HOW CAN THEY CONTROL EVERY LAWYER IN THE NATION----WHY DO WE NOT HAVE ANY REAL CIVIL RIGHTS OR CIVIL LIBERTY LAWYERS?
Every third world nation is filled with cronyism ---nepotism because they have no RULE OF LAW and governance structure that forbids this----the US does. Well, CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA ignored this as well as they were MOVING FORWARD TO ONE WORLD global corporate tribunal rule which is steeped in FAMILY CRONYISM.
Favoritism, Cronyism, and Nepotism
Judy Nadler and Miriam SchulmanThese materials were prepared for the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics program in Government Ethics by Senior Fellow Judy Nadler and Communications Director Miriam Schulman. The Center provides training in local government ethics for public officials. For more information, contact Hana Callaghan.
What are favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism?
What do favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism have to do with ethics?
What ethical dilemmas do favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism present?
What are favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism?
As favoritism is the broadest of these related terms, we'll start with its definition. Basically favoritism is just what it sounds like; it's favoring a person not because he or she is doing the best job but rather because of some extraneous feature-membership in a favored group, personal likes and dislikes, etc. Favoritism can be demonstrated in hiring, honoring, or awarding contracts. A related idea is patronage, giving public service jobs to those who may have helped elect the person who has the power of appointment.
Favoritism has always been a complaint in government service. In 2002, a survey from the federal government's Office of Personnel Management found that only 36.1 percent of federal workers thought promotions in their work units were based on merit. (Government Executive Magazine, "Playing Favorites," by Brian Friel, October 2004). They believed that connections, partisanship, and other factors played a role.
Cronyism is a more specific form of favoritism, referring to partiality towards friends and associates. As the old saying goes, "It's not what you know but who you know," or, as blogger Danny Ferguson put it, "It's not what you don't know; it's who your college roommate knows." Cronyism occurs within a network of insiders-the "good ol' boys," who confer favors on one another.
Nepotism is an even narrower form of favoritism. Coming from the Italian word for nephew, it covers favoritism to members of the family. Both nepotism and cronyism are often at work when political parties recruit candidates for public office.
What do favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism have to do with ethics?
One of the most basic themes in ethics is fairness, stated this way by Artistotle: "Equals should be treated equally and unequals unequally." Favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism all interfere with fairness because they give undue advantage to someone who does not necessarily merit this treatment.
In the public sphere, favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism also undermine the common good. When someone is granted a position because of connections rather than because he or she has the best credentials and experience, the service that person renders to the public may be inferior.
Also, because favoritism is often covert (few elected officials are foolish enough to show open partiality to friends, and family), this practice undercuts the transparency that should be part of governmental hiring and contracting processes.
What ethical dilemmas do favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism present?
Probably the biggest dilemma presented by favoritism is that, under various other names, few people see it as a problem. Connections, networking, family-almost everyone has drawn on these sources of support in job hunting in the private spherre.
And everyone can point to instances where cronyism or nepotism is an accepted fact of life in political sphere, as well. John F. Kennedy, for example, appointed his brother Robert as attorney general. Every president and governor names close associates to key cabinet positions. Mayors put those they know and trust on citizens committees and commissions. Friends and family can usually be counted on for loyalty, and officeholders are in a good position to know their strengths.
So what's the problem?
The first issue is competence. For cabinet level positions, an executive will probably be drawn to experienced, qualified candidates, but historically, the lower down the ladder, the more likely for someone's brother-in-law to be slipped into a job for which he is not qualified. The American Civil Service Act was passed in 1883 in large part because so many patronage jobs, down to dogcatcher, were being filled by people whose only qualification for employment was their support for a particular party or candidate. Also, the appearance of favoritism weakens morale in government service, not to mention public faith in the integrity of government.
Reasonable people will differ about the appointment of friends and family in high-level positions, but public officials should be aware that such choices can give the appearance of unfairness. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 19 state legislatures have found the practice of nepotism troubling enough to enact laws against it. Others may restrict the hiring of relatives or friends in more general conflict-of-interest rules.
