We have discussed the selling of airwaves before ---the fact that the lower frequencies are stronger, can travel furthest, can go through buildings so are the best sectors of a wide air wave spectrum. Obama and his FCC opened bidding several year ago of what was higher end airwaves that were good but not the best causing local TV, radio, public media to start to sell their stations ----there goes the consolidation of who owns these air waves. Remember the discussion around Clinton era 1996 telecom deregulation was as usual to
MAKE THE MARKET MORE COMPETITIVE --TO GET THOSE SMALL BUSINESSES ON LINE AGAINST BIG, BAD MA BELL.
We read just after that were just the opposite occurred---as with all privatizations of public agencies some pay-to-play few millions were thrown out for small businesses and then a decade out the consolidations to global Wall STreet took control.
IT IS NEVER ABOUT MORE ACCESS OR CREATION OF SMALL BUSINESS WITH GLOBAL WALL STREET.
Below we see what are considered the CREAM OF THE CROP OF AIR WAVELENGTH-----700 MHz above and below. This is where our analog communications have centered last century and it is what global Wall Street wants for its global telecommunications. Here we see all nations tied to Foreign Economic Zones as in Asia----are all doing the same---they are designating those air waves in their nations to digital communications handing high-speed broadband to what will be their version of global telecom. If you are having ONE WORLD ONE COMMUNICATION ----with global online businesses needing constant access and fast connections then all nations set aside these air waves for global communications.
None of this is about competition---it is about handing the most powerful air wave transmission spectrum to that global 1% leaving WE THE PEOPLE with the weakest of spectrum much only able to transmit locally and not capable of building penetration.
'Asia-Pacific Telecommunity band plan in the 700 MHz band
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from APT band plan in the 700 MHz band)
The Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT) band plan is a type of segmentation of the 698–806 MHz band (usually referred to as the 700 MHz band) formalized by the APT in 2008-2010 and specially configured for the deployment of mobile broadband technologies (e.g. most notably Long Term Evolution, LTE). This segmentation exists in two variants, FDD and TDD, that have been standardized by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and recommended by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) as segmentations A5 and A6, respectively. The APT band plan has been designed to enable the most efficient use of available spectrum. Therefore, this plan divides the band into contiguous blocks of frequencies that are as large as possible taking account of the need to avoid interference with services in other frequency bands. As the result, the TDD option (segmentation A6) includes 100 MHz of continuous spectrum, while the FDD option (segmentation A5) comprises two large blocks, one of 45 MHz for uplink transmission (mobile to network) in the lower part of the band and the other also of 45 MHz for downlink transmission in the upper part. As defined in the standard, both FDD and TDD schemes for the 700 MHz band include guard bands of 5 MHz and 3 MHz at their lower and upper edges, respectively. The FDD version also includes a center gap of 10 MHz. The guardbands serve the purpose of mitigating interference with adjacent bands while the FDD center gap is required to avoid interference between uplink and downlink transmissions. The two arrangements are shown graphically in figures 1 and 2'.
The article below is written by a telecom industry geek who thinks all these sales of low-frequency air waves is great for the world. Yes, it is the basis of 5G speeds but we are shouting WATCH OUT FOR WHO GETS THE BENEFIT OF THESE SUPER-SPEEDS. The driver of these technologies is global online businesses needing to transmit farther, needing to transmit super-sized data packages, and needing the super-fast transmission for things like GLOBAL TELEMEDICINE/INTERACTIVE MEDIA. Much of these telecommunications will be tied to robotics----to global military----to global Wall Street making that derivatives bet even more faster.
ATT is what is left of MA BELL and yes it had the monopoly in these spectra----breaking that monopoly just so global telecom monopolies can take over is NOT GOOD FOR WE THE PEOPLE.
RAISE YOUR HAND IF YOU CAN FORESEE WHERE THESE BLAZING FAST BROADBAND SPEEDS WILL BE PRICED TOO HIGH FOR 99% OF CITIZENS.
'And that’s why mobile carriers are so interested in this auction: It deals explicitly with limited low-band waves, around 600 MHz. Because low-band can travel further and penetrate buildings easier than high-band alternatives—AT&T wants more'.
