The protestors filling the streets of Barcelona acting against attempts to stop referendum voting for separation were mostly those 5% to the 1% global banking players working for those OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE SPANISH GLOBAL 1%. The next group present at that initial separatist referendum voting were BASQUE SEPARATISTS supporting CATALONIA separation. The number of protestors coming out originally was smaller----the number of protestors coming out against violence by police against protestors was greater.
The same situation is happening around Europe and US-----that 5% will march against policy issues less important to 99% of citizens-----then when police action threaten the rights to protest-----many more citizens come out to protect these civil liberties.
VIOLENT CRACKDOWN BRINGS HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF CITIZENS----SEPARATIST REFERENDUM SUPPORTERS FAR FEWER.
What we have known these several years after 2008 economic crash and EURO-BANK BAILOUT killing 99% of Spanish citizens' wealth to cover trillions of dollars in Barcelona global banking fraud is this------a super-majority of Spanish citizens KNOW who brought these economic collapse and frauds---they KNOW that NOW is not the time for SEPARATION. Even CATALONIA 99% KNOW THIS.
Tuesday, October 03, 2017
Hundreds of Thousands in Streets as General Strike Engulfs Catalonia After Violent Crackdown
Barcelona is that OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE PORT AND COASTAL TRADING POST during 500 AD - 1400 AD ---that MEDIEVAL global 1% CITY STATE.
'Move towards freedom or return to the Middle Ages?
The separatist movements in Europe seem to be a complex process with deep political, sectarian and economic roots dating back centuries. Some see a threat to return to the Middle Ages when the old continent was divided into hundreds of dwarf states, while others welcomed it as a movement towards free peoples' It seems that this process, whatever its consequences, may radically change the image of Europe in the twenty-first century'.
This comment does a good job describing a complicated thousands of year old conflict in Spain with SEPARATION. Note that he makes clear----these separatist feelings are not a majority especially in today's SPAIN.
This is especially true since that 2008 economic collapse moving all Spanish 99% of wealth to that global 1% -----same as our 99% of WE THE PEOPLE in US--black, white, and brown citizens.
Answered May 24 2016
Nationalisms in Spain aren't as strong as it seems from outside. Yes, we have the problem of Catalonia, but catalan society is literally divided in two halfs and Catalonia won't probably get the independence for the moment.
There are plenty of other regionalist and nationalist movements in Spain. Some are stronger than others. The most clear example is the Basque one, although a wide majority reject independence. There are other weaker in Galicia, Valencia, Canarias, Andalusia or Aragon. But these weaker movements are more regionalist than nationalist and just want recognition of their identity, heritage and political autonomy. The problem about nationalisms in Spain is that it was formed uniting different realms with different peoples with their own culture, language and institutions. To make Spain a strong nation-State, the kings and governors of the 18th century united the country politically and legally, imposing the administration of Castile. And ir order to get a cohesive society, they artificially created a national sense and culture base, again, in Castile's identity. Most of what is seen nowadays as Spanish was Castilian or even Andalusian. The rejection of this culturak hegemony resulted in the many regionalisms and nationalisms that appeared in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Here is the history of what is now Catalonia tying that port city to OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE----JEWISH/MUSLIM GLOBAL 1% who built this global port in what was then a northern coast not occupied by ROMAN CATHOLIC MERCHANTS OF VENICE GLOBAL 1%. Jewish and Muslim global 1% had a strong empire in what is today CATALONIA until those OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE CATHOLIC GLOBAL 1% came in and took all of Spain---pushing out JEWISH AND MUSLIM rich and taking control of a valuable coastal port ---all this happened during DARK AGES
When we speak of long-term separatist fights in Spain----it stems from this history. This is why Catalonia citizens do not speak Spanish they speak that old world blend of languages labelled CATALONIA.
Flash forward these few decades of Barcelona development first as SITE FOR OLYMPICS/WORLD FAIR as a start to building FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE structures tied to ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE. Barcelona was the earliest European nations to install FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE global factories bringing in those global labor pool ----and here we have that 'terrorist' threat from those very immigrants brought as sweat shop global factory labor to CATALONIA.
Catalonia is a melting pot of these global 1% JEWISH, MUSLIM, CATHOLIC 99% of citizens. Today's Barcelona global 1% ----tied to these OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE families.
Harking back to 'al-Andalus' in the Middle Ages
Experts are still trying to understand why the IS group decided to target Spain. Although a staunch NATO member, Spain has not played a major role in the international coalition against the jihadist group in Syria and Iraq. Neither has the country been the source of many foreign fighters headed for the IS group battlefields in the Levant.
