We have discussed in one week most of the categories of CIVIL ENGINEERING showing how what was once strong US PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC INTEREST has been corrupted and filled with fraud that will HARM WE THE PEOPLE THE 99%.
Please glance through to remind ourselves how our government is structured to think who is corrupting DO NO HARM PUBLIC INTEREST CIVIL ENGINEERING.
Whistleblower Rights Under Attack In Michigan
On behalf of NachtLaw PC posted in Employment Law on Friday, December 11, 2015.
As the election cycle continues to wind its way through our tv shows and newspapers, an unexpected element has been introduced into the usual media frenzy: whistleblower rights in the Michigan House of Representatives.
According to two former staffers, they were fired from their jobs after they had exposed an affair between their bosses, ex-Reps. Todd Courser and Cindy Gamrat. One of the two staffers also alleges in the federal complaint that he was pressured to send a sexually explicit email on government time.
Additional retaliation alleged by the staffers includes:
- Publication of the staffers' Social Security numbers
- The release of unrelated work emails to embarrass the staffers
- The circulation of rumors that the staffers would "plead the Fifth" in any investigation
Employees facing retaliation for their whistleblowing efforts need to know their rights. One approach to whistleblowing: hire an attorney to advise you during your decision-making process.
An attorney can help you perform your whistleblowing in accordance with the complicated laws that apply. In addition, that same attorney can then defend your rights should your employer retaliate.
We invite your questions about this difficult subject. If you need to schedule an initial consultation to discuss your own whistleblower situation, please contact us.
When our public agencies are outsourced to corporations then their duty is to protect that corporation and not WE THE PEOPLE THE 99% and this is where American citizens lost their control of governance.
The biggest problem for the 99% is the CRONY POLITICAL MACHINES controlling HIRING now becoming gangland in an employee's willingness to hide public malfeasance, fraud, and corruption. We MUST GET RID OF GLOBAL WALL STREET 5% POLS AND PLAYERS...Greeks and freemasons.
Engineers must obey contract law in their contractual relationships with other parties. In cases where an engineer's work fails, he may be subject to the law of tort of negligence, and in extreme cases, criminal charges. An engineer's work must also comply with numerous other rules and regulations such as building codes and environmental law.
In general, civil engineering is concerned with the overall interface of human created fixed projects with the greater world. General civil engineers work closely with surveyors and specialized civil engineers to design grading, drainage, pavement, water supply, sewer service, dams, electric and communications supply. General civil engineering is also referred to as site engineering, a branch of civil engineering that primarily focuses on converting a tract of land from one usage to another. Site engineers spend time visiting project sites, meeting with stakeholders, and preparing construction plans. Civil engineers apply the principles of geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, environmental engineering, transportation engineering and construction engineering to residential, commercial, industrial and public works projects of all sizes and levels of construction.
Main articles: Coastal engineering and Coastal management
Oosterscheldekering, a storm surge barrier in the Netherlands.Coastal engineering is concerned with managing coastal areas. In some jurisdictions, the terms sea defense and coastal protection mean defense against flooding and erosion, respectively. The term coastal defense is the more traditional term, but coastal management has become more popular as the field has expanded to techniques that allow erosion to claim land.
Main article: Construction engineering
Construction engineering involves planning and execution, transportation of materials, site development based on hydraulic, environmental, structural and geotechnical engineering. As construction firms tend to have higher business risk than other types of civil engineering firms do, construction engineers often engage in more business-like transactions, for example, drafting and reviewing contracts, evaluating logistical operations, and monitoring prices of supplies.
Main article: Control engineering
Control engineering (or control systems engineering) is the branch of civil engineering discipline that applies control theory to design systems with desired behaviors. The practice uses sensors to measure the output performance of the device being controlled (often a vehicle) and those measurements can be used to give feedback to the input actuators that can make corrections toward desired performance. When a device is designed to perform without the need of human inputs for correction it is called automatic control (such as cruise control for regulating a car's speed). Multidisciplinary in nature, control systems engineering activities focus on implementation of control systems mainly derived by mathematical modeling of systems of a diverse range.
