Without exception, US cities are indeed controlled by Wall Street and global development corporations that are working as hard as they can to install International Economic Zone and Trans Pacific Trade Pact policies---Baltimore has felt this for a few decades where other US cities are seeing it move in since Obama and 2008 economic crash.
IT IS CRITICAL THAT SOCIAL DEMOCRATS BE RUNNING IN ALL DEMOCRATIC PRIMARIES AT ALL LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT THIS 2016 ELECTION.
You can tell a candidate who will simply join in with Wall Street development corporations------
BY WHAT THEY DO NOT SAY.
What citizens in US cities need it a city hall that reaches into all communities for a development plan that includes the citizens already there and to keep our communities tied to the All American small business and local economy model needed for our domestic economy. If we allow global corporations come in with global investment firms buying all our our city real estate----then we will no longer be a sovereign nation----we will be a colonial corporate entity with no rights----and no longer citizens. We are already seeing that since 2008 economic crash where corporate fraud and government corruption was allowed to stand with no justice. Now it goes to moving people into third world labor and living situations where these US cities are made into autocratic global FOXCONN campuses with 90% of American citizens tied to corporate plantation enslavement.
CLINTON NEO-LIBERALS ARE TELLING US OUR STATES MUST ADOPT THIS GLOBAL MODEL TO COMPETE FOR JOBS----BUT WE DO NOT WANT GLOBAL CORPORATE JOBS---WE WANT OUR COMMUNITIES DEVELOPED WITH CITIZENS AS SMALL BUSINESS-OWNERS AND STRONG PUBLIC SECTOR AGENCY PRESENCE.
Folks----they bring all the highest paid people from outside these cities and often country-----so there are no big winners except for a few players----AND 90% BEING MADE BIG LOSERS.
Ten Cities Where Foreign Companies Create the Ten Cities Where Foreign Companies Create the Most Jobs
By Alexander E.M. Hess and Alexander Kent June 26, 2014 6:04 am EST
10. Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, Penn.-N.J.
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 6.9%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 20,776 (47th lowest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 4.7% (28th lowest)
> 2012 total exports: $4.3 billion (27th lowest)
Foreign-owned businesses accounted for 6.9% of private employment in the Allentown metro area in 2011. Additionally, a large share of area jobs brought by foreign direct investment to the area came from newly opened businesses. While exports accounted for nearly 13% of the area’s output in 2012, more than most major metro areas, export growth has been weak in recent years. Between 2009 and 2012, exports grew by just 4.7% per year, lower than in nearly three-quarters of the 100 largest metro areas. Overall output grew at an even slower pace, just 1.3% per year, in that three-year period.
9. Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, S.C.
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 7.2%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 17,198 (44th lowest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 12.2% (10th highest)
> 2012 total exports: $4.0 billion (24th lowest)
The share of private employment from foreign-owned companies in the Charleston area rose by 1.3 percentage points between 1991 and 2011, from 5.9% to 7.2%. Nearly 39% of these jobs were from foreign-owned businesses established through foreign direct investment made prior to 1991. This figure was exceptionally high, suggesting that foreign companies have been in the region for a long time. While approximately 25% of jobs in foreign-owned companies came from mergers and acquisitions since 1991, roughly 37% came from newly opened foreign businesses, among the highest rates in the country. The Charleston metro area recorded a 12.2% annual export growth rate between 2003 and 2012, more than all but a handful of metro areas.
ALSO READ: The Best (and Worst) States to be Unemployed
8. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif.
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 7.3%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 57,640 (15th highest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 10.5% (15th highest)
> 2012 total exports: $34.6 billion (10th highest)
Roughly 40% of jobs in foreign-owned businesses within the San Jose metro area from foreign investments made through mergers and acquisitions activity since 1991. Given the prominence of Silicon Valley, it is not surprising that technology’s share of employment in the San Jose metro area led the nation, at 25.7% of all jobs as of 2011. Additionally, San Jose led the nation’s 100 largest metro areas in patents awarded with 9,237, or 10.29 patents per 1,000 workers. GDP per worker, a rough indicator of worker productivity, was the highest of any major metropolitan area in 2010 and 2011. Area exports have also been on the rise. Total exports rose by 10.5% on average in the three years between 2009 and 2012, among the faster growth rates in the nation.
7. Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, R.I.-Mass.
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 7.5%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 44,273 (27th highest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 7.3% (39th highest)
> 2012 total exports: $8.8 billion (40th highest)
Employment in foreign-owned businesses in the Providence metro area jumped considerably in the last two decades, from 3.2% of all jobs in 1991 to 7.5% in 2011. Yet despite the considerable investment by foreign businesses, Providence’s economy is not especially vibrant. Between 2003 and 2012, the area’s economy grew at a compound rate of just 0.3% per year, among the slowest rates of any major city. Similarly, foreign investment did not seem to contribute to higher productivity, as Brookings’ Saha said it typically does. Worker productivity was relatively middling, at just over $91,000 per worker in 2011. Additionally, just 10% of the population had a bachelor’s degree in a lucrative science, technology, engineering or mathematics (STEM) field, placing Providence just above the median for all large metro areas.
ALSO READ: America’s Worst Companies to Work for
6. Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich.