'Aside from building a more reliable mobile network, this chunk of low-band, along with future high-band auctions in the years to come, will likely be the basis for blazing fast 5G speeds'.
The amount of mega-data tied to global online businesses is massive and the need to transmit that data seamlessly in order to be competitive globally is a must. This is the goal of ever-higher speed technology ----not bettering the life of WE THE PEOPLE.
Why You Should Care About The FCC Spectrum Auction
Filed to: FCC
Today, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) begins the laborious process of making our mobile internet even faster and better. The government is buying underused TV airwaves and selling it to mobile carriers for billions of dollars. These radio waves—also known as spectrum—will shape mobile US connectivity as streaming video continues to swallow up bandwidth across the country and as we inch closer to 5G internet speeds.
This giant re-allocation of radio waves is being called the broadcast incentive auction by the FCC. In 2008, the FCC raised $19.1 billion in a similar auction, which created the groundwork for 4G LTE and led to AT&T and Verizon’s cellular dominance for the next several years. Just last year, the FCC raised a record-setting $45 billion from bidders and many expect this auction to raise even more money.
But before we get ahead of ourselves, let’s start with the basics.
pectrum is really just a fancy term for radio waves, a specific portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (hence the name). These wavelengths can stretch dozens of kilometers or can be measured in mere millimeters. Where light and color are part of the visual spectrum, invisible radio waves are what carry 4G signal and companies are aggressively fighting over these limited frequencies.
“Mark Twain had that great line about real estate, he said ‘I’m putting all my money in real estate because I understand they ain’t making it anymore,’” said Wheeler during last year’s CTIA keynote.
And that’s why mobile carriers are so interested in this auction: It deals explicitly with limited low-band waves, around 600 MHz. Because low-band can travel further and penetrate buildings easier than high-band alternatives—AT&T wants more.
But T-Mobile wants to stop that from happening, saying AT&T and Verizon already control three-fourths of low-band frequencies. This is actually one of the major reasons why T-Mobile is famously terrible at receiving signal inside buildings and has equally terrible coverage outside major cities. It’s high-band can’t penetrate walls or travel as far as the competition.
So imagine just this one drama as just a thread of a larger web of companies—including new players like Comcast, Charter, and Dish Network—wrestling over ways to deliver data more reliably.
Why should you care?
Freed up radio waves, purchased by cellular carriers, will improve coverage across the country and help shore up resources for the US’s growing appetite for online video.
“We hear this constantly that there’s a demand for wireless spectrum,” Charles Meisch, a spokesperson for the FCC told Gizmodo. “As capacity grows, types of applications that developers can come up with also change.”
For example, years ago apps like Periscope and even Netflix would be almost useless on low-speed 3G (or 2G) networks. Because of much faster 4G LTE, streaming apps are now much easier to use. Video takes up 50 percent of all US mobile data and will likely grow to 70 percent in 2021, which is when this rearranged spectrum will go into use. Because video requires more over-the-air bandwidth than other types of data, these bigger lanes will open up the possibility for applications we haven’t even thought of yet.
Aside from building a more reliable mobile network, this chunk of low-band, along with future high-band auctions in the years to come, will likely be the basis for blazing fast 5G speeds.
“I foresee lower-frequency bands playing a role in 5G,” said Tom Wheeler in a blog post. “In much the same way that 700 MHz paved the way for America’s world-leading deployment of 4G, so could 600 MHz accelerate U.S. deployment of 5G.”
5G is the next generation of wireless communication that will bolster our growing “smart” ecosystems, whether on highways or in our homes. This large swath of low-band coupled with data-carrying high band, going up to even 60GHz, could be an important part in the next generation of mobile
What does this mean for the future?
Although US data speeds are often lampooned for being laughably slower than other Asian and European countries, the US was a pioneer in creating and adopting 4G and 4G LTE networks. The spectrum auction that starts today is the official beginning of the next generation of the invisible web that makes modern communication possible.
