These same southwest states were the location of nuclear testing and fallout and of course MINING. Mining for gold, silver, ore is far different than mining for RARE EARTH MINERALS because they are extremely TOXIC. The mayors and governors of these states and city hall/state assemblies are passing laws to allow the worst of environmental damage just as PA and OH did with fracking. Citizens in these states simply decide to move out----and we are left with devastated NATIONAL PARK LAND.
Below we see our national media yet again being FAKE NEWS. We go to FOREIGN POLICY journal knowing it is far-right global Wall Street but it does allow us to know which policies are next to be PROPAGANDIZED.
Sure enough Bush/Perry as governors of Texas drove that state into environmental devastation. This article would make people think Foreign Policy does not know what OBAMA AND THE START TREATY POLICY INSTALLED. One of the earliest policy stances Obama took was rebuilding our US nuclear arsenal with NEW NUCLEAR WEAPONS. Obama essentially jump started the REAGAN NUCLEAR ARMS RACE while national media was allowed to tell US citizens START TREATY was about nuclear disarmament. START TREATY states OLD NUCLEAR WEAPONS will be destroyed---ergo 'disarmament'----to retool with NEW NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
We can be sure with far-right wing global Wall Street CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA destroying old nuclear weapons will not entail ANY ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION and yes, of course NEW NUCLEAR WEAPONS need to be tested.
Not Even Rick Perry Is Stupid Enough To Resume Testing Nuclear Weapons
Yes, America’s nuclear arsenal is old. But there’s simply no good reason to test a bomb in the 21st century.
- By Jeffrey Lewis
- January 9, 2017 FOREIGN POLICY
The new nuclear weapons when dropped in small payloads----by DRONES----will kill humans while leaving buildings and infrastructure intact. Foreign Policy knows this as their TITLE ---NO REASON FOR NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN 21ST CENTURY=====someone tells them what DEEP STATE SMART CITIES is about!
Are Nuke Tests Coming To Nevada Again? And Are They Needed?
By Photo courtesy of National Nuclear Security Administration / Nevada Site Office/Wikimedia CommonsOperation Teapot, the Met Shot, a tower burst weapons effects test April 15, 1955 at the Nevada Test Site.
May 09, 2017
Joe SchoenmannNevada since 1951 has been the site of the detonation of nuclear weapons both above and underground.
But the last test was in 1992.
John C. Hopkins is a retired nuclear physicist who ran the nuclear weapons program at Los Alamos National Laboratory. And with a new president, he’s raising questions about the potential for new nuclear tests in Nevada.
Hopkins told KNPR's State of Nevada that nuclear tests might be needed simply to tell if the nuclear weapons currently on hand still work.
“I think that it could be very difficult indefinitely to maintain the stockpile without some level of nuclear testing,” he said.
Hopkins said the weapons might be fine over the next couple of years but they're not meant to last forever.
HOPKINS DOESN'T KNOW START TREATY CALLS FOR DISMANTLING OLD NUCLEAR STOCKPILES----HE'S TALKING ABOUT TESTING THEM----Hmmmm.
However, he warned that it's been so long since nuclear tests have been done in the United States, the current crop of nuclear physicists wouldn't have the knowledge to do them right away.
“I don’t think there are enough people around who have had hands on experience with nuclear testing to field a test today.”
In addition, he added, it would take a huge sum of money to restart the testing program, because the equipment is old.
“There is a lot of work to be done and a lot of catching up to do if we were to start again,” he said, adding that reviving testing would really be more like reinventing it because the technology is older and some of the equipment isn't even around anymore.
And he would worry about the possible effect on Las Vegas, which has grown to more than two million people. The Las Vegas Strip, he also said, is now home to several high-rises which could be more affected by the tremors from an underground nuclear blast.
“Before we resume testing, there would probably be some national emergency. Some overwhelming reason to resume testing because the political uproar would be terrific otherwise,” he said.
