When we have far-right, authoritarian, militaristic, LIBERTARIAN MARXISM----which is FRANCO working for the global 1% KINGS AND QUEENS and OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE tied to Spain---you have that concentration of employment into the hands of a small nepotistic group of people ---as today's 5% to the 1% and their families. This happens every time we see authoritarianism.
Below we see a statement of why Spain's unemployment remained high after Franco and why it remained high after 2008 economic crash from massive global banking fraud. We can see Franco's Spain looked a lot like US cities deemed Foreign Economic Zones during CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA. Our US cities are filled with cronyism, nepotism, fraud, and corruption and as we see across the nation MOVING FORWARD is making any 99% of citizens able to get or keep jobs temporary, part-time, or long-term unemployed.
THIS IS WHAT FAR-RIGHT WING AUTHORITARIANISM DOES---AND IT LOOKS JUST LIKE THE DARK AGES WHERE THAT GLOBAL 1% HAD THEIR FAMILY AND COURT AS THE ONLY CITIZENS PARTICIPATING IN THE ECONOMY AND POLITICS....THAT GLOBAL 1% AND THEIR 2%.
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS.
'A significant proportion of Spain’s workers emerged from the dictatorship years with ironclad job security. Many of those protections remained, Mr. Jansen said, but much of the new hiring in the democratic era took place through temporary employment contracts. Just before the 2008 financial crisis, around a third of Spain’s workers were on temporary contracts, far higher than the European average'.
This is how US 99% of citizens know we are MOVING FORWARD to the same far-right, authoritarian, militaristic, extreme wealth extreme poverty LIBERTARIAN MARXISM as Spain's FRANCO.
Employee Extinction? The Rise of Contract, Temp Workers in Business
Contractual workers are becoming the norm, while firms are taking on freelancers.
Crowdsourcing the New Reality in Labor Market
Uber is the latest sensation in the marketplace.
The ride-sharing app allows consumers to save money on transportation, while the drivers earn a little bit of extra cash.
Of course, the drivers aren’t employees but rather contractors. The real number of staffers at Uber is 2,000, compared to the estimated 160,000 contractors picking up passengers worldwide.
It isn’t just Uber that is contributing to the dismissal of the conventional employee and embracing the so-called 1099 economy.
Amazon recently made headlines after it was reported that the online retail juggernaut is considering incorporating an Uber-like delivery service into its business model.
The company would crowdsource drivers to drop off packages at customers’ residences or businesses. Details of the project – pay, fees, launch date – remain unknown
Other popular and successful crowdsourced services include Deliv, Instacart, GrubHub and Google Express. Even Wal-Mart mulled over the idea of launching a crowdsourced delivery service in 2013, but the retail giant quickly put the concept on hold.
Crowdsourcing isn’t the only factor to consider when discussing the demise of the employee.
The Rise of the Permanent Temp Worker
Job creation may be lackluster, but there is one area of the U.S. economy, and in other developed nations, too, that is booming: temporary workers.
Temp workers are becoming the perpetual fixture in an economy where labor competition is fierce and high-paying positions are scarce.
Many multi-national corporations and well-known brands have saved an incredible sum of money on labor costs by using workers that aren’t really their employees. FedEx, General Motors, McDonald’s and PepsiCo are just some of the companies to have staffers that work for subcontractors, franchisees, vendors and others.
Millennials may be content with the adjusting labor practices, though. Take this BLS figure: the average 55-year-old spends on average 10 years at a job, while the average 25-year-old spends three. Job hopping has quickly become the accepted norm.
Furthermore, millennial workers will opt for lower pay if it means they can work remotely and receive flex work.
At the same time, this won’t equate to retirement pensions or workplace benefits for future generation of workers.
But in the mindset of millennials: meh.
Although this is seen as a modification to the traditional economy with things like flexible work hours, it may prove to be a bane for millions of professionals and unskilled laborers across the globe.
Why? If you’re not a full-time, 9-to-5 employee then it means fewer hours, wages and benefits.
Since the official end of the Great Recession, the number of temps has substantially risen by more than 50 percent to 2.7 million. This is the biggest increase since the government began to record these figures in 1990. It’s apparent that businesses aren’t hiring for the long-term, according to economists.
Here is Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED) on the number of temp help since Jul. 2010:
The labor force participation rate is another key indicator of the decline in long-term employment.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), it stands at a 37-year low with 62.8 percent (as of Jan. 2015).
Here is a chart from the U.S. statistics agency:
The long-term unemployment rate by the BLS is another important statistic to follow. This represents the number of Americans unemployed for 27 weeks or longer. One aspect of this calculation that should be noted is that these workers would like to get more hours but can’t find the work.
Although it has dipped in the last three years, it is nowhere near 1990s levels.
In a May 2013 Associated Press survey of 37 economists, three-quarters believed the growing adoption of contract and temp workers is an established trend, and will be in the long run.
Moreover, for those that believe temp jobs can convert into full-time employment opportunities, consider this statistic: just 18 percent of temp work transitions into full-time work .
Manufacturing, a contentious sector that generates a lot of debates, is swarmed with temps. It is approximated that one-third of temps find jobs in production lines, warehouses stocking goods and repairing machinery. Another 20 percent work in administration. Ditto for the hospitality industry.
Even essential services, like healthcare and education, are welcoming temps into the fold.