Sure. Download speeds and coverage will improve, but those are only short-term benefits. This low-band spectrum could be the bedrock that the US builds a “smarter society” and creates a better system that can handle the data burden of our increasingly connected lives.
And here we go-----global corporations looking like they are only buying this or that spectrum have in fact the goal of controlling the whole transmittable spectrum by TRI-BANDING.
We are made to believe that all this INNOVATION is being done by startups and are small businesses but guess what? As always consolidation will occur very fast and ONE GRID ONE TELECOMMUNICATION will control all of these spectrum.
All of this super-fast broadband speed is tied to global corporations and their businesses made more profitable and competitive it has nothing to do with quality of life for 99%. We will have absolutely no control over the only air wave frequencies that can transmit outside of a local area----that can penetrate and reach all citizens.
Right now that pesky 5% to the 1% are soaking up the insider trading on stocks for these new companies so they say SHOW ME THE MONEY AND WE DON'T CARE WHERE ALL THIS LEADS. They will be under the bus with the 99% as US Foreign Economic Zones come with air waves controlled by ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE.
So, to be effective in global telecom transmission these global corporations will need low-frequency for penetration of buildings---higher frequency to carry data capacity----and VOILA----a few global telecoms own all Foreign Economic Zone communication capacity. Think about global VEOLA ENVIRONMENT being handed all public water agencies across the US and globally.
Ting goes for three: Tri-Band LTE
- Posted by Andrew Moore-Crispin | December 18, 2013
An older cell tower riding off into the sunset. Thanks iStock!EDIT: Updated to explicitly state that Ting Tri-Band LTE doesn’t come at an extra cost and to correct erroneous information about wave frequencies as they relate to capacity and travel.
We’ve talked at length previously about the fact that Ting customers get the self same cell service and access to network improvements at or at very nearly the same time as our network provider’s own retail customers.
Recently, another 70 LTE sites came online bringing the total to 300 sites.
The latest and most potentially impactful in a steady stream of major network improvements is Tri-Band LTE.
So what is Tri-Band LTE?Tri-Band means LTE service offered on three distinct frequencies or “bands.” Each of the three bands (800 MHz, 1.9 GHz and 2.5 GHz) has its own unique benefits. By offering three bands together, any shortcomings of a single band are shored up by the strengths of the others. In other words, with three bands together, you get more reliable coverage, greater capacity and faster speeds in more places.
Lower frequency bands are able to cover a wide area and can penetrate building materials readily. However, they’re lacking when it comes to capacity.
Higher frequency bands offer great capacity but can’t travel as far or through obstructions like lower frequency bands can.
With the mid-range band in the mix, you get Tri-Band LTE that offers the broad coverage and material penetration of the lower band with the increased capacity of the high frequency band. Switching between bands is seamless and whichever frequency is strongest is the one your Tri-Band device will use.
Tri-Band rolloutTri-Band LTE is available at no extra charge to Ting customers with a compatible device (more on those in a sec) in New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Tampa and Miami. As our network provider brings more Tri-Band capable towers online across the country, Ting customers will get access at the same time as said provider’s retail customers.
Tri-Band devicesEffective as soon as we hit the publish button on this blog post, we’ll also be putting our first Tri-Band capable devices online on the Ting devices page.
Tri-Band smartphonesThe Nexus 5, which can be purchased direct from Google, is a Tri-Band capable device. If you get a Nexus 5 and a Ting SIM card, and if you’re in one of the aforementioned five Tri-Band locations, you’re set.
We’re also adding several new Tri-Band devices to the Ting lineup:
- Samsung Galaxy Mega (black and white)
- Samsung Galaxy S4 Mini (black and white)
- LG G2 coming soon in both black and white.
All of these spectra sales have to do with harmonizing Foreign Economic Zones globally for ECONOMIES OF SCALE----that global 1% and their corporations.
