So, Jesus as we know through real historical documents was rounded up by Romans for being too powerful of a leader among the 99% of WE THE PEOPLE giving them ideas of being able to live a stable, prosperous life allowing their families a quality of life building economic structures providing food, water, housing, and a caring compassionate community of people-----THE OPPOSITE OF CONTINUOUS WARS ROMANS.
'According to writings in the New Testament and prior to his conversion, Paul was dedicated to persecuting the early disciples of Jesus in the area of Jerusalem'
We KNOW Jesus had disciples from the regions he visited and we can guess there was a LAST SUPPER as Jesus was condemned to die on cross.
What we don't know is WHAT HAPPENED to those original disciples after Jesus died. Many accounts say those disciples were never heard from in historical documents again----some identify they died never leaving GREATER GALILEE.
Up To 50 Books Were Left Out Of The Bible, Here's Why
All of this is important education on public policy today because it is what ties our US 99% WE THE PEOPLE to continuous wars, to ROBBER BARON fleecing of all our wealth and assets, and sacking our strong civil society.......we need our religions taken back to being 99% populist religions under GOD.
'The eminent Princeton scholar Bruce Metzger noted that Marcion’s challenge was “accelerating the process of fixing the Church’s canon, a process that had already begun in the first half of the second century.”'
Since early Christian, Jewish, Muslim years of developing these populist religions spurred by PROPHETS touched by GOD to protect his creation EARTH and HUMAN-----there has been steady debate of what these religions should look like---lots of ordinary people back at that time writing TEXTS/BOOKS on how 99% of people were feeling about these religions. Obviously we would not go to a GLOBAL HEDGE FUND IVY LEAGUE PRINCETON as we see above to understand that period. We would just know that after Jesus died those original disciples were likely absorbed back into their communities while those global 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS got busy making their own brand of each of these religions.
This is why today we have Christians not believing in TRINITY OF CHRIST-----that he was GOD, FATHER, HOLY GHOST-----rather simply a common man touched by GOD.
This is why today we have Christians not believing in EUCHARIST -----the LAST SUPPER where Jesus is said take bread and wine as body and spirit---rather Jesus could have sat quietly with however many disciples there were encouraging them to continue spreading GOD'S WORDS.
This is why today we have Christians not believing in BAPTISM -----SIN AND SALVATION.
'Generally, members of the various denominations acknowledge each other as Christians, at least to the extent that they have mutually recognized baptisms and acknowledge historically orthodox views including the Divinity of Jesus and doctrines of sin and salvation, even though doctrinal and ecclesiological obstacles hinder full communion between churches'.
We know Jesus was crucified brutally brought to the cross to die---we know his disciples, followers, family however many would have been there. He was buried in a crypt as any 99% of WE THE PEOPLE. DID HE RISE/WAS THE CRYPT EMPTY-----does that really matter in our 99% belief that JESUS was chosen by GOD to protect his creation EARTH/HUMAN?
Why Were Some Books Left Out of the Bible?
Clinton E. Arnold — April 19, 2016
The following post is a chapter from Short Answers to Big Questions about God, the Bible, and Christianity, co-authored by Dr. Clinton E. Arnold (Dean of Talbot School of Theology) and his son, Jeff Arnold. This book was published by Baker Books and can be purchased here. You can view another chapter from this book here.
A few years ago, the National Geographic Society announced the discovery of a lost gospel called the Gospel of Judas. Every major news outlet covered this event, with some hailing it as the discovery of the century. The Society then aired a television special on the Friday before Easter telling the story of this great find and discussing its significance. This discovery raised many questions for people, but especially two of a critical nature for the Christian faith: (1) why were some books left out of the Bible (like the Gospel of Judas), and (2) should we consider including other books in the Bible?
The Gospel of Judas was a great discovery, but it was not a big surprise. The famous second-century church leader Irenaeus actually mentions this so-called gospel in his book, Against All Heresies. The Gospel of Judas was not written in Greek (as every New Testament book), but in an Egyptian language known as Coptic. It was also composed after the New Testament was written. More importantly, it was part of a collection of documents belonging to another religion called gnosticism. The gnostics looked down on physical life and taught a belief in two gods—the Creator God that we know about through Genesis 1, but also a secret, hidden, unknown god that exists in the kingdom of light. It is this unknown god that gnosticism claims to reveal. At the heart of the Gospel of Judas is a revelation of this unknown god.
The Problem of People Wanting to Add to the Bible
Irenaeus explicitly said that the gnostics wrote many different gospels and books, but he, along with all other church leaders of the second through fourth centuries, regarded them as grossly inaccurate and harmful in what they taught. He warned, “They adduce an unspeakable number of apocryphal and spurious writings, which they themselves have forged, to bewilder the minds of foolish men, and of such as are ignorant of the Scriptures of truth.” It is from this religion—a religion that is quite different from Christianity—that so many spiritual books were written that are now sometimes referred to as “the lost books of the Bible.” Although it may be rather obvious that the Gospel of Judas should not be part of the Bible, what about other books?
At various points in the history of the church, individuals have emerged who have challenged what books should be in the Bible—either by wanting to eliminate some or to add others. The important point here is that the churches already knew what the books of the Bible were; these were the ones they were already using in their teaching and worship. These books had just not been officially recognized.
