WHAT IS MEANT BY THE TERM 5G?
G stands for generation identifying stages of development in installing technology needed to meet the goals of SMART CITIES. We have been at 4G these several years and global 1% are MOVING FORWARD as hard as possible to 5G. When we listen to marketing on media we simply assume it is going to provide a better service when MOVING FORWARD 99% of citizens will have no access to any of this service and will be totally controlled by this service.
5G is tied to SPECTRUM development in MICROWAVES increments. Remember from high school science what that full spectrum includes
The electromagnetic (EM) spectrum is the range of all types of EM radiation. Radiation is energy that travels and spreads out as it goes – the visible light that comes from a lamp in your house and the radio waves that come from a radio station are two types of electromagnetic radiation. The other types of EM radiation that make up the electromagnetic spectrum are microwaves, infrared light, ultraviolet light, X-rays and gamma-rays.
You know more about the electromagnetic spectrum than you may think. The image below shows where you might encounter each portion of the EM spectrum in your day-to-day life.
The electromagnetic spectrum from lowest energy/longest wavelength (at the top) to highest energy/shortest wavelength (at the bottom). (Credit: NASA's Imagine the Universe)
Radio: Your radio captures radio waves emitted by radio stations, bringing your favorite tunes. Radio waves are also emitted by stars and gases in space.
Microwave: Microwave radiation will cook your popcorn in just a few minutes, but is also used by astronomers to learn about the structure of nearby galaxies.
Infrared: Night vision goggles pick up the infrared light emitted by our skin and objects with heat. In space, infrared light helps us map the dust between stars.
Visible: Our eyes detect visible light. Fireflies, light bulbs, and stars all emit visible light.
Ultraviolet: Ultraviolet radiation is emitted by the Sun and are the reason skin tans and burns. "Hot" objects in space emit UV radiation as well.
X-ray: A dentist uses X-rays to image your teeth, and airport security uses them to see through your bag. Hot gases in the Universe also emit X-rays.
Gamma ray: Doctors use gamma-ray imaging to see inside your body. The biggest gamma-ray generator of all is the Universe.
At one end of spectrum is microwaves being the longest in length but very powerful ---gamma being shortest in length. We have been taught in school the dangers of microwaves and how they harm the body---so, any electromagnetic spectrum outside what our EARTH surrounds our bodies with begins to place stress and often that leads to disease or dysfunction of cells. Our EARTH's atmosphere acts as a filter to most spectrum not tied to visible light---protecting us from those extremes at gamma and microwave length. So, microwaves are found mostly at the furthest of Earth's atmospheric layers LUCKY FOR WE THE PEOPLE. The science of 5G is using microwave length and its power to boost technology capability. Visible light penetrates windows blocked by building materials-----microwaves because they are so long have a hard time penetrating any structural material.
The electromagnetic spectrum consists of waves of many wavelengths ranging from very long wavelength radio waves to very short wavelength gamma rays. Visible light, consisting of short wavelength waves, is placed near the middle of this spectrum.
Visible light can pass through window glass, but a solid wall will absorb a portion of the light and reflect the remaining portions. Scientists would say that glass is transparent to visible light, but a wall is opaque.
Since the atmosphere is transparent to visible light (while absorbing some of the light), astronomers who use telescopes can see things from far away using visible light to form images.
Earth's atmosphere, however, acts an opaque barrier to much of the electromagnetic spectrum. The atmosphere absorbs most of the wavelengths shorter than ultraviolet, most of the wavelengths between infrared and microwaves, and most of the longest radio waves. For radio astronomers this leaves only short wave radio to penetrate the atmosphere and bring information about the universe to our Earth-bound instruments. The main frequency ranges allowed to pass through the atmosphere are referred to as the radio window. The radio window consists of frequencies which range from about 5 MHz (5 million hertz) to 30 GHz (30 billion hertz). The low-frequency end of the window is limited by signals being reflected by the ionosphere back into space, while the upper limit is caused by absorption of the radio waves by water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. As atmospheric conditons change the radio window can expand or shrink. On clear days with perfect conditions signals as high as 300GHz have been detected.
When we hear citizens shout against SMART METERS for home energy and water ----this is what they mean by harmful microwave exposure----the SMART CITIES policies have a goal of creating environments surrounding people filled with microwave transference. Global 1% say---OH, DON'T WORRY ABOUT THAT---IT WILL NOT HARM YOU. Global 1% cannot build SMART CITIES without 5G----and we cannot have 5G without using microwave spectrum.
The science these few decades of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA was---how to move all that microwave captured in outer atmospheric layers down to Earth's surface to power 5G. So goes all those 'conspiracy theories' around chem trails, aluminum, HAARP, filling that ionosphere with NANOBOTS all tied to building structures to do just that.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The ionosphere (/aɪˈɒnəˌsfɪər/) is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km (37 mi) to 1,000 km (620 mi) altitude, that includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere. It is ionized by solar radiation, plays an important part in atmospheric electricity and forms the inner edge of the magnetosphere.
We agree with people shouting against all this---it is bad--it is harmful---but we need to STOP MOVING FORWARD SMART CITIES as a policy before we can stop these 5G goals. You cannot support 5G and be against these harmful research structures.
We discussed GATEWAY PHARMA ----gateway meaning our medical corporations were actively creating medical treatments that ended causing more medical damage which they then profited in treating. These practices soared during CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA---and 5G will cause far more public health crises than ROBOTIC MEDICAL PROCEDURES will cure.
We are being told all development of 5G remains at the end of microwave spectrum less harmful to humans =====there is an arbitrary point supposedly that creates a line between benign and harmful......OH, REALLY?????
'Our natural rhythm is close to the Schumann resonance of the earth, which is 7.83 Hz. When we send 5G over frequency bands we are not talking about hundreds, not thousands, not millions, but actually billions of times 7.83 Hz'!
How harmful is 5G for your health?
Last Update: August 31, 2017
How harmful is 5G for your health?
5G was used by the military for pain-inflicting crowd control
Electromagnetic technology to induce unpleasant burning sensations on the skin as a form of crowd control.
Companies seduce you with slogans as:
"Ericsson and IBM announce big 5G breakthrough"
"5G starts with chips like in IBM and Ericsson's silicone antenna"
"Forget 5G, the new Terahertz band can transport 100Gps to data"
"AT & T work on wireless 5G network by virtue of Air Gig "
And they all work on it without a thorough investigation how harmful this is for human and nature.
Our natural rhythm is close to the Schumann resonance of the earth, which is 7.83 Hz. When we send 5G over frequency bands we are not talking about hundreds, not thousands, not millions, but actually billions of times 7.83 Hz!
28 GHz is 28 billion (28 billion) cycles per second! We have electronic devices that work in the THz band (terahertz, which is trillion Hertz). This is completely out of balance, disharmonious and completely irresponsible. It will be disastrous for our natural energy fields.
FCC: intimidating press, suppressing science at "5G" announcement
To look at the date of this video, it's already 5 OVER 12.
Results of high frequencies:
Immune system disorders
Skin rash and cancer.
When you read on a leaflet that you can get these symptoms from taking a medicine, would you take it?
No of course not, it's worse than the illness itself!
Then why do we let those companies build 5G networks all around us?
There is an urgent need to evaluate 5G health effects, before millions are exposed. We need to know if 5G increases the risk of skin diseases such as melanoma or other skin cancers. BEFORE it's mounted on every transmission tower.
This issue will be subject to extremes in points of view---please take time to understand what is a critical public policy stance all tied to SMART CITIES goals.
Today's scientists moving forward 5G technology are developing all kinds of ways and structures to act as antennae and reflectors to transfer microwaves to Earth's surface and then the CABLES to carry that energy. We see them in boxes being placed onto all telephone poles, buildings, schools, high rise office and apartment buildings----and we are not really being told what those boxes are doing----many think they are SURVEILLANCE----sometimes boxes for both are being installed.