In hospitals, due to the shortage of doctors and nurses, human resources turn to staffing agencies; it was predicted that temp doctors would spike to record highs beginning in 2013. In schools, principals take on substitute teachers from temp firms because then it diminishes the amount of retirement benefits school districts have to allocate. Remember, cities and states are having to handle fiscal restraint and tightened budgets.
Public and private sector unions are pushing back, but not much progress has been made.
Some media outlets chime in, like Erin Hatton of the New York Times did in 2013, who opined: “According to the temp industry, workers were just another capital investment; only the product of the labor had any value. The workers themselves were expendable.”
In an era when companies are celebrated for restructuring into lean and mean operations, the idea of temp workers transitioning into the norm isn’t generating buzz on Wall Street or ruffling feathers on Main Street. It’s the elephant in the room that nobody wants to talk about. Businesses want to please shareholders and politicians don’t want to appear to be inept.
The White House seemed to take some measures. President Obama installed David Weil at the Department of Labor in order to enforce federal wage laws and hold businesses accountable for the way they treat subcontractors and temp workers. Some new regulations and court rulings may prompt companies to reshape their labor models, but it likely won’t prohibit contract, franchise or temp workers.
A Global Phenomenon
If you think the matter of contract, temp workers is relegated only to the U.S. then you are mistaken. It seems almost ecumenical in relation to temp work.
Our Time Doctor software has picked up on the fact that our customers are hiring workers from home in countries all over the world simply because it’s too costly to hire workers in their respective country.
CanadaIn Canada, temp work, also referred to as “precarious work” is rising at a faster pace than permanent jobs.
Statistics Canada reported in 2013 that the number of temp workers in the Great White North reached a record two million, which accounts for just under 14 percent of the workforce, up from 11.3 percent in 1997.
These numbers have been exacerbated since the financial crisis.
Temp work has soared more than triple the pace of permanent employment: up 14.2 percent for temp work between 2009 and 2012, compared to 3.8 percent for permanent employees.
Since 1997, the biggest demographic to be involved in temp worker is young people. Also, temp positions are most ubiquitous in the sectors of arts, education, hospitality and food services. The greatest growth has been concentrated in the provinces of British Columbia and Ontario.
“You’re either a winner or loser in this labor market,” said Wayne Lewchuk, professor of labor studies at McMaster University in Hamilton, in an interview with the Globe and Mail. “The clear winners [are those] with great, stimulating, well-paid jobs. But a lot of others [exist] in a treadmill of insecurity, with little training and a limited career path.”
Temp work may be an issue in Canada, but what may be the most concerning is the increase in foreign temporary workers.
Companies like McDonald’s and Tim Hortons have hired foreign temp workers, though thousands have been deported this spring since Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s Conservative government changed immigration the rules in 2011.
All across Europe, businesses are taking on temp work in favor of hiring full-time workers.
For instance, a report from Staffing Industry Analysis (SIA) found that the number of hours clocked in by temp workers in Belgium jumped by 9.6 percent in the first quarter of this year. This is up from 7.2 percent in the fourth quarter of last year. When looking quarter-on-quarter, there were 4.1 percent more hours garnered by temp workers in Q1 2015 than in Q4 2014.
In England, close to half of new jobs created between 2010 and 2012 were temp jobs. In this time frame, the number of temp jobs skyrocketed by 89,000 to reach 1.65 million. Since 2005 alone, the country’s temporary workforce has soared by nearly a quarter of a million. During this same time period, the amount of permanent jobs has tumbled by 8,000.
Research from Economic Modeling Specialists International (EMSI) suggests this is a long-term trend for Britons especially in the fields of education, childcare, welfare and healthcare. Also, the CareerBuilder data highlight that 56 percent of British employers are seeking to take on temp workers – more than one-third of these say they’ll transition their temp staff into permanent roles.
“Temporary employment is growing across industries and regions, and provides great opportunities for employers to work with a larger pool of diverse talent, while allowing workers to test-drive different work experiences and network with employers,” said Scott Helmes, Managing Director of CareerBuilder UK, in a statement.
Earlier this year, the Wall Street Journal published a very telling chart illustrating the two tales of Japan’s labor market.
On one hand, the economic powerhouse’s unemployment rate hit a long-term low. On the other hand, the number of non-regular jobs (temp) has grown while permanent jobs have slowly disappeared. This means nominal and real wages have decreased.
Screenshot via Wall Street Journal
Meanwhile, the inflation rate has remained between two and five percent in the last few years. With price inflation, a higher sales tax and slumping wages, the life of the average Japanese person has altered and the population is in a quandary. This isn’t accidental either.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe introduced “abenomics” as part of his government’s efforts to spur growth. This consisted of higher prices, making labor rules more flexible and injecting stimulus into the country’s financial system. The result was great…for about two months.
Since the federal government made it easier to allow businesses to give permanent workers the pink slip, companies have slowly replaced them with temp workers. The thought process behind this initiative is to boost hiring. Indeed, it curbed unemployment numbers but it swapped full-time for temp work.
There are certain elements of the Brazilian economy that make it costly to conduct any kind of business.
First, the Brazilian economy is fairly unstable. Inflation and currency appreciation has always been the driving force behind Brazil’s value-for-money problem.
In addition, Brazil has very high taxes; 36 percent of gross domestic product. This is much higher than in upper-middle-income countries where the average tax rate is 21 percent.