'Spectrum harmonization and potential economies of scale'
Obama's FCC appointment was a telecom industry insider who played at posing left social progressive with terms like net neutrality and protecting ATT stockholders from what is a breaking the wall of US telecommunication sovereignty. This is why discussions over mergers between Sprint, T Mobile, Verizon and which gets what access held long discussion.....what happened when Obama at the end of his term installed CLYBURN as a temporary appointment to the FCC? It allowed what was controversial to be installed in a matter of months by someone coming and then going. While Clyburn's actions were 100% ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE ONE TELECOMMUNICATION for the US again they posed left social progressive by making this sound as if it opened the door to small business and even tied extended call times to prisoners.
What Clyburn did was open that HOLY GRAIL OF AIR WAVES---the 600-700 MGz for sale-----she further consolidated the telecom industry by attaching SPRINT to a Japanese corporation taking what was a real startup----Clearwire with it. As we see below SPRINT was already moving itself out of US telecom market as it sat out air wave auctions so we knew it was on the way out of US market.
'Clyburn’s time as chairwoman proved to be a whirlwind of activity, however. In less than six months, she created rate caps for calls made to prison inmates, oversaw the auction of two large blocks of wireless spectrum, opened the door to interoperability between wireless carriers and pushed through a massive three-way merger between Sprint Corp., Clearwire Corp. and Japan’s Softbank Group Corp. That’s a highly productive tenure by any measure'.
Calling Clyburn an OUTSIDER when she is the daughter of Clyburn the Congressional pol having voted in Clinton era for that horrible 1996 Telecommunications Act----she was simply that hit-and-run do the dirty work of global Wall Street letting all the establishment pols say OH, WELL-----her actions were what handed all of US viable air waves to global telecoms taking control away from all local US regions.
Sprint Will Sit Out Airwaves Auction; Stock Falls: Telecom Winners and Losers
Follow Sep 28, 2015 7:30 PM EDT
NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Sprint (S) dropped after the telecommunications company said it doesn't plan to bid in next year's U.S. auction of wireless airwaves, a move that some considered shortsighted and a blow to its competitiveness.
Sitting out of the auction will save Sprint billions of dollars, but it could deprive its network of future upgrades, the Wall Street Journal wrote Sunday.
FCC’s Clyburn Makes the Most of Her ‘Outsider’ Status
Brendan Bordelon | August 31, 2016 | 03:43 PM
Federal Communications Commissioner Mignon Clyburn really wants you to know she’s not one of those “inside the Beltway” types.
That may seem hard to believe coming from the daughter of Rep. Jim Clyburn of South Carolina, a congressman since 1993 and the No.3 Democrat in the House. But until she took the FCC job in 2009, Clyburn never left her home state for more than a few weeks at a time.
“I did not come up to D.C. to be like a lot of others (respectfully, this sounds a little tough) that I see in D.C., who always want to be picture perfect, wrapped up in a bow, and ready for presentation,” Clyburn says.
“I am very different if you to compare me to my colleagues,” she said in an interview with Morning Consult. Referring several times to her “Southern accent,” she said, “I am very much outside of the Beltway.”
Clyburn’s quiet and poised demeanor strikes a sharp contrast to Tom Wheeler, the physically imposing FCC chairman who exudes a larger-than-life political presence. Yet for nearly six months in 2013, Clyburn sat in Wheeler’s chair. She was acting FCC chairwoman while Congress deliberated over Wheeler’s confirmation.
There was a historic nature to her chairmanship. She was the first woman and the first African American to lead the commission. Still, few expected much out of her tenure. Allegations that her family name helped secure her seat dogged Clyburn starting in April 2009 when President Obama announced his intent to nominate her. When she took over the FCC in 2013, tech insiders assumed Wheeler would be confirmed in a matter of weeks.
“A lot of people had doubts about me as a commissioner,” Clyburn admits. “And they definitely had doubts — let’s just be plain about it — [about me] leading the commission.”
Clyburn’s time as chairwoman proved to be a whirlwind of activity, however. In less than six months, she created rate caps for calls made to prison inmates, oversaw the auction of two large blocks of wireless spectrum, opened the door to interoperability between wireless carriers and pushed through a massive three-way merger between Sprint Corp., Clearwire Corp. and Japan’s Softbank Group Corp. That’s a highly productive tenure by any measure.
