It is no coincidence that our once strong US IVY LEAGUE universities now simply global hedge fund corporations ----would bring global banking 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS to these private universities. Getting an inside track to global corporate jobs paying more than those in US communities.
How does global banking 1% keep US 99% WE THE PEOPLE from wanting to be US CITIZENS with all those RIGHTS ----get them to PLEDGE those rights away------
'The use of Greek letters for fraternity names started with Phi Beta Kappa at the College of William and Mary in 1776, and since then the names of newly-founded fraternities and sororities have most often consisted of two or three Greek letters that represent the initials of a Greek motto'.
At the same time global banking 1% was getting its GREEK on ----it was creating what today are those global banking 5% FREEMASONS working to kill what was our OLD-SCHOOL REAL masonry tied to PROMETHEUS as patron of our 99% WE THE MASONS AND GENIUSES.
This is where our REAL 99% masonry was corrupted by global banking 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS. Notice it is tied to all that FAKE 5% religious player as 'evangelicals'.
Freemasons' Hall, London
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Freemasons' Hall in Great Queen Street, London
Freemasons' Hall in London is the headquarters of the United Grand Lodge of England and the Supreme Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons of England, as well as being a meeting place for many Masonic Lodges in the London area. It is located in Great Queen Street between Holborn and Covent Garden and has been a Masonic meeting place since 1775. There have been three Masonic buildings on the site, with the current incarnation being opened in 1933.
Parts of the building are open to the public daily, and its preserved classic Art Deco style, together with its regular use as a film and television location, have made it a tourist destination.
In 1846, the World Evangelical Alliance was founded here.
'The pledge against fraternities
| The Journal
Mar 31, 2017 ... The University of Toronto alone has 26 Greek organizations. ... the specific mention of the International Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights of ...'
We want to spend a day as we segue into education public policy to remind where our US 99% were led astray -----why all the articles about ending GREEK society NOW-----because global banking 1% no longer need these PLEDGING societies-----in MOVING FORWARD.
Parents of Penn State Pledge Timothy Piazza: Fix Greek Life or Admit It's 'Broken'
Timothy Piazza (C) with his parents Evelyn Piazza (L) and James Piazza (R) during Hunterdon Central Regional High School football's "Senior Night" at the high school's stadium in Flemington, New Jersey on Oct. 31, 2014.
Prosecutors in Pennsylvania are set to announce on May 5, 2017, the results of a grand jury investigation into the death of the Penn State student, Timothy Piazza, who fell down steps Feb. 4, during an alcohol-fueled pledge ceremony.Patrick Carns / AP
June 2, 2017 / 10:25 AM EDT / Updated June 2, 2017 / 10:25 AM EDT
By Erik Ortiz
The parents of the 19-year-old Penn State University student who died after an alcohol-fueled pledge event in February want the school to either fix the "broken" Greek system or admit it can't — and implement several new measures in response.
In a letter sent to the school's Board of Trustees ahead of its Friday meeting, James and Evelyn Piazza stopped short of demanding Penn State bar fraternities and sororities altogether, suggesting instead that they would leave that up to others.
"Let us be clear, we are not trying to kill Greek life at Penn State. That is for someone else to decide, the BOT perhaps," the Piazzas wrote Thursday. "Our mission is to make it safer, to the extent Greek Life continues, so families no longer have to worry about their child coming home, being hurt or being sexually assaulted. Greek Life at Penn State is broken and must be fixed."
After Tim Piazza's death, will Penn State ban all fraternities and sororities?
June 2, 201702:56
The Greek system on the State College campus has faced intense scrutiny after sophomore engineering major Timothy Piazza suffered a fatal fall at the Beta Theta Pi house. Fraternity members failed to call 911 for almost 12 hours, prosecutors allege.
The Piazzas said they want Penn State to back them up on a number of proposals. Those include:
- Supporting their push to get anti-hazing legislation passed state and nationwide, including criminal penalties for those who fail to report such incidents.
- Introducing stricter policies at the school, including no hazing, no alcohol to underage students, and requiring all Greek members and pledges attend a safety orientation.
- Expelling students who had "culpability" in their son's death.
- Firing the administrators who "turned a blind eye" to the problems within Greek life.
- Firing Tim Bream, the head trainer for the Penn State football program who lived in the Beta fraternity house as their adviser.
"Our son died on your watch," the Piazzas wrote to the board. "We will never see him again because of the Administrations failures to protect him and turning a blind eye to known problems."
Eighteen Beta brothers are currently facing criminal charges, including involuntary manslaughter and aggravated assault. The aggravated assault counts — a first-degree felony — carry a maximum prison term of 10 years to 20 years.
The brothers have not commented after their initial court appearances and another preliminary hearing is scheduled for June 12 for them and the fraternity corporation itself.
Surveillance cameras captured some of the chaos during the Feb. 2 pledge event, when Piazza tumbled head first down 15 basement steps following a night of heavy drinking, according to authorities. The brothers could be seen and heard deciding what to do — and failing to render appropriate aid, prosecutors said. Some of them allegedly physically assaulted Piazza in order to get him to regain consciousness.
Penn State fraternity hazing death of Timothy Piazza: 18 students charged
May 8, 201703:01
Penn State shut down the Beta chapter permanently after an investigation, and the Beta Theta Pi International Fraternity suspended the group. The international's leaders said they have "clearly and consistently expressed its position that it does not tolerate hazing or alcohol abuse."
