THE GOALS OF MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE FOR ONLY THE GLOBAL 1% DOES NOT KILL THESE EUGENICS THOUGHTS----IT DECLARES THE GLOBAL 99% ACROSS ALL POPULATION GROUPS AS 'THE ENEMY'.
GMO HUMANS has a goal of eliminating from our brain DNA and chemistry all that separates humans from primates======eliminating that evolutionary structure allowing our connection to emotions, feelings of compassion we tie to our religious beliefs.
As always HOLLYWOOD partnered with global banking always give us FADS to move society towards thinking of these goals. PLANET OF APES came out in 1970s as GMO HUMAN research was gaining speed. Below we see a picture of ordinary humans---of course they are our 99% white citizens because OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS are European here in US----we see global banking 1% trying to make one population group feel as winners in MOVING FORWARD GMO HUMANS---it will be the other population groups taken by GENETIC MANIPULATION---and that is FAKE.
Many of our US and global 99% think these movies are about winners and losers in race or religion----naturally thinking EUGENICS they think it is the other who will be APES----when in fact the goal is ELIMINATING ALL NATURAL HUMANS black,white, and brown 99%.
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Published on Aug 8, 2013
Rise of the Planet of the Apes is a revolution; an action-packed epic featuring stunning visual effects and creatures unlike anything ever seen before. At the story's heart is Caesar (Andy Serkis), a chimpanzee who gains human-like intelligence and emotions from an experimental drug. Raised like a child by the drug's creator (James Franco), Caesar ultimately finds himself taken from the humans he loves and imprisoned. Seeking justice, Caesar assembles a simian army and escapes -- putting man and primate on a collision course that could change the planet forever.
Remember, our scientists as humanists often still believed in a GOD-----as a super-majority of our US citizens do no matter how much national media sells the idea we are all becoming GODLESS.
Introduction to Eugenics
Eugenics is a movement that is aimed at improving the genetic composition of the human race. Historically, eugenicists advocated selective breeding to achieve these goals. Today we have technologies that make it possible to more directly alter the genetic composition of an individual. However, people differ in their views on how to best (and ethically) use this technology.
History of Eugenics
Logo of the Second International Congress of Eugenics, 1921. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
In 1883, Sir Francis Galton, a respected British scholar and cousin of Charles Darwin, first used the term eugenics, meaning “well-born.” Galton believed that the human race could help direct its future by selectively breeding individuals who have “desired” traits. This idea was based on Galton’s study of upper class Britain. Following these studies, Galton concluded that an elite position in society was due to a good genetic makeup. While Galton’s plans to improve the human race through selective breeding never came to fruition in Britain, they eventually took sinister turns in other countries.
The eugenics movement began in the U.S. in the late 19th century. However, unlike in Britain, eugenicists in the U.S. focused on efforts to stop the transmission of negative or “undesirable” traits from generation to generation. In response to these ideas, some US leaders, private citizens, and corporations started funding eugenical studies. This lead to the 1911 establishment of The Eugenics Records Office (ERO) in Cold Spring Harbor, New York. The ERO spent time tracking family histories and concluded that people deemed to be unfit more often came from families that were poor, low in social standing, immigrant, and/or minority. Further, ERO researchers “demonstrated” that the undesirable traits in these families, such as pauperism, were due to genetics, and not lack of resources.
Committees were convened to offer solutions to the problem of the growing number of “undesirables” in the U.S. population. Stricter immigration rules were enacted, but the most ominous resolution was a plan to sterilize “unfit” individuals to prevent them from passing on their negative traits. During the 20th century, a total of 33 states had sterilization programs in place. While at first sterilization efforts targeted mentally ill people exclusively, later the traits deemed serious enough to warrant sterilization included alcoholism, criminality chronic poverty, blindness, deafness, feeble-mindedness, and promiscuity. It was also not uncommon for African American women to be sterilized during other medical procedures without consent. Most people subjected to these sterilizations had no choice, and because the program was run by the government, they had little chance of escaping the procedure. It is thought that around 65,000 Americans were sterilized during this time period.
The eugenics movement in the U.S. slowly lost favor over time and was waning by the start of World War II. When the horrors of Nazi Germany became apparent, as well as Hitler’s use of eugenic principles to justify the atrocities, eugenics lost all credibility as a field of study or even an ideal that should be pursued.
