GLOBAL GREEN CORPORATION TECHNOLOGY---GREEN REVOLUTION.
As we always say----THERE IS NO PARIS CLIMATE CHANGE ACCORD-----it is pretending technology being developed helps climate change when what is MOVING FORWARD takes climate change to its worst level. An example of this is below.
It was bad enough to watch as global banking 1% created yet another criminal STOCK MARKET-----calling it CARBON CREDITS pretending this was setting aside our remaining RAIN FORESTS to fight rising CO2 levels. Now, global corporations are having its research labs tell us that trees are more helpful in CO2 abatement if they ARE CUT DOWN and used as building material.
BARBER SURGEONS and FAKE CORPORATE ACADEMICS and science journals are publishing studies and data to prove it.
Supposedly, building with WOOD lowers CO2 emissions from manufacturing steel and metal ore used to build high-rise building and concrete and brick for homes. If we are conserving our RAIN FORESTS with CARBON CREDITS from where is all this WOOD coming?
FARMED TREES grown on degraded land---that's from where they say this WOOD REVOLUTION is coming. OH, REALLY???
WELCOME TO THE AGE OF WOOD
Skyscrapers of wood
Where does it all come from?
Skyscrapers, cars, planes, batteries and even lasers? Wood can do it all and fight climate change
DID you hear about the wooden car, with wooden wheels, a wooden chassis and a wooden engine? It wooden go. Or would it? In a few years' time, when people really are driving wooden cars, that joke will be headed for the junkyard.
"Wood could be used in cars," says materials scientist Liangbing Hu at the University of Maryland. He recently received a massive grant to build cars out of high-tech wood, and he doesn't have the road to himself. Engineers in Japan are also working on a wooden concept car due to be unveiled at the Tokyo Olympics in 2020.
But cars are just the green shoots of a growing wood revolution. In materials science labs and design studios around the world, people are working on an entire civilisation built from wood. In this future, steel, concrete, plastics and even electronics have been felled by wood. Wooden cars ply streets towered over by wooden skyscrapers with wooden windows. Wooden aeroplanes fly overhead, powered by wooden batteries. People wear wooden clothes and use mobile phones made from wood. It may sound like toy town, but it is deadly serious.
The stages of human civilisation have always been crudely measured by material progress. The Stone Age gave way to the Bronze Age and then the Iron Age. Today, we live in the hydrocarbon age, fuelled by coal, oil and gas. They supply our energy needs and make possible the materials that define our civilisation: steel, concrete and plastic.
But this has to end. To avoid trashing the planet with plastic waste and carbon dioxide, we will have to stop using hydrocarbons, and soon. The way to get there could be to create a circular economy built on sustainable materials, especially wood.
Wood has long been part of the material mix, of course, used in buildings, tools and for energy. But in the not-too-distant future, it may be the dominant material. "Everything that is made from fossil-based materials today can be made from a tree tomorrow," says Åsa Ek, chief executive of Finnish-owned materials company Cellutech.
But not wood as you know it. Sure, raw wood has many useful properties: it is strong, yet light and flexible. It is beautiful and economical. It literally grows on trees. But it also has some serious disadvantages that caused it to be overtaken by other materials. Its properties are unpredictable. It burns, cracks and rots. It is bulky and non‑transparent.
But the same can be said of other raw materials. Crude oil, iron ore and the basic ingredients for concrete are of little use as they are. To unlock their potential they have to be processed. The same is true of wood - we just have to discover how, and then build the infrastructure to do it. When we have cracked that, we will enter the Wood Age.
The first place where wood is likely to replace unsustainable materials is in buildings. It already has a long history as a construction material, but its disadvantages mean that new buildings are mostly made from steel and concrete. These are great for construction but appalling for the environment.
Steel production accounts for about 3 per cent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions and concrete about 5 per cent. That is not sustainable. According to the recent report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on keeping warming below 1.5°C, the drastic emissions cuts required mean building construction has to be carbon neutral by 2020. That almost certainly means radically cutting down on steel and concrete. Luckily, this is already starting to happen thanks to a woodbased material called cross-laminated timber (CLT), which can replace both. CLT is made by gluing sheets of wood together - usually from Norway spruce or beech trees - to create large, flat slabs. These can be stacked to make buildings like giant Jenga blocks. Unlike Jenga, there is no risk of this stuff falling down.
