'But in June 2012, the French firm Veolia sued the Egyptian government for raising the minimum wage'.
Oh, you mean Trans Pacific Trade Pact will negate all US labor and justice laws?
I liked an interview on Baltimore TV news right after the elections that sent a neo-liberal Democratic leadership in the Senate and our Wall Street neo-liberal governor packing. Mikulski is Baltimore's Senator and she is team Johns Hopkins-----as I always say----the most neo-conservative institution in the world. Mikulski's District of Baltimore looks like a third world nation with poverty, crime, and tons of corporate fraud and government corruption moving taxpayer revenue and social service funding to Johns Hopkins to distribute and it all goes to the top! So, Mikulski, as with this Maryland governor team O'Malley/Brown are not Democrats and are working to dismantle War on Poverty, New Deal, and labor and justice equal protection laws. Maryland has already done much of this and Baltimore has for decades.
This TV news interview had Mikulski facing sideways not looking into the camera as she lamented 'I HOPE WE DON'T LOSE OUR NEW DEAL PROGRAMS'. This is why Mikulski is termed 'progressive'. She speaks like a progressive and then serves as a neo-conservative as her district shows. It was Baltimore's neo-liberals and neo-conservatives that handed trillions of Federal, state, and local taxpayer money to Johns Hopkins to build a global corporation that is now autocratic and repressive as a third world institution would be.
MIKULSKI LAMENTS THE COMING DISMANTLING OF NEW DEAL WITH REPUBLICANS IN CHARGE WHEN NEW DEAL HAS BEEN GONE IN MIKULSKI'S DISTRICT FOR DECADES!
Citizens in Maryland who like conservative Democrats had better wake up to what Clinton neo-liberals have planned. None of it has to do with conservative or American -----it is all global as with the Bush neo-cons in Maryland. We can do better than this-----GET RID OF THESE GLOBAL CORPORATE POLS!
The New Deal was a direct response to the Great Depression and a rogue Wall Street financial industry that filled the economy with corporate fraud and government corruption-----SOUND FAMILIAR? Indeed. Lucky for the US we had a progressive in office with the goal of holding the rich accountable and wanting to rebuild a strong Democratic system. Fast forward to today and we are ready to have what will be the same level of economic crash as the Great Depression again brought about by the rich to capture all the nations wealth and again it is full of fraud and corruption. Just as exists today in Mikulski's Baltimore. So, we have pols in office that want this collapse and are working for it to create the wealth inequity that existed before the Great Depression. These pols are not progressive and they are not liberal-----they are Clinton Wall Street neo-liberals who have worked from the Clinton era to create the same conditions for economic collapse and wealth inequity that existed before the Great Depression and FDR. Mikulski is PRO-ENDING NEW DEAL AS ARE ALL CLINTON NEO-LIBERALS.
Let's take a look at what we mean by New Deal legislation.
The New Deal-----Roosevelt Institution
List of New Deal Legislation
On March 4, 1933, when FDR took the oath of office to become the 32nd President of the United States, America was a country in the midst of the worst economic crisis in its history. Since the onset of the Great Depression—initiated by the crash of the stock market in the fall of 1929—over $75 billion in equity capital had been lost on Wall Street, the gross national product had plunged from a high of $104 billion to a mere $74 billion, and U.S. exports had fallen by 62 percent. Over thirteen million people, nearly 25 percent of the workforce, were now unemployed. In some cities, the jobless rate was even higher. In Chicago it had climbed to 40 percent, in Detroit, a staggering 50 percent. Caught in a web of despair, thousands of shabbily dressed men and women walked the streets in search of work, or a bit of food, doled out from one of the hundreds of soup kitchens set up by private charities to keep the wage-less from starvation. In rural America, meanwhile, thousands of tons of unmarketable crops sat rotting in gain storage bins, while farm income plummeted and thousands of families were forced to abandon their homesteads. Reeling from the pressures of such a massive economic downturn, more than 11,000 banks had closed their doors, and the U.S. banking system had all but ceased to function. The nation, in short, appeared to be falling into an economic abyss that might well result in the total breakdown of order. Some observers even feared that without immediate and dramatic action, the country might well slip into revolution.
