How are we so sure that MOVING FORWARD FLIPPING OF ECONOMIC AXIS to Eastern Hemisphere allowing Western Hemisphere to die has anything to do with going way, way, way back to pre-Christian DARK AGES?
UNITED NATIONS/WORLD BANK CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY BEING SOLD AS ENVIRONMENTAL BUT IS THE OPPOSITE----CLOSES THE GATE TO 99% WE THE PEOPLE TO ACCESSING NATURAL RESOURCES----LAND-----EVEN CURRENCY/MONEY----THAT WAS SOCIETY OF STONE AGE.
Global banking 1% have depleted to the extreme all of EARTH'S metals producing products no one needed----that 99% of WE THE PEOPLE will not be able to access materials to do basic metalworking. Below we see STONE AGING ending around 2000BC...
'The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric period during which stone was widely used to make implements with an edge, a point, or a percussion surface. The period lasted roughly 3.4 million years and ended between 8700 BCE and 2000 BCE with the advent of metalworking'
Don't think our US 99% EX-PATS especially our white 99% are going to book a ride to being Eastern European----that is being reserved for those OLD WORLD GLOBAL 1% KINGS AND QUEENS-----OUR 99% WE THE PEOPLE will be playing SURVIVOR in AMERICAS or Western Europe.
What Will Happen When the Earth’s Magnetic Field Switches
Melissa - TodayIFoundOut.com
Filed to: science
The Earth's magnetic field protects life on Earth, shielding it from damaging radiation and moderating our climate. So the idea that it could completely flip around, or collapse altogether, should cause us to worry, right? Well, yes and no.
The result of electrical currents generated deep within the Earth through dynamic action, the magnetosphere is a fluid force that is constantly changing in strength and orientation.
The Center of the Earth
The very heart of our planet is a solid inner core of mostly iron that is about the size of the moon. It is so hot (9000°F to 13000°F or about 5000°C to 7200°C) that its temperature equals that of the "surface" of the sun, but it remains solid because of the combined pressure of everything above it being pulled toward it by gravity.
While global 99% of citizens worry about the ECONOMIC FLIPPING OF WORLD AXIS and how those 5% freemason/Greeks can be winners-----NOT HAPPENING 5% PLAYERS!------global banking 1% are drilling holes to EARTH's core with every intent of mining our EARTH's magnetic ore. So, when ARSTECHNICA media outlet suggests there will be no more FLIPPING OF MAGNETIC FIELD -----we start to educate as to what that will look like to 99% OF WE THE PEOPLE......
So, 'sustainable energy' 'magnetic trains' depend on going deeper and deeper into EARTH'S mantle with the goal of mining magnetic core...
RARE EARTH MINERALS WILL BE ALL METALS.
REMEMBER, all that FAKE GLOBAL GREEN CORPORATION policy is driven by planetary colonization as is the drive to MAGNETIC ORE AT EARTH'S CORE.
The Rare-Earth Crisis
Today’s electric cars and wind turbines rely on a few elements that are mined almost entirely in China. Demand for these materials may soon exceed supply. Will this be China’s next great economic advantage?
- by Katherine Bourzac
- April 19, 2011
On the eastern edge of the Mojave Desert, an hour’s drive southwest of Las Vegas in Mountain Pass, California, lies a 1.4-billion-year-old deposit of cerium, neodymium, and other metals that is the richest source of rare-earth elements in the United States. Beside hills populated by cacti, Joshua trees, and wandering tortoises is a vast waste dump of tan and white rocks that was built up over more than 50 years of production at a 50-acre open-pit mine here. The mine was once the world’s biggest producer of these metals, which are crucial to such diverse products as computer hard drives, compact fluorescent light bulbs, and the magnets used in electric vehicles’ motors. And the site still holds enough of them to mine for at least another 30 years. But in 2002 it was shut down, owing to severe environmental problems and the emergence of Chinese producers that supplied the metals at lower cost. The mine sat idle for a decade.
Mighty mine: This 50-acre mine on the eastern edge of California’s Mojave Desert was once the world’s leading supplier of rare-earth metals. Water pooled at the bottom of the mine while it lay idle after being shut down a decade ago.
With worldwide demand for the materials exploding, the site’s owner, Molycorp Minerals, restarted mining at Mountain Pass last December. It is now the Western Hemisphere’s only producer of rare-earth metals and one of just a handful outside of China, which currently produces 95 percent of the world’s supply. Last September, after China stopped exporting the materials to Japan for two months, countries around the world began scrambling to secure their own sources. But even without Chinese restrictions and with the revival of the California mine, worldwide supplies of some rare earths could soon fall short of demand. Of particular concern are neodymium and dysprosium, which are used to make magnets that help generate torque in the motors of electric and hybrid cars and convert torque into electricity in large wind turbines. In a report released last December, the U.S. Department of Energy estimated that widespread use of electric-drive vehicles and offshore wind farms could cause shortages of these metals by 2015.
What would happen then is anyone’s guess. There are no practical alternatives to these metals in many critical applications requiring strong permanent magnets—materials that retain a magnetic field without the need for a power source to induce magnetism by passing an electric current through them. Most everyday magnets, including those that hold notes on the fridge, are permanent magnets. But they aren’t very strong, while those made from rare earths are tremendously so. Alloys of neodymium with iron and boron are four to five times as strong by weight as permanent magnets made from any other material. That’s one reason rare-earth magnets are found in nearly every hybrid and electric car on the road. The motor of Toyota’s Prius, for example, uses about a kilogram of rare earths. Offshore wind turbines can require hundreds of kilograms each.
New mining activity, not only at Mountain Pass but also in Australia and elsewhere, will increase supplies—but not enough to meet demand for certain critical metals, particularly dysprosium, in the next few years. And the limited capacity of the new mining operations is not the only problem. Because rare earths make such excellent magnets, researchers have put little effort since the early 1980s into improving them or developing other materials that could do the job. Few scientists and engineers outside China work on rare-earth metals and magnet alternatives. Inventing substitutes and getting them into motors will take years, first to develop the scientific expertise and then to build a manufacturing infrastructure. The United States “lost expertise” when its mines closed and magnet manufacturing relocated to Asia to be near operating mines and less expensive labor, says George Hadjipanayis, chair of physics and astronomy at the University of Delaware. As a result, there were few incentives for researchers or companies to work on magnets. Now, he says, “there is not much funding and no industry around.”
Rebuilding: Processing equipment at Molycorp Minerals’ mine in California, pictured here in December 2010, is currently being rebuilt. The equipment shown includes machinery used to crush and dissolve rocks from the mine and extract and dry rare-earth oxides.