How does Clyburn explain her breadth of accomplishments over such a short period? She says candidly that the two vacancies on the commission at the time certainly helped. Neither Wheeler nor Republican nominee Michael O’Rielly were confirmed, leaving her just with Democrat Jessica Rosenworcel and Republican Ajit Pai as commissioners.
“To have three [commissioners] — it makes it easier to get face to face,” she said.
Clyburn says her 11 years on the South Carolina Public Service Commission also lent her valuable policy-making experience, as well as an up-close view of the impact regulatory policies have on communities.
On a deeper level, however, Clyburn frames her success as chairwoman as a product of her outside-the-Beltway mindset. She points to negotiations she brokered over spectrum interoperability as the clearest example.
“We sat in a room with providers and we said, ‘Look, we can get this. How far are we apart, really, on this?’” she said. “We did it the old-fashioned way, how I was raised. You sit down and you talk through your problems, and you see if there is a solution.”
How is Wheeler’s leadership by comparison? Clyburn’s response is cagey. “The commission, the agency always takes on the characteristics of its leader,” she said. Unlike some of her colleagues, Clyburn is not an attorney and doesn’t have decades of D.C. experience. “Some of those characteristics, I’m going to be honest with you, I don’t have,” she says.
But she says her unwillingness to play the usual Washington game has worked to both her and the FCC’s advantage. “It really, I think, allowed the agency to be stretched in different ways — I like to think, in a positive way,” she says. “We can really get things done for some people that have been chronically on the wrong side of the opportunities divide.”
Not that there haven’t been some slip-ups. She raised the ire of Republican commissioners Pai and O’Rielly earlier this year, after they accused her of reneging at the last minute on an agreement to cap the budget of Lifeline, the program that provides phone and internet subsidies for low-income consumers. The commission wound up voting to expand the program without a budget cap and without the support of the Republican commissioners.
Pai opened a probe into potential abuse within the program several weeks after the dispute, and the GOP-led House Energy and Commerce Committee followed suit about a month later.
Clyburn is hesitant to speak about the specifics of that controversy, but she makes no apologies for how it turned out. “I have no problem coloring outside the lines, stubbing my toe every now and then, healing, and getting things done,” she says, again making reference to her outsider status. “I will do what it takes to serve the community.”
The needs of underserved communities come up again and again when talking to Clyburn, and she repeatedly expresses her wish to be a “conduit” for change in impoverished areas. As one example, she spearheaded the commission’s multi-year effort to lower inmate calling rates, an issue that hadn’t been looked at in 10 years.
With her commissionership ending next year and the White House’s new tenant still unknown, it’s not clear how Clyburn will continue to serve as an anti-poverty advocate. She’s not giving many hints.
“The beautiful side for me, not necessarily being the most detailed planner, is the fact that I am open to making a difference wherever the — I don’t want to sound cosmic here — but wherever the forces of nature take me,” she says with a grin. “And nature is expansive by way of definition.”
Below you can see who applauds what is now called A 21ST CENTURY FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS structure---our friends at global Wall Street BROOKINGS INSTITUTE, FREE STATE FOUNDATION, AND GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY INSIDERS. Clyburn did indeed give ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE what it needed and as we read here-----setting the new standard for telecom infrastructure around 5G and super-data will create an infrastructure designed only for global corporations. How expensive will high speed packages get with these super-speeds? They will price the 99% off the lines while subsidizing global corporate costs in PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS.
As we see below these policies will kill cable and satellite ----there goes any diversity!
Please look at how national media sells all this as a win for consumers ----a win for low-income----because all these policies ARE ILLEGAL MONOPOLIES KILLING FREE MARKET and that is why they must sell all this as GOOD FOR CONSUMERS.
Clyburn called an OUTSIDER when she served on South Carolina's PUBLIC SERVICES COMMISSION-----everyone in Maryland knows the capture of MARYLAND PUBLIC SERVICES COMMISSION filled with corporate appointments that rubber-stamp rate hikes and mergers no citizen in states want.
Raise your hand if you know all our state public service commissions have been loaded with corporate industry appointments these few decades so they are not OUTSIDERS----they are 5% to the 1% global Wall Street players.