Before Clinton/Bush/Obama the US had a strong and broad media and journalism tied to HOLDING POWER ACCOUNTABLE. Clinton started the dismantling of FAIRNESS DOCTRINE and allowed MEDIA MONOPOLY and VOILA---WE THE PEOPLE have no sources of media telling us the truth----they can say anything they want because all local media is controlled by national media monopolies with propagandists replacing journalists.
Below we see what happened during the last nuclear weapons testing in these same southwestern states. Well, THIS TIME NUCLEAR WEAPONS TESTING WON'T BE TELEVISED----and has been occurring during Obama.
Does nuclear testing release CO? WORSE.
YOU MEAN ALL THOSE FAR-RIGHT WING GLOBAL WALL STREET CLINTON/OBAMA NEO-LIBERALS SHAKING THEIR FISTS AT TRUMP KNOW ALL THIS ENVIRONMENTAL DEVASTATION IS HAPPENING WHILE THEY PRETEND TO BE LEFT SOCIAL PROGRESSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL? YES, FOR GOODNESS SAKE.
As Baltimore City Council/Maryland Assembly pols shake fists against Trump they too are passing laws breaking down all that was environmental protection because US CITIES DEEMED FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES allow no enforcement of labor and justice laws especially ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS.
Oh well this is all for the protection of WE THE PEOPLE against all those foreign sovereign citizen terrorists-----NO, WE ARE SURE these new nuclear weapons dropped by drones will be used inside US against the 99% of sovereign US citizens---that is how these weapons are designed.
Baltimore City council and Maryland Assembly has already passed the drone activity laws preparing for all of this to be used in all Foreign Economic Zones.
U.S. Nuclear Weapons Tests Come to You
TubeBy CHRISTINE HAUSERMARCH 17, 2017
The cameras shudder as blinding light flashes across the earth. Deformed white clouds balloon and mutate from the force of the nuclear test explosions.
These are some of the images captured in raw footage of bomb tests carried out by the United States between 1945 and 1962 in Nevada and the Marshall Islands. For the first time, the footage is available in an online archive after some of about 10,000 nuclear testing films were restored, scrutinized and declassified in a project by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California.
The bulk of the videos, some only seconds long and others just over seven minutes, had been stored at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. But the experts in Livermore, about 40 miles southeast of San Francisco, have been working for years to retrieve and preserve the films, which over time had begun to turn brittle or curl, and then to create digital imprints.
So far this week more than 60 of the nuclear tests films were published by the Livermore lab’s YouTube account, and more will be added. They offer an evolving glimpse of the closest that most people (one hopes) will ever get to a nuclear blast.
“It’s just unbelievable how much energy is released,” said Dr. Gregory D. Spriggs, a weapons physicist in charge of the project at Livermore, in a statement accompanying the release of the first batch of films on Tuesday.
“We hope that we would never have to use a nuclear weapon ever again,” he said. “I think that if we capture the history of this and show what the force of these weapons are and how much devastation they can wreak, then maybe people will be reluctant to use them.”
The films intersect with the history of the nuclear program. After the United States dropped atomic bombs on two cities in Japan in 1945, killing hundreds of thousands of people, it embarked on years of experimentation with its growing nuclear arsenal, conducting 210 atmospheric nuclear tests on Pacific islands and in the Nevada desert from 1946 to 1962.
Many thousands of soldiers and sailors — some estimates say as many as 400,000 — observed the explosions on the sea or in trenches a few miles from the sites.
“You feel the heat blast from it,” said Frank Farmer, who witnessed 18 atomic detonations in 1958 while stationed on a ship in the Pacific, according to a Times report last year. “It’s so bright you actually see your bones in your hands.”
After a 1963 treaty banned atmospheric tests, the United States started experimenting underground.
For each of the 210 tests conducted before the ban, multiple cameras were used. That means an estimated 10,000 films were created, Livermore’s statement said. So far, the laboratory has located about 6,000 and scanned about 4,000 of them. The 64 films published on YouTube are among the 750 that have so far been declassified, it said.
There is still much work to be done.