Rare-earth metals, despite the name, are relatively abundant in Earth’s crust. The 16 naturally occurring rare earths are usually found mixed together in deposits that often contain radioactive elements as well—and separating the metals requires costly processes that produce a stew of toxic pollutants. “We know what the [total] concentration of rare earths is in all areas of the deposit,” says Molycorp mine manager Rocky Smith, standing on one of the tiers carved into the 800-foot-deep pit and pointing out an ore-laden rock; it’s tinged mauve with bastnäsite, a mineral that contains a mixture of rare earths. But knowing where the rare earths are throughout the site and getting the individual metals out of the ore are two different things.
The first step in extracting rare-earth oxides from the surrounding rock is to crush the rocks and grind them into a fine powder. This is passed through a series of tanks, where the rare-earth elements float to the top. Unwanted minerals sink to the bottom, and this hazardous waste material, called tailings, is sent to ponds for storage. Meanwhile, the resulting concentrate of rare-earth metals is roasted in kilns and then dissolved in acid. The fraction of the resulting slush that contains rare earths, in the form of mixed metal oxides, is removed. Finally, the solvent is neutralized.
The reaction generates a lot of salt: when the Mountain Pass mine was running at full capacity in the 1990s, it produced as much as 850 gallons of salty wastewater every minute, every day of the year. This waste also contained radioactive thorium and uranium, which collected as scale inside the pipe that delivered the wastewater to evaporation ponds 11 miles away. Several times in the 1990s, cleaning operations intended to remove the built-up scale caused the pipeline to burst, spilling hundreds of thousands of gallons of hazardous waste into the desert. The state of California ordered Molycorp, which was then a unit of the oil company Unocal, to clean up the waste. In 2002, the company, already struggling to make a profit, ran out of space to store its tailings and failed to secure a permit to build a new storage facility. The mine shut down.
Rare ore: Rocks dislodged by blasts at Mountain Pass contain the rare-earth mineral bastnäsite.
Chevron bought Unocal in 2005, acquiring Molycorp and the Mountain Pass mine along with it. In 2008, a group of private investors bought the mine and formed Molycorp Minerals, which has been developing processing technologies that it says will eliminate the need for evaporation ponds and pipelines. In 2009, Molycorp began processing stockpiled bastnäsite to extract the mixed rare-earth mineral didymium. Last summer the company went public, and its stock price has soared. The U.S. rare-earth industry was reborn.
But a visit to Molycorp’s processing facility shows that the resumption of mining at Mountain Pass will not solve all the supply problems. Inside a small warehouse where the rare-earth oxides are dried and packaged, Molycorp CEO Mark Smith dips his hand into a barrel to scoop up a handful of tan-colored powder. It’s soft, like fine ash. This material is didymium oxide, a mixture of oxidized neodymium and praesodymium, elements far to the left on their row in the periodic table. The deposit at Mountain Pass, like other rare-earth deposits except a few in southern China, is richest in these lighter elements. They are fine for glass polishing and car batteries and for magnets that work at low temperatures. But to withstand the high temperatures in motors and turbines, magnets require the addition of dysprosium or terbium, which are heavy rare earths.
Another problem is that Molycorp is just beginning to rebuild the infrastructure needed to turn rare-earth ore into magnets. When mining operations left the United States, all that infrastructure followed. The purification of rare earths is now done almost exclusively in China, though Malaysia is building a new facility. And the magnet industry is now based largely in China and Japan. The Japanese company Hitachi Metals, which holds the necessary patents to make rare-earth alloys and magnets, has entered into an agreement with Molycorp to make them in the United States. Molycorp will supply the neodymium, but to make heat-tolerant magnets, the company might have to acquire the additional heavy rare earths from somewhere other than its Mountain Pass mine—and it’s hard to know where that might be.
Looking for LuckThough rare-earth purification is no longer done in the United States, it was invented here by Frank Spedding, the founder of the Ames National Laboratory in Iowa. In 1949, even before rare earths were used industrially, Spedding invented the first methods for separating them from one another; the technique grew out of his work on purifying uranium and thorium for the Manhattan Project. The Ames lab is still the only research center in the country with a significant emphasis on the materials.
The rocks are crushed and dissolved and the slush is separated to produce didymium oxide, a mixture of oxidized light rare earths that requires further processing to make the pure neodymium metal required for magnets.
Ames researcher Iver Anderson has no trouble demonstrating why rare-earth materials are so valuable in magnets. Extending his hand over his desk, palm side down, he shows that the field produced by a tiny piece of a broken neodymium magnet balanced on the back of his hand can make another neodymium magnet, the size of a penny, stick to his palm. Pairs of neodymium magnets much larger than this can break bones. Anderson then picks up a considerably heftier magnet, made of aluminum, nickel, iron, and cobalt. It barely holds onto the tip of a dangling paper clip.
Weak though this performance is, the material’s magnetic properties show some promise, so Anderson’s group is trying to improve them by tinkering with its structure, a mixture of nanoscale iron-cobalt needles separated by a matrix of nickel and aluminum. Working from theoretical studies of the material, Anderson hopes to alter processing conditions so as to make the needles longer and align them better. “How long can we make the needles?” he wonders. “What if we put a humongous magnetic field on the sample—would it change their spacing, make them grow longer?”
The chief appeal of the magnet is that it contains no rare-earth metals. Still, even the Ames researchers seem uncertain that a material like this could ever take the place of rare-earth magnets. Since neodymium magnets were introduced in 1983, nothing has been developed that comes close to matching them. But, says Anderson, “you can get lucky.”
Today, Molycorp ships bags of didymium oxide to customers in Japan and elsewhere for processing.
The researchers are also working on ways to manufacture rare-earth magnets more efficiently. Currently, the magnetic materials are heated and compressed to form large, dense blocks that must then be cut to the desired shape. This process leaves behind piles of oxidized metal shavings called swarf, which is often contaminated with lubricants for the cutting blades. The impure swarf can’t be integrated into new magnets, but finding a way to use it—or formulating the magnet materials in such a way that they can be molded rather than cut—would stretch the valuable elements further. “People are looking at 55-gallon drums full of this grinding waste, which looks like grayish-brown mud, wondering how to reclaim the rare earths out of all that swarf,” says Anderson.
If the supply of rare earths falls short of demand in the coming years and no substitutes that approach their performance are found, makers of hybrid and electric cars will probably try to develop new motor designs that rely on induced rather than permanent magnetism, says Eric Rask, a researcher at Argonne National Laboratory. Before joining Argonne two years ago, Rask worked on the power-train system for General Motors’ electric Volt, which uses a rare-earth permanent magnet. But, he says, “the reason permanent-magnet motors are used is that their efficiency is almost always higher in the range where you use it a lot—typically you can get more torque for a given supply of current.”
