TRANSMUTATION back in DARK AGES had GLOBAL 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS threatening alchemists with their lives to do just this-----make gold from lead. Today, we have those same global 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS telling these same alchemists as barber surgeons to change humans into bears ----for space hibernation-----and those alchemists will keep trying to do so while pretending progress is being made.
SO, OUR US PHYSICISTS tied to particle accelerators telling us they are those alchemists solving the thousands of year old goal of changing lead to gold.
We understand the science behind particle accelerators breaking down chemical bonds to indeed create new metals stronger then those the EARTH has naturally---we also understand that these particle accelerator BASHING are temporary lasting the most brief of time. This is no doubt why global banking 5% freemason/Greeks players are often physicists.
'Can You Turn Lead into GOLD?
Published on Aug 14, 2015
HELP NASA : http://bit.ly/Ly8ITa'
Fact or Fiction?: Lead Can Be Turned into Gold
Particle accelerators make possible the ancient alchemist’s dream—but at a steep cost
- By John Matson on January 31, 2014
For hundreds of years alchemists toiled in their laboratories to produce a mythical substance known as the philosopher’s stone. The supposedly dense, waxy, red material was said to enable the process that has become synonymous with alchemy--chrysopoeia, the metamorphosis, or transmutation, of base metals such as lead into gold.
Alchemists have often been dismissed as pseudoscientific charlatans but in many ways they paved the way for modern chemistry and medicine. The alchemists of the 16th and 17th centuries developed new experimental techniques, medicines and other chemical concoctions, such as pigments. And many of them "were amazingly good experimentalists,” says Lawrence Principe, a chemist and science historian at Johns Hopkins University. “Any modern professor of chemistry today would be more than happy to hire some of these guys as lab techs.” The alchemists counted among their number Irish-born scientist Robert Boyle, credited as one of the founders of modern chemistry; pioneering Swiss-born physician Paracelsus; and English physicist Isaac Newton.
But despite the alchemists’ intellectual firepower and experimental acumen, the philosopher’s stone lay forever out of reach. The problem, Principe says, is that the alchemists did not yet know that lead and gold were different atomic elements—the periodic table was still hundreds of years away. Believing them to be hybrid compounds, and therefore amenable to chemical change in laboratory reactions, the alchemists pursued the dream of chrysopoeia to no avail.
With the dawn of the atomic age in the 20th century, however, the transmutation of elements finally became possible. Nowadays nuclear physicists routinely transform one element to another. In commercial nuclear reactors, uranium atoms break apart to yield smaller nuclei of elements such as xenon and strontium as well as heat that can be harnessed to generate electricity. In experimental fusion reactors heavy isotopes of hydrogen merge together to form helium. (An element is defined by the number of protons in its nucleus whereas an isotope of a given element is determined by the quantity of neutrons.)
But what of the fabled transmutation of lead to gold? It is indeed possible—all you need is a particle accelerator, a vast supply of energy and an extremely low expectation of how much gold you will end up with. More than 30 years ago nuclear scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in California succeeded in producing very small amounts of gold from bismuth, a metallic element adjacent to lead on the periodic table. The same process would work for lead, but isolating the gold at the end of the reaction would prove much more difficult, says David J. Morrissey, now of Michigan State University, one of the scientists who conducted the research. “We could have used lead in the experiments, but we used bismuth because it has only one stable isotope,” Morrissey says. The element’s homogeneous nature means it is easier to separate gold from bismuth than it is to separate gold from lead, which has four stable isotopic identities.
Using the LBNL’s Bevalac particle accelerator, Morrissey and his colleagues boosted beams of carbon and neon nuclei nearly to light speed and then slammed them into foils of bismuth. When a high-speed nucleus in the beam collided with a bismuth atom, it sheared off part of the bismuth nucleus, leaving a slightly diminished atom behind. By sifting through the particulate wreckage, the team found a number of transmuted atoms in which four protons had been removed from a bismuth atom to produce gold. Along with the four protons, the collision-induced reactions had removed anywhere from six to 15 neutrons, producing a range of gold isotopes from gold 190 (79 protons and 111 neutrons) to gold 199 (79 protons, 120 neutrons), the researchers reported in the March 1981 issue of Physical Review C.
The amount of gold produced was so small that Morrissey and his colleagues had to identify it by measuring the radiation given off by unstable gold nuclei as they decayed over the course of a year. In addition to the several radioactive isotopes of gold, the particle collisions presumably produced some amount of the stable isotope gold 197—the stuff of wedding bands and gold bullion—but because it does not decay the researchers were unable to confirm its presence. “The stable isotope would have to be observed in a mass spectrometer,” Morrissey says, “but I think that the number of atoms was, and is still, below the level of detection by mass spec.”
Isolating the minute quantities of gold would be even more difficult using lead as a starting material, but smashing high-speed nuclei into a lead target would indeed complete the long-sought transmutation. Some of the collisions would be expected to remove three protons from lead, or one proton from mercury, to produce gold. “It is relatively straightforward to convert lead, bismuth or mercury into gold,” Morrissey says. “The problem is the rate of production is very, very small and the energy, money, etcetera expended will always far exceed the output of gold atoms.”
In 1980, when the bismuth-to-gold experiment was carried out, running particle beams through the Bevalac cost about $5,000 an hour, “and we probably used about a day of beam time,” recalls Oregon State University nuclear chemist Walter Loveland, one of the researchers on the project. Glenn Seaborg, who shared the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work with heavy elements and who died in 1999, was the senior author on the resulting study. “It would cost more than one quadrillion dollars per ounce to produce gold by this experiment," Seaborg told the Associated Press that year. The going rate for an ounce of gold at the time? About $560.
Let's look at past public policy which led to today's MOVING FORWARD militarized medicine replacing our once strong public interest public health institutions and not listen to US national media telling us this all started under the MADMAN TRUMP.