When we read that Catalonia is the industrial economic driver of Spain----this is it----Spain imported global labor pool which was mostly African and Arabic citizens to be enslaved in these factories and they are that growing Catalonia population---EXTREME WEALTH MEETS EXTREME POVERTY.
Little discussed, however, is a new element has come into place since the early days of the movement. The Catalan population has changed dramatically during the last 15 years'.
This is now the same dynamic in US----the 5% United Nations ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE will march to protect that same global 1% and their 2% Muslim citizens coming to US Foreign Economic Zones knowing they will bring that global labor pool 99% of Muslim workers who are always enslaved in these global factories.
Barcelona striving to meet needs of growing Muslim population
Barcelona is home to 11 mosques and 30 official Islamic centres
Published: 21:00 September 7, 2012
By Mariam M. Al Serkal Reporter
Barcelona: In a country that was once home to the Islamic civilisation for nearly 800 hundred years, that chapter in history is gradually reopening as the influx of Muslim immigrants are reintroducing an Islamic presence in northern Spain.
Barcelona, a city popularly known for the architectural works of Antonio Gaudi, Las Ramblas and for having one of the most famous football clubs in the world, is also popular among Muslim residents but for other reasons – mainly for having one of the largest Muslim population in the country.
Although an Islamic presence in Catalonia lasted for approximately three centuries - as the heartland of Muslim rule was in southern Spain from 711 to 1492 - there still remains some traces of Islamic Moorish architecture in Barcelona’s oldest church of Sant Pau del Camp, which is more than 1,000 years old.
The population in Spain is estimated at 47 million with Barcelona being the second largest city with 1.6 million residents after Madrid with three million inhabitants. According to the Statistics Department at Barcelona´s Town Council, there are 500,000 Muslims in the city while the rest of Muslim residents are scattered around the country, reaching 1.5 million in total.
The capital of the autonomous community of Catalonia is home to 11 mosques and 30 official Islamic entities and religious organisations are registered with the Justice Ministry of Spain and the Office of Religious Affairs of the Barcelona Town Council.
One of the most visited Islamic centres is the Catalan Islamic Cultural Centre (Centre Cultural Islamic Catala), located in the same area as Les Glories shopping centre along the street called Carrer del Clot.
Salim Benarama, 33, from Algeria, who is the imam as well as the director of the Islamic cultural centre, pointed out that although there are nearly a dozen mosques in the city they are all found in apartments and garages at a space less than 50 square metres. Benarama, who has been living in Barcelona for 13 years, explained that it is difficult to find a place of worship big enough to accommodate the growing demand of worshippers. ¨There are half a million Muslims in Barcelona and in this year alone, there were 170 Spanish reverts,¨ he said, as we walked into the three-storey Islamic centre, which is a non governmental organisation built almost five years ago.
As we entered through the solid wooden doors engraved with Islamic art, Benarama pointed skywards at the ceiling that was adorned with a passage from Surrah Al Hujurat [49:13], which also happens to be the centre´s slogan: “Oh Mankind, indeed we have created you from a male and a female, and made you into tribes and nations so that you may know each other.”
We then made our way downstairs to the centre´s mosque that is currently under construction, with the assistance of 115 volunteers who work on it all year round. The mosque, which is 1,000 square metres and equipped with a separate entrance, can accommodate up to 1,300 worshippers and is being built in an Andalusian style that can be typically found in the cities of Granada and Cordoba.
¨Since the mosque is not completed yet, we hold our Friday prayers in a designated area on the ground floor and usually receive about 1,000 people. During Ramadan, it overflowed with worshippers and they resorted to praying outside on the streets,¨said Benarama.
The cost of the centre, including the purchase of the land, has accumulated to 1.35 million euros but it still needs 70,000 euros to complete the mosque´s construction.
¨There are Islamic Centres funded by Saudi philanthropists but they are only in Madrid, and the southern cities of Malaga, Marbella and Gibraltar. All the others across the country are non-governmental organisations so we have to make do with what we have,¨ he said.
With Eid Al Adha approaching, Benarama explained that they have already made the necessary arrangements with a butcher to slaughter sheep.
¨To have the residency permit in Spain, we have to respect the laws of the country that clearly state that it is prohibited to make the sacrifice in our homes. But there is an exception, so if you have a chalet outside your home then it is allowed to do it there,¨ he said.