Main article: Earthquake engineering
Earthquake engineering involves designing structures to withstand hazardous earthquake exposures. Earthquake engineering is a sub-discipline of structural engineering. The main objectives of earthquake engineering are to understand interaction of structures on the shaky ground; foresee the consequences of possible earthquakes; and design, construct and maintain structures to perform at earthquake in compliance with building codes.
Main article: Environmental engineering
Environmental engineering is the contemporary term for sanitary engineering, though sanitary engineering traditionally had not included much of the hazardous waste management and environmental remediation work covered by environmental engineering. Public health engineering and environmental health engineering are other terms being used.
Environmental engineering deals with treatment of chemical, biological, or thermal wastes, purification of water and air, and remediation of contaminated sites after waste disposal or accidental contamination. Among the topics covered by environmental engineering are pollutant transport, water purification, waste water treatment, air pollution, solid waste treatment, and hazardous waste management. Environmental engineers administer pollution reduction, green engineering, and industrial ecology. Environmental engineers also compile information on environmental consequences of proposed actions.
Main article: Forensic engineering
Forensic engineering is the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate or function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property. The consequences of failure are dealt with by the law of product liability. The field also deals with retracing processes and procedures leading to accidents in operation of vehicles or machinery. The subject is applied most commonly in civil law cases, although it may be of use in criminal law cases. Generally the purpose of a Forensic engineering investigation is to locate cause or causes of failure with a view to improve performance or life of a component, or to assist a court in determining the facts of an accident. It can also involve investigation of intellectual property claims, especially patents.
Main article: Geotechnical engineering
A phase diagram of soil indicating the weights and volumes of air, soil, water, and voids.Geotechnical engineering studies rock and soil supporting civil engineering systems. Knowledge from the field of soil science, materials science, mechanics, and hydraulics is applied to safely and economically design foundations, retaining walls, and other structures. Environmental efforts to protect groundwater and safely maintain landfills have spawned a new area of research called geoenvironmental engineering.
Identification of soil properties presents challenges to geotechnical engineers. Boundary conditions are often well defined in other branches of civil engineering, but unlike steel or concrete, the material properties and behavior of soil are difficult to predict due to its variability and limitation on investigation. Furthermore, soil exhibits nonlinear (stress-dependent) strength, stiffness, and dilatancy (volume change associated with application of shear stress), making studying soil mechanics all the more difficult.
Materials science and engineering
Main article: Materials science
Materials science is closely related to civil engineering. It studies fundamental characteristics of materials, and deals with ceramics such as concrete and mix asphalt concrete, strong metals such as aluminum and steel, and thermosetting polymers including polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and carbon fibers.
Materials engineering involves protection and prevention (paints and finishes). Alloying combines two types of metals to produce another metal with desired properties. It incorporates elements of applied physics and chemistry. With recent media attention on nanoscience and nanotechnology, materials engineering has been at the forefront of academic research. It is also an important part of forensic engineering and failure analysis.
Outside plant engineering
Main article: Outside plant engineering
"Outside plant engineering" or OSP engineering is related to both Civil engineering and Telecommunications engineering. It is concerned with the design of the aerial and underground structures that interconnect communications nodes. Some of the typical components of outside plant are cables, poles, messenger wire, down guys, pole anchors, underground vaults, service boxes/hand-holes, and conduit.
Main article: Structural engineering
Shallow foundation construction example
Structural engineering is concerned with the structural design and structural analysis of buildings, bridges, towers, flyovers (overpasses), tunnels, off shore structures like oil and gas fields in the sea, aerostructure and other structures. This involves identifying the loads which act upon a structure and the forces and stresses which arise within that structure due to those loads, and then designing the structure to successfully support and resist those loads. The loads can be self weight of the structures, other dead load, live loads, moving (wheel) load, wind load, earthquake load, load from temperature change etc. The structural engineer must design structures to be safe for their users and to successfully fulfill the function they are designed for (to be serviceable). Due to the nature of some loading conditions, sub-disciplines within structural engineering have emerged, including wind engineering and earthquake engineering.