Looking first at the goals of space mining slave colonization goals led by today's ELON MUSK having been handed our US public FEDERAL NASA during OBAMA era----BEFORE CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA real left social progressive academics created tons and tons of medical data showing the transport of humans and especially the goals of colonization to MARS et al was physically impossible all that public interest scientific data detailing all the damage that will be done if global banking continues to MOVE FORWARD these goals. Remember, REAGAN/CLINTON era was when US legislation and public universities shifted from public interest ----to corporate profit ------EVIDENCE BASED SCIENCE DATA went from what is good for mankind---to being what creates the most wealth and profit for global 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS.
All the headlines a few decades ago regarding US NASA told us all goals of manned missions to MARS----all goals of colonizing MARS were cancelled because all science and medical data showed these goals impossible.
WHAT HAPPENED DURING BUSH/OBAMA? BUSH RETURNED TO MARS MISSION GOALS FOR NASA KNOWING NASA WAS TO BE PRIVATIZED TO GLOBAL CORPORATIONS.
Below we see right wing media telling us OBAMA is LEFT -----it was the LEFT that killed NASA-----
Hijacked! How Obama and the Left Killed NASA: The journey ...capitalresearch.org/article/nasa
How Obama and the Left Killed NASA: ... and even America’s plans to return to the Moon and go on to Mars. ... Who’s behind this change of goals for NASA?
So, REAL left social progressive academics BEFORE Clinton era had already created massive medical data bases of EVIDENCE-BASED data showing there was no pathway to humans traveling to MARS or living on MARS. It was Bush/Cheney who no doubt erased all that science data to begin creating their on global banking 1% FAKE DATA. Who does Bush/Cheney---Obama work for? Foreign sovereignty of MALTA ---KNIGHTS OF MALTA----The HOSPITALLERS--nothing AMERICAN happening with these 5% freemason/Greek players
9 January 2004
Bush to announce manned mission to Mars
By Maggie McKee
A bold plan to construct a manned base on the Moon as a precursor to astronauts visiting Mars is expected to be announced by the US President George W Bush next week.
Government officials have confirmed that a new space initiative will be launched and the media has reported details of the plan contained in official documents. According to these, the Moon base would be constructed within the next 15 years, with missions to Mars or nearby asteroids beginning in the 2020s.
A human presence on the Moon, says space expert James Oberg, would allow engineers to iron out the technical and medical challenges of a manned Mars mission, which require at least a year of space travel.
The president will ask Congress for $800 million in seed money for 2005 and an additional five per cent of NASA’s approximately $15 billion annual budget over the next five years, reports United Press International. A human mission to Mars is expected to cost $40 billion to $80 billion.
The initiative has already been described as “crazy” by some White House advisors for its massive projected cost when the country is facing $500 billion deficits. And it may come at the expense of other NASA missions that do not involve human spaceflight.
NASA and White House officials, overseen by Vice President Dick Cheney, have been discussing the nation’s future space goals ever since the shuttle Columbia disintegrated in February 2003.
Rumours of an announcement of a manned return to the Moon at December’s centenary of the Wright Brothers’ first flight did not materialise. But next week’s declaration would be made immediately after NASA’s successful landing of a rover on Mars and just before the Iowa caucus, which kicks the presidential election year into high gear.
The ambitious plan could be crucial for NASA’s future too, according to Oberg. “This goal is consistent with the shuttle accident board, which criticised NASA for aimless policy drift. This is part of a get-well strategy,” he told New Scientist.
According to the UPI report and other sources, NASA’s three remaining shuttles, which are about 20 years old and cost about $3.5 billion a year to run, would have to be retired in order to pay for the new plan. This would happen after the end of construction on the International Space Station, which would be abandoned by NASA in about 2013.
In the new proposal, an Apollo-type capsule called a crew exploration vehicle (CEV), which has been studied for a couple of years, would take crews into orbit and back and forth from the Moon. The UPI report says an unmanned prototype could be tested as early as 2007, with the first crewed flights probably coming a year or two afterward.
However the CEV would be unlikely to be ready before the retirement of the shuttles, so NASA would have to rely on Russian Soyuz vehicles and French Ariane rockets in the meantime. “The Bush approach appears to expand US dependency, particularly with two countries that the US has had strained relations with,” notes Oberg.
The UPI report also suggests Bush may curtail or completely kill NASA missions uninvolved with the new human spaceflight effort. This might jeopardise ambitious missions such as New Horizons, which aims to visit Pluto and the outer Solar System.
“NASA will have to make these kinds of calls,” says Oberg, who supports the Pluto mission. Nonetheless, he says, “a human mission to Mars is of more immediate importance.”
President Bush’s father, former President George H Bush, proposed a return to the Moon in 1989. But the program stalled after NASA estimated the cost at $400 billion.
What BUSH/OBAMA did was indeed a TROJAN HORSE. Pretending to be advancing a space mission for the glory of 99% of US WE THE PEOPLE they were creating reasons to privatize NASA-----a Federal public NASA needed to be open to public oversight and accountability ----could not knowingly endanger human life--------but privatized to global corporations like SPACE-X would push all research and development into private corporate business and profit.
Knowing the goals of human space travels and MARS colonization cannot be met-----we see BUSH/OBAMA installing all that TRANSHUMANISM SCIENCE FOR SCIENCE SAKE. All the trillions of dollars being sent by CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA 5% global banking freemason/Greek pols and players is being spent to create a TRANSHUMAN SYSTEM needing tons and tons of research on how body chemistry can be augmented to create a MACHINE part human part robotic.
The reason global banking 1% need a HUMAN BODY in MOVING FORWARD space colonization is this-----the mechanics of robots all circuits being electrical---battery----even solar cannot operate on planets scorched with solar radiation. No robots can be planetary mining slaves ---it has to be humans augmented in whatever way these 5% global banking barber surgeons can devise.
Did Bush have goals of KILLING SPACE SHUTTLE? Look at who is SPACE X as NASA SPACE SHUTTLE today. This was the media outlet WIRED back in 2004 with all this FAKE NEWS.
President Bush announces his ambition to build a space station on the moon and eventually send astronauts to Mars, during a speech at NASA headquarters in Washington, Wednesday, Jan. 14, 2004.
AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite
President Bush's plan to go to the moon and to Mars without much additional funding will force NASA and Congress to make hard choices – particularly regarding the space shuttle and the hugely expensive International Space Station, observers said.
The Bush plan increases NASA's budget by just $1 billion over the next five years. That means the space agency has to figure out how to carry out the mission – first a return to the moon and later a trip to Mars – without a lot of additional money in its budget.
The first places to look for resources are the station and shuttle, which consume about a third of NASA's $15 billion budget. One question that's sure to arise – assuming Bush's vision for the moon and Mars sticks – is whether to kill the station and shuttle now, instead of in six to 12 years as the plan currently envisions, said Howard McCurdy, a space historian at American University in Washington. That would free up at least $25 billion over the next five years to go to the moon and Mars.
"Logically, if we want to go to the moon and Mars, we should be shutting things down now," McCurdy said.
McCurdy noted that the current President Bush's father, George H.W. Bush, similarly proposed going to the moon and Mars in 1989. However, that plan fell apart when NASA came back with a jaw-dropping $400 billion price tag.
While REAGAN/CLINTON worked at national level to erase all REAL left social progressive academic research data tied to these issues of human capability in space travel----tied to protecting against such human experimentation as LSD-sugar cube psychotic break therapy pretending it was SOCIAL BENEFIT------here is the local global banking 5% freemason/Greek player as BALTIMORE MAYOR then as MARYLAND GOVERNOR during those decades allowing MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE military medical research ignoring all human rights---ignoring all HIPPOCRATIC OATH-----ignoring all Federal patient protections in medical treatments.
Schaefer was indeed a DO IT NOW global banking 5% player just as we hear today MOVING FORWARD DO IT NOW WE CANNOT GO BACK
While Baltimore was no doubt one of the earliest US cities to have this global banking 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS capture of city council and mayor-----CLINTON era spread these captured DEMOCRATIC PARTY machines across America. When we allow our national Congressional political machines be captured----they fund the political machines in states and local governance.
Schaefer installed Wall Street Baltimore Development to capture all economic and development into the hands of global banking 1% just as the EISENHOWER ACT in late 1950s installed global MITRE CORPORATION foreign sovereignty of MALTA at Federal agency level. These are the policies our 99% US WE THE PEOPLE will be reversing in STOPPING MOVING FORWARD. Please glance through to see how mayors in your neck of the woods were tied as well to MOVING FORWARD these ONE WORLD for only the global 1% policies coming full-force today.
William Donald Schaefer, governor and mayor, dies
Michael Dresser, The Baltimore Sun
William Donald Schaefer, the dominant political figure of the last half-century of Maryland history, died Monday after a "do-it-now" career that changed the face of Baltimore while bringing a new burst of energy to the city he loved.
Mr. Schaefer was 89.
In four terms as mayor and two as governor, he was a champion of big projects that transformed Baltimore: Harborplace, Camden Yards, the National Aquarium, the Convention Center and the light rail among them. Yet he was also intensely involved with the mundane details of city neighborhoods. As mayor, he would patrol the city at night and on weekends, calling city officials to demand immediate action to fill a pothole or clean a garbage-strewn alley.
While no cause of death was immediately announced, Mr. Schaefer had recently been treated for pneumonia. His spokesman, Michael Golden, said longtime aide Lainy LeBow-Sachs was holding his hand as he died peacefully at the Charlestown retirement community.
Gov. Martin O'Malley announced Mr. Schaefer's death Monday evening and said he will lie in state at the State House and City Hall.
"I think one of the tremendous qualities that he brought to office was that sense that everyone had that he marched to the beat of his own drum. He was not the sort of person who was going to be pushed around or bullied by other elected officials or by the fashions or the whims of the politics of the day. He was a person who had pretty strong opinions and he was a person who was not shy about sharing them," Mr. O'Malley said.
Hmmmmm, we are sure Schaefer marched to the global banking 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS KNIGHTS OF MALTA DRUM
"There wasn't a person in the city of Baltimore that didn't feel like they couldn't stop him and approach him with a problem. ... They knew he was always their mayor and he was always on their side," Mr. O'Malley said at the State House.
Asked to name Scahefer's most important legacy, O'Malley said on Tuesday that many would point to edifices like Camden Yards, Harborplace or the light rail."But I think the legacy he would like the most is that people know that he cared, and there are hundreds of thousands of people all across our state who are remembering today their encounters with Mayor Schaefer or Governor Schaefer when they were looking for a job, when they needed to get a son or daughter into drug treatment, when nobody would come to address the problem of the illegal dumping in their alley or their broken swing sets in the park. And Governor Schaefer cared and he did something about it and he made sure government acted now for the people, government is meant to serve. And I think that is his most enduring legacy, really. I think that will live long after some of the memories of the built environment."
Flamboyant but private, irascible but sentimental, quirky but hard-headed, Mr. Schaefer won immense and enduring popularity among voters for his blunt talk and passionate dedication to public service. He prided himself on saying what ordinary people were thinking — even when it went counter to prevailing political norms — but his outspokenness would eventually contribute to his ouster as comptroller in the 2006 Democratic primary.
Mr. Schaefer's temper was legendary, but his eruptions were often calculated for maximum effect. He loved intensely — his mother, his friends, his city and state. And he hated fiercely — most notably in his poisonous relationship with former Gov. Parris N. Glendening and enduring contempt for the late Colts owner Robert Irsay.
As mayor, he was a tireless promoter of Baltimore. As governor, he was a builder whose second term soured in a wrenching fiscal crisis. By the time he left office, a series of gaffes — abusive letters to critical private citizens and his use of a derogatory term to describe the Eastern Shore — had dimmed his popularity.
In his final office, state comptroller, which he won in 1998 after four years of misery in retirement, he acted as an unofficial state gadfly — scolding governors and lesser officials and igniting controversies that might have sunk a lesser politician. But away from the spotlight, the comptroller also moved effectively to restore the reputation of the state's scandal-ridden pension system.
In no other office did he seem quite as happy as when he was the leader of his city.
Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, who noted that she was born just a year before Mr. Schaefer was elected to the office she holds, said in a statement that he "set the standard for what it means to be the mayor of an American city."
