'The Death of the Sick Day
For many office workers, “working from home” has replaced a day spent recovering under the covers.
By Steven Kurutz New York Times
Jan. 10, 2019'
TEACH FOR AMERICA with goals of ending PUBLIC K-12 and our public teaching structures has captured all degree grads unable to get that job out of college. It requires lower pay------it requires multiple industry exposure ----all being job training more than education.
SALARIES RANGING FROM $36,626 to FULL STACK DEVELOPER $105,000. So, to get a job at what was a PUBLIC SCHOOL one must be TEACH FOR AMERICA-----must travel through all these categories----while learning SOFTWARE for each job placement. CLASSROOM TEACHING----CHILD CARE---NON-PROFIT---SOCIAL WORK---MANAGEMENT--MILITARY-----AND THEN SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT.
At any point towards getting to a job paying $105,000 a person can be pushed out of this TEACH FOR AMERICA pathway.
The man in this article is likely a TEACH FOR AMERICA teacher in public school and it is likely he is already not really getting that $36,000 a year-----as he may be designated PART TIME----
This guy is thinking READING AND WRITING AND ARITHMETIC------as are HOME-SCHOOLERS-----while MOVING FORWARD has children as coders and junior stack developers as young as 6th grade. I had such a position---thinking I was full-time ----paid for part time-----and would have had to pay for my substitute as this man.
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How much does Teach For America in the United States pay?
The average Teach For America salary ranges from approximately $36,626 per year for High School Teacher to $105,818 per year for Development Director. Average Teach For America hourly pay ranges from approximately $15.58 per hour for Teacher to $35.54 per hour for Full Stack Developer.
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The career pathway today via TEACH FOR AMERICA is this FULL STACK SOFTWARE DEVELOPER which has our software technology engineering grads writing and designing WEB SITES---to include HOME-SCHOOLING as ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE which will within a decade of so WRITE ITSELF. WEB DEVELOPMENT AS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE WHICH REPLACES HUMAN FULL STACK DEVELOPERS.
After decade of these pathways where parents/teachers/students were indeed allowed to participate in these online lesson plans learning CODING and PROGRAMMING-----advancing into web design for each industry----------these technologies are now having HUMANS designing artificial intelligence which will WRITE THAT FULL-STACK DEVELOPER software.
We discussed LAWYER BOTS replacing LAWYERS----we discuss ONLINE LESSONS making part-time techs of our classroom teachers------EDUCATION BOTS-----but these human FULL STACK DEVELOPERS writing programs for HEALTH CARE------for FINANCE-----for MANUFACTURING-----for EDUCATION within a generation will have no career path....it will all be ROBOTIC/ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.
So, today's K-12 then COMMUNITY COLLEGE students pushed toward software engineering will be today's COLLEGE GRADS with no jobs being told they need to be VISTAS/TEACH FOR AMERICA/AMERICORP to pay for all that apprenticeship to career TUITION.
THIS WILL BE A DEAD END CAREER PATH------AS IT KILLS OUR K-12 STRONG, BROAD PUBLIC EDUCATION.
California teachers on medical leave have to pay for their substitutes. Will lawmakers step in?
By Hannah Wiley and
January 17, 2020 05:00 AM
High school teacher David Young had bladder cancer and continued to work in fear of running out of sick days. He was told he would have to pay $130 a day out-of-pocket for a substitute teacher if he went past the allotted 10 sick days a year.
By Daniel Kim
Sacramento special education teacher David Young doesn’t like calling in sick to work, even on days when he’s feeling the side effects of his chemotherapy treatments for bladder and prostate cancer and would rather curl up in bed.
But he has to go in, and not just because he loves working with his students and the co-workers who rely on his help.
Young, 51, also risks a financial hit if he misses too much school – one most private sector workers don’t have to worry about.
Because they are not eligible for state disability insurance, most California public school teachers must reimburse their employers for some of the cost of hiring a substitute during an extended medical leave.
“I even came in on days that I was sick from chemo to work,” Young said in interviews with The Sacramento Bee.
