The first thing we notice with the FLORIDA school shooting were lots of people shown in media having NO BACKGROUND IN EDUCATION. Just as here in Baltimore and Maryland-----school superintendents are no longer tied to QUALITY PUBLIC EDUCATION----they are tied to global education corporations like DEVOS/PRINCE. OBAMA from Chicago---ground zero for SCHOOL OF AMERICA MILITARY TRAINING-----created policy called PROMISE because Clinton/Obama were defunding all public schools and funding handing all Federal education spending to global corporations. Same as Clinton/Bush.
When we read these articles written about the FLORIDA SCHOOL SHOOTING we see the shooter CRUZ as child with a long documented history of troubled behavior being mainstreamed in a Florida public school under the guise of PROMISE----because OBAMA and Congress were defunding and closing our US public schools in grand fashion.
PROMISE WAS NEVER A POLICY TO HELP TROUBLED STUDENTS----IT WAS A POLICY USED AS AN EXCUSE TO STOP FUNDING SCHOOLS DESIGNED FOR SPECIAL NEEDS.
'The Broward County School District now says that gunman Nikolas Cruz was once referred to a program that provides alternatives to arrests, contradicting earlier statements made by Superintendent Robert Runcie'.
So, RUNCIE as a Florida school superintendent could care less about a CRUZ-----just as a ARNIE DUNCAN from Chicago could care less about a CRUZ-----just as an OBAMA could care less about a CRUZ. None of these global banking 5% players know anything about EDUCATION.
'Broward School Violence: Cruz's Massacre Is Far From Whole Story
By Paul Sperry, RealClearInvestigations
April 15, 2018'
All three spokespeople for education on the scene were graduates of HARVARD never mentioning the REAL PROBLEMS for this school or CRUZ. Just as a BLOOMBERG attending a JOHNS HOPKINS barely able to pass ordinary high school classes------so too, our US cities are being PLAGUED BY GLOBAL BANKING PLAYERS.
WE NEED MORE MILITARIZATION OF OUR PUBLIC K-12 SCHOOLS----NOW LET'S SEND IN MILITARY POLICE WITH OUR JUNIOR ROTC AND ADD CHILDREN TRAINED AS MILITARY MEDICS.
'Before jumping into the education world, Superintendent Runcie was founder of a management consulting and technology company. Upon leaving the business world, Superintendent Runcie joined Chicago Public Schools where he served in various strategic roles including Chief Information Officer, Chief Administrative Officer, Chief Area Officer Chief of Staff to the Board of Education'.
Early years and education
Duncan was raised in Hyde Park, a Chicago neighborhood encompassing the University of Chicago. He is the son of Susan Goodrich (née Morton) and Starkey Davis Duncan, Jr. His father was a psychology professor at the university and his mother runs the Sue Duncan Children's Center, an after-school program primarily serving African-American youth in the nearby Kenwood neighborhood.
Duncan attended the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools and later Harvard College
A small city in Florida saturated by Harvard/Chicago global banking 5% players caring nothing for education all tied to installing ONE WORLD ONE COMMONER CORE ONLINE SCHOOLS. Runcie was simply a technology person made a local superintendent.
Black Florida School Official Emerges As The Calming Voice Following The Parkland Shooting
Robert Runcie, the school superintendent, vows to have resources and counseling in place when students return, as well as enhanced security.
Written By Nigel Roberts
Posted February 18, 2018
Just as Lt. Gen. Russel Honore marched into New Orleans amid the chaos after Hurricane Katrina, another Black man is the voice of calm and order following the school shooting in Parkland, Florida on Wednesday—one of the deadliest school shootings in American history.
It has been widely noted that the shooting was preventable. However, various departments inside and outside the school system saw red flags about the suspect, 19-year-old Nikolas Cruz, but failed to share their information. Robert Runcie, the Broward County Public Schools superintendent, appeared Sunday on NBC’s Meet The Press and explained what needs to be done.
“We need a smarter system… where various agencies, departments, school systems, are working in an integrated, collaborative fashion to ensure we can share data, share information to enhance our level of effectiveness,” he told the host Chuck Todd. “Folks are working as hard as we can. But we’re working in silos.”
Cruz confessed to the police that he went on a shooting rampage at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School. He hid loaded gun magazines in a black duffel bag and backpack for his semiautomatic AR-15 rifle and entered the school, where he killed 17 people.
Runcie, a Jamaica native who grew up in New York, oversees the nation’s sixth largest school district, which educates more then 270,000 students in 337 schools. A Harvard graduate, Runcie was the first member of his family to attend college.
In a previous interview, Runcie raised concerns about the failure to address mental health, as reports emerged that Cruz exhibited violent outbursts and self-destructive behavior. The growing problem of mental illness “is something that is certainly going to need to be addressed within our school systems, as well as in the broader society — to ensure that these kind of tragedies do not continue,” he stated, according to the Miami Herald.
Runcie vowed to have an “enhanced law enforcement presence” at Douglas High School, as well as counseling and other resources available for students, staff and faculty. Teachers are expected to return by the end of the week, and students are tentatively scheduled to return on Feb. 26.
Just as here in Baltimore where these same 'EDUCATION POLICIES PROMISE' were installed-----parents and communities shouting against this integration of children with behavioral problems into public schools trying to create quality education for 99% of children in these communities---so too were Stoneman Douglas parents shouting against these PROMISES.
REAL left social progressives do not want these troubled behavior students like CRUZ in jail-----we have always created pathways for troubled youth in public schools not tied to incarceration. We build public schools with school employees trained for these special needs. STONEMAN DOUGLAS as Baltimore public schools are integrating these troubled students under the guise of training our ordinary classroom teachers how to manage troubled behavior while trying to teach 30-40 students.
IT IS PURE BOGUS POLICY THAT DELIBERATELY EXPOSES OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS TO VIOLENT BEHAVIOR.
All of what are now termed WRAP-AROUND-SERVICES attached to our public schools are simply global NGO non-profits funded by PAY-TO-PLAY existing only temporarily until these public schools are merged into being simply
GLOBAL CORPORATE CAMPUS ONE WORLD ONLINE PRE-K-CAREER VOCATIONAL TRACKING APPRENTICESHIP FREE CHILD LABOR SCHOOLS.
That is why our US local city schools are being filled with GLOBAL HEDGE FUND IVY LEAGUE 5% FREEMASON/GREEK PLAYERS.
There is NOTHING left social progressive with these far-right wing global banking 'education' policies. Of course global banking 1% sent in 5% NAACP PLAYERS to pretend PROMISE was tied to CIVIL RIGHTS.
Stoneman Douglas Shooter Was Assigned To Controversial Broward Discipline Program, Officials Now Say
By Jessica Bakeman • May 6, 2018
Nikolas Cruz, the confessed gunman in the Marjory Stoneman Douglas shooting, was assigned to PROMISE for vandalism in 2013, despite district officials' claims that he was never connected to the controversial disciplinary program.