Ms. Rawlings-Blake shared her recollections of Mr. Schaefer in front of his statue at the Inner Harbor on Monday evening.
"He was so important, particularly for my generation, he was the first mayor we all knew," Ms. Rawlings-Blake said. "We have lost a true giant, a part of history."
"His biggest gift was his spirit, a spirit of possibility, that we have a promising future," she said.
A lifelong Democrat, Mr. Schaefer transcended political party and played by his own political rules. He supported Republicans over fellow party members when it suited him but held to a fundamental belief that government can be a positive force in people's lives. Philosophically, he defied classification — except as an unrelenting advocate of the real people who were affected by government policies.
"He had Schaeferism. He had his own philosophy," said retired Judge Edgar Silver, a longtime friend.
While he was a serious, hands-on leader who immersed himself in policy details, Mr. Schaefer was also a master of goofy theatrics that sacrificed personal dignity for belly laughs and free publicity.
Most famously, in an act of carefully choreographed buffoonery, he donned an 1890s bathing suit and waded into the seal pool of the National Aquarium in Baltimore to atone for the city's failure to open the tourist attraction on schedule. The 1981 photo of the bathing suit-clad, straw-hatted, stern-faced mayor with rubber ducky in hand would be seen around the world — gaining the city attention money couldn't buy.
Leaving City Hall for the State House in 1987 after 15 years as mayor, Mr. Schaefer had himself hoisted in a crate aboard a cruise ship for the trip from the Inner Harbor to Annapolis.
Moments later he emerged from the crate on the ship's deck clad in a naval officer's dress whites — gold epaulets and all. The crowd roared, the cannon on the nearby Constellation boomed and police boat sirens wailed.
Mr. Schaefer's antics could also take a darker turn. Behind closed doors, and sometimes in public, he could abuse aides unmercifully. His public tirades invited comparisons to a child's tantrums. At times, he embarrassed his most devoted supporters.
Cartoonists loved him. With his mottled forehead, sagging jowls and oversized ears, he was a caricature waiting to be drawn. The Sun's former editorial cartoonist Kevin "KAL" Kallaugher would portray him as the clown-suited King Don I and as the caped superhero Kaptain Keno — lampooning the gambling game he brought to Maryland. Mr. Schaefer said he was not amused.
Mr. Schaefer, who never married, had interactions with women that were contradictory and sometimes controversial. Pro-feminist in deeds, he was ahead of his time in putting strong, intelligent women in positions of great responsibility. They repaid his confidence with lifelong loyalty and protectiveness.
At the same time, Mr. Schaefer showed an old-fashioned disdain for political correctness. He routinely referred to his female employees and supporters as his "little girls." But most of the women on whom he bestowed that title — many of them committed feminists — wore it as a badge of pride.
Once Mr. Schaefer achieved high office, the only woman with whom he had a public dating relationship was Hilda Mae Snoops, a divorced mother of three. They had met in 1959.
They traveled together regularly but invariably booked separate rooms. When he was elected governor, she would become his official hostess and the dictatorial mistress of Government House. Despite her frequent clashes with his staff, he remained loyal to her until her death at 74 in 1999.
Neither he nor Mrs. Snoops explained why they never married. "I guess I've never been the marrying kind," he told an interviewer.
Friends speculated that he was simply too busy with his political career.
"He gave his whole life to public service, and the people of this state are his extended family," Judge Silver said.
Early interest in politics
William Donald Schaefer was born Nov. 2, 1921, in Baltimore, the son of William H. Schaefer, a title lawyer, and Tululu Irene Skipper Schaefer, a housewife.
Mr. Schaefer's father died in the late 1950s, but his mother lived to 89 and remained a strong influence in her son's life until her death in 1983.
Young Don Schaefer grew up in a two-story brick rowhouse at 620 Edgewood St. in a tree-lined section known as The Hill. Mr. Schaefer continued to live there for decades, but he moved to a townhouse in Anne Arundel County after his years as governor.
He was educated in city public schools, graduating from City College in 1939. Skipping undergraduate studies, Mr. Schaefer worked for the Maryland Title Guarantee Co. while attending law school at the University of Baltimore. He received a bachelor of laws degree in 1942.
With World War II at its height, he entered the Army as a private but was later promoted to officer rank. He served in a supervisory position at military hospitals in Britain and on the Continent.
Mr. Schaefer left active duty at the war's end with the rank of major, resumed the private practice of law and continued his legal studies at the University of Baltimore, which awarded him a master of laws degree in 1951.
He became a member of the vestry of Bishop Cummins Memorial Church, and though shy as a young man, went to some lengths to meet people by joining such groups as the Shriners, the Citizens Planning and Housing Association, and numerous improvement associations and Democratic clubs.
Mr. Schaefer became interested in politics in the early 1950s when his church tried to buy a parcel of land but failed because, he said, "the politicians sold it to somebody else." The experience prompted him to make two runs for election to the House of Delegates. He lost both times.
Nevertheless, he worked at building a political base through neighborhood associations and, in 1955, caught the eye of Irvin Kovens, a West Baltimore businessman and unmatched political fundraiser.
Mr. Schaefer ran for the City Council from the 5th District that year with the help of Mr. Kovens and was elected. More importantly, they became lifelong friends and formed one of the most effective political alliances in Maryland political history.
"From the day I met him till this minute he was the greatest," Mr. Kovens said in a 1979 interview with The Sun. "He's as nice a guy that ever walked in shoe leather."
Mr. Kovens died in 1989 after a prolonged illness. Shortly before his death he asked Mr. Schaefer to deliver the eulogy at his funeral. The governor characterized the request as "the highest honor for me."
Before beginning the eulogy, Mr. Schaefer was all but overcome with sobbing, exhibiting the deeply emotional side of a competitive and demanding public official.
As a neophyte councilman, Mr. Schaefer gained a reputation as one of the hardest-working elected officials in the city government. In his early years, he concentrated on bread-and-butter matters such as home rehabilitation, trash collection and school maintenance. Later, as chairman of the Judiciary Committee, he shepherded through the council much of the city's housing and urban renewal legislation of that period.