The arrangement, known as differential pay, dates back to the 1970s, when teachers chose not to pay into the state disability insurance fund that covers workers when they’re sick, injured or on pregnancy leave. Private sector workers pay into the fund with a paycheck deduction.
The California Legislature then determined that school districts could use a portion of a teacher’s wages to pay a substitute. That “differential” pay kicks in when teachers go on extended leave of up to five months, after they’ve exhausted their 10 sick days and accumulated time off.
Young said he bought a supplemental disability insurance plan, “just in case,” which would cover 75 percent of his salary.
So far, though, he’s skipped sick days to avoid both differential pay and going on disability.
“I’m trying to keep my sick days up. Accruing more and more is what I’m all about,” Young said. “I’m concerned that something might happen again, and that I will...I might need some days.”
Reform on the way?
Differential pay has recently caught the attention of a former labor leader who is now chairwoman of the Senate Education Committee.
State Sen. Connie Leyva, a Chino Democrat and former president of the California Labor Federation, introduced Senate Bill 796 this month to remedy what she called an archaic mistake that’s left teachers unnecessarily on the hook for their substitutes’ wages.
“At a time when a teacher is literally fighting for their life, they’re not receiving their full pay,” Leyva said. “So how are they going to make their house payment, their rent payment? They may even be wondering how they are going to make the premium on their insurance.”
Leyva’s legislation is new and unions and district representatives alike have yet to consider their position. But the legislation begs an expensive question: Who will pay for the change?
Kevin Gordon, whose lobbying firm Capitol Advisors represents a majority of California school districts, said Leyva’s idea seems like a noble solution to a poignant problem, but one that carries substantial financial consequences.
“It’s a righteous cause, without any money,” Gordon said. “It’d be great, if the Legislature were willing to pay for it.”
A pricey choice
Young has been teaching special education in the Sacramento City Unified School District for 16 years, with the past seven at C.K. McClatchy High School.
He was diagnosed with cancer in December 2017. For nearly six months, his life centered on trying to rid his body of a painful disease with side effects that include urinary and bowel dysfunction and bleeding.
He had surgery in January 2018 to remove as much of a tumor as possible, with eight weeks of chemotherapy to follow. He then had his bladder and prostate removed in May. He lost his hair, his energy, and 80 sick days accrued over 13 years in the process.
During treatments, Young said he’d avoid staying home when possible, but sometimes he’d have to take a “sporadic” chunk of four to five days off. He didn’t like leaving his co-teacher in a bind, he explained, or relinquishing precious time off originally reserved for retirement.
“I would try to come in on days that I was feeling okay, or wasn’t too nauseous,” Young said, “So I could hold on to as many sick days as I could.”
Young is now cancer free, but a slew of health complications — including depression, chronic exhaustion and a pulmonary embolism in his lung from chemo — have left him needing extra sick days.
When considering his options, the veteran teacher was told by his human resources department that he could take additional time off, but that he might have to pay about $130 for each day a substitute was hired as his replacement, to be cut from his paycheck.
Sacramento City Unified School District pays its substitutes in most of the K-12 schools a $146 daily rate for up to five days, when they start getting paid $222 a day. Sacramento Unified teachers make an average of $91,250. Teachers aren’t required to pay more than half of their paycheck toward a substitute.
Local unions usually work with their districts to establish paid leave banks where members can donate time to sick teachers.
More than 1,173 hours were donated to the Sacramento district’s bank in the 2018-2019 school year, district spokeswoman Catalina Martinez said. About 15 teachers each year dip into the fund, estimated Nikki Milevsky, first vice president for the Sacramento City Teachers Association.
“But while the number is relatively small,” Milevsky continued, “The impact on the individual, because it is someone with a serious illness, can be enormous.”
Young said he hasn’t had to ask for help just yet. He’s also confident his colleagues would step in with sick time donations, and he’s already accrued eight days since 2018 on his own.
On his “healthy days,” he has energy and does his job well. Other days are harder.
He’s grateful for his health insurance and for the allotted 10 days off, he said. But in retrospect, he thinks a $130-a-day pay cut might have been a better option.
