Today we want to look at two more examples -----FLORIDA EVERGLADES and GREAT SMOKEY MOUNTAINS. Remember, Great Smokey Mountains or OAK RIDGE was the scene of WW2 medical atrocities tied to MANHATTAN PROJECT -----it has been a research site for US MILITARY ------now global PRIVATE MILITARY-----taking on a far different look.
Jimmy Carter did UNESCO EVERGLADES in 1970s------the first attack on a NATURAL WONDER OF NATURE-------was to drain the everglades preparing to make it RICE for exporting globally. This is how UNESCO sees protecting NATURAL BEAUTY for maximum profiteering. These sites are simply designated for NATURAL RESOURCE SACKING AND LOOTING.
UNESCO designation of EVERGLADES began an expansion for GLOBAL SUGAR BARONS----taking more NATURAL BEAUTY and making them GLOBAL RICE BARONS.
This would not have happened under US NATIONAL PARK designation.
'Fanjul brothers - Wikipedia
The Fanjul brothers — Cuban born Alfonso "Alfy" Fanjul Jr., José "Pepe" Fanjul, Alexander Fanjul, and Andres Fanjul — are owners of Fanjul Corp., a vast sugar and real estate conglomerate in the United States and the Dominican Republic'.
Florida Crystals Corp
Florida Crystals Corporation produces sugar products. The Company offers products such as organic, natural, and demerera sugar, as well as evaporated cane juice, and rice products. Florida Crystals operates throughout United States.SECTORConsumer StaplesINDUSTRYConsumer ProductsSUB-INDUSTRYAgricultural ProducersFOUNDED06/30/1997ADDRESS1 North Clematis Street Suite 200 West Palm Beach, FL 33401 United States
Florida Crystals leans heavily on its cane. One of the top US sugar producers, owner Fanjul Corp. company processes some 3 million tons of sugar a year. It farms sugar cane on some 68,000 acres and operates two sugar mills, a rice mill, a sugar refinery, a packaging and distribution center, as well as a renewable power plant. Its products include certified organic, granulated, powdered, and brown sugars, and agave nectar, which are sold under the C&H, Florida Crystals, Jack Frost, and Redpath brands. With the Sugar Cane Growers Cooperative of Florida, Florida Crystals owns American Sugar Refining, the world's largest care sugar refiner and holder of the Domino and Tate & Lyle sugar brands.
In 1979 EVERGLADES was a sight to behold-----just a decade or so it was a DISASTER TO BEHOLD. Failed engineering with goals having nothing to do with why EVERGLADES was made a US NATIONAL PARK.
'The fires are a vivid, symbolic reminder that we’ve got a long way to go. History’s bill is coming due for a century of bad decisions, and we haven’t yet figured out how to pay it'.
World Heritage Reports
World Heritage Reports
Bronze sign outside of Coe Visitor Center showing the designation of Everglades NP as a World Heritage Site.NPS photo
In recognition of its outstanding universal values, Everglades National Park was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979, during the 3rd session of the World Heritage Committee. Several natural resources criteria were emphasized in the inscription, including the unique geological processes of the limestone substrate, the juxtaposition of temperate and subtropical species and habitats, the complexity and integrity of biological processes in the park, the large number of bird and reptile species, and the unique threatened species that reside in the ecosystem, including the Florida panther, Everglades snail kite, American alligator and American crocodile, and the West Indian manatee.
Reports are regularly compiled in response to reporting requirements of the World Heritage Committee. For this reason, two important dates are highlighted in a number of analyses: 1979 when Everglades National Park was designated a World Heritage Site, and 1993 when the park was placed on the list of World Heritage Sites in Danger. The reports are intended to consolidate information—on the progress of Everglades Restoration projects, and on the status of ecological indicators of site integrity—which may be utilized in decision-making regarding the status of the park as a World Heritage site. In addition, the content of the reports is intended to be broadly applicable and can assist park managers in the future to gauge the overall response of the Everglades ecosystem to factors such as changes in water operations, climatic variations, and implementation of large-scale Everglades restoration projects.