The mission of the Livermore facility is to ensure that the safety, security and reliability of the United States nuclear deterrent is maintained. Its work falls under the National Nuclear Security Administration, which is part of the Department of Energy.
In an interview on Thursday, Dr. Spriggs said that the aim of the work on the films was to use modern imaging technology to verify data about shock waves produced by the explosions to a degree that was not possible in the 1950s.
Questions about shock waves, such as their intensity and speed, are a matter of life and death. It indicates where the damage from a nuclear bomb would be inflicted over a certain distance. As the force travels, it leaves a wake of destruction but gets weaker and weaker until it becomes a sound wave.
The laboratory is working with archivists, film restorers, software developers and other scientists on the project.
The United States no longer does nuclear testing, relying instead on experimental data from computer models, then comparing it with the data derived from the testing period of its history. The aim is to reduce the uncertainty between the two, and then use the latest data as a benchmark for scientists.
“So everything we are asked to calculate in terms of emergency preparedness, we are being asked ‘what is going to happen if it is dropped downtown’ or whatever,” Dr. Spriggs said. “If we can’t believe our computer codes, we can’t give the government an accurate estimate of this and how many people will get hurt.” Analyzing the films will give them more confidence in the answers, he said.
In one detonation film, showing Operation Dominic-Housatonic over more than seven minutes, the fireball swells to several miles across, suspended in the sky.
“When people could realize how much energy is released and how much damage they can do, maybe they would think twice,” Dr. Spriggs said. “It is a deterrent. We maintain the stockpile hoping that we never have to use it.”
So why is national media flooding reporting on old-school nuclear testing NOW AND SAYING IT WON'T HAPPEN in 21st century? The type of nuclear weapon tied to START TREATY----the replacement arsenal ----is a nuclear bomb that WE THE PEOPLE will not see-----no massive nuclear PLUME shown in these old testing images----they are showing these pictures to say----if you don't see these plumes---there must be no nuclear testing.
As this article states and as most public policy people know----new nuclear weapons MUST BE TESTED. In fact they have been testing in southwestern states during BUSH/OBAMA only no one is being told. Yes, the same public health issues tied to nuclear testing will harm citizens in this region and they will not even know it is happening.
THE START TREATY BY OBAMA STARTED THIS NEW ROUND OF BUILDING AND TESTING NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
This article lets us know there was no arsenal inspections during CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA----Oh, wait----you mean that NUCLEAR DISASTER IN JAPAN happened for the same reason----no REAL nuclear inspection by International Nuclear Agencies during this time either? THOSE DASTARDLY GLOBAL 1% CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA.
Along with all other Federal agencies looted by CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA by fraud and misappropriation ---so too all that Federal funding that was to keep these facilities safe were simply moved to expanding global corporations overseas. Look how Texas treated its workers----this is now being super-sized by the same global Wall Street pols and players.
As more and more and more of US citizens are finding only SECURITY---MILITARY-----SURVEILLANCE JOBS----you will see our 99% being told----DON'T TALK ABOUT THIS----IT IS TOP SECRET.
New nuclear weapons needed, many experts say, pointing to aged arsenal
Nov 29, 2014 LA Times
Two decades after the U.S. began to scale back its nuclear forces in the aftermath of the Cold War, a number of military strategists, scientists and congressional leaders are calling for a new generation of hydrogen bombs.
Warheads in the nation's stockpile are an average of 27 years old, which raises serious concerns about their reliability, they say. Provocative nuclear threats by Russian President Vladimir Putin have added to the pressure to not only design new weapons but conduct underground tests for the first time since 1992.
"We should get rid of our existing warheads and develop a new warhead that we would test to detonation," said John Hamre, deputy secretary of Defense in the Clinton administration and now president of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. "We have the worst of all worlds: older weapons and large inventories that we are retaining because we are worried about their reliability."
The incoming Republican-controlled Congress could be more open to exploring new weapons.
"It seems like common sense to me if you're trying to keep an aging machine alive that's well past its design life, then you're treading on thin ice," said Rep. Mac Thornberry (R-Texas), chairman-elect of the House Armed Services Committee. "Not to mention, we're spending more and more to keep these things going."