STEEL AND CONCRETE IN CONSTRUCTION ACCOUNT FOR 8% OF GLOBAL CARBON EMISSIONS
Skyscrapers of wood
CLT is wood turned up to 11: it is pimped up timber. "It's an engineered material, not like a plank you get from a hardware store," says Darshil Shah, an engineer at the University of Cambridge's Centre for Natural Material Innovation. Unlike raw wood, it has predictable and reliable material properties, created by layering the grain of each sheet at right angles to the previous one. That imparts a steely strength and also makes CLT long-lived and surprisingly fire-resistant.
CLT was invented in the 1990s, but is growing in popularity thanks to an ongoing race to build the world's tallest wooden skyscraper. The current leader is an 18-storey student residence in Vancouver, Canada, which was finished in 2017. This year it will be overtaken by a block in Brumunddal, Norway. And more are on the drawing board, including an 80-storey, 300-metre tower planted right in the middle of London's Barbican Centre.
Shah says the skyscrapers are raising awareness, but the real action is in mid-rise buildings. An eight-storey wooden building can be prefabricated off-site and put together in a few days. The material can be grown in sustainably managed forests and, given how many of those there are, it is as if the wood for a single apartment takes just 7 seconds to grow. And while CLT costs a bit more than steel and concrete, it makes construction quicker. Rather than spewing carbon dioxide, it locks carbon away for the lifetime of the building, typically 60 to 70 years. This carbon storage can be a small but useful brake on climate change. According to a 2017 report on greenhouse gas removal by the Royal Society and the UK Royal Academy of Engineering, switching to timber in construction could instantly wipe a billion tonnes off the world's annual carbon emissions. That is 2.3 per cent of the total - not a huge amount, but in a world where we have to do everything, immediately, it isn't to be sniffed at.
And as cities grow, the potential of CLT does too. Around 65 per cent of the urban infrastructure that will be needed in 2030 has yet to be built. If it is constructed with concrete and steel, we have little chance of keeping temperatures down. CLT does not eliminate the old materials completely, but reduces them by up to 80 per cent. "We still use concrete for foundations," say Shah. "But a wood building is about a third of the weight of a steel and concrete building. That means we require less deep foundations so it reduces the amount tremendously." Wood also improves a building's insulation, further cutting its carbon footprint.
In the not-too-distant future, wood could even be used in place of glass in windows. A few years ago, scientists at the Wallenberg Wood Science Center in Stockholm, Sweden, invented a way to extract the pigments from wood. The result was a transparent material that can be used like glass, but with better insulating properties - another small step toward a zero-carbon future.
If all this conjures up images of soaring wooden structures resembling the interior of a Scandinavian design studio, think again. The buildings are usually clad, so the wooden structure is hidden. That is a shame, says Shah. "People don't realise that they are timber. Public perception is one of the key things that needs to be addressed."
I went to have a look at 24 Murray Grove, a nine-storey block of flats in London. When it was completed in 2009, it was the tallest timber building in the world. I also dropped in on nearby Dalston Lane, which was completed last year and is the largest CLT building in the world measured by volume. From the outside, you would never know either was built from wood. Nonetheless, says Shah, for mid-rise buildings "CLT might be industry standard in five to 10 years".
Even then, there is more to be done to optimise CLT's carbon footprint. The glue, which comprises about 5 per cent of the final material, is made from petrochemicals. The wood has to be dried in kilns that are often powered by fossil fuels. The drying process consumes about 90 per cent of the energy required to make CLT, says Shah.
The answer to both may be. . . yet more wood. Wood is already used as a sustainable biofuel, and scaling up that industry plays a major role in all scenarios that keep global warming to manageable levels. It is considered to be a carbon-neutral biofuel, as long as trees are replanted.
Wood is also being developed as a source of raw materials to replace the oil-based compounds that dominate today's chemicals market. This is where wood as we know it starts to disappear, and its integral components come to the fore.