FDR's response to this unprecedented crisis was to initiate the "New Deal" — a series of economic measures designed to alleviate the worst effects of the depression, reinvigorate the economy, and restore the confidence of the American people in their banks and other key institutions. The New Deal was orchestrated by a core group of FDR advisors brought in from academia and industry known as the "Brains Trust" who, in their first "hundred days" in office, helped FDR enact fifteen major laws. One of the most significant of these was the Banking Act of 1933, which finally brought an end to the panic that gripped the nation's banking system. The success of the Banking Act, depended in large measure on the willingness of the American people to once again place their faith—and money—in their local banks. To ensure this, FDR turned to the radio, and in the first of his many "fireside chats," convinced the American people the crisis was over and that their deposits—backed by the newly established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) — were safe.
Other significant New Deal measures included the establishment of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA). The most famous measure of the New Deal was the 1935 Social Security Act, which led to the establishment of the Social Security Administration and the creation of a national system of old-age pensions and unemployment compensation. Social Security also granted federal financial support to dependant children, the handicapped, and the blind. The New Deal also led to the establishment of a number of significant regulatory agencies, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), set up to stave off a further crash of the Stock Market, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), which ultimately made home ownership affordable for millions of average Americans, as well as the National Labor Relations Board, the Civil Aeronautics Authority, and the Federal Communications Commission.
While the New Deal did much to lessen the worst affects of the Great Depression, its measures were not sweeping enough to restore the nation to full employment. Critics of FDR's policies, on both the right and the left, use this fact as a reason to condemn it. Conservatives argue, for example, that it went too far, and brought too much government intervention in the economy, while those on the left argue that it did not go far enough, and that in order to be truly effective, the Roosevelt Administration should have engaged in a far more comprehensive program of direct federal aid to the poor and unemployed. But the New Deal's greatest achievements transcend mere economic statistics, for in a world where democracy was under siege, and the exponents of fascism and communism flourished, the New Deal offered hope and restored the faith of the American people in their representative institutions. It also transformed the federal government into an active instrument of social justice and established a network of laws and institutions designed to protect the American economy from the worst excesses of liberal capitalism.
One of the most striking benefits of the New Deal was that it restored the confidence of a deeply discouraged population. FDR's use of the media, particularly his mastery of radio communication with the American people through his "Fireside Chats," restored the spirit of the nation as he worked to lift the economy out of the Great Depression.
New Deal Legislation
March 9 Emergency Banking Act
March 20 Government Economy Act
March 22 Beer-Wine Revenue Act
March 31 Creation of Civilian Conservation Corps
April 19 Abandonment of Gold Standard
May 12 Federal Emergency Relief Act
May 12 Agricultural Adjustment Act
May 12 Emergency Farm Mortgage Act
May 18 Tennessee Valley Authority Act
May 27 Securities Act
June 5 Abrogation of Gold Payment Clause
June 13 Home Owners Loan Act
June 16 Glass-Steagall Banking Act
June 16 National Industrial Recovery Act
June 16 Emergency Railroad Transportation Act
June 16 Farm Credit Act
The War Years 1939-1945
The policies of the New Deal changed the nature of government in the United States. But domestic reform was not the only area in which FDR transformed America. The United States of the 1930s was still feeling the devastating effects of the Great Depression, and was bitter about American involvement in World War I. The national mood was to turn away from the rest of the world and deny the country's international responsibilities. In the absence of American support, the League of Nations foundered and the dictatorships flourished. Piece by piece Hitler's Germany expanded at the expense of her neighbors. Italy invaded Abyssinia. Franco launched his fascist crusade in Spain, and the Japanese invaded China.