The Problem of People Wanting to Take Books Out of the Bible
One of the earliest challenges to the commonly recognized collection of books that the churches were using as Scripture came from a man named Marcion. He was a wealthy and prominent church leader who lived in the early second century AD in a coastal city of northern Asia Minor (today this is in the country of Turkey). He was passionate about the writings of the apostle Paul but had a very skewed idea of what they taught. Ultimately, he advocated that only ten letters of the apostle Paul should be accepted as Scripture as well as the Gospel of Luke; all others should be rejected (including the Old Testament). Because of his wealth and influence, the churches of the Mediterranean world had to respond. This challenge became a huge motivation for the churches to declare formally and publicly what books they had already been using as Scripture.
The Early Church’s Recognition of God’s Word
So, as early as the second century AD, the church began developing the concept of the canon of Scripture to distinguish those books that were regarded as inspired by God and thus carried divine authority. The term comes from Greek where it commonly meant a “rule” or a “standard” and came to be applied to the standard books that made up the Bible. The eminent Princeton scholar Bruce Metzger noted that Marcion’s challenge was “accelerating the process of fixing the Church’s canon, a process that had already begun in the first half of the second century.”
By the time of Jesus, the thirty-nine books that constituted the Hebrew Bible (what we call the Old Testament) were widely recognized within Judaism as the Bible. Because of that, Jesus could cite from various books of the Old Testament by simply referring to them as a coherent and unified whole called “the Scriptures” (see, for example, Matt. 21:42; 22:29; 26:54, 56).
As for the twenty-seven books that we know as the New Testament, these were formally recognized as the canon of Scripture in the second through the fourth centuries. The apostle Peter himself referred to the letters of Paul as “Scripture” (2 Pet. 3:15–16). In one of the earliest church documents written after the final New Testament book was completed, the Gospel of Mark is cited as “Scripture” (2 Clement 2:4). The earliest church leaders regularly quote passages from the various New Testament documents giving them authority as divine revelation in a way that distinguishes them from any other writings.
It is important to realize, though, that from the moment the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) were written, they were copied and circulated throughout the extent of the world where churches had been planted—Israel, Syria, Asia Minor, Egypt, Greece, Italy, and elsewhere. They began to be used regularly by the churches for teaching, worship, and devotion. The same can be said about the collection of the letters of Paul, Peter, James, Jude, and John as well as the letter to the Hebrews and the book of Revelation. They were rapidly copied, distributed to the churches, and in constant use as documents that were inspired by God and essential for the growth and nurture of believers. Wherever churches had been planted, believers were reading and using these documents as the revealed Word of God.
What this means is that there was no one individual who privately made a decision regarding what should be in the Bible. Or, similarly, there was no group of individuals who made such a decision and then imposed their decree upon all of the churches.
In fact, the process happened in precisely the opposite manner. The gatherings of church leaders who produced official lists of New Testament books were formally recognizing what the churches all over the world had already recognized and were using as the inspired and authoritative Scriptures. As Metzger notes, “The Church did not create the canon, but came to recognize, accept, and confirm the self-authenticating quality of certain documents.”
How the Church Recognized What Was Scripture
The influence of the Holy Spirit in the hearts and minds of the early Christians was the primary factor influencing what particular documents the individual churches began to use as inspired and authoritative Scripture. But there were also some objective and rational standards:
(1) Apostolic origin (from the Apostles). From the very beginning, Christians “devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching” (Acts 2:42). Originally, their teaching was spread orally, but once this teaching was written down, churches obtained copies of these documents as soon as they could and used them as the very Word of God for their beliefs and practice. (2) Orthodoxy. The churches rejected out of hand any document that did not conform to the collection of essential teachings that all of the churches accepted. (3) Usage. In the third and fourth centuries, no book was regarded as Scripture unless it had been widely used by the churches from the beginning. Of course, this latter standard rules out the possibility that any document can or should be added to the Bible now.
So, when it comes to considering whether a newly discovered document like the Gospel of Judas should be made part of the Bible, it fails on every ground. Although it claims to be from Judas (one of the Twelve), there are good historical reasons for concluding that it did not (not least of which is that Judas hung himself shortly after he betrayed Jesus, who was then crucified; Matt. 27:5). Furthermore, the teaching of this book is gnostic and contradicts most essential Christian doctrines. And, finally, it was never used by the church and was actually condemned.
There are no other books that should be considered as part of the Bible. Even if, theoretically, an authentic letter from the apostle Paul should be discovered, as awesome as such a discovery might be, we would not consider making it part of the Bible. It was simply not used by all the churches over time.
What we currently possess in our Bibles is the completed canon of Scripture. It is exactly as God intended it and is the living, active, and powerful Word of God.
At the same time our early Christian religion was fast-forwarding into tons of tons of churches with all kinds of new apostles appearing and the OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS picking and choosing what BOOK/TEXT would make the cut in creating our CHRISTIAN BIBLE----the same power grab was happening in our JEWISH religion regarding the TORAH----same happening in ISLAM regarding KORAN. We hear the same shouting from 99% of Jewish and Muslim citizens that their early religions were corrupted and look nothing like they wanted them to be.
KING OF KINGS---LORD OF LORDS------sounds very much like our global 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS trying to make themselves into the same GODS-----as Greek and Roman gods and goddesses.
