Western Europe as the Americas are slated to devolve and be abandoned as NEW WORLD ORDER focuses only on Eastern Europe and Siberia. Western European nations are being filled with Foreign Economic Zones----filled with global labor pool workers---and UK and European nation 99% are again being pushed to diaspora----
Western Europe will become like our US mid-west-----Germany, Austria, Spain, France, Italy will be taken to arid desert. The global 1% goal for Western Europe is to abandon it as it will North and South America. We are seeing that MOVING FORWARD as mass migration from Africa and Middle-East fill Europe at the same time FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE global corporate campuses and global factories moving from Asia are built to capture that migrating population------the same MOVING FORWARD GLOBAL CORPORATE CAMPUS AND GLOBAL FACTORIES with massive energy platforms here in US CITIES DEEMED FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE now MOVING FORWARD in Western Europe and yes, that brings environmental devastation, draining and contamination of fresh water, leaving soil arid and toxic. Western Europe by the end of 21st century will not exist. The coastal nations of Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark having built dikes for centuries will of course be under water-----
While European and UK 99% of citizens are being sent to US and Asia-----Western Europe is filling with global labor pool. Western European and UK 99% of citizens will be those 4 billion citizens abandoned in the Americas as it is made uninhabitable. Those citizens trying to escape war in northern Africa will see Western Europe deteriorate as US.
The rebuilding of the SOVIET BLOCK -----FAR-RIGHT AUTHORITARIAN, MILITARISTIC, EXTREME WEALTH EXTREME POVERTY LIBERTARIAN MARXIST STALINISM-----will see that WALL Reagan tore down rebuilt these coming few decades. No migration from Western Europe to Eastern block nations NORDIC AND SIBERIA----will be possible.
Today's migration of northern African/Middle-East will be trapped in a Western Europe as uninhabitable as US. Once saturation of Western Europe filling Foreign Economic Zone global factories is complete these few decades-----don't think boat loads of people trying to escape a very hot and dry Africa will leave the African continent.
We are shouting to our global 99% to think about where global banking is forcing migration ---------where in the world will be better for our 99%? The answer starts and ends with this-----there will be a small region of Earth suitable for habitation in coming centuries---it is critical to think about 99% sustainability where we are-----as sovereign citizens-----rather than allowing FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE GLOBAL CORPORATE CAMPUS SUSTAINABILITY FOR ONLY THE GLOBAL 1%-----fill our nations.
SO, WESTERN EUROPE WILL FILL WITH ANOTHER BILLION OF GLOBAL 99% LABOR POOL-----that's 5 billion global citizens trapped in regions slated to feel the worst of climate change ------and we haven't even gotten to AFRICA.
When someone tells me as a REAL left social progressive to go to Western Europe pretending Western Europe is still left social progressive----I think----no I will work to rebuild US as a REAL LEFT SOCIAL PROGRESSIVE economy with infrastructure and economy for 99% sustainability.
09/05/2015 12:34 pm ET Updated Nov 09, 2015
The European Migrant Crisis Is A Nightmare. Climate Change Will Make It Worse.
Hundreds of thousands of migrants are seeking refuge in Europe, but millions more will be displaced as the climate warms.
By Peter Mellgard
Credit: Rebecca Blackwell/Associated Press
2-year-old Aliou Seyni Diallo eats dry couscous given to him by a neighbor, after he collapsed in tears of hunger in the village of Goudoude Diobe, in the Matam region of northeastern Senegal, Tuesday, May 1, 2012.
The hundreds of thousands of migrants arriving in Europe or dying on the way to its shores could be a harbinger of things to come, researchers and policymakers warn, because a potentially greater driver of displacement looms on the horizon: climate change.
As U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry warned at a recent State Department-led conference on climate change in the Arctic, the scenes of chaos and heartbreak in Europe will be repeated globally unless the world acts to mitigate climate change.
“Wait until you see what happens when there’s an absence of water, an absence of food, or one tribe fighting against another for mere survival,” Kerry said.
World leaders have long warned that natural disasters and degraded environments linked to climate change could — indeed, have already started to — drive people from their homes. UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres declared in 2009 that climate change will create millions of refugees and internally displaced populations. “Not only states, but cultures and identities will be drowned,” Guterres said.
Displacement is already happening in some parts of the world. Almost 28 million people on average were displaced by environmental disasters every year between 2008 and 2013, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center — roughly three times as many as were forced from their homes by conflict and violence.
It’s difficult to predict exactly how many more may be displaced as climate change progresses. “When global warming takes hold there could be as many as 200 million people overtaken” by the consequences, professor Norman Myers of Oxford University argued in a 2005 paper. For comparison’s sake, 350,000 migrants sought entry into the European Union in 2014, the International Organization for Migration estimated.
Few countries or international organizations are prepared to deal with environmentally displaced people. As a 2011 report from the European Parliament’s Directorate-General for Internal Policies detailed, there is no specific legal protection for “environmentally displaced individuals” beyond temporary measures that would prove insufficient if the environmental damage to their homeland endured.
The UN has a non-binding agreement on internal displacement from 1998 that includes provisions for people fleeing natural disasters, but it is not obligatory and includes no penalties for countries that ignore it, as Roger Zetter, a professor emeritus in refugee studies at Oxford, told The Huffington Post. The portions addressing natural disasters focus on storms, not the more complex and slow-onset effects of climate change.
Myers’ sensational prediction of hundreds of millions of climate change refugees has come under fire in the years since its 2005 publication. “It’s a very contentious overestimate,” Zetter said. “It’s a back-of-the-envelope figure.”
It’s difficult, if not impossible, to get data on the number of current migrants who left their homes primarily because of climate change. For most, environmental degradation is one factor among many, Zetter and other experts cautioned. Nevertheless, climate change-related environmental impacts will present “very significant challenges,” Zetter said.