In a response to the Piazzas' letter, Penn State officials responded Friday that their son's death was "a horrific tragedy and our focus is on reaching solutions to the complex issues of hazing, dangerous drinking and other misconduct that plague fraternities here and around the country."
Since he died, the school implemented several changes on campus, including monitoring at social events to prevent underage and excessive drinking and probation and immediate revocation of a Greek-letter chapter's status if rules are violated.
Sadly, all our US black historical colleges were steeped in both freemasonry and Greek PLEDGING their civil rights away just as we fought for all those US CIVIL RIGHTS during 1960s-70s.
Again, the reason we are seeing all this activity AGAINST GREEKS in America----is that global banking 1% are ENDING this pathway to becoming a 5% freemason/Greek player black, white, and brown player.
We encourage our global 99% of citizens being recruited as hard as they can by global banking CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA neo-liberals to join INTERNATIONAL GREEK SOCIETY-----please don't PLEDGE away the ability to build a REAL left social progressive I AM MAN AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT civil society.
Reasons to NEVER Join a Black Greek Organization
★★★Check Out My Information & Please Subscribe...It's Free★★★ Visit me on my Blog:…
So, since DARK CONTINENT TRIBUTE COLONIAL FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES are not places one goes to ladder-climb the social and economic ladder-----there is no more need for 5% freemason/Greek players black, white, and brown players. Ergo, no more making our US 99% into drinking addicts----no more medieval pledging rituals-----no more pretending 5% freemason/Greek players are WINNERS.
GREEK SOCIETY ONCE FOR ONLY THE GLOBAL 1% AND THEIR 2% IS RETURNING TO BEING JUST THAT. OUR GLOBAL 2% BETTER WATCH OUT---YOU ARE NEXT TO BE BOOTED FROM ALL THESE LADDER-CLIMBING PERKS.
We are sure all those US 1% BOULE think they are still players but remember, the US has no global banking 1% and very few global 2%.
The Future of Frats
By Kiley Roache
Ms. Roache is a sorority member at Stanford.
- April 26, 2018
“Our way of life is under attack,” the keynote speaker said. The women filling the ballroom, many of them wearing a Greek letter lapel pin or a monogrammed sweater, shouted in agreement. It was the 2015 national convention for my sorority, and college administrators and national pundits alike had been deliberating the elimination of Greek life.
Debates about the future of fraternities and sororities have only gotten more intense since then. One part of this discussion is about campus chapters guilty of hazing, sexual assault or intolerance. Most recently, a video emerged of fraternity members at Syracuse University making hateful vows containing racist slurs. There is no debate about what to do with a group that embraces hate like that: It should be kicked off campus, immediately (the Syracuse fraternity, Theta Tau, was permanently banished this month).
But there is also a wider conversation about why fraternities and sororities continue to exist at all and what role they have at a modern university. Shouldn’t we just ban them all?
I don’t think we have to. I am a firm believer that living in a house with your friends, playing beer-drinking games and dancing to overplayed pop songs are not fundamentally incompatible with inclusion, respect and a just society. And on campuses where Greek life remains, it is increasingly popular, according to the North-American Interfraternity Conference.
But Greek life needs to change. In its current form, it fosters not just fun and friendship but also inequality. At a time when many dorms have gender-mixed floors, and a full generation after most single-sex schools began admitting both sexes, these organizations seem like relics. Fraternities and sororities must make a number of changes to ensure their survival, starting with going coed.
Those who defend Greek life talk about how it fosters a sense of community and belonging at a time when many people are far from home and often unsure of their direction. People meet lifelong friends, and sometimes spouses, through the Greek system, and after college, alumni associations can provide networks in new cities. This may explain why people remain fierce advocates of their “way of life” long after graduation.
Studies have shown that fraternity and sorority members also surpass their non-Greek counterparts on a number of metrics. They are more likely to graduate on time and go on to earn higher salaries (though joining a fraternity does seem to have a slight negative effect on grades). In addition to all that they provide their members, Greek organizations also typically raise money for charity and do volunteer work. What’s not to love?
Well, a lot. Those who support Greek life often have a blind spot. The system strictly enforces gender separation and traditional gender roles. Rules that prevent sorority sisters from hosting parties, drinking alcohol or having members of the opposite sex in their houses result in a disproportionate amount of social capital concentrated in male-dominated spaces. While not all fraternities, and certainly not all fraternity men, abuse this social power, some do. This means that women may be excluded from a major social space on campus if they do not adhere to the expectations of fraternity men. This hasn’t just made it easier to exclude women; it has made it easier to objectify them, too.
I would prefer no Greek life to Greek life that continues to marginalize women and other groups. The purpose of higher education is to prepare the next generation to be engaged and democratic citizens. This is why most universities, even those that are private, receive public funding. And Title IX prohibits schools that get such funding from discriminating on the basis of sex. The organizations on these campuses should be held to the same standard.
Despite the perception that critics of Greek life are attacking a “way of life,” it is quite possible to preserve what is good about the organizations — fun with friends and a community based on common values — while dispelling the bad. Implicit bias training could reduce the discrimination based on race and religion that has for years influenced determinations of which prospective members were the right “fit,” and providing financial aid for the expensive dues could bring in students who would otherwise find membership unaffordable.
And sororities and fraternities should go coed. Greek organizations would not be the first single-sex college group to become coeducational. The eating clubs at Princeton were forced to go coed in the ’90s and more recently, some Harvard final clubs have become open to all genders. This year at Yale, the Whiffenpoofs, an a cappella group, admitted the first female member in its 109-year history.