What we have seen in MOVING FORWARD CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA and the far-right wing global banking 1% march to controlling all the world's food, water, and energy sources----HENRY KISSINGER'S/NIXON'S GOALS OF ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE----from the 1970s----growing during REAGAN 1980s-----super-sized during CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA---is this MASTER PLAN-----where only the global 1% are EUGENICALLY SUPERIOR----EXCEPTIONAL as Obama and national media keep telling 99% of WE THE PEOPLE. We are being told global banking 1% are manufacturing this MASTER RACE of humans---when in fact the goals of DAN BROWN ORIGIN is to kill the natural human race---and replace it with artificial intelligence and robotics. GMO HUMANS will not be human------genetic manipulation of today's humans is simply a stage in eliminating natural humans.
Remember, we KNOW scientifically that genetic manipulations done these few decades in humans always seem to DISRUPTIVE EVOLUTION-----our human reproductive abilities. The goals of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA and global 1% UNITED NATIONS is to eliminate the ability of natural humans to reproduce----black, white, and brown claiming themselves as EXCEPTIONAL ----a different twist to EUGENICS----not a master race----simply the super-rich.
Global banking 1% having only the talent of lying, cheating, stealing, no morals, no ethics, no Rule of Law, no GOD'S NATURAL LAW are those SOCIOPATHS ---brain chemistry and structure allowing nihilism----those global 1% finding that 5% sociopath want to MOVE FORWARD making all 99% of citizens those barbaric, savage animals void of evolved human emotion and compassion. DARWIN'S natural evolution allowed for thousands of years for what civilized people labelled sociopathic------what MOVING FORWARD has as goal is DISRUPTIVE EVOLUTION manufacturing a 99% having those sociopathic traits......this is global banking 1% EUGENICS.
Genetics Are the New Eugenics: How GMO’s Reduce the Human Population
Sun 9:43 pm UTC, 26 Feb 2017
posted by Gordon
By F. William Engdahl
Global Research, February 25, 2017
Katehon 22 February 2017The following is from an interview transcript
Last year, we had a series of mergers in the agribusiness’ GMO-corporations worldwide. This has created an alarming concentration of corporate power in the hands of basically three corporate groups.
The first one is Bayer AG of Germany, which made a friendly takeover of Monsanto. The reason for this was that Monsanto became identified in the public mind as pure evil and everything bad about GMO’s, which was accurate. This became a burden on the whole GMO project. So, Bayer stepped in, which has a friendly image of an aspirin, harmless, nice company, but in fact is the company that invented heroin in the 1880’s and made gas for the ovens of Auschwitz during WWII. It’s one of the dirtiest agribusiness companies in the world with a series of homicides and pesticides that killed off bee colonies and many other things that are essential to life and to nature.
Flickr.com/Miran Rijavec (public domain)
ChemChina – China State Chemical giant – for some reason took over Swiss Syngenta, which makes weed-killers.
Then, Dow Chemicals and DuPont merged their GMO businesses together.
So, we have three gigantic corporate groups worldwide controlling the genetically-modified part of the human food chain. As dangerous as the GMO crops are and the more they sell, it is becoming more and more obvious that they are the chemicals that by contract must be applied to those GMO seeds by the corporations. They demand that if you buy roundup ready soybeans or corn, you must use Monsanto (now Bayer) roundup.
Therefore, this is giving more corporate power to the GMO industry than ever before and that’s an alarming trend. They are putting pressure on the bureaucracy in Brussels. One example: there was a massive public campaign against the renewal of the license of the European Commission for Glyphosate. Glyphosate is the most widely used weed-killer in the world. Glyphosate is the main ingredient in Monsanto’s roundup. The other ingredients are Monsanto’s corporate secret, but the combination of them is one of the most deadly weed-killers.
The World Health Organization’s body responsible for assessing genetic dangers made a ruling the last year that Glyphosate was a probable cancer-causing agent.
The license came up for automatic renewal last year – a 15-year license. The EU commission for health was prepared to automatically renew it for 15 years. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), which is responsible allegedly for the health and safety of European citizens, recommended approval based on a German study by the German Food Safety Agency that was simply lifted 100% from studies given by the private corporation Monsanto! So, the whole chain was corrupt from the beginning and all the information was rigged. In reality tests have shown that in minuscule concentrations, lower than in recommended levels in Europe and in the US, Glyphosate causes kidney disease, liver disease, and other illnesses that are potentially fatal.