Wood is a complex mixture of organic chemicals. About 40 per cent of it is nanocellulose, bundles of long, strong fibres that are like a natural version of Kevlar, the synthetic material used in bulletproof vests. "It's a very strong fibre with excellent mechanical properties," says Lars Berglund, director of the Wallenberg Wood Science Center. A further 30 per cent is lignin, a rich mix of organic compounds not dissimilar to crude oil. The rest is a starch-like substance called hemicellulose. These three components work together to create wood's material properties, and they can all be extracted and processed into useful - and valuable - compounds.
" Wood can be turned into a transparent material that can be used like glass"
Petrochemicals are another gigantic environmental problem. According to the International Energy Agency, their production consumes about as much energy as steel and cement combined and requires a lot of materials derived from oil. Demand for these by this industry is soaring.
"We would like to replace these fossil resources with trees," says Berglund. To that end, he and his colleagues are working to create a wood refinery that, like an oil refinery, takes crude wood and processes it into valuable end products. At present, it is little more than a pilot plant made from lab equipment, but in the future it could develop into a massive - and massively sustainable - "arbo‑chemicals" industry.
Applications for the end products of this are coming fast. The most advanced are based on nanocellulose. "It's really catching on," says Berglund. "You can make all sorts of exciting materials out of it." Nanocellulose is already used as a petrochemical substitute in paints, glues, cosmetics, nappies, packaging and electronics. The car industry is exploring it as a replacement for glass fibres in bodywork. Many more uses are likely to follow. Around 5000 scientific papers are published each year on new applications for nanocellulose, says Berglund - including for clothing.
Next in the queue is lignin. "Lignin is the coming revolution," says Berglund. Today it is a waste product from wood pulp and paper processing, with most of it getting burned for energy or used as an additive in concrete. But these are a waste, says Berglund. "Lignins are valuable chemicals. There's a lot of activity in chemical companies trying to use it to replace petroleum-based products. The most exciting development is in coatings, adhesives and resins."
The laggard is hemicellulose. This starchy substance is hard to process, says Berglund, but progress is being made. The ultimate aim is to use it to replace the ultimate petrochemical product, plastic.
Nothing epitomises the petrochemical age like plastics. They are cheap, plentiful and useful, but environmentally disastrous. What is not recycled ends up in landfill, as a feedstock for waste-to-energy plants or as almost-indestructible litter. It often ends up crumbling into microplastics, particles of 5 millimetres or less, which are a hazard to the environment and possibly to human health.
Biodegradable substitutes are nothing new. For example, polylactic acid, made from starch, has been used commercially since the mid‑1980s. But the existing options aren't ideal. For example, they don't biodegrade well outside industrial composters and they consume valuable, food-grade carbohydrates.
The solution? You guessed it - more wood. Several companies in the Nordic region are working on turning forests into plastics. The European Union's upcoming ban on single-use plastics such as straws, cups and cotton buds can only accelerate the progress. "This is an enormous opportunity to replace single‑use plastics with wood," says Berglund.
One company well-placed to take advantage is Stora Enso, a former copper mining firm in Finland that traces its history back to the 13th century. In recent years, it has reinvented itself as "the renewable materials company", developing a range of wood-based alternatives to plastics. Its Durasense material, for example, is a 60/40 mixture of wood and polypropylene that can be reused up to six times. Another pioneering firm is Paptic, also from Finland, which is developing a material made from wood fibres to replace plastic bags. As yet, nobody has cracked the big one - drinks bottles - but numerous companies are reportedly working on it.
To see what the future of plastic might look like, I visited the HQ of a start-up called Sulapac in Helsinki, Finland. Its eponymous material is 88 per cent waste wood plus a proprietary binding product made from sugar cane waste. Sulapac won't reveal what the binder is, but says it allows the wood waste to be heated to 200°C and hence processed in existing plastic moulding machinery.
For the moment, Sulapac's only commercial products are jars for expensive cosmetics, but its ambitions are much bigger. "We can't yet replace single-use plastics or long-life products such as scissor handles, but everything short-term we want to replace," says co-founder Suvi Haimi. That means items like plastic cutlery, pens, combs, toothbrushes and phone cases.
