As Democratic labor and justice is killed with the dismantling of social Democracy by Republicans and Clinton/Obama neo-liberals----Republican voters thought for decades this was great. They also are being told that bringing back global sweat shop factories will take only people of color to slavery---one thing Republican voters soon found out was that Bush/Hopkins neo-cons were the same global corporate pols as Clinton neo-liberals---
AND NOW REPUBLICAN VOTERS ARE CLAIMING ------ALL OF THIS IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL AND AN ATTACK ON US SOVEREIGNTY.
As social Democrats always shout to Republican voters----AN INJUSTICE FOR ONE BECOMES INJUSTICE FOR ALL. So, rather than allowing growing tension against white Republicans and social Democrats ------let's work together to get rid of Bush/Hopkins neo-cons and Wall Street Clinton/Obama neo-liberals.
Today I want to talk about how we reverse all of this and rebuild a strong American media that works for the people and allows small media businesses to prosper.
If you are living in a city you are probably being drowned in all that is social media----building online startup businesses----but no one is telling you to build a solid small media print journalism or small media TV, or be that small business telecommunications high-speed competition to the media monopolies----
AND THEY ARE NOT TELLING YOU THAT ALL THE PEOPLE BUILDING BUSINESSES ONLINE WILL BE OUT OF BUSINESS AS BROADBAND TAKES ALL INTERNET TO GLOBAL CORPORATIONS.
Small Business Social Media
It’s time to consider an extension of your small business storefront and look into small business social media. Small retailers are having success selling socially on facebook. Virtual storefronts are proving to be a successful outlet for small businesses. If your small business is entertaining a new revenue stream, here are some insights to get on the right path and find funding social media for small businesses.
Facebook storefronts are operated exclusive of Facebook, powered by independent applications enabling you to customize your storefront. These applications offer a variety of options features, many are free, with upgrade options, while others charge require monthly subscription fee.
Funding Small Business Social Media CampaignsWhichever app you choose, getting a program started for small business social media is easy. Once your app is installed, you can add product listings, a welcome page, shopping cart and tools to promote your storefront. Next, personalize your storefront to reflect your brand, look for ways to engage and connect with your fans, post tips that relate to your industry; share information, pictures and helpful sites that might be of interest to your followers.
Getting Social With A Personal TouchAbove all, inject some personality into your page—this is a huge differentiator for small businesses and helps your small business social media so use it! Pin and tag updates along with photos to keeping your page dynamic. We encourage you to feature a product of the week or promote a special discount. Interact with our customers, engage them, and ask for feedback. Encourage participation by posting open-ended questions in your updates and continually immerse your business into the community. Do restrict the growth of your business. Part of funding social media for small businesses requires a small business owner to continually monitor issues relative to your industry and community. Make it a point of emphasis to continually make yourself & business available with your constituents without being overtly promotional. This will increase the visibility of your brand and build a stronghold within the community. With that said this is yet another tool to help promote your business, it’s not the recreation of the wheel, or the magic bullet. So test the waters, ask your fans and customers if they’d be interested in buying from you via Facebook.
Many small businesses are generating as much as 30 percent of their sales from Facebook, but remember that not everyone is part of social media, and many others may not feel comfortable conducting business through this medium.
Baltimore is blessed with a wide variety of resources that could be our local media instead of being forced to watch as national media corporations try to push us off TV by making it too bad to watch.
WE THE PEOPLE MUST RETURN TO BUILDING PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE FOR BOTH ANALOG AND LOCAL DIGITAL RADIO, TV, AND PHONE.
The coming $1 trillion infrastructure funding if coming from a social Democrat Bernie Sanders as with FDR----would send that Federal funding to do just that----let the citizens decide where that funding will go----and it should go to building radio/TV analog towers------cell towers----and rebuilding our underground PUBLIC conduits shared with lots of small business telecomm corporations. If Johns Hopkins wants to build a global and national telemedicine corporation using the internet----IT SHOULD BUILD ITS OWN INFRASTRUCTURE WITH WALL STREET.
Baltimore has a great art and film school in MICA----it can and should produce film, TV programming and with government funding tied to making sure it gives equal opportunity and access----we are well on our way to replacing national media stations thinking we are going to sit and watch advertisements over and over and over again. As well, Baltimore has a great spoken word----hip hop-----theatre groups all of which could and should be on TV----and there is more local programming on our local TV station. Peabody is best in the world for music of all kinds-----and a government funding to bring Peabody students and alum to our NEW local TV stations -----marching bands from our high schools-----much better than the trash national media is filling our stations with on the march to ending free TV.