¨The call for prayer is not allowed to be heard in public so we still do it but without a microphone. [Muslims] have been here for eight centuries so we are not strangers to Spain, but the public call for prayer is a sign that the country is Islamic.¨
The Islamic Centre also consists of a cultural centre on the ground floor while classrooms can be found on the first floor. The cultural centre is unfortunately short on books and has a limited library of Islamic books and in cultural history, but plans to have a collection of 15,000 books and also print its own books as they currently purchase them from foreign publishing houses.
¨We have 18 nationalities visiting the centre, who are mostly from African and North African countries, as well as South East Asia. Everyone who wants to visit and learn about the teachings of Islam and on how to pray is welcome,¨ he said.
As we made our way to the first floor, 11 people from different nationalities were attending Quran recital classes. Benarama explained that students are offered classes four hours a week and are first taught the Arabic language before they learn the basic prayers.
Further language classes offered include Catalan, Spanish and French, and students are required to pay 30 euros per month, which all goes towards the construction of the mosque and the centre´s maintenance.
Benarama emphasised that the Catalan Islamic Cultural Centre has two objectives, which includes serving the Islamic community to those who do not speak Arabic and want to learn the language, and secondly it is for the Catalans who want to learn about Islam.
¨The majority of Morrocan children do not speak Arabic and do not know much about their religion because they were born here and have a secular upbringing, as their parents do not have the time to teach them as they are busy at work all day. So our responsibility is to preserve the children´s identities and their moral values, as well as to help with the integration of new Muslim immigrants into Catalan society,¨he said.
What has happened these few decades of Barcelona MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE is that filling of Catalonia with global 1% and their 2% with that growing global labor pool population. So, yes, that global 1% OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE JEWISH/MUSLIM/CATHOLIC filling Barcelona are behind SEPARATIST feelings today with those 5% global banking players. As this article states=====separatist feelings have not been strong inside Spain in recent history ------now they are stronger after 2008 economic crash from massive sovereign debt fraud.
Keep in mind when we read below what an OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE GLOBAL 1% CATHOLIC population states as a reason to be ANTI-SEPARATIST----and we see that same OLD WORLD dynamic of Catholic rich coming in to push Muslim and Jewish rich out-----
KNOW WHAT? TODAY THESE TENSIONS-----WHICH HAVE NOTHING TO DO WITH RELIGION---THESE GLOBAL 1% SIMPLY USE RELIGION TO ADVANCE POWER AND WEALTH----THESE OLD WORLD GROUPS ARE NO LONGER AS CONTENTIOUS AS MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE IS INSTALLED.
'Recently, the Spanish Minister of the Interior, a well-known member of the Catholic group Opus Dei, accused a pro-independence group called "Nous Catalans" (New Catalans) of promising "paradise on earth" to the more than half-a-million Muslims living in Catalonia in exchange for their support. The group responded by accusing the minister of racism and claimed that their campaign activities were fully public and democratic'.
This is the same dynamic building in US----with Trump being that OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE Catholic 1% pretending to be fighting off those MUSLIM AND JEWISH OLD WORLD global 1% ----when CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA NOW TRUMP are MOVING FORWARD US FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES to look just like Barcelona---filled with global 1% and their 2%.
This is how we know ALJAZEERA is that same captured to global 1% media outlet for Muslim 99% of citizens as our US national media-------RAJOY as Spain's President is MOVING FORWARD Barcelona's being that ONE WORLD INDEPENDENT CITY STATE --------he is PRETENDING to fight and this is why media states Barcelona's separation will happen down the road.....
'At the end, Rajoy's unwillingness to negotiate might backfire, and reinforce the pro-independence camp by convincing some undecided voters that it is very unlikely that Catalonia will ever get more autonomy within Spain'.
OpinionPolitics10 October 2014
Can immigrants affect Catalonian aspirations?
Even if only a fraction of Catalonia's immigrants vote, they might have a key role in the final outcome of a referendum.
Some immigrant community leaders have taken part in pro- or anti-independence rallies, writes Munoz [EPA]
Jordi Munoz is senior research fellow in political science at the University of Barcelona. He specialises in public opinion analysis and voting behaviour.
In September 2012, a large scale pro-independence demonstration in Barcelona gathered widespread attention from international media for the first time. The Catalan political arena was not well understood outside the area, and the scarce reports in the international media tended to portray Catalan nationalism as a moderate, non-secessionist movement seeking greater autonomy within Spain in a non-contentious way.
