PLEASE DO NOT ALLOW THESE NEO-LIBERALS TO REVISE WHAT HAPPENED AS THEY TRY TO SKIRT THE TRUTH AS TO HOW CRIMINAL THE US FINANCIAL SYSTEM IS AND HOW TENS OF TRILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN FRAUD NEED TO COME BACK TO GOVERNMENT COFFERS AND INDIVIDUALS!
Regarding a revisionist look at the 2008 financial collapse:
I think anyone left listening to NPR/Marketplace on WYPR knows what was presented was propaganda and not journalism so I will just give snippets that show most of what was presented was untrue. We do want to thank public media journalists before the 2010 corporate takeover of public media for their professional and accurate journalism. We know they did so knowing their jobs may be in peril. Professionalism requires commitment to integrity and honesty and those journalists pre-2010 had just that!
In a Peabody Award winning program, NPR correspondents argued that a "Giant Pool of Money" (represented by $70 trillion in worldwide fixed income investments) sought higher yields than those offered by U.S. Treasury bonds early in the decade. This pool of money had roughly doubled in size from 2000 to 2007, yet the supply of relatively safe, income generating investments had not grown as fast. Investment banks on Wall Street answered this demand with products such as the mortgage-backed security and the collateralized debt obligation that were assigned safe ratings by the credit rating agencies.
As we all know, this mortgage fraud was conceived at the same time Clinton and his Administrative team, Larry Summers and Robert Rubin were breaking the Glass Steagall wall and this fraud had as its goal the movement of massive amounts of wealth to the top earners through fraud. A goal was to clear the poor and working class from urban centers where Master Plans across the country set affluent development and blowing up the FHA with debt as Wall Street wanted control of all mortgage business.
For anyone not believing when this collapse happened that the entire massive fraud was not planned, there is no doubt today. As the current report on NPR pointed out.....every single bank had credit default swaps (insurance) for all of these mortgage investments with AIG. It is ironic that the 9-11 memory falls at the same time as the anniversary of the 2008 collapse. The jihadist attacked Wall Street for the very reasons that brought the economic collapse just years later!
Five years from the collapse we have the same conditions as existed then....no financial reform, 600 trillion dollars in derivative leverage......little capitalization and an economy ready to collapse this time with bond debt. Again, this collapse will be fueled by fraud as all of the municipal bond/sovereign debt that has happened these several years happened through public malfeasance in collusion with Wall Street just as with the pensions thrown into the stock market in 2007 as the market crashed. Loading municipalities with debt so the next economic collapse created by the bond bubble would move more public assets to the top earners. This is a second phase of wealth redistribution to the top. As everyone in Maryland knows, O'Malley and Rawlings-Blake have leveraged the state and city with so much bond debt that when this crash happens next year.....and it will be much bigger than the 2008 crash....there will be no Federal rescue. Don't worry for the banks.....they already have their credit default swaps for bond investments!
THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVE YET TO RECOVER TENS OF TRILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN FINANCIAL FRAUD FROM THE PAST DECADE. REMEMBER, WHEN RULE OF LAW IS SUSPENDED....SO IS STATUTES OF LIMITATION.
Why do you think Maryland is still listed as the state still having mortgage foreclosures? We were ground zero for the mortgage fraud with MERS operating from the Washington beltway. Gansler gave what was the parking ticket settlement of $1 billion to the state fund so O'Malley could claim he balanced the budget (O'Malley used huge cuts in Medicaid to do the same----what a guy...he did that for families!) The money that should have gone to communities and people effected by the fraud went to developers to pad the cost of building new and affluent homes. Baltimore now has such high homelessness, crime, and poverty because in part politicians have refused to demand justice for the citizens of Baltimore and Maryland. Almost nothing has been done to mitigate the damages of job loss and personal savings lost from the massive mortgage fraud in Maryland. We will bring the corporate fraud back as we rebuild the public justice system state by state!
Below you see some articles that completely negate the report just given by NPR/Marketplace. There have been no real stress tests....there is no real bank capitalization.....none of the financial reform has been enacted and most has been watered away.....the banks are as leveraged and bigger than before.....AND THEY ARE STILL COMMITTING FRAUD EVERY DAY WITH NO JUSTICE!
Class Dunce Passes Fed’s Stress Test Without a Sweat.