The future mayor first ran on a citywide ballot in 1967 when he won the council presidency. In a departure from past practice, he worked at the $15,000-a-year post full time.
In 1971, when Mayor Thomas J. D'Alesandro III decided not to seek another term, Mr. Schaefer jumped into the race. He won the Democratic primary with nearly 54 percent of the vote, but in a sign of Baltimore's changing demographics, his closest competitor was City Solicitor George Russell, an African-American.
The general election was a cakewalk, with Mr. Schaefer receiving 84 percent of the vote in a matchup with Dr. Ross Z. Pierpont, a perennial Republican candidate.
Mr. Schaefer quickly established himself as the city's No. 1 cheerleader — even though there was little to cheer about.
The city was in the throes of a transformation — accelerated by rioting after the assassination of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in April 1968 — from a middle-class ethnic European stronghold to an impoverished urban center with a black majority. Block-busting and white flight were devastating its neighborhoods, while a corporate exodus was bleeding away the employment base.
Mr. Schaefer brought to City Hall an intensity rarely seen in public life. He built a strong, energetic team of aides who would go on to long careers in municipal leadership — housing commissioner Robert C. Embry Jr., finance director Charles L. Benton, chief of staff Joan Bereska, lobbyist Janet Hoffman and tourism chief Sandy Hillman, to name a few.
During his first term, Mr. Schaefer conducted a frenzied campaign of boosterism. He encouraged "urban homesteading" in once-blighted neighborhoods and relentlessly promoted tourism in a city travelers went out of their way to avoid. To bring a splash of color to the city's Christmas, he ordered lights hung from the once-sacrosanct Washington Monument. He launched a renovation of the decrepit City Hall.
"It was a period when Baltimore was a bit lethargic, so suddenly comes along this unlikely mayor who takes Baltimore and shakes it by the lapels — and people wanted to have their lapels shaken," said Mark Wasserman, a longtime aide in both city and state government.
It was during these years that "Do It Now" became the catchphrase for Mr. Schaefer's approach to governing — and it would follow him through his career. But the phrase also came to embody his unrelenting pressure on his staff. Over the years, some of his closest associates would burn out and move on to less stressful jobs.
With the city's finances ailing, Mr. Schaefer trolled aggressively for every federal and state dollar he could bring to Baltimore. In Annapolis, he could count on Gov. Marvin Mandel — another Baltimore politician of the old school — for consistent support. But his cantankerous and successful begging raised hackles in the General Assembly. If Mr. Schaefer cared, he never showed it.
By 1975, Mr. Schaefer had solidified his political base to the point that no credible candidate thought of challenging him. He won re-election easily and began what might have been the most productive period of his mayoral career.
First, however, would come a brush with death that would haunt him for years. On April 13, 1976, a deranged Charles A. Hopkins invaded the temporary city hall in the old USF&G building on South Calvert Street. Taking a handgun from a paper bag, he shot a receptionist and ordered an aide to tell him where Mr. Schaefer was.
The aide lied, telling Hopkins that Mr. Schaefer was in Annapolis. The gunman then rampaged through the building, looking for city councilmen. He killed one, Dominic Leone, wounded Carroll Fitzgerald and took a shot at Joseph Curran that might have contributed to his death within a year of a heart condition.
The mayor emerged from his office after hearing the noise, but by then a policeman had shot Hopkins six times. Mr. Schaefer would become an ardent advocate of limits on handguns — crossing swords with the National Rifle Association as governor.
Later that year, Gov. Jimmy Carter would be elected president. The two Democrats never hit it off personally, but the Carter presidency brought a comparative flood of federal money into the nation's cities.
Few mayors exploited the slew of Carter urban programs as aggressively as Mr. Schaefer, who used the largess for summer jobs programs and public works projects. Using federal dollars to fill key gaps in the financing, he persuaded the head of the Hyatt chain to build a sparkling new hotel on Light Street. It would become a centerpiece for the future development of the Inner Harbor.
Mr. Schaefer proved equally adept in working with state government — particularly during the Mandel administration. In 1976, with Mr. Mandel's help, he won approval of two giant projects in a single legislative session: the Baltimore subway and Convention Center.
They would soon be followed by the National Aquarium in Baltimore, the idea for which Mr. Schaefer shamelessly borrowed from Boston. But Baltimore's mayor insisted on building the most fabulous fish tank in the country, topped by a rain forest that would become its architectural signature. When his finance people urged him to cut the rain forest to save money, his response was unprintable.
At the time, the most controversial of Mr. Schaefer's downtown projects was a scheme he cooked up with developer James Rouse to build a retail and restaurant complex along the edge of the Inner Harbor. They called it Harborplace.
The proposal met fierce resistance from Baltimoreans who had only recently become accustomed to open vistas and green space along a harbor once dominated by dilapidated piers. It had become a place of fairs and civic gatherings.
Foes of the project took the matter to referendum in November 1979. They started with momentum behind them, but Mr. Schaefer's allies in the business community rallied behind the proposal.
Mounting a sophisticated campaign and forging alliances with African-American ministers, the pro-Harborplace forces won the referendum. The same Election Day, Baltimore voters handed Mr. Schaefer a third mayoral term.
When it opened in 1980, Harborplace was hailed as a model of a new American urban center — the project that brought other Inner Harbor attractions together. As Baltimoreans and tourists flocked to the new attraction, the fierceness of the struggle to build it was largely forgotten.
As was often the case, Mr. Schaefer found it difficult to take pleasure in his achievement.
Ms. LeBow-Sachs, who served him both as mayor and governor, said that when she and Mr. Schaefer got back to City Hall after the dedication of Harborplace, she stopped in his office and commented on what a great day it was for him.
"He said, 'That already happened. What else is going on in the city?' " Ms. LeBow-Sachs recalled.
A unique style of leading
Mr. Schaefer's legendary impatience drove him to find ways to get around the cumbersome processes of city government. He and his allies were heavily criticized after they established a multimillion-dollar development loan bank that The Sun would dub "the shadow government." Operated by nonelected trustees, the bank was used to expedite projects the City Council might take months to approve.