The designation at 1980 only a decade later turned that WORLD HERITAGE NATURAL BEAUTY into a FIRE-BURNING BOG environmental NIGHTMARE.
Who did this? UNESCO is WORLD BANK and these global NGOs are THE DECIDERS and global banking 1% foreign corporation was what UNESCO felt this US TREASURE needed.
'The bad news is that the project is deeply flawed, particularly when it comes to getting water to the Everglades. And now it’s stalled by money problems, engineering problems, and political problems. The Everglades is as sick in 2008 as it was in 2000'.
Florida: Growing Rice in the Everglades
November 4, 2016
By Judy Biss, Calhoun County Ag Agent, Florida
On a recent trip to Arkansas, I was captivated by the beauty of vast fields of flooded rice nearly ready for harvest. That image is just something you don’t see every day in the Florida Panhandle! Equally interesting is the fact that rice is a semi-aquatic plant, related to wild rice “cousins” which grow natively right here in Florida waters. So, I decided to learn more about how rice grows, and if there is a rice crop in Florida. Turns out rice is indeed grown in Florida, the acres of which are beginning to increase.
With the expansion of AGRICULTURE in EVERGLADES comes more and more and more FERTILIZERS/PESTICIDES------which of course has altered the EVERGLADES for the WORST for hundreds of years. Animal species DYING EN MASS-----how BEAUTIFUL says UNESCO-----think of the MONEY.
US 99% WE THE CITIZENS OF FLORIDA----ZERO----GLOBAL BANKING 1% OLD WORLD SPANISH KINGS-----batting 1,000,000
Why the Everglades is burning, and how we sucked it dry
By Michael Grunwald on May 22, 2008
It’s hard to believe, now that it’s been overrun by 7 million residents and 7 jillion strip malls, but southern Florida was once America’s last frontier. As late as 1880, the census recorded just 257 residents in a county covering most of the region — because most of the region was a watery wilderness called the Everglades. Mapmakers weren’t sure whether to draw it as land or water. Politicians dismissed it as uninhabitable swampland. Explorers described it as a “godforsaken” and “hideous” and “abominable” morass, “suitable only for the haunt of noxious vermin, or the resort of pestilential reptiles.”
When good wetlands go bad.
Those explorers never would have imagined that the Everglades would get so dry that it would burn out of control, or that desolate southern Florida would become a sprawling megalopolis. But those two weird developments are intimately related. The wildfires raging through nearly 40,000 acres of the Everglades this week are the direct legacy of the elaborate water-management system that made southern Florida safe for human civilization. The system has functioned according to design for decades, but it’s killing the Everglades, and it’s ultimately unsustainable for human South Florida as well.
Environmentalists like to say that the Everglades is a test; if we pass, we may get to keep the planet. I wrote a book about the death and possible rebirth of the Everglades that was basically dedicated to the proposition that southern Florida is where we’re going to find out whether humans can live in harmony with nature, and perhaps avoid the water wars that could otherwise dominate the geopolitics of the 21st century. The fires are a vivid, symbolic reminder that we’ve got a long way to go. History’s bill is coming due for a century of bad decisions, and we haven’t yet figured out how to pay it.
When It Drains, It Pours
For all its famous sunshine, southern Florida has always been one of the rainiest swaths of North America; with 60 annual inches, it’s significantly wetter than Seattle. And for thousands of years, most of that water ended up in Lake Okeechobee and the Everglades, a panoramic sheet of shallow water flowing through 100 miles of serrated sawgrass from the lake all the way down to Florida Bay. In fact, the fires that are now raging in the northeast corner of Everglades National Park are incinerating one of the wettest sloughs of the original “river of grass.” Another fire ravaging 25,000 acres around Lake Okeechobee is actually burning drought-exposed lakebed.
The scientific term for this phenomenon is FUBAR. Sloughs and lakes are not supposed to be flammable. Sure, there were fires in the natural Everglades, but they were caused by lightning strikes during summer rains, and were quickly extinguished by the waterlogged landscape. The Everglades is incredibly flat, declining just a few inches per mile, so its original wetlands were incredibly wet, storing rainfall and recharging underground aquifers in the summer so that there was still water on the ground when the rains stopped in the winter. If you were a glutton for punishment, you could have walked across the entire marsh without getting your hair wet, and without stepping on dry ground.