This combined with very rigid labor laws can make employment costs very high.
According to research by UHY, an international accounting and consultancy network, employment costs in Brazil are 40 times higher than those in Denmark (the country with the lowest employment costs).
Brazilian employers pay approximately $172,667 extra on top of an average gross salary of $300,000. Brazil’s employment costs are high at all salary levels mainly because employers have to bear nearly 50 percent extra costs.
Here is a chart showcasing “payments made by businesses on top of gross salaries by USD and payments as % of gross salary”:
Eric Waidergorn, Director of UHY Moreira and member of UHY in Brazil, says:
“Brazil’s employment costs are exceptionally high, which will hold back new business development and job creation and could encourage informal employment arrangements. While direct personal taxes are low, compared to developed countries and BRICs, high employment costs are a significant hurdle to Brazil’s economic development.”
Employers also face the challenge of finding skilled labor.
Brazil has a poor education system and is considered to be the world’s second-hardest place to find the skills one needs. Labor costs have doubled because of a significant increase in the minimum wage.
Under the Brazilian law, no employee can work more than 44 hours per week. Ideally, this is divided into eight hours Monday to Friday and then four hours on a Saturday. Employees who do not work on a Saturday may exceed eight hours on the weekdays.
Brazilians generally begin work at minimum wage which is R$622 per hour but at this rate, employers can generally get only minimally educated labor. Employees in Brazil accepts company benefits including:
- Cesta básica de alimentos: a box with foods standard to the Brazilian diet such as rice, beans, sugar, coffee, pasta etc. Some employers choose to give money instead of the box. Employees that work with 44h/week are provided with one meal (either the food itself or the price of a regular meal).
- Healthcare: employees are provided healthcare which is usually extended to the employee’s children and spouse.
- Daycare assistance: in many cases, employers pay part of or the complete day-care costs of their employees. They are also known to pay training costs for employees if they require any.
- Life Insurance: although life insurance is an optional benefit, most employees in Brazil provide this to their employees.
- Transportation Costs: Brazilian employers are required by law to provide their employees compensation for transportation to and from work.
- Maternity leave: women are officially allowed to take four months of as maternity leave and still receive a monthly salary. While the government has been advocating increasing this time to six months, companies are not yet obligated to do so. Paternity leave is of five days.
- 13th Salary: the 13th Salary bonus is practiced in several countries including Brazil, Germany and Portugal. For Brazilian employees, the 13th salary is equivalent to one salary that is paid in two portions – one in November and one in December. Every employer is obligated to pay this to their employees.
- Paid vacations: employees can take 30 days off after 12 months of work. Family members working in one company can take vacations together.
- Payroll costs: a primary reason why employees are so costly in Brazil is because of the various charges involved during the hiring process. Employers are charged 68.18 percent of each employee’s payroll every month. This does not include the additional cost of transportation, meals and the other benefits that employers offer to their employees. Altogether, it is safe to estimate that employees generally cost more than the double of their salary.
Overall, it is evident that despite a poorly qualified workforce, lack of skilled labor and low salaries, employment costs in Brazil remain very high because of the inherent charges that are built into the hiring system. The costs end up being so high that employers are unable to take benefit from lower salaries.
A study by the Boston Consulting Group indicates that three quarter of growth in Brazil in the last decades has been from adding more workers, but only a quarter from productivity gains.
David Bailey, CEO 3 Kinds of Ice, explains on Quora how awful, difficult and expensive it is to hire labor in Brazil. Bailey posted a chart to show just how exponential it is to take on permanent employees:
Reasons for the Increase in Temp Workers
Private sector businesses have to deal with an influx of labor costs. From payroll taxes to company benefits, companies usually spend between 15 and 30 percent of gross revenues to payroll percentages, which do vary by industry.
If a company can circumvent these labor costs by bringing temp workers on board then they’ll do it. This pattern has already been established – remember, businesses everywhere have tried to minimize labor costs since the development of the printing press.
In today’s economy, companies have amplified their efforts to increase profits in wake of a alternating marketplace.
Many cite a technological revolution (or automation). Since the public discourse over the $15 minimum wage – Fight for $15 – it seems fast-food companies have revved up their automation process. Just take a look at McDonald’s, Pizza Hut and Chili’s.
Other experts allude to globalization.
In the U.S., critics place the blame on declining employment levels on President Obama’s Affordable Care Act (ACA), otherwise colloquially known as Obamacare. Some purport Obamacare is metastasizing the U.S. into a part-time, temp jobs nation.
Essentially, when labor costs become too costly, companies find ways to adapt and thrive.
Although the picture may seem to be the extinction of full-time jobs, it’s not as dire as all that. Let’s face it: there isn’t such a thing as a temp CEO, a temp store manager, a temp software engineer. There will always be a need for permanent positions.
It’s as simple a this: any country or state/province with high payroll and other ancillary job costs will gradually witness a greater number of jobs shift to contractor positions. Brazil, Japan, a large part of Europe and the U.S. are sublime examples of this trend.
No longer is it feasible for public officials and political candidates to just talk about lowering taxes. Instead, if they wish to maintain a blooming workforce, then they will have to espouse how they will diminish the red tape and various mandated labor costs blanketing businesses, large and small alike.