As in many cases in his public career, Mr. Schaefer did not suffer that criticism gracefully.
On one occasion, Mr. Schaefer zeroed in on reporters who had written articles saying the trustees had made an open-ended agreement with a developer that did not receive the approvals required by the City Charter. A furious mayor called Sun reporter C. Fraser Smith — who would later become Mr. Schaefer's biographer — "a liar, a nitwit."
But Mr. Schaefer also found more deft ways to reply to his critics — once posing as Lamont Cranston, "The Shadow" on old-time radio, to lampoon The Sun's coverage of the trustees.
As a manager, Mr. Schaefer was also known for his legendary temper. Ms. LeBow-Sachs recalled that the mayor once ordered his housing director and top aides to meet him at a project that was not progressing to his satisfaction.
When Mr. Schaefer got out of the car, he went "ballistic" — chewing out the unfortunate underlings in the most colorful terms.
"He got back in the car and said, 'That was good, wasn't it?' " Ms. LeBow-Sachs said.
During his last term as mayor, Mr. Schaefer absorbed one of the most disappointing reversals of his political career because of a man whose name would become infamous in Baltimore.
Mr. Irsay, the hard-drinking and mercurial owner of the Baltimore Colts, had been a thorn in Mr. Schaefer's side since his first mayoral term. For more than a decade, Mr. Irsay would periodically shop the NFL team around the country — threatening to move if the city or state didn't spend millions on improvements to Memorial Stadium and other perks.
By 1984, Mr. Schaefer thought he was close to a deal with Mr. Irsay. But that March, enticed by the offer of an $80 million domed stadium in Indianapolis, Mr. Irsay had the team's records and trophies loaded onto Mayflower vans at its training facility in Owings Mills. Overnight, the Colts left Maryland — creating a void Mr. Schaefer would work to fill for the next decade.
"He was a double-crosser. He lied," Mr. Schaefer would say of Mr. Irsay.
Though Mr. Schaefer could be fierce in his hatreds, he could also be forgiving to old adversaries.
Mr. Wasserman recalled that when former City Council President Walter Orlinsky, Mr. Schaefer's longtime nemesis, got out of prison with his life in shambles after a bribery conviction, Mr. Schaefer gave him a job running a tree-planting program.
"Wally did a tremendous job and was forever grateful," Mr. Wasserman said.
On to Annapolis
Mr. Schaefer's last mayoral term would be hobbled as the flow of federal money that watered his pet projects slowed to a trickle under President Ronald Reagan. With strong black support, the mayor easily turned back a challenge by William "Billy" Murphy Jr., an African-American candidate, in 1983.
As his statewide popularity soared, close friends such as Judge Silver and Mr. Kovens urged him to turn his eyes to Annapolis, where Gov. Harry R. Hughes was nearing the end of his second term. Without Mr. Schaefer in the race, the prohibitive favorite in 1986 was Attorney General Stephen H. Sachs, a reformist Democrat candidate who opposed the traditional machine politics of which Mr. Kovens was a symbol.
After months of pressure, Mr. Schaefer agreed to give up the job he loved to run for the State House. Mr. Sachs fought an aggressive campaign, but his candidacy was doomed from the day the mayor announced.
Mr. Schaefer won the primary by a comfortable margin and crushed the token Republican candidate in November, winning an eye-popping 82 percent of the vote.
The Sun summarized his service in a farewell editorial:
"Baltimore will likely not soon see another mayor impose his personality as forcefully on the city. Mr. Schaefer sometimes governed by tantrum, but he governed. Baltimore is not cured of its ills, but it is better for his years in power."
A tougher venue
Mr. Schaefer arrived in Annapolis with the same sense of urgency that he exuded in City Hall.
"I'm not going to be a hands-off governor," Mr. Schaefer told freshman legislators a month after his election. "I'm going to come after you."
But Mr. Schaefer quickly learned that the legislature was a far tougher venue than the usually pliable City Council. He found himself dealing with two hard-nosed presiding officers, Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller and House Speaker R. Clayton Mitchell, who had their own ideas about state policies and who jealously guarded legislative prerogatives — even in the face of a governor who believed he had a mandate.
Some legislators feared that the new man's ardent devotion to his hometown would unduly influence his executive decisions. A few even referred to Mr. Schaefer as "the governor of Baltimore."
As with all MOVING FORWARD goals during CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA----Bush era created the stepping stone to NASA being controlled by global corporations----OBAMA made it official with trillions of dollars in scientific research funding directed at both HUMAN SPACE TRANSFER----THE WHISPERING ROOM-----and creating all kinds of national media as to the RACE TO COLONIZE MARS is cool-----it is hip------real intelligent people know this is the way to go.
WE CAN NO LONGER BE INTELLIGENT-----WE CANNOT BE TRANSFORMATIVE IF WE DON'T EMBRACE THE GOALS OF MARS ALREADY FOUND TO BE INHUMANE.
Goals of the U.S. space policy ---Bush era
- Strengthen the nations' space leadership and ensure that space capabilities are available in time to further U.S. national security, homeland security, and foreign policy objectives;
- Enable unhindered U.S. operations in and through space to defend our interest there;
- Implement and sustain an innovative human and robotic exploration program with the objective of extending human presence across the solar system;
- Increase the benefits of civil exploration, scientific discovery, and environmental activities;
- Enable a dynamic, globally competitive domestic commercial space sector in order to promote innovation, strengthen U.S. leadership, and protect national, homeland, and economic security;
- Enable a robust science and technology base supporting national security, homeland security, and civil space activities; and
- Encourage international cooperation with foreign nations and/or consortia on space activities that are of mutual benefit and that further the peaceful exploration and use of space, as well as to advance national security, homeland security, and foreign policy objectives.
Bush era expanded US NASA into the hands of global corporations and global banking 1%------Obama privatizes NASA while US national media tells our 99% US WE THE PEOPLE----don't worry, all of NASA isn't privatized, only that space shuttle.