Miami Herald Broward school district officials admitted Sunday that the confessed Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School gunman was assigned to a controversial disciplinary program, after the superintendent repeatedly claimed Nikolas Cruz had "no connection" to the alternative punishment designed to limit on-campus arrests.
Two sources with knowledge of Cruz’s discipline records told WLRN he was referred to the so-called PROMISE Program for a three-day stint after committing vandalism at Westglades Middle School in 2013.
When asked for a response, a spokeswoman for Superintendent Robert Runcie stated on Friday that district administrators were aggressively analyzing Cruz's records. Then Tracy Clark said on Sunday afternoon the district had "confirmed" Cruz's referral to PROMISE after he vandalized a bathroom at the middle school on Nov. 25, 2013.
However, it's unclear if Cruz ever attended the program.
Clark said he appeared at Pine Ridge Education Center in Fort Lauderdale — an alternative school facility where PROMISE is housed — for an intake interview the day after the vandalism incident.
But, she said, "It does not appear that Cruz completed the recommended three-day assignment/placement." She said she did not want to "speculate" as to why.
The Broward Sheriff's Office has also said Cruz didn't attend PROMISE.
“The school board reports that there was no PROMISE program participation,” BSO representative Jack Dale said during a recent meeting of a new state commission tasked with investigating the shooting.
The PROMISE program allows students who commit certain misdemeanors — there's an official list of 13 — at school to avoid getting involved with the criminal justice system. Instead, they attend the alternative school, where they receive counseling and other support.
PROMISE has come under scrutiny after 17 people died in the Feb. 14 shooting at Stoneman Douglas, in part because one of the injured survivors is planning a lawsuit that will argue the program led school leaders to demonstrate a lax attitude toward discipline.
Runcie and school board members remain steadfastly committed to PROMISE, which was designed to limit the “school-to-prison pipeline” at a time when more kids were getting arrested in Broward schools than any other district in the state. The administrators have worked to combat what they argue is a politically motivated attack based on “misinformation” and “fake news.”
In his defense of the program, Runcie has touted its high success rate in preventing recidivism: Nearly nine out of 10 kids who go to PROMISE don’t commit another offense at school that would send them back there.
OH, REALLY?????? WE HAVE YET TO SEE REAL DATA TIED TO NEO-LIBERAL EDUCATION POLICY SUCCESS.
He has maintained there’s no link between PROMISE and the shooting, calling it “reprehensible” that people have tried to use the tragedy to target the program.
“Let me reiterate this point,” Runcie started off during an interview in his office last month. “Nikolas Cruz, the shooter that was involved in this horrific accident at Marjory Stoneman Douglas, had no connection to the PROMISE program.”
During the same conversation, Runcie said: “I’m not going to allow a shift from what our focus needs to be to a fictitious narrative that’s being made up about a successful program that we have in Broward County that has no connection to the shooter or the situation at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.”
Clark, the spokeswoman for Runcie, said the superintendent has "correctly stated" Cruz wasn’t in PROMISE when he was in high school at Stoneman Douglas. (However, Runcie hasn't always referred specifically to Cruz's time in high school.)
Cruz’s high school discipline records, obtained by WLRN, show he got in trouble for fighting and verbal assault while at Stoneman Douglas — but those infractions didn’t meet the eligibility requirements for PROMISE. In both cases, he was suspended.
During the interview last month, Runcie said he couldn’t discuss details of Cruz’s school records because of a federal law that shields student privacy.
And he stressed that school discipline procedures are more complicated when it comes to students with disabilities. Administrators are required by federal law to consider whether a student’s misbehavior is related to his or her disability, and if it is determined that it is, they are required to provide support for the disability rather than punish the behavior.
Cruz was diagnosed with a developmental delay as a small child.
“Because there’s been so much speculation about what [Cruz] may or may not have done, or what the district should have or should not have done, we’ve asked for an independent review by experts in the field to review his entire academic record and his experience within Broward County,” Runcie said.
He added: “That report will be available to the public in June.”
The district is holding an informational forum on PROMISE at 5:30 p.m. tonight at Piper High School in Sunrise.
WHAT IS PROMISE?
In the 2011-12 school year, more students were arrested at school, on the bus or at school-sponsored events in Broward County than any other district in Florida, according to a report from the state Department of Juvenile Justice. That year, there were 1,062 school-related arrests in Broward, nearly twice the number of arrests in larger Miami-Dade, which reported 552.
Nearly 70 percent of the arrests were for misdemeanor crimes, and there were instances of kids getting handcuffed for throwing spitballs, according to a Sun Sentinel report at the time. The district found that “zero tolerance” discipline policies were disproportionately affecting children who were black or disabled. Lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender students were also more likely to be arrested than their peers
In part at the urging of civil rights groups, Runcie led an effort to reform the district’s discipline policies. Administrators partnered with a variety of entities involved with juvenile justice — including law enforcement, the state attorney’s office, Broward Circuit Court Judge Elijah Williams, the NAACP and a county-based government agency that focuses on children’s affairs. The group consulted with another judge who had seen some success dealing with similar problems in Georgia.
The committee met for a year with the stated purpose of eliminating the “school-to-prison pipeline.” The result was PROMISE — an acronym that stands for Preventing Recidivism through Opportunities, Mentoring, Interventions, Supports and Education. It launched in 2013.
“The intention behind it was very clearly to find a way to impose consequences for bad behavior that wasn't too serious and didn't pose a threat to school safety,” said Maria Schneider, assistant state attorney in charge of the Juvenile Division in Broward and a member of the committee that developed PROMISE.
She said the panel aimed to mitigate the damage that a possible criminal record could do to a young person later in life when applying for college or jobs.
“Who wants to explain what they did when they were 13 years old, you know?” she said. “We wanted to find a way to minimize the harm.”
Under the program, students who commit one of 13 eligible misdemeanors at school are eligible to spend from three to 10 days in the PROMISE program at Pine Ridge Education Center.
Some of those infractions are petty theft under $300, trespassing, vandalism, possession or sale of alcohol or marijuana, bullying, harassment, fighting or assault that doesn’t result in an injury.
Runcie has said about 1,600 to 2,000 students participate in PROMISE each year.
For the most part, school administrators try to handle the behavior concerns without involving law enforcement. But police are consulted under some circumstances; for example, when a student is caught with marijuana, cops are called to confiscate it.
“We provide intervention services,” Runcie said. “We try to get at the root cause of what’s going on.”
Those services include therapy and instruction in conflict resolution and anger management. Students who get in trouble with alcohol or drugs can get substance abuse treatment. If teachers determine participants need long-term help they coordinate mental health care with counselors from Nova Southeastern University.
The number of students committing the eligible misdemeanors has decreased steadily since the program was put in place, according to data from 2016, which was the most recent information the district would provide.
In 2013, the first year, 6,555 students committed infractions that would make them eligible for PROMISE. That’s about 3 percent of the district’s enrollment (excluding pre-kindergarten and charter schools). In 2016, that number dropped to 2,883, about 1.3 percent.