That representation was basically correct. Until recently, only a small minority of the Catalan public opinion and parties favoured independence from Spain. But this is no longer the case: today, a highly active social movement, as well as a majority of the Catalan MPs support an independence referendum. According to opinion polls, over 74 percent of Catalans think that a vote on the issue should be called, although
On October 2, the president of Catalonia's regional government, Artur Mas, signed a decree officially calling for a referendum on Catalonia's independence. However, after the Spanish government's appeal, the Constitutional Court issued a cautionary suspension of the vote that is supposed to stay in place while the legal dispute is solved. This might take weeks, months or years and that is entirely dependent on the court's discretion. But the Catalan government is not willing to accept a delay in its plans, and has officially said that it is planning to hold the vote anyway, perhaps with an alternative legal formula.
The Catalan independence movement gathered widespread attention from international media for the first time in September 2012, during the massive demonstrations in Barcelona. The Catalan political arena was not well understood outside Spain, and until then, the scarce reports in the international media tended to portray Catalan nationalism as a moderate, non-secessionist movement seeking greater autonomy within Spain in a non-contentious way.
That representation was basically correct. Until recently, only a small minority of Catalan public opinion and parties favoured independence from Spain. But this is no longer the case: Today, a highly active social movement, as well as a majority of Catalan MPs, support an independence referendum. Spurred on by the holding of an independence referendum in Scotland, despite the negative outcome, opinion polls show that, over 74 percent of Catalans think that a vote on the issue should be called, although not all of them would support secession.
Little discussed, however, is a new element has come into place since the early days of the movement. The Catalan population has changed dramatically during the last 15 years. While in 2000, only about 2 percent of Catalonia's residents were of foreign origin, in 2010, the figure reached an all-time high of 16 percent. Albeit, the harsh economic crisis has since then, interrupted the influx - today 15 percent of Catalans are foreign nationals. One fifth of the foreign nationals that live in Catalonia come from Morocco, and a similar proportion come from South America. There are also communities from Romania, Pakistan, and China. And their say will count too, in determining the final outcome of the process.
Spain suspends Catalonia independence vote
While the goal of holding a referendum on the issue enjoys wide consensus within Catalonia, it is less clear what the outcome of such a vote would be. Support for independence has sharply grown in recent years, but the experiences of Scotland and Quebec show how difficult it is for a secessionist movement in a relatively wealthy democratic context to actually prevail at the polls.
Current figures on support for independence vary across polling houses, but most estimates place it at around 45-50 percent, with upfront opposition ranging between 30 to 35 percent. The rest of the electorate has yet to take a clear position, and issues such as the EU membership or the alternative offered by the Spanish government might be key for them.
Of course, support for independence is not homogeneous across the Catalan population. As in Scotland, those over 65 years of age display the lowest support - 38 percent. While there are no sharp ethnic or cultural divisions in Catalonia, cultural background does also play a role: 70 percent of those that have Catalan as their main language favour independence, and support drops down to 50 percent among the bilinguals and 20 percent among Spanish-speakers. Those with a leftist or centre-left ideology are more likely to support independence, as are those with higher education.
With such a close scenario, in an open vote, every group will be important. Among them, the immigrant communities. The law passed by the Catalan Parliament to regulate the referendum is significantly more open to immigrant participation than the Spanish rules for regular elections. Non-national residents would be granted the right to vote if they have been residing in Catalonia for over a year if they come from another EU country, and three years if they are from non-EU countries.
This decision to also open the vote to the immigrants might prove consequential, even if only a fraction of them show up at the polls.
Although some immigrant community leaders have taken part in pro- or anti-independence rallies - based mostly on their political allegiances with local parties - it is yet unclear how the communities at large are going to behave, especially because the law requires that they register to vote before the referendum. It is unknown how many of them will actually register: The fact that most of them have been living in Catalonia for less than a decade might mean that political links with the host country are still weak. Of course, even if if they vote in small numbers, they might have a key role in the final outcome of a close race: Many have remembered the allegations that immigrant communities voted massively against independence in Quebec's 1995 referendum, infamously phrased by Jacques Parizeau as the independence option having been beaten by "money and ethnic votes".
This is why both pro- and anti-independence movements and parties have directed specific campaign activities towards these communities, and not without some controversy.