“Looking back, I worked too hard,” he said. “I should have allowed myself a better break.”
Not far down the road our PRE-K-----CAREER software coders and programmers will be told ------you cannot get on THAT YELLOW BRICK ROAD to employment without BRAIN IMPLANTS------because you will not be able to INTERFACE WITH COMPUTER.
'Thymo ter Doest - Co-founder, full-stack developer ...
Info. Entrepreneur and full-stack developer studying artificial intelligence and international business. Currently working on using machine learning to automate bookkeeping.
Location: Maastricht en omgeving, Nederland'
These structures are taking our K-12 children to seeking this guy who is COOL and KNOWS STUFF----that start up company format that will disappear in a few years. This is CORPORATE APPRENTICESHIP-----which will be pre-K to career ---age 8-10 on up.
The Codeup Difference
Codeup is a career accelerator in San Antonio that runs programs that…
Codeup is a career accelerator in San Antonio that runs programs that teach Full Stack Web Development. Find out more from our VP of Student Experience, a Co...'
ONE WORLD ONE ONLINE EDUCATION tied to global corporate neo-liberal SCHOOLS don't are about CHILDREN----they don't care about FAMILIES----they only want the cheapest labor ----the youngest and strongest-----and the less everyone else knows the better.
The technology of computers tied to industrial engineering will leave HUMANS wanting jobs being told YOU MUST HAVE BRAIN IMPLANTS TO OPERATE THESE EQUIPMENT REMOTELY-----
Are brain implants the future of thinking?
Sun 22 Sep 2019 02.00 EDT Last modified on Mon 23 Sep 2019 05.32 EDT
Brain-computer interface technology is moving fast and Silicon Valley is moving in. Will we all soon be typing with our minds?
MEANWHILE, the career path of FULL STACK DEVELOPER paying a decent salary will DISAPPEAR.
Remember that child reading that VIRTUAL REALITY BOOK-----it is more then augmenting a human experience---it is forcing our children to be AUGMENTED in order to have a job.
'What is a Full-Stack Developer? - Codeup
codeup.com/what-is-a-full-stack-developer Aug 14, 2018 ·
Others are of the opinion that a full-stack developer is simply someone who is familiar with all layers in computer software development. These developers aren’t experts at everything; they simply have a functional knowledge and ability to take a concept and turn it into a finished product'.
What is a Full Stack developer?
by Laurence Posted on August 1, 2012
Is it reasonable to expect mere mortals to have mastery over every facet of the development stack?
Probably not, but Facebook can ask for it. I was told at OSCON by a Facebook employee that they only hire ‘Full Stack’ developers. Well, what does that mean?
To me, a Full Stack Developer is someone with familiarity in each layer, if not mastery in many and a genuine interest in all software technology.
Good developers who are familiar with the entire stack know how to make life easier for those around them. This is why I’m so against silos in the work place. Sure, politics and communication challenges get in the way in large organizations. I think the point Facebook is going for with their hiring policy is, if smart people use their heads and their hearts, a better product gets built in less time.
Layers of the Full Stack:
Server, Network, and Hosting Environment.
This involves understanding what can break and why, taking no resource for granted.
Appropriate use of the file system, cloud storage, network resources, and an understanding of data redundancy and availability is necessary.
How does the application scale given the hardware constraints?
What about multi-threading and race conditions? Guess what, you won’t see those on your development machine, but they can and do happen in the real world.
Full stack developers can work side by side with DevOps. The system should provide useful error messages and logging capabilities. DevOps will see the messages before you will, so make them count.
If the data model is flawed, the business logic and higher layers start to need strange (ugly) code to compensate for corner cases the data model doesn’t cover.
Full stack developers know how to create a reasonably normalized relational model, complete with foreign keys, indexes, views, lookup tables, etc.
Full stack developers are familiar with the concept of non-relational data stores and understand where they shine over relational data stores.
The heart of the value the application provides.
Solid object oriented skills are needed here.
Frameworks might be needed here as well.