Now, Glyphosate has shown up in urine tests, in urban drinking water, in gardens, in ground water and so forth. And that gets into the system of childbearing women, for example, with embryo. It’s all in this!
The EU commission, despite a million petitions – this is a record setting – and despite recommendations from leading scientists around the world to not renew the license, made a compromise under huge industry pressure and renewed it for 18 months. Why did they renew it for that time? Because at the end of 18 months, they were told by Bayer and Monsanto that the takeover of those two giant corporations will be completed and Bayer is going to replace Glyphosate with another, likely more deadly toxin, but not so well-known as Glyphosate. So, they simply bought time. And that is just one example.
This agenda of GMO is not about the health and safety; it’s not about increasing crop yields – that’s a lie that has been proven in repeated tests in North America and all around the world. Crop yields for farmers, using GMO plants, may increase slightly for the first 1-2 harvest years, but ultimately decline after 3-4 years. And not only that! We’ve been promised by Monsanto and other GMO giants that the use of chemicals will be less, because of these “wonderful” traits that GMO plants resist. In fact, the weeds become resistant and you have super weeds, which are 5-6 feet in a height and choke out everything. It’s a catastrophe. So, farmers end up using added weed killers to kill the super weeds. This whole mad playing around with the genetic makeup of nature is a disaster from the beginning.
The real agenda of GMO, which I have documented in great detail in my book “Seeds of Destruction”, comes from the Rockefeller Foundation. It comes out of the 1920s-1930s Eugenics movement. The Rockefeller Foundation during the 1930’s, right up to the outbreak of World War II when it became politically embracing too, financed the Nazi Eugenics experiments of Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin and in Munich. Why did they do this? Their goal was the elimination of what they called “undesirable eaters”. That is called population reduction.
After the war, the head of the American Eugenic Society, who was a good friend of John D. Rockefeller, at the annual conference of the American Eugenic Society said: “From today, the new name of eugenics is genetics”. Moreover, if you keep that in mind – genetic engineering, the Human Genome Project and so forth – they all are scientific frauds. Russian scientists have proven that the entire Genome Project utterly disregarded 98% of the scientifically valuable data in favor of 2% that was completely nonsense and a waste of billions of dollars.
Therefore, they have been obsessed with the idea of how to reduce human population in a way that would not be so obvious as simply going out and carrying out mass-sterilization.
Actually, they have done that in Central America together with the World Health Organization by giving certain vaccines that they cooked-up to have abortive effects. Therefore, the women of child-bearing age in Central America were given these vaccines against tetanus. The organization of the Catholic Church became suspicious because the shots were given only to women, not to men. And they found that there was buried in the vaccine an abortive effect that made it impossible for women to conceive and bear children. This is all covert population reduction.
These are the Western patriarchs who believe they are the gods, sitting on the throne with great dignity, controlling mankind. I think they are a bunch of fools, but they have this agenda of genetic manipulation. It’s against nature, it’s chemically unstable. And I have to congratulate the Russian Federation that they had the courage and the moral concern for their own population to ban GMO cultivation across Russia. That was a step forward for mankind. I would hope that Russia will use its influence to get China to do the similar thing, because their agriculture is in dire need of some healthy Russian input. But this step by Russia to make a GMO-free agriculture is a great step for mankind.
Let's be clear about goals of RUSSIA being anti-GMO----the goal of ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE for only the global 1% with CLIMATE CHANGE and ENDLESS ENVIRONMENTAL and natural resource devastation ----it to have GLOBAL 1% Asian, Arabic, European living in these SIBERIAN/Russian regions---THAT is why Russia is anti-GMO. RUSSIA and Putin same global banking player as CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMBA----as Asian and Arabic global 1%.
GLOBAL RESEARCH IS GLOBAL BANKING MEDIA------
GMO FOODS was always that KISSINGER-----control the world's food control 99% of world citizens---and MONSANTO has indeed nearly eliminated all the world's natural seeds-----and MONSANTO seeds have created havoc on both crop failures, soil sterilization, and are thought to induce GATEWAY MEDICINE----public health disease vectors.
GMO HUMANS will indeed have that same goal. National media and those dastardly 5% to the 1% pols and players leading 'LABOR AND JUSTICE' organizations sell populist goals in medical care---that are NOT going to be received to the 99%. We KNOW biogenetics will bring some good medical discoveries----organ transplants are keeping people alive longer---but fewer and fewer global 99% are accessing that GOOD MEDICINE. We are progressively receiving the BAD side of GMO HUMANS.