But this change is not just about keeping up with the times. It is about resolving a division that disservices all students. Involvement in Greek life is about building deep friendships, and there is no reason those friendships should be limited by gender.
Of course, there will be resistance, but this is not just about frats and sororities surviving in an increasingly diverse and open world; it’s about them living up to what they were meant to be in the first place. These communities should be based on common values and passions, not on common privileges of sexual orientation, race, religion or gender. Organizations chartered to uphold values of character, leadership and sincere friendship should not object to such a cause; in fact, they should be at its forefront.
OH, YOU MEAN THE LYING, CHEATING, STEALING NO MORALS OR ETHICS NO US RULE OF LAW NO GOD'S NATURAL LAW FAR-RIGHT WING PRAGMATIC NIHILISM---CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA?
'More US undergraduates than ever, about 800,000, currently are members of fraternities and sororities'.
So, this is the public policy that brought the US DOWN-----almost a million US citizens PLEDGING away their CITIZENSHIP------to live for today.
REAL LEFT SOCIAL PROGRESSIVES worked hard in 1980s-90s when global banking 1% media and marketing was selling GREEKS as COOL------as places where WINNERS go........we wanted GREEK FRATS AND SORORITIES off our US PUBLIC UNIVERSITY campuses.
REAGAN/CLINTON CORPORATIZED OUR US PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES BY LOADING THEM WITH GREEK SOCIETIES.
What to know before pledging a fraternity or sorority
By Thom Patterson, CNN
Updated 12:59 PM ET, Wed August 22, 2018
Hazing on college campuses 00:54
(CNN)As America's colleges send out acceptance letters this season, a new crop of students will ask themselves a big question: Should I go Greek?
More US undergraduates than ever, about 800,000, currently are members of fraternities and sororities. Many of them give back to their communities through volunteer work and rely on their network of brothers and sisters for lifelong friendships and professional connections. Still, it's a serious question -- after four fraternity pledge-related deaths last year put hazing under intense national scrutiny.
Penn State sophomore Tim Piazza, 19, died after drinking a large amount of alcohol during his first night of pledging the Beta Theta Pi fraternity. Three other students at three separate schools also lost their lives last year in alleged fraternity hazing incidents: Louisiana State University freshman Maxwell Gruver, Florida State University student Andrew Coffey and Texas State University's Matthew Ellis.
All four of the schools responded by suspending Greek activities on their campuses.
The tragedies "really changed the narrative around the future of Greek life," said Kevin Kruger, president of NASPA, Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education. It triggered a "zero tolerance" attitude among many school presidents when it comes to "some of these more abhorrent behaviors," Kruger said. "Historically, there may have been some hesitancy about taking on the Greek system, but whatever hesitancy that might have existed has now gone away."This spring, the North-American Interfraternity Conference, or NIC, which represents 66 fraternities, launched a pilot program to work with colleges to "reduce hard alcohol from the fraternity experience" and provide more academic balance. "We are seeing commitment and collaboration from fraternities to address problems at unprecedented levels," NIC spokeswoman Heather Kirk said in an e-mail.
Every year news headlines report new allegations linking college students -- including fraternity members -- with acts of sexual misconduct, suggesting deep problems in some areas. But there's also plenty of evidence that the Greek system helps members become better men and women through scholastic achievement, career advancement and community service.Students are still interested in Greek life
Fraternity and sorority membership appears to be trending up. In 2016, the latest year for which data are available, 12.8% of freshmen who responded to a national survey conducted by the University of California, Los Angeles, said there was a "very good chance" they would join a social fraternity or sorority. That was an increase of nearly 2 percentage points from the 2015 survey.
During the 2015-2016 academic year, about 384,200 undergraduates belonged to fraternities nationwide, according to the NIC. New members numbered about 99,800. There were 6,233 fraternity chapters on about 800 college campuses.
New members in US sororities during the 2016-2017 academic year numbered about 145,600, according to the National Panhellenic Conference, or NPC. Total undergraduate sorority membership was more than 418,000.
Greek life is linked to high grades and community service. According to the NIC, the all-fraternity grade point average in the 2013-2014 academic year was 2.912 out of 4, compared with all men nationwide, whose average GPA was 2.892. Fraternity undergrads served 3.8 million hours in local communities, the NIC said, and fraternity chapters raised $20 million for philanthropic causes.The Greek system is as old as America
Americans have been joining Greek-letter organizations since 1776, when Phi Beta Kappa was founded at the College of William and Mary.
Other organizations, such as the Kappa Alpha Society, sprouted at Northeastern colleges during the first half of the 19th century.
The first Greek letter group for women, Kappa Alpha Theta, began in 1870. Many students joined these groups as a way to gain an instant circle of friends.
Historically divided by race
In the beginning, membership in Greek organizations was segregated across racial and ethnic lines. The first fraternities were all white, and none of them admitted African-Americans until the mid-20th century.
The first Greek fraternity for African-American men, Alpha Phi Alpha, formed in 1906 at Cornell University. Its first non-black member joined in the 1940s. Sigma Alpha Mu, when it was formed in 1909, was open only to Jews; starting in 1953, the fraternity allowed any man "of good moral character" to join.
Little data is available about the current racial makeup of American fraternities, but Princeton is an exception. The school gathered demographic information in 2009 and 2010 that showed students who are white and from higher income families are more likely to go Greek. About 77% of Princeton sorority members and 73% of fraternities were white, while the entire student body was only about 48.8% white.Is there hazing in sororities?