The Western nations of Europe and US have not had CASTE SYSTEMS ----the US NEVER had CASTE SYSTEMS but Europe had them in DARK AGES----and Spain MOVING FORWARD never really left those DARK AGE societal/economic structures behind. Many of our Asian nations keep Medieval caste systems ----as INDIA---CHINA----but this is what CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA are MOVING FORWARD and indeed this is what is rolling out in Spain. Obama's several years really killed our US middle-class and ability to climb economic ladder just as RAJOY in Spain is doing. Obama served a third Bush term---Bush as a far-right wing global 1% neo-conservative and OLD WORLD MERCHANT OF VENICE FREEMASON.......installing the same employment structures in US as are being installed in Spain.
'The two-track labor market, or “duality,” has split Spanish workers into castes and has created a system where companies have little motivation to bring on young people—or anyone, really—as permanent employees'.
This is why we see in our US cities those FARM TEAM GLOBAL 1% PLAYERS working hard to be that politician doing ANYTHING THEY ARE TOLD to become part of this crony and nepotistic CASTE SYSTEM. So, Greater Spain 99% will become that lower caste----those forced to become EX-PATS while Catalonia/Barcelona will fill with the global 1% and their 2% just as with San Francisco and MOVING FORWARD in our mid-size US cities deemed Foreign Economic Zones.
'Home in Shanghai
About six months after leaving Spain, De Zavala got a call from the engineering firm he’d interviewed with. They wanted to offer him a job at a processing plant two hours from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for about €1,800 ($1,900) a month'.
We are POSITIVE these EX-PATS whether from Spain or US might get near a salary overseas at first---but they will become the same wage worker as in Shanghai. Global 1% will get the 99% to move and then those citizens become WORLD CITIZENS---NOT SOVEREIGN CITIZENS along with those third world wages and work conditions......
This is to where 99% of Spanish citizens have been moving since 2008 economic crash-----if unemployment is going down in Spain it is because the unemployed are being made EX-PATS. Meanwhile, FRANCO-era cronyism and nepotism is returning.
How Spain Wound Up with One of The Worst Job Markets in the World
Photograph by Angel Navarrete—Bloomberg via Getty Images
Spain's labor rules discourage companies from hiring young people—or anyone, really—as permanent employees.
By Ian Mount
December 1, 2015
Soon after Spain’s December 20 national elections, the next Prime Minister will have to deal with one of the country’s great recurring problems: how to stop Fernando de Zavala Carvajal from leaving.
De Zavala had built a fairly impressive resume by 2012. A Spaniard by nationality and fluent in English from attending high school in the U.S., De Zavala held internships at Ernst & Young, JPMorgan, and L’Oréal while studying economics at Madrid’s Universidad Carlos III.
And so, despite Spain’s economic crisis, he was confident that he would find a job when he returned to Madrid after finishing college at New Zealand’s University of Otago. But after interviewing with 14 companies—many multiple times—all he got was a bank that said it wanted to hire him but couldn’t say when, where, or in what job, and an engineering firm that said it would have a job for him … in six months.
“I just wanted to do something,” says De Zavala, 26. “You can imagine that my self esteem was not very high.”
So De Zavala got on a plane to Shanghai, where he’d been offered an unpaid internship at the local branch of the Spanish Chamber of Commerce.
A two-track economy
It’s perhaps little surprise that Spain’s unemployment rate shot up after its real estate bubble popped in 2008. But the slowness of its return to normal levels and the rates of youth and long-term unemployment have been persistent thorns in Spain’s side. Despite its status as one of the fastest growing EU economies, Spain’s unemployment rate is 21.6%, the highest in the EU after Greece, and 47.7% of Spaniards under 25 in the job market (i.e. not studying) are jobless.
A good part of those problems can be blamed on one thing: Spain’s bizarre labor contracts.
“Spain can brag of having the worst labor market on the planet,” says Javier Díaz-Giménez, professor of economics at IESE Business School. “It’s very hard to find labor markets that have been able to break the 20% unemployment barrier three times in the last 30 years.”
For economists like Díaz-Giménez, the causes are as obvious as they are intractable. Historically, Spanish workers have had open-ended labor contracts that are very rigid and very generous when it comes to layoffs. Under the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, laid off workers received 60 days of pay for each year worked; today, even after a host of labor market reforms, they still get 33 days per year (or 20 if the employer is losing money).
Such labor rules have helped create an economy that is less than dynamic, to put it nicely. And so, to give companies some flexibility without angering unions and workers, Spain’s government liberalized the use of temporary contracts in 1984. Lasting a maximum of two years (after which the employee has to move on or be hired permanently), the contracts offer little protection, low layoff payouts, and usually dismal pay.
The two-track labor market, or “duality,” has split Spanish workers into castes and has created a system where companies have little motivation to bring on young people—or anyone, really—as permanent employees. It also encourages employers to create precarious, one-off jobs and discourages them from investing in training, because such employees are temporary. So far this year, almost 92% of the 15.4 million labor contracts signed in Spain have been temporary; about one in four contracts are for seven days or less.
The system also creates a volatile market where employers dump their temporary employees at the first sign of economic downturn. That’s why Spain’s unemployment has spiked much more than other European countries, says Marcel Jansen, a professor of economics at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. “Duality is one of the main causes of the dismal performance of the Spanish labor market.”