Public officials should also note that dilemmas involving favoritism extend beyond hiring and contracting practices to the more general problem of influence. Golfing partners, people who come over for Sunday dinner, members of the same congregation all are likely to exert a greater influence over an official than a stranger might. Council members, mayors, and legislators must make special efforts to ensure that they hear all sides of an issue rather than just relying on the views of the people they know. Further, many conscientious lawmakers have discovered that they must change their patterns of socializing when their work involves many decisions affecting friends and associates. At the least, they may choose to recuse themselves from votes where social relationships may exert undue influence.
It started over CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA with the appointments of judges both Federally and statewide. We spoke at length about ANTI-FORMALISM. This week we want to look at the next level-----the CERTIFICATION OF PROFESSIONALS WITH BOARD EXAMINATIONS. THIS INCLUDES OUR BAR EXAMS.
Yesterday I spoke of a TWITTER FEED where two young well-heeled white young men were tweeting about an examination in Washington DC for board certification. These young men were the 5% to the 1% Wall Street white citizens no doubt having done well these few decades. They were talking about the SUBPRIMING of these professional boards---in this case a legal board exam and saying THIS IS NOT GOOD FOR ANYONE. Since none of what has happened in government has been good for 95% of Americans---what they were WAKING UP to was now these policies are not good for the US 5% citizens. Washington DC board certifications are needed for those people lobbying Congress -----involved in legal procedures handled by the DC courts-----which heavily effect global trade and protecting family wealth. Who were these folks being allowed a corrupt setting and test-taking? Very likely the 1% and their 2% foreign rich being installed in US government and executive positions and not able to pass our board exams. What is happening as across all public sector-----they are dumbing down what used to be high standards in board certification because global corporate tribunal rule is simply making sure the 1% interests are protected and that does not take broad knowledge of US government structures and their history or legal precedence.
We know bogus certificates have been produced by fraudulent corporations leading to our communities having many professionals with certification or degrees posted on their walls which are phoney. Since the US dismantled oversight and accountability our public agencies are not PREVENTING ALL THIS----THEY ARE REACTING TO INDIVIDUAL CASES one by one as they are exposed. This is now coming to our actual governmental agencies allowing this same subpriming of certificates to assure LIKE-MINDED-PEOPLE are in appointed positions.
When does such a board----THE AMERICAN BOARD OF INTERNAL MEDICINE reach that tipping point where they do not alert our STATE'S ATTORNEYS ------ now depending completely on reporting...
“The scheme demeaned and degraded the good names and reputations of legitimate boards like the American Board of Internal Medicine, whom we thank for alerting us'.
I would suggest that this tipping point is global health tourism and global health systems being built right now-----
Attorney General Warns of Bogus Medical Board Certification Scam Targeting Immigrant Doctors
Philadelphia, PA, April 8, 2009 – Attorney General Richard Blumenthal today announced an investigation – and issued an urgent warning to doctors and consumers – involving the sale of bogus medical board certifications.
Blumenthal began an investigation after receiving a complaint from the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), one of the largest nationally recognized certifying boards for doctors.
Board certification is not required to practice medicine – as opposed to a valid state medical license, which is necessary – but certification measures expertise and quality in medical knowledge.
Certification is essential to recognition as a specialist, including admitting privileges at many hospitals, and assignment as a primary care physician for referrals by many insurance carriers.
Blumenthal's office has learned that an out-of-state individual known as Keith Alan Lasko – who also uses the names K. Lasko, Keith Ferrari, K. Ferrari, and KA James Windsor – has sold phony certifications to doctors in a variety of medical specialties in exchange for submitting only basic information and a substantial fee.
At least 130 more complaints have been reported, including at least one in Connecticut.
Lasko's alleged scheme particularly targets foreign-born or foreign-taught doctors who may be unaware of the proper certification process.
“Real and recognized medical board certifications require rigorous examination and education – not simply payment for a piece of paper,” Blumenthal said. “This scheme deceives patients and medical professionals, and endangers lives – misleading consumers into believing that their physicians possess a level of expertise that they lack.
“This alleged con artist used false names – for himself and for fictitious medical boards whose fake certificates he sold. Doctors face potential legal action if they misrepresent their credentials with phony certificates. These specialty-seeking doctors who paid substantial sums – $500 or higher – were typically foreign born or foreign educated, and now should know better.
“The scheme demeaned and degraded the good names and reputations of legitimate boards like the American Board of Internal Medicine, whom we thank for alerting us.
“Bogus medical certifications are deceptive and dangerous – a disservice to the entire medical profession. To be board certified, a physician must be trained and tested – a trust betrayed by this scheme.”