“What climate change and displacement do is present developmental problems for countries that are already struggling,” he explained. “If you’ve got to start spending more and more money on flood relief channels or earthquake-proof buildings or increasing huge water transfer programs to cope with depleting aquifers, there’s no question that it will add a huge additional financial burden and make planning and development strategies more difficult.”
And for some countries, climate change poses an immediate and very real threat — countries like the small island states threatened by rising seas. “If there’s no land, they’ll have to leave,” Zetter said.
Credit: Richard Vogel/Associated Press
In this March 30, 2004 file photo, a man fishes on a bridge on Tarawa atoll, Kiribati. Fearing that climate change could wipe out their entire Pacific archipelago, the leaders of Kiribati are considering an unusual backup plan: moving the populace to Fiji.
That includes places like Kiribati, a country made up of 33 islands in the remote South Pacific. Kiribati will be among the first countries to vanish beneath the rising ocean, possibly as soon as the end of this century. But long before then, its atolls and reef islands will be uninhabitable for their 103,000 residents if a violent storm comes crashing through, or if the ocean seeps into their already inadequate supply of fresh groundwater. Half of the country’s citizens live on the Tarawa Atoll, a crescent of white sand two-thirds of a mile across whose highest point is just 10 feet above the ocean.
Operating on the unfortunate assumption that the sea will swallow the country, the government of Kiribati purchased 6,000 acres of land in Fiji last year, in case they need to uproot an entire people and put them somewhere else.
Major storms and flooding already cause tremendous displacement — almost 28 million per year on average, according to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. Many more are affected, but not necessarily displaced — an average of 140 million people yearly, the International Panel on Climate Change reports. Scientists expect climate change to make violent storms like Typhoon Haiyan, which forced a million people to flee their homes in the Philippines in 2013, stronger and more frequent.
Typhoons and monsoon floods hit people hard and fast, forcing them to literally flee for their lives. Scientists call those rapid-onset climate events. But there are also slow-onset climate events like drought, desertification and sea level rise.
These slow-moving changes are “much more difficult to relate to mobility patterns,” Albert Kraler, a program manager for research at the International Center for Migration Policy Development in Vienna, told HuffPost. Often, environmental changes are just “one of the factors informing people’s migration choices.”
Despite the difficulty in determining exact numbers, the United Nations Environment Program concluded in a 2011 study on the Sahel, a semi-arid belt across northern Africa, that “migration occurs when livelihoods cannot be maintained, especially when agriculture or herding is severely affected by environmental degradation or extreme events.”
The changes in the Sahel are perhaps the most obvious example of slow-onset events. The UN dubbed the region “ground zero” for climate change “due to its extreme climatic conditions and highly vulnerable population.” Its arid climate and infrequent rain are getting worse, and scientists blame climate change. The rain is less predictable than it used to be — sometimes there is too much and sometimes nowhere near enough. For almost everyone in the Sahel, food has become more expensive and scarcer. As a result, 30 percent of households in Burkina Faso, in the heart of the Sahel, have relocated in the last 20 years because they could no longer survive, The Guardian reported in 2013.
People have always migrated across this region. But these days, “the traditional temporary and seasonal migration patterns of many farmers, herders and fishermen in the region are increasingly being replaced by a more permanent shift southward and to urban areas,” UNEP reports. “Nearly half of the West African population now lives in largely overcrowded coastal cities, including 12 townships of over one million inhabitants along the coastline from Senegal to Nigeria.”
The population of the Sahel region is expected to skyrocket over the next few decades. Competition between tribes and ethnic groups, pastoralists, farmers and fishermen over ever-scarcer natural resources, which has existed for as long as people have lived there, is becoming intense. And then there’s Boko Haram. Its fighters have set up camps on islands emerging out of Lake Chad, a once-majestic expanse of fresh water that in the past supported millions of people in the heart of the Sahel. But the lake has lost 90 percent of its area since the 1960s. Now, there’s a militant Muslim fundamentalist insurgency taking hold amid an ongoing environmental disaster.
Credit: Ben Curtis/Associated Press
A dead donkey lies partially covered by the wind-swept sand near the village of Dala in the Sahel belt of Chad, Friday, April 20, 2012. UNICEF estimates that 127,000 children under five in Chad’s Sahel belt will require lifesaving treatment for severe acute malnutrition this year, with an estimated 1 million expected throughout the wider Sahel region. The organization says the current food and nutrition crisis stems from scarce rainfalls in 2011, which caused poor harvests and livestock production.
Climate change is also a factor in the worsening storms and environmental degradation of coastal South Asia — factors that, when combined with mismanagement and political dysfunction, are putting millions of people at risk. Some have already started to migrate because their ways of living are becoming impossible. In the Indus delta in Pakistan, entire villages have been wiped off the map. Bangladeshis and Indians in the Sundarbans, a vast mangrove forest where the Ganges meets the sea, are heading inland, away from the rising ocean and the increasingly saline farmland.
Bangladesh is expected to be the largest single source of climate refugees, with up to 30 million people at risk. Many end up in slums in cities like Dhaka, Bangladesh’s capital and the world’s fastest-growing megacity. Some 70 percent of Dhaka’s slum dwellers moved there because of environmental degradation, according to the International Organization for Migration.
Migrants and refugees across the world, driven by rapid-onset natural disasters or by a complex combination of the more slow-moving effects of a changing climate, are already putting immense strain on the countries and cities they end up in. A lot of the time locals aren’t happy to see them, and many governments have been caught unprepared and unwilling to take them in.
Already, migrants and refugees across the world are already putting immense strain on the countries and cities where they end up.
In Europe, Hungary is putting up a fence to keep migrants and refugees out. “We don’t want to [live together with Muslims],” Hungary’s prime minister Victor Orban said on Thursday, “and I think we have a right to decide that we do not want a large number of Muslim people in our country.”