Spain’s labor market has also skewed its economy toward industries that are best served by temps, says José Ignacio Conde-Ruiz, deputy director of the Foundation of Applied Economic Studies (FEDEA). It is no surprise that tourism and construction—both heavy users of temp workers—have long been star industries in Spain. Almost one in four employed Spaniards are on temporary contracts, 10 points higher than the EU average and higher than every EU country but Poland.
The single contract
In 2009, Díaz-Giménez and Jansen were among a group promoting labor market reform through what was known as the Manifesto of the 100 Economists. The central idea was to end labor market “duality” by all but eliminating temporary contracts and putting every worker on the same unified contract. This contract would offer workers more protection than the temporary contracts but less layoff money than the current long-term agreements, maybe 10-12 days per year worked, says Díaz-Giménez.
The idea seems to be gaining political traction. The economic guru of the upstart Ciudadanos party, Luis Garicano, signed the Manifesto. And the party—which will likely have great influence in Spain’s parliament after the December elections—has a single contract in its economic platform.
Meanwhile, political parties are beginning to pay attention to Spain’s other giant labor problem—the need to train and aid the 2.1 million people who, according to Jansen, have been unemployed for over two years and lack marketable skills.
“Clearly, this is a system of labor relations that is completely dysfunctional, that must be radically reformed,” says Díaz-Giménez. “[But] it will be really difficult to change unless we get a truly reformist political party that has weight in parliament.”
Home in Shanghai
About six months after leaving Spain, De Zavala got a call from the engineering firm he’d interviewed with. They wanted to offer him a job at a processing plant two hours from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for about €1,800 ($1,900) a month.
But it was too late. After his internship at the Spanish Chamber of Commerce ended, he’d found an account manager job at a Shanghai-based Internet startup, which paid him more.
A few months later, he and a friend founded IntuuChina, a relocation firm that matches young people with internships and jobs in China. So far, they have placed 286 people, 35% of whom are from Spain.
“I think the best move I did was to move,” he says, lamenting the state of his home country. “They haven’t been flexible, they haven’t been able to adapt to give young people a chance. In the long term, it will mean Spanish companies are outdated and extremely boring to work with.”
That failure has at least had one positive effect, according to De Zavala.
“The positive side is that there’s been a boom in entrepreneurship in my generation,” he says. “That’s the silver lining in this whole sad story.”
Here is Spain mostly in Barcelona/Catalonia, Basque regions where ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES and global banking is building SMART CITIES-------as Spain's 99% are shipped overseas as EX-PATS Barcelona region is recruiting those same foreign HIGH-SKILLED WORKERS from developing nations to take all professional white collar jobs. These foreign high-skilled workers are not more talented or educated then our US STEM grads-----this is a deliberate population shift happening in Western nations AS HAPPENED IN ASIA, MIDDLE-EAST, LATIN AMERICA these few decades of Clinton/Bush/Obama human capital distribution system----now WE THE PEOPLE THE 99% in Spain and US get to be those global labor pool 99% while those global 1% and their 2% come to US ---or Barcelona to take what few jobs will be created.
BARCELONA EXIT---AS BREXIT----AS CALIF EXIT----AS IN TEXAS EXIT---ARE ALL SIMPLY THOSE REGIONS IN US AND SPAIN HAVING TAKEN ALL THAT NATIONS' WEALTH AND NOW THEY WANT TO RUN---
Spain's top expat jobs
25 February 2013
Don't be put off from looking for a job in Spain if you don't speak the language. Photo: Victor1558/Flickr
If your hopes of looking for work in Spain have been dented by news of sky-high unemployment rates, ever-decreasing salaries and long working hours, think again.
There are still a number of industries where skilled foreign employees are very much in demand. We spoke to recruiting specialists and expats with on-the-ground knowledge to find out which jobs are hot in 2013.
Engineering: According to a recent study by recruitment giant Manpower, engineering was the most sought-after qualification in Spain in 2012. If you have some valuable work experience under your belt and can understand enough technical Spanish to communicate with co-workers, you may well be in with a shot. Test engineer at Airbus Spain Héctor López has several foreign colleagues: "At a big multinational like this, you can get away with only speaking English. It's unlikely you can for a small national firm though."
Customer service and after-sales assistance: If languages are your forte, you're in with a chance of getting work at one of the many call centres international companies have in Spain. Speaking Finnish, German or Danish may prove more crucial than Spanish!
IT: Tech jobs aimed at expats are widely advertised online, from software testers with French to programmers with Dutch. Manpower told The Local that Spanish recruiters are currently scouring the job market for iOS and Android developers, SAP experts and SEO and SEM strategists.
Finance: Leticia Herrán, director at Antal International's Spain recruitment agency, thinks local job candidates for financial roles tend to lack international experience that foreign contenders often have. "If the job involves working on an international scale rather than just in Spain, foreign candidates don't necessarily have to be fluent in Spanish." Manpower headhunter María José Martín adds, "If you have relevant experience, languages and are willing to relocate, you can find a job as a financial director, collections manager or treasury inspector."
Online Marketing: International accounts manager Benoit Folinais says he spoke little-to-no Spanish when he landed his first online marketing job in Madrid five years ago. He's since worked for internet companies Zenio, Kelkoo and now Yahoo. "Although I'm now fluent in Spanish, I landed most of my jobs by being proactive, networking on LinkedIn and with other expats in Spain, and by speaking three other languages." Community and social media management jobs are widely advertised on Spanish job sites.