Christine K. Cassel, President and CEO of the American Board of Internal Medicine, said, “Board certification in a medical specialty should require a meaningful review of a physician's education and graduate medical training and a test of their knowledge through a psychometrically valid, secure examination. We applaud the Connecticut Attorney General for taking this important step to protect physicians and consumers from people or organizations offering fraudulent certification.”
Blumenthal has demanded information from Lasko, a Las Vegas resident, about all bogus certifications, including names and addresses.
Some of the bogus board names that Lasko offers include the American Board of Geriatric Medicine, the American Board of Geriatrics, The United States Medical Specialists Federation, the American Board of Diabetes, the American Academy of Cardiology, the American College of Christian Physicians and the American Academy of Oncology. None of these entities are peer-recognized medical boards.
Lasko allegedly solicits physicians by mail, and offers to provide them with certification in a particular medical specialty for a significant fee (in some cases, $500) and only basic information about their practice. The certifications possess no professional or legitimate value.
Legitimate medical board certifications generally require a significant amount of training and testing, as well as a thorough medical background review.
Blumenthal said consumers should always research and seek references in selecting a physician.
Doctors or consumers who believe they were victimized by this or a similar scheme should immediately report the incident to the Attorney General's Office by calling (860) 808-5420.
Below we see what is part of this corporatization of our public education where teachers are certified from online course work and corporate charters are now accepting this pathway dismantling our strong public school teaching certification. What is more-----it too is filled with fraud and corruption so anyone wanting a certification can easily game this system. This complaint tells us they are simply taking the money of people trying to become certified in a profession.
This has taken our legal board agencies as well----and this was what the TWITTER FEED was identifying. The fact that this was happening in Washington DC creates more of a concern as this is from where national policy is directed and it expands this notion of global corporations and the rich stealing our elections with campaign funding to actually controlling all our government agencies especially those tasked with professions who should be looking out for public interest.
Complaint Review: American Board for Certification of Teachers
- Submitted: Sat, April 14, 2012
- Updated: Sat, April 14, 2012
- Reported By: Hiren — USA
American Board for Certification of Teachers
1225 19th Street NW Suite 400, Internet United States of America
American Board for Certification of Teachers ABCTE Ignorant, discriminative, scam, abusive, poor customer service, wasting tax payer money, rip off, Internet
American Board for Certification of Teachers administrators do not abide by the equal employment law at the workplace. Few staff members are mistreated and discriminated. Teachers are also scammed for their money, there is poor customer service as no one responds to our requests. ABCTE is a joke.
You see they advertize certification to teach internationally. This organization is probably found in all International Economic Zone nations creating a global certification system that works under developing nation standards and not our US first world standards.
It would be our US Justice Department and our State's Attorneys who would PRO-ACTIVELY keep these fraudulent schemes at bay------but they are only REACTING and they don't really care if our standards are falling to third world status----
WELCOME TO THE AMERICAN BOARD!
The American Board, also known as the American Board for the Certification of Teacher Excellence (ABCTE), is a non-profit organization dedicated to putting qualified professionals in the classroom through our state-approved alternative teacher certification program.
We offer an online independent study program that will prepare you to teach. The program is much more affordable than returning to school and can be completed at your own pace. Most students take an average of 7-10 months from enrollment to certification to complete the program, with many working full-time jobs while preparing to become a teacher.
Our teacher certification program will prepare students to teach the subject(s) of their choice. Subjects offered include elementary education, biology, mathematics, English language arts, and more.
The American Board is accepted as an approved route for full teacher certification in 12 different states and many international schools. Click a state name below to learn more about the steps required for earning a teaching certificate in that state.
When the US government is soaked in corruption and fraud as our Baltimore City Hall----one needs to find the right AUDITORS-----as is true for global corporations no longer abiding by US law. To assure they have enough of these board certified auditors they need a subprimed system of certification. Some US citizens may be taking the old-school board certification but there are more people taking these corrupted certifications that all of our elected pols and our US Justice and state's attorneys KNOW exists.
Who gets hired by a global corporation, Wall Street, or a corrupt government? People with these certifications and not an old-school professional certification. So, what happens to that strong old-school process that gives the American people professionals looking out for public interest? They close them down as unnecessary.
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Even those professionals titled as certified FRAUD INVESTIGATORS are receiving these phoney certifications and of course are the ones any corporation or government official operating corruptly would hire.