Sulapac material is designed to be 100 per cent biodegradable and microplastic-free. Its ideal final resting place is an industrial composter, but if it finishes up in the environment, it degrades completely within a year. "Wherever it ends up, it is better than plastic," says Haimi. And Sulapac is beautiful, warm and smooth, like a cross between wood and ceramic. The ambitions for repurposing wood don't stop there. In Liangbing Hu's lab at the University of Maryland, scientists are working on using it as a replacement for some of the world's most advanced materials.
Earlier this year, he and his colleagues announced a development significant enough to be published in the journal Nature: a technology to transform soft wood into a material stronger and tougher than high performance steel and even the titanium alloys that are used in aerospace engineering.
" If you drop densified wood on the floor it sounds like steel"
Densified wood - they really ought to call it superwood - is made by chemically removing about half of the lignin then brutally compressing what is left at high temperature. This causes the cell structures to collapse and the nanocellulose fibres to align and bond. The resulting material is a fifth the thickness of wood, but 12 times stronger and three times more durable. It thus possesses a desirable combination of strength and toughness.
"It looks like wood though it's much lighter, and if you drop it on the floor it sounds like steel," says Hu. "It has the potential to replace steel wherever strength is needed but weight isn't." Initially that means the bodywork of vehicles and aeroplanes - Hu recently received a $3.6 million grant to develop the material as a steel substitute in cars - and perhaps ultimately moving parts.
Hu and his colleagues are also looking at the potential for wood to replace expensive, heavy materials in energy storage devices. "We've been developing a technology called the wood battery where you put battery components into the pores," he says. "One application is for cellphones and vehicles where weight is important. The other is for stationary batteries, where weight isn't that important, but you want the cost to be as low as possible. That's where wood comes in, it is very cheap."
Not to be outdone, Berglund has even made a wooden laser, using an organic dye embedded in the natural channels of transparent wood. "It's not a very good laser, but it is cheap and renewable," he says. Right now, there are no obvious applications for it - maybe it could be embedded in furniture as a design feature, he says. But it is yet another demonstration of what is possible, and how scientists are changing the perception of wood as a material.
From these tiny acorns, is it really possible to grow a mighty wood-based economy? Materials science is part of the equation. To replace the materials of the 20th century, wood will have to overcome two other obstacles. One is demand for land. Is there enough to grow all the trees we need without affecting food production or causing mass deforestation?
This is a tough question. Sustainable forestry is key to keeping a lid on global warming, but managing the competing needs of agriculture, bioenergy and forest is already a difficult balancing act. Various scenarios for how the world can develop sustainably this century produce wildly different estimates of forest cover, ranging from increases of 500 million hectares to similar decreases. And these models do not consider a massively expanded forest products industry.
Where does it all come from?
But according to Himlal Baral, a senior scientist at the Center for International Forestry Research in Bogor, Indonesia, there is plenty of land to go around. "Certainly, there is competing demand for land," he says. "On the other hand, there is a huge amount of degraded and underutilised land available globally, between 1 and 6 billion hectares." We could use such land, he says, to grow trees to make chemicals, structural materials and biofuels without competing with land needed for food or nature conservation. "Use of degraded and underutilised land for these products and services provides win-win solutions to mitigate climate change, and support rural livelihood and land restoration."
Berglund also sees little to worry about."In the Nordic countries, this is absolutely not a problem. If you look at annual growth and how much is harvested, we are not using all our sustainable forests."
Price is another real obstacle. As yet, lignin isn't competitive with petrochemicals, and nanocellulose can cost as much as $3000 per kilogram, which is about 100 times the cost of Kevlar. But Berglund says we can't afford to worry about that. "We cannot wait until the biobased materials are cost-competitive. We are in a situation with the environment where we need to switch to renewable resources now, and work out the economy along the way."
Hu is also optimistic. "I think we should gradually replace some of the old materials, and see how far wood can go." Whether this kind of optimism is enough to get the wood economy up and running, in the face of a strong market bias to petrochemicals, remains to be seen. "This material is abundant, biodegradable, renewable," says Hu. "It holds great promise. If you engineer it right, you can replace plastics, glass, metals, steel. You just need to be really open-minded."