Restrained by neutrality laws passed in the late 1930s that did not distinguish between aggressor and victim, Franklin D. Roosevelt could do little to assist the targets of aggression. But he understood the need for American leadership in opposition to fascism, and so began a long, eloquent campaign of popular education designed to awaken the American people from their isolationist slumber. "Let no one imagine," he warned, "that America may expect mercy" in the event that the fascists in Europe and Asia should prevail. Indeed, it was sheer folly, he insisted, to believe as the isolationists did, that the United States could survive "as a lone island in a world dominated by force...handcuffed, hungry and fed through the bars from day to day by the contemptuous, unpitying masters of other continents."
As the German Army marched across Poland, Norway, Denmark, the Low Countries and France in 1939-40 at the outbreak of the Second World War, FDR turned the United States into the "arsenal of democracy." When Great Britain stood alone, and few thought she could survive, he overruled his own Chiefs of Staff and insisted that American arms shipments to the British must not only continue, but expand, resulting in the passage of the Lend-Lease Act in March 1941. He also began a massive rearmament campaign the results of which were nothing short of remarkable. In June 1939, the United States possessed an army of a mere 186,000 men that ranked 19th among nations. By mid 1943, the total number of men and women under arms in the United States stood at twelve million, the largest and most powerful assembly of land, sea, and air forces the world had ever seen.
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and American entry into the war, FDR assembled a remarkable team of generals and admirals, and with Churchill, crafted the 'Grand Alliance' that ultimately destroyed the twin evils of German Nazism and Japanese militarism. As the instigator of the Manhattan Project, he became the father of the nuclear age. Determined not to let America once again revert to isolationism after the war, FDR committed the United States to a host of international mechanisms in 1944, such as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, that would guarantee American involvement in the wider world and ultimately give rise to the "global economy." Finally, and most importantly, through his call for a world based on the "Four Freedoms"—Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Worship, Freedom from Want, and Freedom from Fear—and his determination to establish a United Nations committed to collective security, human rights, national self determination, and economic justice, FDR provided the vision and framework for the world we live in today.
The Final Year 1945
In the spring of 1945, after four long years as commander-in-chief and an exhausting trip to the Crimean Peninsula to meet with Soviet Premier, Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, FDR traveled to Warm Springs for a much-needed rest. He would never return to the White House again. On April 12, 1945, while posing for a portrait by the well-known watercolor artist Elizabeth Shoumatoff, FDR noted that he had a terrific headache, slumped in his chair, and passed out. Within two hours he was pronounced dead, the victim of a massive cerebral hemorrhage.
The nation, still in the final throngs of the struggle to defeat Hitler, was stunned by the news. It did not seem possible that the man who had exuded so much energy and confidence during the dark days of depression and war was no longer there to lead. On the morning of April 13, FDR's train departed Warm Springs for the last time. As it made its way slowly northward, first to Washington and then to Hyde Park, thousands of grieving mourners lined the tracks, many of whom wept openly. Two days later the train finally arrived at the platform that stood at the foot of the long trail that winds its way down to the Hudson from Springwood. FDR had come home.
Reagan and Clinton neo-liberalism and Bush neo-conservatism had as a goal to dismantle all of this New Deal legislation. All of what FDR did was not progressive as we see with his building of the IMF and global structures that are now the structures for global expansion that is far from progressive. I want to believe that maybe he did not see how these policies would be hijacked by the rich and used against this progressive democracy he had envisioned.
As you see, all of the FHA, SEC, National Labor Board, and other regulatory agencies built to prevent another economic collapse are the same agencies that Reagan and Clinton started to dismantle and it was Clinton's policies against the SEC and Glass Steagall wall that allowed the rich to roll in and do the same thing they did before the Great Depression. This was a plan-----no Republican plot. You see Social Security and worker's compensation for example came at this time and it is Obama that installed myRA to end Social Security. HAVE YOU HEARD MIKULSKI OR ANY MARYLAND POLS SHOUTING THIS? Of course not, all Maryland pols are neo-liberals and neo-cons.