Few experts express optimism that there will be enough rare-earth materials to sustain significant growth of clean energy technologies like electric cars and wind power, which need every possible cost and efficiency advantage to compete. “The writing is already on the wall,” says Patrick Taylor, director of the Kroll Institute for Extractive Metallurgy at the Colorado School of Mines. “You want to develop this big new energy economy, but there’s a limited supply and an ever-increasing demand.” Asked how China gained its edge over the rest of the world, Taylor points out that most of the necessary expertise and industry began moving to that country nearly two decades ago. Back then, he adds, no one was even paying attention.
If you were daring enough to listen to an hour of UMBERTO ECO discussing his book BAUDOLINO you would hear ECO----on stage at HARVARD BOOK with podium labelled EDUCATION FORUM ----telling TALES and hiding facts. The discussion he shares as the questions asked from the audience were as painful to listen to as our US rigged elections filled with global banking TALKING POINTS and no ability to ask or provide GORILLA-IN-THE-ROOM public policy for 99% of WE THE PEOPLE.
If we look at this great economic history map we see what EASTERN TRADE ROUTES before Western Hemisphere development looks like-----we see Rome founded and sitting idle for centuries 500BC----500AD-----while that OLD WORLD GLOBAL 1% EASTERN TRADE ROUTE from Greece to near---EAST to far-East existed for thousands of years.
BAUDOLINO centers on CONSTANTINOPLE ---the movement of MARCO POLO as that VENICE PLAYER WORKING FOR KINGS AND QUEENS---we hear BAUDOLINO created his own language-----and he always tells LIES.
WHO WAS PRESTER JOHN for whom BAUDOLINO searched? MYTH-MAKING will hint at ST ANDREW moving to bring EASTERN ORTHODOX CATHOLICISM to Russians -------here we have Russia being populated from NORDIC VIKINGS----and Russia being populated by Arabic both building EASTERN HEMISPHERE TRADE ROUTES.
2000 Years of History (1000 BC - 1000 AD)
2000 year animation shows empires growing and countries changing. History of Europe, Africa, and Asia from the earliest…
Umberto Eco is a linguist---during his HARVARD book discussion he made central how our romantic languages have differing interpretations of same words making it hard for a translator to capture meaning-----ONE WORLD ONE LANGUAGE BAUDOLINO kills all Western languages-----including Russian/Indo-European/Slavic/Ango-Saxon.
An adventurer who boasts of his proficiency as a liar unburdens his colorful history to a skeptical Greek historian during the siege of Constantinople in a.d. 1204: in this erudite and intermittently sluggish fourth novel from the philosopher-semiotician author (Foucault’s Pendulum, 1989, etc.).
The eponymous Baudolino, a resourceful cross between Voltaire’s Candide and Thomas Berger’s “Little Big Man,” is a lively enough narrator who regales his exhausted hearer (one Niketas Choniates) with the story of Baudolino’s agreeably misspent youth, his accidental meeting with warlord emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and the remarkable events that ensue when Frederick effectively adopts the clever stripling (possessed of “the gift of tongues”) and sends him to study in Paris. Bonding with several fellow students (including a moony would-be “Poet,” a love-starved half-Moor, and a pragmatic rabbinical scholar), Baudolino thereafter undertakes to compose a history of his benefactor’s exploits, helps defend a defiant city created to withstand Frederick’s anticipated sacking of it, and conceives a plan to locate the legendary Holy “Grasal” (a.k.a. “Grail”) and make it an offering from Barbarossa to the even more legendary Prester John, the fabulously wealthy Christian King of the Orient whose “sovereignty extended over the Three Indias . . . reach . . . [ing] the most remote deserts, as far as the tower of Babel.” None of this is nearly as much fun as it sounds, particularly since action is kept to a minimum while Eco permits his characters to engage in lengthy philosophical conversations—the least defensible being Baudolino’s Platonic dissection of the phenomenon of love with the beautiful half-woman, half-unicorn (Hypatia) who steals his heart. The wily cupiditous monk Zosimos, whose “necromancy” complicates our hero’s efforts, has a few good moments, and there are such incidental pleasures as the glimpse of Paradise reported by Baudolino’s dying father Gagliaudo (“It’s just like our stable, only all cleaned up”).
A little learning, reputedly a dangerous thing, can be lethal when allowed to overpower a story as relentlessly as it does in Baudolino.
ECO in his HARVARD book discussion never mentions any of the details of his plot insisting these stories just flow from creative invention when of course all our global banking 1% freemason STARS are paid to create societal FADS. The story creates doubt as to the sacking of CONSTANTINOPLE---it creates doubt as to the escape of those 5% FAKE religious leaders====and it sends him on a MARCO POLO quest to find ST ANDREW in Russia home of Russian Eastern Orthodoxy.
When 99% WE THE PEOPLE educate on public policy we must educate broadly accessing all arts and humanities for clues as to what global banking 1% and OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS have as goals. Can we STOP MOVING FORWARD? OF COURSE---that is why global banking 1% spend so much time, money, energy creating SECRET SOCIETIES to hide REAL INFORMATION.
The other sources of REAL information for global banking public policy can be found in what names A POPE TAKES----a KING names his children-----Queen Elizabeth named her sons CHARLES and ANDREW.......Charles was the BRITISH EMPIRE BUILDING KING driving the GLOBAL LABOR POOL SLAVE TRADE-----and Andrew was that connection to EASTERN EUROPE/RUSSIAN CATHOLIC ORTHODOXY. So, we knew much of last century what global banking 1% were MOVING FORWARD.
TO STOP MOVING FORWARD WE DO NOT ALLOW OUR US CITIES DEEMED FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES TO BE CONTROLLED BY GLOBAL BANKING-----EASY PEASY BUILD LOCAL, DOMESTIC, SMALL BUSINESS ECONOMIES.
ECO details in his book discussion the difficulty of translating between languages-----don't worry GLOBAL GOOGLE has an APP for that ONE WORLD ONE LANGUAGE ----DIGITAL ZERO, DIGITAL ONE, DIGITAL TWO.
by Umberto Eco
Harcourt, 2002 , ISBN 0-15-100690-3
A book review by Elisabeth Carey
Is this a fantasy? It's hard to say with any certainty. Undoubtedly we see many fantastic and magical things as Baudolino recounts his journeys, but Baudolino's a liar.
We meet Baudolino in 1204, as Constantinople is being sacked and burned by the Fourth Crusade. He rescues a high-ranking court official and historian, Niketas Choniates--a real person who did survive the sack of the city and subsequently wrote a history of Byzantium including the story of the sack. He then asks Niketas to listen to his own story, so that he can work out the meaning of it--if any.
