To build global human capital distribution systems in the US to create cheap labor and social unrest AND to build at the same time the human capital global labor pool structures to bring US citizens into these global enslavement structures taking people to Foreign Economic Zones around the world.
THAT'S ALL CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA MOVING FORWARD HAS HAD AS A GOAL IN IMMIGRATION POLICY.
Since the far-right global Wall Street sees no national sovereignty THERE NEVER WAS A PATHWAY TO CITIZENSHIP for goodness sake---they are dismantling what it means to have NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY AND CITIZENSHIP RIGHTS.
TRUMP was installed to heighten that societal instability ----to bring immigrants allowed to freely build density in US cities deemed Foreign Economic Zones under restrictions they would have if in their own third world nations----and to bring that economic crash with austerity and massive unemployment to the goal of EXPORTING US CITIZENS INTO GLOBAL LABOR POOL WHILE MAXIMIZING CHEAP LABOR BY BRINGING GLOBAL LABOR POOL CITIZENS FROM THIRD WORLD TO US.
Let's look at the definition of EX-PAT===== remember during empire-building through the 1500-1700s both the rich and poor of European and African nations were being EXPORTED AS EX-PATS----the colonial government were the lowest on totem pole 2%------the colonial towns people were the poor....indentured servants and slaves. That is now happening again----only American citizens are going to be those EX-PAT 2% with what will be higher and higher percentages of impoverished Americans as the middle-newly rich class disappears next decade.
While the global 1% and their 2% are sending their children to US IVY LEAGUE universities with a growing EX-PAT of global rich filling our US cities-----the American people and long-term Latino immigrants are about to hit the road to global labor pool in Asia---Africa----
Keep in mind---the only group of students from foreign nations able to afford American IVY LEAGUE university tuitions are from those global 1% and their 2%...and yes---they are motivated in protesting TRUMP's immigration policies. Now, left social Democrats are not against foreign students---we are against bringing more global 1% and their 2% -----
What does it mean to be an expat?
by Candy Emerson
What does it mean to be an ex-pat? To ex-communicate yourself from your own country or take the challenge of living abroad? It sounds rather negative at first but after much research on the internet there is quite a community to help those who take the challenge. I suppose now I can officially call myself an expat. Three weeks ago, I moved to Ecuador to start a new life with my fiancé. It was a whirlwind romance from the start but as you get older and experience more opportunities in life I’ve come to the conclusion that you know when you know. We officially met last July, reconnected in November, and six months later (May) I moved abroad to start a new life with him. Crazy, right?!
Leading up to my move was rather stressful…selling a home, moving my sister, rearranging my life, and organizing the financial and emotional stability of my widowed mother. On top of that, I’m training for an Ironman triathlon which takes time and constant dedication. The good thing about my training is that it’s the only thing that is keeping me sane and focused away from my emotional distress that pops its nasty head from time to time.
I consider myself an emotionally strong individual. I’ve been through divorce, unemployment and unfortunately death in my family but nothing seems to compare to the uncertainty of what the future holds at this point. I know how to navigate and network in my home town/country, but living abroad is a completely different story. Especially with a language barrier, you can easily feel isolated, lost, depressed, and very insecure. All that seemed familiar is now confusing, irritating, and unreliable.
Where did my natural instincts for survival go? Why do I feel so insecure? And how can I get back on track to find a sense of peace and wholeness? The best place to start in understanding a new culture is to learn the language. I’ve enrolled in a Spanish tutorial class for the next month which I’m hoping will just start my process to feel more comfortable with my new life. So many times now I’ve realized how we take for granted the things we are so used to. Like ordering a cup of coffee can be an ordeal if you don’t have the basic skill set. Of course moving to a third world country where 80% of the population does not read or write let alone speak outside their native tongue is quite an obstacle. At least in Europe there is a higher level of education that you can rely on for more bilingual individuals. Thank goodness my fiancé and his family are educated and do speak English. The downside is that I’m relying on that too much that I’m not learning the language as efficiently as I would like. Where do I find the balance??
Perhaps identifying what I am feeling is important to my recovery and evolution. What are some common stresses that I’m feeling since I first moved abroad?
1) The loss of the ability to communicate
2) The loss of mastery
3) The loss of social support network
4) The stress of being misperceived
I hope to find answers to all my expat questions - the quest is just beginning.
Below we see our global Wall Street version of NPR------not that old left social democratic public media presenting an article telling us being an EX-PAT IS JOLLY GOOD!