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 7.8%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 124,420 (10th highest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 20.4% (2nd highest)
> 2012 total exports: $40.0 billion (8th highest)
The Detroit metro area has been a hotspot for foreign investment in recent decades, with foreign-owned enterprises accounting for 7.8% of private sector employment in 2011. Just over half of all employment by foreign-owned businesses came from companies that entered the Detroit economy through mergers and acquisitions conducted since 1991, the fourth highest such rate in the country. Exports have also been particularly strong, growing about 20% per year between 2009 and 2012, despite negative overall output growth during that time. The export share of total growth increased seven percentage points between 2003 and 2012, from 13% to 20.8%. A a resurgent automotive manufacturing sector has likely contributed much to export’s growth.
Ten Cities Where Foreign Companies Create the Most Jobs - 24/7 Wall St.
5. Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 8.0%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 178,005 (4th highest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 13.6% (7th highest)
> 2012 total exports: $77.8 billion (3rd highest)
More than 178,000 Houston area workers were employed by foreign-owned companies as of 2011, more than in all but three other cities. Just over half of all employment by foreign-owned businesses came from companies that entered the Detroit economy through mergers and acquisitions since 1991, the fourth highest such rate in the country. Much of the foreign investment in Houston is likely related to the area’s energy cluster, which includes a number of the world’s major energy companies. Houston demonstrates many of the benefits of foreign investment. Houston area employees were among the most productive in the nation, with a GDP per worker of nearly $125,000 in 2011. Additionally, Houston was both a large and growing exporter. The area had $77.8 billion in exports in 2012, more than all but two other metro areas. Between 2009 and 2012, exports grew at an annualized rate of 13.6%, among the highest rates in the nation.
ALSO READ: The Oldest Company Logos in the World
4. El Paso, Texas
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 8.8%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 18,540 (47th lowest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 12.1% (11th highest)
> 2012 total exports: $3.3 billion (19th lowest)
Few metro areas have experienced as much growth as El Paso in recent years. Between 2003 and 2012, the area’s economy expanded at an annualized pace of 2.7% per year, better than most of the nation’s 100 largest metro areas. Exports, too, rose considerably, growing at an annualized rate of 6.4% in that time. This growth has especially picked up following the recession. Between 2009 and 2012, exports grew by 12.1% per year, among the highest rates in the U.S. Major foreign-owned employers in the area include data and call centers, as well as automotive manufacturing companies. According to the BorderPlex Alliance, a local nonprofit promoting business investment in the region, the area is home to facilities for numerous major automotive suppliers. However, many of these businesses likely provide supplies for U.S. based companies because 2012 manufacturing export totals were relatively low, at just more than $2.2 billion.
3. Worcester, Mass.
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 9.0%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 24,624 (44th highest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 8.7% (28th highest)
> 2012 total exports: $4.9 billion (39th lowest)
According to the Worcester Executive Office of Economic Development, Worcester has turned away from its manufacturing roots in recent decades to become a leader in information technology, biotech, and healthcare. With more than 13 colleges and universities in the area, a young, educated workforce is the hallmark of this metro area. More than 33% of the area’s population had a bachelor’s degree as of 2011, while nearly 13% had a degree in science, technology, engineering or math, both higher than the vast majority of metro areas. Between 1991 and 2011, the share of employment by foreign businesses rose by 4 percentage points. Much of this was due to expansion, as 60% of area workers in foreign-owned businesses were employed by companies that entered the market prior to 1991.
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2. Greensboro-High Point, N.C.
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 9.0%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 27,036 (40th highest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 5.2% (35th lowest)
> 2012 total exports: $7.9 billion (46th highest)
The Greensboro metro area has developed a vibrant economy that entices both foreign and domestic investment, attracting Ralph Lauren manufacturing centers, APAC Customer Services, Volvo, and the Mack Truck headquarters, among other businesses. Between 1991 and 2011, job in foreign-owned businesses grew from 5.2% to 9.0% of total employment. Unlike many other major metro areas, newer businesses accounted for an especially large share of employment by foreign-owned businesses. Just 29% of employment by foreign businesses was by companies that first entered the area market before 1991, less than in most of the nation’s largest metro areas.
1. Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, Conn.
> Pct. employees at foreign companies: 13.6%
> Total employment by foreign businesses: 50,694 (19th highest)
> 2009-2012 annual export growth: 3.2% (11th lowest)
> 2012 total exports: $8.1 billion (44th highest)
Unlike other regions on this list, the Bridgeport metro area recorded some of the lower export growth rates in the country, despite foreign-owned establishments accounting for nearly 14% of private employment in 2011, a roughly 6 percentage point increase from 20 years earlier. However, the Bridgeport metro area is one of the nation’s leaders in productivity, with GDP per worker of $132,000 as of 2011. Major foreign-owned companies in the area include large investment banks UBS AG and the Royal Bank of Scotland, as well as financial news and data firm Thomson Reuters. Such businesses likely continue to attract foreign investment to the area.The area’s high concentration of investment firms may also explain the region’s large number of IPOs, for which the region was ranked fifth nationally.
Baltimore City with Hopkins and Baltimore Development have been working on this Master Plan since 1980s---and this is why the city is one big crumbling set of communities and infrastructure----they were starving the city to make way for these Asian global FOXCONN campus and global corporate business structure. Baltimore is so starved right now of any employment----all outsourced----that crime is soaring and people's rage is growing so the neo-conservative answer to this----militarized policing.
All US cities need to do is return to the social Democratic model before Reagan/Clinton neo-liberalism sent US corporations overseas with global market economies.
I remind people of how rural poverty is often different from city poverty. Using my grandparents as an example---they were poor Chesapeake Bay watermen/farmers. They owned their own house----my grandfather was a crab-potter/oysterman and both worked a sizable farm/garden with small farm animals like chickens/hens and pigs. That is what makes rural poverty exist with more dignity and stability-----they were happy and liked living simply ----IT GAVE THEM FREEDOM.