Recently, the Spanish Minister of the Interior, a well-known member of the Catholic group Opus Dei, accused a pro-independence group called "Nous Catalans" (New Catalans) of promising "paradise on earth" to the more than half-a-million Muslims living in Catalonia in exchange for their support. The group responded by accusing the minister of racism and claimed that their campaign activities were fully public and democratic.
Some Spanish media have also suggested that the recently approved plan to incorporate the teachings of Islam and Arabic and Berber languages in certain public schools with a high proportion of Muslim pupils was part of the strategy to buy off these communities.
Even with the uncertainty involved in the final outcome, support for a referendum is unlikely to fade away easily. The pro-referendum movement is strong and well organised, and the issue will be kept at the top of the political agenda despite the Spanish government’s opposition. At the end, Rajoy's unwillingness to negotiate might backfire, and reinforce the pro-independence camp by convincing some undecided voters that it is very unlikely that Catalonia will ever get more autonomy within Spain.
Keep in mind Spain is one OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE nation that never really escaped its CATHOLIC ROYALTY-----it just allowed a secular far-right wing authoritarian fascism replace them TEMPORARILY.
Below we see CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA ERA 1990s====through today as Spain's Presidents. We see AZNAR as that far-right wing conservative serving during that late Clinton/early Bush era------then we see ZAPATERO sent in to be that FAKE ALT RIGHT ALT LEFT SOCIALIST who was central in handing Spain to global banking killing 99% of Spanish citizens moving all that wealth to the Spanish global 1% as ORTEGA.
Know what? REAL LEFT socialists do not partner with global banking staging the loss of 99% of citizens' wealth-----ZAPATERO was that FAKE SOCIALIST.
Now, we are back to RAJOY who is again that far-right wing conservative -----while Zapetero was bound to global banking Barcelona as was AZNAR----Rajoy plays Spanish nationalist when he is MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONE BARCELONA.
Bill Clinton was sold to US Democratic voters as that left social progressive just as Zapatero was and both were great big global 1% players.
The Most Excellent
José María Aznar
(born 1953) 4 May
1996 17 April
2004 7 years, 348 days PP Aznar I
The Most Excellent
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
(born 1960) 16 April
2004 21 December
2011 7 years, 249 days PSOE Zapatero I
The Most Excellent
(born 1955) Premiership 5 years, 285 days PP
The People's Party (Spanish: Partido Popular [parˈtiðo popuˈlar] ( listen); known mostly by its acronym, PP [peˈpe]) is a conservative and Christian democratic political party in Spain. It is one of the four major parties of modern Spanish politics.
The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Spanish: Partido Socialista Obrero Español [paɾˈtiðo soθjaˈlista oβɾeɾo espaˈɲol] ( listen); better known by its initials, PSOE [peˈsoe] ( listen)), is a social-democratic political party in Spain.
The degree of fraud and corruption under ZAPATERO and now RAJOY equaled that of CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA all while MOVING FORWARD all Spain's wealth to that global 1%.
We do not want to think today's RAJOY as President is any more interested in Spain's sovereignty than our US Trump ---they are both MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE only Spain has been used to FAR-RIGHT, AUTHORITARIAN FASCISM where US was always free from that capture.
Here we have those BASQUE AND CATALONIA separatists being the focus of Zapatero-----that is the Barcelona global banking 1%. One cannot call these SPANISH SEPARATIST GROUPS left wing----just because a group is RADICAL----SEPARATIST----does not make it left----BASQUE AND CATALONIA citizens are a super-majority of right wing---this is when all of Spanish 99% of citizens' wealth in the form of pensions, retirements, homes, health savings accounts -----were sent to global banking for building global corporate campuses and expanding Spanish 1% corporations globally just as in US.
We can be sure Spain's Basque 'terrorism' was solved as with Ireland's Protestant/Catholic civil wars=====the leaders were made 5% players and pols and they stopped the violence.
'Instead, the declaration followed an appeal to ETA by a group of informal peace negotiators who met this week in San Sebastián, the political center of the main Basque homeland in Spain. The group included Kofi Annan, the former secretary general of the United Nations; Gro Harlem Brundtland, a former Norwegian prime minister; and Gerry Adams, the leader of the Irish nationalist group Sinn Fein, which has long had ties to ETA and has itself managed a metamorphosis from armed to political struggle'.
