The MERCHANTS OF VENICE were the first in Europe to allow Jewish merchants to join in their economy. Banking existed well before 500-1500 AD but it was this old world global trading period that made the super-wealthy banking families-----across all population groups. The Jewish merchants partnered with the MERCHANTS OF VENICE----- the richest Jewish banking families partnered with the royal families of KINGS AND QUEENS. All of the above had their family and businesss associations-----secret societies and all were working to kill the 99% of global citizens they wanted to ENSLAVE.
Below we see that ethos of doing anything to accumulate wealth---it is the same as CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA. ALL LAW CAN BE VIOLATED FOR POWER.
'To a Venetian, that is just which is for the good of the state; that is pious which increases the empire…. What the senate approves is holy even though it is opposed to the gospel…. They are allowed to do anything that will bring them to supreme power. All law and right may be violated for the sake of power.”
The Venetian Empire had that government of rich merchant families----first hundreds of families participated---then it ended with the SENATE OF TEN AND A DOGE. This is what we saw in our US Congress during the phoney 2009 sessions of SEQUESTRATION AND RESCUING OUR ECONOMY------THE GANG OF 5-----THE GANG OF 7------all tied to global merchant wealth. They were openly moving from our history as a sovereign US nation back to those days of MERCHANTS OF VENICE.
We saw these transitions of governance take hold around the world during these NEW WORLD ORDER transitions -----our US Congress was filled with THE SENATE OF TEN. The Chinese politburo was built on these same governance structures -----all connected to that power hold from old world MERCHANTS OF VENICE. It is no coincidence that all members of these GANGS tended to be those enriching themselves most from these few decades of massive frauds and corruption growing their own global mechant business interests.
Gang of Eight
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaGang of Eight may refer to:
- Gang of Eight (intelligence), a common colloquial term for a set of eight leaders within the United States Congress for intelligence matters
- Gang of Eight (fiscal matters), a colloquial term for eight leaders within the United States Congress for fiscal matters
- Gang of Eight (immigration), a colloquial term for eight leaders within the United States Senate who wrote the 2013 immigration bill
- Gang of Eight (Soviet Union), a group of eight high-level officials within the Soviet government who attempted a coup against Mikhail Gorbachev
The policies surrounding immigration for example throughout a CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA was about growing that global slave trade human capital distribution system ----the same as existed in the MERCHANTS OF VENICE EMPIRE-BUILDING. The people assigned to these GANGS -----represented families from global 1% and their 2%. All of these GANG members were the original BREAKING THE BANKING GLASS STEAGALL global 1% Wall Street neo-liberals and neo-cons-----now moving control of all Congressional legislative policy writing into that VENETIAN SENATE OF 10.
Immigration’s Gang of 8: Who are they?
By Rachel Weiner January 28, 2013 There's a new bipartisan gang in town known as the Gang of 8: Eight senators who will unveil an immigration overhaul Monday.
Florida Sen. Marco Rubio/AP
Comprised of four Republicans and four Democrats, the group came together remarkably quickly on an emotional and divisive issue that lawmakers have struggled to deal with for decades. What changed, obviously, was the 2012 election.
But why these eight senators? Here's a breakdown of everyone in the "Gang of Eight" and their reasons for getting involved.
* Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.): The Cuban-American Rubio is positioning himself to run for president in 2016 as a candidate with broad demographic appeal, and he has been pushing for his own immigration reform plan in recent months. Rubio initially resisted the group's approach in favor of his own policy, but he joined in December after receiving assurances that the proposal would line up with his own ideas. For the rest of the group, having a popular conservative and rising Republican star gives the bill a much better chance at passage. For Rubio, it means not getting left out of what could well become law.
* Sen. Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.): Flake's libertarian-oriented brand of conservatism has always included a pro-immigration stance. It was the main issue rival Wil Cardon used against him in a Senate primary last year. In 2007, he worked with Rep. Luis Guitierrez (D-Ill.) on a guest worker program and path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants. At the same time, as a Republican in Arizona he's also concerned about border security. Like Texas, Arizona has a large and increasing Hispanic population; Flake's electoral future is likely a consideration here too.
* Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.): McCain is a long-time advocate of immigration reform who tried and failed to push a comprehensive overhaul back in 2006. He backed off in the 2008 election and into 2010, seeing that his position was toxic with the Republican base. (Who could forget McCain's "complete the dang fence" ad?) Now that the party has come around, it makes perfect sense that McCain will help lead the effort.
* Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.): Like Flake and McCain, Graham has pushed for immigration reform before and has consistently argued that the GOP can't survive without it. Unlike either of them, he is very vulnerable to a conservative primary challenge next year. "No one will argue that Sen. Graham is taking the lead on this because of some political re-election calculation," said Walter Whetsell, a longtime South Carolina Republican strategist. "There are still many Republican voters in South Carolina that believe in a fairly rigid approach." But, Whetsell added, as the dynamic in the party shifts, Graham's consistency on the issue could ultimately serve him well.
* Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.): Durbin authored the original DREAM Act giving undocumented young students residency and a path to citizenship; he will want to be involved to make sure a bipartisan agreement isn't too watered down. He's also the Senate Majority Whip, so he will play a key role in rounding up Democratic votes for whatever the actual legislation winds up looking like.
* Sen. Robert Menendez (D-N.J.): Menendez is a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus and has long been passionate on this issue. He introduced his own comprehensive immigration reform bill in 2010, when he was the only Hispanic member of the Senate. He was an early proponent of the DREAM Act, and along with Durbin has ties to pro-reform groups that will want to see a real pathway to citizenship.
* Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.): Schumer is the chairman of the Refugees and Border Security subcommittee of the Judiciary Committee. He took over for the late Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.), who tried and failed to pass a bipartisan, comprehensive immigration framework in 2007. Schumer and Graham attempted bipartisan talks in 2010. And, Schumer is widely regarded as the next Democratic Senate leader so delivering on such a major issue would be (another) feather in his cap.
* Sen. Michael Bennet (D-Colo.): Bennet has only been in the Senate since 2010, but he's already been staking out ground as a bipartisan reformer on the issue. It has relevance in Colorado, which is 20 percent Hispanic and ranks 12th in the nation for undocumented immigrants. Bennet recently developed a state compact on immigration with former Republican senator Hank Brown that calls for federal action and a "sensible path forward" for some undocumented immigrants. Bennet is also the chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee and could have his eye on the politics of a deal.
One could tell by the Congressional votes during the Clinton era who the global Wall Street players were and WE THE PEOPLE should have been PROACTIVE in rolling protests----getting Wall Street players out of both major parties-----as the primaries and general elections were being obviously rigged and filled with fraud to fill all levels of government-----Federal, state, and local with the 5% to the 1%.....each one of these GANG MEMBERS is tied to the global rich -----working as their representative while enriching themselves TRYING HARD TO MOVE INTO THAT GLOBAL 2%.
No Democrat or Republican in these GANG LISTS----they were always global 1% Wall Street playing THE MERCHANTS OF VENICE.
When you swim with sharks-----YOU ARE EATEN.
Gang of Eight (fiscal matters)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaThe Gang of Eight referred to a group of eight leaders of each of the two parties from both the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives that formed in 2013 in hopes of forging a bipartisan compromise on the Fiscal Cliff crisis that arose that year.
- Sen. Michael F. Bennet, D-Colo.
- Sen. Tom Coburn (Finance Committee member), R-Okla.
- Sen. Kent Conrad (Budget Committee Chairman), D-N.D.
- Sen. Saxby Chambliss, R-Ga.
- Sen. Mike Crapo (Finance Committee member), R-Idaho
- Sen. Richard J. Durbin (Majority Whip), D-Il.
- Sen. Mike Johanns, R-Neb.
- Sen. Mark R. Warner, D-Va.
Members of the Gang of Eight (intelligence)
This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (July 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Leadership in the United States House of Representatives:
- Leadership in the United States Senate:
We shared and discussed briefly an association called JACOBIN. Remember these societies change in membership and goals over centuries and indeed thousands of years in some cases. In the times of MERCHANTS OF VENICE----1500s ---these were secret societies filled with that 5% working to break up ROYAL MONOPOLIES ON TRADE AND BUSINESS so they joined the merchants of Venice in wars against KINGS AND QUEENS. They were never pro-99%------they were the global merchant enslavers.
Their modus operandus back in those days of old world wealth was to instill in the MASSES----that fevor of revolution that lead to the 5% bringing down the 1% so these small percentage of global rich families----as in the merchants of Venice----could regain all the wealth lost as the KINGS AND QUEENS moved global trade over to those pesky AMERICAN COLONIES. Kings and Queens as 1% getting emensely rich in trade while those merchants of Venice were BANKRUPTED.
These secret societies NEVER have the interests of the 99% in mind-----they use the 99% to gain power for a few. Here we see this secret society JACOBIN -------working to get the European masses revolutionary bringing down the royal famiies in France, Spain , Italy, Anglo-Saxon, Scandanavia-----AND YES, THE AMERICAN COLONIES.