We have made the term poor into such a picture of negative living in this race to wealth atmosphere of neo-liberalism. Cities have different outcomes for its poor because all of what I listed above are missing in cities. OWNING A HOME-----HAVING A SMALL BUSINESS----HAVING A PERSONAL FOOD SOURCE. Citizens in cities instead rent from predatory landlords that take any wealth that could be accumulated----they have no source of food that is not tied to food banks or food stamps-----and they have no ability to build and maintain small businesses because cities have been captured by national and global corporations that kill small business.
BIG AG in the US killed American small farmers and this simple life to a great extent----AND WE NEED TO MAKE REBUILDING THIS CENTRAL TO ALL REBUILDING -----RURAL AND CITY.
Small farms fit
Small family farms are the backbone of a community, a nation, and of society as a whole. A landscape of family farms is settled, balanced and stable, and generally sustainable. It's the natural shape of society on the land. Such communities aggregate into strong and secure nations.
But it's difficult to find a government that thinks that way, now or ever: the history of small farms presents a fantastic picture of neglect and abuse. Maybe the family farming landscape just doesn't offer enough opportunity for the rich and powerful, and the greedy.
Compare Rome before the Punic Wars, built on a bedrock of independent yeoman farmers, with Rome after the wars, the small farms swallowed by big estates owned by nobles and worked by slaves, a mighty empire with cancer at its heart, inevitably to fall.
"The original strength of Rome, like that of China, was that of a superior family-agriculture." -- "Restoration of the Peasantries" by G.T. Wrench, Chapter 4 -- The Second Agricultural Path
"If, by some magic, we could transport ourselves back to the days of the early Latin farmers, we should see a picture of a well-populated countryside with the land divided up into a number of small farms, often not exceeding five acres in extent." -- "Reconstruction by Way of the Soil" by G.T. Wrench, Chapter 2 -- Rome
Now it's industrialized agriculture that collapses rural economies, driving the farmers into factories and city slums, fodder for economic growth and a "development" that turns a country from food self-sufficiency to a producer of commodities with massive food import bills, an economic success story that can be wrecked by a run on the foreign exchange market.
The cancer at the heart of today's mighty industrial empire is the ruin that this woefully unbalanced landscape is wreaking upon both the natural and the social environment. It's not sustainable, by any measure, as everybody knows.
Many people see no choice but to abandon technology and revert to the miserable inadequacies of primitive existence, or face life on a ruined planet. But it's not inevitable that our society should follow Rome, and fall. And anyway it turns out that most people in most so-called primitive societies (actually they were very sophisticated at what they did, and still do in many cases) were neither miserable nor inadequate: usually they lived long and healthy lives and died at a sprightly old age with perfect teeth and no sign of arthritis. (Read Weston A. Price, if you want to argue about that.)
In fact we don't need to make such miserable either/or choices, we can have it both ways.
On the one hand, there's growing evidence that the farming industry can change its ways and clean up its act, given the mounting public pressure since 1987 when "the environment" suddenly hit the headlines (for no known reason) and failed to go away again -- it seems we're not all just passive consumers after all, semi-animated lumps of sheer appetite living only for pre-packaged gratification. Now farmers everywhere are abandoning the chemicalized monocrops and livestock factory "farms" of the industrialized paradigm and adopting more sustainable methods.
Another discernible trend, with its roots going even further back, is the back-to-the-land movement. Primarily it's a change in attitude: city dwellers want closer ties with nature, with where their food comes from, with growing things. They're balcony or rooftop gardeners, backyard farmers, community gardeners, high-fliers opting out for simplicity and a more self-reliant life with real quality. And homesteaders, small farmers, family farmers.
In the US, the number of small farms is growing by 2% a year. In the Third World the focus of rural development is shifting from mechanization and the (false) economies of scale to programs that strengthen small farmers and their indigenous traditional methods.
The landscape of the future is a sustainable one of small farms and self-reliant communities, of homeworking and homeschooling and networking, of well-greened cities that are no longer a cancer upon the land, and of an industry and technology that fits, with the community and with the environment.
Social Democrats differ from Clinton neo-liberals and Republicans as to this approach of rebuilding our local food and tying citizens to this. We are hearing lots of talking points on community gardens----and non--profits tied to these community gardens-----BUT WE NEVER HEAR ABOUT COMMUNITIES HAVING LARGE PUBLIC GREEN SPACE WITH PUBLIC GREENHOUSES/SMALL ANIMAL CENTERS USED BY ALL IN A COMMUNITY!
That is because Clinton neo-liberals and Republicans hate all that is public. Social Democrats hate all that is patronage donations from corporations to non-profits because it gives people no job security or program security---it simply comes and goes while a public greening area is built to stay in a community!
Cities like Baltimore have dozens of communities de-populated and vacant buildings and lots that need to be downsized and re-purposed. The Master Plan of global corporate pols is to make all this into massive global factories and campuses BUT SOCIAL DEMOCRATS WANT TO REBUILD OUR AMERICAN CITIES AS THE LOCAL AND DOMESTIC ECONOMIES THAT HAVE EXISTED FOR CENTURIES.