ANALOGUE TERRESTRIAL TV
Terrestrial television is a term which refers to modes of television broadcasting which do not involve satellite transmission or via underground cables.
Terrestrial television broadcasting dates back to the very beginnings of television as a medium itself and there was virtually no other method of television delivery until the 1950s with the beginnings of cable television, or community antenna television (CATV).
The first non-terrestrial method of delivering television signals that in no way depended on a signal originating from a traditional terrestrial source began with the use of communications satellites during the 1960s and 1970s of the twentieth century.
Analogue TV encodes the image and sound information and transmits them as an analogue signal in which the message transmitted by the broadcasting signal is composed of amplitude and/or frequency variations and modulated into a VHF or UHF carrier.
The analogue television picture is "drawn" several times on the screen (25 in PAL system) as a whole each time, as in a motion picture film, regardless of the content of the image.
Stop allowing them to push almost all Americans into what is the worst of internet services----WiFi-----they are doing that as a stop gap for those pushed off of internet as rates soar and service goes to global corporations.
How Much Does A Cell Tower Cost?
By Nick Foster
Jun 9, 2015
A common question we receive from property owners, or investors, is, “How Much Does A Cell Tower Cost?”. Like the construction of any improvement, the answer is generally – it depends. Cell phone companies can construct guyed towers, monopoles, stealth faux trees, or façade mount the antennas to a building. There are many construction solutions readily available to cell phone companies looking to improve their network.
We want to share with you a few factors that influence cost:
1. All Cell Towers Need Two Things – Power and a Phone Line
To get started, all cell towers need electricity and access to a landline. The cost of pulling utilities and/or the phone line from the street or a nearby property, will be incorporated in the cost of a project. Sometimes the local utility company will cover the cost of pulling power, which is good news for the carrier.
2. Local Zoning Ordinances Influence Design
In our home market of San Diego, California, monopole, or guyed wire construction is banned, due to local zoning ordinances. If a cell phone company wants to construct a cell tower, they must construct a “stealth facility”, such as a faux monopine tree, eucalyptus tree, or a rooftop element architecturally integrated into the building. No exposed antennas are allowed to be seen by the general public.
In rural America, or areas with little to no zoning restrictions, it is a different story. You may not be able to drive a few miles without seeing steel poles towering into the sky. So construction materials are influenced by local zoning ordinances.
3. OK, So What Is The Cost Already?
An average estimate for cell tower construction can be anywhere from $100,000.00 – $350,000.00 depending on materials, construction, labor, etc. However, we have worked on projectswhere the construction costs incurred were closer to $1,000,000.00 by the time the project was completed.
Citizens across the US are shouting to get cell towers off our school grounds----all of the complaints come from health threats to radiation. None of these concerns are with the fact that telecomm corporations like Verizon are behind these towers and global pols are using what they think will be corporate school grounds as cheap real estate for new global corporate telecom infrastructure.
They don't see this school ground as public----WE DO and no, we don't want cell towers there. More importantly we don't want Verizon or any monopoly building cell towers when we need to build our own for our city and surrounding region and its local programming and local phone services.
Coalition questions cell towers on school grounds
Group worries about health, environmental risks; cell companies say they're safe
UPDATED 6:57 AM EST Feb 03, 2015
BALTIMORE --Growing reliance on devices such as cellphones and tablets means more and more cell towers and antennas are cropping up. But should they be built on school grounds?
Parent Jessica O'Kane helped lead opposition to a proposed cellphone tower near a playground at her children's school, Piney Orchard Elementary in Anne Arundel County.
"I would have moved. Myself and a lot of other parents would have moved if this went forward," O'Kane said. "There was going to be no negotiation with us. We were not going to say, 'Oh, OK, well if you give us a new playground, we'll let you go ahead.' No. We don't want it. We absolutely didn't want it."
The main complaint was that cell towers emit radio frequency waves. The worry is that they could expose children to serious health risks.
But the Federal Communications Commission has said: "Exposure levels on the ground are typically thousands of times below safety limits." It also said, "There is no reason to believe such towers could constitute a potential health hazard to nearby residents or students."
Parents question money behind decisions
Some parents are still skeptical, however, and they think money may be clouding the issue.
School districts can generate a lot of revenue by renting space for cellular towers and antennas, the 11 News I-Team's Barry Simms reported. There are plenty of them already in Anne Arundel, Prince George's and Montgomery counties.