Getting rid of royal 1% control is a good thing for the 99%----only those leaders were not OUR LEADERS----they always intended to take the riches of the royals for themselves-----PRETENDING TO HELP WE THE PEOPLE.
An alliance between enemies of my enemy are always needed to advance public policy----but WE THE PEOPLE TIME AFTER TIME allow those players working for their own gain REMAIN OUR LEADERS.
That is who CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA WERE-----they were always global Wall Street players pretending to help the 99% labor and justice by lying, cheating, and stealing they enriched themselves.
Yes, the leaders of our American Revolution were indeed tied to secret societies like the freemasons working only to advance their own personal wealth----not to free WE THE PEOPLE. We did manage to expand rights and citizenship over these few centuries as the MERCHANTS OF AMERICA grew in wealth but we FELL ASLEEP AT THE WHEEL -----did not educate on public policy , history----to know when we were again to be DUPED.
The Jacobin movement encouraged sentiments of patriotism and liberty amongst the populace
JacobinFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Jacobin (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Jacobite or Jacobian.
Jacobin ClubFrench: Club des Jacobins
Seal of the Jacobin Club, 1789–1792.
Motto"Live free or die" (French: Vivre libre ou mourir)
Formation6 October 1789; 227 years ago
Founded atVersailles, France
Extinction11 November 1794; 222 years ago
PurposeEstablishment of a Jacobin society:
- 1789–91: Abolition of the Ancien Régime, creation of a parliament, introduction of a Constitution and separation of powers
- 1791–95: Establishment of a republic, fusion of powers into the National Convention, establishment of an authoritarian-democratic state
HeadquartersDominican convent, Rue Saint-Honoré, Paris
MethodsFrom democratic initiatives to public violence
Membership (1793)Around 500,000
PresidentAntoine Barnave (first)
Maximilien Robespierre (last)
Key peopleBrissot, Robespierre, Adrien Duport, Jean-Paul Marat, Desmoulins, Mirabeau, Danton, Billaud Varenne, Paul Barras, Collot d'Herbois, Saint-Just
AffiliationsAll groups in the National ConventionFrench: Société des amis de la Constitution), after 1792 renamed Society of the Jacobins, Friends of Freedom and Equality (French: Société des Jacobins, amis de la liberté et de l'égalité), commonly known as the Jacobin Club (Club des Jacobins) or just collectively Jacobins (French: [ʒa.kɔ.bɛ̃ ], English /ˈdʒæ.kə.bɪnz/), was the most famous and influential political club in the development of the French Revolution. Initially founded by anti-Royalist deputies from Brittany, the Club grew into a nationwide republican movement, with a membership estimated at a half million or more. The Jacobin Club was heterogeneous and included both prominent parliamentary factions of the early 1790s, the radical Mountain and the more moderate Girondists.
The Merchants of Venice became movements and secret societies like the JACOBINS AND FREEMASONS----working to regain all that wealth lost in the DECLINE OF VENETIAN EMPIRE-----created revolutions against the royal 1% and their global banking families and VOILA we have a very citizen-based Constitution-----legal and court reforms -----and these few centuries have brought lots of CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY. We had the global 1% re-enter our US governance to bring the 1929 economic crash ------and those pesky global 1% through CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA which killed all those MERCHANTS OF VENICE businesses here in the US----UK---Europe just as back in the 1500s with the Decline of Venetian Empire. Whether today's 1% are represented by old world royal families or those small percentage of very wealthy old world trading families-----these are today's GLOBAL CORPORATE TRIBUNAL -----FOR WHOM OUR CONGRESS AND CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA have been working these few decades.
We have watched as HOSTILE CORPORATE TAKEOVERS-----CORPORATE BANKRUPTCY LAWS------allowed healthy corporations be killed----we watched as global market policies allowed all our community local economies and businesses die----and it is all tied to these same BATTLES BETWEEN THE MERCHANTS OF VENICE AND THE GLOBAL 1% RICH.
'Friday’s figures also showed the number of people being declared insolvent had also risen.
A total of 34,743 people were declared insolvent during the three months to the end of June, five per cent more than during the same period a year earlier'.
We are not having the physical civil wars of 1500-1700 where the merchants fought to undermine the royals for more market share but this is exactly what is happening these few decades------a 5% killing the 99% while working to keep the wealth of one side or the other in place-----The 5% to both groups----the 1% and their 2% both pretend to help the 99% while using THE MASSES to undermine each other.
Dozens of companies 'going bankrupt' every day, new figures show
Forty five companies are going bankrupt every day as the credit crisis approaches its third anniversary, new figures show.
More than 4000 firms were forced into liquidation over the past three months, an increase of 0.5 per cent, according to the Insolvency Service. Photo: ALAMY
By Andrew Hough, and Myra Butterworth
8:00AM BST 07 Aug 2010
More than 4000 firms were forced into liquidation over the past three months, an increase of 0.5 per cent, according to the Insolvency Service.
But the statistics, released in a week when banks reported profits of more than £15 billion, were down by almost a fifth compared to the same time last year.
The figures appear to show that many firms were still struggling through the effects of the recession. It has led to some calls for banks to lend more.
Carl Jackson, the head of recovery at Tenon, an accountancy firm, said that due to an "inevitable" rise in interest rates many firms were looking at a tough future.
“I don’t think it will take too much of an increase to actually force some of those struggling, debt-laden businesses to call it a day," he said.
Friday’s figures also showed the number of people being declared insolvent had also risen.
A total of 34,743 people were declared insolvent during the three months to the end of June, five per cent more than during the same period a year earlier.
The figures are lowered than the previous quarter, but experts suggested worse is to come as public spending cuts come into effect.
Despite the economy emerging from an 18-month recession and growing twice as fast as expected in the second quarter of this year, many fear the government’s austerity drive put that in jeopardy.
“I’m afraid this is just a temporary reprieve before any impact of the planned spending cuts kicks in,” said Mark Sands, head of bankruptcy at accountants RSM Tenon.
“It’s not only a total loss of income that forces people down the insolvency route; it’s any reduction in income.
“The mooted movements of the public sector workforce to the private sector could lead to a period of unemployment and even a pay cut leaving them unable to cover their monthly outgoings.”
Chris Nutting, director of personal insolvency at accountants KPMG, agreed that “unfortunately this is likely to be but a temporary reprieve”.
“The broader economic picture suggests a bleak future for a large number of people as they struggle to pay off their debts whilst employment prospects, especially in the public sector, continue to be uncertain,” he said.
The individual insolvencies consisted of 14,982 bankruptcies – which were down on the same period a year ago and 13,446 of its less stringent form, Individual Voluntary Arrangements (IVAs) – which were up on the same period in 2008.
An IVA is an arrangement that is entered into with those owed money, while a bankruptcy involves a formal court order where assets are sold to pay off creditors.
An alternative to bankruptcy – a debt relief order (DRO) – is also available, but various restrictions limit those who can apply, such as not owning your own home and having debts of less than £15,000.
The number of DROs reached 6,295, the highest level since they were first introduced in April last year.
Brian Johnson, an insolvency practitioner at HW Fisher & Company, said: “Many consumers are still highly stretched financially and public sector spending cuts are only going to make things worse over the course of the next two years.”
“The feeling among insolvency practitioners is that this is the lull before the storm.
“The smaller first wave of more extreme cases may be behind us but the larger second wave of the mass of people who are still in a perilous condition financially is now approaching.”
Any article we read comes with a bias so whenever reading BROADLY------think whose advantage is the author taking and use those pieces of information that advance your interest----please don't continue to allow those national media and global 1% tell WE THE PEOPLE what is POPULIST----what is CONSPIRACY THEORY-----read broadly and know history.
'One of the greatest myths of contemporary history is that the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia was a popular uprising of the downtrodden masses against the hated ruling class of the Tsars. As we shall see, however, the planning, the leadership and especially the financing came entirely from outside Russia, mostly from financiers in Germany, Britain and the United States. Furthermore we shall see, that the Rothschild Formula played a major role in shaping these events'.
We just talked of the partnership of MERCHANTS OF VENICE and the Jewish merchants with secret society groups like Jacobin to bring down the global 1% royals to take their wealth. This was 1500-1700------fast forward to last century and the massive global banking frauds tied to the economic collapse of 1929 bringing the GREAT DEPRESSION----and we see the same kinds of intrigues between those global rich 1% and their 2% this time it is the UK and US banking rich wanting to bring down the RUSSIAN ROYALTY.......
We know the GREAT LEAP FORWARD MAOIST REVOLUTION was this same group of 1 % and their 2% pretending to be helping the 99% of labor and justice while simply reforming societal structures in China for the global 1% industrialists. It was never left communism ----it was always meant to ENSLAVE THE 99%. Well, so was the RUSSIAN REVOLUTION with all the talks of MARXIST SOCIALISM-----again, those MERCHANTS OF VENICE seeking wealth from ROYAL 1%-----sparking the masses into revolution to topple those royals to take that wealth for themselves. It was NEVER about helping WE THE PEOPLE------Stalin and the death of a Lenin or Trotsky was simply a power struggle between the 1% and their 2% of families.