Below you see a headline to what global pols want to do------
and below that what social Democrats want to do----
U.S. Cities Look To 'Sell To The Globe' To Improve Local EconomiesReuters
Posted: 01/19/2012 7:22 pm EST Updated: 03/21/2012 5:12 am EDT
Republican cities like Baltimore are doing the usual throw money at a greening project that does nothing but turn people off-----no lasting organization that comes with a permanent public structure central to community redevelopment. We can build sizable structures that allow year-long planting for the same investment as goes into downtown infrastructure development. Think of each community in Baltimore pulling out its concrete and crumbling houses to create acres of public green space with permanent greenhouse structures. Citizens could choose how to participate if they wanted----pay to have private space for your own food----by co-op and do sweat equity plus some fees for access during the year----or if you are low-income you may want to have open access to grow your own food for free. This gives everyone in a community food security---it's there if you need and want it. It is there as a food bank for those who cannot do the gardening. It is public so it continues to operate even as citizens come and go with interest.
'Deep winter' greenhouse grows veggies year-roundPeople & Places Dan Gunderson · Ashby, Minn. · Feb 3, 2014
Sue Wika, 48, enjoys her time working in the deep-winter greenhouse at Paradox Farm, especially on the really cold days. Produce grown in the greenhouse is sufficient for the farm's owners, their animals and 10 or so other families. Ann Arbor Miller/For MPR News
Yet here are green vegetables, kale and lettuce, growing in near-90 degree temperatures. They're thriving in a specialized "deep winter" greenhouse, letting farmers Tom Prieve and Sue Wika grow fresh vegetables year round -- without a crushing electric bill.
Their plants survive largely on natural winter light. Fans force rising heat down into a rock storage area, part of a passive solar heating system that captures the day's warmth and releases it at night. On cold nights, a gas heater kicks in to help keep the temperature at 42 degrees. There are no banks of artificial lights.
It's a different kind of greenhouse, mixing technology and old school ingenuity to create an energy efficient winter farm. University of Minnesota researchers say the idea is starting to take off. About two dozen deep winter greenhouses can be found now in Minnesota. Many more are in the planning stages. A deep winter growing association will soon give winter gardeners a place to share what they're learning.
A small loft offers a bird's-eye view of the deep-winter greenhouse at Paradox Farm in southern Otter Tail County not far from Lake Christina on Tuesday, Jan. 28, 2014. Temperatures inside the greenhouse vary by elevation with this thermometer indicating around 85 degrees near the peak. Paradox Farm is owned by Sue Wika and Tom Prieve. (Ann Arbor Miller for MPR) Ann Arbor Miller/For MPR NewsThe small operations can be put up and run without spending a lot of money. Wika and Prieve's $5,000 winter greenhouse near Ashby is built like a lean-to against the south wall of the barn. Clear plastic panels cover the south wall, which is slanted at a 60 degree angle to best catch the midwinter sunlight. Next year a wood stove will help fight the overnight chill.
• Link: More about the greenhouse
"I want people to know that this is a definite reality for people in northern climates," Wika says. "They can have greens in the depths of winter."
This is the second winter green plants have filled her greenhouse. Wika, the chief gardener, keeps careful records on everything growing. She says she's still learning. What plants are best suited to winter production? What soil works best? What's the most efficient way to heat the greenhouse at night? Who has the best ideas for affordable construction?
Dozens of 3-foot-long pieces of plastic roof gutter filled with soil hang from the ceiling. Rows of them are suspended from just above the floor to head high. Thick green vegetation spills over the sides.
Sue Wika's enthusiasm for sustainable food production including a deep-winter greenhouse is evident when she talks about Paradox Farm and its farming practices. Building and using a deep-winter greenhouse, which combines passive solar energy with underground heat storage, is both durable and doable, says Wika. Ann Arbor Miller/For MPR NewsOn the floor are plastic bags of soil with holes cut in them. Chinese cabbage, turnips, radishes and beets sprout from the bags. The heated rocks under the floor keep them warm.
"Today we'll harvest some red Russian kale and we'll also harvest some of this komatsuna which is another really fast growing and productive Asian green," says Wika, who praises the Asian greens as the "the real star in these deep winter greenhouses."
There are also trays of barley, looking like squares of lush green grass - a treat for the goats and cows the couple milk as part of their sustainable farming effort.
"When it comes to feeding time you just simply peel it out of there and chunk it up and they gobble it down," says Prieve, who trained as a large animal veterinarian. "It's candy, they look for it first thing when they come in and it's a more healthy form of energy than the straight grain."
In about a month, the greenhouse will be filled with young tomatoes and other plants getting a head start on the outdoor gardening season. In summer, Wika uses the greenhouse as a giant dehydrator to make sun-dried tomatoes.
Rain gutters in assorted colors and sizes provide growing space for a variety greens for both human and animal consumption. Leafy vegetables like chard, red Russian kale, Chinese cabbage and komatsuna are among those being grown in a deep-winter greenhouse at Paradox Farm. Ann Arbor Miller/For MPR NewsWika and Prieve eat fresh greens every day and they sell or trade produce to six families in the area.
There are a lot of varieties that do very well in the winter with little care. Still, Wika spends about eight hours a week planting, watering and harvesting.
"I'm in here more time than I'm working," says Wika, who holds a doctorate in sociology. "I always spend a lot of time just enjoying the sun and temperature. A lot of it is leisure and therapeutic."
The plants will keep growing. Wika expects another harvest in three weeks. "They have amazing ability for recharging," she says. "Some you might only get two harvests from, but there are some of these greens I might get four harvests from. They can be very productive."
Wika places a tray of kale on a bench and starts trimming the thick bushy plants with a sharp knife, dropping the greens into a plastic tub. As she's working, she sees Buddy Kasper peering into the greenhouse through fogged-over sunglasses. The 69-year-old drives 30 miles each week from Fergus Falls to get his fix of winter greens.