But starting in the 1880s, Americans determined to subdue Mother Nature started trying to drain the Everglades with canals, hoping to create a new paradise for agriculture and development. A few lonely voices warned that ditches could turn the swamp into a desert, but most Floridians agreed with Gov. Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, who declared in the early 1900s that if drained swamps could really burn, “the great bogs of Ireland would have been ash heaps long before St. Patrick drove out the snakes.”
But sure enough, the early ditches started sucking the marsh dry, ruining wells, damaging soils, and, yes, igniting fires so smoky that children in Miami had to cover their faces at school. And in the summer, southern Florida’s torrential downpours overwhelmed the ditches, converting farmland back to swampland, inspiring the first jokes about buying Florida land by the gallon. The jokes seemed a lot less funny in 1928, when a hurricane blasted Lake Okeechobee through a flimsy muck dike, killing 2,500 pioneers in the Everglades.
Enter my friends in the Army Corps of Engineers, the ground troops in America’s war against nature. They built the massive Hoover Dike around the lake, forever cutting off the Everglades from its wellspring. Then they built America’s most ambitious flood-control system, with more than 2,000 miles of levees and canals, plus pumps so powerful the engines were cannibalized from nuclear submarines. The project gave water managers power to move almost every drop of rain that fell south of Orlando, allowing them to whisk floodwaters into the lake, the Everglades, or its estuaries for the convenience of thirsty farms and communities that only wanted water when they wanted it.
These waterworks made southern Florida safe for 400,000 acres of sugar fields, as well as one of the spectacular development booms in human history. On the southeast coast, suburbs like Coral Springs, Miami Springs, Sunrise, Miramar, Weston, and Wellington began sprouting west of I-95, paving over the eastern Everglades. And on the southwest coast, Naples and Fort Myers started marching east into the western Everglades.
Unfortunately, most of that boom took place back when wetlands — which absorb stormwater, cleanse drinking water, and nourish wildlife — were still considered wastelands. The result is a dying ecological treasure, but also a megalopolis that still seesaws between dangerous floods in the wet season and harsh droughts in the dry season.
Today, half the original Everglades has been lost, along with its ability to smooth out high-water and low-water events. The other half is a mess — usually too dry, occasionally too wet, always polluted and discombobulated. The ecosystem hosts 69 endangered species, including the Cape Sable seaside sparrow, which exists only in Everglades National Park, and could use some flame-retardant pajamas this week. Water is supposed to be the lifeblood of the Everglades, but these days it barely reaches the park.
With Trends Like This, Who Needs Enemies
Meanwhile, since the leaky Hoover Dike is at risk of a catastrophic failure, and water managers don’t want a repeat of the 1928 disaster, they often blast billions of gallons out of the lake when it gets high, ravaging the St. Lucie and Caloosahatchee estuaries to its east and west, wasting fresh water they need in times of drought. For example, they dumped tons of water into the sea to prepare for the 2006 hurricane season — just in time for a two-year drought that has left Lake Okeechobee three feet below its normal level.
That’s how southern Florida got into its current predicament. Raindrops that used to fall on wetlands, recharge aquifers, and dribble across the landscape all year long now land on yards, roads, and parking lots, migrate into canals, and get whisked out to sea. And now the exurbs have moved to the doorstep of the Everglades, where they constantly stick new straws into the aquifers. So now the Everglades is parched enough to burn out of control when some yahoo gets careless with matches. And millions of people in the surrounding suburbs suddenly have to worry about smoke and particulates as well as unbearable traffic, overcrowded schools, skyrocketing insurance rates tied to the omnipresent threat of a hurricane, and a disappearing sense of place.
The good news is that in 2000, Congress decided to fix all these problems, enacting the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan to restore some semblance of southern Florida’s natural hydrology. It’s a complex project, but the basic idea is to spend $12 billion on reservoirs and high-tech wells that will store rain that used to be stored by wetlands, then redistribute it to people, farms, and the Everglades when it’s needed.