Here we see the United Nations and Ireland's Gerry Adams who Bill Clinton made a 5% global banking player and gave a position in UK legislature. We can bet the silence of BASQUE separatists after centuries is tied to MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE BARCELONA returning to MEDIEVAL CITY STATE. The Basque citizens would feel empowered from the ending of that Spanish national sovereignty by way of MOVING FORWARD BARCELONA INDEPENDENT CITY STATE no longer needing to fight MADRID sovereign Spain.
When Bill Clinton took Ireland's IRA leader to silence that violence Ireland was immediately made a Foreign Economic Zone----Gerry was installed into UK government ----VOILA----A 1% created in Ireland and we can be sure our Basque leaders are interested in being those winners in a Catalonia with expanded global industrialization. The 99% or IRISH citizens were losers in those deals-----so too will those 99% of Basque and Catalonia citizens.
Basque Separatists Halt Campaign of Violence
By JOHN F. BURNSOCT. 20, 2011
LONDON — After more than 40 years of violent struggle for independence in the traditional Basque homeland in Spain and France, the separatist group ETA declared a unilateral end to its campaign of bombings and shootings on Thursday, saying it wished to seize a “historical opportunity to reach a just and democratic resolution to an age-old political conflict.”
The group’s announcement of “the definite cessation of its military activity,” and its appeal for a “direct dialogue” with the governments in Madrid and Paris, came in the form of a written statement and an accompanying video posted online, which were sent to news organizations.
The renunciation of armed struggle went a step further than previous cease-fires the group has declared, and often broken, over the years. It was perhaps an acknowledgment that the group had been badly weakened by a crackdown by Spanish and French security forces.
Spanish leaders, facing a debt crisis and severe austerity measures, welcomed the rare bit of good news with relief and cautious optimism.
“The state of law today triumphs,” said Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.
“Our democracy will be one without terrorism, but not without memory,” he added, recalling the 829 people killed by ETA over more than four decades.
Mariano Rajoy, the leader of the opposition Popular Party, called the announcement “good news,” with the caveat that “the tranquillity of Spaniards will only be complete when the full dismantling of ETA has occurred.”
In fact, the statement fails to meet many of Spain’s longtime demands — ETA did not say it would disarm, dissolve or renounce the goal of independence — and experts cautioned that many problems would have to be resolved before peace could be secured.
Far from dissolving, ETA, which is considered a terrorist group by the European Union and the United States, made it plain that it saw itself, and its political wing, as a major players in future negotiations on a tangle of complex issues arising from the prolonged violence.
Those issues include demands for the release of hundreds of Basque militants imprisoned in French and Spanish jails, including top-ranking figures from the leadership of ETA and Batasuna, a banned political party that has been closely associated with ETA. Just as thorny will be issues relating to the disarming of ETA and the decommissioning of its arms and explosives, the experts said, and the reintegration of former militants into everyday life.
The declaration also appeared to fall short of guaranteeing that the armed struggle would never resume.
The ETA video showed the statement being read in Spanish by one of three ETA activists seated at a table flanked by Basque nationalist banners, wearing black berets and capes, and white masks. Intermediaries with recent access to ETA leaders identified the three as members of the group’s General Command.
The commanders emphatically reasserted the goal of independence, and at the end of the video joined in traditional ETA rallying cries delivered with clenched-fist salutes. “The fight for independence for the Basque homeland goes on!” they cried.
Another concern centered on the fact that the announcement was made in what amounted to a political void. Mr. Zapatero’s Socialist government and the center-right Popular Party, a strong favorite to win a general election on Nov. 20, appeared to have played no part in the negotiations leading to the announcement. The Popular Party has strongly opposed any quick peace deal, insisting that ETA not only renounce its violence and disarm, but also dissolve on terms to be negotiated with the authorities in Madrid.
Instead, the declaration followed an appeal to ETA by a group of informal peace negotiators who met this week in San Sebastián, the political center of the main Basque homeland in Spain. The group included Kofi Annan, the former secretary general of the United Nations; Gro Harlem Brundtland, a former Norwegian prime minister; and Gerry Adams, the leader of the Irish nationalist group Sinn Fein, which has long had ties to ETA and has itself managed a metamorphosis from armed to political struggle.
The group issued a communiqué on Monday, saying it was “time to end, and possible to end, the last armed confrontation in Europe.”
Although home to fewer than 3 million of Spain’s 46 million people, the Basque region has a disproportionate economic importance as a center of industry, mining and culture. Bilbao, one of Spain’s largest cities, with close to a million people, has a Basque majority, and is home to the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, one of Europe’s most celebrated centers for modern art. San Sebastián is world renowned for its cutting-edge cuisine.