"You don't even worry about salad dressing or anything. You reach in and grab a handful and stuff 'em in your mouth," he says. "It's just all of these different flavors come together at once. It's all you need in the dead of winter."
As usual----Baltimore zoning laws currently prohibit permanent structures----but that can be changed easily. Think of the amount of acreage each community has that can be cleared of concrete and buildings and you see how much public green space is available for these public food centers.
Remember, when the poorest of citizens have access to a home, a food source, and a small business---they can live with dignity and freedom and this public space does that in cities----
So, we are going to have not only these large greenhouses----but fruit trees and small animal husbandry with the opportunity for small busnesses from caring for animals--- providing feed----butchery----and small food store owners. This one policy creates a cycle of small businesses in each community----a platform for the poorest in the community and a platform for growing a business into middle-class.
City citizens often look down to farming or animal husbandry no doubt because of agricultural plantation history but middle-class citizens are the biggest participants in co-op farming so we need to shake this feeling. Zoning laws for public spaces may not exist -------and may be different than people simply wanting animals on residential property. If this green space had barn structures for animals smell can be contained by daily cleanup and space of several acres----
This zoning issues are the greatest------no one wants the smell of farm animals near their property and it is thought to bring down house values.
Zoning Code: BALTIMORE CITY
Excerpt from Community-Managed Open Space USE STANDARDS
“Permanent structures are prohibited. However, temporary greenhouses, including high tunnels/hoop-houses, cold-frames, and similar structures are permitted to extend the growing season. Accessory structures, such as sheds, gazebos and pergolas, are also permitted.”
Excerpt from Urban Agriculture USE STANDARDS
“Greenhouses (permanent or temporary), high tunnels/hoop-houses, cold-frames, and similar structures used to extend the growing season are permitted. There is no limit on the number or square footage on these structures.”
Updated Baltimore City animal husbandry regulations now allow for bees, chickens, rabbits, and goats
Raising Your Home Chicken Flock
A successful backyard flock requires sound animal care and management. Good animal care and management includes proper planning, careful management, a biosecurity (disease prevention) plan to control diseases, and a complete and balanced adequate feeding program. The United States Department of Agriculture reported that 7% of all U.S. households own a small flock, with an average size of approximately 49 birds. There are more than 138,000 small backyard flocks in the United States.
Why Have a Small Flock?
A small flock offers the convenience of having layers for fresh eggs or broilers for poultry meat right at home. Often, backyard flocks are a hobby or a learning experience for 4-H or FFA projects. Poultry can be exhibited at county and state fairs and poultry shows. There is also the pleasure of observing different shapes and colors in a backyard flock. Poultry may include chickens (large or small), bantams, geese, ducks, turkeys, game birds and guineas.
Posted by Joe Nasr
I located the section in the Fairfax County [VA] Zoning Ordinance to which I had referred in a previous message, regarding restrictions on the keeping of animals. I thought I would be provide the formulas that I had mentioned at that time. Here are some extracts from the section on the keeping of livestock or domestic fowl. The former are "allowed as an accessory use on any lot of 2 acres or more in size," wherein for each acre of land, one "animal unit" and one "bird unit" are permitted. An animal unit consists of: 2 head of cattle, or 5 sheep, or 3 horses, or 5 swine, or 5 goats, or 5 llamas, or 5 alpacas. A bird unit is: 32 chickens, or 16 ducks, or 8 turkeys, or 8 geese. Combinations of animals based on these totals are permitted. Note that "horses shall include ponies, mules, burros and donkeys," so the problem that arose in Annapolis would be caught here. Separate sections deal with "commonly accepted pets", dogs, honeybees, and pigeons.
My questions remain: Where did such formulas (rather than simply the limitations themselves) come from? How and when did they emerge? Did professional bodies such the American Planning Association and its predecessors, develop models? If so, based on what? [In other words, on what basis is one goose equivalent to a turkey, 2 ducks or 4 chickens?] Finally, did such formulas cross borders, and under what circumstances?
I spoke at length about each community having its own debris-recycling process operated by citizens in the community and subsidized by the city to bring reusable construction materials to rehabbing homes for the poorest citizens in the community. We must stop allowing bigger corporations come in to do all this demolition and taking away all these recycled debris resources. Whether a community uses it for structures or sells this recycled debris----it is for the communities to keep and benefit from.
Some excavation is too large----concrete hauling for example may not be cost-effective by a community but a local contractor already established could be used. The point is this-----another entirely separate local economy comes from citizens in a community being the ones who do the demolition, recycling, rehabbing, and development of this large central green space. The amount of work would go into a decade or more----and then a community will be ready to expand----this brings long-term small business employment for the lowest of income citizens while giving them a home for the participation in demolition.
WE MUST BUILD AN LOCAL ECONOMIC STRUCTURE THAT ALLOWS THE POOREST IN A COMMUNITY TO HAVE A HOME IN THEIR NAME AND A SMALL BUSINESS.
There are many people who want a simple small business but this platform will bring plenty of small business growth and movement into the middle-class. We simply do not want to allow one business to monopolize a community -----
Recycling can extend to organic waste from the farm and barn-----and processing that to be sold is combines these local economies.
Baltimore City and its global corporate structure does not want all this business kept local----it wants global corporations to come in and develop and build----it wants corporations to profit from recycled debris---it wants communities to have only non-profit entities doing these kinds of community works because they are temporary.