Thornberry also offered support for renewed testing, saying, "You don't know how a car performs unless you turn the key over. Why would we accept anything less from a weapon that provides the foundation for which all our national security is based on?"
Some of the key technocrats and scientists of the Cold War say the nation has become overly confident about its nuclear deterrence. The nuclear enterprise, they say, "is rusting its way to disarmament."
"We should start from scratch," said Don Hicks, who directed the Pentagon's strategic weapons research during the Reagan administration. "We have so much enriched uranium and plutonium left from old weapons that we could use it properly for a new generation of weapons."
In the 25 years since the Cold War ended, the U.S. has significantly retreated from the brinkmanship of the arms race, reducing its stockpile from a peak of 31,000 nuclear weapons in 1967 to its current level of 4,804 weapons. Russia has cut its stockpile to about the same size.
After the Soviet Union fell in 1991, the U.S. agreed to an international moratorium on testing, though it never ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Halting underground tests was seen as a crucial step toward full nuclear disarmament because it would put a high barrier against developing new weapons.
The U.S. allowed much of its weapons complex to deteriorate, particularly production facilities, as cooperation with Russia flourished in the 1990s.
Today, the signs of decay are pervasive at the Pantex facility in Texas, where nuclear weapons are disassembled and repaired. Rat infestation has become so bad that employees are afraid to bring their lunches to work.
"They literally have to keep their lunch bags on a shelf that's head high so it won't get eaten," Thornberry said. "They find them on their computers, in the hallways. It's a continual problem."
The buildings at the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, Tenn., are so old that a concrete ceiling recently collapsed into a production area.
The Obama administration has a $60-billion plan to modernize the Energy Department complex and update weapons, including a new type of warhead that cannibalizes components from older weapons.
The device would combine an atomic trigger from one weapon with a thermonuclear assembly from another. Called the interoperable warhead, it would reduce the number of weapons designs from seven to five, on the hopes that it would save money.
The device, which has been derided as an atomic "Frankenbomb," has prompted criticism from arms control factions. Advocates of a strong U.S. nuclear posture are not big supporters, either.
"Mixing and mashing parts into configurations that have never been tested before is not a good idea, by any means," said Kingston Reif, director for disarmament and threat reduction policy at the Arms Control Assn. "It's going to cost money that we don't have for a mission that plays an increasingly limited role in U.S. national security."
Some of the nation's top nuclear weapons scientists say a better option is to design new weapons better suited to current threats.
In many ways, the growing nuclear capability of China, coupled with the addition of North Korea, Pakistan and India to the status of nuclear powers, has made deterrence strategy more complicated than during the Cold War.
John S. Foster Jr., former director of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and chief of Pentagon research during the Cold War, said the labs should design, develop and build prototype weapons that may be needed by the military in the future, including a very low-yield nuclear weapon that could be used with precision delivery systems, an electromagnetic pulse weapon that could destroy an enemy's communications systems and a penetrating weapon to destroy deeply buried targets.
"After more than two decades, the nuclear deterrent could be in worse shape than we want to believe," Foster said. "We need to demonstrate the proficiency of our weapons labs and our strategic forces."
Restarting design and production in the U.S., however, would requires billions of dollars to build new facilities, including a metallurgy plant in New Mexico for plutonium triggers and a uranium forge in Tennessee for thermonuclear assemblies.
In addition, since the mid-1990s, the National Nuclear Security Administration, the Energy Department branch that oversees the atomic arsenal, has lost some of the expertise to build weapons. Most nuclear lab scientists are older than 50, and younger scientists have no experience building a weapon.
Moving ahead with any agenda for producing new bombs will require surmounting large political, financial and technological hurdles, all of which have killed Energy Department attempts in the last two decades to design new weapons.
Norton A. Schwartz, a retired four-star general who served as Air Force chief of staff, said he sensed little support for a new round of nuclear competition. "I don't see any appetite for breaking these taboos," he said.