Credit: Mark Baker/Associated Press
Detainees sit in a detention center on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, July 23, 2009. Australia came under fire from the U.N. children’s aid agency and human rights advocates June 3, 2011, over its plan to send unaccompanied child asylum seekers to Malaysia under a refugee swap deal.
For the past two years, Australia has deployed its navy to force migrants and asylum-seekers away. The government allegedly bribed one captain more than $30,000 to take his boatload of migrants to Indonesia. Other migrants are being held in detention centers on tiny islands like Nauru, where, according to an Australian Senate committee report, children are sexually abused and guards offer weed in exchange for sex.
As for America, when residents of Kivalina, a Native village in northwestern Alaska that is rapidly disappearing into the ocean, tried to get the government to lend a hand, the response they received was that “there’s no agency set up to address those questions.”
Europe’s handling of the current refugee situation doesn’t bode well for a future in which vulnerable populations fleeing the effects of climate change are again knocking at their doors. Nor does it seem likely that Western countries will embark on the expensive and challenging task of helping at-risk countries prepare, as John Kerry warned we must do. The Western world is facing a lot of tough questions, Zetter said.
“We’ve not faced up to the challenge that we obviously are the emitters, that we are creating climate change, that we are creating this additional pressure on the developmental trajectories that many countries face,” he said.
Here we see try as 99% of European citizens might to keep their small farms free from GMO-----from natural gas fracking-----they are MOVING FORWARD across Western Europe making what is already limited fresh water aquifers drained and contaminated. Europe will look just as does US----now Canada-----TRIBUTE STATE environmental disaster----uninhabitable by end of 21st century. BUT THERE ARE JOBS JOBS JOBS and they pay well today-----where in the world will our 99% of children and grandchildren live if we continue MOVING FORWARD?
Why in the world do we need to extract all of a nations natural energy resources like oil and natural gas all at once? Left social progressives CONSERVE ENERGY RESOURCES and manage them for future generations. Far-right global banking and their 5% to the 1% simply take and use as fast as they can----it takes lots and lots of natural resources of all kinds to fuel super-duper computer technology and massive global corporate campuses and global factories-----LEVEL 5 DEGREE CLIMATE CHANGE MOVING FORWARD as UNITED NATIONS AND WORLD BANK pretend they are working to contain climate change to 2 degree rise. Western Europe will look like Foreign Economic Zones in China----with those billion global 99% citizens brought to work having nowhere left to migrate-----
Here we see our BALTIC NATIONS where land would provide that BREAD BASKET for Europe being filled with fracking, mining, -----Romania/Bulgaria we already showed being used as toxic waste dump filling with Foreign Economic Zone global factories are being devastated and made uninhabitable as is Canada being North America's BREAD BASKET.
Frack to the future
Extracting Europe’s shale gas and oil will be a slow and difficult business
Print edition | BusinessFeb 2nd 2013
SHALE gas and oil are propelling America to energy self-sufficiency and giving its economy a handy boost. Europe’s shale-gas deposits are said almost to match those across the Atlantic (see map). Will the old continent soon enjoy the same benefits?
The mismatch between the hope and reality for European shale gas was neatly summarised by a deal sealed on January 24th that will allow Shell to probe Ukraine for unconventional gas. Ukrainian politicians talked of a $10 billion investment. Shell took a more cautious line. The firm certainly hopes to find plenty of gas in eastern Ukraine. But it will first do some seismic testing and sink 15 test wells. If the results are disappointing it could, like ExxonMobil in Poland, walk away.
It is too early to tell whether Europe’s shale beds will really prove as bountiful as America’s. Only a handful of test wells have been sunk. Exxon may have quit Poland, the country where exploration has gone furthest, but other firms are having more joy. Determining which countries might enjoy a bonanza of cheap gas is highly speculative, a recent report by Deutsche Bank points out: many things are in flux, including extraction technologies and production rates.
Adding to the guesswork is a host of problems “above ground”, particularly in western Europe. With the exception of Britain, which recently lifted a moratorium on test drilling, progress is slow. The French are implacably opposed to shale gas. French environmentalists have taken a particular dislike to “fracking”, the technique for releasing gas from rock beds that uses a cocktail of chemicals, sand and high-pressure water. François Hollande, France’s president, has promised that a fracking ban, imposed by his predecessor, would last for his entire five-year term.
The Netherlands and Luxembourg have also suspended drilling for shale gas. Attempts to do the same in Germany were defeated in parliament in December. But North Rhine-Westphalia, the country’s most promising region for shale gas, suspended fracking last September pending research on the risks involved. In Austria the cost of complying with environmental regulations makes shale gas uneconomic.
Farther east, public disapproval is not as fierce, although the Czech Republic recently introduced a moratorium, Bulgaria has one in place and Romania only recently lifted its ban. Shale gas offers the promise of jobs and revenues. Even more important, it could mitigate the heavy reliance on gas imports from Russia. Indeed, the country signalled its disapproval—and boosted its reputation as an energy bully—as soon as the deal between Shell and Ukraine was signed. It sent its neighbour a bill for $7 billion for unused gas, arguing that Ukraine is contractually obliged to pay for it.
Oil companies will send people and equipment where the ride is easiest and the deals are tastiest, which explains why drilling rigs are scarce in Europe. Nearly 1,200 of them scoot around America’s shale beds; in Poland they number only half a dozen. But even if the welcome mat is rolled out now, it will be a long time before Europe can catch up with America. It may take five years to assess whether shale gas exists in commercial quantities, another five before production starts and then a few more before shale could provide a significant addition to supplies: in short, a fracking long time.
Below we see what was behind ARAB SPRING------there are fresh water aquifers for Foreign Economic Zone global factories in them there hills!