The project passed with overwhelming bipartisan support in both Washington, D.C. and Tallahassee, because everyone agreed that the Everglades was a national treasure. It’s supposed to be a model for ecosystem restoration work in the Great Lakes, Chesapeake Bay, Louisiana’s coastal wetlands, and even southern Iraq’s Garden of Eden marshes.
The bad news is that the project is deeply flawed, particularly when it comes to getting water to the Everglades. And now it’s stalled by money problems, engineering problems, and political problems. The Everglades is as sick in 2008 as it was in 2000.
Eventually, it will stop burning. But it will still be dying.
GREAT SMOKEY MOUNTAINS became an UNESCO site in 1983 but the UN application was made by JIMMY CARTER. We discussed in detail the WW2 medical atrocities tied to MANHATTAN PROJECT happening at OAK RIDGE -----the history of US military snuggled in SMOKEY MOUNTAINS has been around a while.
The problem comes when UNESCO is allowed to have a huge land designation in GREAT SMOKEY MOUNTAINS which happens to INCLUDE------OAK RIDGE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY-----DEFENSE. During CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA our US military became global private military complex working for UNITED NATIONS/WORLD BANK taking that OAK RIDGE research station with it. What was under US NATIONAL PARK regulations has become NATO/WORLD BANK/UNITED NATIONS which do not abide by US sovereign policies.
'World Heritage Site
In 1983, Great Smoky Mountains National Park was selected as one of the first UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The designation recognizes the park's "exceptional natural beauty" and its "world importance." Learn more about this special designation'.
OAK RIDGE for decades was tied to NUCLEAR WEAPONRY-----today under UNESCO it is being made GLOBAL MILITARY BIOWEAPON technology to include TELEMEDICINE BRAIN/BODY IMPLANTS-----biomedicine.
Who will make sure UNESCO BIOSPHERE in SMOKEY MOUNTAINS having an emphasis on BIOWEAPONRY is keeping our GREAT NATURAL BEAUTY safe from TOXICITY?
Well, there is all that URANIUM in THEM THAR SMOKEY MOUNTAIN HILLS.
GREAT SMOKEYS' health went south after that UNESCO designation.
'1 1. OAK RIDGE RESERVATION PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND NATURAL RESOURCES
The topography, geology, hydrology, vegetation, and wildlife of the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) provide a complex and intricate array of resources that directly impact land stewardship and use decisions (Fig. 1). The purpose of this document is to consolidate general information regarding the natural resources and physical characteristics of the ORR. The ORR, encompassing 33,114 acres (13,401 ha) of federally owned land and three Department of Energy (DOE) installations, is located in Roane and Anderson Counties in east Tennessee, mostly within the corporate limits of the city of Oak Ridge and southwest of the population center of Oak Ridge. The ORR is bordered on the north and east by the population center of the city of Oak Ridge and on the south and west by the Clinch River/Melton Hill Lake impoundment. All areas of the ORR are relatively pristine when compared with the surrounding region, espe-cially in the Valley and Ridge Physiographic Province (Fig. 2). From the air, the ORR is clearly a large and nearly continuous island of forest within a landscape that is fragmented by urban develop-ment and agriculture. Satellite imagery from 2006 was used to develop a land-use/land-cover cover map of the ORR and surrounding lands (Fig. 3). Following the acquisition of the land comprising the ORR in the early 1940s, much of the Reservation served as a buffer for the three primary facilities: the X-10 nuclear research facility (now known as the Oak Ridge National Laboratory [ORNL]), the first uranium enrichment facility or Y-12 (now known as the Y-12 National Security Complex [Y-12 Complex]), and a gaseous diffusion enrichment facility (now known as the East Tennessee Technology Park [ETTP]). Over the past 60 years, this relatively undisturbed area has evolved into a rich and diverse eastern deciduous forest ecosystem of streams and reservoirs, hardwood forests, and extensive upland mixed forests. The combination of a large land area with complex physical characteristics and diverse natural resources has provided a critical foundation for supporting DOE’s environmental research mission, as well as the area in which to build leading-edge facilities'
My question for FRANK HOLLEMAN supposedly the ENVIRONMENTAL LAWYER fighting for the health of GREAT SMOKEY'S is this? How can he not mention this partnership with UNESCO bringing all kinds of very toxic military bioweapon research capable of causing far greater concern than coal or gas pollution?