So, within this global economy being built by CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA is infused widespread international corruption with no way to know whether someone is a real professional. This undermines the public's ability to find REAL professionals for their needs----but more importantly it creates a pathway for global corporations and Wall Street to have ACCREDITED STAFF----that are not REALLY certified.
Professional Certification Contacts & Information
There are many online "professional" organisations that advertise. One of these is an organisation called the American Academy of Financial Management or AAFM. If you have some academic qualification in accounting or finance you can "apply" for membership which consists of filling out an application form together with a credit card payment of US$450.00. In return you get a membership certificate of the AAFM and the right to use certain designations after your name. However, that is it. Nothing more. After investigating I discovered that the "CEO and Chair" (read owner) of this organisation makes claims that there is a "Board of Standards" that oversees the operations of the AAFM. However, it does not in fact exist and the sole decision maker is the owner. This scam has been going on for a number of years and I shudder to think how many people have wasted their money thinking they will actually be members of a professional body that gives them something for their money. It does not.
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27th of Aug, 2009 by John J Thomas
I have done a significant amount of research on this organization and it is a SCAM, SCAM, SCAM. It claims that it is a professional organisation but it is actually an individual selling pieces of paper that are worthless. There are no services provided, comtrast this to the CFP and the website is a load of rubbish. Many, read most, claims on the website are absolutely unsupported. For example, it supposedly has a Board of Standards but some of the people have never had anything to do with the AAFM and the Board has never met. There is a claim that the organistion is an honorary co host of the China Finance Forum yet if you check the CFF website there is no mention of the AAFM in the co hosts.
According to the website it is now linked with organisations in India and Saudi Arabia presumably with the objective of seeing how gullible these markets are for no value "professional" membership.
The whole thing is just smoke and mirrors designed to extract the dollar from you but giving no benefits. A ouple of other websites have reported that the owner of the AAFM is currently being investigated for fraud.
[W]idespread corruption makes strong rule of law an impossible dream
'The University of Texas Law School has a particularly suspicious track record of admitting less-than-qualified candidates with strong ties to powerful state legislators, including Republican State House Speaker Joe Straus and veteran Democratic State Sen. Judith Zaffrini'.
If one reads the journalism on US bar exams it becomes obvious the percentage of people passing the bar these few decades has dropped and nationally those numbers become quite high. Nothing has changed with these bar exams---what has changed are the qualifications of people and quality of degree coursework allowed to receive a law degree. As well, a growing need for foreign citizens wanting to practice law in the US having attained that law degree overseas having a hard time passing a US law exam. If our law schools are becoming crony in admittance one sees where many students would not be qualified. So, what does a CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA 1% Wall Street crowd do when people they want in official positions cannot meet that requirement? THEY JUKE THE LAW EXAM PROCESS. As we read many law grads failing again and again---there are those finding a pathway around what is a strong legal certification process. This is particularly sensitive in DC where their bar requirements are liberal----bring your own state certification---but our global legal teams do not have that state exam. Who are getting more and more Federal contract awards? Foreign firms who need their lawyers able to practice law in the US. How does that affect competition for US citizens? As these young men TWEETING stated----THIS IS BAD FOR EVERYONE.
We know this growing group of law grads failing their exams are not going away in all cases----we see a pipeline for corruption when our law students are family tied to international trade and global corporations.
Fewer law school graduates pass bar exam in California
A group of administrators from nearly 80 law schools, including University of LaVerne College of Law Dean Gilbert Holmes, has asked the National Conference of Bar Examiners to review how the bar exam is scored after a big drop in passage rates this year. (Cheryl Guerrero)
Jason SongContact Reporter
Less than half of law school graduates who took the July bar exam in California passed
For the first time in nearly a decade, most law school graduates who took the summer California bar exam failed, adding to the pressure on law schools already dealing with plummeting enrollments, complaints about student debt and declining job prospects.
The 48.6% pass rate in California is a drop of nearly 7 percentage points from the previous year; nearly 8,500 people took the test in July. The last time the passage rate dipped below half was in 2005.
Many other states showed similar declines this year. It's unclear why the recent passage rates are so low, but they fell by at least 5 percentage points in 20 states.
The decrease in the number of law school graduates who pass the bar could make it more difficult for schools to attract applicants. As a result, administrators might have to offer further incentives to prospective attorneys, experts say.