When we hear of technology placing SMART METERS on trash cans----SMART technology on our clothing----all this WI-FI in our homes and cafes are acting as receptors and transmitters of these microwaves thus creating that inflated 5G energy capacity. It is far more complex than this----this is a generalization.
So, our city council and MAYOR OF BALTIMORE states we will have SMART METERS=====they state we will have WI-FI EVERYWHERE------we will have clothing sold in stores with SMART technology attached making WE THE PEOPLE THE 99% walking microwaves transmitters----
AND WE THINK THIS IS ALL GREAT BECAUSE 5G IS REALLY NEAT AND WILL CREATE JOBS.
November 2, 2016
Living in a 5G World: Wireless Pollution is Getting Out of Control
by Lynne Wycherley
In Drowning in a Sea of Microwaves, the late geneticist Dr Mae-Wan Ho – a visionary voice who opposed GMOs – identified pollution from wireless technologies as a pressing issue of our times.
Noting evidence for “DNA damage … cancers, microwave sickness, [and], impairment of fertility”, she concluded: “Evidence is emerging that the health hazards associated with wireless microwaves are at least comparable to, if not worse than, those associated with cigarette smoking.”
Since the advent of radar, followed by mobile phones and dense WiFi networks, such anthropogenic radiation has sky-rocketed. Although it is non-ionising, and does not destabilise molecules directly, evidence of other harm has been growing since 1950s studies on radar workers.
According to the updated Bio-initiative Report (2012+) by 29 precautionary scientists, effects on biology feature in several thousand, peer-reviewed papers. Yet troubling new findings rarely filter into the media. Or global Green discourse.
Though many studies have reported ‘no significant effect’, research by University of Washington biology professor Henry Lai, and others, reveals that wireless-industry funding is far more likely to yield such findings.
“Toujours ils créent doubte” (‘they are forever creating doubt’), explains former Luxembourg Green MP Jean Huss, whose research on the wireless industry inspired the Council of Europe to call for many precautions (2011), including protection of warning scientists, and wired internet in schools.
But wireless-product marketing has a loud voice. Few of us realise that genetic effects and free radical damage – both disease risks over time – are the most common, cautionary findings. Device-crowded spaces, such as our peak commuter trains or all-wireless classrooms, may be creating a subtly toxic environment.
Wide-ranging, oxidative harm to animals has been found from WiFi sources. And linked pre-diabetic and pre-cancerous changes. Ground-breaking work by biochemistry professor Martin Pall, Washington State University – winner of eight international awards – reveals a viable mechanism for such harm. But as with other ‘inconvenient truths’, it is going unheard.
Bee-whispers: the sensitivity of life on Earth
Life’s exquisite electro-physiology is still being discovered. Researchers at Bristol University reported in May that bees’ hairs are highly sensitive to flowers’ delicate EMFs. In controlled trials in Switzerland, bees reacted to mobile-phone signals with high-pitched ‘piping’: a cue to desert a hive.
Other studies show that mitochondria, the tiny power houses in our cells, are at risk from our new EMFs. And that even DNA, in its delicate antenna-like structure, may be frequency-sensitive.
The long-term, ecological implications of our new, anthropogenic radiation are not known. But peer-reviewed studies revealing harm to birds, tadpoles, trees, other plants, insects, rodents and livestock, offer clues.
Biology professor Lukas Margaritis, at Athens University, for example, uncovered harm to fruit flies from just a few minutes’ exposure to our everyday wireless devices, including cordless phones, Bluetooth, and even digital baby monitors. Reviewing research, India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests warned that sensitive habitats may need some protection.
The UK’s Digital Economy Bill, about to receive its final seal, has sensible proposals for increasing country-wide access to fibre broadband: a technology that does not, in itself, stoke microwave pollution, though wireless add-ons do so. But probe beyond the bill to Ofcom’s 5G consultations, and new EMF exposures emerge: part of global trend.
The worldwide rush towards 5G or ‘fifth generation’ wireless rollouts is set to raise our pulsing pollution to new levels. Untested, high microwave frequencies are being lined up to increase bandwidth, automation, and usage – at great profit to the industry.
These millimetre and centimetre waves, though too weak to heat us, may pose possible risks to our skin, and deeper surface tissue, including that of plants. High-density transmitters are envisaged. A troubling prospect for the many hundreds of patients seen by professor Dominique Belpomme‘s clinic in Paris: patients whose disabling symptoms from wireless technologies are supported by new brain scans and blood tests.
A delegation of scientists have petitioned for such electrosensitivity to be recognised as an environmentally-induced illness, with an International Disease Code (2015).
Rip-tides: when profits outpace caution
Pushing for fast rollouts, the wireless industry is also in conflict with the Internatonal EMF Scientists’ Appeal to the United Nations. Signed by 223 scientists from 41 nations, it calls for remedial action – such as new safety limits, wave-free zones, and education of doctors – to protect our DNA, fertility, and nervous systems, plus children and pregnant women, from growing wireless exposure. And from rising, mains-electricity fields.
Signs that such caution may be needed are growing. The pulsed, polarized, microwaves used by wireless technologies pose more biological risks than smooth or natural waves. Weak millimetre waves have a known potential to increase antibiotic resistance: what ecological effects might they risk, perhaps, if used universally?
Studies also reveal a risk to skin pain receptors. Published associations between radio–masts and skin cancers, though at lower frequencies, plus mobile-phone masts and EMF-sensitive cancers (Adilza Dode, Minas Gerais University 2013), raise further questions.
In his summer press conference, Tom Wheeler – former head of the CTIA, the vast telecoms lobby- group, and controversial chair of the Federal Communications Commission – proposed unbridled “massive deployment” of commercial 5G transmitters, taking off in 2020.
Anticipating “tens of billions of dollars” of economic growth, with US telecoms “first out of the gate”, he warned “Stay out of the way of technological development! Turning innovation loose is far preferable to expecting … regulators to define the future”.
With no mention of health-testing, carbon costs, or corporate responsibility, the FCC voted unaminously to go ahead by releasing swathes of untested high frequencies for private sector exploitation – so setting a trend. To questionable ends: added to other issues, how will our communities be affected by addiction to 5G multi-stream videos? How will it impact our spiritual communion with Nature?
Many American health activists, and cautioning scientists, are aghast. Dr Joel Moskowitz, director of community health studies at the University of California, warns “precaution is warranted before 5G is unleashed on the world”.
Former government physicist Dr Ron Powell points out the plans “would irradiate everyone, including the most vulnerable to harm from radiofrequency radiation: pregnant women, unborn children, young children…the elderly, the disabled, and the chronically ill… It would set a goal of irradiating all environments”.
Fracking the air? Fault-lines in safety
This drive to mine the electromagnetic spectrum come-what-may has echoes of fracking, and other headlong trends. In Captured Agency, the Harvard ethics report on the FCC, and the wider wireless industry, Norm Alster exposes ruthless “hardball tactics”, supported by “armies of lawyers”, at expense to our health.
Microwaves, Science and Lies (2014), filmed by Jean Hêches across Europe, exposes similar patterns that are driving our pulsed radiation to risky levels. Western “safety limits”, based only on high levels that heat tissue, far exceed those of Russia, China, and some other nations.
Professor Yuri Grigoriev, long-serving chair of Russia’s non-ionising radiation protection body (RNCNIRP), warned the UK’s Radiation Research Trust “ionising radiation is monitored…[but] levels of non-ionising radiation are constantly increasing and ubiquitous: it is out of control … Urgent action is needed”.
Stealthy pollution-raisers, such as the 5G Internet of Things – with 30 billion tiny transmitters forecast for 2020 – and also, sadly, wireless smart-meters [1, 2*], vetoed by the American Academy of Environmental Medicine, may run counter to a cherished Green goal: that of nurturing healthy environments.