The political and environmental dynamics of testing — detonations 100 miles from Las Vegas so powerful that casinos would shake — are almost impossible to comprehend in today's climate.
Siegfried Hecker, a former director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory and now a professor at Stanford University, said testing could cause another problem. A resumption of U.S. testing would probably prompt other nuclear powers to resume as well, allowing them to catch up with the U.S.' huge experimental lead.
The U.S. has by far the greatest archive of test data, having conducted 1,032 nuclear tests. Russia conducted 715 and China only 45.
Hecker said the U.S. has so much experience, data and scientific capability that it could build a new generation of weapons without testing.
Advocates of a strong nuclear posture say that's an option worth pursuing because the nation's aging weapons cannot go on indefinitely.
Absent an international deal to eliminate every nation's nuclear stockpile, the U.S. will eventually need new weapons to maintain its deterrent effect, even if it renews some of the fear that gripped the world in the Cold War.
"The interesting thing about a nuclear deterrent is that enough of it has to be visible to scare the living daylights out of the enemy," said Joe Braddock, a long-time Pentagon science advisor and nuclear weapons effects expert. "But if you are not careful, you scare the living daylights out of yourself."
We know now that this Japanese nuclear disaster was as bad as it was---because our International Nuclear Agencies under CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA were not doing their jobs----it is the US and Europe who staff these international agencies and it is the national leadership making sure these inspections occur OR DON'T. We see in Japan the same conditions we see in US and TEXAS UNDER BUSH------the tidal wave would have created great damage to Japan's nuclear plants but it was failure to assure secure disaster provisions----the job of the International Nuclear agencies ---that made all of this devastating and washing nuclear waste throughout the Pacific.
WE THE PEOPLE THE US 99% ARE SILENT AS THESE CONDITIONS IN OUR US CITIES AND COUNTIES ARE GROWING AND GROWING AND GROWING.
The buildup of new nuclear weapons and dismantling of old---come with super-sized nuclear waste that will not be disposed.
TEPCO’s Fukushima inspections inadequate – Japan nuclear regulator
Published time: 23 Aug, 2013 12:00 Edited time: 23 Aug, 2013
Water tanks are seen at Tokyo Electric Power Company's (TEPCO) tsunami-crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima prefecture (Reuters/Noboru Hashimoto) / Reuters
Japan’s nuclear regulator has concluded that the Fukushima nuclear plant’s operator was inadequate in its inspection of radioactive water tanks after news of yet another leak. TEPCO earlier admitted it will now require international help.
On Friday, the Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA) Commissioner Toyoshi Fuketa visited the destroyed Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant to inspect the ongoing radioactive cleanup efforts. Fuketa’s comments follow those of the NRA chairman Shunichi Tanaka, who earlier this week worried that the makeshift giant radioactive containers were prone to failure.
"Fundamentally, for a facility holding that kind of radioactive water, they did not take action that foresaw the risks of possible leaks," Fuketa said at a press briefing in Hirono. "On top of that – and this is an impression I had before my visit – I can't help but say that the inspections were careless."
The plant operator said on Thursday that a new radiation spill has been detected near the storage tanks, which sparked fears of newer leaks before the old ones had been dealt with.
Furthermore, the company has been accused of failing to properly document inspections, leading to misspent resources and problems cropping up that should have been noticed before, according to Fuketa.
Japan has decided to raise the gravity of the latest Fukushima leak to Level Three, which is considered a “serious radiation incident” on the International Nuclear Event Scale (INES) for radiological releases. The most dangerous, Level Seven, has only been applied twice – for the Chernobyl catastrophe in 1986 and for the meltdown of three reactors at the Fukushima plant.
TEPCO has also now admitted it will be seeking international expertise to help out with the leaks.
"Many other countries outside of Japan have experienced decommissioning reactors, so we hope we can consult them more and utilize their experience,” TEPCO’s vice-president, Zengo Aizawa, said at a news conference on Wednesday night.
"In that sense we need support - not only from the Japanese government, but from the international community - to do this job."
The UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said that it was ready to help out, if needed, and that it viewed the situation “seriously,” just as China was saying it was “shocked” to hear that radioactive water leaks are still continuing. The neighbor has urged Japan to provide it with information “in a timely, thorough and accurate way.”
Almost two-and-a-half years since a lethal combination of a tsunami and an earthquake crippled the power plant and caused a multitude of subsequent problems, TEPCO is faced with its most serious problem yet. This is after the recent discovery that radioactive water has been leaking from the plant’s storage tanks into the Pacific at an alarming rate of 300 tons a day.
Numerous contingency measures have been thought of for the problems that keep cropping up continuously in different parts of Fukushima – including leaking radioactive water, as well as a danger that Reactor 4 would collapse on itself. The structure holds upwards of 1,300 nuclear fuel rods containing 14,000 times the amount of radiation that the Hiroshima bomb released.
A never-before-attempted operation is in the works. It will involve the manual removal of nuclear fuel rods from Reactor 4 by way of a manually-operated crane – not by computer. Any mistakes could lead to contamination on an unprecedented scale. All this is happening at a time when the soil beneath Reactor 4 is slowly sinking.
The tanks, which are used to keep the coolant that prevents the damaged reactors from overheating dangerously, are considered to be unsuitable because they were made for other industrial purposes. They were adapted following the emergency, but they are nearly full.
TEPCO estimates that it has already reached 85 percent capacity, although plans to create a more permanent facility have so far not materialized. The latest leak was the fifth time that toxic water escaped from a basin.
The operator has been slow in measuring the levels of radioactive elements that have flowed out of the station, as well as publishing its data. TEPCO finally revealed this month that highly unsafe tritium and cesium levels had been detected in the seawater near the plant. A concentration of these elements could damage the marine environment and build up in marine life, possibly endangering humans further up the food chain.
The catastrophe of March 11, 2011, caused the meltdown of nuclear fuel rods at three of the plant’s reactors, leading to a contamination of air and sea, as well as crippling the region’s agriculture and fishing activities, gravely damaging the economy for years to come. On top of this, costs required for the cleanup, as well as to sustain the nation’s needs and compensation payouts, are projected to be in the billions – a fact that has recently caused the Japanese government to step in and start contributing money to TEPCO’s efforts.
The Fukushima nuclear meltdown has been called the worst radioactive event since the Chernobyl nuclear disaster of 1986. And with protracted cleanup efforts expected to last decades, by multiple estimates, any misstep could lead to a cascading chain of dangerous radioactive events, fallout researcher Christina Consolo told RT. She made special reference to the upcoming operation for the manual removal of fuel rods from Reactor 4.
The START TREATY in 2010 was written to do just this----US and Russia agreed to new nuclear weapons arsenals and the testing that comes with it. Here is global Wall Street NEWSWEEK, knowing the US is doing the same thing----making it seem Russia is driving this arms race and because Russia is testing so the US has to test.
The news surrounding these new nuclear weapons and Russia is doing the same is not these great big nuclear payloads----it is what will be the CLUSTER BOMBS of nuclear weapons ---the small drone-delivered weapons dropped in small payloads on communities. Of course we now have NEW TERRORISM threats all stemming from START TREATY.
Russia's New 'Satan' Nuclear Weapons System Could Wipe Out Texas or France, But Testing is Behind Schedule
By Cristina Silva On 3/23/17 at 4:34 PM
Russia has for months been testing a giant nuclear weapons delivery system that can carry 10 heavyweight warheads—enough power to wipe out Texas or France. But the RS-28 Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile known in Russia as "Satan 2" has been delayed yet again, suggesting Moscow is having a harder time than expected updating its nuclear arsenal.
Russia began testing the Sarmat last year and had been expected to enter it into service in 2018. It was slated to be Russia's first new intercontinental ballistic missile in decades and much bigger than its U.S. counterpart, the Minuteman III, which carries three warheads.