Also in 2016, the district found that 87.7 percent of students who went to PROMISE did not commit another infraction upon returning to their regular schools. About 2.5 percent of students commit three or more infractions.
“We know it’s successful,” Runcie said.
YET CRUZ NEVER ATTENDED AND NO ONE FOLLOWED UP---GUESS HE WAS A SUCCESS STORY.
Laura Kolo is a longtime Broward teacher who has worked at PROMISE since its second year and now coordinates special education services for students with disabilities there. She said most students are assigned to the program because of fighting or drug possession.
“We see a lot of kids that come to our program that are angry and they don’t know how to deal with it,” Kolo said.
Teachers there meet with the students one-and-one and also hold group sessions to try to get to the root cause of the misbehavior.
“They just want to talk,” she said. “They want to be heard.”
PUSHBACK AGAINST PROMISE
Anthony Borges, a 15-year-old Stoneman Douglas freshman, was the last survivor of the shooting to be released from the hospital. He was shot trying to shield others from bullets and is credited with saving up to 20 people.
“Anthony took five bullets from an AR-15 — two in his left leg, one in his right leg and two in his torso," said Alex Arreaza, a lawyer who is representing Borges and his family.
"At the time, he was probably weighing about 130 pounds. So it's incredible that he even survived, that he's even alive to talk about it," he said.
During a press conference on April 6, two days after Borges got home from the hospital, he and his family announced their intentions to sue several individuals and government agencies they argue were negligent in preventing the shooting — the Broward school district among them.
Arreaza read a statement on Borges’ behalf, the student’s words directed at Runcie.
“You failed us students, teachers and parents alike on so many levels,” he said. “I want to ask you today to please end your policy and agreement that you will not arrest people committing crimes in our schools.”
Borges was referring to PROMISE.
Arreaza said later that Borges doesn’t have a problem with PROMISE itself if it’s implemented as intended. But he argued that district administrators sent a message with PROMISE that students shouldn’t be arrested at all, even if they commit more serious crimes.
He didn’t cite specific examples but said he is gathering evidence to present in a lawsuit.
“If you have that atmosphere — how could you think nothing’s going to happen?” he said. “Eventually a Nikolas Cruz is going to come around.”
Runcie has said people are conflating PROMISE with the district’s full range of discipline policies, assuming administrators assign the relatively lenient punishment to students who commit felonies. He said that’s not the case, stressing students who commit serious crimes are arrested and either suspended or expelled from traditional schools.
“The narrative out there that we have lawlessness going on in our schools … is absolutely not true,” Runcie said.
"The narrative out there that we have lawlessness going on in our schools ... is absolutely not true" - Broward Schools Superintendent Robert RuncieBorges isn’t the only one who has made this argument. It has come up a lot during a series of public meetings held since the shooting, with teachers, students and parents arguing PROMISE is an example that the district isn't doing enough to punish criminal behavior.
And the program has high-profile critics on the right, some of whom have claimed there are connections between PROMISE and the Obama administration.
President Obama was supportive of Broward’s PROMISE program and encouraged other school districts to adopt similar policies in federal guidance in 2014. But the program pre-dated Obama’s focus on reforming school discipline.
Some have claimed the program was funded with federal dollars through Obama’s signature Race To The Top competitive grant program. Broward officials said the program is funded completely with the district’s own funds, not including any federal funding, but did not provide a detailed breakdown of the program’s budget or its overall annual cost upon request.
Runcie previously worked in Chicago’s public schools under Arne Duncan, who later served as Obama’s secretary of education — a relationship some have highlighted when claiming the former president was behind the PROMISE program’s creation.
Florida U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio has targeted the program.
“The more we learn, the more it appears the problem is not the program or the [Department of Education] guidance itself, but the way it is being applied,” the Republican tweeted. “It may have created a culture discourages referral to law enforcement even in egregious cases like the #Parkland shooter.”
Rubio's office declined a request for an interview.
Conservative pundits have also cast a negative spotlight on PROMISE. FOX news host Laura Ingraham called PROMISE a “perverse incentive to hide student criminality,” created in part by “Obama bureaucrats.”
On her show, “The Angle,” Ingraham said: “By turning Broward schools and those across the nation into these social justice petri dishes, [Runcie, the Broward sheriff and the Obama administration] may have facilitated a lunatic.”
Recently, Ingraham lost half of her show's advertisers after mocking Stoneman Douglas senior and gun control activist David Hogg on Twitter.
Runcie has said he won’t let politics affect the effort to reform discipline policies.
Schneider, from the state attorney’s office, said she thinks people have assailed PROMISE in the aftermath of the shooting at Stoneman Douglas because they are frustrated and want answers.
“I think that all of us want to know why. Could this have been stopped? Could it have been prevented if something had been done differently? Would we not have ended up with 17 beautiful lives lost?” she said.
PROMISE “stands out there as an easy target,” she said. “Whether it's a fair target — I haven't seen any reason to believe that it is.”
‘NO INTENT TO GET RID OF' PROMISE
While there’s been plenty of harsh words about PROMISE at public meetings since the shooting, there’s also evidence of community support.
At a school safety forum hosted by the district last month, a junior at J.P. Taravella High School in Coral Springs told the crowd that he went to PROMISE for six days after getting caught at school with a quarter ounce of marijuana.
“I attended the counseling with therapy, and every day, someone is talking to me about life choices,” the student said. “It just made me open my eyes and see the world in a whole different way. And I just want to thank the PROMISE program for giving me a second chance.”
The crowd cheered and applauded.
Another student who completed the program said it is the reason she’s now considering a career in the military or studying medicine in college.
Her name is Ashley. She didn’t want her last name to be included in this article because she doesn’t want the trouble she got into when she was younger to follow her after high school.
Ashley, now a senior at a Broward County high school, said she went to PROMISE for 10 days when she was a freshman. She didn’t want to get into too much detail about what happened.
“My freshman year, I was hanging out with the wrong group of kids. There was peer pressure involved,” she said.
“You know, you do things you don't really mean, and simple mistakes, and it just … you're lucky if you get the chance to redeem yourself and try again,” she said.
Ashley’s mom said it was scary to face the possibility that her child could have been charged criminally for “a big lapse in judgment.” She didn’t want her name included either, for fear it would reveal her daughter’s identity.
She said PROMISE helps kids realize they still have a future.
“This is not the end of whatever plans that they have,” she said. “It may just be the beginning.”
Runcie and school board members have vowed to protect PROMISE.
“There is no intent to get rid of the PROMISE program,” School Board Member Rosalind Osgood said at a meeting last month.
Board Chair Nora Rupert agreed, echoing her: “Nope.”
The second issue after the Florida school shooting was EASILY identified. CRUZ as a documented troubled behavior integrated into mainstream public schools ----wearing his ROTC t-shirt--------CRUZ was clearly identified as being troubled yet he was installed as a member of junior ROTC. A student below says CRUZ seemed normal-----all STONEMAN DOUGLAS administration KNEW CRUZ was a PROMISE student.