In sororities, problematic hazing sometimes involves heavy drinking "but in no way, shape or form does it match what happens in male fraternities," said Hank Nuwer, who's been tracking reports of hazing at US colleges for decades. But, he added, "if it's less serious, it doesn't mean it's acceptable."
In a written statement, NPC chairman Carole Jones said both men and women bear responsibility in the "fight against hazing, alcohol abuse and dangerous party cultures on college campuses. Our aim is to build partnerships with our student life colleagues and with industry leaders that lead to sustainable solutions to these vexing challenges."Accusations of sexual misconduct
Sexual assault on college campuses has been a problem for generations, and news stories over the years about fraternity members engaging in sexual misconduct have put the fraternity system under a microscope. Cornell University put Zeta Beta Tau on probation after finding out its members had set up a contest in which new members would earn points for sleeping with women, according to the school's website.
A 2007 study by researchers at the College of William and Mary found that fraternity men were three times more likely to commit rape than other men on college campuses. The study's authors compared the rates of sexual assault among men who joined fraternities to the rates of sexual assault among men who did not join fraternities.
Supporters say Greek life can offer young students a strong social support network and a more structured lifestyle. Greek organizations often lead to strong lifelong friendships. Greek connections can help forge important professional connections that can propel new graduates into successful career paths. The NIC boasts that nearly half of all US Presidents belonged to fraternities.
Obviously, students can accomplish all these things without belonging to a fraternity or a sorority, which comes at a cost.
The price tag for joining a fraternity or sorority varies widely, depending on the school and the organization, experts say, ranging from a few hundred dollars per semester to several thousand. Sometimes fees include room and board. Often, fees are required for members who choose not to live in fraternity or sorority houses.
Here is a global banking 1% FAKE NEWS media BUSINESS INSIDER telling us GREEK SOCIETY is here to stay in 'AMERICAN' colleges----global banking 1% BEOWULF BLOOMBERG knows that is not true.
'The year opened with an editorial from Bloomberg View calling for the end of student Greek life, claiming that "the fraternities that dominate so much of collegiate social life are of dubious value." These arguments have only increased in the wake of various fraternity controversies this semester, leading to suspended Greek systems for at least four schools — Clemson University, West Virginia University, University of Virginia, and San Diego State University — and a high-profile move by Wesleyan University to co-educate their campus fraternities'.
What is happening in MOVING FORWARD is those global 2% are now being told THEY are winners ----they are being recruited by global 1% OLD WORLD KINGS to be those GREEK PLAYERS. The global 2% from around the world----basically the UNITED NATIONS ----thinking they are the exclusive WINNERS of climbing the economic ladder are of course NEXT TO BE ELIMINATED.
CLINTON FOUNDATION/JOHNS HOPKINS INTERNATIONAL SAIS------ALL TOOLS OF RECRUITING A GLOBAL 2% AS GREEK SOCIETY UNTIL OF COURSE THERE IS NO GREEK SOCIETY.
Yes, this is the source of all those secret hand signs and hand shakes by our US 99% pledging away their CITIZENSHIP in the BEST IN WORLD HISTORY US CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC.
Why Fraternities Will Never Disappear From American College Life
Dec. 3, 2014, 12:10 PM
As 2014 has repeatedly demonstrated, there are serious issues with collegiate Greek life, specifically with traditional social fraternities. Don't expect them to be removed from college campuses anytime soon, though.The year opened with an editorial from Bloomberg View calling for the end of student Greek life, claiming that "the fraternities that dominate so much of collegiate social life are of dubious value." These arguments have only increased in the wake of various fraternity controversies this semester, leading to suspended Greek systems for at least four schools — Clemson University, West Virginia University, University of Virginia, and San Diego State University — and a high-profile move by Wesleyan University to co-educate their campus fraternities.
However, the recent — and seemingly increasing — backlash against fraternities is actually nothing new.
Business Insider spoke with University of Northern Colorado history professor Nicholas Syrett — author of "The Company He Keeps: A History of White College Fraternities"— who said the conversation about banning fraternities had happened many times before.
"It does seem to me that the focus on campus sexual assault and rape is relatively new, but this discussion is hardly unprecedented," Syrett said.
Earlier this year, Newsweek writer Zach Schoenfeld investigated a string of Greek-system shutterings in the 1980s and 1990s, which stemmed from "most of the usual suspects: worrisome hazing rituals, out-of-control alcohol abuse, sexism."
Notably, though, as Shoenfeld and Syrett both point out, these schools were all small liberal arts colleges in the Northeast. Perhaps more importantly, none of the colleges to abolish Greek systems was particularly dependent on fraternities and sororities, either for students' social lives or campus housing.
"When there have been discussions of doing this before, it hasn't happened," Syrett said. "The places that have gotten rid of fraternities were less dependent on them. The notion of repercussions hasn't been as strong."
The only school that dismantled a truly entrenched fraternity system was Princeton University, Syrett said, and it's arguable how successful that change ultimately was. The "eating clubs" that were established in the wake of Greek life's demise, Syrett said, are not dissimilar from the system they replaced.
One of Princeton's eating clubs, Tiger Inn, has recently made headlines for a series of lewd and sexist emails sent out to the membership by two student officers, who have since been removed from their positions.
The Tiger Inn eating club at Princeton University could easily be mistaken for a fraternity house.
Even this semester's system-wide suspensions, which made headlines when first announced, appear to have had a minimal impact on Greek life.