Can we manage our energy, perhaps, in more bio-sensitive ways? Court claims for wireless-meter health harm, supported by medical testimonies – including by neurology professor Andrew Marino (Louisiana) – are sweeping America. Professor Pall explains such meters’ “high intensity” microwave pulses may be more toxic than we realise: “We know from the nanosecond studies these can be very damaging”.
Data obtained by a judge revealed all-hour, house-piercing pulses every few seconds. New data-over-wiring innovations (if free of “dirty electricity”) may offer inspiring, alternative ways forward.
Chrysalis: a paradigm in waiting
To create – in Wheeler’s phrase – a global ‘5G ecosystem’ of wireless super-saturated environments, at insidious risk, over time, to living ecosystems, not least our own bodies, is dysfunctional. And spiritually disturbing. It suggests a mindset deeply at odds with the orchid-like beauty of the Earth.
But cleaner innovations, such as LiFi, ‘eco-dect-plus’ phones, and the latest fibre-optics, suggest a wiser course. A new paradigm – safer connectivity, plus more balanced use – is emerging. And reminds of other step-changes in awareness. From pesticides to organic, from smoke-filled to smoke-free.
We can accede, if we wish, to our rising, planetary smog. To safety limits as high as the moon, in many scientists’ eyes. And to wireless rollouts’ growing carbon costs. Or taking pause, we may begin to call the industry to account – plus governments lulled by it.
We may air helpful new findings, such as risks from tablet-like exposures (Alexander Lerchl, Jacob Bremens University, 2015). And stark risks from passive exposure, bared by Leif Salford, medical professor at Lund University. We may defend DNA, if we wish, from ionizing and published non-ionizing risks, just as we defend our planet.
And alongside French Green Party MPs Laurence Abeille and Michèle Rivasi, plus the interntional Baubiologie movement, we can explore electromagnetic hygiene. Uplifting possibilities for a safer, cleaner world.
They say surveillance cameras for safety we say boxes for 5G microwave transmission---they say WIFI for everyone is great we say these are simply structures capturing and transmitting MICROWAVES creating a FAKE ENERGY force covering the surface of US CITIES DEEMED FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES being made into SMART CITIES.
We shout ---please stop thinking MOVING FORWARD is neat----think about what life for our children and grandchildren will be like if we keep MOVING FORWARD.
'5G mobile networks will significantly affect both the wireless side (obviously!) and the wireline side of the global network infrastructure, as airborne bits jump to and from terrestrial wireline networks. In a previous post, I summarized the main aspirational performance goals1 of 5G, which are listed below. These formidable network performance goals are heavily predicated on the availability of fiber, and lots of it, to the cell sites'.
This United Nations agency is not working to keep global 99% safe ---it simply supports whatever standards a global 1% want to set. If the United Nations is setting AMERICA'S standards----we are not acting as a SOVEREIGN NATION.
International Telecommunication Union
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"ITU" redirects here. For other uses, see ITU (disambiguation).
International Telecommunication Union
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (French: Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
If these energy structures are allowed to replace and become the only energy structure tied to internet and energy transmissions----ergo, one must have these hyper-microwave conduits in order to access these infrastructure sources---what happens to those 99% not living inside these FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES---you know, those global 1% and their 2%?
5G wireless needs fiber, and lots of it
May 31, 2016
Senior Director of Portfolio Marketing with global responsibility for Ciena’s Packet and Submarine networking solutions
When the topic of 5G wireless comes up, your first though likely isn't about fiber networks running under the ground. But as Ciena's Brian Lavallée explains, 5G mobile networks will significantly affect both the wireless side (obviously!) and the wireline side of the global network infrastructure. In fact, 5G's formidable network performance goals are heavily predicated on the availability of fiber, and lots of it, to cell sites. Read more in Brian's post.The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) recently issued its “Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2016” report, which confirms ongoing capital investments related to fiber infrastructure that’s expected to reaching a staggering $144.2B between 2014 and 2019. One of the primary drivers for this immense capital investment into fiber infrastructure deployments comes out of thin air, in the form of tomorrow’s 5G radios.
5G mobile networks will significantly affect both the wireless side (obviously!) and the wireline side of the global network infrastructure, as airborne bits jump to and from terrestrial wireline networks. In a previous post, I summarized the main aspirational performance goals1 of 5G, which are listed below. These formidable network performance goals are heavily predicated on the availability of fiber, and lots of it, to the cell sites.
- Up to 1000 times increased in bandwidth, per unit area
- Up to 100 times more connected devices
- Up to 10Gbps connection rates to mobile devices in the field
- A perceived network availability of 99.999%
- A perceived 100% network coverage
- Maximum of 1ms end-to-end round trip delay (latency)
- Up to 90% reduction in network energy utilization
Traditionally, 2G and 3G mobile networks often used copper-based Time Division multiplexing (TDM) circuits, such as multiple bonded T1s or E1s, to connect cell sites to a nearby Mobile Switching Center over the Mobile Backhaul (MBH) network. Although this now legacy MBH architecture has indeed served the industry well for decades, it’s quickly showing its age with advent of 4G. MBH upgrades are taking place all over the world converting legacy copper-based MBH serving cell sites to packet-based transport over fiber, which enables far higher capacities to best future-proof MBH networks. The increased adoption of 4G LTE and LTE-Advanced mobile network technology is accelerating these MBH fiber upgrades, which can and will be leveraged by future 5G networks, given the almost unlimited bandwidth that fiber-based networks offer.You can examine viable options for the road ahead with our Essentials Series guide: Mobile Backhaul.
To improve the coverage, capacity, and overall Quality of Experience (QoE) of mobile users, Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) are adopting small cells, which strategically place radios closer to users. Small cells can be backhauled over copper (xDSL, HFC-based cable modems…), air (microwave, millimeterwave…), or fiber (Ethernet, PON…). All three media options are being used today, to varying degrees, with the technology choice based on economic, environmental, regulatory, and time-to-market criteria, which are often specific to the target geographic location and application. Fiber-based small cell MBH is always the preferred option, whenever and wherever possible, because the technology is scalable, secure, understood, and in many cases, the most cost-effective. However, there are indeed cases where deploying fiber simply isn’t a viable option.
The maximum theoretical download speed for LTE-Advanced (Release 8) is 300Mbps, although typical real-world download speeds are far lower at about 40Mbps, if you’re fortunate enough to even have this type of service coverage in your neck of the woods. As an increasing number of mobile users access more video-centric content for longer periods of time using increasing powerful smartphones, Radio Access Network (RAN) bandwidth demands will continue to grow, unabated.
The Math: 4G vs 5G Speeds
Today, a typical modern macrocell is served by a 1GbE packet-based optical MBH network link, although the typical traffic over this 1GbE physical connection is about 200Mbps to 300Mbps, leaving some room for growth, for 4G networks. Thus, the total aggregate bandwidth consumed by all of the concurrent mobile users to a typical macrocell is roughly equivalent to the maximum theoretical download speed of a single LTE-Advanced (Release 8) user connection. Granted, this is a rough estimate but you see where I’m going. Although current MBH networks may suffice for 4G today, the promised access speeds of 5G is likely going to overload existing MBH networks quite quickly.
MNOs connecting 3G and 4G cells, small and macro, via fiber are also laying the foundation for 5G, which has maximum theoretical download speeds from 1Gbps for high mobility users (ex. bullet train commuters) to 10Gbps for low mobility users (ex. stationary, walking). Even if the maximum theoretical download speed of 10Gbps were scaled down by 90% to 1Gbps, the entire 1GbE MBH connection to a typical macrocell today, intended to serve all concurrent 4G users, would be consumed by one bandwidth-hungry 5G user, like me.
The access network, which includes the RAN, is the one part of the global network infrastructure that still has a significant amount of copper and wireless technology deployed, which will be a problem for 5G deployments, due to the promised speeds of this new technology.
