CIVIC ASSOCIATION have for centuries been our local community BUSINESSES -----they work together to create what WAS healthy community business environments. These few decades these CIVIC ASSOCIATIONS have been taken by GLOBAL BANKING 1% CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA to ROBBER BARON fleecing of America----to being filled with 5% freemason/Greek players/pols who are charged with openly operating these criminal black market economies in our FAILED STATE US CITIES.
BALTIMORE CITY HAS SYSTEMATIC, SATURATION OF NOSY NEIGHBOR AND THE GANG ILLEGAL SURVEILLANCE AND PORNOGRAPHY-----tied to political machines and CIVIC ASSOCIATIONS led by gorilla-in-room global corporate campuses LIKE JOHNS HOPKINS in my case ----the top of COMMUNITY CIVIC BUSINESS ASSOCIATION.
MY COMMUNITY CIVIC BUSINESS LED BY GLOBAL HEDGE FUND CORPORATION---JOHNS HOPKINS.
If my community is saturated with NOSY NEIGHBOR AND THE GANG----then I can be sure smaller businesses in a community civic association KNOW this is going on---and/or are profiting from illegal surveillance and pornography.
We are generalizing when we use the term NOSY NEIGHBOR AND THE GANG-----just as we are generalizing when we identify communities/civic business associations as sources of saturated illegal economic activities LIKE illegal surveillance/pornography.
NOSY NEIGHBOR AND THE GANG-----IN RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS----ARE GUILTY OF RACKETEERING ILLEGAL SURVEILLANCE CAPTURE OF IMAGES/VOICES IN PRIVATE LIVING SPACE ----AS WELL AS SAME USED FOR PORNOGRAPHY.
Home / Federal Crime Laws / Racketeering RICO Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations
Racketeering RICO Laws, Charges & Statute of Limitations
By Geoffrey Nathan, Esq.
Federal racketeering laws arose from the legal difficulty of prosecuting the leaders of organized criminal cartels. Under the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, also known as 18 USC §§ 1961-1968, legislators sought to address loopholes that had allowed some criminal bosses to avoid prosecution for activities by avoiding association with criminal acts their accomplices had apparently been ordered to do. Today, RICO provides the backbone of federal prosecution related to racketeering.
RICO defines a wide variety of criminal activities based upon an organization’s status as one that derives income from criminal offenses. Individuals cannot acquire, establish, or operate any enterprise with illegally derived income, acquire or maintain any interest or control of any enterprise through illegal activity, or use any enterprise to commit illegal acts. These laws help federal prosecutors to pursue charges against high-level organized crime figures who might otherwise be able to distance themselves from a variety of charges through an appearance of plausible deniability.
Racketeering Crimes & Charges
Although state laws may prohibit individual aspects of criminal enterprises, federal RICO laws provide the legal force to “bust up” criminal empires that stretch across multiple jurisdictions. Extortion, blackmail, and bribery are three common federal offenses that can cause otherwise lawful organizations to fall under the provision of the RICO Act. Criminal front organizations are frequently subject to scrutiny and eventual prosecution on the basis of RICO.
- Any enterprise that derives any of its income through illegal activity may be subject to additional penalties under RICO. These can include such things as gambling houses, brothels, and so on.
- Otherwise legal organizations that derive some portion of their income through illicit activities may be subject to RICO. For example, a bar with a valid liquor license that provides the cover for illegal gambling or for the planning of unlawful activities may be subject.
- Organizations that are used for the purposes of “laundering” money, even if the majority of participants are unaware of the organization’s criminal connections, may fall under the dominion of RICO. For example, general contractors, waste removal companies and other firms that have sometimes been used to launder “dirty” money may be shut down, have assets seized, or be liquidated in favor of lawful owners.
RICO legislation provides for numerous punishments. Imprisonment for RICO-related activities is not to exceed twenty years, and the individual faces forfeiture of property that was obtained through illicit means. An individual fined under RICO may generally not be fined more than twice the proceeds from their illicit activities.