'Paul was a native of Tarsus, a city of considerable importance in the Greco-Roman world. He was a descendant of the Hebrew tribe of Benjamin and originally was named Saul, after Israel's first king'.
- New World Encyclopediawww.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Saint_Peter
Controversy Controversy exists as to whether Peter was truly a pope, and the veracity of the many miracles attributed to him Peter was a Galilean fisherman assigned a leadership role by Jesus, who reportedly gave him the keys of heaven and called him the "rock" on whom the church would be built
All of this does not mean we cannot believe our religious texts-----does not mean we cannot think of MOSES, JESUS, MUHAMMAD as GOD ON EARTH-----it simply means the symbolism and structures that moved forward in those early years of religion were designed to SERVE THOSE GLOBAL 1% -----and not our 99% WE THE PEOPLE.
Remember CLIFF NOTES are NOT to where 99% WE THE PEOPLE go to understand public policy ---they hide REAL INFORMATION.
Summary and Analysis The Pauline Letters
Approximately one third of the New Testament consists of letters, or epistles, written by the apostle Paul and addressed to the Christian churches of his day. Because these letters are older than any of the gospel accounts of the life of Jesus, they constitute the most reliable source that we have today for information concerning the early history of the Christian movement. With few exceptions, these letters were written in response to conditions that existed in the particular churches with which Paul was associated. Not until some time passed after Paul's death were these letters circulated among the churches and read along with the Old Testament Scriptures as a part of regular worship services. Still later, they came to be regarded as inspired writings comparable to the sacred Scriptures of Judaism.
To understand the contents of these letters, it is necessary to know something about the man who wrote them, as well as about the particular circumstances under which they were written. Fortunately for us, considerable information along these lines is available within the letters themselves and can be supplemented by biographical accounts written by Luke, who was a companion of Paul, and included in the Book of Acts.
Paul was a native of Tarsus, a city of considerable importance in the Greco-Roman world. He was a descendant of the Hebrew tribe of Benjamin and originally was named Saul, after Israel's first king. Raised in a Jewish home, he was taught the Old Testament Scriptures and brought up in strict accordance with the beliefs and practices of the Pharisee sect. As he grew older, he was sent to the city of Jerusalem, where he studied under Gamaliel, one of the leading Jewish rabbis of that day. Later, he returned to Tarsus and probably attended the Greek university located in that city, although we have no direct information about this.
A crucial turning point in Paul's career came after he returned to Jerusalem and began studies in preparation for becoming a rabbi. As a devoted and loyal Jew of the Pharisee sect, his attention was given primarily to a detailed analysis of the requirements set forth in the Mosaic Law.
He became familiar not only with the Law itself but with the explanations and commentaries made by the leading rabbis of the Jewish faith. In harmony with one of the basic doctrines of Judaism, he believed that salvation could be obtained only by obedience to all of the laws that God had given to his people. But as Paul pursued his studies, he became conscious of the fact that a mere knowledge concerning what one ought to do does not produce the desire to do it. Furthermore, he realized that desires give rise to actions, but the Law is unable to give one the desires that are necessary to meet its requirements. In fact, the situation is even worse than that, for the knowledge that one ought not to do certain things often acts as a stimulus creating the desire to do it. This conflict between duty and desire became an intolerable situation for Paul; because of it, he gave up his plans for becoming a rabbi. To compensate for his failure to carry out his original plans, he was anxious to find something of real merit that he might do, which he believed he found in the need for suppressing a new religious movement that he regarded as both dangerous and heretical — Christianity.
This new religious movement was promulgated by a group of people who claimed to be followers of Jesus, a man who had been crucified but who, they now believed, had risen from the dead, ascended to heaven, and would return to earth in power and great glory. Putting an end to this movement was what Paul now devoted himself to with the utmost zeal. He hunted down the members of this group, had them committed to prison, and threatened them with death. But as he did so, he could not help but be impressed by the way in which the Christians met the persecutions inflicted upon them.
The stoning of Stephen was one of these incidents. With perfect calm and an inner peace of mind, Stephen knelt down and prayed that those who were casting the stones might be forgiven. It was perfectly evident that these Christians possessed that which Paul desired more than anything else: the peace of mind that comes with a clear conscience and a deep conviction that they are living in harmony with the will of God. Paul came to realize that there must be some connection between these persons' faith in Jesus and their manner of living. No doubt this conviction was growing upon him for some time, but the climactic turning point in his career came while he was journeying to Damascus. Convinced now that Jesus was a righteous man and that his death on the cross was not the just punishment of a criminal but rather that of a martyr who died for a noble cause, Paul was ready to give himself to that same cause, which was more alive than it had been before Jesus' crucifixion and which pointed the way to a salvation that could not be achieved by obedience to a set of laws that were contrary to human desires.
Paul's decision to cast his lot with the members of the Christian community did not make him a missionary all at once, for about fourteen years passed before his work as a leader in the movement received any general recognition. During this time, Paul had ample opportunity to rethink his religious conceptions, systematize his understanding of the meaning of Jesus' career on earth, and formulate plans for spreading Christianity throughout the world. Eventually, he was invited by Barnabas to come to the church at Antioch and assist in the work being done there. After serving this church for a brief period, Paul began a series of missionary journeys to spread the news of salvation offered through Jesus' physical death. While engaged in these missionary activities, he wrote the letters that are preserved in the New Testament.