- Brian Lavallée, Director of Portfolio Solutions Marketing
It’s important to lay fiber now to small and macro cells, wherever and whenever possible, if these cell sites are to be upgraded to 5G in the coming years, as copper and air-based MBH options simply cannot scale to the immense amount of backhaul traffic that’ll be generated by a 5G RAN. Fortunately, 5G is intended as an overlay to existing 3G/4G mobile networks, meaning that for existing cells that need not be upgraded to 5G in the future, using air and copper-based backhaul options are viable options for today, and tomorrow.
Most bandwidth consumed over mobile network airwaves is related to video-centric content flowing from a distant data center located across a city, a country, or even an ocean. Our growing affinity, dependence, and downright addiction to our mobile devices has led them to being the often preferred access vehicle to online content relegating cable and xDSL modems to a more secondary role. If 5G is to be aggressively rolled out in the coming years delivering real-world access speeds significantly faster to what’s available on today’s 3G/4G networks, whatever the 5G speed will ultimately be, all parts of the wired network connected to the RAN will be affected by the deluge of content flowing to and from data centers. The only transport media capable of scaling to these demands is fiber meaning it’ll have to be available everywhere, particularly in the RAN to the hundreds of thousands of small and macro cells deployed worldwide.
5G for Fixed Broadband
Another monkey wrench in the works is using fixed 5G access as a broadband replacement technology, which some carriers are considering. Although the “mobile” part is removed once the 5G radios are installed in a residential or business premise, they’ll still have a major effect on the RAN, and every part of the network between cell sites and data centers. Deployments of fixed 5G broadband access should be quicker and easier to deploy than running cables to premises meaning the rate that bandwidth can be turned up is accelerated, which will exacerbate bandwidth pressures on all parts of the global network. Although 5G fixed access will result in less fiber required to the premise, more bandwidth is turned up faster, meaning more RAN fiber.
Essentially all metro, regional, long haul, and submarine networks today are fiber-based, meaning they can already scale to voracious DCI growth by leveraging the very latest in optical transmission technologies. The access network, which includes the RAN, is the one part of the global network infrastructure that still has a significant amount of copper and wireless (microwave/millimeterwave) technology deployed, which will be a problem for 5G deployments, due to the promised speeds of this new technology. Areas targeted for 5G coverage require lots of fiber to be successful, and not just for capacity reasons, but also to meet the other rather formidable 5G performance goals related to network diversity, availability, and coverage, since all three of these goals are achieved through a greater number of interconnected paths, of fiber. It’s rather ironic that the projected performance goals of 5G wireless will depend on the availability of wireline fiber.
In fact, the only reason we don’t have fiber connected right to our smartphones is because we’d be less mobile.
Keep in mind----the REAL left social progressives have been shouting all of this since CLINTON ERA when MOVING FORWARD SMART CITIES started all these R and D research and development----it's time to STOP MOVING FORWARD.
This article is too complex for most citizens just starting to educate on public policy but please glance through to see the connections of 5G to that of ROBOTICS and SMART CITIES ----driverless vehicles, robotic workers, robotics in medicine-----surveillance systems that are everywhere-----and we see why national media and marketing never educate what 5G means---they simply sell it is being COOL-----OFFERING LOTS OF SERVICES for WE THE PEOPLE THE 99%.
The reason global 1% are having to move to different energy spectrum from what has been the standard for centuries---the INTERNET OF EVERYTHING being SMART CITIES requires so much energy----so much need for wavelength with powerful capacity ----they are going MICROWAVE.
It was OBAMA'S FCC selling our public airwaves to global corporations---first in what was that radio and TV spectrum---but not mentioned much in news was a very selective buying of these MICROWAVE spectra. Microwave have been HEAVILY REGULATED because they are known to be hazardous----the regulations of course are disappearing---and we are getting from CORPORATE R AND D----data saying DON'T WORRY---BE HAPPY.
5G Cellular Networks Are the Future of Robotics
By Barry Manz for Mouser Electronics
Molex Flexible Microwave Cable Assemblies
Molex RF Connectors
KEMET NEC TOKIN AC Line Filters
Molex Brad M12 and M8 Cordsets
RF Wireless Technology
Driverless Cars Merge onto the Internet Superhighway
If robotics and cellular communications seem strange bedfellows, it's because the fifth generation of wireless, 5G, is the first to wirelessly address the need of such applications rather than just increasing data rates and expanding coverage like previous generations did. This incredibly ambitious standard, called IMT-2020 by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) that globally regulates them, will accomplish this by completely revolutionizing the waycellular networks are built, the devices they can connect with, the frequencies at which they operate, and the applications they serve.
Figure 1: The capabilities of future robots enabled in large measure by 5G is seemingly endless.
The fifth generation of wireless technology will pave the way for a new generation of robots, some free to roam controlled via wireless rather than wired communications links and exploiting the vast computing and data storage resources of the cloud. Armed with these capabilities, robots can be precisely controlled dynamically in near real time, and be connected to people and machines locally and globally. In short, 5G will fully enable applications such as the "factory of the future" and many, many others that were previously beyond the capabilities of both cellular and robotics technologies.
But Will They Still Need Us?
There's a lot of controversy these days about robotics and how along with artificial intelligence they will come to rule the world, with draconian prospects for humanity. The champions of robots believe they will complement people rather than replace them, and perform some functions that humans aren't very good at anyway. Antagonists believe that robots will take the place of humans in manufacturing and other industries, eliminating millions of jobs. Whether or not robots will ultimately look down their artificial noses at humans remains to be seen, but 5G is almost certain to let them function more efficiently and serve more applications than ever before.
Robots are already ubiquitous in manufacturing, of which the auto industry is perhaps the most obvious example, as well as in other industrial applications and increasingly in medicine. The innovations within 5G will expand their capabilities so much further that it will be necessary to expand the definition of what a robot really is. So when autonomous vehicles finally hit the streets they too will be robots, executing instructions from a vast array of sensors to make decisions and perform functions, presumably a lot more accurately, reliably, and faster than humans. Gyrocopters and other unmanned vehicles fit this category too.
To understand the synergy between 5G and robotics, there is no better example than healthcare where robotics has immense potential. Not only will robots perform mundane functions such as transferring things from place to place in a hospital, aided by 5G communications and the cloud, they will enable telesurgery in which operations are orchestrated remotely by doctors and performed locally by robots. This was demonstrated for the first time back in 2001 when an endocrine surgeon named Jacques Marescaux removed the gallbladder of a patient in Strasbourg, France, while sitting at a console in New York City, an event appropriately called Operation Lindbergh.
Flip forward to about 2025 and imagine operating rooms in one hospital populated by robots and humans connected by 5G through the cloud to surgeons anywhere on Earth who orchestrate the surgical procedures. They could be aided by specialists in one or more locations who can lend their expertise, all in real time. Fantastic though this may seem, it's just the beginning: Using virtual reality (and the ever-present cloud) it should be possible to convert an imaging scan into a virtual, three-dimensional representation of a patient.
Using this "digital clone", the surgeon would then remotely orchestrate the operation on a virtualization of the patient while one or more robots perform the actual surgery. The doctor would have a tactile yet virtual "experience" as bones, tissue, and organs will all "feel" differently. The full measure of telesurgery won't be possible for at least a decade but will continue to advance in stages as 5G and robotics mature.
So Why Not Now?
Besides the fact that the robots and the entire "ecosystem" required to enable tele-surgery and other next-generation robotic applications are still in their infancy, current 4G networks simply do not have the characteristics required to make them possible. That is, as they require virtually instantaneous response times, it will be essential to reduce a metric called latency to unprecedented levels. Latency is basically the time span between when an input is initiated at one point in a communications link and when it returns with error-free input from another point.
Current 4G LTE cellular networks have round-trip latency of about 50 ms but to enable applications like robotics the 5G standard recognizes that less than 1 ms will be required, a colossal technical challenge. Other promised benefits of 5G such as cloud computing and increasing data rates are relatively "simple" when compared to reducing latency to such a minute level, as it faces the immutable laws of physics.