It is OBAMA era with CLINTON global banking 5% freemason/Greek pols and players who placed THE WHISPERING ROOM and HUMANS ON MARS---NO PROBLEM into high gear.
Nothing LEFT happening with CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA----they are all far-right wing global banking 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS.
Obama plan privatizes astronaut launches
World | Kenneth Chang, NYT News Service | Updated: January 29, 2010 12:22 IST
New York: President Barack Obama will end NASA's return mission to the moon and turn to private companies to launch astronauts into space when he unveils his budget request to Congress next week, an administration official said Thursday.
The shift would "put NASA on a more sustainable and ambitious path to the future," said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity. But the changes have angered some members of Congress, particularly from Texas, the location of the Johnson Space Center, and Florida, the location of the Kennedy Space Center.
"My biggest fear is that this amounts to a slow death of our nation's human space flight program," Rep. Bill Posey, R-Fla., said in a statement.
Obama's request, which will be announced on Monday, would add $6 billion over five years to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's budget compared with projections last year. With the increase, NASA would receive $100 billion over the 2011 through 2015 fiscal years.
The new money would largely go to commercial companies that would provide transportation to and from the International Space Station. Until now, NASA has designed and operated its own spacecraft, like the space shuttles.
The commercial rockets would displace the Ares I, the rocket that NASA has been developing for the past four years to replace the shuttles, which are scheduled to be retired this year. Companies expected to seek the new space taxi business include United Launch Alliance, a partnership between Boeing and Lockheed Martin that launches rockets for the U.S. Air Force, and Space Exploration Technologies, a startup company led by Elon Musk, who founded PayPal.
Speaking at a news conference in Israel on Wednesday, Gen. Charles F. Bolden Jr., the NASA administrator, gave hints of the new direction. "What NASA will focus on is facilitating the success of - I like to use the term 'entrepreneurial interests,"' Bolden said.
Skeptics wonder whether the commercial approach would be significantly faster or cheaper than completing the Ares I and the Orion capsule that would carry the astronauts, and how astronaut safety would be maintained. NASA has spent about $9 billion on Ares I and Orion.
"We have already spent valuable time and billions of dollars developing this program," Rep. Michael McCaul, R-Texas, said in an e-mail statement. "It makes no sense to throw away a plan backed by 50 years of NASA experience and institutional knowledge in favor of startup operations, which may encounter delays and unknown obstacles."
Obama's proposal would further dismantle what remains of the human spaceflight initiative started by the Bush administration in 2004. Last year, $3.5 billion in spending was cut from President George W. Bush's NASA budget projection for 2011-2013, money that would have been used to develop the lander that was to return astronauts to the moon by 2020.
The proposed budget increase would also be much less than the $3-billion-a-year increase that a committee appointed by the Obama administration said was needed for NASA to successfully pursue a human spaceflight program beyond low-Earth orbit.
As widely expected, Obama's request will seek to extend the life of the space station five years, to 2020. It also proposes investments to improve the facilities at the Kennedy Space Center.
The retirement of the space shuttles will cost at least 4,600 of the 15,000 jobs at the Kennedy Space Center. The administration official said the commercial launching initiative could create up to 1,700 jobs in Florida, but that figure is based on projections of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation, a trade group.
Sally K. Ride, a former astronaut who served on the panel, said she was encouraged by the budget increase for NASA in light of the planned freeze on domestic spending overall.
"They plan to be sending people beyond low-Earth orbit, and they have a good formulation," Ride said. "I think the way to evaluate this plan when it's rolled out is to ask whether the administration has given NASA the funds for what it's asked to do."
"It appears to me the answer is yes," Ride said, based on briefings she had received on the plans.
She said the administration took options the panel presented and "came up with an innovative approach for NASA."
When reading THE WHISPERING ROOM those mad-hatter POD PEOPLE making 5% players were running around injecting any citizen who immediately is lost to POD ETERNITY. We are told all this is easy for global banking 1% to do today in US by simply using US CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL doing ordinary social benefit medical procedures like FLU SHOTS. Again, there is nothing yet manufactured that will make POD PEOPLE of our US 99% WE THE PEOPLE by simple vaccination or flu shot. We see global banking 5% media players making everyone fearful of these ordinary medical procedures while not educating on REAL SCIENTIFIC research and goals. Yes, we have too many vaccinations----yes, we have lost quality control of manufacturing vaccines -----the REAL PROBLEM is that BUSH/OBAMA placed our US national medical facilities under umbrella of HOMELAND SECURITY.
NOW, our US cities deemed FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES and those states with ATTORNEY GENERALS declaring the entire state a FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE aka sanctuary city-----have HOMELAND SECURITY-----the global 1% foreign sovereignty of MALTA controlling our LOCAL PUBLIC HEALTH.
What was once a Federal agency tied to stopping disease vector epidemics is now in the hands of far-right wing, authoritarian, militaristic, extreme wealth extreme poverty LIBERTARIAN MARXIST-----CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA.
Homeland Security Program Guidance For Local Health
Due to the H1N1 outbreak and the critical role that the
LHDs play in health emergency
preparedness the NYS Office of Homeland Security
(OHS) and NYS Department of Health (DOH) have been
collaborating on a project to provide your jurisdictions with funds to support your health preparedness planning efforts.
Federal FY09 State Homeland Security Program (SHSP)
funds have been identified to support the LHDs.
The State Homeland Security Program (SHSP) is a core homeland security assistance
program that provides funds to build capabilities
at the State and local levels and to
implement the goals and objectives included in the State Homeland Security Strategy
When our entire US CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL fall into global banking 1% global military HOMELAND SECURITY control -----we do not have PUBLIC INTEREST PUBLIC POLICY being funded. We have MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE for only the global 1% -----claiming all of these medical procedures-----IRON FURNACE LAKE POD PEOPLE-----space travel human hibernation and space colonization is all SOCIAL BENEFIT. When these Federal agencies control our local agencies they easily create FAKE SCIENCE DATA and control the media sent to local communities as to SOCIAL BENEFIT of LSD VIRTUAL REALITY CANCER THERAPY or cochlear implants----or as to finding little or no harm for humans in space travel hibernation with MARS transformed into a GARDEN OF EDEN.