When we educate our US 99% WE THE PEOPLE largely Christian, growing Jewish, now moving to MUSLIM, HINDI, BUDDHIST not to think of religious texts as WORDS OF GOD-----we would get heavy backlash from our ARABIC ISLAMISTS tied to KORAN ---and our JEWISH tied to TORAH. These religions tie very closely to these words being GOD'S WORDS as they think MUHAMMAD/MOSES having written all of these religious texts.
Islam was the latest religion to be organized during these ancient days of growing civilizations and continuous wars. We note that MUHAMMAD was from a wealthy family being identified as that PROPHET whose words were of GOD.
THIS IS WHY WE HAVE MUSLIM IMAMS READY TO FIGHT OVER ANY OUTSIDE CRITICISM OF KORAN/MUHAMMAD.
'Muhammad was born in Mecca, Arabia, about 570 AD. Orphaned at an early age, he was raised by his grandfather and then his uncle. His family was aristocratic and influential. He grew up in times of religious and political confusion and uncertainty. At age 25 he married a wealthy 40-year-old widow named Khadijah'.
Does it matter that another region has a prophet touched by GOD creating what is a religious text modeled on MOSAIC LAW to create a civil society? It matters if like our Christian and Jewish religious texts those having taken power is using those texts to expand their own WEALTH AND POWER.
So, we come out of our early creation of religions with symbolism taking the form of 12 TRIBES OF ISRAEL-----12 DISCIPLES OF CHRIST----which of course looks just like GLOBAL 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS FREEMASON/GREEK where only a global 1% and their 2% have wealth and power while 99% WE THE PEOPLE keep being enslaved, having our wealth and assets seized, and our civil societies constantly under attack.
Our 99% of ISLAMIC citizens are shouting WHAT THE HECK IS ALL THIS WAR AND EXTREME WEALTH AND POVERTY when they know what those early 99% of religious movements had as goals of GOD'S natural laws and ten commandments.
The Story of the Quran (part 1 of 4): God’s Final Revelation
Description: What is the Quran?
Articles The Holy Quran The Authenticity and Preservation of the Holy Quran
By Aisha Stacey (© 2009 IslamReligion.com)
Published on 03 Aug 2009
Muslims believe the Quran to be God’s final revelation. They believe it is the literal word of God, revealed over many years, to His final prophet, Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him. The Quran is full of wisdom. It is full of the wonder and glory of God, and a testament to His mercy and justice. It is not a history book, a storybook, or a scientific textbook, although it contains all of those genres. The Quran is God's greatest gift to humanity – it is a book like no other. In the second verse of the second chapter of the Quran, God describes the Quran by calling it a book whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are pious, righteous, and fear God. (Quran 2:2)
The Quran is core to Islam. Believing in it is a requirement. One who does not believe in the Quran, in its entirety, cannot claim to be a Muslim.
"The Messenger (Muhammad) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in God, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. (They say,) ‘We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers’ — and they say, ‘We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all)’." (Quran 2:285)
Islam has two primary sources, the Quran, and the authentic Traditions of Prophet Muhammad, that explain and sometimes expand on that of the Quran.
“And We have not sent down the Book (the Quran) to you (O Muhammad, except that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a folk who believe.” (Quran 16:64)
The Quran was delivered to Prophet Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel and revealed in stages over a period of 23 years.
“And (it is) a Quran which We have divided into parts, in order that you might recite it to men at intervals. And We have revealed it by stages.” (Quran 17:106)
Prophet Muhammad was commanded by God to convey the Quran to all of humankind and the responsibility weighed heavily upon him. Even in his farewell address he called on the people present to bear witness that he had delivered the message.
The Quran explains the concept of God, it explains in detail what is permissible and what is forbidden, it explains the basics of good manners and morals, and gives rulings about worship. It tells stories about the Prophets and our righteous predecessors, and describes Paradise and Hell. The Quran was revealed for all of humankind.
The book in which the Quran (the words of God) are contained in is called a mushaf . The Quran is considered so unique in content and style that it cannot be translated; therefore, any translation is considered an interpretation of the meanings of the Quran.
When God sent Prophets to the various nations He often allowed them to perform miracles that were relevant to their particular time and place. In the time of Moses magic and sorcery were prevalent therefore Moses’ miracles appealed to the people he was sent to guide. In the time of Muhammad, the Arabs, although predominantly illiterate, were masters of the spoken word. Their poetry and prose were considered outstanding and a model of literary excellence.
When Prophet Muhammad recited the Quran – the words of God – the Arabs were moved tremendously by its sublime tone and extraordinary beauty. The Quran was Prophet Muhammad’s miracle from God. Muhammad was unable to read or write therefore the Arabs knew that he was unlikely to have produced such eloquent words, but even so some refused to believe that the Quran was the word of God. God therefore challenged them, in the Quran, to produce a rival text.
“And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down (i.e. the Quran) to Our slave (Muhammad), then produce a chapter of the like thereof and call your witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides God, if you are truthful.” (Quran 2:23)
Of course they were unable to do so. In contrast to those who questioned the origin of the Quran, many Arabs converted to Islam after hearing the recitation. They knew immediately that such sublime beauty could originate only from God. Even today it is possible to see Muslims moved to tears while listening to or reciting the Quran. In fact some people, unable to understand even one word of the Arabic language are moved by the intrinsic beauty of the Quran.