We fix this first by ENDING THAT DESIGNATION OF UNESCO. Who came from Western Europe to build the MANHATTAN PROJECT which became our US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY/DEFENSE----well, it is happening again----NOT ALL----AMERICAN.
We have enough to deal with trying to keep tabs on US SECRET AGENCIES-------US HOMELAND SECURITY has a duty to protect the interests of UNESCO operations over that of local, state, 99% WE THE US CITIZENS.
Meanwhile, after a few decades of UNESCO designation GREAT SMOKEYS are in serious DECLINE. That's GOOD says UNESCO----we need the natural mining and gas corporations to tear this NATIONAL NATURAL TREASURE apart.
'Secret Bases · Great Smoky Mountains National Park
www.secret-bases.co.uk/wiki/Great_Smoky...Great Smoky Mountains National Park is considered the most polluted national park according to a 2004 report by the National Parks Conservation Association. From 1999 to 2003, the park recorded approximately 150 unhealthy air days, the equivalent of about one month of unhealthy air days per year'.
'Y-12 National Security Complex - Wikipediaen.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y-12_National_Security_Complex The Y-12 National Security Complex is a United States Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration facility located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, near the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It was built as part of the Manhattan Project for the purpose of enriching uranium for the first atomic bombs'.
Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere
International Biosphere Reserve
In 1988, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, together with 13 other public agencies, were designated as an international biosphere reserve, known as the Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere (SAMAB). The SAMAB is a public/private partnership promoting the environmental health and stewardship of natural, economic, and cultural resources in the South Appalachians.
“I feel like our legislature has kind of become like a fast food restaurant for business interests that want to eliminate particular protections that are causing them trouble,” she said. “The legislature is saying, ‘You can have it your way.’
Easily the biggest environmental issue lawmakers faced this year was coal ash, prompted by the Feb. 2 spill from a Duke ash pond that coated 70 miles of the Dan River with gray sludge.
Gov. Pat McCrory proposed legislation to address the utility’s 33 leaky ash ponds at 14 coal-fired power plants across the state, and House and Senate leaders came up with their own versions of the bill.
Both proposals would have required Duke to remove ash from four of its plants considered to pose the highest risk, including the Lake Julian facility in Asheville and the Eden plant on the Dan River, and put it in lined landfills or sell it for reuse in the construction industry within five years.
It would have been up to state regulators and a new commission to determine the risk posed by the remaining dumps, potentially allowing Duke to “cap” the ash and leave it in place. The bill would have eliminated the wet storage of coal ash.
But after weeks of negotiations behind closed doors, a conference committee couldn’t work out differences between the two versions of the bill.
Sen. Tom Apodaca, chair of the Senate Rules Committee, said he would bring the legislation back up after the November election, although House leaders said they would like to take another shot at the bill later this month.
“The Senate passed a weak bill, the House passed a worse bill, and the legislature passed no bill,” said Frank Holleman, an attorney with the Southern Environmental Law Center. “The only winner in this sorry spectacle is Duke Energy’s pollution, and the losers are the people of North Carolina and its clean water.”
The other big environmental issue taken up by state lawmakers this year was the controversial drilling method hydraulic fracturing, better known as fracking.
McCrory in June signed the Energy Modernization Act, clearing the way for permits to be issued for fracking as soon as next spring. The measure lifted a 2012 moratorium that blocked permits and refined previous legislation to allow companies to extract oil and gas from the ground by injecting high-pressure mixtures into rock.
McCrory said the law would spur economic development and create jobs, particularly in rural counties.
“The expansion of our energy sector will not come at a cost to our precious environment,” he said in signing the measure. “This legislation has the safeguards to protect the high quality of life we cherish.”
Fracking involves drilling down into shale rock more than a mile below the surface. The rock is cracked, and millions of gallons of water laced with gravel or sand and chemicals are pumped in under high pressure, forcing natural gas back up through the pipe.