Skilled trades: Manpower’s study on Spain’s skills shortage points out the lack of skilled manual labourers. If you’re a plumber, mechanic, welder or electrician who speaks Spanish or is willing to learn, you could well be in luck.
Language teaching: Seen by many expats as a means of making an ‘easy’ living or as a useful back-up plan whilst looking for other work, teaching English in Spain can certainly be worthwhile. Flexible hours, good pay and plenty of demand make it a great way to kick-start your Spanish career. Many other languages are also sought after for private lessons or in offices. Make sure you contact language schools before moving and get a fast-track qualification in teaching if you have no prior experience.
Historically US Foreign Economic Zones as Barcelona and Spain recruited foreign 'high-skilled' workers to pay them less than our US middle-class----now that our US middle-class is almost eliminated-----we see salaries going up for what are global 2%. While US 99% of citizens still made up the majority of citizens inside that US Foreign Economic Zone---as San Fran the delicate work of leaving more and more US citizens long-term unemployed necessitated global 1% keep those foreign highly skilled salaries low to justify bringing them to US-----
WE ARE ABLE TO HIGH-SKILLED WORKERS AND PAY THEM LESS SO WE INCREASE THAT H-1B RECRUITMENT NUMBER.
As US citizens are pushed out of US Foreign Economic Zones----as San Fran-----MOVING FORWARD IN BALTIMORE----the Western nations in Europe, Canada, UK, Europe must pay these foreign high-skilled workers more money to get them to move to BARCELONA---SAN FRAN---BALTIMORE. Remember, these foreign high-skilled workers are no more talented or educated than our STEM grads---they are simply those global 1% and their 2%. It matters more to create that CASTE structure inside Foreign Economic Zones than it does to have meritocracy in hiring the best.
THIS GLOBAL MIGRATION IS NOT ABOUT MOVING THE BEST OF THE BEST---IT IS ABOUT MOVING THE GLOBAL 1% AND THEIR 2% INTO ALL FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES PUSHING 99% OF CITIZENS OUTSIDE THE CASTLE WALLS.
As MOVING FORWARD SMART CITIES TECHNOLOGY eliminate almost all jobs and the need to push sovereign citizens in US and Catalonia is gone----then these foreign high-skill will be abandoned as well---as will those global 2%----this is ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE FOR ONLY THE GLOBAL 1%. This population shifting in Western nations filling with global labor pool will occur these few decades---but if MOVING FORWARD continues SMART CITIES technology will be installed by 2040-50.
The higher salary for foreign high-skill is simply the competition in all Western nations for foreign STEM workers.......
August 16, 2017
Salaries have risen for high-skilled foreign workers in U.S. on H-1B visas
By Neil G. Ruiz and Jens Manuel Krogstad
U.S. employers planned to pay high-skilled foreign workers with H-1B visas a median salary of $80,000 a year in fiscal year 2016, up from about $69,000 a decade earlier, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of new U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services data.
This is the first time the U.S. government has made salary information about H-1B applicants publicly available. Most H-1B applicants get approved for visas, so the data provide a window into the salaries of high-skilled foreign workers employed in the United States.
The 2016 median salary reported for H-1B visa applicants was higher than the median salary paid to some U.S. workers in similar high-skill occupations. For example, U.S. workers in computer and mathematical occupations had a median salary of $75,036 in fiscal 2016, a slight increase from 2007, when the median salary was $73,979 (adjusted to 2016 dollars), according to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data on all U.S. workers. The majority (60%) of all H-1B applicants from fiscal 2007 to 2016 were seeking employment in computer and mathematical occupations.
The H-1B visa program is the primary way employers in the U.S. hire high-skilled foreign workers. The program allows employers to hire foreigners to work for up to six years in jobs that require highly specialized knowledge, and workers’ employment may be extended if they have green card applications pending. To participate, employers first submit applications to the U.S. Department of Labor attesting that no U.S. citizen worker would be displaced by the prospective foreign worker. The application is then reviewed by USCIS before the State Department interviews the foreign worker and issues the visa.
Several bills have been proposed in Congress this year to change the H-1B program, and the Trump administration has said it backs a plan that would reverse decades of U.S. immigration policy by admitting more high-skilled immigrants and fewer low-skilled immigrants.
The new USCIS data, released as part of the administration’s review of the nation’s immigration policy, do not allow for precise estimates of the total number of H-1B visa holders in the U.S., in part because figures for first-time and renewal applicants are not separated. (The data also combine visas subject to an annual cap and those not subject to the cap.)
The USCIS data show that overall demand for H-1B visas has increased sharply over the past decade. The number of total H-1B visa applications filed by employers on behalf of foreign workers increased from 246,126 in fiscal 2009 to 399,349 in 2016, and is on pace to reach a new high in 2017. Overall, U.S. employers filed more than 3.4 million H-1B visa applications from fiscal 2007 through the end of June 2017 (the first nine months of fiscal 2017).
The U.S. government also released H-1B visa salaries that individual employers plan to pay foreign workers, as indicated on applications approved by USCIS (and still subject to State Department review).