Racketeering Sentencing Guidelines
Racketeering sentencing guidelines are extremely strict. Although general racketeering statutes provide for maximum imprisonment of up to twenty years, a life sentence is possible if any of the underlying racketeering activities provide for a life sentence. Likewise, in the event that property obtained through illicit means cannot be located, courts can order the forfeiture of any of the defendant’s other properties.
Racketeering Statute of Limitations
Title 18 of the United States Code, section 3282, provides that no person may be brought to trial, prosecuted or punished for any non-capital offense unless they are indicted or information is filed within five years. It is important to note that some criminal activities that might be connected with racketeering may not be protected by the short statute of limitations provided by Title 18.
Racketeering cases have traditionally been at the heart of breaking down some of the longest-running and most powerful criminal organizations. By criminalizing the flow of income that sustains such organizations, authorities have been able to make high-level arrests and bring cases successfully to court. RICO prosecution is an active part of federal law enforcement and “gang busting” to this very day:
- In August of 2013, a jury found notorious mob boss James “Whitey” Bulger guilty of charges including murder and racketeering. As a leader in Boston organized crime, Bulger’s activities spanned several decades. (Bulger Found Guilty: CNN)
- Alleged members of one of the most visible violent gangs in the Chicagoland area, the Hobos, became the targets of federal racketeering and other charges in September 2013 as pressure mounted on prosecutors to crack down on organized crime in the area. (Huffington Post: Alleged Members Face Charges After 6-Year Investigation)
Racketeering Laws by StateIn most states that have their own statutes covering racketeering, defendants face what is known as a “triple threat”. This means that they may face criminal charges, civil charges, and forfeiture.
The Charles Village Civic Association
The CVCA was chartered in 1945 as the University Heights Improvement Association to promote business, property improvement, and single family residency in the neighborhood. The name change came in 1969 to coincide with the neighborhood's rebirth as Charles Village. Over the years, the CVCA has forged constructive partnerships with city and state official, Johns Hopkins University, and the Baltimore City Police (Northern District). Recent CVCA work has included:
- Safety: weekly crime reports, active neighborhood Walkers, police regularly visit CVCA meetings for Q & A, the CVCA wins grants to improve neighborhood safety.
- Traffic Control: the CVCA lobbies for and obtains traffic calming and controls for safer streets.
- Land Use: the CVCA monitors and negotiates for the best development and zoning in the neighborhood.
- Beautification: CVCA volunteers plans trees and flowers, obtain trash receptacles, and clean sidewalks and alleys.
- Special Events: the CVCA sponsors several events every year, including the Charles Village Festival and the Snowflake Tour of Charles Village Homes. See Events for details.
- The Charles Villager: published 5 times year, including a special festival issue; all issues are distributed to Charles Village residents. See the Villager Archive for past issues.
A neighborhood is as strong as every neighbor's involvement.
Join the CVCA today and help make a great neighborhood even greater!
Where is Charles Village?
The charter of Charles Village defines the neighborood's boundaries as begining at the intersection of N. Charles Street and W. 29th Street, proceeding west on W. 29th Street to N. Howard Street, then south to W. 21st Street, then east to Greenmount Avenue, north to E. 33rd Street, then west to East University Parkway, northwest to N. Charels Street and south to the place of beginning. In determining the geographic area of Charles Village, the foregoing description of the boundaries of the Corporation includes both sides of all streets and alleys referenced or contained in such description. Charles Village contains Harwood, Barclay, and Abell neighborhoods.
The map above is high resolution and can be enlarged when downloaded.
What is the History of Charles Village?
Originally named Peabody Heights, after one of Baltimore's most genereous benefactors and the area's advantageous elevation, the neighborhood now known as Charles Village was an early experiment in suburban living. City planners eyed the land as early as the 1870s, but development wasn't feasible until after the then-rural area was annexed in 1888. By that time, Baltimore was pushing at its boundaries and even areas just south of Peabody heights, like "Old Goucher," which had been mocked as being little more than corn fields, were quickly built up and sold out.
Several country estates and surrounding pastures were soon consumed by the 1890's building boom in Peabody Heights. The 2700 block of Saint Paul Street was the first of the new construction, completed in 1897, and stood just one block south of the horse-drawn trolley line's last stop. These large row houses were priced between $4-7.000, clearly marketed for the comfortable middle class. Most notable was the small yard (20 feet of grass) in front of every building. No homeowner downtown enjoyed such a surburban amenity.