API layer / Action Layer / MVC
How the outside world operates against the business logic and data model.
Frameworks at this level should be used heavily.
Full stack developers have the ability to write clear, consistent, simple to use interfaces. The heights to which some APIs are convoluted repel me.
Full stack developers: a) understand how to create a readable layout, or b) acknowledge they need help from artists and graphic designers. Either way, implementing a good visual design is key.
Can include mastery of HTML5 / CSS.
Full stack developers appreciate that users just want things to work.
A good system doesn’t give its users carpal tunnel syndrome or sore eyes. A full stack developer can step back and look at a process that needs 8 clicks and 3 steps, and get it down to one click.
Full stack developers write useful error messages. If something breaks, be apologetic about it. Sometimes programmers inadvertently write error messages that can make people feel stupid.
Understanding what the customer and the business need.
Now we are blurring into the line of architect, but that is too much of a hands off role.
Full stack developers have a grasp of what is going on in the field when the customer uses the software. They also have a grasp of the business.
Other Pieces of the Puzzle:
Understanding of repeatable automated processes for building the application, testing it, documenting it, and deploying it at scale.
An awareness of security concerns is important, as each layer presents its own possible vulnerabilities.
It is very bad practice to tightly couple code to a specific implementation (library, OS, hardware, etc). Just because a full stack developer understands the entire spectrum doesn’t mean they have license to take shortcuts. Well, actually they do if it is a build and throw away prototype.
Technology start-ups need full stack developers for their versatility! However, as an organization matures, it needs more and more focused skills.
I’m not sure you can call yourself a full stack developer until you have worked in multiple languages, platforms, and even industries in your professional career. Full stack goes beyond a ‘senior engineer’, as it is along the same lines as a polyglot programmer but with a higher view of all the connecting pieces. Note that on my list, only items 3-5 involve writing code'.
OBAMA era had parents, teachers, students thinking all this online programming was DEMOCRATIC------POPULIST.
TRUMP era is moving these online programming structures to replacing all human jobs with artificial intelligence with WEB DESIGN taking all brick and mortar reading, writing, and arithmetic to software.
PENCE OR WHOEVER NEXT PRESIDENT will kill that human pathway with artificial intelligence that DESIGNS ITSELF.....
Where are those pre-K through career students augmented by BRAIN IMPLANTS to have those FULL-STACK DEVELOPER jobs?
12 Years a Slave - Trailer No.1
Chiwetel Ejiofor stars in the true story of Solomon Northup, a free man in…
Chiwetel Ejiofor stars in the true story of Solomon Northup, a free man in 1800s New York State, who was kidnapped and forced into slavery on a plantation near New Orleans, and his subsequent fight for freedom with the help of a Canadian abolitionist (Brad Pitt).
They are STANFORD TOTAL PRISON MODEL being subjected to CHINESE SOCIAL CREDIT SCORE for not being able to pay for job training----because they do not have a job.
GONE IS ALL THAT BOMB AND BUST OF GLOBAL BANKING 1% NEO-LIBERALISM-------REPLACED BY GLOBAL CORPORATE EXTREME WEALTH EXTREME POVERTY LIBERTARIAN MARXISM.
09.20.2017 06:55 AM
When Websites Design Themselves
Apple's 1984 Macintosh revolutionized graphic design--but that was nothing compared to the coming wave of websites that'll design themselves.
Graphic design used to require physical work. To compose letterheads, business cards, brochures, magazines, books, and posters, you hunched over a desk or a light table. You cut and pasted paper or assembled metal type on a printing press. You processed 35mm film by hand, developing pictures in a darkroom with chemicals.
In 1984, Apple’s Macintosh arrived and changed everything. Layout software such as Aldus PageMaker and its successors enabled designers to make changes with a click. Graphic design transitioned from the workbench to the computer screen, in what we came to call the desktop publishing revolution. Design work moved from the laborious world of hands-on creativity to the freer but more abstract digital realm, where you can see the results of choices instantly—but each decision carries less weight, because you can undo it with a single command.