After establishing that Quran is the word of God and that it is a recitation, it is also important to understand that Quran has remained unchanged for more than 1400 years. Today when a Muslim in Egypt holds his mushaf in his hands and begins to recite you can be sure that in far away Fiji another Muslim is looking at and reciting the exact same words. There are no differences. The child in France holding his first mushaf is tentatively reciting the same words that flowed from the lips of Prophet Muhammad.
God assures us in Quran that He will surely protect His words. He says, “Verily, it is We Who have sent down the Quran and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).” (Quran 15:9) This means that God will guard against anything false being added or any part of it being taken away. It is protected from tampering and if anyone attempts to distort the meanings of Quran, God will guide someone to expose the deception. Muslims believe that the previous revelations from God, including the Torah and the Gospels of Jesus were either lost in antiquity, or changed and distorted, so it is a source of comfort to them knowing that God’s words – the Quran – are now well guarded.
God sent down the Quran, from above the heavens, to the Angel Gabriel in the glorious month of Ramadan. The story of how this recitation was revealed and how Quran came to be available worldwide, with an interpretation of the meanings translated into over 100 languages will be covered in part 2.
Here we see an article giving a review on an Iranian version of our US global banking 1% HOLLYWOOD film were those 5% freemason STARS create FADS this time surrounding the founding of ISLAM and history surrounding MUHAMMAD.
Did the Arabic and Persian world have that PROPHET touched by GOD? We think that very possible but we are SURE the early 99% religious movements looked NOTHING that moved forward by the global 1% of that region.
Freemasonry and the Black Muslim Movement in America
By Michael R. Scheiderer................
Marcus Garvey and the United Negro Improvement Association
Noble Drew Ali and the Moorish Science Temple
Wallace D. Fard and the Nation of Islam
The Nation of Islam under The Honorable Elijah Muhammad and Minister
United Nuwaubian Nation of Moors
Nation of Gods and Earths - The 5%ers
ISLAMIC SHARIA law mirrors JUDAIC MOSAIC law -------our CHRISTIAN religion embraced GREEK democratic structures that kept CHURCH AND STATE SEPARATE-----creating a PUBLIC SPACE. CATHOLIC OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS tried to kill that early Christian adoption of democratic public space for our 99% WE THE PEOPLE-----the AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT I AM MAN brought back that PUBLIC SPACE FOR 99% OF CITIZENS-----now MOVING FORWARD intends to kill that PUBLIC SPACE SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE----to bring US citizens back to ancient religious laws as MOSAIC AND SHARIAH.
No need for FATWA against CITIZENS' OVERSIGHT MARYLAND----GOD knows REAL information when he/she sees it.
Did Muhammad Perform Miracles?
by Ayman S. Ibrahim 9 . 8 . 15
On Thursday, August 27, 2015, the first part of Iran’s most expensive movie trilogy, “Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah,” opened nationwide in Iran. It took more than eighty months for this movie to be completed. Its primary goal, according to its director Majid Majidi, “is to reclaim the rightful image of Islam, which he said extremists have distorted.”
The Iranian state has partly funded the film, most likely in an attempt to promote a Shiite understanding of the narrative of Muhammad’s life. This, of course, triggered controversy among Sunni Muslims. Al-Azhar University demanded that “Iran refrain from releasing the movie, so that an undistorted image of the prophet can be preserved in the minds of Muslims.”
The movie is packed with miracles performed by Muhammad. This is odd because it goes against the Quran, which clearly rejects the performance of supernatural miracles by Muhammad. His only “miracle” was receiving the revelation of the holy Quran from Allah. In the Quran, Allah, of course, has the power to send down miracles, signs, and wonders, but, it appears, that he did not send any to Muhammad, and thus people wondered: “Why has no sign been sent down upon him from his Lord?” (Q 6:37). Some have even compared him to Moses, questioning “Why has he not been given the like of that Moses was given?” (Q 28:48). Indeed, Allah supports Muhammad in the Quran, but identifies him as only “a warner” without a sign (Q 29:50). This was in response to the unbelieving people who rejected Muhammad’s teaching and wondered: “If only a miracle could come down to him from his Lord (we will then believe)” (Q 13:7; see also 11:12).
In truth, the Quran uses Muhammad’s lack of supernatural miracle working as a condemnation of unbelievers, affirming that the Quran is the miracle: “Is it not enough of a miracle that we sent down to you this book [the Quran]?” (Q 29:51). This verse appears in response to Muhammad’s opponents questioning in doubt: “If only miracles could come down to him from his Lord?” (Q 29:50), and seems to establish that, in Quranic terms, metaphysical miracles are not given to the Muslim Prophet. The Quran actually indicates one of the reasons why Allah refrained from supporting Muhammad with miracles: “What stopped us [Allah] from sending the miracles is that the previous generations have rejected them” (Q 17:59). Thus, the Quran clearly and explicitly denies any association of Muhammad with heavenly supernatural miracles, signs, and wonders. If other later religious texts, nonetheless, seem to suggest that Muhammad did perform miracles, they stand in direct opposition to these verses, among many others, in Islam’s scripture.