Either way the citizens of Russia----whether pushed to collectivism under a Trotsky staging those pesky 5% to steal those social collect assets-----or the takeover of this collective scheme by a Stalin----all where those global 1% and their 2% having goals of ENSLAVING WE THE PEOPLE.
So, yes it would make sense that a banking structure like global Rothschild would have funded these Russian revolution plans-----as with other UK and US banking families.
Who financed Lenin and Trotsky?
Monday, January 23, 2012 12:05
Vatic Note: If you are wondering why I keep harping on the international khazar Rothschild bankers, just read this below and you will understand why. This is real history, not written by the khazars or Rothschild or the bankers and all of it can be verified through documents etc. So even after 100 years, nothing ever changes, only the actors but the same crowd running it all and their progeny. Remember, the ashkenazi Jews are really not Jews, rather Khazar Satanist pagans using Jews to take the blame for all they do in their name. Just like they are doing right now to the USA expecting we will take the blame for what they have done in our name through deception, infiltration, blackmail and threats and if need be, even murder. Does JFK Jr, or Wellstone ring a bell???
Who financed Lenin and Trotsky?
by The Wild Boar
Page 123:The top Communist leaders have never been as hostile to their counterparts in the West, as the rhetoric suggests. They are quite friendly to the world’s leading financiers and have worked closely with them, when it suits their purposes.
As we shall see in the following section, the Bolshevik revolution actually was financed by wealthy financiers in London and New York. Lenin and Trotsky were on the closest of terms with these moneyed interests both before and after the Revolution. Those hidden liaisons have continued to this day and occasionally pop to the surface, when we discover a David Rockefeller holding confidential meetings with a Mikhail Gorbachev in the absence of government sponsorship or diplomatic purpose.
Chapter 13 – MASQUERADE IN MOSCOW
One of the greatest myths of contemporary history is that the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia was a popular uprising of the downtrodden masses against the hated ruling class of the Tsars. As we shall see, however, the planning, the leadership and especially the financing came entirely from outside Russia, mostly from financiers in Germany, Britain and the United States. Furthermore we shall see, that the Rothschild Formula played a major role in shaping these events.
This amazing story begins with the war between Russia and Japan in 1904. Jacob Schiff, who was head of the New York investment firm Kuhn, Loeb and Company, had raised the capital for large war loans to Japan. It was due to this funding that the Japanese were able to launch a stunning attack against the Russians at Port Arthur and the following year to virtually decimate the Russian fleet. In 1905 the Mikado awarded Jacob Schiff a medal, the Second Order of the Treasure of Japan, in recognition of his important role in that campaign.
Jacob Schiff was head of the New York
investment firm Kuhn, Loeb and Co. He
was one of the principal backers of the
Bolshevik revolution and personally
financed Trotsky’s trip from New York
to Russia. He was a major contributor
to Woodrow Wilson’s presidential
campaign and an advocate for passage
of the Federal Reserve Act. (p. 210)
During the two years of hostilities thousands of Russian soldiers and sailors were taken as prisoners. Sources outside of Russia, which were hostile to the Tsarist regime, paid for the printing of Marxist propaganda and had it delivered to the prison camps. Russian-speaking revolutionaries were trained in New York and sent to distribute the pamphlets among the prisoners and to indoctrinate them into rebellion against their own government. When the war was ended, these officers and enlisted men returned home to become virtual seeds of treason against the Tsar.
They were to play a major role a few years later in creating mutiny among the military during the Communist takeover of Russia. (VN: That is what we watched them try to do here with the hate and fear mongering between right and left at the grassroots level aided by their “disinfo paid agents who have access to press, radio, and TV”, all now owned by the same bankers. When that didn’t work they went back to trying to stir up hate and fear between muslims and christians with bogus black ops blaming them on one side or the other, that also didn’t work. This time they have used “SATANISM” on the military which will have the same effect, inhumanity and barbarism. My prayer is these soldiers are smart and will turn in the end to defend us, their people)
TROTSKY WAS A MULTIPLE AGENT
One of the best known Russian revolutionaries at that time was Leon Trotsky. In January of 1916 Trotsky was expelled from France and came to the United States. It has been claimed that his expenses were paid by Jacob Schiff. There is no documentation to substantiate that claim, but the circumstantial evidence does point to a wealthy donor in New York. He remained for several months, while writing for a Russian socialist paper, the Novy Mir (New World) and giving revolutionary speeches at mass meetings in New York City. According to Trotsky himself, on many occasions a chauffeured limousine was placed at his service by a wealthy friend, identified as Dr. M. In his book, My Life, Trotsky wrote:
The doctor’s wife took my wife and the boys out driving and was very kind to them. But she was a mere mortal, whereas the chauffeur was a magician, a titan, a superman! With the wave of his hand he made the machine obey his slightest command. To sit beside him was the supreme delight. When they went into a tea room, the boys would anxiously demand of their mother, “Why doesn’t the chauffeur come in?” (Leon Trotsky: My Life, New York publisher: Scribner’s, 1930, p. 277)
It must have been a curious sight to see the family of the great socialist radical, defender of the working class, enemy of capitalism, enjoying the pleasures of tea rooms and chauffeurs, the very symbols of capitalist luxury.
On March 23, 1917 a mass meeting was held at Carnegie Hall to celebrate the abdication of Nicolas II, which meant the overthrow of Tsarist rule in Russia. Thousands of socialists, Marxists, nihilists nand anarchists attended to cheer the event. The following day there was published on page two of the New York Times a telegram from Jacob Schiff, which had been read to this audience. He expressed regrets, that he could not attend and then described the successful Russian revolution as “…what we had hoped and striven for these long years”. (Mayor Calls Pacifists Traitors, The New York Times, March 24, 1917, p. 2)
In the February 3, 1949 issue of the New York Journal American Schiff’s grandson, John, was quoted by columnist Cholly Knickerbocker as saying that his grandfather had given about $20 million for the triumph of Communism in Russia. (To appraise Schiff’s motives for supporting the Bolsheviks, we must remember, that he was a Jew and that Russian Jews had been persecuted under the Tsarist regime. Consequently the Jewish community in America was inclined to support any movement, which sought to topple the Russian government and the Bolsheviks were excellent candidates for the task. As we shall see further along, however, there were also strong financial incentives for Wall Street firms, such as Kuhn, Loeb and Company, of which Schiff was a senior partner, to see the old regime fall into the hands of revolutionaries, who would agree to grant lucrative business concessions in the future in return for financial support today.)
When Trotsky returned to Petrograd in May of 1917 to organize the Bolshevik phase of the Russian Revolution, he carried $10,000 for travel expenses, a generously ample fund considering the value of the dollar at that time. Trotsky was arrested by Canadian and British naval personnel, when the ship, on which he was traveling, the S.S. Kristianiafjord, put in at Halifax. The money in his possession is now a matter of official record. The source of that money has been the focus of much speculation, but the evidence strongly suggests, that its origin was the German government. It was a sound investment.Trotsky was not arrested on a whim. He was recognized as a threat to the best interests of England, Canada’s mother country in the British Commonwealth. Russia was an ally of England in the First World War, which then was raging in Europe.
Anything, that would weaken Russia – and that certainly included internal revolution – would be, in effect, to strengthen Germany and weaken England. In New York on the night before his departure Trotsky had given a speech, in which he said: “I am going back to Russia to overthrow the provisional government and stop the war with Germany.” (A full report on this meeting had been submitted to the U.S. Military Intelligence. See Senate Document No. 62, 66th Congress, Report and Hearings of the Subcommittee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, 1919, Vol. II, p. 2680.)
Trotsky therefore represented a real threat to England’s war effort. He was arrested as a German agent and taken as a prisoner of war.
With this in mind we can appreciate the great strength of those mysterious forces both in England and the United States, that intervened on Trotsky’s behalf.
Immediately telegrams began to come into Halifax from such divergent sources, as an obscure attorney in New York City, from the Canadian Deputy Postmaster-General and even from a high-ranking British military officer, all inquiring into Trotsky’s situation and urging his immediate release. The head of the British Secret Service in America at the time was Sir William Wiseman, who, as fate would have it, occupied the apartment directly above the apartment of Edward Mandell House and who had become fast friends with him.
House advised Wiseman, that President Wilson wished to have Trotsky released. Wiseman advised his government and the British Admiralty issued orders on April 21st, that Trotsky was to be sent on his way. (“Why Did We Let Trotsky Go? How Canada Lost an Opportunity to Shorten the War”, MacLeans magazine, Canada, June 1919. Also see Martin, pp. 163-164.) It was a fateful deecision, that would affect not only the outcome of the war, but the future of the entire world.