'Jonathan Guimaraes, 17, said he and Cruz were in JROTC together: “He was normal. He didn’t have any issues.”'
No one has to be a rocket scientist to understand troubled, violent behavior children should not be exposed to MILITARY ROTC. The point is this: CRUZ is not the exception---CRUZ is the norm. Across the US these global corporate mercenary military ROTC open to students with a complete disregard of history of these students.
We KNOW these policies of mainstreaming our special needs students many non-violent along with those special needs students identified with violent behavior problems is simply A COST REDUCTION ISSUE IN DEFUNDING PUBLIC SCHOOLS. No matter how much propaganda global banking wraps around dismantling all our broad support for 99% of WE THE PEOPLE and their needs for public education-----PROMISE was never about helping CRUZ as a troubled child.
What We Know About The Suspect In Florida’s Parkland High School Shooting
Stephen Hobbs, Paula McMahon, Anne Geggis and Scott Travis, Sun Sentinel
on February 15, 2018
Looking for a great career? Or know another veteran, service member, or military spouse who is? Get started at Hirepurpose.Adopted at birth by a loving older couple, Nikolas Cruz seemed to struggle in recent years. His dad died when he was much younger and the 19-year-old’s mom died just 3 ½ months ago, neighbors, friends and family members said.
The portrait that emerged of the suspected gunman in the mass shooting was of a troubled former student at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School who was expelled for disciplinary problems.
Cruz was arrested without any serious incident at a nearby house very shortly after the shootings, which left 17 people dead and several more injured, Sheriff Scott Israel said.
The AR-15 used in the mass shooting was legally bought by Cruz, attorney Jim Lewis told the South Florida Sun Sentinel. Cruz already owned the gun when he moved in with his friend’s family in northwest Broward around Thanksgiving, Lewis said.
“It was his gun,” Lewis said. “The family made him keep it in a locked gun cabinet in the house but he had a key.”
The family did not see him shooting the AR-15 but did see him shooting pellet guns, Lewis said.
Cruz’s mother, Lynda Cruz, died Nov. 1. She was 68.
Family member Barbara Kumbatovich, of Long Island, N.Y., said she heard media reports about the mass shooting in Florida but had no idea the suspect was the son of her recently deceased sister-in-law, Lynda.
“Oh my God,” Kumbatovich said.
Lynda and her husband, Roger, who died many years ago, adopted Nikolas and his biological brother, Zachary, after the couple moved from Long Island to Broward County.
Kumbatovich said she met the boys only once, when they were very young and attended a family funeral in New York. Lynda was a stay-at-home mom and her late husband, who died when the boys were younger, had worked in advertising.
Lynda had always wanted to have children and the couple adopted later in life, Kumbatovich said: “I think it was just something she really wanted to do.”
The boys were left in the care of a family friend after their adoptive mom died Nov. 1, she said.
“I know she had been having some issues with them, especially the older one. He was being a problem. I know he did have some issues and he may have been taking medication. [He] did have some kind of emotional or difficulties,” Kumbatovich said. “[Lynda] kept a really close handle on both boys. They were not major issues, as far as I know, just things teenagers do like not coming home on time, maybe being disrespectful.”
Another relative, who spoke on condition of anonymity over the sensitive matter, said Nikolas had been diagnosed with autism.
Lynda, who died of pneumonia, adopted Nikolas the day he was born.
Nikolas’ father died from a heart attack, the relative said, and Lynda had sought counseling for Nikolas at a young age: “She did her best getting him any help he needed.”
After their mom died, Cruz and his brother lived with a family friend in Palm Beach County but Cruz wasn’t happy. He asked a friend, who he knew from his time at Stoneman Douglas, if he could move in with the friend’s family in northwest Broward, said Jim Lewis, an attorney speaking on behalf of that family. The lawyer would not identify the family.
The family let Cruz move in around Thanksgiving, gave him his own room and urged him to attend adult education classes, Lewis said. Cruz also got a job at a local dollar store, he said.
“The family is devastated, they didn’t see this coming. They took him in and it’s a classic case of no good deed goes unpunished,” Lewis said. “He was a little quirky and he was depressed about his mom’s death, but who wouldn’t be?”
The family were fully cooperating with investigators, he said. Detectives were getting a search warrant to look for evidence in Cruz’s room late Wednesday, Lewis said.
Another home, in the Lantana area, was also being searched late Wednesday.
Janine Kartiganer, who lives two doors down from Cruz’s former home, said Cruz looked “very troubled.”
“He wore a hoodie and always had his head down,” she said. “He looked depressed.”
Emily Sucher, 16, a junior who lives in Parkland, was in her TV Production class when an administrator announced over the intercom to evacuate the building.
She had seen the suspect, Cruz, around school last year and remembers him as an “off kid” who would “smile weirdly, make weird comments.”
Sen. Bill Nelson said on MSNBC that Cruz wore a gas mask and had smoke grenades. “He set off the fire alarm so the kids would come out into the hallways and thus he had the opportunity with a crowded hallway to start picking off people.”
Trevor Hart, 16, who knew Cruz in Spanish class at Marjory Stoneman, said they ate together once in a while in the cafeteria.
“It seemed like he didn’t really like school,” Hart said.
Cruz participated in Army ROTC at the high school. Cruz had “a bunch of weapons” and talked about shooting lizards, squirrels and frogs, Hart said.
Cruz seemed “a little off,” Hart said.
Shelby and Richie Speno moved on to the street where the Cruz family lived in 2005.
Shelby Speno said she’d been warned that Nikolas had caused trouble, such as biting a child and stealing neighbors’ mail. One time, he threw eggs at Richie’s car while he was driving.
“Lynda the mom was always apologetic. She had her hands full,” Shelby said.
“They were very much on their own. The kids seem to roam around and come and go as they pleased,” Richie Speno said.
Police were called out numerous times, and Shelby said Cruz was seen shooting at a neighbor’s chickens.
“I told my husband I was so glad they moved. I’m afraid he was the kind of kid who would do something crazy,” Shelby said. “The older he gets, the worse kind of trouble he got into.”
Jonathan Guimaraes, 17, said he and Cruz were in JROTC together: “He was normal. He didn’t have any issues.”
Cruz liked to go hunting a lot but Guimaraes said he thought Cruz only used non-lethal airsoft rifles.
Cruz was wearing a wine-colored ROTC polo shirt, black pants and black boots, when he was taken into custody. He was placed on a gurney and taken away in an ambulance. At 4:47 p.m., he was wheeled in to Broward Health North hospital in Deerfield Beach.
A short time later, he was brought to Broward Sheriff’s Office headquarters in a marked agency car that was part of a short convoy.
Handcuffed and wearing what looked like a light blue hospital gown, he was led into the building by deputies.
Math teacher James Gard said Cruz, a junior at the time, was in his class last year.