Of course many Muslims, past and present, still assume, claim, insist, or at least wish that Muhammad did actually perform miracles, especially when they debate other faiths. In so doing, they rely on later sayings attributed to Muhammad or works written about him centuries after his death. Not only the reliability of these sources is questionable, but also their emphasis on supernatural miracles goes against the clear Quranic witness. The recent affirmation of Iran’s most expensive movie is not the first, and undoubtedly will not be the last, such advancement of a more supernatural prophet.
In the classical Muslim period, for instance, Muslim authors decided to write the Biography of Muhammad, a century or two after his death, and added various miraculous elements, such as him feeding crowds after the multiplication of food, healing sick people, and even manifesting authority over nature. The similarities with pre-Islamic sacred writings are evident. There was a need (as Islam presented itself in a multi-religious context in the conquered lands) of a specific depiction of Muhammad with certain characteristics that appealed to that era.
In fact, four centuries after Muhammad’s death, some Muslim writers, like Abu Nu‘aym al-Isfahani and Ahmad al-Bayhaqi, expanded a genre of Muslim writing, Dalā’il al-nubuwwa (The Signs of Prophethood), detailing extensive accounts of metaphysical miracles attributed to Muhammad as proofs of his prophethood. This genre in particular aimed at expounding and defending his prophethood by adducing selected incidents and specific references from Biblical (apocryphal and canonical) books. Apparently, the milieu of the writing of these texts involved apologetic and polemic discourses with rival religions that existed long before Islam. If Jews had Moses splitting the sea and Christians had Jesus raising the dead, Muslims needed a miraculous Muhammad—never mind that the Quran seems to insist that the only miracle brought by Allah to Muhammad is a religious book.
Not only in the Classical Muslim period, but also today, it appears, the political situation and the requirements of contemporary religious discourse dictate a new reality. With the rise of militant and extremist groups claiming to follow clear Islamic tenets supported by Muslim sacred texts, there is a need for an alternate depiction of the early years of Islam and its major figures. The goals of the filmmakers determine their portrayal, even if it goes against Islam’s scripture and “historical” Muslim accounts. It all comes down, as the film director posits, to their insistence of depicting that “Islam is a religion of peace, friendship and love.” While radical Muslim groups like ISIS use ancient religious texts to support their horrific deeds, others violate historical and scriptural witness to promote a more appealing version of Muhammad.
We notice this article was written no doubt by a global banking 1% freemason/Greek telling us ISIS is Muslim when we know ISIS is global 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS 5% civil unrest/civil war freemason/Greeks.
Ayman S. Ibrahim is Post-Doctoral Fellow of Middle Eastern History at Haifa University and Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies and Senior Fellow for the Jenkins Center for the Christian Understanding of Islam at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. Follow him on Twitter: @al2ostaz
'What were 12 disciples following Christ around a small region became the 12 tribes of israel at the same time israel empire was breaking up'.
Below we see an article written to make us believe that over 3000 years there may have been TINKERING-----but those men inspired to write those TEXTS/BOOKS that made it into our BIBLE ----our TORAH----our KORAN were all GOD-BREATHED.
'When God originally inspired men to write His Word, it was God-breathed and inerrant (2 Timothy 3:16-17; John 17:17)'.
We are told one of the few statements in BIBLE actually GOD'S WORD is GOD telling JESUS he is GOD'S SON. Jesus felt the burden of being that protector of GOD'S CREATION EARTH and HUMAN but he remained humble, true to MOSAIC TEN COMMANDMENTS and that is a story we can believe.
WAS JESUS A CARPENTER? WAS THE TRINITY OR EUCHARIST TRUE? WHERE DID MARY FALL IN ALL THESE STORIES? DOES IT MATTER to our 99% of WE THE PEOPLE knowing from early religious times that our PROPHETS were common people tapped by GOD to be our protector?
'History of Joseph the Carpenter
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
New Testament apocrypha
The History of Joseph the Carpenter (Historia Josephi Fabri Lignari) is a compilation of traditions concerning Mary (mother of Jesus), Joseph, and the "holy family," probably composed in Byzantine Egypt in Greek in the late 6th or early 7th century, but surviving only in Coptic and Arabic language translation. The text gives support to the doctrine of perpetual virginity of Mary.
They took it ill that one brought up amongst them as a carpenter should set himself up as a prophet and a teacher; just as there are those in every age who are apt to take it amiss if they see any one spring from a trade into the doctor's chair. But these Nazarencs knew not that Jesus was the Son of God, who of his great love for man vouchsafed to take a low estate, that he might redeem us, and teach us humility by his example. And thus this humility and love of Christ, which ought to have excited their admiration and respect, was a stumbling-block to them, because they could not receive it, or believe that God was willing thus to humble himself'.
GOTQUESTIONS.ORG FAKE NEWS.
'2002-2018 Got Questions Ministries. All rights reserved'.
Oh, yeah------let's trust a BUSH ERA fake religious right freemason organization for REAL discussions on our early religious movements.........
Has the Bible been corrupted, altered, edited, revised, or tampered with?
Question: "Has the Bible been corrupted, altered, edited, revised, or tampered with?"