Wall Street has captured the SEC, the FHA, and the agriculture programs for big AG.....Glass Steagall was the Clinton's first target as was all of our New Deal public universities.
The Civilian Conservation Corp created, maintained, and protected our national and state parks system and now neo-liberals are allowing public land to be exposed to strip mining for rare earth minerals-----the most toxic of minerals and fracking . Now the Civilian Corp is the AmeriCorp which neo-liberals use to dismantle the rest of public sector agencies and it has nothing to do with Conservation---it is simply a plan to move public policy away from communities and install Trans Pacific Trade Pact public structures.
Not surprisingly, Mikulski's Baltimore is ground zero for Americorp as neo-conservative Johns Hopkins takes control of all avenues of public policy. It has become Fascist. Nothing Democratic about one institution capturing all public policy and revenue sources! For those that think it is good for a city with high crime and poverty to have an AmeriCorp base you have to know who controls these youth and what their goals are. I see many a AmeriCorp reject the direction taken in Baltimore City and leave. Our public schools are controlled by Johns Hopkins through this program for example and not many people like what is happening in their public schools.
AmeriCorps engages more than 75,000 Americans in intensive service each year at nonprofits, schools, public agencies, and community and faith-based groups across the country.
Since the program’s founding in 1994, more than 900,000 AmeriCorps members have contributed more than 1.2 billion hours in service across America while tackling pressing problems and mobilizing millions of volunteers for the organizations they serve.
AmeriCorps programs do more than move communities forward; they serve their members by creating jobs and providing pathways to opportunity for young people entering the workforce. AmeriCorps places thousands of young adults into intensive service positions where they learn valuable work skills, earn money for education, and develop an appreciation for citizenship.
Baltimore to Welcome New AmeriCorps
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Dec 13, 2012WASHINGTON, D.C. –
The Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) will hold a dedication ceremony on Monday, December 17, for the new AmeriCorps National Civilian Community Corps (NCCC) Atlantic Region Campus at its future home in Baltimore, Md. at the former Sacred Heart of Mary School.
CNCS CEO Wendy Spencer, Sen. Barbara Mikulski, Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, and Archbishop William E. Lori will deliver remarks and will join in cutting the ceremonial ribbon. In addition, AmeriCorps NCCC director, Kate Raftery, will be available to answer questions on the campus’ daily operations.
AmeriCorps NCCC is a full-time, residential, national service program in which 1,200 young adults between the ages of 18 to 24 serve nationwide. During their 10-month terms, members work in teams of eight to 12 on projects that address critical needs related to natural and other disasters, infrastructure improvement, environmental stewardship and conservation, energy conservation, and urban and rural development.
The Atlantic Region Campus serves 10 states – Conn., Del., Mass., Md., Maine, N.H., N.J., Pa., R.I., and Vt. in addition to D.C., Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Currently, the campus is located in Perryville, Md. and hosts more than 160 AmeriCorps NCCC members each year. In the new location, the program anticipates it could house as many as 240 members.
This is what will end New Deal and all of our Democratic structures and guess who is right there with the most involved global corporate neo-conservative institution------Maryland's Mikulski who states she doesn't want to see New Deal dismantled. TPP will indeed allow all US laws to be ignored if they take away from profits by global corporations. BYE BYE LABOR AND JUSTICE LAWS AND ALL OF NEW DEAL!!!
TPP and Clinton/Obama are pushing around the world for nations to dismantle all of their public structures, programs and services just as they are doing here in the US with public private partnerships and imploding public agencies with Wall Street debt.
Mikulski knows this is the goal and as with all other neo-liberals-----they are silent and working the entire Obama terms in office passing laws and building structures for TPP! If you cannot see how AmeriCorp as it is used today ties in with Trans Pacific Trade Pact-----you are not looking!