These few decades of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA have brought those African civil unrest/civil wars and population movements not only for global banking to access that oil and mineral deposits---but to position global corporate campuses where fresh water meets the needs of global 1%.
Obama and Clinton neo-liberals with their 5% to the 1% spent those several years over in Africa installing Foreign Economic Zones for global 1% and global banking.
As African global 1% put out the call for global labor pool to come to these Foreign Economic Zones-----PAN AFRICAN 1% are selling the idea of bringing that black diaspora back to Africa for these 50 years. As in China---those African 1% will get extremely rich enslaving 99% of African and global labor pool----and then head to SIBERIAN UTOPIA leaving what will be another billion global citizens on the AFRICAN CONTINENT with absolutely no ability to grow food, no natural resources, or have any fresh water sources.
So, that's 6 billion global citizens being moved to continents slated to be uninhabitable----with global 1% working hard to make land, air, and water that is there TOXIC. WOW----you isolate 6 billion of global citizens in areas feeling climate change the most----that is real population control!
Add to that forced implanted remote control contraceptive microchips to limit or stop reproduction----
WE ARE SURE THIS WILL NOT HAPPEN TO OUR POPULATION GROUP!
As we said----there will be no ability to escape these continents----the goal is depopulation with the great big super-duper BIG DEAD HEAD being that talent and skill a 99% of global citizens have for a global 1% whose only talent is LYING, CHEATING, AND STEALING.
We see NO AFRICAN OR US BLACK citizens fighting to keep what is the last of fresh water for 99% of African citizens---they are all positioning themselves to profiteer from FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES and global factories. REAL LEFT SOCIAL PROGRESSIVES have shouted these few decades how keeping these Foreign Economic Zones and global factories at bay would allow 99% of African citizens fresh water access for centuries------Africa itself is a population of a billion citizens----we know another billion of global labor pool will be brought to Africa to fill Foreign Economic Zone cities------
'Africa Population 2017
Africa is the second-largest and second most populous continent on earth with an estimated population in 2016 of 1.2 billion people'.
"Even in the lowest storage aquifers in semi arid areas with currently very little rainfall, ground water is indicated to have a residence time in the ground of 20 to 70 years." Dr Bonsor said'.
'Huge' water resource exists under Africa
By Matt McGrath Science reporter, BBC World Service
- 20 April 2012
Scientists say the notoriously dry continent of Africa is sitting on a vast reservoir of groundwater.
They argue that the total volume of water in aquifers underground is 100 times the amount found on the surface.
The team have produced the most detailed map yet of the scale and potential of this hidden resource.
Writing in the journal Environmental Research Letters , they stress that large scale drilling might not be the best way of increasing water supplies.
Across Africa more than 300 million people are said not to have access to safe drinking water.
Demand for water is set to grow markedly in coming decades due to population growth and the need for irrigation to grow crops.
Freshwater rivers and lakes are subject to seasonal floods and droughts that can limit their availability for people and for agriculture. At present only 5% of arable land is irrigated.
What is ground water?
When water falls as rain or snow, much of it either flows into rivers or is used to provide moisture to plants and crops. What is left over trickles down to the layers of rock that sit beneath the soil.
And just like a giant sponge, this ground water is held in the spaces between the rocks and in the tiny inter-connected spaces between individual grains in a rock like sandstone.
These bodies of wet rock are referred to as aquifers. Ground water does not sit still in the aquifer but is pushed and pulled by gravity and the weight of water above it.
The movement of the water through the aquifer removes many impurities and it is often cleaner than water on the surface.
Now scientists have for the first time been able to carry out a continent-wide analysis of the water that is hidden under the surface in aquifers. Researchers from the British Geological Survey and University College London (UCL) have mapped in detail the amount and potential yield of this groundwater resource across the continent.
Helen Bonsor from the BGS is one of the authors of the paper. She says that up until now groundwater was out of sight and out of mind. She hopes the new maps will open people's eyes to the potential.
"Where there's greatest ground water storage is in northern Africa, in the large sedimentary basins, in Libya, Algeria and Chad," she said.
"The amount of storage in those basins is equivalent to 75m thickness of water across that area - it's a huge amount."
Due to changes in climate that have turned the Sahara into a desert over centuries many of the aquifers underneath were last filled with water over 5,000 years ago.
The scientists collated their information from existing hydro-geological maps from national governments as well as 283 aquifer studies.
The researchers say their new maps indicate that many countries currently designated as "water scarce" have substantial groundwater reserves.
However, the scientists are cautious about the best way of accessing these hidden resources. They suggest that widespread drilling of large boreholes might not work.
Dr Alan MacDonald of the BGS, lead author of the study, told the BBC: "High-yielding boreholes should not be developed without a thorough understanding of the local groundwater conditions.
"Appropriately sited and developed boreholes for low yielding rural water supply and hand pumps are likely to be successful."
With many aquifers not being filled due to a lack of rain, the scientists are worried that large-scale borehole developments could rapidly deplete the resource.
Image caption African water supplies may be more resilient to climate change than was thought According to Helen Bonsor, sometimes the slower means of extraction can be more efficient.
"Much lower storage aquifers are present across much of sub-Saharan Africa," she explained.
"However, our work shows that with careful exploring and construction, there is sufficient groundwater under Africa to support low yielding water supplies for drinking and community irrigation."
The scientists say that there are sufficient reserves to be able to cope with the vagaries of climate change.
"Even in the lowest storage aquifers in semi arid areas with currently very little rainfall, ground water is indicated to have a residence time in the ground of 20 to 70 years." Dr Bonsor said.
"So at present extraction rates for drinking and small scale irrigation for agriculture groundwater will provide and will continue to provide a buffer to climate variability."