Many believe fracking chemicals are dangerous and contaminate groundwater. Only state environmental and emergency officials would know what chemicals were used in an emergency. The legislation also bars local governments from enacting regulations on oil and gas exploration.
Studies by the U.S. Geological Survey found two shale basins in the state believed capable of producing natural gas. They cover parts of Rockingham, Chatham, Moore and Lee counties.
But state environmental officials plan to test for significant natural gas deposits in seven Western North Carolina counties. Geologists are to collect rock samples to be analyzed for how much organic carbon they contain, which should help determine the potential for extraction from the sedimentary rock.
The General Assembly last year mandated the testing and allocated $550,0000 over two years for the project statewide. The mountain counties where the samples will be collected are Clay, Cherokee, Macon, Graham, Swain, Jackson and Haywood.
McCrory said North Carolina “has sat on the sidelines as a state for too long on gas exploration” and needs to create jobs and make the country more energy independent.
Mayfield said legislators had promised to review a finished package of rules before voting to allow fracking permits, but instead the permits will be issued next year without another vote even though the rules are still under development.
“I don’t think anybody expected fracking not to become legal, but we all thought the legislature would have another chance to approve it,” she said. “Basically the rules go into effect by default.
“The rules are the specifics about how fracking will happen in this state. If they are not protective enough, we’re putting North Carolina communities risk of groundwater contamination.”
The bill makes it a misdemeanor to reveal the contents of the fracking chemical cocktail.
“If you want to protect your community, you can be criminally prosecuted for it,” Mayfield said.
A regulatory reform bill introduced this session would have required the Department of Environment and Natural Resources to remove any ambient air quality monitoring station not required by federal law, including nine of the 19 stations in Western North Carolina.
The monitors measure harmful pollutants like ozone and particulate matter, said David Brigman, director of air quality for Buncombe County. Closing some of the stations would mean losing valuable data that help to determine if areas are in compliance with clean air rules, he said.
“The monitors are for the protection of human health,” Brigman said.
The regulatory reform bill was referred to committee at the end of the session, but Mayfield fears it could be brought back up for consideration later this year or next.
“It just doesn’t make any sense,” she said. “This is a legislature that isn’t actually interested in having information on which they can base decisions.”
The same regulatory bill also includes provisions to weaken rules for the closure of animal waste containment basins and to make it more difficult for citizens to challenge permits for toxic air pollutants. Another would stop DENR from disclosing complaints and investigations involving farms.
“It has some very damaging provisions,” Mayfield said of the regulatory reform bill, “so we’re happy those have not become law yet.”
TENNESSEE is home of AL GORE----you know, that far-right wing global banking 1% CLINTON NEO-LIBERAL who cares SO MUCH about GLOBAL WARMING----melting glaciers----he says DON'T WORRY about what all that global miltarized weaponry looks like---it will be GREEN-----make lots of money--kill the environment and make CLIMATE CHANGE rise.
'ORNL: New research facility will serve expanding missions in ...
May 08, 2019 · A conceptual drawing is shown above for the new Translational Research Capability at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. (Image courtesy ORNL) ... will be built for world-leading research in computing ...'
Hmmmm, nuclear stockpiles amid bioweapons and ONE WORLD ONE TECHNOLOGY/ENERGY GRID--------we see why TRUMP had to pull out of UNESCO pretending it has anything to do with PALESTINIANS or RUSSIA RUSSIA RUSSIA.
BUT WHAT ABOUT ALL THAT NATURAL NATURE BEAUTY CALLED THE GREAT SMOKEY MOUNTAINS?
The biggest construction project in the history of Tennessee is about to begin
$6.5 billion Uranium Processing Facility project underway at Y-12 National Security Complex
October 18th, 2015 | by Mike Pare
› Formal name: Y-12 National Security Complex
› Use: Maintaining the nation’s nuclear weapons stockpile
› Size: 811 acres; 150 high-security acres
› Employees: 4,600 workers; 2,800 employed by subcontractors
› Annual wages: $417 million
Source: Y-12, Chattanooga Chamber
OAK RIDGE, Tenn. — The biggest single construction project ever in Tennessee is slated to ramp up next year, and Chattanooga area companies have the chance to tap into it, officials say.