Some schools have reduced tuition and increased scholarships, and some have cut staff. Still others are offering dual degrees in an effort to help graduates find jobs.
"Law school deans are in a particularly difficult situation these days," said Derek Muller, a professor at Pepperdine University who writes on the business of law.
All [factors] point to the fact that the group that sat in July 2014 was less able than the group that sat in July 2013. — Erica Moeser, head of the National Conference of Bar Examiners, in a memo
The bar exam is offered twice a year, in July and February. The number of people who take the July test is traditionally far greater than in February. About 45% of test-takers passed the California bar in February.
Many academics say the drop isn't a concern — at least not yet. "We live in a sound-bite society, but one year does not make a trend," said Gilbert A. Holmes, dean of the University of La Verne College of Law.
In 2008, nearly 62% of people taking the July exam in California passed, but that percentage fell nearly 5 points the following year.
Law school administrators began raising concerns about the most recent scores several months ago. Erica Moeser, president of the National Conference of Bar Examiners, a nonprofit that administers parts of the test, said employees verified that no errors occurred in scoring the exam and instead said the test-takers themselves were to blame for the drop.
State bar passage rates
"All [factors] point to the fact that the group that sat in July 2014 was less able than the group that sat in July 2013," Moeser wrote in a memo.
Administrators at nearly 80 law schools responded by sending a letter to the national bar group, asking it to investigate how this summer's test was scored and for Moeser to explain her remarks.
"To make such a damning statement of this group of law students, to label them as being as less able based on solely that the average score was lower than the year before, is what got me upset and what got the other deans upset," said Holmes, who signed the administrators' letter.
Moeser said her organization is reviewing the deans' requests.
She said, however, that the organization would not have released the scores "if we weren't confident" in them.
Some say that Moeser's argument could be accurate. The number of first-year law students has fallen nearly 24% from 2010 to 2013, and the incoming class last year was less than 40,000, the smallest in nearly 40 years, according to the American Bar Assn.
Because the pool of applicants has shrunk and schools accept a higher percentage, it's possible that the students' ability also has decreased, especially in the bottom third of classes, said Brian Z. Tamanaha, a law professor at the Washington University School of Law in St. Louis.
"You have to dig deeper into a smaller pool," he said.
Tamanaha predicted that the downward trend will continue, especially since fewer people apply to law school when the economy improves. "We've accepted many students at high risk of failing the bar."
But many academics said they believe they are still accepting high-quality students. "We admit people who have a realistic chance of passing the bar," said Frank Wu, chancellor and dean of UC Hastings College of Law in San Francisco.
Wu also signed the letter sent to the National Conference of Bar Examiners.
Hastings began admitting fewer students in 2012, in part because Wu felt there were too many attorneys and not enough jobs. Several other schools, including Loyola Law School in Los Angeles, followed suit.
Muller, the Pepperdine professor, said he didn't believe the drop in bar passage could be entirely explained by the test-takers because the rates fell in so many states. "It strikes me as something internal to the bar," he said.
Wu and others agreed that schools need to do a better job of preparing their graduates for a different work environment where they are much less likely to find stable jobs in large corporate firms.
"The legal profession has always been stressful," he said. "This is the new normal. There will be volatility in the legal profession, in the higher-education system, in the economy. We have to learn to adjust."
US cities deemed International Economic Zones under Trans Pacific Trade Pact will see global legal rangling with entities like Wall Street Baltimore Development and when building global corporate campuses and operating in the US as they do overseas-----they must have legal status and certification for deals made inside the US. If we look at global legal activities and their bar examinations and requirements all we see is how corrupt the process is overseas and that comes to the US in all global trade deals. Who do the 1% Wall Street want in our law schools? People with which they are going to work globally and those in the US with degrees to do that.
7DAYS UAE |
Dodgy lawyers on loose
It has long been a cliche that lawyers are a shady bunch.
But now, according to a global survey legal professionals think corruption has tainted their profession, with more than one in five saying they have been asked to take part in potentially underhand transactions.
The London-based International Bar Association (IBA) said nearly half of the 642 lawyers in 95 countries it surveyed earlier this year say corruption affected lawyers in their countries – including all those surveyed in Pakistan, China and Guatemala. Results varied according to region. In Australia and New Zealand, only 16 per cent of lawyers thought corruption was an issue, compared to more than 70 per cent in Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe, the IBA said.