The publication of the new map was welcomed by the UK's secretary of state for international development, Andrew Mitchell.
"This is an important discovery," he said. "This research, which the British Government has funded, could have a profound effect on some of the world's poorest people, helping them become less vulnerable to drought and to adapt to the impact of climate change."
Here is the last look at global population migration public policy ------and it will involve the loss of A BILLION GLOBAL 99% OF CITIZENS-----from wars coming after this economic crash and economic collapse. Most global citizens understand the hype of GLOBAL MEDIA Russia vs America-----China vs former neo-liberal Foreign Economic Zone Asian nations-----is all about bringing another WORLD WAR involving Eastern Europe, Asia, and Middle-East leading to NEW WORLD ORDER re-mapping of these regions. We know those global 1% in each of these nations want these wars---they want these NEW WORLD ORDER mapping----and they want to be those global 1% heading to SIBERIAN UTOPIAN ECO-DOMES leaving behind those 99% in each nation.
Between civil war in US ------the FAILED STATE/NARCO STATE US cities deemed Foreign Economic Zones with FAKE ALT RIGHT AND ALT LEFT ----and this massive WW3 across Europe, Asia, Middle-East---will end with ANOTHER BILLION OF GLOBAL CITIZENS DEAD. That total with the 6 billion of global citizens migrating to continents set to be isolated and left uninhabitable during climate change---VOILA----THERE GOES 7 BILLION of what is today 7-9 billion global citizens.
Make no mistake----all these NEW WORLD ORDER MOVING FORWARD FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE global labor pool migrations have this goal ------who in the world will be able to access a SIBERIAN ECO-DOME FOR ONLY THE GLOBAL 1%? Well, with robotics and artificial intelligence those global 1% will not only lock that door---but they will be looking for ways to get rid of the other 1%.
After WW 2 and the great migration of European citizens as military and as victims of war ------that mass movement ended with most citizens having survived simply remaining where they were to rebuild lives and families. We will see WW 3 moving masses of citizens away from these SIBERIAN/NORDIC regions.
This Is What World War III Will Look Like
P.W. Singer and August Cole
Jun 30, 2015
P.W. Singer is Strategist at New America and August Cole is a Nonresident Fellow at the Atlantic Council. They are the co-authors of Ghost Fleet: A Novel of the Next World War.U.S. and Chinese warships battle at sea, firing everything from cannons to cruise missiles to lasers. Stealthy Russian and American fighter jets dogfight in the air, with robotic drones flying as their wingmen. Hackers in Shanghai and Silicon Valley duel in digital playgrounds. And fights in outer space decide who wins below on Earth. Are theses scenes from a novel or what could actually take place in the real world the day after tomorrow? The answer is both.
Great power conflicts defined the 20th century: Two world wars claimed tens of millions of lives, and the Cold War that followed shaped everything from geopolitics to sports. But at the start of the 21st century, the ever-present fear of World War III seemed to be in our historic rearview mirror.
Yet that risk of the past has made a dark comeback. Russian land grabs in Ukraine and constant flights of bombers decorated with red stars probing Europe’s borders have put NATO at its highest levels of alert since the mid 1980s. In the Pacific, the U.S. and a newly powerful and assertive China are engaged in a massive arms race. China built more warships and warplanes than any other nation during the last several years, while the Pentagon just announced a strategy to “offset” it with a new generation of high-tech weapons. Indeed, it's likely China’s alleged recent hack of federal records at the Office of Personnel Management was not about cyber crime, but a classic case of what is known as “preparing the battlefield,” gaining access to government databases and personal records just in case.
The worry is that the brewing 21 st century Cold War with China and its junior partner Russia could at some point turn hot. “A U.S.-China war is inevitable” recently warned the Communist Party’s official People’s Daily newspaper after recent military face-offs over rights of passage and artificial islands built in disputed territory. This may be a bit of posturing both for U.S. policymakers and a highly nationalist domestic audience: A 2014 poll by the Perth U.S.-Asia center found that 74% of Chinese think their military would win in a war with the U.S. But it points to how the global context is changing. Many Chinese officers have begun to lament out loud what they call “peace disease,” their term for never having served in combat.
Wars start through any number of pathways: One world war happened through deliberate action, the other was a crisis that spun out of control. In the coming decades, a war might ignite accidentally, such as by two opposing warships trading paint near a reef not even marked on a nautical chart. Or it could slow burn and erupt as a reordering of the global system in the late 2020s, the period at which China’s military build up is on pace to match the U.S.
Making either scenario more of a risk is that military planners and political leaders on all sides assume their side would be the one to win in a “short” and “sharp” fight, to use common phrases. It would be anything but.
A great power conflict would be quite different from the small wars of today that the U.S. has grow accustomed to and, in turn, others think reveal a new American weakness. Unlike the Taliban or even Saddam’s Iraq, great powers can fight across all the domains; the last time the U.S. fought a peer in the air or at sea was in 1945. But a 21st century fight would also see battles for control of two new domains.
The lifeblood of military communications and control now runs through space, meaning we’d see humankind’s first battles for the heavens. Similarly, we’d learn “cyber war” is far more than stealing Social Security Numbers or e-mail from gossipy Hollywood executives, but the takedown of the modern military nervous system and Stuxnet-style digital weapons. Worrisome for the U.S. is that last year, the Pentagon’s weapons tester found nearly every single major weapons program had “significant vulnerabilities” to cyber attack.
A total mindshift is required for this new reality. In every fight since 1945, U.S. forces have been a generation ahead in technology, having uniquely capable weapons like nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. It has not always translated to decisive victories, but it has been an edge every other nation wants. Yet U.S. forces can’t count on that “overmatch” in the future. These platforms are not just vulnerable to new classes of weapons like long-range missiles, but China, for example, overtook the EU in R&D spending last year and is on pace to match the U.S. within five years, with new projects ranging from the world’s fastest supercomputers to three different long-range drone-strike programs. And now off-the-shelf technologies can be bought to rival even the most advanced tools in the U.S. arsenal. The winner of a recent robotics test, for instance, was not a U.S. defense contractor but a group of South Korea student engineers.