Did you hear the one about the wooden car? Yeah, it had laser headlights.
Oregon and NORTHWEST is home of global TIMBER CORPORATIONS having had their eyes on our US mountain ranges for several decades. Most are NATIONAL PARKS-----most are RAIN FOREST------most are OLD GROWTH BIG TREES. We discussed the FIRES burning forests along west coast------especially boreal forests of Canada and Alaska making way for GLOBAL MINING CORPORATIONS to bring mountains to RUBBLE. Well, this is simply an extension of these goals. Deforestation of what has been CARBON CREDIT setting aside of FOREST LAND is now open season for mining and timber. We have had media tell us there is a shortage of available timber in US for decades. This is why US timber corporations went GLOBAL and have been cutting timber in third world nations. Now, all those NATIONAL PARKS are being PRIVATIZED.
We understand TIMBER WORKERS have always hated REAL LEFT SOCIAL PROGRESSIVE ENVIRONMENTALISTS-----they want the jobs. But CLIMATE CHANGE IS REAL ------TREES ARE NEEDED TO STOP CLIMATE CHANGE FROM BEING ITS WORST.
Farmed trees are not the same as OLD GROWTH TREES----farmed trees do not create the CO2 capture that our RAIN FORESTS AND NATIONAL PARK trees do. There will be NO MITIGATION of CO2 from BUILDING WITH WOOD that would even come near what is done naturally with existing forests.
WHY ARE GLOBAL BANKING 1% DOING THIS IF IT IS NOT 'GREEN'?
Two reasons: there is a shortage and coming depletion of METALS AND METAL ORES on EARTH. There is a shortage and coming depletion of SAND AND CLAY needed for concrete and bricks.
Global banking 1% is setting aside the remaining natural resources for building SPACE EQUIPMENT AND BUILDING PRODUCTS.
Also, we discussed the goals of 5G SMART CITIES SMART HOMES-------the goal of microwave energy from public utility structures needed to ENTER BUILDING AND HOMES. These construction materials of steel, glass, brick hinder these SMART CITY SMART HOME hard-wiring. These waves will pass through WOOD. This video shows large platform wood structures for BEAMS et al ----but the walls will be thinner and easily penetrated by energy waves.
Testing tall wood buildings
The Framework building in Portland will be one of the tallest wood buildings in the United States. Oregon State University is completing the testing on cross...
Below we see an article written in 2006 where 99% of citizens in Canada were FIGHTING AGAINST Weyerhaeuser taking their BOREAL FORESTS----this was native land but so too are global timber corporations taking NATIONAL PARKS in Canada and US as well as LATIN AMERICA.
No farmed timber here ----this is the destruction of CARBON NEUTRAL CREDIT land the cutting of which is now being sold as GREEN----CO2 abating.
Engineering a Wood Revolution
Engineered wood products are challenging concrete and steel in structural applications while proffering a lower environmental footprint.
by Brent Ehrlich BUILDING GREEN
The Richmond Olympic Oval was the site of speed-skating events during the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Games; its ceiling is made from trees killed by the mountain pine beetle and turned into engineered wood.
Photo: BC Living
Wood seems poised for a resurgence in structural applications, but is its popularity a flash in the pan or a whole new way of building?
Where available, wood was the primary building material for most residential and commercial structures in North America prior to the 1900s. It was cost-effective to transport on rivers and rail, abundant (at a cost to ecosystem health, at times), inexpensive, and easy to work with. Light-frame wood construction remains popular for homes in the U.S., but with the advancement of steel and concrete use, skyscrapers went up, and timber’s popularity went down.
In the past 20 years, engineered wood technology and production methods have improved the performance of timber products, and for commercial buildings they now offer an intriguing alternative to concrete and steel in many structural applications—while offering environmental benefits.
Weyerhaeuser profits from legal loopholeBy BRANT OLSON, GUEST COLUMNIST
Updated 10:00 pm PDT, Thursday, April 17, 2008
Twenty-eight hours by car from Toronto, the Grassy Narrows traditional territory is off the beaten track. Washington-based Weyerhaeuser Corp. has used that geographical remoteness as cover for business practices that most Americans condemn. Weyerhaeuser is the primary purchaser of wood from Grassy Narrows, where heavy logging violates the land and the human rights of its indigenous residents.