Calling this an unreliable narrative is a gross understatement. Baudolino himself says that he habitually confuses what he wants to see with what he does see, and has often told colorful tales rather than the boring truth. An additional layer of unreliability is added by the fact that he's telling this tale entirely from memory, the journal he had kept for years having been lost in the course of his journeys. So this is a tale told from unreliable memory, most of it years after the fact, of an habitual liar.
As a young boy in twelfth-century Italy, Baudolino sets out on the road to fortune and adventure by telling a passing foreign knight that St. Baudolino has appeared to him and told him that Frederick Barbarossa would conquer Terdona (with which he was then at war.) Since the passing knight is Frederick Barbarossa, this prediction naturally goes down very well. In short order, Baudolino has thoroughly charme d the emperor, and is adopted as his son. He is raised in Frederick's court, and eventually, having no taste for war, is sent to Paris to study and returns to be a ministerial of the imperial court. There are elements of secret history to the story, as Baudolino becomes responsible for the founding of the city of Alessandria and the canonization of Charlemagne, amongst other things. In alternating sections, we get the story of Baudolino's rescue of Niketas and his family and their escape from Constantinople, and Baudolino's lifetime of colorful adventures, including his lifelong fascination with the fabled kingdom of Prester John. After Frederick's death, this fascination leads to Baudolino and a group of good friends and more dubious allies setting out for the distant east, following one expedition member's memories of a map claiming to show the way. In the course of their journey, they meet most of the creatures out of the more fantastic mediaeval bestiaries, including unicorns, but also skiapods ponces, and blemmyae, and encounter other wonders.
One of those "other wonders" is a raging river of stone, cutting off the route to Prester John's kingdom. Baudolino's Jewish companion, Rabbi Solomon, had told them of this wonder and its features that make it an unc rossable obstacle: the river flows with a powerful current for six days, and stops completely on the Sabbath. Jews, of course, cannot cross it on the Sabbath. Gentiles could, but when the stones stop, an impassable barrier of flames springs up on both riverbanks. They reach river, look in vain for a way to cross it at or above its source, and eventually give up, travelling downriver again to wait for its Sabbath stoppage. When this happens on schedule, they wait for the flames--and nothing happens:
"So you see you mustn't always believe what they tell you," Baudolino concluded. "We live in a world where people invent the most incredible stories. Solomon, this is a tale you Jews put into circulation to prevent Christians from coming to these parts."
Well, Baudolino--and Eco--certainly ought to know, at least about people inventing incredible stories.
This is a beautifully written book, a delight to read, and there's no need to wonder, as with Isabel Allende's City of the Beasts, whether Eco was well served by his translator.
One thing we KNOW about global banking 1% and their use of our FREEMASON STARS----in this case LITERARY STARS----they hide information in these FADS but they NEVER TELL THE TRUTH. ECO et al of national media are selling the history of OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE KINGS AND QUEENS-----when we had science telling us the EARTH IS FLAT----the FLIPPING OF ECONOMIC AXIS was the sacking of CONSTANTINOPLE TURKEY------and the myth-making surrounding PRESTER JOHN------ruling a lost kingdom in the EAST.
In Our Time
In the Middle Ages, Prester John was seen as the great hope for Crusaders struggling to hold on to, then regain, Jerusalem. He was thought to rule a lost Christian kingdom somewhere in the East and was ready to attack Muslim opponents with his enormous armies. There was apparent proof of Prester John's existence, in letters purportedly from him and in stories from travelers who claimed they had met, if not him, then people who had news of him. Most pointed to a home in the earthly paradise in the Indies, outside Eden, with fantastical animals and unimaginable riches. Later, Portuguese explorers thought they had found him in Ethiopia, despite the mystified denials of people there. Melvyn Bragg asks why the legend was so strongly believed for so long, and what facts helped sustain the myths.
When we discuss the FLIPPING from Western to Eastern taking our Western KINGS AND QUEENS to global banking ECO-DOMES in SIBERIA ----all OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS for thousands of years have INTER-MARRIED----they are all related to one another. UK QUEEN ELIZABETH with her PRINCES today could care less if UK is dissolved and they are pushed to KIEVAN EMPIRE.
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Portrait by Philip de László, 1913
Born2 February 1882
O.S.: 20 January 1882
Died3 December 1944 (aged 62)
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Ανδρέας; 2 February 1882 (N.S.) – 3 December 1944) of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was the seventh child and fourth son of King George I of Greece and Olga Constantinovna of Russia. He was a grandson of Christian IX of Denmark and father of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
He began military training at an early age, and was commissioned as an officer in the Greek army. His command positions were substantive appointments rather than honorary, and he saw service in the Balkan Wars. In 1913, his father was assassinated and Andrew's elder brother, Constantine, became king. Dissatisfaction with his brother's neutrality policy during World War I led to his brother's abdication and most of the royal family, including Andrew, was exiled. On their return a few years later, Andrew saw service in the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), but the war went badly for Greece, and Andrew was blamed, in part, for the loss of Greek territory. He was exiled for a second time in 1922, and spent most of the rest of his life in France.
But here is the LYING, CHEATING, STEALING as our BAUDOLINO always telling lies-------as much as global banking 1% and their media pretend we are going back to MEDIEVAL DARK AGES----waxing romantic over 1000AD as we have here in BALTIMORE.......that is NOT what is MOVING FORWARD. Global banking is taking us back to STONE AGE-------2000BC-----500BC------these 'AGES' are defined by industry/tools/economic transactions------so drop the CAVE MAN image of FLINTSTONES----and think what global 99% of WE THE PEOPLE will look like trying to build societies with what was available in STONE AGE.
We were as HOMO-SAPIENS CLOSER TO THE 'PLANET OF THE APES' back in STONE AGES.
FLINTSTONES MEETS THE JETSONS.
Please glance through to see what global banking 1% think of STONE AGE.
Top 10 Rare Facts About Stone Age People
Jana Louise Smit January 30, 2018
Citizens of the Stone Age do not often get their due. Popular misconceptions paint them as cave dwellers who invented nothing but the club. The Stone Age holds an enormous slice of human history, starting roughly 3.3 million years ago until around 3300 BC.
Discoveries from this massive era revealed more about extinct human ancestors. Cavemen ran industries, engaged in warfare, and developed unusual social networks. They also had unexpected modern behaviors, inventions, and dangers.
10 Homo Erectus Tool Factory
Photo credit: The GuardianNortheast of Tel Aviv in Israel, excavations struck stone. More precisely, hundreds of ancient stone tools. Discovered in 2017 at a depth of 5 meters (16 ft), the artifacts had been made by extinct human hands. Created around half a million years ago, the dense cache revealed several things about their creators, an early human known as Homo erectus.