WE CAN REVERSE THIS BY SIMPLY GETTING RID OF NEO-LIBERALS BY RUNNING AND VOTING FOR LABOR AND JUSTICE IN ALL PRIMARIES!
Secret TPP Deal Would Void Democracy
July 08, 2013 / Jane Slaughter
TPP talks held in British Columbia in June were kept secret, but Canadian activists learned about them the day before from an article in the Peruvian media. Opponents hustled to hold an emergency teach-in and to project messages about the TPP on downtown Vancouver buildings. More talks will take place July 15-25 in Malaysia. Photo: Citizens Trade Campaign.
Many people know NAFTA has cost U.S. workers 700,000 jobs. But how many know another effect was to drive Mexican small farmers out of business?
In the brave new world of free trade, Costco makes tortilla chips and salsa in the U.S. and trucks them to its stores in Mexico.
Congress will soon debate whether to “fast-track” a trade deal that would make job-killers like NAFTA look puny. The Trans-Pacific Partnership would give corporations the right to sue national governments if they passed any law, regulation, or court ruling interfering with a corporation’s “expected future profits.”
They could also sue over local or state laws they didn’t like. The TPP would cover 40 percent of the world’s economy.
Existing laws and regulations on food safety, environmental protection, drug prices, local contracting, and internet freedom would all be up for challenge. And the decision-makers on such suits would not be local judges and juries; they’d be affiliated with the World Bank, an institution dedicated to corporate interests.
CAN IT BE STOPPED? Citizen groups believe they can stop the TPP if there is enough outcry. They point to previous victories over the WTO (World Trade Organization) and FTAA (Free Trade Area of the Americas).
What Is the TPP? It might as well stand for “Take Power from the People,” a Detroit postal worker said.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership has been under hush-hush negotiations since 2008. It includes the United States, Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam, and, soon, Japan.
A “docking mechanism” would allow other countries, including China, to join over time.
The contents have not been made public, but are known to the 600 “corporate advisors” helping write it, such as Chevron, Halliburton, Walmart, Ford, GE, AT&T, Cargill, Pfizer, and the Semiconductor Industry Association. Some information has come to light through leaks.
Like most trade agreements, the TPP is mostly not about trade but about giving corporations more rights to interfere with local laws.
TPP tribunals staffed by corporate lawyers, outside the control of any government, would rule whether a country’s taxpayers must pay monetary damages to wronged corporations.
Negotiations begin in July on a Trans-Atlantic Free Trade Agreement between the U.S. and the European Union. Stopping TPP would help derail it, too.
Most unions, however, have been slow to get on board—even though the TPP would jeopardize, according to the AFL-CIO, millions of jobs. The Teamsters and Communications Workers have been the most active.
Greg Junemann, president of the Professional and Technical Engineers, says unions have given up, certain that “what Obama wants to do, they [Congress] are going to do.” Junemann, with other union heads, sits on a labor advisory committee (LAC) on trade—which, he said, has been completely ignored.
In a June 6 letter, LAC chair Thomas Buffenbarger of the Machinists sharply criticized the administration for “restrictions on information that is shared with LAC members,” “unwillingness to share bracketed text or tabled positions from our negotiating partners,” and “refusal to include labor representatives on Industry Trade Advisory Committees.”
FAST TRACK Over the opposition of many unions, President Obama signed corporate-friendly trade agreements with South Korea, Panama, and Colombia in fall 2011.
He singled out the TPP as a priority in this year’s State of the Union speech and wants Congress to give him “fast-track” authority.
Veterans of the fight against Bill Clinton’s NAFTA will remember fast track—Congress gives away its ability to amend an international agreement, in favor of a simple up-or-down vote. Each house may debate the bill for no more than 20 hours.