Peabody Heights quickly prospered, thanks in part to the efforts of the "Peabody Heights Improvement Association," established in 1899. Half a century later, the name "Peabody Heights" hardly stirred recognition among Baltimoreans and so, in an effort to underscore the neighborhood's determination to remake itself, the community adopted a new name -- "Charles Village," coined by local resident Grace Darin in 1967. Charles Village is now part of the Charles Village Benefits District, a special assessment district which also includes the neighborhoods of Abell, Harwood and Charles North, and provides extra service and support to neighborhood residents and businesses.
For more on the various organizations that help make Charles Village one of America's great neighborhoods, go to our resources page.
Who's on the CVCA Board?
- Sandy Sparks,President
- Eric Dymond, Vice President
- Jeff Noll, Treasurer
- Bob Cooke, Recording Secretary -
- Jennifer Erickson, Membership chair,
- Carlo Carlini
- Matt Compton
- Brendan Coyne
- John Fink
- Robert Kanigel -
- Patricia McLane
- Greer Meisels
- Heather Owens -
- John Spurrier
For contact information see the contact page.
CVCA board members are nominated by the CVCA Nominations Committee, which strives to secure the most diverse, representative board membership. General members may also nominate candidates for the board. All nominees are presented to the general membership for election in the fall. Board members serve two-year terms and may be re-nominated for additional terms.
For more on governance,including by-laws and charter, go to the governance page
This morning I am getting dressed for work------I hear nosy neighbor saying-------THEY CAN'T SEE HER------last night I hear nosy neighbor complaining ALL SHE DOES IS READ.
THEY CAN'T SEE HER----in my bathroom because I have been undressing and dressing----as well as bathing in the tub BEHIND MY SHOWER CURTAIN. I use my toilet in DARK as much as possible----just in case I have not removed all cameras in bathroom.
When a citizen realizes they are exposed to NOSY NEIGHBOR AND THE GANG and compromised as with me-----first, work to clear all devices from apartment or house-----take the time---it may take a few months. Record all FEEDBACK and know that CHATTER is filling feedback that is fake------know the difference between chatter that HELPS-----and chatter meant to confuse.
Once I felt able to identify the locations of surveillance devices---both camera and microphone I was able to simply create habits meant to avoid capture such as undressing in tub behind curtains---keeping bathroom DARK------AND knowing there is a SMOKE DETECTOR with CAMERA AND MICROPHONE-----above my bed in bedroom-----I make sure to keep myself against that wall-----not many images from BEDROOM CAM----inside SMOKE ALARM.
At this I KNOW there are still microphone capture----my SMART TV in bedroom----my tapped CELL PHONE is still in apartment----and SMOKE ALARM in bedroom ----of course OUTSIDE SURVEILLANCE CAMERA AND MICROPHONE can capture voice especially as I keep my back door open.
After I spend these few months working to make my living space SAFE----free from illegal surveillance and pornography------the NOSY NEIGHBORS AND THE GANG directly around my building are LOSING REVENUE SOURCES because they are not getting pornography from MY 1ST FL apartment and I hope through THE NETWORK capture of my conversations that the 3rd fl tenet is making that apartment safe.
DRY UP REVENUE SOURCES FOR NOSY NEIGHBOR AND THE GANG------NO CAPTURE OF PORNOGRAPHY TO SELL----YOU ARE STARVING THAT OPERATION.
Many nosy neighbors are simply fellow apartment tenets----they may be next door neighbor home-owners----or they may be first floor small business owners.
Loss of pornography revenue by a fellow tenet for example will make that ability to pay rent disappear ---it may force that tenet to GET A HEALTHY JOB=====or move. Loss of pornography revenue by a next door home-owner may compromise the ability for that home-owner choosing to be a nosy neighbor to pay MORTGAGE LOAN for example-----so, they may be forced out or forced to GET A HEALTHY JOB. Some homeowners are using nosy neighbor pornography income to supplement a salary income-----those cases losing that revenue may HARM NOSY NEIGHBOR ability to pay MORTGAGE LOANS----