Bank Stress Tests Viewed As Fed Deception By Critics
Posted on March 19, 2012 in Bank Lending, Banking News
Every banker knows that public confidence in the banking industry is essential.
With the banking industry approaching a near meltdown last year, the Federal Reserve decided to conduct a series of “stress tests” on the country’s largest banks in order to restore confidence in the banking system. After reviewing the results of the stress tests, many critics now say that the tests were a deception by the Federal Reserve designed to deceive the public into believing that the banking system is sound when, in fact, it is not.
Gary Shilling, who remains bearish on housing and the economy, argues that the fundamentals for the banking industry remain weak in Bank Stress Tests Don’t End The Pain.
The business climate for major banks around the world has changed remarkably in just four years. Decades ago, they set off on a huge leveraging spree. Then, starting in 2007, many institutions holding bad private and sovereign assets had to be bailed out by central banks and governments to prevent a collapse of the global financial system.
Even with help from the release of reserves for bad loans, U.S. banks’ return on equity was 6.8 percent in the fourth quarter, compared with 15 percent in the pre-crisis salad days. Return on assets, which skips leverage, is 0.76 percent, down from 1.4 percent.
Banks will also be faced with low returns on their basic business as slow economic growth, falling house prices, small returns on stocks, low interest rates and a flat yield curve persist in the remaining five to seven years of global deleveraging that I foresee. Consumer loans will be repaid on balance, and record nonfinancial corporate liquidity and slow economic growth will continue to curb borrowing and mergers-and- acquisitions activity. Then there are the huge counterparty risks on derivatives and potential large further write downs of troubled assets.
Do current prices reflect the continuing deleveraging of banks, persistent slow loan growth, further write-offs of bad real estate and other assets, compressed interest-rate margins, increased capital requirements and increasingly stringent regulation? I’m not convinced they do. NO!
Jonathan Weil argues in a Bloomberg article that Fed testing of regulatory capital has no connection to reality when it comes to big banks surviving another financial crisis since banks that failed or needed huge bailouts during the crash of 2008 were classified at the time as “well capitalized” by regulators. Weil goes on to describe the Fed stress tests as a “joke” when they tested Regions Financial Corp which still hasn’t paid back TARP money and has a negative tangible common equity of $525 million
1000x Systemic Leverage: $600 Trillion In Gross Derivatives "Backed" By $600 Billion In Collateral
Submitted by Tyler Durden on 12/24/2012 10:07 -0400
There is much debate whether when it comes to the total notional size of outstanding derivatives, it is the gross notional that matters (roughly $600 trillion), or the amount which takes out biletaral netting and other offsetting positions (much lower). We explained previously how gross is irrelevant... until it is, i.e. until there is a breach in the counterparty chain and suddenly all net becomes gross (as in the case of the Lehman bankruptcy), such as during a financial crisis, i.e., the only time when gross derivative exposure becomes material (er, by definition). But a bigger question is what is the actual collateral backing this gargantuan market which is about 10 times greater than the world's combined GDP, because as the "derivative" name implies all this exposure is backed on some dedicated, real assets, somewhere. Luckily, the IMF recently released a discussion note titled "Shadow Banking: Economics and Policy" where quietly hidden in one of the appendices it answers precisely this critical question. The bottom line: $600 trillion in gross notional derivatives backed by a tiny $600 billion in real assets: a whopping 0.1% margin requirement! Surely nothing can possibly go wrong with this amount of unprecedented 1000x systemic leverage.
Keep in mind that US bank capital was as high as 70% before the Reagan/Clinton bank deregulation started and most financial experts wanted financial reform to have it restored to around 40%. Neo-liberals moved it from what was 2% at the time of the 2008 crash to what you see below. I think these numbers are high. Needless to say.....this does nothing for bank health.
Bank capitalization means how much physical assets does a bank have to back loans and credit. As we saw with the article above on the amount of leverage now....your neo-liberal and Obama found it hard to just raise the requirement to 9-10%. This is what causes the need to bailout these banks....they bet $600 trillion with just a few hundred billion of capital.
US Bank Capitalization
2008 09 10 11 12
United States 9.3 10.9 11.1 11.2 11.3
Giant Banks Now 30% Bigger than When Dodd-Frank Financial “Reform” Law Was Passed
Posted on April 17, 2012 by WashingtonsBlog
Size of Banks Killing Economy … But Giant Banks Have Only Gotten Bigger Since Financial “Reform” Enacted
For years, many high-level economists and financial experts have said that – unless we break up the giant banks – our economy will never recover, real reform will be blocked, and democracy and the rule of law will be corrupted.