“He was a pretty quiet kid,” Gard said. “He was a very well-behaved kid in my class. He was never a behavioral problem in my class.”
Malcolm and Christine Roxburgh were neighbors of the Cruz family for many years.
“It was a wonderful idea. Two older people to have two little boys to look after. They were just kind people.”
Christine said Lynda asked her daughter, who lives up north, to take the kids when her husband died, but she refused.
He used to get into trouble and harass neighbors, the Roxburghs said. The police came to Cruz’s house many times, they said
A neighbor across the street kept little pigs as pets.
“He didn’t like the pigs and didn’t like the neighbors so he sent over his dog over there to try to attack them,” Malcolm said.
Christine said one time she saw Nikolas peeking in her window.
“I said what are you doing here? He said he was looking for golf balls. I said ‘this isn’t the golf course,’” Christine said.
One time he stole a neighbor spotted Nikolas trying to steal a bike from the garage when the door was open.
Christine said when the boy didn’t want to go to school, he would bang his head against a cement wall.
When their daughter was driving to work, Nikolas “slammed his book bag into the side of her car. She got out and said don’t you ever do that again.”
“He could have killed any of us,” Christine said.
All three government agency people on the scene or accountable were tracked through HARVARD----on to CHICAGO where CHICAGO has a full-blown SCHOOL OF AMERICAS installed these few decades of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA.
Our US public military academies WEST POINT NAVAL ACADEMY et al for centuries accepted our US students who were serious about intentions of serving in one military branch or the other. University ROTC is sold as a low-income scholarship to students many of which never intend to join military-----our Junior ROTC in high schools have an even lower rate of members taking a military track.
'One representative from Chicago’s six military academies and the approximately 40 junior ROTC programs'
How does CHICAGO have 6 military academies -----40 ROTC while closing a majority of its PUBLIC K-12 SCHOOLS?
So, the Florida school shooting falls to a CIA AGENT to investigate and no one makes a connection between PROMISE-----the ROTC-----national media simply says it is our US society becoming more and more mentally depressed and violent.
AMERICA DID NOT HAVE THESE INCIDENCES IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS BECAUSE WE HAD A STRONG, FUNCTIONING PUBLIC K-12 SCHOOL SYSTEM WITH EDUCATIONAL PROFESSIONALS.
'A retired Secret Service agent has been hired to review what role school administrators and security staff played in the mass killing at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School'
The problem parents are told is the need for more and more and more and more SECURITY FEATURES inside our US PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
'Retired Secret Service agent to review administrative actions at Stoneman Douglas
Scott Travis and Megan O'Matz
South Florida Sun Sentinel' JULY 24, 2018
A retired Secret Service agent has been hired to review what role school administrators and security staff played in the mass killing at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School.
Steve Wexler will review the actions of school employees, including Principal Ty Thompson, the school’s assistant principals and security staff, during the Feb. 14 massacre that killed 17 people, school district officials say.
But the review will go further to include which procedures and circumstances may have affected the tragedy, Broward Schools Superintendent Robert Runcie said.
“It’s trying to look at everything as comprehensively as possible,” Runcie said. “It’s not targeting any specific individual. We’re looking at the entire school so we can get some lessons learned and look at what we need to change at that school and any other school.”
It’s Wexler’s second time doing a school review.
In December 2017, Wexler warned administrators the school could be vulnerable to a gunman.
Gates were unlocked, students didn’t wear identification badges, active shooting drills were inadequate and a fire alarm could send students streaming into the halls and make them easy targets, Wexler said.
Wexler had conducted a security review of the school at the request of administrators and presented his findings to four staff members, but he never heard back from anyone at the school, he said.
The Sun Sentinel reported on June 8 that Wexler had given a highly critical assessment of lax school security at Stoneman Douglas. Several days after the story was published, Stoneman Douglas Assistant Principal Winfred Porter wrote a memo for district leaders summarizing Wexler’s visit to the school.
A copy, obtained by the Sun Sentinel under Florida’s public records law, is heavily redacted. The district cited legal protections governing school security in blacking out the information.
Porter wrote that he met with Wexler on Dec. 15, 2017, to solicit feedback on campus security, “utilizing his wealth of knowledge.”
Also attending the meeting were Security Specialist Kevin Greenleaf, Assistant Principal Denise Reed and a teacher.
Wexler had staged a mock scenario of an irate parent storming campus and successfully shooting people, exposing vulnerabilities to the administrative team.
The memo states that Wexler and the school officials discussed training early and often for an attack and notes that teachers and students were taught evacuation procedures on Jan. 11 — a month before the murders.
They also discussed “real, decoy and false” fire alarms. Gunsmoke set off the fire alarm in the massacre, drawing children into the hallways. The memo lists which of Wexler’s recommendations were implemented but the information is redacted.
The school district also blacked out Porter’s explanation of which recommendations were not implemented and why.
Philip Schentrup, whose daughter Carmen was killed in the massacre, said he thinks Thompson and Greenleaf should be removed from the school while the new review takes place. Runcie said neither was a specific target of the review and said they would remain in place while the review is done.
Schentrup attended a School Board meeting Tuesday and blamed the two for flaws at the school that he said contributed to the massacre.
"Why is the school board trusting the safety and security of our students to the same people who allowed this tragedy to happen in the first place? That's the definition of insanity,” Schentrup said.
He blamed administrators for failing to act on Wexler’s recommendations. He said gates at the school were frequently left open, and he accused administrators of writing in discipline charts that killer Nikolas Cruz committed “minor behavior incidents” when he brought knives and bullets to school.
On the day of the shooting, administrators called for an evacuation, sending students outside of their classrooms, while Cruz was in the hallway firing, Schentrup said.
“Had they bothered looking at security cameras … they would have seen the massacre occurring,” Schentrup said. “Did anyone even know how to use the cameras?”
He accused Greenleaf of standing outside the building where the shooting happened and failing to call for an emergency lockdown. Thompson was not on campus at the time of the shooting.
Thompson, who has been principal since 2013, couldn’t be reached for comment despite an email and phone call.
When the shooting occurred Feb. 14, Thompson was on a plane that was still on the ground, headed on a vacation. Upon hearing the news, he immediately got off the plane and made his way to campus by about 5 p.m., a district spokeswoman said.
“As soon as he could get there, he got there,” said Lisa Maxwell, executive director of an association of Broward principals.
“Principals do everything in their power to keep their kids safe,” she said. “That is all they care about and want to do, in addition to educating them. Nobody purposefully ignores safety and security practices.”
Maxwell said they take the best advice they can from experts, such as Wexler, but have to consider other factors — such as fire codes, building codes and building maintenance — in implementing security measures.
This is the latest in a number of reviews and investigations. A state Marjory Stoneman Douglas Commission is also evaluating what went wrong on Feb. 14 and the days leading up to it.
Runcie said his original plan was to use those findings to understand what role school staff played, but as that investigation is expected to take about a year, he said he wanted to get answers more quickly.