Please take time to see how they are again calling policy a WIN FOR CONSUMERS when it kills WE THE PEOPLE---it is important because these actions are illegal and unconstitutional assault on citizens and sovereignty.
The FCC has changed the definition of broadband The minimum broadband download speeds now begin at 25Mbps, up from 4Mbpsby Micah Singleton@MicahSingleton Jan 29, 2015, 11:48am ESTAs part of its 2015 Broadband Progress Report, the Federal Communications Commission has voted to change the definition of broadband by raising the minimum download speeds needed from 4Mbps to 25Mbps, and the minimum upload speed from 1Mbps to 3Mbps, which effectively triples the number of US households without broadband access. Currently, 6.3 percent of US households don’t have access to broadband under the previous 4Mpbs/1Mbps threshold, while another 13.1 percent don't have access to broadband under the new 25Mbps downstream threshold.
FCC Commissioner Tom Wheeler was vehement in his support for the new broadband standard. "When 80 percent of Americans can access 25-3, that's a standard. We have a problem that 20 percent can't. We have a responsibility to that 20 percent," Commissioner Wheeler said.
"We are never satisfied with the status quo. We want better. We continue to push the limit, and that is notable when it comes to technology," FCC Commissioner Mignon Clyburn said. "As consumers adopt and demand more from their platforms and devices, the need for broadband will increase, requiring robust networks to be in place in order to keep up. What is crystal clear to me is that the broadband speeds of yesteryear are woefully inadequate today and beyond."
FCC Commissioner Jessica Rosenworcel wants to increase the minimum broadband standards far past the new 25Mbps download threshold, up to 100Mbps. "We invented the internet. We can do audacious things if we set big goals, and I think our new threshold, frankly, should be 100Mbps. I think anything short of that shortchanges our children, our future, and our new digital economy," Commissioner Rosenworcel said.
"I think our new threshold, frankly, should be 100Mbps."
Taking his argument against changing the broadband standard into deep space, FCC Commissioner Michael O'Rielly said "the report notes that 4K TV requires 25Mbps, but 4K TV is still relatively new and is not expected to be widely adopted for years to come. While the statute directs us to look at advanced capability, this stretches the concept to an untenable extreme. Some people, for example, believe probably incorrectly that we are on a path to interplanetary teleportation. Should we include the estimated bandwidth for that as well?"
Changing the national broadband standards to 25Mbps down and 3Mbps up is a bold move for the FCC, which has faced opposition from cable providers which are staunchly against this measure, as it essentially removed DSL services from the broadband discussion. While cable and fiber optic services can easily meet the new standards, DSL — which is delivered over telephone lines — generally never reach the new download threshold.
Current DSL offerings won't be considered broadband under new rules
Companies like AT&T and Verizon, which employ DSL services to a notable number of their users — 4 million of AT&T’s 16 million broadband subscribers and 2.6 million of Verizon’s 9.2 million subscribers have DSL. AT&T’s fastest DSL offerings only reach 6Mbps down, while Verizon’s DSL speeds top out at 15Mbps, and that won’t be increasing, at least on Verizon’s end. Speaking to Ars Technica, a Verizon spokesperson said "we currently do not have any plans to enhance that." As you would expect, cable companies weren’t too happy about the new rule.
In a letter sent to the FCC last week, the National Cable & Telecommunications Association (NCTA) made known its objections to any changes to current broadband standards, stating that examples used by supporters of raising the broadband standards "dramatically exaggerate the amount of bandwidth needed by the typical broadband user." Netflix is one of those supporters pushing for a higher broadband standards, as faster broadband speeds are needed to stream its 4K content, and will increase its potential for more subscribers. But right now, Netflix’s interests and the public’s interests are aligned — everyone wants faster broadband internet except for the people who have to provide the service.
The NCTA told the FCC that 25Mbps down isn't needed for 4K streaming — the number Netflix recommends for anyone streaming its Ultra HD content — and that users aren't even interested in higher quality content yet. "Netflix, for instance, bases its call for a 25 Mbps download threshold on what it believes consumers need for streaming 4K and Ultra HD video content — despite the fact that only a tiny fraction of consumers use their broadband connections in this manner," the NCTA said. "...The consensus among others in the industry that 25 Mbps is significantly more bandwidth than is needed for 4K streaming."