The Russian weapon was designed to push through U.S. missile defenses. It is expected to replace the RS-36M, which was known as "Satan" by NATO in the 1970s, NBC News reported.
But it's unclear now when the intercontinental nuclear missile will join Russia's fleet. New testing might not happen until later this year, the Moscow Times reported Thursday. The cause of the setback has not been reported.
Russia's Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau declassified in October the first image of the Sarmat. It was accompanied by a short text: "In accordance with the Decree of the Russian Government 'On the State Defense Order for 2010 and the planning period 2012-2013', the Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau was instructed to start design and development work on the Sarmat. In June 2011, the Russian Ministry of Defense signed a state contract for the Sarmat's development. The prospective strategic missile system is being developed in order to create an assured and effective nuclear deterrent for Russia's strategic forces."
Russia has the world's most nuclear weapons with 7,300. The U.S. is in second place with 6,970 nuclear weapons. Only seven other nations in the world have nuclear weapons, and combined they have fewer weapons than either the U.S. or Russia. They are France, China, United Kingdom, Pakistan, India, Israel and North Korea, according to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons.
Here we have exactly that nuclear testing and indeed it is tied to what Russia is doing as well----not those big bombs----but the new nuclear bombs designed to kill humans but leave a community's infrastructure in place. While these tests are being done with planes----the goal is to weaponize DRONES.
When our local city councils and state assemblies pass laws allowing drones into our airways----media promotes this AS A BUSINESS ECONOMY----when the goals are to open US airways to militarized drone actions. All Foreign Economic Zones have this so too will US cities deemed Foreign Economic Zones----and what happens to sovereign citizens who don't like far-right wing, authoritarian, militaristic, corporate enslavement? They become those
'terrorists'. WE THE PEOPLE the 99% are well on our way to being those third world nation citizens having a military used against the people because we keep allowing CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA global Wall Street pols and players stay in office.
US successfully tests new nuclear gravity bomb
Published time: 14 Apr, 2017 18:08 Edited time: 15 Apr, 2017 18:39
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USAF F-16 testing a B61-12 gravity bomb © National Nuclear Security Administration @FrankKlotzNNSA
As the world’s attention was on the first combat use of the conventional “Mother Of All Bombs,” the US National Nuclear Security Administration announced the successful field test of the modernized gravity nuclear bomb in Nevada.The NNSA and the US Air Force completed the first qualification flight test of the B61-12 gravity nuclear bomb on March 14 at the Tonopah Test Range in Nevada, the agency announced on Thursday.
The test was intended to evaluate the weapon’s “non-nuclear functions” and the capability of the F-16 fighter to successfully deploy the bomb. An F-16 fighter from Nellis Air Force Base dropped the “non-nuclear test assembly,” the NNSA said in a statement.
“The successful test provides critical qualification data to validate that the baseline design meets military requirements,” said Brigadier General Michael Lutton, NNSA’s principal assistant deputy administrator for military application. The NNSA is part of the Department of Energy, which is charged with managing US nuclear weapons.
The B61-12 is a modernized version of the B61 gravity bomb, the mainstay of the Air Force’s nuclear arsenal and one of the legs of the so-called nuclear triad, along with the intercontinental ballistic missiles deployed from either ground-based silos or oceangoing submarines.
President Donald Trump has endorsed an ambitious – and expensive – plan to modernize the US nuclear triad, begun under his predecessor. The B61-12 is intended to consolidate and replace all the B61 variants currently in service.
Three successful development flight tests of the B61-12 were conducted in 2015. The March test was the first in a series scheduled to span the next three years, with the final design review due in September 2018 and the first production unit scheduled for completion by March 2020.
"In order to placate his critics, in the media and in politics, Trump has given a blank check to his generals. So they are having a grand time right now, and they are testing all the weapons they've been wanting to test, but not been able to," said Brian Becker, director of the anti-war ANSWER coalition, to RT.
On Thursday, the US attracted the world's attention by dropping a GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast Bomb (MOAB), also known as "Mother Of All Bombs," on Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) positions in eastern Afghanistan's Nangarhar province. It was the first combat use of the weapon, the largest conventional bomb in the US arsenal.