As what was then the USSR saw vast COLLECTIVE wealth owned supposedly by the collective citizens growing------those global 1% and their 2% were preparing that GORBECHEV PERESTROIKA ------to privatize all that collective wealth into the hands of those global rich families. Same happening today here in America----
If one looks at those families tied to gaining that PERESTROIKA wealth---as the Russian Oligarchs are called---we will see those old world global 1% and their 2%-----just as here in the US those billionaires rising from these few decades of American PERESTROIKA----we know are tied to old-world global rich
10 Russia Oligarchs You Should Know
You may have noticed, but there are a few incredibly rich Russians being mentioned in the media as of late.
Utilizing the country’s mineral and energy resources, these oligarchs have transformed themselves into some of the wealthiest businessmen on the planet.
However, with constant question marks hanging over exactly how these guys got their money, they’re constantly finding their way into the headlines. Couple that with the fact that the Russian government (i.e. Vladimir Putin) doesn’t like them very much and that they seem to have no love lost for each other, and you’ve got a group of pretty intriguing guys.
Here’s a list of 10 for you to get acquainted with.
Riches, Scandal, And Exile- 10 Russia Oligarchs You Should Know - Business Insider1
Riches, Scandal, And Exile- 10 Russia Oligarchs You Should Know - Business Insider1
Were these Russian Oligarchs tied to those merchant revolutions bringing down the Russian Royalty-----are today's Chinese National politburo simply those same old-world rich Chinese merchant families-----YES.
Below we see the same connections to more of global 1% and their 2% and this article shows why I feel the research around Trotsky and Lenin as being hired to create revolution against a Russian royality is true. It was not only a Jewish banking family in Rothschild-----it was British banking families and as we see below it was tied to US banking families----actually old world banking families like JP MORGAN. Notice how the US FED was installed in 1913----just before the massive Wall Street frauds bringing the 1929 economic crash-------tied to the same movement in Russia to bring down the Russian Royals.
The Creature from Jekyll Island
Page 123:The top Communist leaders have never been as hostile to their counterparts in the West, as the rhetoric suggests. They are quite friendly to the world’s leading financiers and have worked closely with them, when it suits their purposes.
This US FED connection is today determining who the winners are among those same global 1% and their 2% in pocketing all of American wealth. This US FED connection is today determining who the winners are among those same global 1% and their 2% in pocketing all of American wealth. These will be the only citizens standing after this coming economic crash from massive US Treasury bond fraud brought to us by this US FED, global Wall Street, and CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA 5% TO THE 1%.
The Federal Reserve: Part I “The Creature from Jekyll Island”
Blog/America's Economic History
Posted Apr 16, 2015 by Martin Armstrong
ANSWER: This is like asking to criticize the Bible since so many people believe every word written in this book. Well here it goes. Thousands of hate e-mails will flood in, but conspiracy myths be damned, they are a cover-up for the real culprit – Congress. Some people hate central banks because of this book, they believe Andrew Jackson was a hero and are oblivious to the fact that he set off a round of wildcat banking that ended in yet another sovereign debt default among the states who then tried to bailout their own banks.
Well, fiction be damned. “The Creature From Jekyll Island” is amateurish at best and another total misrepresentation of the facts and events. It is very one-sided and ignores the real political manipulation of the Fed by the government for their own self-interest. It promotes the very same Marxist/socialistic beliefs from the Progressive Era that gave us the New Deal and robbed every one of their future: altering the family structure in the West forever.
The original design of the Fed was to be private, for banks were to contribute to fund their own bailouts, as JP Morgan had done taking the lead during the Panic of 1907. It was not to be a government bailout operation. The United States had no central bank at that time. There was never any intent to create the institution as it exists today: the original design was altered dramatically by lawyers who never understood the madness of their own minds in their pursuit of power as politicians.
J.P. Morgan’s Testimony
We must also look at the context of the era from which Griffin draws his ideas. We must be EXTREMELY careful for much of what he said is sheer propaganda, directed at the bankers to support the rise of Marxism – the new Progressive Movement. This movement finally succeeded with the New Deal and the Great Depression focusing blame at bankers, when in fact Europe collapsed into a Sovereign Debt Crisis in 1931, which sent the dollar soaring and a capital concentration from around the world made the 1929 high just as the Nikkei peaked in Japan during 1989. To look at this era we absolutely MUST step back and look at the whole situation dispassionately. If we do not put this conspiracy aside, we will never understand what really needs to be reformed.
Before Woodrow Wilson became president, he was the head of Princeton University, and uttered praise for Morgan and his effort to save the banking system during the Panic of 1907. The Marxists were responsible were turning the bankers to evil in an attempt to eliminate freedom. After all, this was the rising sentiment cheering Marxism and demonizing capital focus on the bankers. This was their agenda that we are still plagued by to this day. This book championed the entire Marxist argument without realizing whose side he took.
We must be EXTREMELY careful here for to advocate the end of central banking is to advocate communism.
OH REALLY???????? THINK THIS AUTHOR IS REALLY THAT 5% TO THE 1%----
Do not forget that 1917 saw the Russian Revolution, and in 1918 the Communist Revolution in Germany that produced their famous hyperinflation. Be careful what you wish for, if it became true you would hand more power to government, and they would love that to happen. Their goes all your freedom and with electronic money, you will be converted to economic slaves for the state, not so different from just living the dream in the Matrix. Ask yourself, do you want the truth or do you prefer to live the dream? Their dream by the way, not yours.
The difference between the bankers of Morgan’s day and today is very different. The crisis unfolded because of the classic mismatch between deposits, which are on a demand basis, and loans, which are long-term like mortgages. When the demands to withdraw exceed available cash (fractional banking), the bank fails. Today, the bankers are traders and have moved to transnational banking to stay liquid abandoning the old days of Morgan when banks were relationship oriented and did not resell the loans they made acting more like brokers.
JPMorgan Chase CEO, Jamie Dimon, told Congress that the bank’s massive loss can be blamed on insufficient risk controls and a failure by traders to understand the bets they were placing. He actually stated that he failed in his management yet retained the job for he was really fully on-board. This is not relationship banking and it is entirely different from the days of J.P. Morgan view of banking. Dimon lobbied Congress to rollback Dodd-Frank so they could continue to trade maintaining their transaction banking model they used to get Congress to repeal Glass-Steagall by the Clinton Administration and now Hillary begs for money from the same people and wants to run the nation as SHE DID before (like Cheney). Thanks to the Clintons, who are always available to the highest bidder, when the banks blow up on trading again, this will bite Congress in the ass for the 2016 elections. I hope that if we understand the problem, we will make the right solution this time if we examine the truth.
Yes, the Fed began effectively as private consortium of banks to accomplish what J.P. Morgan did to rescue the banking system during the Panic of 1907 that saved the day. The banking crisis of that era was not due to people blowing up with their trading as in Transactional Banking today. The Panic of 1907 was the classic mismatch between demand and loans – the fractional banking element.
A period of a temporary cash shortage burst forth during the Panic of 1907. John Pierpont Morgan (1837-1913) saved the day despite receiving criticism for ignoring his great patriotism and contribution to the country. The Panic began when there was an attempt to manipulate the market in United Copper Company, which was a short squeeze that backfired. This was the catalyst, not the cause. The spark ignited the Panic that took place. They borrowed money to buy stock to create the squeeze from the Knickerbocker Trust and suddenly they could not pay back their loans, bringing the bank into failure. J.P. Morgan gathered his associates to examine the books of the Knickerbocker Trust but found it was insolvent and decided not to intervene to stop the run. When it became clear the Knickerbocker Trust would fail, the run spread to other banks and a contagion grew. The Trust Company of America asked Morgan for help. Morgan now brought in First National Bank and National City Bank of New York (later Citi Bank), and the US Secretary of the Treasury. Morgan had a quick audit of the bank and declared that this was where to defend. As the run began, Morgan worked with his associates to sell the assets of the bank to free up cash for the depositors. The bank survived the close of business that day for this is always a CONFIDENCE game.Morgan knew that this collapse in CONFIDENCE would not end by just saving the Trust Company of America. Morgan now summoned the heads of various banks in New York and kept them until they agreed to provide loans of $8.25 million. Morgan convinced the Treasury to deposit $25 million in NY banks. John D. Rockefeller, the wealthiest man in America, deposited $10 million with City and called the Associated Press to announce his pledge to help the NY banks. Nonetheless, the New York banks then, as now, proved to be their worst enemy. Despite the efforts of Morgan to create this infusion, they were reluctant to lend any money for short-term stock trading. The stock market crashed as a result. By 1:30 pm on October 24th, the president of the NYSE went to tell Morgan the exchange would close early. Morgan was livid. He understood that this would reinforce the Panic and he drew the line and would not allow it. Morgan warned that if the NYSE closed early, it would be catastrophic to say the least. Once again, he summoned the bankers who arrived by about 2:00 pm and Morgan pretty much yelled at them, warning that as many as 50 stock brokerage firms would fail unless they could raise $25 million within the next 10 minutes! By 2:16 pm, 14 banks pledged $23.6 million to keep the stock exchange alive. The money reached the exchange by 2:30 pm, to finish trading at 3:00 pm. In reality, they only needed to reach $19 million. Despite his hatred for the press who seldom treated him fairly, Morgan gave a rare comment to the press, discussing the matter at hand.