It is believed that they saw the area as some sort of Stone Age paradise, prompting seasonal visits. There was a stream, plants, and plentiful game—all necessary to keep the family watered and fed.
The pristine site’s best find was a lithic industry. The stonemasons knapped flint into pear-shaped hand axes, likely used for digging for food and butchering animals. The discovery was unexpected, both for its well-preserved state and quantity. This makes the ancient camp a valuable lens to learn more about the lifestyle of Homo erectus.
9 They Made The First Wine
Photo credit: cbc.caNear the end of the Stone Age in the modern Republic of Georgia, villages whipped up the first wine. Archaeologists purposely set out to make the discovery, but it took them over a year. Finally, in 2016 and 2017, they picked up ceramic shards from 5400–5000 BC and changed wine history.
From the villages of Gadachrili Gora and Shulaveris Gora came six jars that tested positive for tartaric acid. This chemical is always a solid indicator of wine residue. In this region, no fruit except grapes yields a strong tartaric signature. Scientists also found that the grape juice would have naturally fermented in Georgia’s warm climate.
Interested to see whether the villagers preferred a red or white wine, researchers analyzed the color of the residues. They were yellowish, which suggested that the huge volumes produced by the ancient Georgians were white.
The industrious output is a sign that the villagers had already tamed the vine thousands of years earlier. The Republic cultivates 540 different kinds of domestic grapes today. To allow for such variety, domestication must have occurred 8,000 years ago.
8 A Modern Dental Procedure
Photo credit: Smithsonian MagazineIn the mountains of northern Tuscany, a dentist welcomed patients between 13,000–12,740 years ago. Six such individuals were found in an area called Riparo Fredian.
Two teeth, both incisors, showed a dental procedure that any modern dentist would recognize—a filled cavity. It is hard to say if a painkiller was used, but marks on the enamel were caused by a pointed tool. Most likely made of stone, it widened the cavity by scraping out decayed tooth matter.
The next bit was both familiar and mysterious. The practitioner prepared a filling of bitumen mixed with plant fibers and hair. Bitumen is a natural tar and used to waterproof things like baskets and ceramics. Seen for the first time as an ancient filling, it was smeared against the inside walls of the gap.
Nobody can sufficiently explain why hair and fibers became dental ingredients. The Italian incisors remain the only two examples of this procedure, but it was likely used by more people than just the Riparo Fredian dentist.
7 Long-Term House Maintenance
Photo credit: sciencenordic.comMost kids are taught that Stone Age families only lived in caves. However, they also built earthen houses. Recently, 150 Stone Age camps were studied in Norway. Stone rings revealed that the earliest housing was tents, probably made of animal skins and secured by the rings.
In Norway’s Mesolithic era, which began around 9500 BC, people started building pit homes. This change came when the last fingers of the Ice Age lost its grip on the land. Afterward, a permanent location’s game and vegetation could support a community instead of people having to follow the migrations of the animals they hunted.
Pit houses were named for their sunken floors. Some were big enough—around 40 square meters (430 ft2)—to suggest that several families lived together.
The most incredible thing was the consistent effort to preserve the structures. Some were abandoned for 50 years before new owners kept up the maintenance. Remarkably, this left behind homes that had been lived in, on and off, for over a millennium.
6 They Avoided Inbreeding
Photo credit: sciencenews.orgWhat saved humans as a species could have been an early awareness of inbreeding. In 2017, scientists found the first signs of this understanding in the bones of Stone Age humans. At Sungir, east of Moscow, four skeletons belonged to a group who died 34,000 years ago. Genetic analysis revealed that they behaved like modern communities of hunter-gatherers when it came to choosing mates. They figured out that having offspring with close family, like siblings, was trouble.
Those at Sungir showed limited family connections. If they mated at random, the genetic tangles of inbreeding would have been more obvious. Like today’s hunter-gatherers, they must have looked for partners through social ties with other tribes. Researchers believe this network was quite extensive, especially for the smaller groups.
The Sungir burials were complex and ritualistic enough to suggest that ceremonies accompanied life’s milestones—like death and marriage. If so, Stone Age weddings would be the earliest human marriages. A lack of understanding of marriage networks may have doomed Neanderthals, whose DNA shows more inbreeding.
5 Women Blended Different Cultures
Photo credit: popular-archaeology.comIn 2017, a study looked at ancient homesteads in the Lechtal in Germany. These dated back to around 4,000 years ago when there were no large settlements in the area. When the remains of the inhabitants were investigated, a surprising tradition was discovered. Most families were started by women who left their villages to settle in the Lechtal. This happened from the late Stone Age to the Early Bronze Age.
For eight centuries, women, likely from Bohemia or Central Germany, preferred the Lechtal’s men. This foreign female mobility was key to spreading cultural ideas and items, which in turn helped to shape new technologies.
The discovery also showed that previous beliefs about mass migration needed adjustment. Even though the women relocated extensively to the Lechtal, it happened on an individual basis.
4 A Written Language
Photo credit: The Guardian
Researchers may have discovered the world’s oldest written language. At its barest, it could be a code representing certain concepts. The Stone Age symbols are historic but were ignored for years despite countless visitors trooping into the caves every year.
The caves in Spain and France also contain another attraction—large chambers filled with some of the most incredible art in the world. Hidden between the ancient herds of bison, horses, and lions are tiny marks. Unlike the realism of the anatomically drawn animals, the marks are clearly symbols arranged to represent something abstract.
Twenty-six signs repeat against the walls of around 200 caves. If they represent information, it pushes the invention of writing back to 30,000 years ago. However, the roots of the curious script may be older. Many of the French symbols, painted by the Cro-Magnon people, have been found in ancient African art. One in particular, the open-angle sign, is engraved at Blombos Cave in South Africa. Artifacts at Blombos have been dated to 75,000 years ago.
3 The Nataruk Massacre
Photo credit: The GuardianStone Age cultures produced breathtaking galleries of art and wide social networks, but they also engaged in warfare. In one case, it was just senseless slaughter. In 2012 at Nataruk in northern Kenya, a university team found bones protruding from the soil. They were fractured knees.
Clearing away the sand, the scientists found a heavily pregnant Stone Age woman. Despite her condition, she had been murdered. Around 10,000 years ago, somebody tied her up and threw her into a lagoon. The remains of 27 others—six children and several more women—were with her. Most bodies showed the effects of extreme violence, including blunt force trauma and even bits of weapons stuck in bones.