Today, we’re on the verge of another revolution, as artificial intelligence and machine learning turn the graphic design field on its head again. The vision is, to quote one project’s slogan, “websites that just make themselves.” Software will evaluate your text content, line of business, and imagery, and spit out finished pages without your having to lift a finger. These kinds of automated tools will arrive on the web first, but print design will change, too, as design-software makers inject machine learning into their layout tools and apps.
For all the noise about AI-driven graphic design, however, today’s reality lags stubbornly behind the grand vision. Many of the products now available will disappoint users expecting miraculous results from AI genies. That’s a letdown, for sure, but it also gives us some time to think about what kind of design work we want machines to do for us, and what roles we should be reserving for human beings.
The Grid promises to hand the design of your site over to an AI named Molly: “She’s quirky, but will never ghost you, never charge more, never miss a deadline, never cower to your demands for a bigger logo…Molly can apply a simple five-color palette to your site in more than 200,000 unique ways.”
One of the earliest entries into the artificial intelligence web design marketplace, The Grid has been promoting “AI websites that design themselves” since it launched a crowdfunding campaign in 2014. “Conceptually feels very next level, an obvious, natural progression just waiting to happen,” tweeted 37Signals/Basecamp founder Jason Fried when The Grid’s promotional video made the rounds of the web design community.
The Grid asked its “founding members” for $96 but then took years to deliver a product, and reviews have been decidedly mixed. If you watch the company’s video today, the next video that YouTube queues up for you will probably be “The Grid Sucks,” a rambling, hour-long complaint by early beta user DigitalDan. Molly might be an AI breakthrough, but at the moment, her role mostly involves generating color palettes and auto-cropping photos. Reddit is full of dissatisfied users who say that The Grid’s much-touted AI abilities produce look-alike websites that are difficult or impossible to customize. Other reviewers are similarly caustic (“shoddy and expensive,” says CMSWire).
The only way to reach the company is through a contact form, and its automated email replies—signed "Love, The Grid"—directed me to a demo video titled “The Five Minute Website on The Grid.” (The video itself clocks in at 56 minutes.) The software the demo walks through looks very similar to WordPress, Squarespace, Weebly, and Wix—content-management systems that took most of the code out of web design a good while ago.
Wix, another popular website builder, also offers an AI solution: Wix ADI (Artificial Design Intelligence). Nitzan Achsaf, head of Wix ADI, says it can create a website all by itself by using the content you provide to suggest “billions of beautiful design options.” You click the option you prefer and the program does all the reformatting. The company’s materials make it look quick and easy—but like an enhanced version of Wix, rather than a breakthrough tool for auto-generating websites.
Firedrop is yet another web design tool incorporating AI and ML. Firedrop’s AI takes the form of Sacha, a chatbot who walks you through the site-building process, asking you a series of questions and then offering suggestions and recommendations. Launched in March 2015 as a drag-and-drop website builder, Firedrop evolved into a design tool using AI at the end of 2015—around the same time that The Grid gained momentum. CEO Marc Crouch says Firedrop’s chatbot is intended to replicate the experience of working with a professional web designer.
These web design tools might offer assistance using artificial intelligence, machine learning, and algorithms, but on the whole, they still require hands-on use. You input data, see options and select what works, and choose from prescribed templates. That can be a great help, particularly for the novice designer or small business owner. According to Firedrop’s Crouch, small businesses are Firedrop’s target market. (A 2016 study by Clutch found that almost half of the small businesses surveyed did not have a website; the number dropped to 29 percent in a March 2017 followup.)
Template selectors and drag-and-drop interfaces have already lightened the burden on these businesses’ efforts to get online. The promise of new AI-based tools is not only to make life even easier for customers, but also to make sure that the resulting websites don’t feel like cookie-cutter lookalikes. Yet today, when these tools use algorithms and routines to generate a website from pre-formatted elements, the results too often still feel like they’ve been punched out of preset templates.