While you may not need a minimum download speed of 25Mbps to stream 4K content, it wouldn't hurt, and standing pat with subpar US broadband capabilities just isn't a viable option at this point. With the US currently ranked 25th in the world in broadband speeds, the FCC's decision will force cable providers to step up speeds for everyone, something that probably would have happened with even a little competition in the broadband market.
When media tells us that Clyburn came to FCC office to advance policy that the former FCC would not----one of those was the basis for NET NEUTRALITY. Net neutrality depends on the designation of internet as a UTILITY ------global Wall Street and all these global telecom corporations did not want the internet deemed at UTILITY. Now, Obama pretended to back NET NEUTRALITY as he appointed heads of FCC known to be raging global Wall Street ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE. We will look more closely at the conversation right now where Clyburn, like Obama and Clinton neo-liberals pretend they are still fighting for NET NEUTRALITY when Obama and Clyburn's selling of all our US air waves of any value to global corporations assures that will not happen.
IT IS NOT TRUMP KILLING NET NEUTRALITY---IT WAS THESE 21ST CENTURY FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS POLICIES INSTALLED THESE SEVERAL YEARS.
“After a decade of debate and legal battles, today’s ruling affirms the commission’s ability to enforce the strongest possible internet protections — both on fixed and mobile networks — that will ensure the internet remains open, now and in the future,” Tom Wheeler, chairman of the F.C.C., said in a statement'.
The only net neutrality that will come with global corporate control of all vital air waves will be ONE WORLD ONE COMMUNICATIONS FOR FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES. This means that any foreign corporation locating in a US city deemed Foreign Economic Zone will have the right to equal access to these high-speed broadband spectra.
Please think about this play on the term NET NEUTRALITY----as consolidations and sales of air waves into the hands of global 1% increases---do we really think this means neutrality for 99% ----it means neutrality for global 1% in Foreign Economic Zones including in US.
Court Backs Rules Treating Internet as Utility, Not Luxury
By CECILIA KANGJUNE 14, 2016
The New Net Neutrality RulesThe Federal Communications Commission is to take a more active role in regulating the Internet as a public utility, which is expected to provoke court cases from major broadband providers.
By NATALIA V. OSIPOVA and CAITLIN PRENTKE on Publish Date March 12, 2015. Photo by The New York Times.
WASHINGTON — High-speed internet service can be defined as a utility, a federal court has ruled in a sweeping decision clearing the way for more rigorous policing of broadband providers and greater protections for web users.
The decision affirmed the government’s view that broadband is as essential as the phone and power and should be available to all Americans, rather than a luxury that does not need close government supervision.
The 2-to-1 decision from a three-judge panel at the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit on Tuesday came in a case about rules applying to a doctrine known as net neutrality, which prohibit broadband companies from blocking or slowing the delivery of internet content to consumers.
Those rules, created by the Federal Communications Commission in early 2015, started a huge legal battle as cable, telecom and wireless internet providers sued to overturn regulations that they said went far beyond the F.C.C.’s authority and would hurt their businesses. On the other side, millions of consumers and giant tech firms rallied in favor of the regulations. President Obama also called for the strictest possible mandates on broadband providers.
The court’s decision upheld the F.C.C. on the declaration of broadband as a utility, which was the most significant aspect of the rules. That has broad-reaching implications for web and telecommunications companies that have battled for nearly a decade over the need for regulation to ensure web users get full and equal access to all content online.
“After a decade of debate and legal battles, today’s ruling affirms the commission’s ability to enforce the strongest possible internet protections — both on fixed and mobile networks — that will ensure the internet remains open, now and in the future,” Tom Wheeler, chairman of the F.C.C., said in a statement.
The two judges who ruled in favor of the F.C.C. emphasized the importance of the internet as an essential communications and information platform for consumers.