Answer: The books of the Old Testament were written from approximately 1400 B.C. to 400 B.C. The books of the New Testament were written from approximately A.D. 40 to A.D. 90. So, anywhere between 3400 to 1900 years have passed since a book of the Bible was written. In this time, the original manuscripts have been lost. They very likely no longer exist. Also during this time, the books of the Bible have been copied again and again. Copies of copies of copies have been made. In view of this, can we still trust the Bible?
When God originally inspired men to write His Word, it was God-breathed and inerrant (2 Timothy 3:16-17; John 17:17). The Bible nowhere applies this to copies of the original manuscripts. As meticulous as scribes were with the replication of the Scriptures, no one is perfect. As a result, minor differences arose in the various copies of the Scriptures. Of all of the thousands of Greek and Hebrew manuscripts that are in existence, no two were identical until the printing press was invented in the A.D. 1500s.
However, any unbiased document scholar will agree that the Bible has been remarkably well-preserved over the centuries. Copies of the Bible dating to the 14th century A.D. are nearly identical in content to copies from the 3rd century A.D. When the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered, scholars were shocked to see how similar they were to other ancient copies of the Old Testament, even though the Dead Sea Scrolls were hundreds of years older than anything previously discovered. Even many hardened skeptics and critics of the Bible admit that the Bible has been transmitted over the centuries far more accurately than any other ancient document.
There is absolutely no evidence that the Bible has been revised, edited, or tampered with in any systematic manner. The sheer volume of biblical manuscripts makes it simple to recognize any attempts to distort God’s Word. There is no major doctrine of the Bible that is put in doubt as a result of the minor differences that exist between manuscripts.
Again, the question, can we trust the Bible? Absolutely! God has preserved His Word despite the unintentional failings and intentional attacks of human beings. We can have utmost confidence that the Bible we have today is the same Bible that was originally written. The Bible is God’s Word, and we can trust it (2 Timothy 3:16; Matthew 5:18).
Meanwhile, today while MOVING FORWARD CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA working as ROBBER BARON global 1% OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS BEOWULFS sacking and looting our US treasuries and our 99% of people's pockets-------we see with MOVING FORWARD a privatization of all that is PUBLIC SPACE-----you know, back in early religious times when Christian religions took the path of SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE and went with GREEK democratic republic structures for our governance, laws, legislative branches.
When we allow the OLD WORLD KINGS AND QUEENS' CATHOLIC CHURCH come back from DARK AGES to kill our AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT 99% of WE THE PEOPLE governance structures which we tried to create back in early religious movements-----WE ARE ALLOWING HISTORY TO REPEAT ITSELF OVER AND AGAIN.
MEDIUM is a global banking 1% KINGS AND QUEENS media outlet pushing ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE public policy. The only RE-IMAGINING of PUBLIC SPACE happening in US CITIES DEEMED FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES like this article tagging DETROIT---DETROIT is BALTIMORE----is that complete privatization of our 99% public space and voice back to being only a global 1% and their 2% having that power along with extreme wealth.
THE CORRUPTIONS OF OUR RELIGIONS ARE WHAT HAS CREATED THESE GLOBAL 1% AND THEIR 2% EXTREME WEALTH EXTREME POWER SACKING OF CIVIL SOCIETIES HISTORY. LET'S GET RID OF CORRUPT RELIGIOUS STRUCTURES AND GET BACK TO OUR EARLY RELIGIOUS ROOTS.
Reimagining the Civic Commons
May 17 at 8:23am · Our shared public assets, when revitalized and connected, have the power to influence positive social outcomes. We’ve developed a new measurement system for our civic commons, to ensure that our parks, libraries and trails foster a more engaged, equitable, sustainable and economically vibrant community.
Cc: JPB Foundation, Knight Foundation, The Kresge Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, City Observatory, Interface Studio LLC, Akron Civic Commons, Rebuild Foundation, Detroit Civic Commons, The Fourth Bluff, Civic Commons PHL
Image credit: David C. Sampson
GLOBAL CORPORATE CAMPUS SUSTAINABILITY IS OPPOSITE OF REAL 99% WE THE PEOPLE SUSTAINABILITY.........all of these NGOs are global banking 1% KINGS AND QUEENS
'JPB Foundation, Knight Foundation, The Kresge Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, City Observatory, Interface Studio LLC, Akron Civic Commons, Rebuild Foundation, Detroit Civic Commons, The Fourth Bluff, Civic Commons PHL'
Director, Civic Commons Learning Network; cities, civic commons and importance of place in our lives
Measuring what matters in the commons
Stony Island Summer Pop Up on the North Lot of the Stony Island Arts Bank, Chicago, 2017. Photo: David C. Sampson.
You see it in the news every day. Nearly every trend line shows that the U.S. is a country in the grips of increased polarization, segregation, social isolation and economic inequality. Trust in free fall.
There is an urgent need to reverse these trends. And one way to start is through reconnecting people, not online, but in place through our shared civic assets.
What would a city look like that was putting every single one of its assets to work to connect people of all backgrounds? Can we recast our public places to cultivate trust and counter the trends of social and economic fragmentation?
These are animating questions for Reimagining the Civic Commons demonstration teams in Akron, Chicago, Detroit, Memphis and Philadelphia who are working closely with people in local communities to foster these social outcomes:
- Civic Engagement: building a sense of community that brings people of all backgrounds back into public life as stewards and advocates shaping their city’s future.