We had plenty of real 99% WE THE PEOPLE protesting against all these capture of our Federal PUBLIC HEALTH agencies during BUSH but especially during OBAMA. When global banking 5% freemason/Greek players try to claim racism against OBAMA when these policies will kill all US 99% WE THE PEOPLE black, white, and brown citizens----JUST GET RID OF THOSE GLOBAL BANKING 5% FREEMASON/GREEK POLS AND PLAYERS.
The CDC is one of the major operating components of the Department of Health and Human Services. View CDC’s Official Mission Statements/Organizational Charts to learn more about CDC′s organizational structure.
CDC works 24/7 to protect America from health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the U.S. Whether diseases start at home or abroad, are chronic or acute, curable or preventable, human error or deliberate attack, CDC fights disease and supports communities and citizens to do the same.
CDC increases the health security of our nation. As the nation’s health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health threats. To accomplish our mission, CDC conducts critical science and provides health information that protects our nation against expensive and dangerous health threats, and responds when these arise.
CDC Organization Chart
CDC Organization Chart
Center, Institute and Offices
CDC’s Center, Institute, and Offices (CIOs) allow the agency to be more responsive and effective when dealing with public health concerns. Each group implements CDC′s response in their areas of expertise, while also providing intra-agency support and resource-sharing for cross-cutting issues and specific health threats. The CIOs are:
- CDC Washington Office
- Center for Global Health
- National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
- Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support
- Office of Equal Employment Opportunity
- Office of Infectious Diseases
- Office of Minority Health and Health Equity
- Office of Noncommunicable Diseases, Injury and Environmental Health
- Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response
- Office of Public Health Scientific Services
- Office of the Associate Director for Communication
- Office of the Associate Director for Laboratory Science and Safety
- Office of the Associate Director for Policy
- Office of the Associate Director for Science
- Office of the Chief of Staff
- Office of the Chief Operating Officer
What population groups here in US are targeted for social benefit LSD-sugar cube mental health therapy? Our 99% US veterans struggling with all kinds of war injuries-----from phantom limb pain to PTSS-----of course with active service comes for many military addictions -----
As well, installing this massive global military structure of HOMELAND SECURITY working for foreign sovereignty of MALTA KNIGHTS OF MALTA---THE HOSPITALLERS-----has already created thousands of US job categories-------these 'careers' are filling our US public university curricula----so all 99% of US WE THE PEOPLE are being made WORKERS----tied to MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD with THE WHISPERING ROOM POD PEOPLE policies ----with MARS travel as a CLUB MED experience with MARS being that GARDEN OF EDEN.
Global banking 1% want our US 99% WE THE PEOPLE black, white, and brown citizens to think all this has gone too far-----please think about this----BUSH/OBAMA has only been a few decades of public policy-----we really can EASY PEASY ----STOP MOVING FORWARD. COME TOGETHER AS A 99% VS GLOBAL 1%.
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2003 Oct-Dec;18(4):327-33.
Homeland security and public health: role of the Department of Veterans Affairs, the US Department of Homeland Security, and implications for the public health community.
Koenig KL1.Author information
The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 led to the largest US Government transformation since the formation of the Department of Defense following World War II. More than 22 different agencies, in whole or in part, and >170,000 employees were reorganized to form a new Cabinet-level Department of Homeland Security (DHS), with the primary mission to protect the American homeland. Legislation enacted in November 2002 transferred the entire Federal Emergency Management Agency and several Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) assets to DHS, including the Office of Emergency Response, and oversight for the National Disaster Medical System, Strategic National Stockpile, and Metropolitan Medical Response System. This created a potential separation of "health" and "medical" assets between the DHS and HHS. A subsequent presidential directive mandated the development of a National Incident Management System and an all-hazard National Response Plan. While no Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) assets were targeted for transfer, the VA remains the largest integrated healthcare system in the nation with important support roles in homeland security that complement its primary mission to provide care to veterans. The Emergency Management Strategic Healthcare Group (EMSHG) within the VA's medical component, the Veteran Health Administration (VHA), is the executive agent for the VA's Fourth Mission, emergency management. In addition to providing comprehensive emergency management services to the VA, the EMSHG coordinates medical back-up to the Department of Defense, and assists the public via the National Disaster Medical System and the National Response Plan. This article describes the VA's role in homeland security and disasters, and provides an overview of the ongoing organizational and operational changes introduced by the formation of the new DHS. Challenges and opportunities for public health are highlighted.
Of course THE WHISPERING ROOM cochlear implants combined with LSD sugar cube psychotic breaks will have our US 99% WE THE PEOPLE thinking GOD is the voice inside our heads telling us MARS is in fact that GARDEN OF EDEN-----courtesy CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA MOVING FORWARD what we already know to be inhumane medical policies-----what we already know is DEEP, DEEP, REALLY DEEP STATE SMART CITY goals.
Oh, look! Jesus really was a global banking OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS freemason! THE WALRUS as global banking 5% freemason/Greek FAKE religious leaders meets the CARPENTER as global development corporations will be the death of 99% of humanity.
Mars - Garden of Eden
Mars - Garden of Eden Album - Sonic Sunrise Release Date - 2003-06-08 Label - Frequency 8 Catalog #F8EXTGOE
SpaceX Wants To Go To Mars — and Has a Plan To Get There
Posted by timothy on Saturday March 08, 2014 @11:03PM from the it's-not-earth-musk's-after dept.
mknewman writes with an article at NASA SpaceFlight which lays out the details of a plan from SpaceX to send a craft to Mars, using an in-development engine ("Raptor") along with the company's Super Heavy Lift Launch Vehicle.
"Additionally, Mr. Musk also introduced the mysterious MCT project, which he later revealed to be an acronym for Mars Colonial Transport. This system would be capable of transporting 100 colonists at a time to Mars, and would be fully reusable. Article is technically dense but he does seem to follow through on his promises!"
This is an endeavor that's been on Elon Musk's mind for a while.