It is impossible to say why the group of hunter-gatherers was exterminated, but it could have resulted from a dispute over resources. During that time, Nataruk was lush and fertile, with fresh water—a priceless grab for any tribe. Whatever happened that day, the Nataruk massacre remains the oldest evidence of human warfare.
2 The Plague Arrived
Photo credit: BBCBy the time the bacterium Yersinia pestis was done with 14th-century Europe, 30–60 percent of the population was dead. In 2017, ancient skeletons showed that the plague entered Europe during the Stone Age.
Six individuals from the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age tested positive for plague. They covered a wide geographical area, hailing from Lithuania, Estonia, Russia, Germany, and Croatia. Considering the different locations and two eras, researchers were surprised when the Y. pestis genomes from each case closely matched.
Further investigation determined that the bacterium probably hitchhiked from farther East when people poured in from the Caspian-Pontic Steppe (Russia and Ukraine). Arriving around 4,800 years ago, they brought a unique genetic marker with them. This component showed up in European remains with the earliest traces of plague, a strong indication that the steppe people brought it with them.
It is not known how deadly Y. pestis was during those days. But it is possible that the steppe migrants fled epidemics back home.
1 A Musical Brain Evolution
Photo credit: popular-archaeology.comIn the past, it was thought that Early Stone Age tools evolved alongside language. But the revolutionary change—from simple to complex tools—happened about 1.75 million years ago. Scientists are not sure if language existed back then.
In 2017, they showed volunteers how to make simple tools (Oldowan flake and pebble instruments) and the post-evolutionary advanced Acheulian hand axes and cleavers. One group watched videos teaching them how to knap. The second group watched the same footage but without sound. While the participants knapped away, their brain activity was analyzed in real time.
Scientists found that the jump in expertise was not solidly rooted in language. Instead, for the more difficult tools, the brain activated regions used by modern piano players. This network included visual memory, complex action-planning, sound, and sensorimotor information.
The brain’s language center only activated in volunteers who heard the videos’ instructions, yet both groups successfully made Acheulian tools. This could solve the mystery of when and how the human species shifted from apelike thinking to cognition. It would appear that 1.75 million years ago, the “musical” network evolved for the first time and so did human intelligence.
Here we see those OLD WORLD GLOBAL 1% KINGS AND QUEENS using those HOLY GRAILS as carrots------so, what is the THREE INDIAS?
'a plan to locate the legendary Holy “Grasal” (a.k.a. “Grail”) and make it an offering from Barbarossa to the even more legendary Prester John, the fabulously wealthy Christian King of the Orient whose “sovereignty extended over the Three Indias'
If 99% WE THE PEOPLE watch our 5% to the 1% global banking freemason/Greeks they are all FLIPPING THEIR affiliations to those found in Eastern block/Russia. So, the secret hand shakes, hand signs, funny hats are tilting to the EAST. These US 5% to the 1% CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA====now TRUMP having been those ROBBER BARON thieves for OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS are now ready to FLIP ECONOMIC AXIS to Eastern Hemisphere with absolutely no care of sacking and looting PROSPEROUS, STABLE, CIVILIZED SOCIETIES.
Sorry, global banking 1% are building DEEP, DEEP, REALLY DEEP STATES as in China and US CITIES DEEMED FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES----we know STALINIST RUSSIA and BATMAN PUTIN is on top of that.................no need for those 5% freemason/Greeks in MOVING FORWARD FLIPPING OF ECONOMIC AXIS TO EASTERN HEMISPHERE.
THOSE EASTERN BLOCK NATIONS AS OUR ASIAN GLOBAL 1% HAVE NEVER LEFT FAR-RIGHT WING, AUTHORITARIAN, MILITARISTIC, EXTREME WEALTH EXTREME POVERTY DICTATORSHIP LIBERTARIAN MARXISM.
Nobody does it better!
BAUDOLINO only able to tell lies----touting that secret language MOVING FORWARD to far-East looking for ST ANDREWS Prester John....
Monday, May 19, 2014
Prester Johns: Emperors of the Three Indias
Prester John was Rajadhiraja Chola II (Prince Jadaron Bagrutuni) the first Christian Emperor of the Three Indias. He was the grandson, through his mother, of Kulothunga Chola II, the Cholan (Soli) Emperor of the Three Indias. His father was a Christian Bagrutuni Prince Aton of the Ossetes. Wikipedia states: "According to historian N. Sethuraman, Rajadhiraja was not the direct descendant of Rajaraja Chola II but was a son of his sister. Rajaraja Chola II chose Rajadhiraja as his heir in 1166 as he did not have any sons of his own."
Prester John was succeeded by his younger brother Kulothunga Chola III when Prester John retired to be a Christian monk/hermit. Kulothunga helped Prester John's son Vikkirama Pandyan by his Pandyan wife to become the Pandyan King. Vikkirama's son Jatavarman rebelled against his Cholan cousins but was defeated and submited to Cholan overlordship. Jatavarman's brother Maravarman on succeeding him attacked the Cholans and became the Emperor of the Three Indies. He restored the policy of religious tolerance in the Empire like his grandfather Prester John. However his son Maravarman Sundari II was defeated by Rajender Chola III the grandson of Kulothunga Chola III. Maravarman II's son Jatavarman III seized back the throne of the Three Indias. His son Maravaramban was killed by his illegitimate son Vira when he declared his legitimate son Sundara as his heir. Civil war broke out and Sundari asked for Muslim help. The Muslims eventually seize power for themselves. Sundara's daughter who married the Australian/ Javanese King of the Rubani, Gadi and Mani is proclaimed Empress of the Three Indias and from about 1350 until 1530 her descendants, who followed an Indianised Jewish-Christian faith, reigned as the Prester Johns or Pandyan Emperors of the Three Indies.
1. Rajadhiraja Chola II (Jadaron) (r. 1163-1178) the first Prester John and Christian Emperor of the Three Indies.The so-called Voynich manuscript is a 15th century copy of the original which was written by him in the 12th century. The language is the Hebreo-Georgian Indian language of the Royal House. His son by his black Pandyan wife was King Vikkirama Pandyan. He had at least three sons by his Jewish wife Lady (Geveret) Hana. His son David Soslan became a Babylonian Exilarch (1175) and the husband of Queen Tamara of Georgia (1187). His son Hanan (Hani) became the Prince or King of the Jews of Tehama. His son Solomon (Soli) was the Jewish Prince or King of Telmas who married Queen Lembu (Lebanah) of the Rubani.