“Over the past two decades, this content has transformed nearly every aspect of our lives, from profound actions like choosing a leader, building a career, and falling in love to more quotidian ones like hailing a cab and watching a movie,” wrote David Tatel and Sri Srinivasan, the judges who wrote the opinion.
But the legal battle over the regulations is most likely far from over. The cable and telecom industries have signaled their intent to challenge any unfavorable decision, possibly taking the case to the Supreme Court.
AT&T immediately said it would continue to fight.
“We have always expected this issue to be decided by the Supreme Court and we look forward to participating in that appeal,” said David McAtee II, the senior executive vice president and general counsel for AT&T.
For now, the decision limits the ability of broadband providers like Comcast and Verizon to shape the experience of internet users. Without net neutrality rules, the broadband providers could be inclined to deliver certain content on the web at slower speeds, for example, making the streams on Netflix or YouTube buffer or shut down. Such business decisions by broadband providers would have created fast and slow lanes on the internet, subjecting businesses and consumers to extra charges and limited access to content online, the F.C.C. has argued.
“This is an enormous win for consumers,” said Gene Kimmelman, president of the public interest group Public Knowledge. “It ensures the right to an open internet with no gatekeepers.”
PhotoTom Wheeler, chairman of the F.C.C., said the court’s ruling would “ensure the internet remains open, now and in the future.” Credit Matthew Eisman/Getty Images for Common Sense Media
The 184-page ruling also opens a path for new limits on broadband providers beyond net neutrality. Already, the F.C.C. has proposed privacy rules for broadband providers, curbing the ability of companies like Verizon and AT&T to collect and share data about broadband subscribers.
Google and Netflix support net neutrality rules and have warned government officials that without regulatory limits, broadband providers will have an incentive to create business models that could harm consumers. They argue that broadband providers could degrade the quality of downloads and streams of online services to extract tolls from web companies or to promote unfairly their own competing services or the content of partners.
The court’s ruling was a certainty for the F.C.C. Two of the three judges who heard the case late last year agreed that wireless broadband services were also common carrier utility services that were subject to anti-blocking and discrimination rules, a decision protested by wireless carriers including AT&T and Verizon Wireless.
In the opinion, the two judges in favor of the rules said internet users don’t feel the difference between fixed-wire broadband and mobile service. To an iPad user, whose device switches automatically between Wi-Fi and wireless networks, the government’s oversight of those technologies should not differ, they said.
Tech firms cheered the decision, which they said would be particularly helpful to start-ups that did not have the resources to fight gatekeepers of the web.
“Today marks a huge victory for the millions of microbusinesses who depend on the open internet to reach consumers and compete in the global marketplace,” said Althea Erickson, the senior director of global policy at the online crafts marketplace Etsy.
In a statement, the cable industry’s biggest lobbying group highlighted the comments of the dissenting judge, Stephen Williams, and said that its members were reviewing the opinion. The group also said broadband legislation by Congress was a better alternative to the F.C.C.’s classification of internet business as a utility.
“While this is unlikely the last step in this decade-long debate over internet regulation, we urge bipartisan leaders in Congress to renew their efforts to craft meaningful legislation that can end ongoing uncertainty, promote network investment and protect consumers,” the National Cable and Telecommunications Association said in a statement.
In his lengthy dissenting opinion, Mr. Williams called the rules an “unreasoned patchwork” that will discourage competition in the broadband industry.
The biggest threat to broadband providers is the potential of any regulations to hurt the rates they charge for the service, analysts said. The F.C.C. has promised it will not impose rate regulations on the firms like it does for phone companies.
“The pendulum has today swung a bit further in the direction of long-term price regulation,” said Craig Moffett, an analyst at the research firm MoffettNathanson.
The F.C.C. was divided along party lines on the rules. It began its quest for net neutrality rules in 2009, with two previous attempts at creating rules overturned by the same court.
In a statement, Ajit Pai, a Republican commissioner who was among a minority who opposed the regulation of broadband as a utility, urged cable and telecom firms to keep going with their legal challenge.
“I continue to believe that these regulations are unlawful, and I hope that the parties challenging them will continue the legal fight,” he said.