The next day, the NYSE needed more money, but this time Morgan could only raise $9.7 million. Morgan directed the NYSE not to use the money for margin sales or short selling. The exchange made it to the close. Morgan knew he had to turn the minds of the people and to restore their critical CONFIDENCE to stop the Panic. Morgan than formed two committees: one for persuading the clergy to preach calm to their congregations on Sunday, and the other to sell the idea of claim to the press. Morgan was desperately trying to hold the nation together. Unknown even to his associates, the City of New York could not raise enough money through its bond issue and it informed Morgan that it needed $20 million by November 1st, 1907, or the city would go into bankruptcy. Morgan himself contracted to purchase $30 million in New York City bonds.
On November 2nd, 1907, one of the largest stock exchange brokers, Moore & Schley, was heavily in debt using the Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Co. stock as collateral. The thinly traded stock was under pressure. Their creditors would now surely call their loans. Morgan called another emergency meeting for a proposal put forth that US Steel Corp, would acquire the stock in bulk. Yet another crisis was looming. Runs were now likely to hit two banks on Monday. Morgan summoned 120 banks and told them he would not proceed with the US Steel deal unless they supported the banks.
Morgan proceeded to lock them in his library and told them they have to come up with $25 million to save the banks. It took almost 2 hours. Morgan finally convinced them that they had to bailout the banks to save their own skins. They signed the agreement, and he unlocked the doors and let them leave.
Morgan was saving the nation again, single-handedly. He then turned back to save the NYSE. He knew the problem would be the Marxist inspired Antitrust Laws (Sherman Antitrust Act), and the crusading Marxist/Progressive President Teddy Roosevelt (1858-1919). Breaking up companies that he believed were monopolies became the primary focus of Roosevelt’s administration. To save the day, he would have to see that the Antitrust Laws must yield.
Two men thus traveled to the White House to implore Roosevelt to set aside his Antitrust Laws to save the nation. As typical, Roosevelt’s secretary refused to let them in to discuss the problem. The two men, Frick and Gary of US Steel turned to James Garfield who was Secretary of the Interior at that time and son former President Garfield. They pleaded with him to go to the president directly. Garfield had convinced Roosevelt to review the proposal and Roosevelt was for the first time forced in to a corner. He had to realize a collapse of the NYSE would take place if he did not yield in his anti-corporate beliefs. Roosevelt later lamented:
“It was necessary for us to decide on the instant before the Stock Exchange opened, for the situation in New York was such that any hour might be vital. I do not believe that anyone could justly criticize me for saying that I would not feel like objecting to the purchase under those circumstances.”
Following the near catastrophic financial disaster known as the Panic of 1907, the movement for banking reform picked up steam among Wall Street bankers, Republicans, and a few eastern Democrats. However, much of the country was still distrustful of bankers and of banking in general, especially after Panic of 1907. After two decades of minority status, Democrats regained control of Congress in 1910 and were able to block several Republican attempts at reform, even though they recognized the need for some kind of currency and banking changes. As always, it was more important to further political party power than actually do the right thing for the nation.
In 1912, President Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924) won the Democratic Party’s nomination for president, and in his populist-friendly acceptance speech, he warned against the “money trusts,” and advised that a concentration of the control of credit may at any time become infinitely dangerous to free enterprise. It was the anti-Wall Street agenda.
WILSON WAS OF COURSE TIED TO IVY LEAGUE PRINCETON AND A RAGING MANIFEST DESTINY GLOBAL EMPIRE POL----NOT AN ANTI-WALL STREET AS THIS ARTICLE STATES. THIS IS WELL KNOWN.
Behind the scenes, the Panic of 1907 revealed the weak underbelly to the American financial system. After the scare that the Panic of 1907 created among the bankers, they demanded reform. The following year, Congress enacted the Aldrich-Vreeland Act of 1908 establishing the National Monetary Commission forming a study group of experts to come up with a nonpartisan solution. They viewed the lack of a central bank in America, in contrast to Europe, as the threat to economic stability among the bankers as filled by J.P. Morgan during that crisis.
A National Monetary Commission formed and the Republican leader in the Senate, Senator Nelson Aldrich (1841-1915) took charge. Aldrich was a brilliant man who was passionate about revising the American financial system. The Commission went to Europe and was duly impressed at how well they believed the central banks in Britain and Germany handled the stabilization of the overall economy and the promotion of international trade. The Commission issued some 30 reports between 1909 and 1912, which preserved a wonderful detailed resource surveying of banking systems of the late 19th and early 20th centuries at that time. These reports examined also the Canadian banking history in addition to the banking and currency systems of Belgium, England, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Russia, Switzerland, and other nations. They also provided an excellent review of domestic U.S. financial laws federally as well as state banking statutes. These reports contain essays of contemporary specialists as well as a host of data in tables, charts, graphs, and facsimiles of banking forms and documents. There are also transcripts of relevant political speeches, interviews, and various hearings.
In 1910, Aldrich met with Frank Vanderlip of National City Bank (Citibank), Henry Davison of Morgan Bank, and Paul Warburg of the Kuhn, Loeb Investment House secretly. They met at Jekyll Island, a resort island off the coast of Georgia, to discuss and formulate banking reform, including plans for a form of central banking that would accomplish the role of J.P. Morgan played during the Panic of 1907. They held the meeting in secret because the participants knew that the House of Representatives would reject any plan they generated given the intense hatred of the bankers and Wall Street in the festering Marxist/Progressive atmosphere.
REMEMBER------THE PROGRESSIVES HAVE ALWAYS BEEN ECONOMIC PROGRESSIVES------MAKING THE RICH PROGRESSIVELY RICHER---THAT IS WHOM A PRESIDENT WILSON WAS. WE SEE THESE SAME GLOBAL WALL STREET PLAYERS PRETENDING THESE ARE MARXIST MOVERS AND SHAKERS.
Unfortunately, because this meeting was in secret involving Wall Street, the whole Jekyll Island affair remains cloaked in conspiracy theories. Nevertheless, this intense bias and conspiracy theory has always overestimated both the purpose and significance of the meeting in light of the extensive work of the National Monetary Commission. Reform was essential. However, those two words – political economy – could not be divorced.
Upon his return, Aldrich’s investigation led to his plan in 1912 to bring central banking to the United States with all its promises of financial stability and expanded international roles in trade and money flow. Aldrich knew the dangers of American politics and insisted that control by impartial experts was essential. Placing bankers at the helm rather than politicians was really the only way to proceed. The two words, political economy, had to be divorced in his mind. There was to be absolutely NO political meddling in finance as had been the case under Andrew Jackson (1757-1845). Aldrich asserted that a central bank was essential yet the diversity and size of the United States presented a distinctly different twist to the European situation.
Aldrich concluded that Europe had many countries with diverse economic models. He realized that while the United States needed a central bank, paradoxically it also required simultaneous decentralization to cope with both the economy and the self-defeating American political system. Aldrich appreciated the fact that local politicians and bankers would attack the central banks, as they had the First and Second Bank of the United States. Aldrich introduced his brilliant plan in 62nd and 63rd Congresses (1912 and 1913). As always, the political winds changed and the Democrats in 1912 won control of both of the House and the Senate as well as the White House.
The Aldrich Plan proposed a system of fifteen regional central banks, called National Reserve Associations, whose actions were to be coordinated by a national board of commercial bankers to do NO more than be a lender of last resort as J.P. Morgan had acted during the Panic of 1907. The National Reserve Association would make emergency loans to member banks, they would create money to provide an elastic currency that enabled equal exchanges for demand deposits, and would act as a fiscal agent for the federal government. Congress ended up rejecting Aldrich’s idea, which was defeated in the House as politics superseded the national good. However, his outline did become a model for a future implemented bill. The problem with the Aldrich Plan was that it gave bankers control over the regional banks, a prospect that did not sit well with the populist Democratic Party or with President Wilson. The Democrats and Wilson were fearful that the reforms would grant more control of the financial system to bankers and the politicians could not meddle as they saw fit. The history of the First and Second Bank of the United States was repeating. The political economy cannot be divorced.
The need for a central bank was really far too great and even the Democrats recognized it behind closed doors. Eventually, the Federal Reserve Act passed 43-25 and this altered the actual role of currency. MONEY was now becoming “elastic” for the Federal Reserve would issue currency notes thereby creating a money supply that increases and decreases as the economy expands and shrinks. This new “Elastic Money” would become an essential function of the Federal Reserve System in its early days, where it would regulate the amount of money supply permitted to be in circulation. This was essential due to the wild swings during the 19th century in the economy caused by the chance discoveries of gold in California, Alaska, and silver that disrupted the economy and arbitrarily increased the money supply with nobody in charge.
Effectively, the 20th century saw unrestrained printing of paper dollars caused by political fiscal mismanagement whereas the 19th century was plagued by chance discoveries of precious metals that had the same effects. The California Gold Rush injected a huge wave of inflation because the sheer supply of money increased sharply. The same argument that paper money has caused inflation during the 20th century applied to gold during the 19th century.