SOCIAL DEMOCRATS WANT LONG-TERM COMMUNITY SOLUTIONS FOR SMALL BUSINESSES AND HOME OWNERSHIP IN COMMUNITIES.
Johns Hopkins of course controls what they call SUSTAINABILITY POLICY----and that includes who participates and who profits. We do not want that----communities create these operations.
Mixed C&D Processors:
A Model for Local Government Recycling and Waste Reduction
OverviewDuring the past decade, a new generation of recyclers has developed throughout the state of California. Hundreds of businesses reuse, recycle, and compost materials source-separated from construction and demolition (C&D) projects. A significant new development, however, is the availability of mixed C&D processors.
Mixed C&D processors accept C&D materials in a mixed form and process them for recovery. Processors use a variety of hand labor, specialized materials handling equipment, and mechanized sorting systems to accomplish this heavy task.
Communities that have a mixed C&D processor within an economical haul distance can now be comfortable in requiring that most C&D debris generated in their communities be processed for maximum recovery prior to landfilling. If mixed C&D processing facilities are not available, communities could work to develop them or issue a request for proposals for the service of mixed C&D processing.
The types of materials listed are general, appliances, asphalt, brick, concrete, drywall, flooring, glass, metal, paint, plastic, wood, other, and all types.
Many communities have also prepared C&D recycling guides to provide to residents, contractors, and developers when they are seeking construction or demolition permits from the community. Some good examples of these guides are the Los Angeles and Alameda County C&D recycling guides (see References contact list).
As an indication of the scope and diversity of C&D recyclers, Alameda County includes information on reuse, recycling, or composting the following C&D materials:
- Bricks (broken)
- Ceramic tiles
- Cinder blocks
- Clay roofing tiles
- Concrete (clean)
- Concrete roofing tiles
- Concrete w/rebar
- Dirt-clean fill
- Dirt w/ gravel and rock
- Garage doors
- Lava rock
- Plumbing supplies
- Plywood (scrap)
- Rock/Gravel (clean)
- Roof shingles (wood)
- Sinks—porcelain (broken)
- Toilets (broken)
- Window screens
- Wood (treated or painted)
- Wood pallets (broken)
- Wood scraps (untreated)
Baltimore Housing Authority is closely controlled by Baltimore Development Corporation and all funding that gets to these rehab projects go through institutions and not the communities. Again, these policies are so haphazard-----funding goes to all kinds of organizations and people----corporate developers-----and Federal funding for low-income housing get filtered through all of this non-profit and developer structure.
Of course all this makes for considerable loss of revenue----pay-to-play-----corporate fraud ------and little voice by communities of how all this should work.
SOCIAL DEMOCRATS WOULD HAVE THE BALTIMORE HOUSING AGENCY FILLED WITH CITIZENS FROM EACH COMMUNITY SET TO WORK WITH CITIZENS IN THESE COMMUNITIES FOR ONE LARGE AND CONTINUOUS FUNDING CYCLE.
Of course city agencies have to be involved in how communities rebuild----but the impact can be limited and a citizens' voice strong in these rebuilding programs. If a public agency is directly involved---you have continuity----you have accountability----and you have equity in how real estate moves in a community.
Below you see how Baltimore has made development into a Wall Street complex instrument-----all designed to take control of development from citizens-----and making the system piecemeal with incentives more to new residents at the expense of existing residents. Now, a city like Baltimore has plenty of room for everyone but citizens need to be the driver of how their communities are developed. Baltimore Development loves to keep control of community development by naming institutions a anchors and giving that institution most of the power of what gentrification will look like. Of course these institutions are all controlled by the same Baltimore Development/Johns Hopkins crew-----
For those that think these few corporations have good development sense----almost all of the development downtown has been a failure----it is the worst of development plans---having one theme throughout-----a global corporate Johns Hopkins campus WITH VERY FEW OPTIONS FOR WORKING CLASS AND POOR WITH MIDDLE-CLASS ON THE EDGE.
Baltimore's Housing Agency and Baltimore Development have so outsourced these functions just so they became a Wall Street complex financial instrument------
Rehabilitation ServicesRehabilitation Services is dedicated to helping homeowners and landlords make repairs to their homes to address emergencies, code violations and health and safety issues. Our programs assist eligible low- and moderate-income applicants finance home improvements including the repair and replacement of roofing, heating, plumbing and electrical systems, energy efficiency measures, lead hazard reduction, and disability accessibility modifications.
Rehabilitation Services operates the following programs:Accessible Homes for Seniors Grant and Loan Program Loans and grants to assist homeowners make accessibility-related improvements.
Deferred Loan Program Deferred loans to assist homeowners correct major housing deficiencies and serious health, code and safety issues.
Emergency Roof Repair Program Forgivable loans for roof repair or replacement to homeowners who are aged 62 and older or who have disabilities.
Energy Savings Loan Program Deferred loans to assist homeowners make their homes more energy-efficient.
Home Preservation Program Deferred loans to assist homeowners correct major housing deficiencies and serious health, code and safety issues.
Lead Hazard Reduction Grant and Loan Program Loans and grants to assist homeowners and landlords lessen the risk of lead poisoning.
Maryland Housing Rehabilitation Program Below market-rate and deferred loans to homeowners and landlords correct major deficiencies and serious health, code and safety issues.
Developers: Opportunities exist for you to become a partner in Baltimore’s revitalization. Whether you are looking to rehab 1 property or 50, we have the perfect opportunity for you.