Design considerations will include strength, stiffness, and stability of the structure when subjected to loads which may be static, such as furniture or self-weight, or dynamic, such as wind, seismic, crowd or vehicle loads, or transitory, such as temporary construction loads or impact. Other considerations include cost, constructability, safety, aesthetics and sustainability.
Main articles: Surveying and Construction surveying
A student using a dumpy level
Surveying is the process by which a surveyor measures certain dimensions that occur on or near the surface of the Earth. Surveying equipment, such as levels and theodolites, are used for accurate measurement of angular deviation, horizontal, vertical and slope distances. With computerisation, electronic distance measurement (EDM), total stations, GPS surveying and laser scanning have to a large extent supplanted traditional instruments. Data collected by survey measurement is converted into a graphical representation of the Earth's surface in the form of a map. This information is then used by civil engineers, contractors and realtors to design from, build on, and trade, respectively. Elements of a structure must be sized and positioned in relation to each other and to site boundaries and adjacent structures. Although surveying is a distinct profession with separate qualifications and licensing arrangements, civil engineers are trained in the basics of surveying and mapping, as well as geographic information systems. Surveyors also lay out the routes of railways, tramway tracks, highways, roads, pipelines and streets as well as position other infrastructure, such as harbors, before construction.
BLM cadastral survey marker from 1992 in San Xavier, Arizona.In the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and most Commonwealth countries land surveying is considered to be a separate and distinct profession. Land surveyors are not considered to be engineers, and have their own professional associations and licensing requirements. The services of a licensed land surveyor are generally required for boundary surveys (to establish the boundaries of a parcel using its legal description) and subdivision plans (a plot or map based on a survey of a parcel of land, with boundary lines drawn inside the larger parcel to indicate the creation of new boundary lines and roads), both of which are generally referred to as Cadastral surveying.
Construction surveying is generally performed by specialised technicians. Unlike land surveyors, the resulting plan does not have legal status. Construction surveyors perform the following tasks:
- Surveying existing conditions of the future work site, including topography, existing buildings and infrastructure, and underground infrastructure when possible;
- "lay-out" or "setting-out": placing reference points and markers that will guide the construction of new structures such as roads or buildings;
- Verifying the location of structures during construction;
- As-Built surveying: a survey conducted at the end of the construction project to verify that the work authorized was completed to the specifications set on plans.
Main article: Transportation engineering
The engineering of this roundabout in Bristol, England, attempts to make traffic flow free-movingTransportation engineering is concerned with moving people and goods efficiently, safely, and in a manner conducive to a vibrant community. This involves specifying, designing, constructing, and maintaining transportation infrastructure which includes streets, canals, highways, rail systems, airports, ports, and mass transit. It includes areas such as transportation design, transportation planning, traffic engineering, some aspects of urban engineering, queueing theory, pavement engineering, Intelligent Transportation System (ITS), and infrastructure management.
Municipal or urban engineering
Main article: Urban engineering
Lake ChapultepecMunicipal engineering is concerned with municipal infrastructure. This involves specifying, designing, constructing, and maintaining streets, sidewalks, water supply networks, sewers, street lighting, municipal solid waste management and disposal, storage depots for various bulk materials used for maintenance and public works (salt, sand, etc.), public parks and cycling infrastructure. In the case of underground utility networks, it may also include the civil portion (conduits and access chambers) of the local distribution networks of electrical and telecommunications services. It can also include the optimizing of waste collection and bus service networks. Some of these disciplines overlap with other civil engineering specialties, however municipal engineering focuses on the coordination of these infrastructure networks and services, as they are often built simultaneously, and managed by the same municipal authority. Municipal engineers may also design the site civil works for large buildings, industrial plants or campuses (i.e. access roads, parking lots, potable water supply, treatment or pretreatment of waste water, site drainage, etc.)