Doug Bartow, principal and design director at New York’s id29 studio, equates using templates in any capacity with going to the copy center. Templates work, he says, but the layouts become “fairly neutered” rather than distinct. Templates also make fine tuning difficult, according to Bartow, because you get what you get and for the most part can neither adjust nor customize the layout. Bartow does, however, appreciate the potential that the next wave of software might offer, be it for web or print design, and is open to using it—provided he can still do his best design work and be “original and distinctive.”
For professional designers and media makers, Adobe is the essential software toolmaker, and it has been making its own play in artificial intelligence and machine learning. Adobe CTO Abhay Parasnis says Adobe has collected its data and experience in the super high-end of the market over the years, and built the resulting expertise into Adobe Sensei—an artificial intelligence and machine-learning framework operating behind the scenes in Adobe’s tools. Currently, you can see it at work in the Face-Aware Liquify feature found in both Photoshop Creative Cloud and Photoshop Fix; the tool uses AI-driven face recognition to let users select and edit human faces in photos.
Parasnis believes that these features and others on the horizon will empower both pro designers and non-designers by enabling “more productivity and creativity.” But today, Adobe’s offerings—like The Grid’s site builder—provide only a glimmer of what design’s AI revolution could look like. For a fuller view, you have to turn from commercially available tools to the research world.
DesignScape, a project out of the University of Toronto, has won a lot of attention since its YouTube debut in 2015 for the companionship it seems to offer non-designers. Unlike The Grid’s Molly or Firedrop’s Sacha, DesignScape doesn’t promise to do all the work for you, but it doesn’t leave you on your own, either. Instead, more like a teacher than an assistant, it nudges you toward alternate and better solutions. DesignScape’s developer, Peter O’Donovan, now works for Adobe, along with two other of the project’s co-authors, so its features could soon make their way into Adobe’s flagship products. As an Adobe spokesperson pointed out, Adobe Illustrator’s still-in-development Quick Layout, showcased at Adobe MAX 2016, automatically adapts to items you’ve placed in the composition—much like DesignScape.
As today’s rudimentary tools mature, AI experts see the field moving down DesignScape’s path. In the next desktop publishing revolution, users will step back from hands-on labor and let the software generate ideas and plans. In this world, design work will become more like curation and management. Our tools will propose designs, and we will decide what works. But how useful—and how good—will the resulting designs be?
Nina Stössinger, senior typeface designer at Frere-Jones Type, expects artificial intelligence to have an ability to “replicate patterns and logic” frequently used in design work. Some of the results might be predictable, and some might be layouts we could create on our own. If something like DesignScape could help get those warm-up and immediate ideas out of us faster, Stössinger sees that as a useful aid. But she also worries that such assistance could trap designers, preventing them from thinking outside the box or customizing their work.
AI and ML assistance won’t stop professional graphic designers from wanting and needing to “make aesthetic decisions about the retouching and the typography,” according to Paula Scher, who has been a partner in the New York office of Pentagram since 1991. Even if the future of graphic design software involves more curation than creation, Scher emphasizes that “fine tuning” will still fall on designers’ shoulders. But as the software becomes more widespread and more sophisticated, “entry level jobs may be lost,” says Scher.
Of course, professional graphic designers have fretted about being replaced since the first versions of PageMaker and Quark fired up. One veteran who doesn’t believe in worrying is John Maeda, currently the Head of Computational Design & Inclusion at Automattic, the parent company of WordPress. Maeda says he’s been preparing for this latest wave of change since the 1990s: “In each decade, I have looked to acquire the skills that can keep myself ahead of the machine. I know it to be an impossible task, but I also don't give up easily. I guess I’m more of a warrior than a worrier. And I’m excited about the challenges that are coming to design.”
If and when professional graphic designers hand over some of their responsibilities to machines—or get cut out of the creative process entirely—many might welcome the change, seeing it as a chance to step away from the computer, whether to work by hand or just take a break from the screen. If this second desktop revolution’s AI algorithms save human designers time and make more room in their lives for reflection and creativity, it will win cheers all around. But those who want the software to function exactly like a professional designer should be careful what they wish for. “If you can find a machine that thinks like me, don’t buy it,” says Paula Scher. “It would be incredibly annoying.”