Major Redevelopment: Large scale development serves as the anchor for major community revitalization. View our projects and look into upcoming opportunities.
Home Owners & Home Buyers: Mayor Rawlings-Blake has made a commitment to grow the city by 10,000 families. Learn how to buy a city owned property. Be it vacant or rehabbed, we have the perfect opportunity and incentives for you.
No offense NYC----but I would not go there for people wanting to establish Rule of Law in a government agency! The article here is from 2002-----Baltimore has a forever corruption of agencies and Housing is one of the worst. Because of Hopkins' connection to NYC Bloomberg---all public agency heads are coming from NYC.
So, any Mayor of Baltimore could 'find and recover' tons of revenue to be directed to community development of our surrounding communities. Ten years from this article and Graziano is now considered as corrupt as who he was replacing. Anchor institutions----like MICA or University of Maryland Medical System do not allow for public voice in these developments---they are thinking as a corporate campus and not as an entity wanting to build a community. Downtown spaces with these anchors are different than the surrounding communities often starting from scratch---but Baltimore Development wants as much control over that development as well----AND THAT IS NOT WHAT BALTIMORE HOUSING AGENCY SHOULD BE ABOUT.
Gentrification can be done with justice-----and can work to everyone's benefit.
'City Housing Commissioner Paul T. Graziano said he worked with an inspector general during his years with the New York City Housing Authority and sees the position as a benefit'.
Below you see just one example in what is the most outsourced public agency ever. Housing policy is meant to break the spirit of the hardiest Baltimore citizen because for a very, very, very neo-conservative Johns Hopkins and Baltimore Development----the goal is to get rid of people----not serve them as citizens. This is to no one's benefit-----Baltimore would be today a progressive, healthy, stable city if SOCIAL DEMOCRATS HAD BEEN IN BALTIMORE CITY HALL.
Imagine all that housing funding just going to these communities with the goal of simply making a platform for the poorest with room to grow small businesses.
Neighborhood Housing Services Of Baltimore, Baltimore
Baltimore, MD 21201
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Be a volunteer. Call Neighborhood Housing Services Of Baltimore, Baltimore at 410-327-1200 for current volunteer work opportunities.
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Halfway Houses, Transitional Housing, and Substance Abuse Treatment Centers for the most part charge a fee. Most of the substance abuse resources we provide are low cost, Medicaid or sliding scale fee. We provide as much information as possible on the website of these locations.
Rooming and Boarding Houses do charge fees. We list them where we find them. They are a nice low cost option for housing.
The supposed 'enlightened' citizens throughout history have tried to install this living simply ethos forever-----and Baltimore is ground zero for just such development strategies. Yet, Baltimore is currently captured by a greedy global corporation with visions of grandeur and a Master Plan to make Balitmore into BLOOMBERG INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ZONE 2-----NORTH AMERICA.
I can find no one in Baltimore wanting that plan except the few pols and administrators working for Johns Hopkins.
Social Democrats in Baltimore would easily install this Living Simply into its community development if Batlimore's public agencies led to communities and citizens and not to corporations and boards. One is Republican policy in a city that votes Democratic-----
BUILD A PLATFORM FOR THE POOREST IN A COMMUNITY SO THEY HAVE A HOUSE, A SOURCE FOR FOOD, AND A SMALL BUSINESS -----AND FROM THERE A MIDDLE-CLASS WILL GROW!
The Movement to Live More Simply Is Older Than You Think What might history teach us about living more simple, less consumerist lifestyles?
Roman Krznaric posted Dec 05, 2013When the recently elected Pope Francis assumed office, he shocked his minders by turning his back on a luxury Vatican palace and opting instead to live in a small guest house. He has also become known for taking the bus rather than riding in the papal limousine.
Simple living is not about abandoning luxury, but discovering it in new places.The Argentinian pontiff is not alone in seeing the virtues of a simpler, less materialistic approach to the art of living. In fact, simple living is undergoing a contemporary revival, in part due to the ongoing recession forcing so many families to tighten their belts, but also because working hours are on the rise and job dissatisfaction has hit record levels, prompting a search for less cluttered, less stressful, and more time-abundant living.
At the same time, an avalanche of studies, including ones by Nobel Prize-winning psychologist Daniel Kahneman, have shown that as our income and consumption rises, our levels of happiness don't keep pace. Buying expensive new clothes or a fancy car might give us a short-term pleasure boost, but just doesn't add much to most people's happiness in the long term. It's no wonder there are so many people searching for new kinds of personal fulfillment that don't involve a trip to the shopping mall or online retailers.If we want to wean ourselves off consumer culture and learn to practice simple living, where might we find inspiration? Typically people look to the classic literature that has emerged since the 1970s, such as E.F. Schumacher's book Small is Beautiful, which argued that we should aim "to obtain the maximum of wellbeing with the minimum of consumption." Or they might pick up Duane Elgin's Voluntary Simplicity or Joe Dominguez and Vicki Robin's Your Money or Your Life.
I'm a fan of all these books. But many people don't realize that simple living is a tradition that dates back almost three thousand years, and has emerged as a philosophy of life in almost every civilization.
What might we learn from the great masters of simple living from the past for rethinking our lives today?
Eccentric philosophers and religious radicalsAnthropologists have long noticed that simple living comes naturally in many hunter-gatherer societies. In one famous study, Marshall Sahlins pointed out that aboriginal people in Northern Australia and the !Kung people of Botswana typically worked only three to five hours a day. Sahlins wrote that "rather than a continuous travail, the food quest is intermittent, leisure abundant, and there is a greater amount of sleep in the daytime per capita per year than in any other condition of society." These people were, he argued, the "original affluent society."