2. Vikkirama Pandyan (r. 1180-1190) was assisted by his cousin Kulothunga Chola II the Hindu Emperor of the Three Indias to gain the Pandyan throne. Vikkirama was the protector of Christians and resisted the approaches of the Muslims for him to convert. The form of Christianity they (the Pandyan Prester Johns) followed was expressed in terminology drawn from the Hindu tradition. Just as the Chritians of the West saw the mythologies and legends of the Greeks and Romans as seeds of the Gospel so these Christians saw the Hindu writings as containing seeds of the truth. They developed the ideas of Vishnu and Krishna in a Christian direction where Krishna was identified with Christ and Vishnu as the Supreme Deity of which Krishna was the incarnation of Vishnu- Krishna is "The Lord himself" (Svayam Bhagavan). The idea of the ten avatars of Vishnu originates in the Kabbalistic idea of the ten sefirot. The concept of Devi (Mother Goddess) is close to the ideas of Sophia in the West. Radha is connected to the Holy Spirit who is seen as feminine in many Jewish texts. After the ascendancy of Hinduism after 1308 this Christian Indianised theology was re-assimilated back into Hinduism with its followers. He had two sons Jatavarman Kulashekharan I and Maravarman Sundara Pandyan I by his wife who was a Christian Cheran Princess of Quilon (Venad) in Kerala.
3. Jatavarman I (1190-1216) succeeded his father as the Pandyan King. He rebelled against his Cholan Hindu cousins but was defeated and was given back his throne as a vassal of the Cholan Emperor. He was succeeded as Pandyan King by his younger brother Maravarman. He married his cousin the Cheran Princess Kothi.
4. Maravarman Sundara Pandyan (r.1216-1238) defeated the Cholan Emperor and became the second Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias.He married his cousin Princess Radha the daughter of Solomon I (Soli) the Jewish King of Telmas and Queen Lembu (Lebanah) of the Rubani, Gadi and Mani of Java Le Grande (Australia).
5. Sadayavarman Kulashekharan (r.1238-1240) was the older son of Maravarman and succeeded him as the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias while his brother Maravarman II was the Pandyan King. He married a Hoysala Princess.
6. Maravarman Sundara Pandyan II (r.1238-51) was the younger brother of Sadayavarman and was the Pandyan King from 1238-40 and then from 1241-1251 he was the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias while his nephew Sadayavarman Vikkirama served as Pandyan King.
7.Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan III (r.1251-1268) was the son of Maravarman Sundara Pandyan II and was the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias.
"Jatavarman avenges the defeat of his father by completely destroying the Chola empire and establishing the second powerful Pandyan empire. He also defeats the Cheras, Hoysalas (in 1279), and the Kakatiyas.
During his reign he provides a golden roof for the temples of Chidambaram and Srirangam from the wealth acquired in his conquests. He also gives many grants to temples in Trichy, Thanjavur and Kanchipuram. He builds a temple at Aragalur (Magadai Mandalam) for the merit of Kulasekara around 1259. He acknowledges the contributors of other dynasties to Tamil Nadu by building a gate at the Sri Ranganathaswami Temple at Srirangam in which he engraves the names of all four great empires of Tamil Nadu, the Cholas, Pallavas, Pandyas and Cheras. He also builds the east tower of the Madurai Meenakshi Temple." (from The History Files)
The Temples were the "Churches" of the Vishnu-form of Indianised Christianity followed by the Pandyan and Cheran Dynasties. This form of Vishnu-Krishna Christianity was first embraced by the Cheran King Rama Kulasekhara the founder of the Venad Dynasty of the Kingdom of Quilon in Kerala around 1100 AD.
8. Maravramban Kulasekharan Pandyan (r.1268-1308) was the son of Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan III and the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias. He reigned with the help of his brothers who were also considered Pandyan Kings. After he was murdered by his illegitimate son Jatavarman Vira Pandyan, civil war broke out between his legitimate son Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan and designated heir and Vira. It lasted for many years and eventually led to Muslim control and rule of India.
9. Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan (r.1309-1327) was the legitimate son of Maravramban Kulashekharan Pandyan. During his reign he battled his half-brother but he defeated him and they allied against the enroachments of the Muslims. They apostatized from their Christian faith to follow Shaivism and it was during his reign that the Vishnu-Krishna Christians were persecuted and encouraged to become Hindus. He married a Majapahit Princess Tribuwana in 1324 and his only daughter and heiress Pandia Sundari was born in 1325. On her husband's death the Majapahit Princess now the dowager Empress of the Three Indias returned to Java La Grande (Kedar section of Australia now under water and called the Naturaliste Plateau) with her daughter Pandia Sundari in 1327. She remarried to the Raden (King) David III Kertawardhana of the Rubani, Gadi and Mani. On the death of Tribhuwana's immoral and degenerate half-brother in 1328 her mother Dyah Gayatri the dowager Queen of Majapahit and Amazon High-Queen had her daughter made Queen of Majapahit and Tribhuwana also became the Regent for her daughter Pandia Sundari who the Kingdom of Majapahit claimed as the Regnant Empress of the Three Indias. Queen Tribhuwana appointed Gajah Mada in 1329 as her Prime Minister who started to conquer back the countries of the Second India who had broken from the Empire during the civil wars that had occurred since 1308 in the First India. It was around this time that Ethiopia was considered to be part of the Third India due to its alliance through marriage of the Royal Dynasties of the Third India in Australia (Java La Grande) and the Islands of the Indian Ocean. On her mothers death in 1350 Tribhuwana became the Amazon High-Queen and her son Hayam Waruk became the King of Majapahit Kedar. Tribhuwana was also the Duchess of Kahuripan (Medang and Kedar).
10. Pandia Sundari (r.1328-1370) Empress Regnant of the Three Indias (Srivijaya, Majapahit and Vijayanegara Empires). She married King Joseph II (Raden Sotor) of Rubani, Gadi and Mani (Kingdom of Rhodan Heber (Chabor) in Inland Australia on the edge of the Shallow Sea (Yam Rhadood [רָדוּד]). On the death of her mother around 1370 she became the Amazon High Queen. Her son Solomon III (Raden Gagak Soli) became the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias and her daughter Radha the Queen Consort of Majapahit (wife of King Wirbhumi) eventually succeeded her as Amazon High Queen.
11. Solomon III (Raden Gagak Soli) became the Prester John Emperor of the Three Indias in 1370 and he married his cousin Princess Surawardhana of Majapahit (Kedar) the daughter of Prince Singhawardhana the Duke of Paguhan and Princess Iswari of Majapahit (and the Duchess of Pajang) [a daughter of Queen Tribhuwana and Raden King David III Kertawardhana of Chabor]. Solomon succeeded his father Joseph II Raden Sotor as King of Rhadan Chabor (Heber).