The biggest names in technology planned to pay the highest average salary to H-1B visa holders in fiscal 2016. But they also expected to hire fewer workers than other companies, according to data on applications approved by USCIS. Facebook planned to pay an average salary of $140,758 on 1,107 H-1B visa applications (a total that includes both first-time and renewal applications), the highest average salary paid among the 30 companies with the most visa approvals. Apple planned to pay a $138,563 average salary on 1,992 applications, while Google paid a $131,882 average salary on 2,517 applications.
The top prospective employers of foreign workers on H-1B visas provide information technology and other business services. Cognizant Tech Solutions, an IT consulting company based in New Jersey, had 21,459 applications approved in fiscal 2016, the most of any company. The next two top H-1B employers are companies based in India with offices in the U.S.: Infosys (12,780 applications approved) and Tata Consultancy (11,295).
'The church won't do it. Franco was, above all, a nationalist, authoritarian Catholic – and Francoist nostalgia is said to endure in Spain's ultra-traditionalist church'.
When we use the term FAR-RIGHT, AUTHORITARIAN, MILITARISTIC, EXTREME WEALTH EXTREME POVERTY LIBERTARIAN MARXISM---we are using the term that describes last century's FASCIST LEADERS. We discussed in detail why MAO AND STALIN were not SOCIALIST/COMMUNIST MARXISTS---they were simply working for their global 1% rich to restructure those Chinese/Russian societies. Fascists Hitler, Franco, Mussolini were the same --they simply used corporate/nationalist fascism to create those extreme wealth extreme poverty structures.
Below we are reminded of what brutality lies with these far-right global 1% authoritarian fascists---and Spain tied to Chile and Pinochet......is a model for US CITIES DEEMED FOREIGN ECONOMIC ZONES as our US global 1% MOVE FORWARD.
We would suggest to our 99% of black citizens fighting police brutality these several years of Obama were getting a dose of FRANCO which is why white 99% of citizens marched with those 99% black citizens protesting police brutality. We can bet the stage for civil unrest will unfold in Spain as was done in Latin America several decades ago and the same will come to US cities as MOVING FORWARD pushes more and more US black, white, and brown 99% of citizens out of work---out of housing---out of Greater Baltimore.
This MOVING FORWARD far-right wing authoritarian, militaristic, extreme wealth and extreme poverty FRANCO fascism is what brought thousands of protesters AFTER Barcelona separatist in response to police brutality---AND it is what brought out thousands of protestors black, white, and brown 99% to protest police brutality in US. SAME OLD WORLD MERCHANTS OF VENICE MOVING FORWARD ONE WORLD FOR ONLY THE GLOBAL 1%.
Spain and the lingering legacy of Franco
The fascist dictator's shadow still hangs over Spain – but can this generation or the next finally bring catharsis to the nation?
Spain's fascist dicator, Francisco Franco's tomb. The forces of 'El caudillo' killed 113,000 during and after the civil war.
Photograph: Philippe Desmazes/AFP/Getty Jonathan Freedland in Madrid
Monday 28 March 2011 01.59 EDT First published on Monday 28 March 2011 01.59 EDT
Everything is as grey as granite. The skies, the mountains, the enormous crucifix hewn from the mountain rock – said to be one of the tallest in the world – and, in its shadow, the vast basilica of Valle de los Caídos in the Sierra de Guadarrama, near Madrid, where rests the body of General Francisco Franco, the last dictator of Spain.
Inside is no different. The church is as wide and tall as any cathedral, the distance from entrance to altar long enough to rival St Peter's in Rome. And all of it is filled with the cold, stone grey of the mountains. Above the pews, standing like sentries on their outsized columns, loom hooded statue monks, their granite hands resting on unsheathed swords, as if ready.
At the altar 14 purple-clad Benedictine monks conduct morning mass, a solemn ceremony faithful to the most unchanged Catholic ritual. An altar boy rings a bell and, at that second, the lights are turned off, filling this cavernous place with darkness – save for the beam shining on Christ upon the cross.
There is no denying the sheer, intimidating power of both spectacle and location: the Catholic-raised translator at my side gasps, confessing that he has never seen anything like it.
Spain's socialist government understands the potency of Valle de los Caídos, or Valley of the Fallen. Indeed, much energy has been devoted to taming it. Since 2009, the site has been closed to general visitors; only those attending mass are allowed. Just to make sure, a guard hands arrivals a slip of paper, reminding them that they are there "for religious purposes only".
The result is that, on this sleeting March morning, the priests outnumber the congregation, with no more than 10 people in the pews.
The official explanation is restoration work. But most believe the government wants to ward off those who might be drawn by the two words, etched into the church floor on the far side of the altar, accompanied by a simple cross, Francisco Franco: a burial spot marked on the day I visited by two bouquets, one made up of blood-red roses. Or perhaps by the plaque that honours Franco as the "caudillo de España" (military leader of Spain), who built the Valley of the Fallen in 1959, or by the sight of the Franco crest on the plaza walls outside.
To be safe, on 20 November – the anniversary of the dictator's death in 1975 – visitors' car boots are checked to ensure they are not bringing in placards or flags associated with Franco's fascist Falange party.
The government is considering legislation to deal with the Valle de los Caídos, appointing a panel of historians to advise. Should there, for example, be an exhibition detailing the monument's history, explaining that much of it was built by up to 20,000 prisoners drawn from those Franco had defeated?