Designer medicine--------technology driven GMO research towards cures of disease vectors or extension of longevity has never been thought to be dispersed to general public---the goals of AFFORDABLE CARE ACT and the goals of UNITED NATIONS HEALTH CARE FOR ALL----is creating barriers to this access by allowing only PREVENTATIVE CARE to 99% black, white, and brown citizens.
AS GOLDMAN SACHS SAYS-----CURING PATIENTS IS NOT A CORPORATE SUSTAINABLE MODEL--CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY IS ABOUT MAXIMIZED PROFITS AND GLOBAL 1% POWER.
Here we have that use of REVOLUTION------the ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE revolution for only the global 1%-----is what national media sells as our left POPULIST--------OUR REVOLUTION.........please stop allowing 5% alt right alt left freemason/Greeks doing anything they are told be called POPULIST LEADERS...these folks are living for today not caring what our children and grandchildren will face
"Is curing patients a sustainable business model?" analysts ask in an April 10 report entitled "The Genome Revolution."
THE GENOME REVOLUTION is the far-right wing global banking 1% just as was THE GREEN CORPORATION REVOLUTION----killing our Earth's natural evolutionary environment.
Goldman Sachs asks in biotech research report: 'Is curing patients a sustainable business model?'
Tae Kim | @firstadopter
Published 3:15 PM ET Wed, 11 April 2018 Updated 7:20 PM ET Wed, 11 April 2018
Goldman Sachs analysts attempted to address a touchy subject for biotech companies, especially those involved in the pioneering "gene therapy" treatment: cures could be bad for business in the long run.
"Is curing patients a sustainable business model?" analysts ask in an April 10 report entitled "The Genome Revolution."
"The potential to deliver 'one shot cures' is one of the most attractive aspects of gene therapy, genetically-engineered cell therapy and gene editing. However, such treatments offer a very different outlook with regard to recurring revenue versus chronic therapies," analyst Salveen Richter wrote in the note to clients Tuesday. "While this proposition carries tremendous value for patients and society, it could represent a challenge for genome medicine developers looking for sustained cash flow."
Richter cited Gilead Sciences' treatments for hepatitis C, which achieved cure rates of more than 90 percent. The company's U.S. sales for these hepatitis C treatments peaked at $12.5 billion in 2015, but have been falling ever since. Goldman estimates the U.S. sales for these treatments will be less than $4 billion this year, according to a table in the report.
"GILD is a case in point, where the success of its hepatitis C franchise has gradually exhausted the available pool of treatable patients," the analyst wrote. "In the case of infectious diseases such as hepatitis C, curing existing patients also decreases the number of carriers able to transmit the virus to new patients, thus the incident pool also declines … Where an incident pool remains stable (eg, in cancer) the potential for a cure poses less risk to the sustainability of a franchise."
The analyst didn't immediately respond to a request for comment.
The report suggested three potential solutions for biotech firms:
"Solution 1: Address large markets: Hemophilia is a $9-10bn WW market (hemophilia A, B), growing at ~6-7% annually."
"Solution 2: Address disorders with high incidence: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) affects the cells (neurons) in the spinal cord, impacting the ability to walk, eat, or breathe."
"Solution 3: Constant innovation and portfolio expansion: There are hundreds of inherited retinal diseases (genetics forms of blindness) … Pace of innovation will also play a role as future programs can offset the declining revenue trajectory of prior assets."
What we are seeing with a TRUMP as installed US PRESIDENT with far-right, authoritarian, militaristic, extreme wealth and extreme poverty LIBERTARIAN MARXISM-----MOVING FORWARD is the need for each global 1% Asian, Arabic, European to build FAKE EUGENICS in this march to PUBLIC HEALTH CRISES of FAILED STATES/CIVIL WARS -----pretending it is being done because of a MASTER PLAN tied to RACE and eugenics----when it is not.
Just as all last century's far-right, authoritarian, global corporate fascists---HITLER--STALIN---MUSSOLINI----PINOCHET-----they all worked for global banking to create ECONOMIC AND SOCIETAL DISRUPTIONS---these are not EXCEPTIONALISM policies.
This is what today's national media and FAKE ALT RIGHT ALT LEFT 5% PLAYERS and groups are trying to foment----the targets for sterilization are MOVING FORWARD across all population groups---white, black, and brown 99% of WE THE PEOPLE.