The global 1% and their 2% being brought from overseas to fill our US CITIES DEEMED FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES are EX-PATS from their nations just as Americans increasingly being sent overseas whether from our US 1% and their 2%---or as global labor pool 99% are and will be EX-PATS. the The rich sent as EX-PATS are used to living as such---they are after all the families from OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE AND KINGS AND QUEENS......many are grads of our US IVY LEAGUES so some folks don't mind being sent overseas for their entire working life. The 99% of global citizens pushed into this global labor pool----will not keep any sovereign citizen rights or access to their culture.
Our US military citizens have been those EX-PATS for many years but they need to think of this------our US military have always been housed on US MILITARY BASES that deliberately maintain condition of American culture. That will completely
DISAPPEAR---THERE IS NO INTENTION OF CREATING AMERICAN CULTURAL CONTEXT IN ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE HUMAN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS.
So, our US military families will not recognize life under these global labor pool systems taking people to Foreign Economic Zones. YOU BECOME THAT GLOBAL CITIZEN WITH NO CONNECTION TO YOUR NATIONAL SOVEREIGN RIGHTS---since ONE WORLD recognizes only the rich and global corporations with rights and protection by a Rule of Law---you live as they do in that overseas nation.
"Today we are deprived of almost nothing that you can get or see where you live, except perhaps a favorite toothpaste or peanut butter brand'.
I loved the British sitcom AS TIME GOES BY-----LIONEL was that BRIT EX-PAT come back to Britain to retire. Baltimore is ground zero for educating citizens to become those ex-pats-----NPR now global Wall Street has the job of making all this seem exciting and cool. I guarantee you global history shows it is not good for that 2% or that 99%.
The ProtojournalistVery original reporting Project Xpat
Project Xpat: What It Means To Be An Expatriate
December 5, 201311:11 AM ET
When American expatriate Charles Trueheart was young, he lived all over the world — in Ankara, London, Saigon and Paris. His father was an American diplomat.
When Charlie was older, he moved back to the U.S. He went to college at Amherst. Eventually, he and his wife, Anne Swardson, became international correspondents for The Washington Post.
I was Charlie's editor at the Post for several stories. He is a lovely writer and a good friend.
In 1996, Charlie and Anne — and their children Louise and Henry — moved to Paris. Charlie and Anne have lived there ever since.
Today Anne is editor-at-large for Bloomberg News. And Charlie is director of the American Library in Paris.
I asked Charlie this question: What does it mean to you to be an expatriate? Here is an edited version — I was his editor, remember — of his thoughtful and thought-provoking reply.
Even after 17 years in Paris, Charlie writes, "setting out in the morning into this city I am fully aware that I am a stranger, that by dumb luck I am enjoying being virtually incognito in another culture. I enjoy being fully assimilated but also at odds with my surroundings.
"Everything remains fresh and discoverable. ... When frustrated, I blame the French for their idiotic ways and stubborn Frenchness. But when I see that Frenchness fade, as I have over these years, I mourn for its passing.
"What used to be more different is now less different: the convergence of my becoming accustomed and acculturated, and France's becoming more international, more English-speaking.
"Today we are deprived of almost nothing that you can get or see where you live, except perhaps a favorite toothpaste or peanut butter brand.
"And as an American in Paris, how am I regarded? Frankly in a cosmopolitan place like this, Americans, foreigners, are a dime a dozen. So that is a comfort, really. You don't stick out even when you are called on being non-native. This is more and more the case.
"The expat is the new global person."
This is the dynamic that is changing------we have over these few decades of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA seen retirees feeling they need to be that EX-PAT because all our social public trusts and retirements were allowed to be literally stolen by global Wall Street and global corporations. The global citizens in Foreign Economic Zones have seen a largely white middle-new wealth class of citizens traveling all over the world. The OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE AND KINGS AND QUEENS were European. That dynamic will now reverse as a global 1% seeks to get rid of not ony that 95% of middle-upper middle working class and poor====BUT THEIR GLOBAL 2% TO THE 1% AS WELL. A global 1% will be from Asia----from Arabia-----from Africa---from Europe-----a very, very, very few black, white, and brown citizens.
The American citizens are being staged for a global health care AFFORDABLE CARE ACT that deliberately tied the 99% to having to travel overseas for health care-----it deliberately ties that 99% to traveling overseas as retirement income disappears and we can only afford retiring in third world nations---AND it forces the 99% overseas as the poor become unable to find work or have the ability to house or feed themselves.