An array of science-fiction-like technologies would likely make their debut in such a war, from AI battle management systems to autonomous robotics. But unlike the ISIS's of the world, great powers can also go after high-tech’s new vulnerabilities, such as by hacking systems and knocking down GPS. The recent steps taken by the U.S. Naval Academy illustrate where things might be headed. It added a cybersecurity major to develop a new corps of digital warriors, and also requires all midshipmen learn celestial navigation, for when the high tech inevitably runs into the age old fog and friction of war.
While many leaders on both sides think any clash might be geographically contained to the straights of Taiwan or the edge of the Baltic, these technological and tactical shifts mean such a conflict is more likely to reach into each side’s homelands in new ways. Just as the Internet reshaped our notions of borders, so too would a war waged partly online.
The civilian players would also be different than those in 1941. The hub of any war economy wouldn’t be Detroit. Instead, tech geeks in Silicon Valley and shareholders in Bentonville, Ark., would wrestle with everything from microchip shortages to how to retool the logistics and allegiance of a multinational company. The new forms of civilian conflict actors like Blackwater private military firms or Anonymous hacktivist groups are unlikely to just sit out the fight.
A Chinese officer argued in a regime paper, “We must bear a third world war in mind when developing military forces.” But there is a far different attitude in Washington’s defense circles. As the U.S. Chief of Naval Operations worried last year, “If you talk about it openly, you cross the line and unnecessarily antagonize. You probably have a sense about how much we trade with that country, it’s astounding.”
This is true, but both the historic trading patterns between great powers before each of the last world wars and the risky actions and heated rhetoric out of Moscow and Beijing over the last year demonstrate it is no longer useful to avoid talking about the great power rivalries of the 21st century and the dangers of them getting out of control. We need to acknowledge the real trends in motion and the real risks that loom, so that we can take mutual steps to avoid the mistakes that could create such an epic fail of deterrence and diplomacy. That way we can keep the next world war where it belongs, in the realm of fiction.
We don't want to forget where our 5% and those 2% global banking players will be in these great migrations. We are sure those 5% to the 1% are going under the bus in this decade or two of US, European, and African Foreign Economic Zone development-----all those billions in incoming global labor pool will bring lots of NEW SHOW ME THE MONEY AND WE WILL DO ANYTHING WE ARE TOLD players-----so CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA global 1% ROBBER BARON POLS AND PLAYERS and their families if they have them will simply be those billions of 99% off-shored to uninhabitable continents.
Our global 2% who are often extended family members of those OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE GLOBAL 1%----those CARROLL, CALVERT, LORD BALTIMORE American colonial governors of COLONIAL MARYLAND will be those sent first to establish our planetary mining colonies on one ASTEROID OR ANOTHER. The thing about extreme wealth coming to fewer and fewer global families is that those citizens making up the primary family want to be rid of those pesky WANNABEs======planetary space colonization will start with the moon------it will go to MARS and this is expected to fall during this same 50 year window ending the 21st century. The SIBERIAN UTOPIA ECO-DOME FOR ONLY THE GLOBAL 1% will take lots and lots of rare earth minerals we already no are in short supply on EARTH so our GEEKS AND GENIUSES building SUPER-DUPER BIG DEAD HEADS will be the first needed as planetary governors---
YOU MEAN THE ENTIRE GREEK AND FREEMASON 5% TO THE 1% FROM IVY LEAGUES OF LAST CENTURY? YOU BETCHA!
How would human colonies on other planets be governed?
Prajwal Niraula, Master's Student at Wesleyan University
Answered Sep 27 2016
Initially space colonization would involve experiments, terraforming, and then possibly habitation. These efforts will surely be an international effort from countries around the world. Hence, an agreement of some sort has to be reached, similar to ones we have in Antarctica, but that will allow greater degree of collaboration as help to the colonies would be really hard to come from the Earth. Slowly as the colonies grow bigger, there would be a need for independent from the Earth, as it was for America.
This whole process would possibly take 500 years and there is a great amount of uncertainty shrouding it. However, the process of space colonization would be similar to colonization we have already seen, only it will happen slower, and we would need better technologies. There is sure to be struggle for power, a need for independence and international collaboration to begin the process itself.
Is the global 1% sending WE THE PEOPLE THE 99% off to planetary mining colonies for our own human existence----are they just thinking of us? We would not need to go to other planets IF CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA had not existed. We do not need to mine planets and meteors if SMART CITIES/ONE WORLD ONE ENERGY/TECHNOLOGY GRID does not exist. We have all the natural resources for a global 99% to live RIGHT NOW if we STOP MOVING FORWARD and build sustainability for the 99% by ending SUSTAINABILITY FOR GLOBAL CORPORATE CAMPUSES AND GLOBAL 1%.
‘By 2050 we’ll have colonies and habitats on the surface of Mars’ – An interview with asteroid miner Chris Lewicki
by Jonathan O'Callaghan, 12 June 2013
We spoke to the President and Chief Engineer of Planetary Resources about their plans to create a new trillion-dollar space industry.
How did you get involved with Planetary Resources?
I’m an aerospace engineer and I spent the first 10 years of my career working for NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. During that time I was the flight director when we landed the Spirit and Opportunity rovers on Mars and I was the mission manager for the Phoenix lander, which landed on the Mars pole in 2008. And right around the time when we were finishing up that mission my old friends Eric Anderson and Peter Diamandis talked to me about the company they were starting, Planetary Resources. I thought the world was ready for this idea, the time was right, and was very excited about getting involved.