Essentially, this new ability to have an Elastic Money Supply became a perceived necessity to ensure that the reserves held in trust by the government were adequate to back the amount of coins and currency permitted to circulate. It was a nonpartisan decision to deal with shifts in the economy whereas politicians could not be responsible no matter what. The Federal Reserve would now prevent excessive conditions that would lead the country into financial chaos and ultimate ruin as nearly took place during the Panic of 1907. The Fed would expand the money supply during periods of economic decline and contract the money supply during economic booms. Of course, the politicians would later seize control of the Fed and ensure it would be party time all the time.
Optimal monetary policy is supposed to facilitate exchange within the economy to avoid aggregate shocks that affect individuals and economic sectors (industries) unequally. Exchange may be conducted using either bank deposits that some see as “inside money” or “fiat” currency, which some refer to as “outside money” that is created by leverage or fractional banking. A central monetary authority both controls the stock of “outside money” and pursues an interest rate policy that is intended to affect the rate at which private banks create “inside money”. The modern context views it as the optimal monetary policy, requiring management of both interest rates and the quantity of outside money. By controlling interest rates the monetary authority can affect the price level in the short-run and adjust households’ consumption, so they believe, and therefore this provides insurance against unfavorable aggregate shocks to the money supply tempering the boom-bust cycle.
However, the feasibility of manipulating the interest rate policy and the quantity of money, as we will see, is purely a fantasy in the new modern global economy. These concepts quickly proved to be far too parochial. The global economy was about to receive a major shock that would turn it on its head – World War I which began July 28th, 1914 and lasted until November 11th, 1918. The war involved more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, and a loss of more than 9 million soldiers killed in combat. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria on June 28th, 1914 was the excuse for the war, but in reality, it was the culmination of centuries of contests for imperialistic power in Europe. Ferdinand was the heir to the Austria- Hungarian Empire throne, which was the remnant of the Holy Roman Empire. This allowed the hatred between many rivals bringing into the conflict the German Empire, Ottoman Empire, Russian Empire, British Empire, French Empire, and Italy. In the end, the Financial Capital of Europe, which migrated from Babylon to Athens, then Rome, Byzantine, Northern Italy centered in Florence/Genoa/Venice, to Amsterdam, and then to London in 1689, now migrated to the United States beginning in 1914.
With World War I, the American politicians began to alter the Fed. Its original design was brilliant. To stimulate the economy and suppress unemployment, they would buy corporate paper. With World War I, Congress ordered the Fed to support the US debt. They would not return to the original design of the Fed set out in 1913.
With the Great Depression, the major banking collapse took place largely due to the Sovereign Debt Default of 1931. Banks failed as money vanished from circulation collapsing the velocity. Asset values collapsed and land, which had sold for $2.50 an acre during the mid-1800s, fell to 10 cents. No degree of limiting fractional banking would save the day when the bond market collapses. We see the huge spike in foreign bonds listed in 1928 on the NYSE, and the collapse as defaults began to rage from 1931 onward.
Franklin Roosevelt, every much a socialist as Teddy even though a Democrat, altered the Fed usurping all power to Washington. The branches remained, but they no longer served the purpose of managing the local economy. It was now one-size-fits-all. It would be Congress who appoints the directors and Fed Chairman, while the technical ownership of a rescue fund for bankers is only there in name, not reality. Goldman Sachs switched tactics and installed its people in the Treasury not for banking, but for trading. They were Obama’s biggest contributors, but make no mistake: Goldman Sachs is a trader, not a bank with branches taking deposits from little old ladies.
Today, the Fed is nothing like its original intended design. This alter was not caused by bankers, but by politicians. Now, it has the authority to take over anything it thinks is too big to fail, which is not limited to banks. It could take over Google, McDonalds, or anything as long as it states it would harm the economy.
We need a central bank, but not one manipulated by government. There should be a simple insurance fund for banks as originally intended without using taxpayers’ money. It should not be restricted to buying government debt. Instead, it should protect jobs by its original focus to buy corporate paper in times of stress. We must look closely at the Fed to see that its manipulation by Congress for political reasons. It was supposed to support government bonds during World War II, but it took until 1951 to rescind.
The Fed is not evil, but rather it is the manipulation of the Fed by politicians. It is use to blame for economy booms and busts while Congress avoids all responsibility. Now, the Fed is stuck in a very difficult situation. It is charges with Keyensian/Marxist ideas of manipulating the economy when its original design was only to deal with a banking crisis.
Tomorrow we will look at the risks we now face from the REALITY of political manipulation of the Fed.
We see how over thousands of years WE THE PEOPLE----THE MASSES---THOSE 99% are used and enslaved----thrown bones to gain alliances-----then thrown again under the bus all wealth taken-----and again enslaved. So, what is a 99% to do to win over this 5% to the 1%?
Left social Democrats support all population groups---we want black, brown, and white labor and communities to succeed----we want freedom of religion that allows all religious groups to thrive----we want small businesses, regional businesses, corporations to be successful because THAT IS A REAL FREE MARKET that keeps us employed. They need to earn A REASONABLE PROFIT to allow the 99% to live a dignified and stable life. So, how do WE THE PEOPLE guard against all these secret associations and societies working to keep the 99% enslaved? There is no way to look at any person and know----there is no way of barring one group thinking it may be connected=====KNOW WHAT?
THE ONLY THING WE THE PEOPLE NEED IS TO EDUCATE BROADLY ON ALL PUBLIC POLICY AND KNOW WORLD HISTORY. If we do this and make sure our children and grandchildren know the tricks of these global Wall Street players ----we can understand WHO IS BEHIND THESE MASKS. It really is easy peasy-----but Democracy is not a SPECTATOR SPORT. Please stay together as a 99% vs 1% ------the problem is not this group or that group----the problem is only those 5% to the 1% in each population group.
How Secret Societies Stay Hidden on the Internet
Inside the surreal recruitment process of a legendary club—or something like it—at New York University
- Matt King
- Jul 27, 2014
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It all started with a Facebook message from a dead guy.
His name was Ernest Howard Crosby and his profile picture showed an old-time portrait of a man in a dapper vest sporting a bushy Civil War beard. The message came on behalf of New York University’s Eucleian Society, a literary club formed in 1832 around the same time that secret societies began sprouting up at university campuses across the country.
"The Society is interested in your potential membership and would like to invite you to learn more… Time is of the essence."
There was a link to a Facebook group that contained a long list of male undergraduates, mostly white (like me), a few Latinos and Indians, and one black guy. The list also contained the avatars of a few other dead guys, like Crosby, and the identity of the Group itself was similarly concealed beneath another guise: “Vote Arthur Watkins for Second Circuit Judge.”
The page, paired with the campaign-ready photo of an old guy holding an open book, appeared to be a 1930s-era political campaign. The comments field on the Group page was disabled, but a note in the Description section directed us to fill out a questionnaire (via Google Forms) that asked about our backgrounds, our political views, and our religious ideologies.
Before submitting to interrogation, I first searched online for any information I could uncover about the “Eucleian Society.” A Wikipedia page drew on sources from NYU’s Bobst Library and Digital Archives, as well as academic books that covered the broader topic of “secret societies in America.” The society was founded the same year instruction began at NYU, first operating out of the Main University Building, where it held oratory debates and readings. Topics under discussion spanned philosophy (“Whether humanity is naturally depraved,” Decision: Affirmative) to legal theory (“Should the capital of large moneyed corporations be limited by statute?” Decision: Negative) to romantic truths (“Resolved that adultery is the only true way to cohabit”). The names of Eucleian alumni would later grace major buildings around campus (Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, Jerome S. Coles Sports & Recreation Center) and university curricula (Gallatin School of Individualized Study).
Then, in 1942, the society seemed to have disappeared.
NYU archives showed no official record of the society after this date, meaning everything that has turned up since then regarding its members and any ongoing activity is hearsay. Most recently, in 2009, there were student newspaper reports of a “beeper” prank which was attributed to the society: a handful of devices were choreographed to go off at the same time in various classrooms on NYU’s campus. Each device was attached to a signed note:
Truth is something you find outside of the classroom, outside of the walls of this university, and only from the professor in front of you insofar as he can serve as an experienced guide… NYU has its secrets too.
The prank elicited little response from the student body, perhaps a sign of the changing times. Maybe a new generation raised on unprecedented levels of connectivity was less intrigued by antiquated notions of “secrecy” or “privacy.”
My recruitment with the society was doomed from the beginning: Three months after I received the original Facebook message, I was slated to leave the country and study abroad for a year and a half. But I was still curious. I submitted my answers to the online questionnaire and almost forgot about the whole thing—until a week later, when we recruits received our first directive.