The nervousness that surrounds the monument, an hour or so outside Madrid, is proof of the long shadow still cast by the event that defined 20th-century Spain: the civil war that began 75 years ago, when Franco mounted an army rebellion against the democratically elected government of the republic. Officially, the Spanish civil war ended in 1939, but as the acclaimed novelist Javier Cercas puts it when we meet in his Barcelona studio: "This is the past that has not passed. The civil war is still here."
Visit the fashionable La Casa Encendida gallery in Madrid and you can see the evidence. An exhibition by photographer Gervasio Sánchez on "the disappeared" shows bereaved families exhuming the remains of their loved ones from unmarked graves – something that has become a national phenomenon in Spain in the past decade.
In village after village, the children and grandchildren of republicans who were executed and their bodies dumped have sought to find them and give them a decent burial.
Those efforts now have state blessing, thanks to the law on historical memory passed by the Zapatero government in 2007, but they have sparked enormous controversy. Old wounds have been reopened: I was told of one village where a trio of elderly women broke into pro-Franco songs as the bones of long-dead, but still-hated, republicans were lowered into the ground.
Or witness the fate of Spain's best-known judge, Baltasar Garzón, who led the 1998 effort to bring Augusto Pinochet to justice. Having taken on corrupt politicians, international drug-traffickers and terrorists, he finally met his match in the ghosts of Spain's recent past. Last year he was suspended by the country's supreme court after he opened an investigation into the estimated 113,000 people executed by Franco's forces during and after the war.
To be fair, even many republican sympathisers agree that Garzón had overstepped the line, accusing him of folly in pursuing a crime whose chief perpetrator, Franco, is long dead.
But there's no denying the rawness of the nerve he touched. One group agitating in Garzón's defence brands its website Franco no ha muerto - Franco is not dead.
Any attempt to explain the grip the Franco period still exerts starts with the simple matter of chronology. While Germany and Italy were rid of their dictators by 1945, the caudillo ruled 30 years longer. Whatever process of stocktaking their fellow western Europeans undertook was delayed for the Spanish by three decades.
More deeply, Spain differs because while Hitler and Mussolini were utterly defeated, Franco won. "Germans know that they were on the wrong side," says Javier Cercas, whose million-selling 2001 novel, Soldiers of Salamis, grappled with how Spain remembers its civil war – and whose mass success proved how much the question still burns. "There was no blurring. In Spain, there's blurring. On German TV you can't see people saying Hitler was great. You can in Spain," he says, speaking of a Francoist nostalgia that has not been entirely extinguished.
Part of it is generational, with grandchildren eager to look into experiences that were too close for their parents. Part of it is scale. With so much attention devoted to the crimes of Nazism, it's easy to forget the extent of the horrors committed in Spain.
Nigel Townson, a British-born historian based in Madrid, says that the steady flow of revelations from the archives have shocked the Spanish, concluding that, with 50,000 killed even after the civil war had ended, Franco's rule amounts to "the most severe peacetime repression in any country in Europe, barring the Soviet Union".
What all agree on is that Spain's "pact of silence" is now over. The phrase is widely misunderstood, thought to refer to an all-pervasive omerta that barred anyone in Spain speaking of the Franco past after his death, thereby keeping a lid on memories that was only recently blown off. "Bullshit," says Cercas. "Nonsense," says Townson, noting the 3,000 books published in Spanish on the civil war between 1975 and 1995 and the slew of TV documentaries, movies and newspaper articles that accompanied them. The real "pact of silence" was among the political classes, who agreed not to use the past as a weapon against each other during the post-1975 transition from dictatorship to democracy. Central to that pact was the 1977 amnesty law, which has ensured there has not been a single prosecution – not of Franco's men, nor of the republicans accused of massacres of their own (part of the case against Garzón was that he was breaching the 1977 amnesty).
Among the writers and intellectuals who debate such matters, many defend that accord of silence. "We had to make an agreement in order not to fight another civil war," says the historian Jorge Reverte, who cheerfully describes himself as a red as we stand gazing at the iconic image of the 1936-39 conflict, Pablo Picasso's Guernica, which stills draws awestruck crowds at Madrid's Reina Sofía museum.
That political armistice, broken in the last few years, was doubtless necessary. But it has come at a price.
In order to have peace, many in Spain feel they have sacrificed justice. The murderers went unpunished and Franco died in his bed.
What's more, Spain has lacked the catharsis that can come with a full reckoning with the past. There has been no equivalent of Germany's Willy Brandt moment, when the then-chancellor sank to his knees in atonement for the Holocaust.
Could one yet come? Not from the rightwing People's party, which may well form Spain's next government. Several times I was told that too many luminaries of the PP have family ties with the Franco regime: they are the sons and daughters of those who served the caudillo. So far they have been wary of attacking Francoism for fear of seeming to condemn their own forebears.
The church won't do it. Franco was, above all, a nationalist, authoritarian Catholic – and Francoist nostalgia is said to endure in Spain's ultra-traditionalist church.
The obvious candidate is King Juan Carlos I, widely credited with holding the country together in the precarious years of transition and standing firm during the abortive coup attempt of 1981. But he too is hardly able to make the move. For he was Franco's chosen heir, whose coronation helped reassure Franco supporters, allowing them to accept the move to democracy.
The task may fall instead to his son, Felipe. Or maybe, wonders Cercas, the healing can only come when "the great-grandchildren" take over – when every last person who lived through those events is as dead and silent as the Valley of the Fallen.