To understand this, consider that the speed of light (and radio waves) is 299,792,458 m/s--in a vacuum. As the Earth's atmosphere is not a vacuum this speed is reduced by about 90 km/s, and even further by the optical fibers, terrestrial and satellite communication links, and the electronics and interconnects through which a signal must pass. So the shorter the physical distance between Point A and Point B, the lower latency time can be, and this is how 5G intends to accomplish its goal of reducing this metric to below 1 ms.
It will require the number of data centers that collectively form the cloud to be dramatically expanded geographically, as a data center in a one location is likely to be too far away from most other locations to reduce latency time to acceptable levels. This expansion, combined with data rates greater than 1 Gb/s and the use of new cellular frequencies an order of magnitude higher than those in use today will be the essential ingredients that allow distances ranging from 1 km to 100 km to be covered with sub-1 ms latency.
Although these higher radio frequencies are sparsely used today, there are nevertheless a large number of RF and microwave components available to build radio transceivers at these millimeter wavelengths. For example, theHMC341 Low-Noise RF Amplifier from Analog Devices, is a gallium arsenide (GaAs) amplifier that covers 24 to 30GHz. The amplifier is currently used in systems like point-to-point microwave radios and satellite communications terminals, but once robotic and other systems begin to use these frequencies an entirely new market will emerge. Operation at these higher frequencies requires different types of microwave coaxial cables whose tolerance between their various elements must be exceptionally precise. Molex RF cables such as the 89762 Flexible Microwave Cable Assemblies and connectors such as the company's line of SMA types are designed for these applications and operate well into the high frequency ranges used by 5G.
The Factory, Reimagined
5G will play a crucial role in creating the factory of the future, another application in which sub-1ms latency is essential. In combination with the almost limitless processing and data storage available in the cloud, 5G communications will allow robots in next-generation manufacturing environments to do far more than they can today. For example, robots will be able to exchange large amounts of information between themselves and the factory workforce, revolutionizing the "shop floor" along with other 5G enable devices such as wearables and technologies like augmented reality.
Figure 2: Industrial robots are used for palletizing food products like bread and toast at a bakery in Germany. (Source: Wikipedia)
Interference, always the bane of systems working in close proximity, may increase further as robots communicate via wireless rather than wired means. Low-frequency interference will need to be tightly controlled and filters and inductors (chokes), a staple of electrical design, will help to achieve it. The AC Line Filters and Chokes from KEMET NEC-Tokin is typical of what will be needed in large numbers in this environment.
As robots will become mobile and able to interact with people, significant increases in production throughput should be achievable along with greater product quality and operator safety. To maintain very low latency throughout this reimagined factory, it will be necessary to rely heavily on edge computing within the network. Edge computing essentially brings intelligence and functionality to the "edges" of a network where the actual applications reside, similar to what distributed computing achieved decades ago.
Although mobile robots won't need physical electrical connections to a controller, their increasing complexity will require more internal and outboard cables and connectors than ever before. Considering the environments in which they'll be working, they will have to be extremely rugged and reliable after thousands of movements. The Brad cordsets for M12 and M8 type devices from Molex are good examples, as they combine this ruggedness with resistance to harsh chemicals, high temperatures, and other hostile conditions.
Robots on the Field
The "untethering" of robots via 5G and GPS-based geolocation will allow them to perform functions impossible today. For example, in agriculture, robots could wander through fields monitoring growing conditions and sending video and other sensor information back to a computer located virtually anywhere, or even perform activities such as spraying, pruning, and harvesting. A company called FFRobotics has already developed what it calls a fresh fruit robotics harvester that combines robotic controls with image processing software algorithms that allow it to find and distinguish between salable and damaged produce as well as between fruit that is either not yet ripe or dead.
Figure 3: Not the usual vision of a robot, but robotic nevertheless, this machine can traverse fields commanded by 5G. Images and other sensor data that are returned to a command point and potentially stored, distributed, and processed in the cloud can increase crop yields and efficiency.
There's even a technology called High-throughput Plant Phenotyping (HTPP) that combines genetics, sensors, and robots that could be used to develop new crop varieties, as well as improved nutrient content and tolerance to environmental conditions. This would be accomplished using the sensors on robots to measure various characteristics and send their findings back to for analysis to scientists who could be located virtually anywhere. Other robots are being developed to plant and track seeds to improve the efficiency of farming and many other aspects of agriculture that people now perform. In the future, many are likely to be performed by remotely-controlled machines.
It's important to keep in mind that 5G won't simply transform robotics overnight, as many of the applications and technologies to achieve it are today either embryonic, in development, or just on the drawing board. Rather, 5G should be viewed as the beginning of a new era in telecommunications that fully enables robotics and many other applications for the first time. In addition, mobile robots are also a long way from being a mature technology and it will likely take years before they are massively deployed in applications ranging from manufacturing and production to agriculture, search and rescue operations, wide-ranging search and rescue operations, and many others.
In addition, 5G will require enormous levels of innovation in every aspect of the network, from development of millimeter-wave communications systems to software-defined and virtual network architectures, and new wireless access methods that make it possible for many robots to operate in a small area without interfering with each other. And of course, looming above it all is latency, which researchers must find a way to reduce to virtual insignificance.
We look how WEARABLE TECHNOLOGIES is being marketed----look----the SMART WEAR even detects CANCER-----it is built into our sportswear because that SMART APP is tracking our miles-----it is built into our shoes so we can have WIFI everywhere we walk------it is built into baby clothing as a parent monitor ------and all of these SMART clothing are being installed to attract and transmit MICROWAVES all around ground surface making humans the ANTENNAE along with BOXES ON UTILITY POLES.
Here in Baltimore and other regions of US there was a push against CELLULAR TOWERS on public schools----always of course on low-income schools as this was the early stages of
HOW TO HAVE ENOUGH ANTENNAE AND STRUCTURES TO ATTRACT AND KEEP MICROWAVES AT GROUND LEVEL.
The insult to injury for WE THE PEOPLE THE 99% is this------that SMART CITY and ROBOTICS needing all these 5G capabilities is driven by among others-----OUR MEDICAL INDUSTRY-------pretending they are aiding in new products tied to 5G while absolutely killing public health AND THEY KNOW THIS.
BALTIMORE IS GOO-GOO FOR 5G AND SMART CITIES sold by 5% to the 1% global Wall Street pols and players.
Of our UNDERARMOUR/AMAZON will lead in SMART CLOTHING----
WT | Wearable Technologies is the pioneer and worldwide leading innovation and market development platform for technologies worn close to the body, on the body or even in the body.
A Look at Smart Clothing for 2015
Products for shirts, babies, and others.
2015 will be one of those banner years when it comes to the emerging smartwatch and smartclothes market. The market across the world for smart technology products is looking to increase big time over last year’s numbers. The technology is starting to become more and more popular as consumers are actually embracing the tech and finding the functional uses for it. Health and fitness folks and coaches all across the world will be big consumers of smartclothes this year.
The following is a small look into some of the new smartclothes that are set to come on to the market sometime during the course of this year. There will be a look into some of their features and some of the positives and negatives of the products. The biggest part of them will be health related with sensors and monitors to keep track of vital signs.
Smartshirts are certainly a hot product that consumers are looking for in 2015. Here is a list of them:
Coaches of all sports, collegiate and professional, have always wanted and have experimented with different ways that they could help their athletes. One way is with biomechanics. The Heddoko smartshirt and garment is an article of clothing that keeps information in 3D. Some of the other information that the Heddoko and its apps does is it shows a person if they are putting too much pressure on a certain part of their body.
The Heddoko keeps track of your performance and it allows for you to keep track of your goals. You get real time feedback and help through the Heddoko app and get information to help you from getting injured while training. The Heddoko is in a pre-order status and consumers can sign up at their website, heddoko.com. At the current no definite price has been listed on this product but if you sign up through their website you can get updates about the status of the product. The Heddoko is for the hardcore fitness and sports trainer at heart.