So how did the government respond to the financial crisis which started in 2007?
Let the giant banks get even bigger.
As Bloomberg notes, the five banks that held assets equal to 43% of the US economy in 2007 before the financial crisis and the bank bailout now control assets that equal 56% of the US economy:
Two years after President Barack Obama vowed to eliminate the danger of financial institutions becoming “too big to fail,” the nation’s largest banks are bigger than they were before the credit crisis.
Five banks – JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM), Bank of America Corp., Citigroup Inc., Wells Fargo & Co., and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. — held $8.5 trillion in assets at the end of 2011, equal to 56 percent of the U.S. economy, according to the Federal Reserve.
Five years earlier, before the financial crisis, the largest banks’ assets amounted to 43 percent of U.S. output. The Big Five today are about twice as large as they were a decade ago relative to the economy, sparking concern that trouble at a major bank would rock the financial system and force the government to step in as it did during the 2008 crunch.
“Market participants believe that nothing has changed, that too-big-to-fail is fully intact,” said Gary Stern, former president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
That specter is eroding faith in Obama’s pledge that taxpayer-funded bailouts are a thing of the past. It is also exposing him to criticism from Federal Reserve officials, Republicans and Occupy Wall Street supporters, who see the concentration of bank power as a threat to economic stability.
The industry’s evolution defies the president’s January 2010 call to “prevent the further consolidation of our financial system.” Embracing new limits on banks’ trading operations, Obama said then that taxpayers wouldn’t be well “served by a financial system that comprises just a few massive firms.”
Simon Johnson, a former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund, blames a “lack of leadership at Treasury and the White House” for the failure to fulfill that promise. “It’d be safer to break them up,” he said.
Regulatory burden could promote further industry consolidation, according to Wilbur Ross, chairman of WL Ross & Co., a private-equity firm.
“We think the little tiny banks, the 90-odd percent of banks that are under $1.5 billion in deposits, are pretty much an obsolete phenomenon,” he told Bloomberg Television on March 14. “We think they’ll all have to merge with each other, be acquired by bigger banks or something.”
In 2011, funding costs for banks with more than $10 billion in assets were about one-third less than for the smallest banks, according to the FDIC.
Some presidents of regional Federal Reserve banks have lambasted too big to fail. As Bloomberg notes:
In recent weeks, at least four current Fed presidents — Esther George of Kansas City, Charles Plosser of Philadelphia, Jeffrey Lacker of Richmond and Richard Fisher of Dallas — have voiced similar worries about the risk of a renewed crisis.
But the most powerful Fed bank – the New York Fed – and Bernanke’s Federal Open Market Committee, as well as Tim Geithner’s Treasury Department, have done everything possible to ensure that the the giant banks become too bigger to fail.
As those getting their news other than WYPR/NPR/Marketplace know.....the Fed policy and a bond bill written by Obama and neo-liberals in Congress is blowing up the bond market. THIS IS DELIBERATE....REMEMEBER, THE EUROPEAN DEBT IS SO BAD BECAUSE GOLDMAN SACHS AND DEUTSCHE BANK COLLUDED WITH FINANCIAL MINISTERS TO HIDE SOVEREIGN DEBT SO MORE AND MORE DEBT COULD BE TAKEN ON, JUST AS IS HAPPENING IN THE US TODAY!
Dennis Slothower – the financial analyst responsible for 2011's "Letter of the Year" according to MarketWatch.com - now warns...
Why Stocks Could Collapse...
Beginning as Soon as September 30th!
The Fed has propped up the equity markets for months...
but that could soon come to a disastrous end!
According to Marketwatch.com, Dennis Slothower is the guru behind “The investment letter that evaded the 2008 crash...(and) is now the top performer." -- Marketwatch.com, October 6, 2011
Right now, Dennis is issuing another dire warning.
His technical indicators suggest that the market manipulation we’ve seen over the last several months is about to come to an end.
And with very real threats to this artificially inflated market coming from a potential U.S. debt downgrade...for the possibility of a European collapse...and a sluggish U.S. economy - the bottom could fall out of the U.S. stock market at any time.
This correction could begin as soon as September 30th – so it’s important that you take action now to prepare yourself.