DARWIN, as that exceptional genius did not spend his entire life as a scientist to MOVE FORWARD global banking 1% eugenics------this is a corruption of our REAL scientific research and we call this SCIENCE FOR SCIENCE SAKE.
In the eugenics era, Mexican American women were prime targets of sterilization in California
Austin Cross | Take Two® | April 5, 2018
In March 1934, 14-year-old Mary Franco's family handed her over to the Pacific Colony asylum — a facility set up by the State of California to house the "insane." Specialists there soon diagnosed her with "feeble-mindedness, tied to social deviance," and recommended a procedure known as a salpingectomy.
Two months later, her Fallopian tubes were removed.
Eight decades on, Franco's story continues to haunt her family, says Stacy Cordova-Diaz. Franco was her great aunt. Before Franco passed in 1998, Cordova-Diaz interviewed her for a Chicano studies class. Franco's family was Mexican American.
"[She] shared that she was a wild young girl, and that her family didn't know what to do with her because she was very promiscuous, and that she was then sterilized," Cordova-Diaz says. "It really affected her entire life."
The reasons that landed Franco in an institution are murky. Cordova-Diaz says that her family was scared and didn't want another mouth to feed. But it's possible that the decision to sterilize wasn't entirely theirs.
Franco was one of about 20,000 people sterilized in California institutions between the early 1920s and the 1950s. Once a patient was given to the state, administrators had the final word on sterilizations. It was a power granted to them by eugenics laws passed in the 1910s. At the time, sterilizations were seen as a cost-cutting measure; because many of those admitted to state facilities were poor or working class, officials believed that they could break the cycle of poverty and save the state money if they rendered a patient unable to reproduce. The reasons given for the procedures are often similar to those found in Franco's file.
But new research into patient files from California facilities reveals that mental health wasn't the only circumstance doctors considered when deciding who to sterilize. In fact, after analyzing thousands of sterilization requests, researchers Natalie Lira and Nicole Novak concluded that the deciding factor in many instances came down to a patient's race. Among the most-affected: Mexican Americans.
Using patient last names as a guide, Lira and Novak analyzed thousands of files.
"Even after we accounted for the patients' ages and the time period when they lived, we still found that Latino men in state institutions were 23% more likely to be sterilized than non-Latino men, and the difference was even greater for Latina women, who were 59% more likely to be sterilized than non-Latina women," Novak says.
Researcher Lira adds patients were unable to understand what was happening.
"We probably can say that a number of them didn't know," Lira says.
Mary Franco's troubles didn't end after she was released from the asylum.
"She had gotten married, and when the man she married found out she couldn't have children, he left her," Cordova-Diaz says. "She always felt that no one ever wanted to be with her because she couldn't have children."
Cordova-Diaz says Franco didn't go to baby showers and continued to face health complications from a "botched" surgery.
Her great-aunt's pain ended with her, but in the family, she says conflicted feelings remain. Cordova-Diaz is hopeful that the new information coming out will bring healing.
"To kind of put my mom at ease," she says. "No one knew how to handle this type of young lady... It was scary for them."
The last scientific term tied to DARWIN and natural evolution is that search for how life started-----and at same time DARWIN's theories had advanced it was common knowledge and 100% accepted that theories tied to SPONTANEOUS GENERATION of life from non-life were scientifically FALSE.
Flash forward to today during MOVING FORWARD DAN BROWN ORIGIN replacing DARWIN natural evolution -----those SHIP OF FOOLS---SCIENCE FOR SCIENCE SAKE global banking 1% are now corrupting that STEM FACT-----pretending the rise of GMO ANIMALS AND HUMANS-----are the result of SPONTANEOUS GENERATION. So, if we suddenly see a bunch of LARGE, FLOPPY-EARED HUMANS walking around Baltimore ----they are simply UNDERARMOUR global corporate campus labor pool -----who spontaneously mutated to having those large floppy ears.
WHEN WE HEAR NATIONAL MEDIA AND 5% TO THE 1% ACADEMICS TIED TO GLOBAL HEDGE FUND IVY LEAGUE RESEARCH CORPORATIONS DECLARE SPONTANEOUS GENERATION IS REAL---THAT DARWIN WAS WRONG-----THIS IS WHY---TO JUSTIFY THE APPEARANCE OF GMO HUMANS AND ANIMALS.