We are hearing NONE OF THIS while national media and our 'labor and justice' organizations led by the 5% to the 1% creates headlines and marches around issues that do not effect the 99%.
This is why we are hearing NOTHING about the coming economic crash and massive bond frauds that will send US into deep recession/depression.
Why are white people expats when the rest of us are immigrants?
Surely any person going to work outside their country is an expatriate? But no, the word exclusively applies to white people
- Join our community of global development professionals.
Expats or migrants?
Mawuna Remarque Koutonin
Mawuna Remarque Koutonin is editor of SiliconAfrica.com and a social activist for Africa Renaissance. @siliconafrica
Friday 13 March 2015 06.52 EDT Last modified on Monday 12 October 2015 05.42 EDT
In the lexicon of human migration there are still hierarchical words, created with the purpose of putting white people above everyone else. One of those remnants is the word “expat”.
What is an expat? And who is an expat? According to Wikipedia, “an expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person temporarily or permanently residing in a country other than that of the person’s upbringing. The word comes from the Latin terms ex (‘out of’) and patria (‘country, fatherland’)”.
Defined that way, you should expect that any person going to work outside of his or her country for a period of time would be an expat, regardless of his skin colour or country. But that is not the case in reality; expat is a term reserved exclusively for western white people going to work abroad.
THAT IS NOT TRUE!
Africans are immigrants. Arabs are immigrants. Asians are immigrants. However, Europeans are expats because they can’t be at the same level as other ethnicities. They are superior. Immigrants is a term set aside for ‘inferior races’.
Don’t take my word for it. The Wall Street Journal, the leading financial information magazine in the world, has a blog dedicated to the life of expats and recently they featured a story ‘Who is an expat, anyway?’. Here are the main conclusions: “Some arrivals are described as expats; others as immigrants; and some simply as migrants. It depends on social class, country of origin and economic status. It’s strange to hear some people in Hong Kong described as expats, but not others. Anyone with roots in a western country is considered an expat … Filipino domestic helpers are just guests, even if they’ve been here for decades. Mandarin-speaking mainland Chinese are rarely regarded as expats … It’s a double standard woven into official policy.”
The reality is the same in Africa and Europe. Top African professionals going to work in Europe are not considered expats. They are immigrants. Period. “I work for multinational organisations both in the private and public sectors. And being black or coloured doesn’t gain me the term “expat”. I’m a highly qualified immigrant, as they call me, to be politically correct,” says an African migrant worker.
'a wealthy student coming to the US to university and staying in the US to work is an EX-PAT in their own nation------here they are that immigrant. So these terms are relative to where people are coming and going. There have always been a global 1% and their 2% EX-PATS coming from Asia----from Africa----from Arabia---just as European and American have that same EX-PAT going to those nations. The Western nations do much of the world journalism and reporting so it sound like we have more EX-PATS vs immigrants'.
Most white people deny that they enjoy the privileges of a racist system. And why not? But our responsibility is to point out and to deny them these privileges, directly related to an outdated supremacist ideology. If you see those “expats” in Africa, call them immigrants like everyone else. If that hurts their white superiority, they can jump in the air and stay there. The political deconstruction of this outdated worldview must continue.
Remember all of Latin American nation leadership are tied to old world Spanish/Portugese families so they don't care if Trump builds a WALL. The new economy for these Foreign Economic Zone nations will be those formerly new rich and middle-class from all developed nations and that includes all those black and brown citizens having climbed the income ladder as too the white citizens benefiting from NEW DEAL LEFT SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC POLICIES.
The goal of ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE here in the US is moving out first world democratic freedom loving citizens with rights-----and moving in global labor pool workers never knowing those freedoms and rights along with the same global 1% and their 2% that enslave them in their own nations.
BALTIMORE'S CITY CENTER WILL BE JUST THAT----A GLOBAL 1% AND THEIR 2% SURROUNDED BY GLOBAL CORPORATE CAMPUSES FILLED WITH 99% GLOBAL LABOR POOL WORKERS.
No one has worked harder in this MOVING FORWARD than Baltimore's and Maryland's pols---global Wall Street CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA----and their 5% to the 1% across all population groups. MIKUKSKI----CARDIN-----SARBANES----CUMMINGS-----BALTIMORE'S ROBBER BARON POLS!