Whiteout Press Independent News for independent thinkers and independent voters!
November 30, 2011 Special thanks to Bloomberg Marketplace for their detailed reporting.
$700 Billion Bank Bailout was Secretly $7 Trillion November 30, 2011. Washington.
In 2008, President Bush, Secretary Paulson and Chairman Bernanke crafted a bank bailout program they termed TARP or the Toxic Asset Relief Program. It was created in the middle of the night, over a weekend, because if they didn’t act by Monday they said, there wouldn’t be an America anymore. With confusion and fear in his eyes, President Bush handed the reins of power to the former CEO of Goldman Sachs. And instead of limiting himself to the $700 billion Congress grudgingly approved, Hank Paulson printed $7 trillion dollars, funneled it through the Federal Reserve and handed it over to the world’s biggest banks with no strings attached and in total secrecy.
Hank Paulson, former Goldman Sachs CEO and architect of the bank bailouts
While watching Whiteout Press’ favorite morning business show, 'In Business with Margaret Brennan' on Bloomberg TV, the show was interrupted by a startling announcement. Bloomberg investigators had uncovered details that the most powerful men in Washington and New York were desperate to keep secret. In fact, Bloomberg had to sue the Federal government for access to the events of 2009 and 2010 regarding the US bank bailout. The Federal Reserve however, insisted all details of the largest bank bailout in the history of the world had to be kept completely secret from the American people.
The government fought releasing the secret details all the way the US Supreme Court. Earlier this year, Bloomberg won their lawsuit. Treasury and the FED weren’t going to surrender to the American people that easy however. The FED turned over 29,000 documents and details of 21,000 transactions made during the time period covered by TARP and the nation’s bank bailout. Attempting to handcuff Bloomberg investigators with an avalanche of documentation, imagine their surprise when Margaret Brennan’s show was interrupted yesterday with the unbelievable news that the bank bailout American’s were led to believe was only $700 billion, was actually $7.77 trillion. According to the NY Fed, the total amount of US currency in circulation in the entire world at the time was only $829 billion.
While the events are difficult to follow for anyone who’s not familiar with the strange way America’s banking and economic system works, not to mention all the government and Wall Street secrecy, here’s a novice’s view of what happened during the panicked early days of America’s economic collapse. When the $700 billion bank bailout authorized by Congress wasn’t going to be anywhere near enough to save banks like Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan, Citigroup and Bank of America, Ben Bernanke and the FED opened up the nation’s discount borrowing window – to the tune of $7.77 trillion dollars.
Republican Presidential candidate Ron Paul (R-TX) could do a much better job of explaining the almost criminal nature of the FED than this Whiteout Press author ever could. With his pledge to abolish the FED, Rep Paul might explain – imagine you Joe Citizen walk into your city hall and ask for a $10 billion dollar loan at zero percent interest. They give you, and only you, that loan because you’re ‘special’. You then loan that $10 billion out to others at 5, 10 or 20 percent yearly interest for things like homes, which are guaranteed by the taxpayers, so there’s no risk of nonpayment. When that $15 or $20 billion is paid back to you, you pay back the FED the original $10 billion and keep the rest.
Instead of loaning that $7.77 trillion to the American people as the American government intended, banks throughout the world took advantage of the US taxpayer and used that money to secretly cover massive losses the banks were suffering from their stupidly investing in their own worthless financial instruments – instruments the banks knew were worthless and doomed to fail. Like a modern day shell game, trillions of dollars floated from one banking institution to another, appearing to fill all balance sheet holes everywhere. Not all the banks used the money to fill holes however. Some used it to make massive profits.
The Bloomberg reporting revealed banks like Barclays, Banco Santander and BNP Parabas made a fortune on the US taxpayer program. Barclays turned their money into a $26.7 billion profit. Banco Santander profited $29.2 billion and BNP Parabas made $17.1 billion.
They weren’t alone. According to Bloomberg’s data, 97 different financial institutions around the globe turned their ‘discount window’ into profits during the two years of the financial crisis. The most suspicious part – the US government insisted on keeping every single transaction a secret. In one day alone at the end of 2008, the Federal Reserve gave out $1.2 trillion dollars to banks – the most on any day before or since.