But Spanish economists have estimated the investment lost in recent years because of the violence at more than a billion dollars. Spain and France have deployed thousands of anti-terrorist police officers, as well as undercover intelligence agents. Until ETA’s power was undercut by the security crackdown, it was common for businesses to have to pay a hefty “revolutionary tax” to the militants.
ETA has made a succession of previous cease-fire declarations that have been quickly abandoned, most egregiously in 2006, when a truce with the Zapatero government collapsed amid failed negotiations and ETA militants mounted a car bomb attack at Madrid’s main international airport, killing two people.
Against this history, some Spanish commentators said the declaration amounted to a recognition by ETA’s commanders that the group had effectively been routed by the security crackdown. With hundreds of its activists rounded up and imprisoned, some estimates have said that ETA has recently had only 50 active militants capable of mounting attacks.
ETA’s statement also ignored another demand often made by Madrid, offering no apology to the victims of its attacks, many of them in bombings and shootings that have occurred outside the main Basque population centers, particularly in Spain. The statement approached the issue obliquely, saying only that “faced with violence and repression, dialogue and agreement must characterize the new age.”
By issuing their declaration 72 hours after the peace negotiators met in San Sebastián, the ETA commanders appeared to have found a face-saving formula for acknowledging the harsh realities confronting them if they sought to continue their armed confrontation.
By issuing their demand for peace in the Basque heartland, and effectively dictating to ETA the words of its concession by calling for “the definitive cessation of all armed action,” the negotiators effectively made it possible for ETA’s leaders to present themselves as responding to an international push for peace, rather than to the French and Spanish security crackdowns.
All this occurred while Zapatero was creating massive sovereign debt from same BUILD TO FAIL DEVELOPMENT fueled by massive sovereign debt pretending to be helping labor union members while of course imploding Spain's economy with the highest level of sovereign debt next to Greece.
'For the economy to survive, he must please the investors that lend Spain money. And for the government to survive, he must satisfy the Catalan and Basque nationalists who prop up his minority administration'.
Below we see where Spain under Zapatero mirrored Greece under yet another FAKE ALT RIGHT ALT LEFT SOCIALIST -----Goldman Sachs was identified as providing that fraudulent financial instrument to HIDE GREECE'S sovereign debt as was done in Spain. This is why a MOODY'S RATING went from AAA to junk -----the same frauds done in US for subprime mortgage loan ratings of toxic debt======
'While other countries within the same privileged group (Germany, Denmark, and the USA) were able to successfully navigate the crisis and maintain their risk ratings at the top, in the Spanish case, the result was an eight notches downgrading of its sovereign risk, a worrying Baa2, much closer to the junk level than to the highest note. This leveraging leaves little room for maneuver to finance future deficits'.
Zapatero was in office to create the massive global banking sovereign debt as well as after 2008 economic crash where he hooked Spanish 99% of citizens to the worst of EURO-BANKING bailout terms------this was Spain's moving of all wealth to the global 1% player.
These Spanish global banking players made it worse for Spanish 99% whether greater Spain or Catalonia by attaching all that debt to Spanish PUBLIC BANKS----all of Spain's 99% wealth was placed into what was a REAL left social progressive public policy issue of PUBLIC BANKS. Zapatero IMPLODED those public banks while bound tightly with Barcelona's global banking 1%---all while PRETENDING to be a left SOCIALIST partnered with labor unions. This is why greater Spanish and Catalonia citizens as a super-majority are not interested in Barcelona being SEPARATE---they are still fighting for justice from all that global banking fraud.
The Spanish Public Debt, a New Bubble?
(Presentation Slides)18 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2016 Last revised: 2 Sep 2016
Miguel Sanchez de Pedro OxValue Advisers S.L.
Date Written: August 12, 2016
Spain is different. In 2009 Spain was playing the "Champions League" with the best possible risk rating, AAA - Moody's methodology - rubbing shoulders with Germany, Denmark, France, UK, and the USA.
While other countries within the same privileged group (Germany, Denmark, and the USA) were able to successfully navigate the crisis and maintain their risk ratings at the top, in the Spanish case, the result was an eight notches downgrading of its sovereign risk, a worrying Baa2, much closer to the junk level than to the highest note. This leveraging leaves little room for maneuver to finance future deficits.
With the Debt/GDP ratio at 140.5% (1) - the higher level in history - the situation may well cause that new public spending policies financed with more debt could lead to increased interest payable, whose perverse direct effects would be that of a reduction in social spending, and the added uncertainties about debt repayments and burden relief to the next generations.