In Baltimore City, two schools have cell towers on their grounds, and a dozen have cellular antennas, most of which are on the roofs. Last year alone, the city school district collected more than $720,000 in rent, Simms reported.
A Maryland coalition to halt cellphone towers on schools grounds said it wonders if it's really a fair exchange.
"Within footsteps of a child is this antenna that's radiating signals, and we very rarely have any technical knowledge and insight into what harm that signal may or may not be causing," said coalition member Kim Trueheart.
"We're here to educate the parents to get everybody paying attention and to speak with one very loud voice statewide," said coalition member Janice Sartucci.
Cell tower company CEO talks safety, inevitability
The I-Team traveled to a Virginia school to speak with the president of Milestone Communications, which has cell towers in several Maryland counties. President and CEO Len Forkas said his company's towers are safe.
"The school sites are very valuable sites because they are large parcels of land. We have lots of choices where we can site the tower where it will have the least amount of visual impact for the community," Forkas said.
Verizon Wireless and Milestone have proposed a cellular tower disguised as a tree for Severn and Magothy River middle schools in Anne Arundel County. Coalition families are fighting it. In addition to health concerns, they said they worry about possible hazardous leaks from equipment that's so close to a critical watershed.
"It's just got to be a big concern for anybody who's environmentally conscious," said Arnold resident Collin Murphy.
In Baltimore, City Councilwoman Mary Pat Clarke said she wants a moratorium.
"I'm calling for no contracts or agreements to be signed that bring these towers onto public school property in Baltimore City," Clarke said.
But that could be difficult because of federal telecommunications laws. Milestone doesn't have any contracts with Baltimore City schools but said the increasing need makes them inevitable.
"The number of towers that are needed has to double in the next 10 years to keep pace with the way in which people are using their wireless devices. The infrastructure has got to be closer to where people are using the service," Forkas said.
He said sometimes that means schools, but the coalition hopes it can create big enough hurdles so that cell towers will be built someplace else.
School districts in Howard, Harford, Carroll, Cecil and Baltimore counties told the I-Team that they do not have any cell towers or antennas on public school grounds. Some private schools do.
As we work to install a Congress and President not attached to global corporations by rebuilding the Democratic Party free from Clinton/Obama neo-liberals-----who then will reverse this FCC rule killing all analog and telling us it is good for America to move all transmissions to digital while the only intent was to hand all frequencies to global digital corporations-----we must start rebuilding these structures locally-----the FCC law did not address local transmissions-----and we are going to use Federal infrastructure funding to build these in all US cities.
'On June 12, 2009, the FCC required all high-power analog U.S. television stations to turn off their signals and move to a digital-only transmission'.
Low Power Television (LPTV) Service
The FCC created the Low-Power Television (LPTV) service in 1982 to provide opportunities for locally-oriented television service in small communities. These communities may be in rural areas or individual communities within larger urban areas. LPTV service offers programming tailored to the interests of viewers in small localized areas in a less expensive and more flexible way than traditional full-service/power TV stations. It has created opportunities for new entry into television broadcasting, provided a means of local self-expression, and permitted fuller use of the broadcast spectrum. LPTV stations are currently undertaking their transition to digital operations.
LPTV Digital Transition
Although Congress established a hard deadline of June 12, 2009 for full-power TV stations to cease analog broadcasts and begin operating only in digital, the statutory deadline did not apply to low power television stations, TV translator and Class A television stations (referred to herein as "LPTV stations"). Therefore, while all full-power television stations have ceased over-the-air analog broadcasting, many LPTV stations are continuing to transmit analog signals.
The FCC established September 1, 2015 as the date for the termination of all analog low-power television service. Since that date, analog television should no longer exist in the United States. Until that time, LPTV stations were allowed to continue to operate their analog facilities.
LPTV stations had the opportunity to seek either an on-channel digital conversion of their existing analog facilities (“flash cut”) or construct and operate a second digital companion channel during the remainder of the digital transition. However all LPTV stations were required to decide a single digital channel to continue to operate after the September 1, 2015 transition date.
LPTV Station Operation
LPTV stations are operated by diverse groups and organizations - high schools and colleges, churches and religious groups, local governments, large and small businesses and individual citizens. LPTV modes of operation and programming vary widely. These include satellite-delivered programming services, syndicated programs, movies and a wide range of locally-produced programs. LPTV stations sometimes tailor program segments or entire schedules to specific viewer groups (on the basis of age, language or particular interest).