Ludmila Yamalova, managing partner of Dubai-based law firm, HPL Plewka & Colleagues, said corruption in the legal profession was a serious problem in the UAE.
“There’s a lot of corruption… As an example, I have been personally approached for referrals from a firm where they say they will recommend clients to us for a fee, a practice that is banned in the US – its a form of kickback,” she said.
Yamalova said that the lack of standards, such as the Bar exam, for the UAE has also allowed some people to get away with masquerading as lawyers when they are not properly qualified.
Although she was not sure how many such ‘fake lawyers’ might work in the UAE she said: “I have seen enough for it to be a problem.”
One in three of all lawyers surveyed by the IBA
Here in Maryland we have such conflict of interest with all that is government. We had Ben Cardin appear on a government accountability and justice investigation for Insider Trading of a million or so dollars while just a few years later Ben's son is running for Maryland Attorney General. The same occurred in Delaware with Joe Biden having his son running for Delaware AG while in the midst of systemic fraud and corruption at all levels.
We know this will only get worse as they push to install US International Economic Zones where overseas---THESE SAME 1% AND THEIR 2% are operating under developed world legal conditions----very corrupt ---and then it comes back to the US. WE THE PEOPLE must stop these global trade policies bringing nepotism and corruption to our US legal system.
'Nepotism is on the rise, both in Washington and across the nation. After decades of decreases in nepotism under good government laws, there has not just been a resurgence in the practice, but also a new boldness, if not defiance, among government officials using their offices to benefit their family members'.
Nepotism and Congress: Don’t Let Jobs Grow on Family Trees
1, August 21, 2007 jonathanturley CongressPublished 7/30/03
When he became governor of Alaska, Frank Murkowski had to decide who should finish the two years remaining on his U.S. Senate term. After a supposedly exhaustive search, Murkowski appointed his daughter, Lisa Murkowski.
Although the first U.S. senator appointed by a father, Lisa Murkowski is hardly unique among the children and spouses of politicians. For example, Vice President Cheney’s daughter, Elizabeth Cheney, and his son-in-law, Philip Perry, were appointed by President Bush to high-level positions: deputy assistant secretary of State and chief counsel for the Office of Management and Budget, respectively.
Nepotism is on the rise, both in Washington and across the nation. After decades of decreases in nepotism under good government laws, there has not just been a resurgence in the practice, but also a new boldness, if not defiance, among government officials using their offices to benefit their family members.
These officials can find support in a new book by Adam Bellow, “In Praise of Nepotism.” Defending preferential treatment based on family connections, he argues that society gains from family dynasties, which tend to stabilize government. He also believes that hiring famous names is akin to buying a quality trademark.
Nepotism, however, is one of the oldest forms of corruption — and often the first sign of eroding ethics and a lack of public involvement in government. For this reason, it is alarming to see it on the rise in Hollywood, sports, business, pop music and government, as Bellow confirms. Indeed, in the past couple of years, members of the Bush administration and Congress have openly used their offices to lobby for appointments of children, siblings and parents to judgeships and government jobs.
Some of these relatives were criticized as less qualified than other applicants or entirely unqualified, yet still got the positions. The late senator Strom Thurmond, R-S.C., secured confirmation of his son as a U.S. attorney, despite the fact that the then-28-year-old had prosecuted only seven cases on his own in his two years as an assistant state attorney. Likewise, Sen. Jim Bunning, R-Ky., lobbied for a federal judgeship for his 35-year-old son, despite his “unqualified” American Bar Association rating.
Other relatives have found more lucrative jobs as lobbyists. The Los Angeles Times recently reported that at least 28 members of Congress have close relatives working as Washington lobbyists, some without experience. GOP Sen. Trent Lott’s son, Chet, managed pizza restaurants and played polo before becoming a telecommunications lobbyist. The family of Senate minority leader Tom Daschle, D-S.D., includes his wife, Linda, an aviation lobbyist; his daughter-in-law, Jill, a lobbyist for companies such as Aetna and Blue Cross; and his son, Nathan, a former labor union lobbyist.
Nepotism has always plagued our system to some degree. John F. Kennedy appointed his brother as attorney general, and Bill Clinton made his wife the head of a powerful federal commission on health care. Former House speaker Tom Foley, D-Wash., made his wife, Heather, his chief of staff. Bellow points to such cases as recent evidence of a practice that has existed since the earliest forms of government. Of course, inbreeding also has a long history, but it’s hardly a model for good family planning.