Fast track is likely to come up in late summer or early fall. But most Democrats in the House are opposed to fast track and the TPP, says Arthur Stamoulis of the Citizens Trade Campaign, and many Republicans will also vote against it (some because they want to deny Obama any appearance of success).
Junemann counters that, in the end, doing what big business wants will weigh more with Republicans than hurting Obama.
In any case, “there is no way they can get TPP through without fast track,” Stamoulis said. “When we defeated the FTAA [in the early 2000s], the first step was cross-border people’s movements dragging the proposal out of the shadows, shining a light on it, and introducing accountability and scrutiny to the negotiations.”
Light and scrutiny have both been sorely lacking thus far, but leaks about TPP’s contents are alarming.
LOCAL LAWS TRUMPED Corporations could sue governments over laws not to their liking. They are already doing so under existing “trade” agreements, but TPP would vastly expand the number of corporations and countries involved.
For example, Australia passed a law requiring plain packaging for cigarettes (no Joe Camel). U.S.-based Philip Morris is in court over predicted lost sales.
After the Fukushima disaster, Germany enacted a moratorium on nuclear power; a Swedish energy company is now suing the German government. Bechtel sued Bolivia for undoing the privatization of its water supply.
Corporations have already collected $365 million by suing governments, usually in developing countries, under existing treaties, and $13 billion more is pending in suits under NAFTA and the Central America (CAFTA) and Peru FTAs.
Most suits thus far are over environmental issues. But in June 2012, the French firm Veolia sued the Egyptian government for raising the minimum wage.
Under TPP, the corporation would sue the federal government, whether the case pertained to a federal, state, or local law or court decision. If the tribunal awarded damages to the corporation, the federal government would pay.
So if the government doesn’t want more suits, it has to change its laws (or pressure the local government to do so). Under NAFTA, the U.S. chemical company Ethyl Corp. sued Canada because it had banned the use of a gasoline additive called MMT, as a public health measure. Canada backed down, allowed MMT, and paid Ethyl $13 million.
- TPP would give international firms equal access to federal government contracts.
- TPP would include aggressive intellectual property rules to protect Big Pharma’s patents and restrict access to generic medicines. The consequences for those unable to afford HIV drugs, for example, especially in poor countries, would include hundreds of thousands of deaths.
- The U.S. Department of Energy has the authority to regulate exports of natural gas—but not to countries that have free trade agreements with the U.S. TPP would mean stepped-up natural gas exports, without review, to Japan, the world’s largest importer of natural gas, and therefore increased to find that gas.
JOBS GONE These new rights for corporations are horrifying, but the most widespread effect of TPP would be job loss. The minimum wage in Vietnam, for example, is $2.23 a day, so labor-intensive industries are already eager to move there. The TPP would accelerate that process:
- It would remove U.S. tariffs on goods produced in Vietnam and any other TPP country.
- Manufacturers in capital-intensive industries (heavy machinery factories, paper mills, semiconductors), who might be reluctant to risk investment, would be protected against the threat of other countries’ passing new environmental or regulatory costs.
- TPP’s protections against loss of “intellectual property” would reassure investors about building in Vietnam, where the majority of college grads are in math and science. Such concerns are currently a major disincentive for IT or research work in Vietnam, as its intellectual property practices are far looser than those in the U.S.
The Free Trade Area of the Americas would have extended NAFTA to 31 more countries in the hemisphere. Some Latin American countries, notably Brazil, said no. Big protests were held in Quebec City in 2001 and in Miami in 2003, and the FTAA died.
To stop fast track and the TPP, Citizens Trade Campaign suggests three actions: Contact your Congressperson and urge a “no” vote. Spread the word widely about the TPP, through all channels. And if TPP negotiations are held in North America, mobilize to greet the bargainers—à la Seattle 1999.
See Expose the TPP. The Citizens Trade Campaign site has fact sheets, monthly briefings, and more. See a video interview on “Democracy Now!”