In the Western tradition of simple living, the place to begin is in ancient Greece, around 500 years before the birth of Christ. Socrates believed that money corrupted our minds and morals, and that we should seek lives of material moderation rather than dousing ourselves with perfume or reclining in the company of courtesans. When the shoeless sage was asked about his frugal lifestyle, he replied that he loved visiting the market "to go and see all the things I am happy without." The philosopher Diogenes—son of a wealthy banker—held similar views, living off alms and making his home in an old wine barrel.
We shouldn't forget Jesus himself who, like Guatama Buddha, continually warned against the "deceitfulness of riches." Devout early Christians soon decided that the fastest route to heaven was imitating his simple life. Many followed the example of St. Anthony, who in the third century gave away his family estate and headed out into the Egyptian desert where he lived for decades as a hermit.
Later, in the thirteenth century, St. Francis took up the simple living baton. "Give me the gift of sublime poverty," he declared, and asked his followers to abandon all their possessions and live by begging.
Simplicity arrives in colonial AmericaSimple living started getting seriously radical in the United States in the early colonial period. Among the most prominent exponents were the Quakers—a Protestant group officially known as the Religious Society of Friends—who began settling in the Delaware Valley in the seventeenth century. They were adherents of what they called "plainness" and were easy to spot, wearing unadorned dark clothes without pockets, buckles, lace or embroidery. As well as being pacifists and social activists, they believed that wealth and material possessions were a distraction from developing a personal relationship with God.
Woolman insisted on paying slaves directly in silver.But the Quakers faced a problem. With growing material abundance in the new land of plenty, many couldn't help developing an addiction to luxury living. The Quaker statesman William Penn, for instance, owned a grand home with formal gardens and thoroughbred horses, which was staffed by five gardeners, 20 slaves, and a French vineyard manager.
Partly as a reaction to people like Penn, in the 1740s a group of Quakers led a movement to return to their faith's spiritual and ethical roots. Their leader was an obscure farmer's son who has been described by one historian as "the noblest exemplar of simple living ever produced in America." His name? John Woolman.
Woolman is now largely forgotten, but in his own time he was a powerful force who did far more than wear plain, undyed clothes. After setting himself up as a cloth merchant in 1743 to gain a subsistence living, he soon had a dilemma: his business was much too successful. He felt he was making too much money at other people's expense.
In a move not likely to be recommended at Harvard Business School, he decided to reduce his profits by persuading his customers to buy fewer and cheaper items. But that didn't work. So to further reduce his income, he abandoned retailing altogether and switched to tailoring and tending an apple orchard.
Woolman also vigorously campaigned against slavery. On his travels, whenever receiving hospitality from a slave owner, he insisted on paying the slaves directly in silver for the comforts he enjoyed during his visit. Slavery, said Woolman, was motivated by the "the love of ease and gain," and no luxuries could exist without others having to suffer to create them.
The birth of utopian livingNineteenth-century America witnessed a flowering of utopian experiments in simple living. Many had socialist roots, such as the short-lived community at New Harmony in Indiana, established in 1825 by Robert Owen, a Welsh social reformer and founder of the British cooperative movement.
Parisian artists lived off cheap coffee and conversation while their stomachs growled with hunger.In the 1840s, the naturalist Henry David Thoreau took a more individualist approach to simple living, famously spending two years in his self-built cabin at Walden Pond, where he attempted to grow most of his own food and live in isolated self-sufficiency (though by his own admission, he regularly walked a mile to nearby Concord to hear the local gossip, grab some snacks, and read the papers). It was Thoreau who gave us the iconic statement of simple living: "A man is rich in proportion to the number of things which he can afford to let alone." For him, richness came from having the free time to commune with nature, read, and write.
Simple living was also in full swing across the Atlantic. In nineteenth-century Paris, bohemian painters and writers like Henri Murger—author of the autobiographical novel that was the basis for Puccini's opera La Bohème—valued artistic freedom over a sensible and steady job, living off cheap coffee and conversation while their stomachs growled with hunger.
Redefining luxury for the twenty-first centuryWhat all the simple livers of the past had in common was a desire to subordinate their material desires to some other ideal—whether based on ethics, religion, politics or art. They believed that embracing a life goal other than money could lead to a more meaningful and fulfilling existence.
Let's enlarge the areas of free and simple living on the map of our lives.Woolman, for instance, "simplified his life in order to enjoy the luxury of doing good," according to one of his biographers. For Woolman, luxury was not sleeping on a soft mattress but having the time and energy to work for social change, through efforts such as the struggle against slavery.
Simple living is not about abandoning luxury, but discovering it in new places. These masters of simplicity are not just telling us to be more frugal, but suggesting that we expand the spaces in our lives where satisfaction does not depend on money. Imagine drawing a picture of all those things that make your life fulfilling, purposeful, and pleasurable. It might include friendships, family relationships, being in love, the best parts of your job, visiting museums, political activism, crafting, playing sports, volunteering, and people watching.
There is a good chance that most of these cost very little or nothing. We don't need to do much damage to our bank balance to enjoy intimate friendships, uncontrollable laughter, dedication to causes or quiet time with ourselves.
As the humorist Art Buchwald put it, "The best things in life aren't things." The overriding lesson from Thoreau, Woolman, and other simple livers of the past is that we should aim, year on year, to enlarge these areas of free and simple living on the map of our lives. That is how we will find the luxuries that constitute our hidden wealth.