For those who remember, Bank of America was accused of using its funds not to bailout underwater homeowners, but instead to purchase a bank in China. Bank of America made a profit of $14.2 billion using their ‘special’ discount borrowing privilege. Bank of America wasn’t the only player in the middle of the US financial collapse that made massive profits off the US taxpayer. Wells Fargo made $12.1 billion. JP Morgan made $13.8 billion, Goldman Sachs made $12.7 billion, American Express made $1.4 billion, Discover made $1.4 billion, US Bancorp profited $7.2 billion, HSBC made $11.6 billion, PNC Financial $1.4 billion, Lloyds made $9.6 billion and the list goes on and on.
Not all the banks that made massive profits off the US taxpayers during the peak of the financial crisis were well-known American brands. Foreign banks also made billions in profits, including the National Australia Bank, Bank of Toronto, Mitsubishi, Skandinavista, Chang Hwa, the Israel Discount Bank and dozens more.
Not all banks used the US taxpayers to make billions in extra profits. Some banks tried, and lost.
Among the banks that lost money on the secret loan program were Citigroup, losing $29.3 billion, Royal Bank of Scotland lost $45.3 billion, Credit Suisse lost $4.1 billion, Deutsche Bank lost $433 million, Fifth Third lost $1 billion, Wachovia lost $31.6 billion, Merrill Lynch lost $35.9 billion, Arab Banking lost $77 million, Allied Irish Banks lost $3.4 billion, Morgan Stanley lost $3 billion, Industrial Bank of Korea lost $559 million and the list goes on and on.
Readers can take their pick regarding which aspect of this story to be most angry about. Some will be outraged that for-profit banks are taking advantage of the US taxpayer and making billions in free money. Others will be angry that based on the above list, it appears the US taxpayer is also guaranteeing the profits of foreign banks all over the world. And some will be outraged by the fact that the entire story was kept secret from not only the American people, but also their representative in Congress and even officials at the FED.
Bloomberg asked one longtime critic of giant banks, Rep. Sherrod Brown (D-OH), to comment. “When you see the dollars the banks got, it’s hard to make the case these were successful institutions,” she says, “This is an issue that can unite the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street. There are lawmakers in both parties who would change their votes now.”
Bloomberg also quotes other individuals who should have been aware of what was going on, but weren’t. Gary H. Stern, Minneapolis FED Chairman at the time, insists he, “wasn’t aware of the magnitude.” Rep. Brad Miller (D-NC), member of the House Financial Services Committee, says, “TARP at least had some strings attached. With the Fed programs, there was nothing.”
With hindsight being 20/20, Bloomberg looked at some of the biggest emergency borrowers and compared their financial situation with the outlook and forecasts made by the bank’s CEO’s to their shareholders. One such example is Ken Lewis, CEO of Bank of America. On November 26, 2008 he informed shareholders that BofA was, “one of the strongest and most stable major banks in the world.” We’ll let you the reader decide - Bank of America owed the US government a staggering $86 billion on that day.
Another example is JP Morgan Chase’s CEO Jamie Dimon. On March 26, 2010, he reassured his shareholders that JP Morgan didn’t need a bailout and only participated in the program in the beginning, “at the request of the Federal Reserve to help motivate others to use the system.” In reality, JP Morgan was still taking advantage of the emergency program and owed the US government $48 billion dollars more than a year after the program began.
As far as the American people go, the two Representatives of theirs in Congress that should have been made aware of what was going on, weren’t. Both the Republican and Democratic overseers of the massive bank bailout, Rep. Judd Gregg (R-NH) and Rep. Barney Frank (D-MA), both confirmed to Bloomberg they were kept in the dark.
“We were aware emergency efforts were going on” Frank said, “We didn’t know the specifics.” Congressman Frank announced his retirement earlier this week. Rep. Judd Gregg simply responded, “We didn’t know the specifics.” Former Congressman Judd Gregg is now employed by Goldman Sachs.
Most Americans couldn’t explain how banks function or how the bank bailout worked if their lives depended on it. But most assume the US taxpayer loaned billions to banks to save the industry and avoid economic collapse, rampant unemployment and a housing crash. But if one were to take a step back and look at the new landscape, a new picture emerges of what the bank bailout was really about. In the five years from before the crisis in 2006 to after the crisis in 2011, the six largest US banks increased their assets, or money and property they own, from $6.8 trillion dollars to $9.5 trillion.
Dallas Federal Reserve President Richard Fisher summed up the thoughts of many when he called that fact, “un-American”.