At Clemson, Greek life at least partially resumed within weeks of the original suspension. WVU's, SDSU's, and UVA's fraternity systems remain suspended, but UVA is set to resume Greek activities on Jan. 9 — the first day of fraternity and sorority recruitment.
Perhaps ironically, these large, often public universities are the very schools that could benefit most from a strong Greek system — with thousands of people on campus, fraternities offer smaller communities to students who might otherwise feel overwhelmed or lost in the shuffle.
It's clear that there are serious problems within many fraternity chapters. Syrett told Inside Higher Ed in 2009, after his book first came out, that "ample evidence" existed demonstrating that fraternity members were "involved in more binge drinking, hazing mishaps (some of which lead to serious injury and death), and sexual assault than most of their peers."
Atlantic contributor Caitlin Flanagan also detailed many terrible qualities attributed to fraternities — from hazing to alcohol abuse to poor treatment of women — in an investigative feature for the magazine earlier this year titled "The Dark Power of Fraternities."
However, despite the many issues and repeated calls for the end of collegiate Greek life, it seems exceptionally unlikely that fraternities and sororities will disappear anytime soon — if ever. Here are a few reasons why:
Perhaps the biggest reason that collegiate Greek life will stay on campuses is the practical benefit that the system grants colleges. Greek housing in particular is so ingrained into many campuses that removing it would leave the schools with potentially thousands of students in need of a place to live and a logistical nightmare.
When colleges began significantly growing during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, according to Flanagan, "the fraternities involved themselves very deeply in the business of student housing, which provided tremendous financial savings to their host institutions, and allowed them to expand the number of students they could admit." Flanagan also explains how this has become a potentially inescapable problem for colleges:
Today, one in eight American students at four-year colleges lives in a Greek house, and a conservative estimate of the collective value of these houses across the country is $3 billion. Greek housing constitutes a troubling fact for college administrators (the majority of fraternity-related deaths occur in and around fraternity houses, over which the schools have limited and widely varying levels of operational oversight) and also a great boon to them (saving them untold millions of dollars in the construction and maintenance of campus-owned and -controlled dormitories).
Fraternities often provide colleges with much-needed student housing.
Via Wikimedia Commons
Outside Social Outlets
Fraternities offer a social outlet to college campuses that operates outside of the school's budget and removes much of the potential liability that could threaten an administration.
The Greek system's social benefit to colleges is highlighted in a Trinity College report from 2010 on the future of the school's fraternities and sororities. According to the report, "Between the College regulations and the law, [Trinity] had in fact allowed the popular, late-night social life to become the responsibility of the fraternities."
The Trinity report cites "mutual benefits" for the school and its Greek system — "the College got a social outlet that did not come from the College budget and which existed at a small remove; and the fraternities got the attention and mystique accorded by peers."
Flanagan also notes the social appeal of having fraternities for colleges, writing that "fraternities provide colleges with unlimited social programming of a kind that is highly attractive to legions of potential students, most of whom are not applying to ivy-covered rejection factories, but rather to vast public institutions and obscure private colleges that are desperate for students."
Schools may also be hesitant to get rid of fraternities because they fear a financial blow — Greeks tend to be more professionally successful than unaffiliated students and will most likely donate more to their alma mater.
"At least one study has affirmed what had long been assumed: that fraternity men tend to be generous to their alma maters," Flanagan wrote. This kind of pressure probably prevents colleges from removing Greek life, even if they want to.
"Schools are beholden to donating alumni," Syrett said. "When they try and do something counter to the fraternities' interests, they have to worry about money."
These old-school frat boys are more likely to now donate to their alma mater.
There is another, more intangible, reason that fraternities won't disappear from college campuses anytime soon — their removal may be against the United States Constitution.
When a school administration threatens its campus' fraternity system, students often respond that any ban would infringe on their right to freedom of association, protected by the Constitution. Flanagan writes that while this argument may be "legally delicate," it has "withstood through the years."
She writes: "The powerful and well-funded political-action committee that represents fraternities in Washington has fought successfully to ensure that freedom-of-association language is included in all higher-education reauthorization legislation, thus 'disallowing public Universities the ability to ban fraternities.'"
National fraternity leadership recognizes that individual houses need to be punished if they break school policy, or the law, but that shouldn't affect a college's entire system. In a statement to Business Insider, Pete Smithhisler, the head of the North-American Interfraternity Conference, said:
When there are unsafe situations that arise for any student, colleges and universities must act according to their own policies and procedures to ensure the safety of the entire campus.
However, the NIC is opposed to unilaterally punishing all fraternities and fraternity members based on allegations limited to a handful of bad actors — especially when they are behaving within the school's rules, regulations and codes of conduct. Punishing an entire community for isolated or individual actions undermines the spirit of collaboration and education that is supposed to occur on campus. The NIC encourages colleges and universities to work collaboratively with students and fraternal partners to address the root causes or issues leading to the high-risk behaviors.
Who are the global 2%-----they are these few decades of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA BEOWULFS from each nation playing ROBBER BARON frauds sacking and looting just to be merely rich TEMPORARILY. The BEOWULFS and families will disappear in MOVING FORWARD.
What we see MOVING FORWARD are GLOBAL GREEKS tied to INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS being recruited to what are called AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES.
'Greek students become lifelong members of these organizations and pledge to live by the philosophies of the organization'.
While global banking 1% spent all last century getting our US 99% to PLEDGE AWAY their US CITIZENSHIP----the UNITED NATIONS is selling the idea of GLOBAL CITIZEN. Know what? If our US 99% could not keep their CITIZENSHIP we know the only people being GLOBAL CITIZENS are global corporations and the global 1%.