Why is asteroid mining so important?
The mission of the company is to expand the economic sphere of influence off the surface of the planet and into the Solar System. Our space exploration for the last 50 years has been primarily government activities in exploration and science, and maybe even at the start in politics in terms of the space race. And that’s not really sustainable in the long term. We see near-Earth asteroids as being key to unlocking the Solar System and helping to have a permanent human presence in space.
What resources are most valuable?
Asteroids have a wide variety of resources, from materials that can be used in fuel out to precious metals. So that is a long-term interest. In the near term the first resource that will be available for use in space is the very simple molecule of water. Water is the essence of life, it is of course important for humans and plants to support us, but in space it takes on another dimension in that it can be used to shield us from the harmful effects of radiation.
Planetary Resources’ Arkyd prospecting telescope will launch in 2015.
Why is water so useful?
A metre of water has as much protective power as the entire atmosphere does on Earth. Water is present on carbonaceous asteroids and in some cases it as much as 20% of their weight, and this water may exist as just frozen water from ice. And also you can take the molecules of water, the H2O, and break it into hydrogen and oxygen, and then you have the most efficient chemical propulsion fuel that is theoretically possible, the same fuel that of course launched all the Space Shuttles into space.
What are you guys working on day-to-day?
All of mining starts with prospecting and learning more about the resources that are out there. We have a very experienced spacecraft development team here in Bellevue [Washington, USA] of about 40 engineers, many of whom like me have spent parts of their careers working with NASA. We have several members who helped put Spirit, Opportunity, Sojourner, Pathfinder and even Curiosity on the surface of Mars. And now we’re working on the prospecting technology, the robotic geologists that we will send out to the asteroids to do this prospecting.
How have other asteroid exploration missions helped with your plans?
JAXA’s Hayabusa is an excellent example of a previous mission that has really just done spectacular things. It was a relatively low cost mission done by the Japanese space agency to the smallest asteroid we’ve yet visited, 25143 Itokawa, and even through they only brought back a tiny sample it was enough to understand the formation history of Itokawa. The Japanese have another mission in the works with Hayabusa 2 and the USA has its OSIRIS-Rex mission [in 2016], and these missions have really laid the groundwork and have done the parts of the science that is necessary for companies like ours to be able to use that information and take it further.
Planetary Resources plans to eventually use teams of autonomous rovers to extract resources from asteroids.
Missions like NASA’s upcoming OSIRIS-Rex in 2016 are quite expensive. How will you lower the costs to make asteroid mining feasible?
OSIRIS-Rex is a billion dollar mission, and it’s done in a fairly traditional way in how missions have been done over time. It’s got a very large team, and it’s got a very intricate and complex science mission. That is something that drives the cost up. When we look at this from a commercial standpoint we can do things for prospecting an asteroid and learning about the resources that in the early days don’t require bringing a sample back, which is very expensive. And additionally we see the possibility to do these missions with substantially fewer people. We actually think that within the next 10 years we’ll be able to send missions out to asteroids for as cheap as just a few million dollars each.
How will things progress in the next few decades?
We really see these resources as being central to every activity that we plan on doing in space in future. I think certainly by 2050 we’ll be well beyond just finding asteroids, we’ll be on the surface of the Moon, we’ll have colonies and habitats on the surface of Mars, and we’ll really be able not only to develop resources of the asteroids but resources of the rest of space. We’ll look back in time just as we do with aviation today and wonder how the world got along before that happened.
The following is an excerpt from our full interview with ESA astronaut André Kuipers that will be printed in All About Space issue 12, on sale 2 May 2012
For those watching TV series FRIENDS----the lovable PHOEBE BUFFAY----and her endless cast of boyfriends---one being that social misfit PHYSICIST ----who had to choose between staying with PHOEBE or going to MINSK----he of course chose MINSK.
As Robber Baron few decades of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA moved tens of trillions of dollars from our Western developed nations of Europe, US, Canada-----we KNOW they are building that SIBERIAN ECO-DOME COLONY FOR ONLY THOSE OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE GLOBAL 1%.
Looks like HOLLYWOOD was thinking MOON MINING back in Clinton era----1990s-------------
'Origin of the name Phoebe:
Feminine form of the Greek Phoibos (bright one), which is derived from phoibos (bright). Phoebe is found in Greek mythology as a name for Artemis, the goddess of the moon. In poetry, Phoebe is the moon personified'.
We have a SHIP OF GLOBAL 1% FOOLS painting themselves into an existence of survival at the top of EARTH inside a DOME filled with LYING, CHEATING, STEALING global 1% families----WOW we would not want to be in THAT ECO-DOME.
Cities of the Future: The Domed City of Mir
by Mark Ball Jan 13, 2013
There are many reasons to build an enormous domed city – warmth, environmental sustainability, protection from the elements, pollution, radiation, flesh eating viruses, and the desire to establish a socialist dictatorship in which citizens are ritually slaughtered at the age of 35 and all decisions are made by an intelligent but emotionless supercomputer – but we only really need one reason to make this science fiction idea a possibility; it would be really cool. Of course, when plans were unveiled for the potential building of a domed city in one of Siberia’s enormous abandoned diamond mines, we all knew that the Russians had a different purpose in mind; to make Americans jealous.
The site of the proposed domed city is the former Mir diamond mine in the small town of Mirny, Siberia. The opencast mine has been described as one of the biggest holes in the world, with a diameter of 3,900 feet and a depth of 1,722 feet. At it’s height (back in the 1960’s), the Mir mine was the largest and most productive diamond mine in the world, but digging stopped in 2011 when the pit eventually ran dry. That’s when this massive hole in the ground came to the attention of construction company AB Elise, who began making plans to convert it into a luxury living space and experimental city of the future.