There’s no specific deadline for Wexler, but Runcie said he wants the review finished “as fast as possible.”
So far two Stoneman Douglas security monitors, Andrew Medina and David Taylor, have lost their jobs since the shooting. Runcie chose not to renew either of them for the new school year.
Both were criticized for their perceived inaction during the shooting. Medina was the first to spot Cruz on campus, but he didn’t approach him or call for a lockdown, he told investigators. He said he instead radioed Taylor, who hid in a closet.
As CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA target low-income US communities for these PROMISE meets ROTC SCHOOL OF AMERICAS format replacing our US public schools------we have watched these few decades as not only our 99% of children black, white, and brown really needing special needs troubled behavior schools with teachers professionally trained to handle this education-----we see the other side of the coin-----where these targeted public schools with ROTC are from where selective tracking into military starts.
Here we see a CHICAGO citizen asking what has been asked for these few decades----
WHY ARE WE NOT GETTING PUBLIC SCHOOL FUNDING TO PROVIDE REAL EDUCATION TO OUR K-12 STUDENTS?
So, Chicago tracking thousands of low-income students having all kinds of life challenges through ROTC those not joining a military branch often end on the streets tied to gang membership having those military ATTITUDES.
“People who hope to demilitarize schools should learn why [the program] has been working and why it’s so seductive,” she said, highlighting the program’s leadership opportunities and its emphasis on community service.
Military programs should not be the only way to learn about civic engagement, she added.
“Where are those [nonmilitary] programs?” she said. “Where is that money?”
LATIN AMERICA SCHOOL OF AMERICAS channeled these same 99% of Latino children through these same military programs leading to DOCUMENTED AND WIDELY ACCLAIMED brutal structures for several decades. This did not happen BY ACCIDENT-----global banking 1% KNOW they are creating platforms for future violence in communities they want destabilized.
This article found under CHILD AND FAMILY -------global banking 5% freemason/Greek players say WHO CARES.
Our Baltimore 99% of citizens black, white, and brown have been shouting against these same issues----BALTIMORE CITY COUNCIL---BALTIMORE SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENT SCHOOL BOARD----says WHO CARES.
“We need more options for peace,” he said, citing Chicago’s homicide rate. “How are we teaching kids to be peaceful when we are teaching them the history of war, teaching them to fight?”
Child and Family
In Chicago schools’ Junior ROTC programs, some see a troubling trend
By Matthew Kovac | January 7, 2014[Photo by zimand/Shutterstock]
Beate Medina was returning home from walking her dogs one evening in May 2004 when she saw two Army officers standing at her door. The sight did not immediately register. Uniformed officers are a common sight at Wheeler Army Airfield in Hawaii, where her husband’s division was based, and their street was being renumbered. She thought they had the wrong house.
It was not the wrong house. Staff Sgt. Oscar Vargas-Medina, a 32-year-old construction equipment repairman with the 84th Engineer Battalion, had been killed along with another soldier when their convoy was attacked in Al Amarah, Iraq.
In the days that followed, Medina could not sleep; time as a concept ceased to exist. “It was like I was in a fog,” she said.
Born in Cali, Colombia, Vargas-Medina grew up in Chicago and attended Roberto Clemente Community Academy High School, where he was a member of the U.S. Army Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps program. When he went on to join the Army in 1992, Medina said he was likely thinking about how to provide for his first wife and their young son.
“He really was passionate about the Army, about his job,” she said. “I think for him it was a way to get out of the situation in Chicago.”
Chicago Public Schools is home to the largest junior reserve program in the country, with more than 9,000 cadets enrolled in programs at 45 of the district’s 104 high schools. For these CPS cadets, the chances of joining the ranks of Vargas-Medina and becoming a war casualty are disproportionately high, The Chicago Reporter has found. That’s because the Army, the military branch with the highest number of casualties, runs 80 percent of junior reserve programs in Chicago, according to CPS figures. Overall, the Army operates about half of the U.S. Defense Department’s junior reserve programs.
In the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, Army soldiers made up 70 percent of all U.S. military dead and wounded, according to the defense department. But they make up only about 40 percent of the department’s military personnel.
Jesus Palafox, steering committee member for the Chicago-based National Network Opposing the Militarization of Youth, said he is troubled by CPS’ prominent involvement with the junior reserve program, especially given that it ends up exposing African-American and Latino students to the branch with the highest casualties.
Ninety-three percent of Chicago junior reserve cadets are African American or Hispanic, according to March figures from the CPS’ Department of Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps. And more than 70 percent of junior reserve programs are offered in high schools located in majority-black or majority-Latino ZIP codes, a Reporter analysis of 2010 Census data shows.
Palafox’s organization opposes war and school militarization generally, but he said that it is especially objectionable that the dangers of combat fall most heavily on those with the fewest opportunities.
“Historically, it is the poor who fight the wars,” Palafox said. “There are certain groups that are targeted the most. That’s what makes it so unjust.”
* * *
The junior reserve program was established in 1916 to prepare high school students for military service, but its stated mission gradually shifted to focus on leadership development, rather than military recruitment. During the ’90s, the program underwent a dramatic expansion, and it continued in Chicago, where officials announced plans for a new military-run middle school in October.
Schools seeking a junior reserve program apply to the service branch of their choice, said retired Army Maj. Steven Green, CPS deputy director of military instruction for the Department of Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps. “It’s up to the school to determine,” he said. “Why they choose the Army, I have no idea.”
A CPS spokesman said that the junior reserve program provides schools with needed resources. “The majority of our programs are Army, yes, and also located in low-income neighborhoods because that is where students need access to adult mentorship, leadership development, and academic curriculum,” the spokesman wrote in an e-mail.
Green said the junior reserve program doesn’t recruit students, but the military offers incentives for cadets to sign up, like increased starting rank and pay for those who complete four years with the program.
Green said his department does not keep tabs on how many cadets end up in the military. But the CPS spokesman wrote that, “Only 9.4 [percent] of our students go into the military,” and among cadets who enter the military, there is not a strong correlation between the branch of their junior reserve program and the branch they enter, the spokesman wrote.
In February 2000, however, then-Army Chief of Staff Eric Shinseki–now Secretary of Veterans Affairs–testified at a House Armed Services Committee hearing that about 30 percent of Army junior reserve cadets go on to join the Army.
Palafox said he doesn’t buy that the program isn’t a recruitment tool for the military. “If you look at their own data, [some] budgets for [junior reserves] programs comes out of the [defense department] recruitment budget,” he said.
Financial benefits are not the junior reserve program’s only draw. It also allows working-class and minority youth an opportunity to dispel negative stereotypes and avoid profiling by associating themselves with one of the country’s most venerated institutions, said Gina Pérez, an associate professor of comparative American studies at Oberlin College.
“They recognize it’s one way of not being immediately suspect,” said Pérez, who studied Latino participation in Chicago’s junior reserve program during the 1990s and early 2000s. “In Chicago, it’s so pervasive. To wear a uniform really takes you out of that mechanism of surveillance.”