The people tasked with working American people into a MARXIST civil unrest are those global 1% and their 2% brought to the US with our US 5% to the 1%----our 5% are about to be thrown under the bus after this coming economic crash and will join WE THE PEOPLE.
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The number of ex-pats renouncing their citizenship over taxes is very,very, very, very small------the new rich----the old world rich---the global corporations all a very small percentage of US citizens. What will occur in MOVING FORWARD is ----there will be no American citizenship----remember the US is going to be broken into a dozen or so GLOBAL CITY STATES having no connection to US laws, history----this is what CALEXIT, TEXEXIT, et all have as a goal------no more US citizenship.
People who have been reading about life overseas for our US EX-PATS know this---they are losing all ability to access what was American status freedom and liberty and are now facing the NON-CITIZEN WORLD CITIZEN STATUS. Banking assets are being seized------rights of investments are ending-----and Trump will mess with the coming and going of people through our ports of entry to the point where EVERYONE WILL HAVE PROBLEMS TRYING TO COME AND GO IN AMERICA.
HERE WE HAVE THAT ORIGINAL AMERICAN COLONIAL FAMILY NOW BECOMING THAT EX-PAT-----
'Patricia Moon was born in Dayton, Ohio, to a family descended from Quakers who settled in the New World before the American Revolution'.
Expatriate Americans Break Up With Uncle Sam to Escape Tax Rules
Record Numbers Living Abroad Renounce U.S. Citizenship over IRS Reporting Requirements
Liam Pleven and
Updated June 16, 2014 11:08 p.m. ET Patricia Moon was born in Dayton, Ohio, to a family descended from Quakers who settled in the New World before the American Revolution.
The goals of ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE ONE WORLD BANK----is just that. A Trump is ranting about ending the US FED because the next step is to have ONLY INTERNATIONAL BANKING---remember this economic crash is designed to take out all our community banks and credit unions forcing WE THE PEOPLE into a global banking system only----this is when we know for sure AMERICA HAS BEEN COLONIZED.
Here we see the results of BREXIT-----Britain was first Western nation to become that independent global FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE CITY STATE----taking the British citizens from any power to stop a global 1% and their 2% in complete control of UK's governance. This BREXIT will not occur for real in the US until our governance is filled with that same global 1% and their 2%----it will take a decade or two as MOVING FORWARD goals have for our US cities deemed Foreign Economic Zones. This is why THE EXIT movements are bad for the 99%-----it is that 5% to the 1% pushing these policies.
Here we see British EX-PATS being forced to push for INTERNATIONAL BANKING.
'An international bank might be the best option'
Sovereign citizens are most vulnerable when they become that EX-PAT-----no matter the race or class-----
EC offers glimmer of hope for expats without bank accounts
Britons protesting over their inability to open UK accounts have received some encouragement in the form of a letter from the EC
An international bank might be the best option
By Charlotte Beugge
9:58AM BST 16 Sep 2014
In response to a letter of protest, the European Commission has stated that banks discriminating against expats on the basis of their place of residence could be breaching their rights.
As reported last month, Britons living overseas cannot open accounts with many UK-based banks because they do not have an address in the country.
However, some UK pension schemes will only make payments into British bank accounts, making it necessary to have one. Meanwhile, some expats with accounts in the UK find they cannot move their money to those paying better rates of interest.
As part of an ongoing campaign, 49 expats have complained to the UK Competition and Markets Authority. The authority has replied by suggesting they should forward their concerns to the European Union since it has been looking into the issue of bank accounts across the Continent.
Warwick Gibbons, 68, who lives in Crete, is campaigning on the issue and recently received a reply to his complaint from the European Commission. The letter states: “Discrimination against consumers residing in the Union based on grounds of residence when applying for a bank account goes against [their] fundamental rights within the single market.”
- Expat campaign over banking rules
20 Aug 2014
- Expats who make tax mistakes could be branded criminals
21 Aug 2014
- Getting your hands on your pension could be tougher than expected
30 Oct 2014
- Britons face losing their Barclaycards
23 Apr 2014
The directive will create a right for all European residents to have a basic bank account, but does not compel UK banks or building societies to open up their full range of products to non-UK consumers. Its aim is to help the unbanked: the estimated 58 million Europeans without any kind of bank account. Basic bank accounts are no-frills current accounts which seldom pay interest and are often used by those with low incomes who need an account for their benefit payments.
Indeed, the European Commission’s website says: “The directive does not state that credit institutions will have to offer all types of accounts to every individual: it focuses on what is strictly necessary to enable consumers to use the most essential payment services.”