Manufacturer MSRP: Not Available Yet
Where to Buy: Manufacturer Pre-Order Only
Product Page: Heddoko
The Hexoskin is another one of the popular health related smartshirts and wearables coming out in 2015. The Hexoskin can measure heart rate, breathing rate, and also can tell how much sleep you are getting and how intense your workouts are. Some of the other features that come with the Hexoskin are a battery with 14 hours of life, Bluetooth capability and compatible with iPhone, iPad, and Android, and independently verified data.
This smartshirt is made of a special Italian fabric and is machine washable. The Hexoskin has a compatible app which will store all your information and will allow for you to keep track of your workout targets. Hexoskin has garments for all members of the family. Their products range anywhere from $169 to $579 depending if you buy just one article or if you buy a complete adult men, womens, and junior set. The Hexoskin can be purchased online from their website at hexoskin.com. Again, this is a product for the extreme athlete and would not be for someone who is not into intense training.
Manufacturer MSRP: $169-$579
Where to Buy: Hexoskin
Product Page: Hexoskin
Ralph Lauren Polo Tech Shirt
The inconic Polo shirts from Ralph Lauren have now gone to the high tech world of smartclothing. The Ralph Lauren Polo Tech Shirt is able to take biosensing silver fibers woven into the shirt and have an elite product. Biometric data is stored and can be manipulated on an app through a smartphone or tablet. The shirt can track the amount of calories burned and the intensity of the movements in your workout.
The Polo Tech Shirt is composed of a moisture-wicking compression fabric which aids in blood circulation and also with muscle recovery. The Ralph Lauren Polo Tech Shirt is in a pre-order and pre-launch stage and consumers can get more information at ralphlauren.com. Again, this product is more for the hard core fitness buff in the family. Coaches from all over the world will also be after the Polo Tech Shirt in order to better test and get more knowledge on their players and athletes.
Manufacturer MSRP: Pre-Launch Stage
Where to Buy: Manufacturer Pre-Order Only
Product Page: Ralphlauren
Cityzen Sciences is a French based company that has been in the smartclothes business since 2008. They are noted for their D-Shirt which is short for Digital Shirt. Microsensors are embedded all throughout the shirt and they are able to keep track of information such as keeping track of temperature, heart beat and heart rate, and the speed and intensity of your workouts. Cityzen Sciences can also customize smartclothes for clients.
Cityzen Sciences has a clientile of amateur and professional sports athletes and they have given high praises on the customization work done by the Cityzen Sciences engineers. They are part of the French based Smart System program. It is a group of French smart technology scientists who join and meet together to work on new solutions for smartclothes. This company can be contacted at their website at www.cityzensciences.fr. for more information and updates about when the shirt will come on to the market.
Manufacturer MSRP: N/A
Where to Buy: Cityzen Sciences
Product Page: Cityzen Sciences
The biometric smartwear from OMsignal are certainly a high class and high tech product. It has all of the fitness tracking abilities and can track heartbeat and breathing. It has the compatible app in order for you to track your health and fitness information. The shirt is not very bulky and is able to keep the biometric information by using a small black box woven into the shirt.
The OMsignal has moisture control, odor control, and is also machine washable. It also has the compression feature which helps with circulation and muscle recovery. The OMsignal certainly has fashion and functionality all written on it. There is really nothing negative that you can say about the OMsignal. This would be something for those who just like to keep track of their vitals while working out but not having to pay a very huge price for it.
Manufacturer MSRP: $249
Where to Buy: OMsignal
Product Page: OMsignal
Athos is a biometric data smartclothes company that looks to be one that some major sports teams will gravitate to. One person who is promoting this product is six time NBA All Star Jermaine O’Neal. The material for the Athos smartclothes are warped knit which allows for durability and flexibility. It has a four way stretch material that allows for a person to be able to stretch however they want.
The data collection part of the Athos is called The Core. There are 14 sensors embedded throughout the shirt for EMG recording and then two each for heart rate and breathing. The shorts have 8 EMG sensor and 4 heart rate sensors. The Core is a wi-fi type device which means that there are no wires with Athos. The compatible app allows for you to track your progress and keep track of goals that you are trying to get. You can see how each muscle group is doing during a workout. Consumers can go to liveathos.com and signup through their pre-order process and get more information about the product.
Manufacturer MSRP: Manufacturer Pre-Order Only
Where to Buy: Manufacturer Pre-Order Only
Product Page: Athos
Clothing+ is a new and emerging company who specializes in wearable sensors that are embedded in clothing. The company is noted for developing the first heart beat and rate sensor for a shirt back in 1998 and then they came out with a sensor strap in 2002. Clothing+ will have all of the biometric sensors that are the norm in these types of smartclothes these days.
Adidas, Garmin, and Under Armour are just some of the major companies that Clothing+ likes to call clientile. Hosptials have also started to embrace Clothing+ as it has become a preferred way to monitor heart beat and breathing in patients. There is also the compatible app for Clothing+ which allows for the storage of data. The company is based in Finland and Hong Kong. Clothing+ can be contracted about their biometric smartclothes and the logistics about their product at www.clothingplus.fi. It is here where you can find out about pricing and also find out about their associate program where you can help sell Clothing+ products for the company.
Manufacturer MSRP: N/A
Where to Buy: Clothing Plus
Product Page: Clothing Plus
Gymi is an Australian based company and they have another very interesting smart garment. Sensors are placed throughout the shirt and it has real time sensor on the bicep and forearm of the shirt. You can see your heartbeat, reps and sets counter tool, and sensors throughout the arms and abs. There is also a duo challenge where you can go head to head in a workout with a friend and keep track of their efforts at the same time.
The Gymi shirt is washable and while it is very simple, it is very functional when it comes to fitness tracking and other internal vitals. The compatible app allows for optimal tracking of your peformances. One thing is for certain is that this shirt should be less expensive than some of the other ones who are on this list. The Gymi and their products are ideal for all active people. You are going to do nothing but improve your workouts time and time again with Gymi.
Manufacturer MSRP: Manufacturer Pre-Order Only
Where to Buy: Manufacturer Pre-Order Only
Product Page: Gymi
Smart Sensing was a company that was first mentioned earlier about the products from Cityzen Sciences. Smart Sensing is a company that comes up with the solutions and the technology for sensors and data collecting for smartclothing. Cityzen Sciences are just one company that are part of the vast amount of companies that make the company function and do what they do. Jean Luc-Errant is the brainchild behind Smart Sensing.
He and his engineers wanted to find a better way in order for people to measure their blood pressure and heart signs. Errant wanted a product that would stand up to extreme heat conditions and still be able to preserve the information that it collects. Smart Sensing will no doubt be one of the companies that will have the responsibility of making sure that biometric smartclothes will flourish in the next couple of years and beyond.
Manufacturer MSRP: N/A
Where to Buy: Smart Sensing
Product Page: Smart Sensing
Xsensio is a product that is geared more to the running community. There are monitors and sensors that are woven into this smartgarment that give ECG readings, core body temperature, and can also alert a runner if they are becoming dehyrated. Xsensio is known for making low powered smart technology but are able to still monitor and collect information for any kind of physical activity.
The company is still doing extensive research when it comes to smartclothes and they are looking to be one of the major companies worldwide when it comes to that type of technology. Xsensio is partnered with the Swiss Institiute of Technology Lausanne and they have a strong force of engineers. Product release and shipping information can be found at www.xsensio.com. This product has the compatible apps and again is for the running type ie. marathoners and other competitive running types.