We are NOT NUCLEAR WEAPONS experts but we do know public policy in this regard these few decades is to produce a nuclear bomb that kills humans but leaves buildings and infrastructure in place. This requires smaller payloads----it requires a simple release---not a propelled release as we just read in last article. It also requires small aircraft able to navigate closer to targets so we know these bombs will not come via jet fighters----they will be the same weaponized drones being used by Bush/Obama overseas.
These kinds of bombs have the same toxic radioactivity able to blow to cities and counties in the region of testing just as the old-school atomic bombs. What we would see on ground are DETECTORS collecting data as to how a bomb fell----how the radiation was dispersed-----how quickly the radiation decayed---and the damage done to surrounding facilities. No one will see any signs of these tests where the old school atomic bomb was hard to hide.
THE AMOUNT OF RADIOACTIVE NUCLEAR WEAPON MANUFACTURING AND TESTING IN OUR SOUTHWEST IS SOARING.
You can bet our citizens in these same southwestern states have no idea of the amount of nuclear testing having already been done during Bush/Obama---to continue under Trump.
The gravity bomb is just the mechanism for dropping a small neutron bomb meant to kill humans but not harm infrastructure.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Energy distribution of weapon Energy type Standard % Enhanced %
Blast 50 40 to minimum 30
Thermal energy 35 25 to minimum 20
Prompt radiation 5 45 to minimum 30
Residual radiation 10 5
A neutron bomb, officially termed as a type of Enhanced Radiation Weapon (ERW), is a low yield thermonuclear weapon designed to maximize lethal neutron radiation in the immediate vicinity of the blast while minimizing the physical power of the blast itself. The neutron release generated by a nuclear fusion reaction is intentionally allowed to escape the weapon, rather than being absorbed by its other components. The neutron burst, which is used as the primary destructive action of the warhead, is able to penetrate enemy armor more effectively than a conventional warhead thus making it more lethal as a tactical weapon.
In a standard thermonuclear design, a small fission bomb is placed close to a larger mass of thermonuclear fuel. The two components are then placed within a thick radiation case, usually made from uranium, lead or steel. The case traps the energy from the fission bomb for a brief period, allowing it to heat and compress the main thermonuclear fuel. The case is normally made of depleted uranium or natural uranium metal, because the thermonuclear reactions give off massive numbers of high-energy neutrons that can cause fission reactions in the casing material. These can add considerable energy to the reaction; in a typical design as much as 50% of the total energy comes from fission events in the casing. For this reason, these weapons are technically known as fission-fusion-fission designs.
In a neutron bomb, the casing material is selected to be either transparent to neutrons, or actively enhance their production. The burst of neutrons created in the thermonuclear reaction is then free to escape the bomb, outpacing the physical explosion. By designing the thermonuclear stage of the weapon carefully, the neutron burst can be maximized while minimizing the blast itself. This makes the lethal radius of the neutron burst greater than that of the explosion itself. Since the neutrons disappear from the environment rapidly, such a burst over an enemy column would kill the crews and leave the area able to be quickly reoccupied.
Compared to a pure fission bomb with an identical explosive yield, a neutron bomb would emit about ten times the amount of neutron radiation. In a fission bomb, at sea level, the total radiation pulse energy which is composed of both gamma rays and neutrons is approximately 5% of the entire energy released; in the neutron bomb it would be closer to 40%. Furthermore, the neutrons emitted by a neutron bomb have a much higher average energy level (close to 14 MeV) than those released during a fission reaction (1–2 MeV).
Technically speaking, all low yield nuclear weapons are radiation weapons, including non-enhanced variants. Up to about 10 kilotons in yield, all nuclear weapons have prompt neutron radiation as their furthest-reaching lethal component, after which point the lethal blast and thermal effects radius begins to out-range the lethal ionizing radiation radius. Enhanced radiation weapons also fall into this same yield range and simply enhance the intensity and range of the neutron dose for a given yield.