The appointment of family members of powerful figures is the modern equivalent of ancient medieval marriages between families of different kingdoms. Such unions give powerful members of Congress and the judiciary vested interests in an administration’s success. The Bush administration seems especially eager to cross-pollinate its ranks with the children and spouses of politicians and judges. Elaine Chao, the wife of Sen. Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., is Labor secretary. Associate Justice Antonin Scalia’s son, Eugene, was appointed by Bush as the top Labor Department lawyer. Chief Justice William Rehnquist’s daughter, Janet, was appointed Health and Human Services’ inspector general until she left in a scandal.
Bellow argues that the progeny of leaders are likely to be more talented and dedicated — an assumption of genetic superiority that borders on governmental eugenics. History hardly supports such a sweeping assumption. For every Robert Kennedy, one can point to a Billy Carter or Roger Clinton.
Moreover, while a child of a powerful leader may have (as Bellow suggests) a special interest in succeeding, the child’s family name also makes it more difficult to criticize or remove him when he proves incompetent. For example, the conduct of Rehnquist’s daughter created a lot of controversy during her brief tenure as inspector general. But it took a federal investigation and confidential leaks to the media to finally dislodge her. No high-level Bush administration official wanted to hand a pink slip to the child of the chief justice on a court divided 5-4 on many important issues.
In Praise of Nepotism cultivates the myth of elite bloodlines. While Bellow insists that merit is an important factor in hiring, he toys with a practice that has been the scourge of good government. Unless citizens demand new rules against this ancient form of corruption, the natural impulses of procreation and politics will guarantee a new golden age of nepotism.
“We found a pattern of lax enforcement of FARA requirements by the Justice Department. We found that the Justice Department office responsible for administering the law is a record-keeping mess. And we found loopholes in the law that often makes it difficult if not impossible for the government to police compliance or to discipline lobbyists who fail to comply.”
As we are hearing our public university law schools have a declining enrollment we see why-----US law grads are not finding jobs. The employment is going to IVY LEAGUE law grads and international law grads working overseas or in our US global corporate offices. This is taking WE THE PEOPLE out of our own public justice system and leaving no opportunity of oversight and accountability as the US Justice Department becomes that global corporate tribunal court system with international lawyers addressing that court. With this coming economic crash and deep recession we will see more or our public justice structure disappear and this is where much of the employment still remaining lies.
WE ARE LOSING US RULE OF LAW BECAUSE WE ARE LOSING OUR ABILITY TO GET OUR FOOT INTO THESE STATE AND FEDERAL BARS.
Unemployment Among Recent Law Graduates Is as Bad as It's Ever Been
By Katherine Mangan June 07, 2012
The employment rate for recent law-school graduates has fallen to its lowest level since 1994, according to figures released on Thursday by the National Association for Law Placement. Only 85.6 percent of 2011 graduates whose employment status was known had jobs nine months after leaving law school.
That rate, which has declined every year since 2008, was two percentage points below the previous year's employment level. The figure is based on data submitted by schools and includes graduates working part time and in jobs that don't require a law degree. (Recently, more than a dozen law schools have been sued and 20 more threatened with legal action over their allegedly inflated job-placement rates.)
According to a report from the association, only 65.4 percent of the 2011 graduates who reported their employment status were working in positions for which they had to pass a bar examination. More than nine percentage points below the 2008 rate, that proportion is the lowest the association has ever measured.
"For members of the Class of 2011, caught as they were in the worst of the recession, entering law school in the fall of 2008 just as Lehman Brothers collapsed ... the entry-level job market can only be described as brutal," the association's executive director, James G. Leipold, said in a written statement.
"When this class took their LSAT's and applied for law school, there were no signs that the legal economic boom was showing any signs of slowing," he said, "and yet by the time they graduated, they faced what was arguably the worst entry-level legal-employment market in more than 30 years."
Fewer than half of the employed graduates were in private practice, a share that has also been steadily declining.
The only glimmer of good news in the report was Mr. Leipold's suggestion that the job market may have bottomed out and might begin creeping up over the next few years.
The shrinking job market and declining applications have prompted some law schools to cut their incoming class sizes, while others have moved ahead with plans to expand.