Far from being profiled, junior reserve cadets receive a positive response from the public, Pérez said. Some are even mistaken for military personnel and thanked for their service. For teens who are often viewed with suspicion and hostility, this ability to “command a certain amount of respect” acts as a powerful incentive to join the junior reserve program.
“Contrary to what people might want to say about people being duped, or false consciousness, they are actually pretty savvy,” Pérez said, noting that cadets enjoy the extracurricular activities and travel opportunities that the program affords them.
Palafox, for his part, contrasted the junior reserve program’s stated mission of teaching civics with the destruction wrought by the War on Terror, citing an estimate of more than 1 million civilian deaths.
“We need more options for peace,” he said, citing Chicago’s homicide rate. “How are we teaching kids to be peaceful when we are teaching them the history of war, teaching them to fight?”
The key to advancing these nonmilitary alternatives, Pérez said, is to “take things that make [the junior reserve programs] so successful and demilitarize them.”
“People who hope to demilitarize schools should learn why [the program] has been working and why it’s so seductive,” she said, highlighting the program’s leadership opportunities and its emphasis on community service.
Military programs should not be the only way to learn about civic engagement, she added.
“Where are those [nonmilitary] programs?” she said. “Where is that money?”
* * *
Nine years after her husband’s death, Medina is a licensed professional counselor, and family and marriage therapist at Fort Hood, Texas. Before she started talking to returning troops, she said, she felt like nobody could understand her pain.
“When you go through it, you’re waiting for it to be over,” she said. “And you have the feeling that people expect it to be over, although that’s not the case.”
When it comes to the anniversary of Vargas-Medina’s death, some years are harder than others.
“The first of May for me is always a date where I don’t know what’s going to happen,” she said.
Otherwise, things have been getting better, Medina said. She sees a connection to Vargas-Medina in her work counseling troops and their families.
“You want to keep his memory alive,” she said.
Below we see one of the locations of school shooting here in MD-------GREAT MILLS HIGH with a strong ROTC.
'Great Mills High NJROTC finishes the year strong
Jun 17, 2016'
As we look at this map provided by CNN-----who touts national news over and over about the need for gun control never mentioning the hyper-militarization throughout our US communities especially tied to our public K-UNIVERSITIES.
The second school shooting in MD------OXON HILL HIGH SCHOOL-------we shared an article from Chicago by a citizen shouting against this militarization pointing to selective locations for ROTC ----low-income getting ARMY ROTC vs below what is a higher income school having an AIR FORCE ROTC-----
NOW, we do not want EITHER ----this is not an issue of income ladder being WINNERS because global mercenary military private military corporations want our children----the issue is SEPARATION OF US PUBLIC CIVIL SCHOOLS AND THE MILITARY.
'Oxon Hill High School M D - 11 A F J R O T C
· October 1, 2016
Oxon Hill High School Air Force Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps
There has been, on average, 1 school shooting every week this year
By Saeed Ahmed and Christina Walker, CNN
Updated 11:05 AM ET, Fri May 25, 2018
We're 21 weeks into 2018, and there have already been 23 school shootings where someone was hurt or killed. That averages out to more than 1 shooting a week.
The parameters CNN followed in this count are:
- A shooting that involved at least one person being shot (not including the shooter)
- A shooting that occurred on school grounds
- We included grades K through college/university level
- We included gang violence, fights and domestic violence
- We included accidental discharge of a firearm as long as the first two parameters are met
Two people were injured when a gunman opened fire at Noblesville West Middle School in Noblesville, Indiana.May 18: Santa Fe, Texas
Ten people were killed in a shooting at Santa Fe High School.May 11: Palmdale, California
A 14-year-old boy went to Highland High, his former school, and began shooting a semiautomatic rifle shortly before classes were scheduled to begin, officials said. A 15-year-old boy was struck in the shoulder.April 20: Ocala, Florida
A 17-year-old student at Forest High School was shot in the ankle shortly before students were to walk out as part of a national protest against gun violence.. The suspect was a 19-year-old former student.April 12: Raytown, Missouri
A man was shot in the stomach in the parking lot of Raytown South Middle School during a track meet.April 9: Gloversville, New YorkA student shot another student with a BB gun in Gloversville Middle School.March 20: Lexington Park, Maryland
An armed student shot two others at Great Mills High School before a school resource officer fired a round at the shooter. The shooter was killed. One of the students, 16-year-old girl Jaelynn Willey, was taken off life support two days later.March 13: Seaside, California
A teacher accidentally discharged a gun during a public safety class at Seaside High School, injuring a student.March 8: Mobile, Alabama
One person was hospitalized after a shooting at an apartment building on the campus of the University of South Alabama.March 7: Birmingham, Alabama
One student was killed and another critically wounded after an accidental shooting during dismissal time at Huffman High School. Police wouldn't elaborate further.March 7: Jackson, Mississippi
A student was shot inside a dormitory at Jackson State University. His injuries were not life-threatening.March 2: Mount Pleasant, Michigan
Two people were shot to death at a dormitory on the campus of Central Michigan University. The victims were not students and police think the incident stemmed from a domestic situation.February 27: Norfolk, VirginiaA student at Norfolk State University was shot from an adjacent dorm room while he was doing homework. He was not seriously injured.February 27: Itta Bena, Mississippi
A person was shot in a rec center at Mississippi Valley State University. Police said the person was not a student and the injury was not life-threatening.February 24: Savannah, Georgia
A person was shot on the campus of Savannah State University and taken to a nearby hospital where he later died. Neither the victim nor the shooter were university students, the college said.February 14: Parkland, Florida
A 19-year-old man gunned down students and staff with a rifle at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, slaughtering at least 17 unsuspecting students and adults. The shooter, Nikolas Cruz, had been expelled from the high school over disciplinary problems, officials said.February 9: Nashville
A high school student was shot five times in the parking lot of Pearl-Cohn High School.February 5: Oxon Hill, Maryland
A high school student was shot in the parking lot of Oxon Hill High. The victim was treated and later released. Police arrested two teens and said they are acquaintances of the victim.February 1: Los Angeles
A 15-year-old boy was shot in the head and a 15-year-old girl shot in the wrist at Sal Castro Middle School in Los Angeles, officials said. Two other students were grazed by bullets. A 12-year-old girl was booked for negligent discharge of a firearm in that shooting, which was considered "unintentional," Los Angeles police said. January 31: PhiladelphiaA fight led to a shooting in the parking lot of Lincoln High School, fatally wounding a 32-year-old man.January 23: Benton, Kentucky
A 15-year-old student shot 16 people -- killing two other 15-year-olds -- at Marshall County High School, authorities said. The student faces two charges of murder and 12 counts of first degree assault.January 22: Italy, Texas
A 15-year-old student was wounded in a shooting at a high school in Italy, Texas, authorities said. The suspect, also 15, was quickly apprehended.January 20: Winston Salem, North Carolina
A Winston-Salem State University football player, Najee Ali Baker, was shot to death at a party on the campus of Wake Forest University.