Marco Polo and the Lost Continent
'The magnetic field that protects Earth extends from the inner core to where it meets charged particles coming from the Sun, also known as solar wind. The magnetic field deflects most of these particles, which otherwise would strip off our ozone layer, the layer of our atmosphere responsible for protecting Earth from ultraviolet radiation. This field is generated and maintained through a rotating, convecting and electrically conducting fluid at its core called a geodynamo'.
In the US we are facing growing FAKE SCIENTIFIC DATA just as with all CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA lying, cheating, and stealing corrupting all that comes from our Federal and local governments---corporatized PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES.
We are seeing tons of FAKE science articles telling us what FLIPPING THE EARTH'S MAGNETIC FIELD is about----and all of them are hiding what the REAL information pertaining to FLIPPING OR NOT----THE EARTH'S MAGNETIC POLES.
So, ELON MUSK wants our EARTH's magnetic ore already drilling to center of EARTH to mine it---could care less if all is depleted because ELON MUSK is A SOCIOPATH. To these global banking 1% having an EARTH with no magnetic field will simply allow them to develop PLANETARY MINING COLONY TECHNOLOGY that requires operations with NO MAGNETIC FIELDS.
What we REALLY KNOW is this: ordinary EARTH FLIPPING of magnetic poles has happened for thousands of years----it may happen in several centuries or thousands of years but no one thinks it creates huge disruption to LIFE ON EARTH.
What we REALLY KNOW is this: the goals of mining EARTH's magnetic ore from EARTH'S CORE will create the weakening and/or loss of our EARTH's magnetic field to the DETRIMENT of 99% of WE THE PEOPLE while those LOONEY TUNES global 1% are hiding in their MINING SHAFT ECO-DOMES IN SIBERIA.
Please do not confuse these DOUBLE-TALK public policies---thinking it is OK with you if Western Hemisphere FLIPPING OF ECONOMIC AXIS is killed and goes EAST-----when the discussion is KILLING OUR EARTH'S FLIPPING OF MAGNETIC AXIS-----which will definitely KILL 99% WE THE PEOPLE.
Remember, all our US scientific research tied to public and private universities are being filled with SCIENCE FOR SCIENCE SAKE 5% to 1% freemason/Greek players living only for today.
Without a magnetic field, any life on exoplanets may be doomed
By Elise Andrew
29 Oct 2013, 11:45
The magnetic field that protects Earth extends from the inner core to where it meets charged particles coming from the Sun, also known as solar wind. The magnetic field deflects most of these particles, which otherwise would strip off our ozone layer, the layer of our atmosphere responsible for protecting Earth from ultraviolet radiation. This field is generated and maintained through a rotating, convecting and electrically conducting fluid at its core called a geodynamo.
Scientists have recently been able to identify many exoplanets that reside within a ‘Goldilocks Zone’, which is the region around a host star where it is thought possible a planet with sufficient atmospheric pressure could sustain liquid water on its surface. Though these planets are within the right orbit of the star, their ability to sustain life is not guaranteed; these exoplanets may be missing their magnetic shielding, which would make them susceptible to damaging radiation.
The magnetic field that protects Earth extends from the inner core to where it meets charged particles coming from the Sun, also known as solar wind. The magnetic field deflects most of these particles, which otherwise would strip off our ozone layer, the layer of our atmosphere responsible for protecting Earth from ultraviolet radiation. This field is generated and maintained through a rotating, convecting and electrically conducting fluid at its core called a geodynamo.
Mars and Venus do not have magnetic fields. Stellar winds are thought to have stripped away most of Mars’ atmosphere after the magnetic field dissipated. A comparison of the effect of the solar wind on Mars and Earth was possible when a planetary alignment occurred on 6 January 2008. Scientists compared the loss of oxygen from the two planets’ atmospheres when the same stream of solar wind hit them. Though the solar wind’s pressure increased at each planet by similar amounts, the increase in the rate of loss of Martian oxygen was ten times that of Earth’s increase. This difference in rates, over billions of years, helps explain the tenuous state of the Martian atmosphere today.
Venus may have had oceans deep in its past that were vaporised once the runaway greenhouse effect took hold. Any water would have been broken down by photons; with no magnetic field the free hydrogen was expelled into space by the solar wind. If an exoplanet had surface water, this water could get blasted away by stellar winds if the planet does not have a strong magnetic field.
A team of scientists, led by Jorge Zuluaga at the University of Antioquia in Colombia, used up-to-date dynamo scaling laws to calculate how long it would take for a rocky planet to cool so much that the geodynamo would stop working. They then compared these results against three well-known exoplanets believed to be potentially habitable: Gliese 581d, HD 40307g and GJ 667Cc . The team assumed an Earth-like composition for the three planets and found that the geodynamos of all of them would be extinct or close to being shut down. Gliese 581d was the best protected against the solar wind. GJ 667Cc has no protection from solar wind and has most likely suffered massive atmosphere loss. Any potential life on the planet is doomed.
TURKEY'S ERDOGAN as ISRAEL'S NETANYAHU are both global banking 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS freemason players. They are on the same team and yet---the 99% of ARABIC and 99% of JEWISH citizens are being stirred to CIVIL UNREST/CIVIL WAR by those global banking 5% ALT RIGHT ALT LEFT freemason/Greek civil unrest players. We KNOW Erdogan's family originates from these EASTERN KIEV/CRIMEAN regions.
Turkey's President Erdogan supports Ukraine over Crimea
Oct 9, 2017 ... Turkey will continue to support Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says during Monday's ...
'The Ukrainians and the Russians are really the same people'.
'The people of Crimea have overwhelmingly voted to leave Ukraine for Russia'.
ISRAEL as we said was created under what is called ZIONISM which as public policy means many different things to many different people. What we KNOW is this-----ISRAEL opened its immigration of global Jewish 99% to Russian Jews these few decades ago-------so Israel's population majority is now mostly RUSSIAN JEWS.
We see above CRIMEA-----as UKRAINE 99% of citizens identify themselves as RUSSIAN----so there REALLY IS NO TENSIONS this is all manufactured by global banking 1% wanting CIVIL UNREST/CIVIL WAR======WW3----and those wicked witch of west winged monkey 5% ALT RIGHT ALT LEFT freemason/Greek players are creating these FAKE revolutions.
WE HAVE DISCUSSED WHY A TRUMP WOULD PLACE A US EMBASSY IN JERUSALEM IN MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE for only the OLD WORLD GLOBAL 1% KINGS AND QUEENS.
NowThis was live.
May 14 at 1:20pm ·YOU TUBE
Protesters in Turkey are rallying against President Trump’s decision to move the U.S. embassy to Jerusalem today. Earlier, Israeli soldiers shot and killed at least 52 Palestinians during mass protests along Israel’s border with Gaza.