Manufacturer MSRP: N/A
Where to Buy: Xsensio
Product Page: Xsensio
R-shirt is a French based company who uses a small waterproof chip that is sewn into the clothes. Depending on the needs and wants of the customer, R-shirt is able to customize to any specifications. The company is marketing their smartwear designs to people who have a vigourous office life. They market the fact that company meetings can take place from anywhere in the world. There are various easy to use apps that comes with R-shirt technology.
The R-shirt chip is also very good to use as a GPS locator for children. R-shirt’s iBeacon chip is compatible with both iOS and Android processing systems. This company produces their own clothes and can work with any other line of clothing. The R-shirt is just starting to be released to the public but an official launch date has yet to be found. The product should do well over in England and France but for American conumers.
Manufacturer MSRP: N/A
Where to Buy: R-shirt
Product Page: R-shirt
CancerDetecting Clothing.com is a company that certainly could be one that will make a huge name for themselves. Simply put, this is technology that will be able to detect the presence of cancer in a human body. The company currently has patent pending technology that will be able to see the early stages of cancer and then let the patient know exactly that. This product is still in its early stages but the potential is very endless.
It is simply putting on a shirt or bra, and the sensors will be able to detect if any cancer is present. The product has been tested on several different cancers. More information about Cancer Detecting Clothing can be found at their website. Healthcare facilities will certainly take advantage of this new technology. This product is still in its early stages and the best thing is for consumers to keep tabs on their company website.
Manufacturer MSRP: N/A
Where to Buy: CancerDetectingClothing
Product Page: CancerDetectingClothing
AIQ Smart Clothing
AiQ Smart Clothing is a company that has been around since 2009 working on combining textiles with smart technology. The company likes to market their product to all kinds of people from health and fitness to extreme sports to home care and health care. Their smartclothes are made of what is called Kings Metal Fiber, a company that is known for their fashion and functionality. Stainless steel yarn allows for flexibility and will stand up to any and all washing conditions.
The company has been able to win all kinds of technology industry awards since 2012. Again, this is one of those companies that like to deal in bulk orders and major companies. You can directly talk to representatives from AiQ Smart Clothing at the upcoming WT | Wearable Technologies Conference 2015 USA in San Francisco on July 9-10.
Manufacturer MSRP: N/A
Where to Buy: AIQ Smart Clothing
Product Page: AIQ Smart Clothing
The smartclothes market is going to be one that will be hugely focused on the heath and fitness market and the hospital and personal care market. They will all have some type of compatible app and they will have the ability to measure vitals and other stuff such as breathing and how much exertion is coming from certain muscles.
Next will be a small look at some smart technology that is aimed for the babies of the family. These new technologies should also see a big boost during the course of 2015:
Exmobaby by Exmovere
The Exmobaby by Exmovere is looking to be a market leader when it comes to smart baby monitoring technology. The Exmobaby is a smart garment that goes on a baby and then with its sensor is able to tell a person if the baby is sleeping and also be able to keep up with the baby’s vital signs. It has BlueTooth connectivity and also has 3G wireless capability. The device can be customized and have text messages and alerts sent to a parents’ smartphone so they can keep track of the baby’s status.
The main sensor in the Exmobaby is one that measures the ECG readings and also has a FM receiver that transmits data. The device has been known to use very little power which is also a very good thing. Exmobaby is for one thing and one thing only and that is for monitoring babies. This would not be used for anything else but that but for those who have kids and want an optimal monitoring system, the Exmobaby would certainly be a good product to inquire about.
Manufacturer MSRP: N/A
Where to Buy: Exmobaby
Product Page: Exmobaby
The Mimo Smart Baby and Smart Nursery system is one that is certainly to be popular in 2015 and for some years beyond. The Mimo is a small onesie type outfit for the baby that has a small turtle looking monitor on it. That monitor is the most important and integral part of Mimo. The sensor is able to track sleep status, breathing, body position, and also allows for you to listen in on the baby.
The compatible app will work with both iPhones and Android powered devices. It is there that you can get real time data and keep a certain eye on a baby. The Mimo Smart Baby System can be bought starting at $199 and a twins set can be purchased for $269. The shirt is machine washable and extra ones can be bought at shop.mimobaby.com for $29. This product is certainly a good investment for its price and goes out of its way to make sure that your child is protected and monitoring at all times.
Manufacturer MSRP: $29 – $269
Where to Buy: Mimo Baby
Product Page: Mimo Baby
Owlet Baby Care
Owlet Baby Care will have a product that should be one that consumers in the baby market should embrace big time. It is basically a smartsock that slides over the baby’s feet. The monitor will then be able to alert someone if the baby stops breathing. A compatible app will allow for a parent to check their baby’s heart beat and heart rate and among other vital information.
If something is detected to be going wrong, the parent will get an alert through their smartphone and app. The Owlet Baby Care system can also work without the smartphone app. Through BlueTooth connectivity, a person can have a BaseStation hooked up to the smartsock in order to retrieve data and information. The sock is engineered to fit any baby up to one year of age. The only drawback to the Owlet Baby Care system is that it is only iOS compatible and it will only work with any device that is running on iOS 8.0 and higher. Still, this is a very good baby monitor.
Manufacturer MSRP: $250
Where to Buy: Owlet Baby Care
Product Page: Owlet Baby Care
My Sensible Baby.com
My Sensible Baby.com is a new and upstart company that is focusing on the smart monitoring of baby’s. It is a simple sensor that can be embedded into a young baby’s clothes in order to monitor if the baby is sleeping and breathing. The good thing about this product is that it emits low energy radio signals so the transmission of data should not and will not affect a young baby.
The battery for this product is low powered and it does not use much of the battery power. A battery for one of the My Sensible Baby.com products can last for six months. This company is still in the product development stage but they can be contacted through their website at www.mysensiblebaby.com. Again, this looks to be a versatile product that you could see in baby onesies and socks. Either way, this product will be another one of those that will help the security of babies and nurseries all around the world.
Manufacturer MSRP: At Development Stage
Where to Buy: My Sensible Baby
Product Page: My Sensible Baby
MonBaby from MonDevices
MonBaby by MonDevices is a product that recently was awarded and acknowledged at the recent Consumer Electronics Show 2015 in Las Vegas back in January. The MonBaby sensor is one that is used with newborns. It has a smart button technology which is able to track the sleep patterns of young babies. The MonBaby is able to track sleep patterns, positions, and orientation and forward the information to a person or parents’ smartphone.
The MonBaby is BlueTooth 4.0 capable and has a 14 bit accelerometer. It has an antenna range of 200 feet which means that it would work very well in a large house. The smart button fits securely underneath of a child’s clothes and will work with the iPhone and any Android device. MonBaby has a data analytic team that is top notch and above most others. There are no cords which means that there is no threat of a baby choking. As MonBaby puts it, you don’t have to keep worrying about your baby and their sleeping habits.
Manufacturer MSRP: Displayed at CES 2015
Where to Buy: MonBaby
Product Page: MonBaby
These new smart technologies are certainly going to be one of the biggest parts of an emerging market and economy. Smart clothes these days are engineered to make sure that people of all ages are monitored well and efficiently and that up to date and correct information is given. Diabetic patients have seen smart socks used to monitor temperature and joint angles in case there could be something wrong. There are the various shirts out there with monitors and sensors that can give real time data and if a workout is too slack or if it is too intense. There are sites such as LikeAGlove.com which can customize smartclothes for a person by just having them put their size information into their website.
The technology for smartclothes is something that will certainly jump leaps and bounds over the next couple of years. Still, with the technology that is set to be coming on to the market along with its products, smartclothes for all members of the family should get more innovative day by day and year by year. It is certainly a market that will be around for years to come.
Here are the laws Obama's FCC put into place----if your Congressional pols were not shouting loudly against all this----if you were not educated by your 'labor and justice' organizations as to why all this is bad for 99% of WE THE PEOPLE----then we know they are all 5% to the 1% FAKE ALT RIGHT ALT LEFT and not REAL LEFT SOCIAL PROGRESSIVES.
The reason these thresholds of 24 + GHz are making news is just what we are discussing.