REAL left social progressive academics have known these goals throughout CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA---we have been shouting against these goals since 1990s-----these goals are NOT NEW----they have been a MASTER PLAN of MOVING FORWARD since REAGAN/CLINTON and global empire-neo-liberalism.
Science, Tech, Math › Science
Is Spontaneous Generation Real?
by Regina Bailey
Updated July 17, 2017
Is Spontaneous Generation Real?
For several centuries it was believed that living organisms could spontaneously come from nonliving matter. This idea, known as spontaneous generation, is now known to be false. Proponents of at least some aspects of spontaneous generation included well-respected philosophers and scientists such as Aristotle, Rene Descartes, William Harvey, and Isaac Newton. Spontaneous generation was a popular notion due to the fact that it seemed to be consistent with observations that a number of animal organisms would apparently arise from nonliving sources.
Spontaneous generation was disproved through the performance of several significant scientific experiments.
Do Animals Spontaneously Generate?
Prior to the mid-19th century, it was commonly believed that the origin of certain animals was from nonliving sources. Lice were thought to come from dirt or sweat. Worms, salamanders, and frogs were thought to be birthed from mud. Maggots were derived from rotting meat, aphids and beetles supposedly sprang from wheat, and mice were generated from soiled clothing mixed with wheat grains. While these theories seem quite ludicrous, at the time they were thought to be reasonable explanations for how certain bugs and other animals seemed to appear from no other living matter.
Spontaneous Generation Debate
While a popular theory throughout history, spontaneous generation was not without its critics. Several scientists set out to refute this theory through scientific experimentation.
At the same time, other scientists tried to find evidence in support of spontaneous generation. This debate would last for centuries.
In 1668, the Italian scientist and physician Francesco Redi set out to disprove the hypothesis that maggots were spontaneously generated from rotting meat.
He contended that the maggots were the result of flies laying eggs on exposed meat. In his experiment, Redi placed meat in several jars. Some jars were left uncovered, some were covered with gauze, and some were sealed with a lid. Over time, the meat in the uncovered jars and the jars covered with gauze became infested with maggots. However, the meat in the sealed jars did not have maggots. Since only the meat that was accessible to flies had maggots, Redi concluded that maggots do not spontaneously arise from meat.
In 1745, English biologist and priest John Needham set out to demonstrate that microbes, such as bacteria, were the result of spontaneous generation. Thanks to the invention of the microscope in the 1600s and increased improvements to its usage, scientists were able to view microscopic organisms such as fungi, bacteria, and protists. In his experiment, Needham heated chicken broth in a flask in order to kill any living organisms within the broth. He allowed the broth to cool and placed it in a sealed flask. Needham also placed unheated broth in another container. Over time, both the heated broth and unheated broth contained microbes. Needham was convinced that his experiment had proven spontaneous generation in microbes.
In 1765, Italian biologist and priest Lazzaro Spallanzani, set out to demonstrate that microbes do not spontaneously generate. He contended that microbes are capable of moving through the air. Spallanzani believed that microbes appeared in Needham's experiment because the broth had been exposed to air after boiling but before the flask had been sealed. Spallanzani devised an experiment where he placed the broth in a flask, sealed the flask, and removed the air from the flask before boiling. The results of his experiment showed that no microbes appeared in the broth as long as it remained in its sealed condition. While it appeared that the results of this experiment had dealt a devastating blow to the idea of spontaneous generation in microbes, Needham argued that it was the removal of air from the flask that made spontaneous generation impossible.
In 1861, Louis Pasteur presented evidence that would virtually put an end to the debate. He designed an experiment similar to Spallanzani's, however, Pasteur's experiment implemented a way to filter out microorganisms. Pasteur used a flask with a long, curved tube called a swan-necked flask. This flask allowed air to have access to the heated broth while trapping dust containing bacterial spores in the curved neck of the tube. The results of this experiment were that no microbes grew in the broth. When Pasteur tilted the flask on its side allowing the broth access to the curved neck of the tube and then set the flask upright again, the broth became contaminated and bacteria reproduced in the broth. Bacteria also appeared in the broth if the flask was broken near the neck allowing the broth to be exposed to non-filtered air. This experiment demonstrated that bacteria appearing in broth are not the result of spontaneous generation. The majority of the scientific community considered this conclusive evidence against spontaneous generation and proof that living organisms only arise from living organisms.