AFTER ALL-------US SUPREME COURT DECLARED CORPORATIONS ARE PEOPLE WITH CIVIL RIGHTS------
3000BC HINDI BRAHMIN HAS NO GREEK SOCIETY.
We will remind our global 99% of students that ARKANSAS is not our US strong educational state----it has always fought PUBLIC EDUCATION.....Clinton's HOPE ARKANSAS not a GREEK SOCIETY experience ending well
'Graduate School and International Education
International Students and Scholars
International Students & Scholars (ISS)
104 Holcombe Hall
Fayetteville, AR 72701'
Graduate School and International EducationInternational Students and Scholars
International Students & Scholars (ISS)104 Holcombe Hall
Fayetteville, AR 72701
- U of A
- International Students and Scholars
- Events and Programs
- Global Greeks
The Global Greeks Program is designed to allow undergraduate international students and Greek students on campus to interact and form networks with each other.
Who are these International Students?
The students who may be adopted by your organization for this semester are undergraduate international students from many different countries. Some are new to the United States and would like to meet people, make new friends and know more about the American culture.
Who are the Greek Students?
The Greeks are male and female students who are members of a sorority or fraternity on campus. Sororities (for women) and fraternities (for men) are organizations that focus on community service, leadership, academics and social networking. Greek students become lifelong members of these organizations and pledge to live by the philosophies of the organization.
Are you an international student?
As an international student, you will be “adopted” by a Greek organization. You will have one primary person of contact in the organization, and you can attend different programs and functions in your host organization. You will have the opportunity to meet people, attend events and make new friends!
Are you a Greek student?
As a Greek Organization, you will “adopt” an international student. One member of your chapter will be the primary person of contact for the international student. You can invite the student to attend different programs and functions in your organization. You will have the opportunity to meet new people and learn about different cultures!
<!-- intentionally non-empty iframe; for xsl -->
Please note that this program is for undergraduate international students with priority going to new international freshmen.
Fall 2017 Application will start in September 2017. Please check your UARK email.
If we look at the STEPS to becoming a GLOBAL CITIZEN our US 99% WE THE PEOPLE will notice all this sounds the same as last century's STEPS to being a US CITIZEN. We discuss often how CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA few decades dismantled our US Constitution, replacing it with this GLOBAL CONSTITUTION not looking at all like our 300 years of being ALL-AMERICAN. Our US 99% WE THE PEOPLE ended having NO RIGHTS AS CITIZENS----while GLOBAL CORPORATIONS were declared CITIZENS.
'There is another, more intangible, reason that fraternities won't disappear from college campuses anytime soon — their removal may be against the United States Constitution'.
So, yes GREEK SOCIETY will disappear from college campuses----there are no US Constitutional protections MOVING FORWARD.
Below we see when global banking 1% installed these OLD WORLD GREEK CORPORATIONS on our US public university campuses-----this is ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY getting its FRAT ROW in 1961.
'A concrete history
ASU built its fraternity row in 1961, inviting architects in the city to design singular creations for 10 frats on Alpha Drive. It was a solid example of ASU’s desire to promote a thriving Greek community on campus'.
Baby boomer parents in 1970s-80s were protesting in huge numbers to get GREEKS off our public university campuses because they did not want our US 99% of WE THE STUDENTS PLEDGING their citizenship away.
So, now CLINTON FOUNDATION is selling GREEK LIFE to global 2% of students telling them they are GLOBAL CITIZENS.
Seven steps to become a global citizen
By Jenny Clark 2 months ago
Categories Community Development, Gap Year, Internship, Personal Development, Travel, Volunteering
We live in an interconnected world, with a growing focus on becoming more globally-minded.
Many organizations and universities refer to this phenomenon as enhancing “global citizenship”, or creating “global citizens”, and encourage a variety of international activities, including: a volunteer experience, domestic/international internships, a gap year, or an international service-learning program.
What is a global citizen?
A global citizen is an individual who: is aware of the world and has a sense of their role in it, respects and values diversity, and is knowledgeable of and works against social injustices, has an understanding of the world, and participates in communities at all levels (from local to global). A global citizen takes responsibility for their actions and beliefs.
To become a global citizen, you will have to be creative, flexible, dedicated, and proactive. Global citizens take an active part in the emerging world community, and are committed to helping build this community’s values and practices.
This will mean developing skills related to problem-solving, decision-making, critical thinking, communication, and collaboration. These skills are becoming more and more essential to success in the workplace, as well as life in general, and cannot be developed without active, self-directed learning.
Why become a global citizen?
Global citizenship is becoming a widespread topic in higher education because it deals with issues of global interdependence, diversity of identities and cultures, sustainable development, peace and conflict, and inequities related to power, resources, and respect.
The movement of ideas and culture through media and technology is growing, international politics and international relations create systems in which we all live, and environmentally we are all responsible for the health and future of our planet.
This means that 21st-century students will require adequate preparation, so that they may succeed in this quickly-developing world, in both their professional and their personal lives. Universities therefore seek to ‘internationalize’ their campuses by increasing international exposure to their students.
How to become a global citizenNow that we’ve discussed what global citizenship is and why it’s important, let’s take a look at how you can become a global citizen with these seven steps.
1) Get inspired
Find yourself a world map and collect books on places you would like to visit. These can include both fiction and nonfiction, language, or geographical books. Finding your passion and keeping yourself inspired by the breadth of different countries and cultures will give you the motivation to learn and integrate yourself more into the global community.