* * *
A mass email was sent to recruits’ NYU accounts, which we had provided in the questionnaire. The sender’s alias was “John S. / Odysseus” and he introduced himself as a senior member of the society and head of its recruitment efforts. He told us the process couldn’t begin until we chose a nom de plume for ourselves and created a corresponding Gmail account to be used exclusively for all society-related communication. His email included a list of links to over a dozen Blogspot pages, YouTube videos, and Google Groups, all of which he told us to read through and absorb “ASAP.” He also sent us a Google Calendar invite to join a weekly online group chat, the first of which would focus on discussing this trove of information.
I browsed the webpages, many of which contained abridged histories of the society, largely regurgitated from Wikipedia. One recurring storyline was the society’s relationship with Edgar Allan Poe, a frequent guest lecturer during its early era. After Poe’s death, the group adopted the raven (from his popular poem) as its unofficial mascot. Meme-ified photos captured various society shenanigans around Washington Square Park—a raven perched atop the Giuseppe Garibaldi statue; a faint trail of raven footprints around the fountain. Other blog posts included opinion pieces extolling Society philosophy (“Social Capital as Exclusive and Intergenerational”) and shared YouTube excerpts of films—like a scene from the 1990 comedy-drama Metropolitan about essential Manhattan evening wear—as though it were educational material.
Finally, I reached the page displaying an index of suggested Greek pseudonyms along with their associated mythological histories. I settled on Calchas, a famous soothsayer whose contributions included the Trojan horse scheme during the Battle of Troy. I created my corresponding Gmail address and notified John S. and the other recruits of my new name. I felt like I was wading through a time or reality warp, still doubting whether any of this was real.
The initial emails from John S. had been staid and boilerplate, but the impression he gave off in the online group chats was almost bipolar. He started the conversation by asking who was drunk, or trying to get drunk, or already hungover. Complete sentences collapsed into incoherent fragments, his tone swinging between mildly serious and almost manic. One minute, he sounded like a fraternity president rallying his rushes:
“let’s be clear there are going to be guys who you are doing shit for as apprentices that you don’t really hear from etc. if we ask you to send a get well card to sean sure he may not be around but get him one. if we want mike in Afghanistan to have a piece written for him about how he’s a fucking war hero of the type that has never been seen ditto”
The next minute, he devolved into misogyny:
“let’s run thru this like a girl on x and coke at a fraternity party”
“i hope you hit that lil girls ass so hard it looks like two jap flags”
Many of the recruits took turns responding with a “haha” or “lol.” Later they invented obscene one-liners of their own in a show of one-upmanship, a chorus of fake Greek names shouting obscenities at each other in digital bursts.
The “serious” work accomplished in these online chats involved appointments. Each Google Group represented an “initiative” the Society was pursuing around campus. These were coded in confusing acronyms (PUR, ICR, TT) but included relatively traditional ideas like an academic law review, a political debate club, and a community service organization. Recruits were to volunteer their time to lead as many projects as possible.
The strange thing was that no part of any of these “initiatives” had been established yet. It was apparently our class’s job to build the entire ecosystem from scratch. John S. advised that additional directions would later follow, but the best place to start was with a good-looking website—it was “the quickest way to make any org look legit.”
At this, my suspicion grew deeper. Given the hastily constructed webpages John S. had shared, this offhand piece of advice almost felt like something from his own playbook. He claimed to be an NYU alum, but was there any definitive reason to believe him? He could’ve been someone else entirely. A con artist performing one of his ploys or scams. Some prankster or hacker kid prodigy with an affinity for orchestrating elaborate online pranks in his spare time. Maybe the Eucleian Society really did die in 1942. And this is the problem inherent to secrecy, especially one as hyped-up as this: It leaves open the possibility for endless conspiracies.
About a month after we received the original Facebook message, two online group chats had taken place, dozens of virtual toasts and dirty jokes were shared, and all but one of the Google Group “initiatives” had assigned leaders (my task: a weekly newsletter covering the conservative side of issues affecting millennials). To celebrate such progress, John S. decided it was time we finally met each other in the actual world for our first “social.” Thursday, 7:30pm at La Maison Française, NYU’s French Intellectual House.
Maybe John S. was for real.
* * *
When I arrived 15 minutes late, there were no open seats left. The front of the room was blocked off by two large tables formed into a V. Seated on the near side were the familiar faces from the Facebook profiles of my fellow recruits. Standing before us were three strangers. A man with light-black skin and large freckles smiled and introduced himself as John S., his voice calm and cheerful. Behind him were two white guys introduced by first names only, fellow members of his induction class. All three of them were middle-aged and paunchy, wearing loose-fitting suits. John S. conceded that society activity had dwindled since the early days of their induction, but said a core group of guys, many of whom we’d meet later, were dedicated to reviving it.
He explained that we had been handpicked as potential members due to our academic achievement. (Later, after the third round of drinks, one tipsy recruit revealed with a goofy smirk that his GPA was under 2.0). He also made vague allusions to the society as a stepping stone to higher, more storied organizations. When one excited recruit asked if that meant the Freemasons, John S. just smiled. As he wrapped up his pep talk, two more strangers arrived, also in suits, both white, carrying between them a cooler full of beers and mini-bottles of wine.
Everyone grabbed a drink and broke off into pockets, one stranger per group. They talked generally about their work—commercial law, renewable energy, consulting for political lobbying firms. Many recounted stories of getting into trouble during their undergraduate days, and asked about what bars were popular now with students. Every few minutes we orbited back to the coolers for another drink, re-congregated into little circles and met another stranger.
As I looked around the room, it seemed like most of the recruits were buying into the show, or at least willing to participate in an extended trial period. The unspoken reality remained that we had nothing by which to judge the society’s integrity other than a bunch of shoddy websites and a few guys in suits talking about power and money. The real Twilight Zone moment of the evening arrived when I realized I almost didn’t have any more questions to ask. The older guys had an answer to every society-related inquiry thrown their way. Like a tall tale or fable, the truth they spewed was both outrageous but also undeniable—if only because it was by nature unprovable.
I remained in the recruitment loop through Invitation Week, which arrived just before I left for Europe. My final adventure was to the W hotel in Union Square, where, at my allotted time, I was to search the lobby for a man wearing a raven pin. I found him in the corner by the window. A stranger I'd never seen, he smiled and made a quiet “caw! caw!” sound as I approached. The envelope he handed me had a yellow faux-antiquated look and was sealed with red wax. Inside was a congratulatory note printed in calligraphy, followed by a breakdown of dues (total annual cost: $600).
Weeks later, from my hostel in London, I read urgent emails from John S. asking about these dues, but my mind was busy with plans to see the world. As I backpacked around Europe, I realized fewer group email threads populated my inbox. Society-related pages and groups on Facebook disappeared. I re-visited the old Blogspot pages and Google Groups, but the URLs were now broken. Finally, one night, I returned to the original forum only to find my login disabled.
Just like that, I had been phased out.
* * *
Before the Internet, secret societies often covered their trail with fire. They burned unwanted documents, and if destruction wasn’t an option, they scratched out vulnerable names or references from physical records. For John S. and his mysterious constituents, covering their tracks online may have been easier—as simple as pressing a button to “Delete” or “Block User”—but it was also less complete. Email threads and attached documents remain archived in my inbox. Ernest Howard Crosby’s Facebook profile still exists, as do cached versions of a few of the Blogspot sites.
Given how easy the Internet makes it to create new environments and facades representing all kinds of identities, can we ever be certain about whom we’re speaking with, or who might be listening?
Sometimes now when I find myself in the Village, passing by La Maison Française, I’m haunted by the ghost of the experience. My imagination plays up the conspiracy. Perhaps we were just one of many online threads being run by John S., all of them largely automated, simultaneously opening and closing, roping as many peculiarly ambitious young men as possible into an ancient web of secrecy.
Remember that lovable Dr Bones of the TV series BONES------we are seeing tons of media and Hollywood shows letting us know who those power shakers are today in CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA-----the TV series goes so far as bringing in that dastardly ILLUMINATA-----the freemasons-----and the reference to connections between a Washington DC and Baltimore. As a citizen of Baltimore with a grandmother from Baltimore----having long family history from Chesapeake Bay we have known Baltimore is ground zero for SECRET SOCIETIES -----the global rich------etc. We know global JOHNS HOPKINS is controlled by those old world rich-----we know Baltimore society is filled with those 5% to the 1% corporate non-profits----political players-----and the 99% of Baltimore citizens have found it hard to organize or take back their city because of this capture. For FB friends across the nation-----if this is not already in your neck of the woods----it is coming to a US city deemed Foreign Economic Zone near you. I graduated from a Virginia Commonwealth University ---Virginia being in that triangle of secret societies-----and ate in a Medical College of Virginia cafeteria with a name of SKULL AND BONES. This was back in the 1970s.
There was media and academics like me shouting back in those 1980s all this was being installed----and we were ignored and called CONSPIRACY THEORISTS. These 1% and their 2% have been taken down time and again by WE THE PEOPLE. Don't allow this MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES continue because it is designed to keep any ability of 99% of citizens to rebel ---to have that revolution.......WAKE UP -----EDUCATE ON PUBLIC POLICY---FIGHT FOR ELECTIONS THAT ARE NOT RIGGED FOR THOSE GLOBAL 5% TO THE 1%.