"Now is the time to be ready," said Rich Brown, procurement director for the $6.5 billion Uranium Processing Facility project underway at the Y-12 National Security Complex.
Brown told a group of about 50 Chattanooga area business and political leaders last week that 2016 is when construction will ratchet up on UPF. The site will provide a modern location for maintaining the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile and replace a badly aging facility.
The group toured the heavily guarded Y-12 complex and the nearby Oak Ridge National Laboratory as Chattanoogans seek more ways to grow business ties with the federal facilities, which together receive some $4 billion in annual funding.
U.S. Rep. Chuck Fleischmann, R-Tenn., who led the delegation, said Oak Ridge remains the uranium center of the country and Y-12 has "a critically important mission."
He said the U.S. Department of Energy has a plan for bidding out goods and services for UPF construction and doing business with Tennesseans first.
While UPF funding is low now, the aim is to increase federal appropriations significantly with an eye on completing the massive project by 2025. The $6.5 billion price tag dwarfs even huge building projects, including the $4.5 billion cost for the Watts Bar Nuclear Power Plant Unit 2 and the $2.4 billion Wacker is spending on its Charleston, Tenn., polysilicon facility.
Brown said UPF construction at its peak will spur 2,400 jobs. Estimates are that the project also will create 9,600 supporting jobs, he said.
"Everybody's got a chance to participate in this project," he said. "We go from the most complex to commercial off-the-shelf items."
Y-12 also provides nuclear materials for the U.S. Navy and research reactors, and it disposes of materials and does packaging and storage.
› Formal name: Uranium Processing Facility
› Use: State-of-the-art, consolidated facility for enriched uranium operations
› Cost: $6.5 billion
› Construction jobs: 2,400 at peak
› Needed construction materials: 15,000 tons of structural steel; 10,000 tons of rebar; 3.2 million feet of wire and cable
› Planned completion: 2025
› For UPF supplier information: www.chattanoogachamber.com/can-do/existing-business-support/the-nations-uranium-processing
Nearby, the vast ORNL is the Department of Energy's largest science and energy lab nationally.
Thom Mason, ORNL's director, said half of the lab's work is basic research with about 25 percent related to national security. About 6,000 people work at the lab on a daily basis.
At the ORNL Manufacturing Demonstration Facility, officials showed off products made by 3-D printing, or so-called additive manufacturing.
Bill Peter, the facility's deputy director, said that sectors ranging from aircraft production, automobile assembly, and prosthetic manufacturing can benefit from 3-D printing. A Shelby sports car sat nearby, and Peter said its chassis and body panels were made using additive manufacturing.
"You can make things you just can't make any other way," he said.
Jeff Bruce, engineering manager for paper food packaging maker Southern Champion Tray, said he sees potential applications for the Chattanooga-based company.
"We have our own machine shop," he said, noting there is manufacturing it could do through the use of 3-D printers.
Branch Technology, a Chattanooga start-up, uses 3-D printing to construct building walls, said Kathryn Foster, who heads the city's small business incubator.
"They've been working with Oak Ridge," said Foster, adding the company has been in the Business Development Center for about four months.
At ORNL's Carbon Fiber Technology Facility, the lab makes the material that's lighter and stronger than steel.
Volkswagen, which has a production plant in Chattanooga, is a member of a consortium of 50 companies interested in what's going on with carbon fiber advances, officials said.
ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source is called a one-of-a-kind research facility that provides the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world for scientific research and industrial development.
Ken Herwig, ORNL's neutron scattering sciences group leader, said there's typically three times more requests for science at the facility than it can do. He said the largest group of people who use the facility come from universities.
Having opened in 2006, Herwig said SNS is just "hitting full stride."
Charles Kimbrough Jr., director of operations and business development at Chattanooga-based C.J. Enterprises Inc., said the records and information management company first worked in Oak Ridge in 1988. He said he sees further opportunities ahead for Chattanooga businesses working with the Oak Ridge facilities.
"They're good for small businesses," Kimbrough said.