- Socioeconomic Mixing: creating places where everyone belongs and that generate opportunities for shared experience among people of all incomes and backgrounds.
- Environmental Sustainability: Increasing access to nature and creating environmentally friendly places easily reached by walking, biking or transit.
- Value Creation: Encouraging additional investments in neighborhoods to foster local businesses and change the perception of safety, while maintaining neighborhood affordability.
If we are serious about the outcomes, then we must have more than good intentions. We must also measure to understand if we are having impact.
And yet when you look at standard performance metrics for our shared civic assets, the parks and libraries that could be ground zero for fostering empathy and trust, you generally find people measuring operations. You see data points like “number of acres mowed” or “number of books in circulation.” There is little, if any, measurement of potential social impact.
While these operating figures may be useful to managers and their departments, these metrics give no indication that these assets have the potential to address the challenges we face as a nation. If you indeed “manage what you measure,” then we clearly need a new measurement system for our civic commons.
A new system that measures what matters.
In 2016, as the Reimagining the Civic Commons publicly launched we initiated a collaboration with learning partners City Observatory and Interface Studio to begin to design a measurement system that could start to capture the social impacts of the civic commons.
Reimagining the Civic Commons presents a new measurement system for capturing the impact of civic assets.
We aren’t the first to reach the conclusion that measuring public places matter. So in developing this new measurement system, we looked to the work of urban thought leaders like Jan Gehl and William Whyte for insights, as well as practitioners actively collecting metrics to inform their management like University City District’s The Porch at 30th Street Station. We also referred to existing survey tools from sources such as the General Social Survey and Pew Research Center.
Building on this work that came before us, we have designed a system to analyze the impacts of Reimagining the Civic Commons on the sites and in the neighborhoods that surround them. We are tracking progress on a number of metrics that roll up to our social outcomes over time. We believe this data-driven approach offers a new method for determining the multi-faceted value of reinvesting in civic assets. It will provide evidence of the societal benefits of a connected set of public places — benefits that matter.
With the data we gather, we aim to:
1. Learn how a healthy civic commons supports more resilient, less fragmented cities and neighborhoods
2. Demonstrate how investments in connected sets of civic assets impact engagement, equity, environmental sustainability and economic development
3. Build the rationale for further investment in revitalized and connected public places
The measurement framework is designed to demonstrate progress toward our four main goals. Within each goal are three to four signals: real-world indicators that relate to the project’s overarching objectives. For example, the signals for the civic engagement goal are public life, stewardship and advocacy, and trust. That means if more people engage in public life, become stewards of or advocates for the civic commons, and express trust in others, that indicates that civic engagement is on the rise.
Each signal is associated with one or more metrics designed to measure change on everything from diversity of visitors to voting participation to perceptions of a neighborhood. To understand changes in safety, for example, we will measure three metrics: perception of neighborhood safety, female site visitorship and neighborhood crime rate. In total, we are gathering data on 65 metrics.
The data collection process includes tools to understand impacts at the site, neighborhood and city level.The data collection process takes us into the public places and the neighborhoods nearby to understand how visitors are interacting with each place — and how the place is supporting a more engaged, equitable, sustainable and economically vibrant community. Alongside survey tools and observation maps, we also use publicly available data and in-depth analyses to evaluate the changes over time.
IF THIS SOUNDS LIKE BALTIMORE'S CITY STAT CREATED BACK IN 1990s =====IT IS. HOW DOES BALTIMORE LOOK AFTER THESE FEW DECADES OF CITY STAT? VERY MUCH DARK AGES GLOBAL 1% HAVING ALL THE CONTROL OF GOVERNMENT, ECONOMICS, CIVIC SPACE ALL PRIVATIZED.
Baseline data is just the start.
After conducting data collection and analysis over the past 18 months, the baseline data is in. The baseline metrics reports for Akron, Chicago, Detroit and Memphis reveal the existing conditions in each city at the beginning of the three-year initiative. Teams will go back out this spring and summer to collect interim measures, which will be reported against baseline next year. Then a full suite of measurement will happen again in 2019 so that we can begin to assess change over time.
Sample page from the Memphis Baseline Metrics Report.The measurement framework offers the full list of metrics and the sources for each data point, and the baseline reports offer details on how the metrics are analyzed and the insights they can deliver. In addition, the appendices of each report share the methodology employed for data collection.
Metrics for your own work.In the coming months we will release an open-source toolkit for measuring the impact of improvements to civic assets — an easy-to-use system that can be used to measure and improve the performance of civic assets in your community on outcomes that matter.
Lock 2 ambassadors of Akron Civic Commons.
We believe that our shared public assets, when revitalized and connected, have the power to influence positive social outcomes and serve as a solution to the challenges of our time. And we’ve set out to prove just how investments in the civic commons can move the needle towards progress. Stay tuned as we report back on what works, and how other communities can adopt these measures to create more equitable, engaged, environmentally sustainable and economically healthy places.
If you would like more information about Reimagining the Civic Commons’ metrics system, please contact Bridget Marquis, Director, Civic Commons Learning Network.
Reimagining the Civic Commons is a collaboration between The JPB Foundation, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, The Kresge Foundation, The Rockefeller Foundation and local partners.