Now, we have shouted ALL POLICIES AND LAWS installed during CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA can be VOIDED and reversed EASY PEASY because these are ROBBER BARON POLS----nothing they are doing is LEGAL or in the interest of the AMERICAN 99% .
It makes no difference CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA spent trillions of dollars in R and D and installation of infrastructure defunding all of what was our strong community services, public trusts, worker's savings, corrupting our public education, public health funding all to go to building this---WE CAN STOP MOVING FORWARD and return to what we all know WORKS.
Mobile 5G? 24+ GHz, Here We Come!
By Laura Stefani and Mitchell Lazarus on November 8, 2015
Posted in Cellular, Deadlines, Unlicensed Operations and Emerging Technologies, WirelessWith proposed rulemaking, FCC looks to open higher reaches of spectrum for services just coming into view
The FCC wants to take us higher: into higher reaches of the RF spectrum. Anticipating the eventual arrival of Fifth Generation (5G) mobile services, the FCC has proposed to open several bands above 24 GHz for 5G: 28, 37, and 39 GHz, and possibly 24, 29, 31, and 42 GHz as well. Also on the table: extending the 57-64 GHz unlicensed band up to 71 GHz, and adding mobile applications to the 71-76 and 81-86 GHz fixed service bands.
The FCC is under pressure to keep the U.S. wireless industry competitive. A 5G standard would be significantly faster than 4G and able to handle many times the volume of traffic. A year ago, the FCC began to look at the issues with a Notice of Inquiry. Now it’s released a new Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) which aims at establishing several sets of rules for various potential users, including fixed, mobile, satellite, and “WiGig,” a high-speed unlicensed standard at 57-64 GHz modeled in some respects on Wi-Fi.
The proceeding, titled “FCC Promotes Higher Frequency Spectrum for Future Wireless Technology,” focuses on opening the “upper microwave” bands (here, 28 GHz, 37 GHz and 39 GHz) for more flexible use, including 5G hotspots. The FCC hopes this will lead to deployment of small cells and Wi-Fi-like networks for data backhaul, as well as privately deployed (enterprise) networks.
The NPRM ducks the question as to whether, or how soon, these high frequencies could actually be used for mobile applications. Today, after all, the term “5G” is little more than a marketing slogan. The operating characteristics of 5G technologies are unknown. There are no agreed-upon technical standards, and none are expected for at least a few years (according to Commissioner Pai, not until at least 2020). Still, given how long it takes to allocate spectrum, adopt licensing and service rules, and conduct auctions, the FCC is wise to take a “build it and they will come” approach.
Some of the bands under discussion have an unhappy history in terms of getting the spectrum into actual use, particularly 28, 31, 39 and 24 GHz. Each of these bands offered licenses that covered a specific geographic area within which the licensee could provide fixed microwave service for itself or sell service to others. The FCC auctioned 28 and 31 GHz together in 1998-99 for $624 million, and 39 GHz in 2000 for a respectable $411 million. By the time of the 24 GHz auction in 2004, investors had become wary: they bought only seven licenses out of 880 offered, for a paltry $216k.
WE SEE CLINTON ERA AS WHEN THESE AUCTIONED AIRWAVES SOARED AND WENT TO MICROWAVE FREQUENCIES. THIS IS WHEN DEVELOPMENT CROSSED PUBLIC SAFETY LINE....1998-2000
To encourage successful bidders to build and operate their systems promptly, the FCC required the licensee to construct facilities and offer “substantial service” within 10 years. But equipment proved difficult to procure and markets proved slow to develop. As a result, most licenses did not get built out, and their licensees requested and received multi-year extensions. The FCC supplemented its vague “substantial service” requirement with a “safe harbor” option, but that didn’t help: holders of a large majority of licenses still failed to meet the extended deadlines. Ultimately, the FCC rejected further extensions and refused renewals, in effect taking back the licenses. (One affected provider has since recovered at least some of its licenses in a court proceeding.) On the whole, the FCC’s denial of renewals brought about precisely the result the FCC had sought to avoid: large swaths of unused spectrum.
This NPRM is a “Take 2” effort to put the same frequencies to productive use.
The main difference between the mostly-failed earlier regime and the one proposed here is the addition of mobile services. Existing mobile applications, such as 3G and 4G, use much lower frequencies (below about 3.5 GHz, with the sweet spot at 0.5-2 GHz). Mobile operation above 24 GHz faces new technical and economic hurdles. Radio waves at these frequencies travel in short, straight lines and do not easily penetrate obstacles, including many types of exterior building walls. Outdoor service will need cell sites at least every few blocks. Indoor service in a typical office district will need cell sites inside every building, and because the concrete between stories will severely attenuate the signals, perhaps several on each floor. For Internet service, each of these sites must somehow be connected back to the carrier’s facilities. None of this is impossible, but it will likely prove to be much more difficult expensive than building out a conventional 4G network.
Below is a brief summary of the proposals, with the usual caveat: those interested should take a close look at the NPRM.
37 GHz Band.
The Commission proposes hybrid rules for mobile operations in this band: first, for wide area networks, an auctioned geographic licensing scheme, and second, for local area networks, a “license by rule” arrangement designed to allow private industrial or enterprise networks to serve both indoor locations and, possibly, outdoors on a campus or similar facility. (The “license by rule” approach, first used for CB radios, is a legal fiction that simply declares qualified users to be licensed. Congress has okayed this to end-run the Communications Act requirement that all radio operation be licensed. “License by rule” does not extend to so-called “unlicensed” transmitters like Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, which the FCC has, with court approval, long exempted from licensing requirements on the ground that they lack significant potential to cause harmful interference.) The FCC seeks comment on how the hybrid licensing approach should work, the proposed band plan, build-out milestones, and foreign ownership.
28 GHz and 39 GHz Bands.
The FCC proposes to authorize mobile services for these bands under its traditional geographic area licensing scheme. It would add mobile authorizations to existing licenses, and, through competitive bidding, assign new licenses that can used for both fixed and mobile operations. As with the 37 GHz band, the Commission seeks comment on such issues as the size of the license areas, the treatment of current licensees, and the proposed band plan. The Commission also is considering a Spectrum Access System similar to that adopted for the 3.5 GHz band to manage the various users, including satellite operators.
The FCC proposes to open this band, adjacent to the existing 57-64 GHz unlicensed band, for unlicensed use under similar technical rules. Due to a quirk of physics, however, the newly added spectrum will be much more useful. Oxygen molecules in the air absorb energy at 57-64 GHz. To a 60 GHz radio wave, ordinary air looks like a dense fog that blocks 98% of the energy per kilometer covered. Perhaps in part to compensate for these losses, rules for the present 57-64 GHz band allow a very high (for unlicensed) effective power of 158 kilowatts, if the operator uses a highly directional antenna. But the oxygen effect is greatly reduced in the adjacent 64-71 GHz segment, especially at the upper end, so the high transmitter power available should permit transmission of greater volumes of data over longer distances in that segment.
The satellite industry did not fare well in the NPRM. The FCC rejected the proposition that mobile broadband is incompatible with the satellite use, and also found that there are no current commercial satellite operations or even concrete plans to offer satellite services in the 28, 37, and 39 GHz bands. The FCC did propose that fixed satellite operators could acquire 28 GHz flexible-use terrestrial licenses to obtain co-primary status for gateway earth stations.
The FCC also invited comments on (but did not propose service rules for) the 24, 29, 31, 32, and 42 GHz bands, plus a possible mobile allocation in the 71-76 and 81-86 GHz fixed service bands. Commissioners Pai and O’Rielly both dissented to the NPRM in part on the ground that it does not open a sufficient number of frequency bands.
If you have a great technology that you’d like to operate above 24 GHz, now is the time to tell the FCC. Comments are due by January 26, 2016, and reply comments by February 23. File at this FCC website using Proceeding Number 14-177.