Canadian First Nations have a constitutional right to maintain their territories for traditional activities such as hunting and fishing. The provision is not merely a nicety: Many First Nations rely on these activities for food and cultural expression. Unfortunately, provincial laws that govern permitting for logging and mining companies have not kept pace with Canadian and international law, allowing companies to strip First Nations of their natural resources and force them into legal maneuverings few can afford.
As Weyerhaeuser conducts its annual shareholders meeting this week, it is important to remember that the company profits heavily from this legal loophole. Logging in Grassy Narrows, which supplies a Weyerhaeuser mill, has continued for nearly a decade since the community first sued to stop it.
Weyerhaeuser continued to buy wood from Grassy Narrows after the community established a peaceful blockade in 2002, which is still in place today. It continued to buy wood after Amnesty International issued a report last year concluding that logging in Grassy Narrows violates the community's human rights. Amnesty's report was enough to prompt Boise Inc., the other major U.S. buyer of Grassy Narrows wood, to commit to suspending its logging contract for the area unless community consent can be established.
Weyerhaeuser continues to buy wood from Grassy Narrows to build Quadrant Homes throughout the Puget Sound region even now that the Ontario provincial government has intervened, appointing a former Supreme Court justice to negotiate a solution to the community's predicament. In fact, community members report that logging has accelerated since they began negotiations. Weyerhaeuser seems intent on collecting every splinter of wood it can before its activities in Grassy Narrows are officially deemed illegal.
Nor is Weyerhaeuser's exploitation of the Grassy Narrows people the only example of its rapacious forestry. The company is appealing a court ruling requiring it to stop logging the old-growth forests that provide habitat to the endangered spotted owl. Weyerhaeuser could bring itself in line with modern consumer values without significantly jeopardizing its bottom line. Standards developed by the Forest Stewardship Council include protections for sensitive habitat and old-growth forests and strong restrictions on clearcut logging. The FSC also requires the free, prior and informed consent of indigenous communities before resources on their traditional lands can be extracted.
Clearcutting the boreal forest over the objections of First Nations is as shortsighted as it is barbaric. After all, the boreal is not just the longstanding home of Grassy Narrows and other indigenous peoples; it is also the largest terrestrial carbon storehouse on Earth -- a fact not to be overlooked in this age of global climate change. American consumers increasingly are demanding an end to such irresponsible business practices, and it's time for Weyerhaeuser to heed their call.
First, there are not 3.2 billion people in middle-class. As we stated third world middle-class is not US or Western nation MIDDLE-CLASS-----this is a FAKE STAT given by UNITED NATIONS.
'“Today we count around 3.2 billion people in the global middle class,” she said. “By 2030, this number will rise to about 5.4 billion with the major part of the growth occurring in Asia'.
Why are American west forests burning in record numbers of acreage? Because of deliberate 'forest management' during CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA having nothing to do with sustainability of our US forests. This is to what the UN is now referring as its SUSTAINABILITY policy.
'“Many of us would also think that forests are best left untouched, however is often by adding value to their products that we can best protect them, and in many cases restoration efforts can be coupled with productive forests,” she attested'.
Made in Forests
UNDP Goodwill Ambassador Michelle Yeoh sets out to discover “what sustainable fashion could look like, without compromising the beauty of our clothes.”…'
Dress the world in wood, UN says in its ‘Forests for Fashion’ initiative
16 July 2018
The fashion industry is valued upward of 2.5 trillion dollars, and employs some 75 million people globally – so it makes good sense to shift textile production from fossil fuel-based synthetic fibers to renewable, biodegradable textiles, made from wood, according to a new United Nations initiative that aims to make forests literally more fashionable.
The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)-FAO’s (Food and Agriculture Organization) “Forests for Fashion” initiative, links forest-based materials from sustainably managed forests, with the world of fashion.