The plan entails building an enormous glass dome over the mouth of the pit, lining its terraced walls with luxury apartments, and fulling the central area with parks, an oxygen producing arboretum, and an eco-friendly and space saving ‘vertical farm’. Rather uncreatively named ‘Eco City 2020’, the dome and ditch would provide homes for as many as 100,000 residents, be self-sufficient and eco-friendly, and – most importantly of all in the Siberian winter – warm.
The key to the ambitious design is apparently in the strong Siberian sun. Photo-voltaic cells built into the dome would provide all the electricity the city would need, while light would be channeled through the city’s central core into its lower levels where the oxygen producing forests and farms, and other utilities, would be located. In the larger upper section of the city, residents would enjoy a relatively constant, warm temperature compared to the biting cold of the Siberian seasons, and would be free to enjoy the magnificent parks and gardens all year round (unless the dome gets covered with snow, that is).
Unfortunately, the proposed city of the future has so far remained just that – a proposal – and no plans have yet been made to begin construction. Will this ambitious project ever get the green light? So far it seems doubtful. It all depends on whether the Russian government can be convinced that attracting tourists to the region is possible, which it probably isn’t. Let’s hope they change their minds; when the end comes we’ll be counting on the Russians to preserve our species and protect the post-nuclear remnant from the hideously deformed savages that inhabit the wastelands beyond the bio-dome.
WE THE PEOPLE THE 99% black, white, and brown citizens have known these several years of OBAMA there was no economic recovery -----unemployment soared----and we have shown over and again that unemployment for US citizens is above 50% and will climb to 80% next decade----above 90% in two decades. We know the jobs filled already too few were going to global labor pool ----
Baby boomers are NOT RETIRING----most boomers are aware that pensions, 401Ks, Social Security, and Medicare were all thrown under the bus during OBAMA ---with Clinton neo-liberal US TREASURY bond frauds-----it is these growing unemployed US citizens who will be those EX-PATS sent to Foreign Economic Zones overseas---no doubt on a continent slated to become UNINHABITABLE.
We are shouting not only to US 99% of citizens--but global 99% of citizens----we have more power to stop and reverse MOVING FORWARD as sovereign citizens---please be careful and research before being sent overseas for employment.
What 'are so many of them doing?'
95 million not in US labor force
Jeff Cox | @JeffCoxCNBCcom
Published 12:58 PM ET Fri, 2 Dec 2016 | Updated 2:11 PM ET Fri, 2 Dec 2016
The November jobs report looked pretty good on the surface except for one number that popped off the page: 95 million.
That's the number of Americans now counted as not in the labor force, a historic high that has confounded economists and policymakers. The total — 95.06 million to be more exact — has been rising consistently but surged by a gaudy 446,000 last month.
The jump occurred as the U.S. economy added 178,000 jobs and the headline unemployment rate dropped sharply.
Explaining the consistent increase in those leaving the labor force is complicated, with factors divided between an aging and rapidly retiring workforce, a skills gap that leaves job openings unfilled, and the nettlesome problem of too many people who find it's just easier to collect welfare and other transfer payments rather than go back to work.
"WTF are so many of them doing?" Peter Boockvar, chief market analyst at The Lindsey Group, said in a note after the nonfarm payrolls report. Boockvar used a crude online expression that nicely sums up the continued frustration with America's shrinking labor force.
In a subsequent interview, he acknowledged the issue is many pronged and poses a long-term obstacle for economic growth.
"It's a combination. There's no question a lot of them are retirees," Boockvar said. "No one wants to say, 'I want to get fired and sit on my butt.' But when people do lose their jobs, they're not being incentivized enough to go back to work compared to the benefits they get by not being at work."
Indeed, the U.S. saw an explosion in benefits during the Great Recession that has receded only mildly during the recovery.
For example, the level of those enrolled in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program — food stamps — has remained elevated even with an economic expansion that is nearly 7 ½ years old. SNAP recipients totaled 33.5 million in 2009, the year the recession ended. In 2016, the number is at 45.3 million. The government shelled out $74 billion in benefits last year, about double the level of 2008.
Taken together, the numbers show that there's more to meets the eye than a headline unemployment rate of 4.6 percent, the lowest since August 2007. Because that number ignores those not in the labor force, as well as workers at part-time jobs for economic reasons, it doesn't tell the whole story. A broader jobless measure is at 9.3 percent.
"I have a problem with people saying we're at full employment," said Dan North, chief economist at Euler Hermes North America, a trade credit insurance company. "We have a record 95 million people sitting on the sidelines. To me, that's hardly full employment."
The structural issue is what North calls the "silver tsunami of retirees" or those 10,000 baby boomers a day leaving the workforce and heading for retirement.
But that's only one more part of the problem. Another big issue is the skills gap for employers struggling to find workers to fill positions.
Job openings in September were at 5.5 million, though hires were at just 5.1 million, according to the Labor Department.
"Employers have lots of jobs open but can't find the right people to fill them. That's certainly a part of it as well," North said.
Companies are trying to be creative in that respect. Some strategies they are employing include reducing prerequisites for jobs — allowing, say, associate degree holders for jobs that formerly required bachelor's or master's degrees — while also focusing on job training and flexible hours.
That carries its own risk by allowing workers with a steeper learning curve on the job. But the current labor force condition is mandating innovative solutions, and compromises.
"It's a great thing for the candidate that's getting an opportunity, especially for the millennial who's interested in career growth and job changes every couple of years. For the employers, it's good in a sense to seek a new perspective from the labor pool," said Amy Glaser, senior vice president at Adecco Staffing, a recruitment and workforce solutions firm. "From a change management perspective, it's really difficult for the employer. It requires a lot of patience, creativity and open minds to look at things."
Glaser believes the various factors at play aren't going to go away anytime soon.
"There's not a quick fix," she said.