The UK has until September 18 2016 to bring the requirements of the directive into UK law.
Mr Gibbons said he was pleased with the response from the EC to his letter, adding that he hopes that if the banks are "forced to modify their systems so they don't discriminate payment accounts on the basis of place of residence they might automatically open up other accounts to non-residents".
A spokesman for the British Bankers’ Association said: “There are good reasons why banks cannot always provide services to someone who lives in another country. Costs can be higher and it often becomes much harder to meet the ‘know your customer’ checks banks are obliged to meet. There may also be an increased fraud risk of sending documents, financial information and other correspondence.”
The CMA is seeking views on whether to make a market investigation reference (MIR) into personal current account banking. The 49 expat complaints are being considered as part of the consultation period, which ends on Wednesday, October 17. If a full investigation into the market commences and the CMA decides that consumers are getting a raw deal, it has the power to take action against the banks.
All of these US cities are indeed Foreign Economic Zone cities ----Trump defunding them just as this coming economic crash hits----it will be worse than the Great Depression ----is a GOAL OF GLOBAL WALL STREET. Defunding those US cities deemed Foreign Economic Zones will allow these Mayors---like Rahm Emmanuel in Chicago----and PUGH in Baltimore----to hand these cities off to a CITY MANAGER who with the GOVERNORS of these states will call in WORLD BANK/IMF global banking to bail out the city and control our economies for decades. THAT IS WHAT ALL THIS IS ABOUT.
We are sure most people protesting to protect our immigrant families want to protect them-----we must educate as to what the REAL ISSUES around IMMIGRATION AND EX-PAT EMIGRATION are.
Mother Jones was a left social justice journal until a decade or so ago when it was sold and a global Wall Street neo-liberal owner bought it---so its articles to not address any real gorilla-in-the-room issues---it simply perpetuates global Wall Street's talking points.
THERE IS BALTIMORE!
Here Are the Sanctuary Cities Ready to Resist Trump's Deportation ThreatsAnd how much of their budgets could be at stake.Sara RathodDec. 2, 2016 6:00 AM
President-elect Donald Trump still has about two months to go before he is inaugurated, but pockets of resistance to his mass immigrant deportation plan are already emerging across the country. Since his election, local officials in at least 18 major "sanctuary" cities have pledged to limit their cooperation with federal immigration officials. By one estimate, 12 of these cities account for roughly 20 percent of all undocumented immigrants in the United States.
"We have been and always will be a city of refuge, a city of sanctuary, a city of love," said San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee.There are at least 364 counties that limit their cooperation with federal immigration authorities, including 39 cities. For years, these sanctuary cities have resisted federal deportation efforts in different ways. Some jurisdictions have policies that prevent police officers from inquiring into the immigration status of residents; in other locales, jails have refused to comply with requests from the feds to hold suspected undocumented immigrants past their scheduled release dates. Immigration advocates argue that that these tactics encourage immigrants in their communities to report crimes or cooperate with police investigations.
But critics of sanctuary cities, like Trump, say these policies run contrary to federal immigration law and risk releasing criminals onto the streets. In fact, the term "sanctuary city" has become so politicized that many jurisdictions have hesitated to accept the label. (It is worth noting that evidence suggests sanctuary cities are actually safer for local residents.)
Trump has vowed to stomp out such local resistance by cutting off federal funding to any sanctuary city. That would mean that in a worst-case scenario, these jurisdictions risk losing anywhere between 1 percent and 25 percent of their total city budgets, depending on how much they rely on federal funds. However, a Trump administration may decide not to withhold all that funding. The Los Angeles Times reported that Trump's advisors are considering specifically targeting law enforcement funding.
Here are some of the metros that have renewed their resistance to federal deportation efforts since the election—in order of what percent of their budgets they stand to lose if Trump stays true to his threats:
District of Columbia
At risk: 25 percent of its city budget.
DC risks more of its budget than any other jurisdiction on this list. A week after Trump's election, Mayor Muriel Bowser reaffirmed that DC would remain a sanctuary city by keeping in place its policy of preventing city employees and police officers from asking residents about their immigration status. DC also grants driver's licenses and other benefits to undocumented immigrants.
At risk: More than 10 percent of the city budget, amounting to about $1 billion total.