“Sustainability of a society is both an individual and a collective responsibility,” said UN Development Programme (UNDP) Goodwill Ambassador Michelle Yeoh, at UN headquarters on Monday.
“The fashion industry is responsible for producing 20 per cent of global waste water and 10 per cent of the global carbon emissions – more than the emissions of all international flights and maritime shipping combined,” said the star of the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon.
In addition, the textiles industry has recently been identified as a major polluter, with estimates of around half a million tonnes of plastic microfibers ending up in the world’s oceans as polyester, nylon or acrylic are washed each year.
“Fashion is often a synonym of dangerous working conditions, unsafe processes and hazardous substances used in production,” she continued, citing the cruel abuses of modern slavery and child labour.
Although the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are an ambitious blueprint for governments, Ms. Yeoh stressed that everyone must make a conscious choice to change habits and plan for the future.
“Today we count around 3.2 billion people in the global middle class,” she said. “By 2030, this number will rise to about 5.4 billion with the major part of the growth occurring in Asia. The 2.2 billion people entering the global middle class will aspire to a similar lifestyle as we know it today – which includes a similar consumption pattern with respect to clothing.”
UN News/Matt Wells
View of designs using textiles produced from wood-based fibers at the UN agencies backed exhibit
A fashion revolution
Calling fashion “a major development challenge,” Ms. Yeoh sees clothing as “an essential element for the transition towards sustainable societies.”
While acknowledging the need for governments’ involvement in shifting the fashion industry to in the right direction, she put the main onus on individuals to start the fashion “revolution”.
“Many of us would also think that forests are best left untouched, however is often by adding value to their products that we can best protect them, and in many cases restoration efforts can be coupled with productive forests,” she attested.
Moreover, forests can create productive ecosystems, to support local and rural communities. According to the UNDP envoy, ‘forest fibers are already a reality and textile businesses are growing or buying large forest extensions.”
“New fibers are highly sustainable, their carbon and ecological footprints are low, and there are different fast-growing species suitable for different places and climates,” she indicated.
“Let’s face it,” concluded Ms. Yeoh, “changing the production and consumption patterns of the fashion industry will have a domino effect on many aspects of development and provide a visible and meaningful contribution to the achievement of the 2030 Agenda.”
If we read national FAKE NEWS media it tells us a decade or so ago there was a metal ore crisis-----now articles are saying don't worry we are finding more supplies. The truth lies between. There is a REAL shortage of metal ores and minerals coming soon and this is why global banking 1% are taking these elements and materials OUT of our infrastructure development.
The rate of manufacturing of products for SPACE----for SPACE travel---SPACE SATELLITES-----SPACE MINING AND ELEVATORS-----SPACE BUILDINGS ON MOON etc----is staggering and the prospect of actually bringing MOON or ASTEROID-mined metals back to EARTH is very distant if at all.
So, the infrastructure goal of BUILDING WITH WOOD will kill our forests----it will build with a material that is not LASTING as concrete/steel/brick was-----and 99% of WE THE PEOPLE will indeed be back in STONE AGE------modelling our life style on NEANDERTHALS.
This is one reason WOOD is suddenly SUSTAINABLE when trees are cut down.
Google this for a good graphic.
A Forecast of When We’ll Run Out of Each MetalPublished
5 years agoon
September 4, 2014By
A Forecast Of When We’ll Run Out of Each MetalHere is one interpretation of when we’ll run out of each metal or energy source. While the technicalities of some of this information can be debated, I think the general theme runs the same. There is a limited supply of these commodities – and if there are no discoveries, no price changes, and no changes in consumption, we are running out relatively soon. In my opinion, there are two caveats that are always worth considering when looking at something like this.
1. “Reserves” are an engineering number that are based on economic viability. Technically speaking, there are small concentrations of gold everywhere. It is just not usually viable to mine 0.1 g/t gold. When we will “run out” of each mineral in this chart is based on current reserves and prices. If the gold price doubles, then suddenly it is economic to mine more.
2. This chart is a reminder that something has to give. Either prices are going to have to go up, or new amazing discoveries have to be made to keep prices down. It’s basic economics, and either way it seems that there are many opportunities in the mining industry for investors and speculators on both fronts.