On the technical side, LPTV stations transmit on one of the standard VHF (2-13) or UHF (14-51) television channels. The distance at which a station can be viewed depends on a variety of factors - antenna height, transmitter power, transmitting antenna and the nature of the environment (rural or urban, hilly or flat terrain). The FCC does not allocate channels for LPTV service. Applicants select channels and apply during a given time period.
Analog LPTV stations are limited to an effective radiated power of 3 kilowatts (VHF) and 150 kilowatts (UHF). Digital LPTV stations are limited to an effective radiated power of 3 kilowatts (VHF) and 15 kilowatts (UHF). There are no limits on transmitter output power and on antenna height, as long as the tower structure has been registered with the FCC.
Owning an LPTV Station
There is no limit on the number of LPTV stations that may be owned by any one entity. Current broadcast licensees, cable operators and newspapers may own LPTV stations.
Applying For an LPTV Station
New applications for digital LPTV and TV translator stations are only accepted during designated filing window periods. Applications for new analog stations are no longer accepted. The FCC announces these window periods at least 30 days before the opening of the window. The announcement provides details on how to file. Interested applicants should periodically check the FCC's Media Bureau website for window announcements.
Interference Requirements for LPTV Stations
LPTV stations have “secondary spectrum priority” to full-service stations. This means LPTV stations must not cause interference to the reception of existing or future full-service television stations, must accept interference from full-service stations, and must yield to new full-service stations where interference occurs. For more information regarding interference requirements, see Part 74 subpart G of the Commission’s rules.
When there is interference between cable systems and LPTV stations, a “first in time, first in right” policy applies. Under this policy, the cable system or LPTV station that had initial use of the channel has first priority and is not responsible for correcting the interference.
Programming and Programming Content
LPTV stations are subject to a minimum of program-related regulations. There are no prescribed amounts of non-entertainment programming or local programming, and there are no limits on commercials, and no minimum hours of operation. However, the broadcast of obscene material is prohibited at all times, and the broadcast of indecent and profane material is prohibited between 6 A.M. and 10 P.M.
Ancillary and Supplementary Services
Licensed digital LPTV stations and permittees operating pursuant to Special Temporary Authority (STA) must submit an FCC Form 317 (www.fcc.gov/forms) - (Annual DTV Ancillary and Supplementary Services Report) by December 1st of each year. Stations must report whether they have provided ancillary and supplementary services at any time during the twelve-month period ending on the preceding September 30th. If they have, they are required to remit to the Commission an amount equal to 5% of the gross revenues derived from these services.
The trend will have most Americans on WiFi as rates soar----and this is the trend because it operates on the spectrum not needed by high-speed internet=======and it does not have good prospects for the future because global telecom will not invest on the needed infrastructure for quality service.
'WiFi uses the unlicensed 2.4GHz spectrum, which often crowded with other devices such as Bluetooth, microwave ovens, cordless phones, or video sender devices, and among many others. This may cause degradation in performance'.
Due the fact that WiFi are still relatively new, there are considerably more disadvantages to users. Let's have a look at them:
The use of WiFi band that is 2.4 GHz does not require a license in most countries provided that is stays below limit of 100mW and one accepts interference from other sources; including interference which causes the users devices to no longer function.
The spectrum assignments and operational limitations are not consistent worldwide.
Power consumption is fairly high compared to some other standards, making the battery life and heat a concern to some users.
WiFi uses the unlicensed 2.4GHz spectrum, which often crowded with other devices such as Bluetooth, microwave ovens, cordless phones, or video sender devices, and among many others. This may cause degradation in performance.
WiFi networks have limited range. A typical WiFi home router might have a range of 45m (150ft) indoors and 90m (300ft) outdoors. Ranges may also vary as WiFi is no exception to the physics of radio wave propagation with frequency band.
The most common wireless encryption standard, wired equivalent privacy or WEP has been shown to be breakable even when it has been correctly configured.
Access points could be used to steal personal and confidential information transmitted from WiFi consumers.
Intervention of a closed or encrypted access point with other open access points on the same or a nearby channel can prevent access to the open access points by others in the area. It poses a high problem in high-density areas such as large apartment blocks where many residents are operating WiFi access points.
Inter-operability issues between brands or deviations can cause limited connection or lower output speeds.
Free access points can be used by the malicious to anonymous to initiate an attack that would be extremely difficult to track beyond the owner of the access point.