ABC Developing Drama About Yale’s Skull And Bones Secret Society
by Nellie Andreeva • tip October 31, 2013 7:12am
EXCLUSIVE: Yale’s famous Skull And Bones secret society, whose prominent alums include President George W. Bush, is the subject of The Order, an ABC drama project based on Alexandra Robbins’ nonfiction book The Secrets Of The Tomb: Skull And Bones, The Ivy League And The Hidden Paths Of Power. Written by Dean Widenmann (CBS pilot Back), the serialized drama follows two timelines: a young woman at Yale, 10 years ago, tapped as a member of an ultra-prestigious secret society, and the same woman in present day as a respected FBI agent and in the midst of the biggest case of her life, which she discovers is linked to her past in the secret society. The Gotham Group’s Ellen Goldsmith-Vein, Michael Prevett and Jeremy Bell executive produce with Widenman, who is repped by Paradigm, Madhouse and Lev Ginsburg. CAA-repped Gotham also has Let’s Pretend This Never Happened at ABC.
Skull and Bones Restaurant, MCV Hospital Richmond Va. 1970's
Skull and Bones Restaurant, MCV Hospital Richmond Va. in the My mom used to take me here for lunch when I would go to work with her. they had the best macaroni and cheese.
From "Historic VCU: A VCU Images Special Collection" VCU Libraries, Tompkins-McCaw Library, Special Collections & Archives
by VCU Libraries
I think most American citizens know that many of our founding fathers were tied to freemasonry------Jefferson and Franklin are acknowledged to travel back and forth from France where the 'revolutionaries' included those same secret societies like the JACOBINS. These were the global merchant class fighting to send the royals packing-----In the American colonies that was a KING AND QUEEN of England, France, Sweden, Denmark, Spain-----leaving the growth of the American colonies to these global freemason families.
Remember our discussion of a CLINTON/BUSH/GATES -----being tied to those global royals and their global corporations? So, today we are seeing these same battles between groups of 1% and their 2%----with both sending in those PRETEND REVOLUTIONARIES to lead the masses in revolution.
WE THE PEOPLE ARE NOT SHEEP----FEELING THE BERN IS A NATIONAL GRASSROOTS LEFT SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENT NOT JUST ONE MAN WHO IS LIKELY THAT JACOBIN MERCHANT-CLASS REVOLUTIONARY.
When the American people place power in the hands of only a CHAMBER OF COMMERCE----we can be sure these 5% to the 1% players are filling these leadership positions. Over and over and over when the 99% sits back and allows these business structures take power believing they are the job creators---we see this march towards monopoly and global market power. Please know that the 99% can create and maintain economic structures in our communities far better than these global players.
It is this dependence by the 99% on corporate power that brought us REAGAN/CLINTON. The Decline of MERCHANTS OF VENICE had those global merchant class 2% scrambling fighting to get rid of royals and were behind those French and American Revolutions. These MERCHANTS OF VENICE and their secret societies used the masses to win but they are the very ones who enslave.
The Masonic Seeding of Our Commercial Republic
By Patrick Mendis, 32°
This article is adapted from Dr. Patrick Mendis’ book, Commercial Providence: The Secret Destiny of the American Empire (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2010).
(Photo: From the Library and Museum of the Supreme Council, 33°, S.J., Washington, D.C.—Franklin’s portrait not part of original book)
The seeds of our republic were planted with the ideas of Freemasonry. Dr. Benjamin Franklin, provincial grand master of Pennsylvania, orchestrated these historic actions when he proposed the Albany Plan of Union in 1754, which held an identical philosophy of confederation to that which united the American provincial grand lodges of the time.
Bro. Franklin was then 48 years young; James Madison was three years old; Thomas Jefferson had just celebrated his tenth birthday; and Alexander Hamilton was not yet even conceived. When they were of age, none of these men, with the exception of Brother Franklin, were known to have been Freemasons. (There have been speculations that Jefferson was a Mason, but historians dismiss this conjecture since there is utterly no documentation.) Still, they were fully informed of the motivating philosophy of the fraternity through the momentous work of Rev. Dr. James Anderson’s Constitutions of the Free-Masons (1723), which was reprinted in 1734 by Franklin and widely distributed in colonial America.
These constitutional planners agreed upon a scheme that guaranteed religious liberty for the other colonies. This compromise was an assurance for not only Protestant Christians but also Catholics, Jews, and others. Such religious tolerance has always been a fundamental tenet of the Masonic philosophy of equality, universal brotherhood, and E Pluribus Unum (out of many, one).
“Join or Die”
Franklin’s Albany Plan did not produce the cooperation needed among the colonies. Yet Bro. Franklin was determined to harness unity and collaboration from the delegates. Accompanying an editorial column in his Pennsylvania Gazette, Franklin published a symbolic picture portraying a snake divided into eight segments, each portion labeled with the initials of the existing colonial governments, and the caption: “Join, or Die.”
The snake or serpent in the woodcut drawing (signifying one of the three large constellations of Draco, Serpent, or Hydra) has a head (indicating the dragon head or the North Node in astrology and Franklin’s Poor Richard’s Almanac) and a tail (representing the dragon tail or the South Node). In the eighteenth century, it was a popular superstition in colonial America that a serpent cut in two would come to life if the pieces were joined before sunset. The image captured the public imagination instantly when the cartoon-like drawing was reprinted with minor variations in the New York Mercury, the Virginia Gazette, the Boston Evening Post, and elsewhere, making it the most famous political cartoon in American history.
Even though Franklin tried to galvanize the public opinion, the independent-minded colonial assemblies did not adopt the Albany Plan because it was too liberal and radical for the time. Surely, this wise Masonic visionary foresaw the revolution that might be needed to remove the colonial infrastructure to secure peace and unity.
Masonic Principles at Work
Intellectual momentum for the Albany Plan clearly derived from Anderson’s Constitutions of the Free-Masons, which outlined a federal system—an “orderly, balanced, and enlightened” mechanism—that would “eventually form the basis for a unified American nation,” according to Walter Isaacson, a meticulous biographer of Franklin. This system mirrored that of the Masonic framework of governance in which the provincial grand lodge administered the broader scheme for general affairs of the community of Freemasons, while independent lodges adhered to the established order of by-laws under Anderson’s Constitutions in the colonies. The basic principles of governance employed in Freemasonry include:
- The grand lodge is supreme in the Masonic federal system
- Local lodges are self-governing and independent
- The selection of officers is carried out by secret vote using a ballot and elections
- Governance is limited by the Constitution
- The popular sovereignty of representative government and majority rule are fundamental
- Fiscal responsibility is delegated to the legislative body
- A type of judicial review is conducted by the grand lodge
- Freedoms of speech and equal participation are hallmarks of Freemasonry
Referring to the Albany Plan, Isaacson writes, “Franklin put forth the idea again in a proposed draft for Articles of Confederation” in 1775. This draft “contained the seeds of the conceptual breakthrough that would eventually define America’s federal system: a division of powers between a central government and those of the states,” the biographer of Franklin concludes.
Historian Thomas Burke at the New York State Commission also confirms that “Benjamin Franklin proposed a plan of confederation also based on the Albany Plan” at the Continental Congress in 1775. Burke further reveals that “some of the basic concepts of the Albany Plan were attained at the Constitution Convention” at Philadelphia in 1787. For example, a system of checks-and-balances, which was embodied in the Albany Plan, remained an integral part of our federal system as well as the separation of church and state while promoting religious freedom.
Avoiding the Revolutionary War?
Though Freemasonry had grown in popularity throughout the thirteen colonies, it was not the right time for the nation to form a union to solidify this brotherhood-type government. Yet Brother Franklin was confident that a network of lodges practicing the same principles and Masonic-educated brethren at the community level were prepared to act in unison. At the end of his life, Franklin was still convinced that the approval of his Albany Plan would have prevented the Revolutionary War and created “a harmonious empire,” Isaacson confirms. In his own Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, the Albany planner writes:
The different and contrary reasons of dislike to my plan makes me suspect that it was really the true medium; and I am still of opinion it would have been happy for both sides the water [Atlantic] if it had been adopted. The colonies, so united, would have been sufficiently strong to have defended themselves; there would then have been no need of troops from England; of course, the subsequent pretence for taxing America, and the bloody contest it occasioned, would have been avoided. But such mistakes are not new; history is full of errors of states and princes.
The politics of reality in the mid-eighteenth century was not as dangerous and eminently volatile as they were a quarter century later. The highly perceptive and farsighted Franklin was ahead of his time and determined to devise a gamut of diplomatic and political measures against the hostile French in Canada (and Ohio Country), the Dutch in New Amsterdam (New York), and even the Spanish in Florida.
Brother Franklin’s unyielding determination to create a union had certainly been influenced by the ideas of Anderson’s Constitutions and the influence of Enlightenment thinkers, especially Sir Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis. The entrepreneurial and missionary zeal of Franklin was also proven by his dedication to Masonic craft and devotion to liberal education for a more equitable and democratic society.