Understanding the meaning of sovereign risks ratings and their direct influence on the planning of monetary and fiscal policies, should be a subject of required knowledge by those who assume the highest government responsibilities, be it of that the nation, autonomous regions or municipalities.
Likewise, understanding that political decisions involving spending or public investments must be financed by appealing to either the taxpayer through taxes, and/or the financial markets through the issuance of debt, requires the maximum care and diligence in the responsible maintenance of sovereign ratings within their comfort zone i.e. Investment Grade. Outside this area, the appeal to capital markets is almost an impossible and very costly mission. The markets in this globalized world, follow their own rules; lending is the lender's wilful act to those who demonstrate solvency, nothing more.
Pretending that politics and politicians impose their rules against the lender, is ignoring the invisible hand of the markets, how the markets govern themselves in the allocation of the financial resources they are entrusted to manage.
It is then the sovereign’s duty to adhere to a sound management of the public finances by expending less and more wisely.
We do not want to quell the enthusiasm for both Basque 99% of citizens and greater Spain at peace with ETA---what we are shouting is ------watch for former revolutionary heroes that surface to be tied to global banking. We see this every time as in South Africa=====where Foreign Economic Zones are allowed to be installed and a very quick 1% becomes very rich while 99% of citizens are enslaved and impoverished.....
When we see Basque marching with what we know are a global 5% to the 1% for Barcelona separation ----at a time when there should not be separation-----we think maybe there are global banking players. Our Basque citizens have always kept a separate economy so they did not fair as badly as greater Spanish 99% in massive sovereign debt and banking frauds. Here is one a a front-runner in elections just as an Irish Gerry Adams/South Africa's ZUMA.
Please think who benefits from these separations TODAY when we can wait to resolve greater economic issues still tied to global banking frauds and sovereign debt frauds these few decades moving almost all of 99% of citizens' wealth to these global 1%.
Basque leader Arnaldo Otegi released after 6 years in Spanish prison
‘Political prisoner’ seen as frontrunner to lead Basque nationalists in upcoming elections Read next Catalan allies caution Puigdemont against declaration © AFP March 1, 2016 by Tobias Buck in Madrid
The long-dormant issue of Basque separatism forced itself back on to Spain’s crowded political agenda on Tuesday, after one of the region’s most high-profile and controversial nationalist leaders was released from jail. Arnaldo Otegi, 57, spent more than six years in prison for his attempt to revive Herri Batasuna, the banned political wing of Eta. He initially received a 10-year sentence, which was later reduced by Spain’s Supreme Court to six and a half years. Mr Otegi is himself a former member of Eta, the Basque militant group that waged a decades-long campaign of violence against the Spanish state, killing more than 800 people in bomb attacks and assassinations. Eta declared an indefinite ceasefire in 2011, but has so far refused demands from Madrid to formally disband and give up its weapons. The broader campaign for Basque independence, meanwhile, has been largely overshadowed by the escalating secession struggle in the Spanish region of Catalonia. Mr Otegi’s release could yet breathe new life into the Basque separatist movement, not least because it comes ahead of a regional election later this year. The former prisoner is widely seen as the frontrunner to lead the Basque country’s nationalist left in the forthcoming electoral contest. His release on Tuesday triggered an immediate row between party leaders in Madrid, highlighting the acute sensitivity surrounding Eta and the broader issue of Basque separatism. Pablo Iglesias, the leader of the anti-austerity Podemos party, sent out a tweet welcoming Mr Otegi’s release. “No one should be in prison for his ideas,” he said. His intervention — which came just hours before the first session in parliament to decide on the next Spanish prime minister — was roundly condemned by political opponents. Albert Rivera, the leader of the centrist Ciudadanos party, sent out a tweet in response pointing out that Mr Otegi was condemned for “belonging to an armed gang”. A spokesman for the conservative Popular party, meanwhile, accused Mr Iglesias of trying to “whitewash the activities of Eta”. Mr Otegi himself made clear on Tuesday that he was determined to continue the campaign for Basque independence. He received a hero’s welcome as he walked through the gates of Logroño prison in northern Spain, where he was quickly surrounded by hundreds of supporters waving the Basque flag and chanting “independence”. In a brief speech to the crowd, he described himself as a “political prisoner” but declined to comment directly on his personal ambitions. “The best lehendakari [Basque regional president] is the people,” he said.