2) Get educated
Take global education courses at your high school or college, and build your knowledge base for international happenings. Courses involved with leadership, business, or community engagement are especially helpful. Volunteer to organize an ‘International Day’ at your school, join whatever international clubs exist on campus, and get creative and involved!
3) Get hungry
Eat at different traditional restaurants and make strides to learn a language. Get to know the owners of the restaurants – where are they from? What are their stories? Buy a cookbook and try to learn about a different culture’s cuisine. You can even make it fun and have themed parties where everyone brings a specific dish and try to speak only that language throughout the dinner party.
4) Read more
Read globally-minded magazines and pay attention to international news to get better informed about, and keep up with important current events at places you would potentially like to visit. This increased exposure will help you narrow down your focuses, and provide you with a knowledge-base for global trends.
5) Go abroad
Find programs that allow you to study and live abroad, perhaps even with an internship component, for increased mentorship and skills development. If these opportunities include a language-learning option, so much the better. If you’re interested in international careers, this kind of international experience is critical for your success. It’s important that you carefully consider and reflect upon your experiences, to deepen your understanding and integration with the experiential material.
6) Make friends
During your time domestically, you can find ways to establish cross-cultural friendships or relationships on campus, with exchange students, etc. If possible, find an international pen-pal (or an email pal, or Whatsapp pal) and exchange perspectives. This is a good way to prepare for a trip abroad too!
7) Become a leader
As hone your abilities, begin to organize or lead international travel groups. Plan your own trips, and coordinate group travel and study options with your peers. You can also get more involved with the international community on a wider scale. Attend international conferences, participate in international internships, and continue to read up on cross-cultural skills in the work environment from trusted sources.
Plan for your future as a global citizen
The more internationally involved you get, the better equipped you will be with global skills for future career success. It’s important that you stay plugged in, as international trends continue to expand and shift.
Don’t forget to let your interests guide you! Nearly every topic of academic study can include and benefit from an international component, and can help you become a more global citizen.
Feel ready to start making a difference?
Find out more about GVI’s international, award-winning volunteering programs and internships. Choose from community development, animal care, teaching, women’s empowerment, and conservation projects worldwide.
Meanwhile, MOVING FORWARD inside US FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES----the only CITIZENS will be global corporations and global banking 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS.
So, as global banking 1% CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA defund and dismantle all our PUBLIC US UNIVERSITIES----all LIBERAL ARTS AND HUMANITIES in making the only 4 year higher education in town tied to GLOBAL HEDGE FUND CORPORATIONS that used to be those US IVY LEAGUE universities filled with GREEK FRATS AND SORORITIES tracking 5% freemason/Greek players-----
DO GLOBAL HEDGE FUND CORPORATIONS NEED GREEK OR FREEMASONS IN DARK CONTINENT FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES?
Of course CORPORATIONS ARE PEOPLE is a lie----but as important, this ruling seeks to kill all that US 99% WE THE PEOPLE as citizens and EQUAL OPPORTUNITY/ACCESS to K-UNIVERSITY public education.
Here is today's FAR-RIGHT WING BUSH NEO-CON STANFORD UNIVERSITY'S namesake
'That corporation was the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, owned by the robber baron Leland Stanford'.
'Corporations Are People' Is Built on an Incredible 19th-Century Lie
How a farcical series of events in the 1880s produced an enduring and controversial legal precedent
Mar 5, 2018
Somewhat unintuitively, American corporations today enjoy many of the same rights as American citizens. Both, for instance, are entitled to the freedom of speech and the freedom of religion. How exactly did corporations come to be understood as “people” bestowed with the most fundamental constitutional rights? The answer can be found in a bizarre—even farcical—series of lawsuits over 130 years ago involving a lawyer who lied to the Supreme Court, an ethically challenged justice, and one of the most powerful corporations of the day.
That corporation was the Southern Pacific Railroad Company, owned by the robber baron Leland Stanford. In 1881, after California lawmakers imposed a special tax on railroad property, Southern Pacific pushed back, making the bold argument that the law was an act of unconstitutional discrimination under the Fourteenth Amendment. Adopted after the Civil War to protect the rights of the freed slaves, that amendment guarantees to every “person” the “equal protection of the laws.” Stanford’s railroad argued that it was a person too, reasoning that just as the Constitution prohibited discrimination on the basis of racial identity, so did it bar discrimination against Southern Pacific on the basis of its corporate identity.
The head lawyer representing Southern Pacific was a man named Roscoe Conkling. A leader of the Republican Party for more than a decade, Conkling had even been nominated to the Supreme Court twice. He begged off both times, the second time after the Senate had confirmed him. (He remains the last person to turn down a Supreme Court seat after winning confirmation). More than most lawyers, Conkling was seen by the justices as a peer.
It was a trust Conkling would betray. As he spoke before the Court on Southern Pacific’s behalf, Conkling recounted an astonishing tale. In the 1860s, when he was a young congressman, Conkling had served on the drafting committee that was responsible for writing the Fourteenth Amendment. Then the last member of the committee still living, Conkling told the justices that the drafters had changed the wording of the amendment, replacing “citizens” with “persons” in order to cover corporations too. Laws referring to “persons,” he said, have “by long and constant acceptance … been held to embrace artificial persons as well as natural persons.” Conkling buttressed his account with a surprising piece of evidence: a musty old journal he claimed was a previously unpublished record of the deliberations of the drafting committee.