We KNOW many of the worst of brutal military Latin America junta were tracked through SCHOOL OF AMERICA ---AND we KNOW those brutal military junta were the main source of drug and military weapon cache cartels-----we KNOW those drug and gun cartels were often tied to CIA/KNIGHTS OF MALTA.
When our US national FAKE NEWS media centers on our 99% WE THE PEOPLE becoming more mentally unstable------more violent-----all those BAD GUYS WITH GUNS----and we see our school shooters fresh from ROTC----having somehow attained AK-47s or another kind of assault rifle from their own communities-----this is from where these school shooters with military training go----LET'S BAN ALL GUN OWNERSHIP has nothing to do with gun violence or school shooting violence in US.
'The sentencing of the Salvadoran military officer in November for his role in trafficking weapons was a step forward. But for every prosecution, there are dozens more who get away with a crime. Without tighter controls, expect the carnage to continue'.
While mainstream US and international media PRETEND SCHOOL OF AMERICA is closing------they are silent about SCHOOL OF AMERICA simply being made a global private mercenary military chain school ---from K-university being installed in US FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES---as well as those FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES overseas------
SCHOOL OF AMERICA BROUGHT TO US BY GLOBAL 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS KNIGHTS OF MALTA TRIBE OF JUDAH----IS NOT CLOSING----IT IS GOING TO GLOBAL CORPORATE FRANCHISE KEEPING ALL THAT PAST HISTORY ALIVE.
Isn't it strange that SCHOOL OF AMERICA owned and operated by FOREIGN SOVEREIGNTY OF MALTA KNIGHTS OF MALTA has lots of Catholic religious critics------yet we hear NOTHING today inside US cities against ROTC FRANCHISES in our public K-university schools.
Our 99% US WE THE PEOPLE can identify those global banking 5% FAKE religious leaders silent about MOVING FORWARD US FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES as global MILITARY JUNTA.
The Latin American gun leak
By Robert Muggah and Steven Dudley
Jan 16, 2015
In September, a U.S. official from The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives estimated that half the weapons available on El Salvador's black market were made in the United States. (Wes Bausmith / Los Angeles Times)
During the 1980s, El Salvador was the single largest recipient of U.S. military hardware and weaponry in the Western Hemisphere. Although the Central American country's civil war ended in 1992, the guns, grenades and bullets linger, as do their murderous effects. In September, a U.S. official from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives estimated that half the weapons available on El Salvador's vibrant black market were made in the United States.
Although some arms and ammunition were undoubtedly illegally trafficked from the United States, and Latin American authorities routinely blame shadowy foreign arms dealers for running guns to Central and South America, the real source is probably much closer to home: local military and police arsenals. A good example of this can be found in the case of a Salvadoran officer who was sentenced in November for selling about 50 weapons on the black market, including four AR-15s, the commercial version of the U.S.-made M16 assault rifle. All of them were siphoned from Salvadoran army stores.
For decades, many Central and South American countries were devoted consumers of U.S. military- and civilian-issue hardware, while a handful of leftist governments were supplied Russian assault rifles and munitions. These U.S. and Russian exports continue, but now dozens of countries, led by Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Israel, Italy, Spain and Turkey export weapons to Latin America. Regional imports of all arms and ammunition skyrocketed by almost 400% between 1992 and 2012, with Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela among the leading purchasers.
Not surprisingly, these same countries — Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela — also register some of the highest homicide rates in the world. Notwithstanding variations in lethal violence between and within countries, the regional homicide rate is 28.5 per 100,000. The global average hovers around 7 per 100,000.
Latin American statistics on gun violence are breathtaking. Its residents account for just 8.5% of the world's population, but 27% of its homicides. According to one recent survey, 34 of 50 of the most violent cities in the world are in the Americas.
Firearms play an important role in shaping the lethality of everyday violence. Roughly 75% of all homicides in the region are a result of gunshot injuries. The global average is around 50%. In Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala and Honduras, the rate exceeds 90%.
As the world's largest arms exporter and importer, the United States still plays an important role in facilitating the continued supply of guns to the rest of the Americas. The closer one's border is to the United States, the greater the likely inflow of arms. Mexico, for example, has an estimated influx of more than 212,000 illegal firearms from the U.S. each year owing to straw purchases.
And there are also legacy effects of guns covertly shipped from the United States to Central America and parts of the Caribbean. During the civil wars between the 1960s and 1990s, U.S. intelligence clandestinely supplied governments and rebel factions in Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Peru and Nicaragua. There is still a sizable array of military- and police-issue weapons kicking around Central America's Northern Triangle and the so-called tri-border area in South America, some of it in the hands of drug cartels and gangs.
Much less often discussed are military- and police-issue arms and ammunition leaked from existing Latin American government stockpiles. Weapons are also routinely pilfered from the current stocks of the armed forces and police. The leakage is considerable and probably one of the key sources of weaponry sustaining criminal organizations, drug trafficking gangs, private security firms, militia and others in the region.
Complicating matters, there is only sporadic regional cooperation to control and monitor arms transfers, trafficking and leakage in Latin America. Some countries are busily expanding their market share in the defense sector. Certain Latin American governments also are pursuing self-sufficiency in arms production. Brazil is already the second-largest exporter of firearms and ammunition in the Western Hemisphere. With Russian support, Venezuela expanded its third-generation AK-47 manufacturing capabilities. Mexico is an important producer of ammunition.
Arms transfer agreements are only weakly adhered to and applied. For example, Latin American countries seldom report to the U.N. Register of Conventional Arms, a system initially conceived to build confidence and transparency in the arms trade. Meanwhile, the legally binding firearms convention of the Organization of American States only has six countries reporting.
The freshly minted Arms Trade Treaty promises a more comprehensive approach to managing weapons transfers. Although signed by most countries in the region, only 10 ratified it. More fundamentally, the treaty offers a 100% solution for just 10% of the problem. It is designed to prevent interstate transfers and diversion of weapons to governments with a poor human rights record. But by far the biggest problem is illicit trafficking and domestic diversion and leakage.
Although the region's leaders have legitimate concerns about international arms trafficking, Latin America's governments will need to confront the enemy within. At a minimum, more transparency is required in relation to the domestic manufacture and local retail of firearms and ammunition, especially revolvers and pistols, which are used in most of the killing. Greater oversight and management are needed over exports, imports and surplus stocks. This means investing in ongoing record-keeping, marking and tracing of weapons and ammunition, as advocated by the OAS.
And they can also revise domestic legislation related to firearms retail and ownership to close loopholes. They can also immediately start destroying old military and police surplus. Most of all, Latin American governments need to double down on accountability and transparency. The sentencing of the Salvadoran military officer in November for his role in trafficking weapons was a step forward. But for every prosecution, there are dozens more who get away with a crime. Without tighter controls, expect the carnage to continue.