We see this article from 2004----the Bush era -----where Americans were losing jobs in legal firms then so we know today that number is super-sized. As legal activity goes overseas so too does the ethos and that comes back to the US when legal activities require global firms to have US registered and certified lawyers. We are silent as our young US graduates are pushed to poverty jobs because their degrees are ignored in global hiring.
WELL, I GUESS THERE IS NO REASON FOR 99% OF AMERICANS TO WORK TOWARDS A LAW DEGREE.
$5.8 billion in wages lost to US law grads and that was in 2004. See why our law schools are becoming more and more ALL IN THE FAMILY?
Outsourcing the lawyers
Add attorney to the growing list of white-collar jobs being shipped overseas. How far will it go?
October 15, 2004: 10:34 AM EDT
By Krysten Crawford, CNN/Money staff writer
NEW YORK (CNN/Money) - Contrary to popular perception, Shakespeare didn't really suggest that killing all the lawyers might be a good thing. But that hasn't stopped some people from wishing they would just go away.
And now they are -- attorneys are the latest to see their jobs outsourced.
A number of U.S. companies, including members of the Fortune 500 and some of the country's largest law firms, are now embracing the idea of outsourcing routine legal work to India, South Korea, Australia and other locales with far lower labor costs.
General Electric (Research), the country's fifth-largest corporation, has taken the idea the farthest of any company and set up a subsidiary in India that employs about 30 lawyers.
Smelling opportunity, a handful of companies have sprung up in recent years, both in the U.S. and abroad, that sell outsourced legal services.
One of them, a Chicago-based outfit called Mindcrest sells services like document management and research that feed at the bottom of the legal profession's food chain. With rates ranging from $20 an hour at the low end to $70 an hour at the top, the savings can run as high as 70 percent for work traditionally handled by junior U.S. lawyers who command close to $200 an hour.
"(The U.S. demand for legal work outsourced abroad) hasn't exploded yet," said George Herreran III, Mindcrest's general counsel and a former partner in one of the country's largest law firms. But, he noted that Mindcrest's business has doubled every year since it was founded in 2001. "Our business has been on a significant growth spurt."
Herreran said that Mindcrest plans to double, to just under 40, its number of India-trained lawyers located in Mumbai by year end.
A protectionist profession
Like outsourcing generally, shifting lawyer jobs overseas is still a relatively small phenomenon. The U.S. legal industry, according to government data, is a $184 billion behemoth with roughly a million trained attorneys and about 500,000 support personnel such as paralegals and legal assistants.
This year 12,000 legal jobs moved offshore -- less than one percent of the total -- according to Forrester Research, a Cambridge, Mass.-based market research firm. By 2015, Forrester predicts the job losses will increase to 79,000, with just over half being attorney positions.
One immutable obstacle: the guild-like nature of the U.S. legal profession. Government regulations mandate that only lawyers who are licensed in the U.S. can give legal advice on American law. That effectively means India-trained lawyers who are not registered to practice anywhere in the U.S. are severely restricted in the types of legal work they can perform.
There are, of course, ways to get around the limits. General Electric, for instance, has U.S.-licensed lawyers review the legal work its India-based arm produces, an added measure that experts say could be enough to comply with the law.
Nevertheless, the licensing rules make it highly unlikely that the most lucrative work that lawyers do -- such as trials and advice on mergers or public stock offerings -- will ever leave U.S. shores.
Instead, offshoring is likely to hit low-level work typically performed by legal assistants, paralegals and possibly even junior lawyers who cut their teeth on rote assignments.
"I think what we're talking about is more research and support (work) than legal advice coming out of India," said Bradford Hildebrandt, chairman of Hildebrandt International, a management consulting firm for lawyers that is headquartered in Somerset, N.J.
The firm partnered in June with OfficeTiger, a New York-based outsourcing firm, to sell such services to lawyers.
Herreran emphasized that none of Mindcrest's projects require a law license to perform. Staff might review contracts, for example, and enter their terms into a database.
For critics who think Shakespeare was onto something all those centuries ago, the limited scope of outsourcing legal work should not come as bad news.
Even with routine work performed by nonlawyers, the savings can add up.
According to a report published last year by the University of California at Berkeley, paralegals and legal assistants based in India earn on average between $6 and $8 an hour, compared with the nearly $18 an hour their U.S. counterparts make.
"This is more than a fad," said Hildebrandt.