Years later, historians would discover that Conkling’s journal was real but his story was a fraud. The journal was in fact a record of the congressional committee’s deliberations but, upon close examination, it offered no evidence that the drafters intended to protect corporations. It showed, in fact, that the language of the equal-protection clause was never changed from “citizen” to “person.” So far as anyone can tell, the rights of corporations were not raised in the public debates over the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment or in any of the states’ ratifying conventions. And, prior to Conkling’s appearance on behalf of Southern Pacific, no member of the drafting committee had ever suggested that corporations were covered.
There’s reason to suspect Conkling’s deception was uncovered back in his time too. The justices held onto the case for three years without ever issuing a decision, until Southern Pacific unexpectedly settled the case. Then, shortly after, another case from Southern Pacific reached the Supreme Court, raising the exact same legal question. The company had the same team of lawyers, with the exception of Conkling. Tellingly, Southern Pacific’s lawyers omitted any mention of Conkling’s drafting history or his journal. Had those lawyers believed Conkling, it would have been malpractice to leave out his story.
When the Court issued its decision on this second case, the justices expressly declined to decide if corporations were people. The dispute could be, and was, resolved on other grounds, prompting an angry rebuke from one justice, Stephen J. Field, who castigated his colleagues for failing to address “the important constitutional questions involved.” “At the present day, nearly all great enterprises are conducted by corporations,” he wrote, and they deserved to know if they had equal rights too.
We simply wanted to review all last century's battles to KEEP our US public K-universities STRONG-----and how these few decades of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA used public policy to eliminate these US PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
So, yes, OBAMA era RACE TO TOP is indeed ending PUBLIC EDUCATION----these few decades of CHARTER SCHOOLS were simply policies opening the door to massive and systemic looting of what was our US FEDERAL EDUCATION FUNDING.
LOCAL CHARTERS MOVING FORWARD TO GLOBAL CORPORATE CHARTERS AKA-----CORPORATE CAMPUS SCHOOLS.
Why Public Schools Across the Country are Closing Their Campuses
Updated August 06, 2018 | by Grace Chen
In many states, public schools are closing their doors and shuttering their campuses. Learn about why so many schools are shutting down and why it may benefit students in the long-term.
Students in schools across the country may find their campuses and classrooms shuttered beginning next fall. In a scramble to improve student performance and address funding shortages, districts are proposing school closures on large scales. Although parents and teachers are voicing their concerns about such sweeping moves, school and government officials maintain that closing under-performing schools is the right thing to do.
School Closures Across the Nation
New York City Public Schools have been at the forefront of the trend of shutting down under-performing public schools. Most recently, New York City’s Panel for Educational Policy voted to shut down 19 of the city’s public schools. The 19 schools had all been nominated for closure by Mayor Bloomberg on the basis of poor academic performance. The New York Times reports that New York City has closed or is in the process of closing 91 schools since 2002.
Meanwhile, in Chicago, the Board of Education announced in January that it would “close, consolidate, or overhaul” 14 public schools this year, according to the Chicago Tribune.
School districts in Cleveland, Ohio and Providence, Rhode Island have also recently proposed closing schools in an attempt to boost student performance and address budget shortfalls.
Reasons for School Closure
Poor performance is the most common reason given for choosing to close a school. New York City School officials say that high schools are chosen for closure on the basis of low graduation rates, low student scores on standardized tests, declining enrollments, and insufficient levels of academic credit accumulation among students, according to the New York Times’s City Room blog. Middle schools, meanwhile, are usually closed on the basis of low standardized test scores and low parental satisfaction as measured by surveys.
In other areas of the country, districts are closing schools due to low enrollment or outdated facilities. These are some of the reasons that Chicago school officials listed behind their recently announced school closures.
- Move to Smaller Charter Schools - Districts often choose to replace large public high schools that they have closed with small charter schools. The move is meant to benefit students because charter schools often achieve better results on measures of student achievement than large, traditional public schools.
- A Chance to Clear Out Underperforming Teachers - In New York City, the new replacement schools are only required to consider for employment 50 percent of the qualified teachers who lost their jobs in the old school’s closure. Thus, closing a school can be one way for a city to clear out teachers who are not producing adequate results in terms of student achievement.
The decision to close public schools in New York City has been met with outrage by many teachers, parents, and students. NBC New York reports that at the Panel for Educational Policy’s meeting, the final votes for each school closure “were met with boos,” and at one point, the crowd started chanting “Save our schools!”
According to the Huffington Post, Julie Cavanagh, a New York City public school teacher, said that Mayor Bloomberg and the Panel for Educational Policy are promoting a "radical and destructive educational agenda that would privatize our public school system."
The New York City schools chancellor Joel Klein defended the closure of schools against criticisms from students and parents who are upset by the impending changes. Speaking to the Times, he said that although closing a school is never an easy decision, the fact is that “the smaller schools, where they are highly personalized, where they have strong partnerships and involvement with various organizations, those things really have been a successful strategy for us.”
Meanwhile, in Chicago, a local news station reported that teachers are fearful that school closures may “disrupt the learning environment” and damage student-teacher relationships.
And when Cleveland, Ohio recently proposed its own wave of school closures, Michael Casserly, executive director of the Council of the Great City Schools – an organization representing the nation’s largest urban school districts – took the opportunity to address potential concerns preemptively. Speaking at a news conference, Casserly said that the plan for school closures is “in harmony with the strategies of some of the fastest-improving urban school systems across the country.”
We are facing a new era in public education in this country, and the results of the changes, including school closures, will certainly be interesting to witness.