San Francisco has put in place some of the most expansive sanctuary city laws in the country. In fact, the city has been at the center of the sanctuary city debate ever since 2015, when a young woman was killed by an undocumented Mexican immigrant who had reportedly been deported five times and had just been released from the sheriff department's custody. Trump repeatedly drew attention to the case during his campaign. After Trump's election, Mayor Ed Lee and the school district and sheriff's office, among others, pledged to abide by San Francisco's current policies. "We have been and always will be a city of refuge, a city of sanctuary, a city of love," Lee said. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, the city attorney is looking into the possibility of suing the federal government should it withhold funds.
At risk: At least 10 percent of the city budget, totaling more than $1 billion.
According to the Chicago Tribune, should Trump choose to target law enforcement funding, the city could stand to lose nearly $29 million per year in justice grants. Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel vowed that Chicago "always will be a sanctuary city." He added, "To all those who are, after Tuesday's election, very nervous and filled with anxiety as we've spoken to, you are safe in Chicago, you are secure in Chicago, and you are supported in Chicago."
Providence, Rhode Island
At risk: Approximately 10 percent of the city budget, amounting to $71 million last year.
Providence does not refer undocumented immigrants charged with low-level civil infractions to federal immigration authorities. Mayor Jorge Elorza, the son of Guatemalan immigrants, does not consider Providence a sanctuary city, but he did declare in a statement, "We are standing with cities like Los Angeles and New York City who have made it clear that we will not sacrifice a single resident and we will continue to protect our communities." He added, "It is important that every resident can live their lives without fear of being persecuted."
At risk: About 9 percent of the city budget in 2015, or more than $175 million.
Justice Department funding, the most vulnerable to attack, amounted to about $5.4 million last year. The Denver Police Department released a statement in the wake of Trump's election saying it does not plan to participate in federal immigration enforcement.
At risk: About 9 percent of the city budget, totaling just over $7 billion.
Mayor Bill de Blasio has called Trump's threats against so-called sanctuary cities "dangerous." He said, "We are not going to sacrifice a half million people who live among us, who are part of our community. We are not going to tear families apart." Should Trump choose to target law enforcement funding, the city's police department budget is less vulnerable than the overall city budget. Just over 3 percent, or $185 million, of the police budget comes from federal aid.
At risk: About 8 percent of the city's budget, or more than $216 million
Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake reaffirmed that the city police will continue its policy of not asking about a person's immigration status, stipulating that she considers Baltimore a "welcoming city" but not a "sanctuary city."
At risk: A rough estimate suggests that at least 4 percent of the city's funds, or $52 million. (The Oakland City Administrator's Office did not respond to our request for a specific breakdown of the budget.)
Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf wrote in an op-ed that Oakland will "proudly stand as a sanctuary city—protecting our residents from what we deem unjust federal immigration laws."
At risk: 2 percent of the city budget—more than $25 million.
The police department stands to lose about $2.1 million in federal funding, or about 1.4 percent of its budget. Responding to Trump budget threats, Mayor Betsy Hodges said, "In his quest to scapegoat immigrants, Donald Trump has threatened cities' federal funding if we do not change this practice. I repeat: I will continue to stand by and fight for immigrants in Minneapolis regardless of President-elect Trump's threats."
At risk: About 2 percent of the city's budget, or $507 million.
This year, Los Angeles is expected to receive $127 million in federal law enforcement grants. LA became one of the country's first sanctuary cities, if not the first, back in 1979. Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beck declared that his department will not "engage in law enforcement activities solely based on somebody's immigration status."
Santa Fe, New Mexico
At risk: About 2 percent of the city's annual budget, or about $6 million in federal funding.
The city's police department relies on federal funding for just 0.25 percent of its budget, or about $62,000. Santa Fe Mayor Javier Gonzales vocally denounced Trump's proposed policy toward sanctuary cities on Fox and CNN, earning him the title of the latest "public face of 'sanctuary cities.'" He called Trump funding threats "dangerous."
Aurora, Colorado, and Seattle:
At risk: About 1.8 percent of each city's total budget and 2 to 3 percent of Seattle's police budget.
Seattle Mayor Ed Murray said that standing by his city's policies is "the most American thing we could possibly do."
At risk: Up to 1.3 percent of its total budget and up to 2 percent of its police budget.
Portland Mayor-elect Ted Wheeler said, "We're saying that we're willing to sacrifice those dollars and we are willing to live with whatever consequences may come our way."
Other cities that have vowed to restrict their participation in Trump's mass deportation plan include Philadelphia, Boston, Newark, and Austin.