Water resources engineering
See also: Hydraulic engineering and Hydrology
Water resources engineering is concerned with the collection and management of water (as a natural resource). As a discipline it therefore combines elements of hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, conservation, and resource management. This area of civil engineering relates to the prediction and management of both the quality and the quantity of water in both underground (aquifers) and above ground (lakes, rivers, and streams) resources. Water resource engineers analyze and model very small to very large areas of the earth to predict the amount and content of water as it flows into, through, or out of a facility. Although the actual design of the facility may be left to other engineers.
Hydraulic engineering is concerned with the flow and conveyance of fluids, principally water. This area of civil engineering is intimately related to the design of pipelines, water supply network, drainage facilities (including bridges, dams, channels, culverts, levees, storm sewers), and canals. Hydraulic engineers design these facilities using the concepts of fluid pressure, fluid statics, fluid dynamics, and hydraulics, among others.
The failure of civil engineers in US cities public works and public planning----global Baltimore Development et al to protect public health over and over again from product materials known to be toxic falls to FORENSIC ENGINEERING.
When we followed the installation in our community of underground culvert pipes, cables, and wiring only to be told by a Baltimore Public Works or a Baltimore Board of Estimates that information is not PUBLIC BUT PROPRIETARY we can assume things are SHADY. If we simply stand silent as SHADY HAPPENS OVER AND OVER we are third world serfs and slaves---not citizens. Our attitude over Baltimore's civil engineering is-----
IT ALL NEEDS TO BE PLACED UNDER FORENSIC INVESTIGATION BY FORENSIC ENGINEERING.
We know that a Baltimore Development 'labor and justice' organization 5% global Wall Street players are then the EXPERT CONSULTANT who of course is hired to make sure data shows no public malfeasance. AN ENGAGED CITIZEN BRINGS THEIR OWN FORENSIC ENGINEER to this investigation and that engineer needs to be from outside the state -----there are still HONEST CIVIL ENGINEERS.
Main article: Forensic engineering
Forensic engineering is the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate or function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property.
Since CLINTON/BUSH/OBAMA filling our political parties with global Wall Street players what was a strong forensic engineering working for public interest is now filled with 5% players working to hide errors and fraudulent construction. What are forensic engineers doing today? THEY ARE WORKING TO FIND GLOBAL CORPORATE PATENT FRAUD protecting corporate profits while BUILD TO FAIL KILLS 99% OF WE THE PEOPLE.
When we allow a crony 5% player be that PATRONAGE seeker behind most of these frauds and doing HARM----be as well those FORENSIC engineers whatever the frauds or type of engineering----we are a third world nation with no US Rule of Law or governance structure. It is vital to have PUBLIC INTEREST CIVIL ENGINEERS.
Baltimore has the top crony political racketeering in the nation -----our city council, city attorney, public works SEES NO CIVIL ENGINEERING EVIL.
'However, a design flaw in the catwalks caused them to collapse. Some 114 people were killed, and more than 200 others were injured'.
Forensic engineers look for clues in failures
By Noelle Haner-Dorr
Apr 15, 2002, 12:00am EDT Updated Apr 15, 2002, 12:00am
EDTORLANDO -- Twenty years ago, the atrium of the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Kansas City, Mo., was considered an architectural and engineering masterpiece. A glass, open-air atrium, it allowed guests to move across the hotel via three catwalks suspended high above the lobby.
However, a design flaw in the catwalks caused them to collapse. Some 114 people were killed, and more than 200 others were injured.
The cause: Investigators discovered a structural change had been made to the drawings by the contractor that fatally altered the engineering of the catwalk design. The change was never caught by the engineer.
This incident and others -- the 1993 first bombing of the World Trade Center and the 1995 bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City -- have given rise to a relatively young engineering discipline dubbed forensic engineering.
"After building materials fall apart, we're there," said Roy DiVincenti, president and CEO of Professional Forensic Services.
Forensic engineering combines the applications of engineering theory, design, materials testing and heavy construction with practical experience to find out why building materials and designs fail.
In Florida, the forensic engineering movement in construction began with the collapse of a condo being built on Cocoa Beach in the mid-1980s. Reports indicated too much of the shoreline had been removed to hold the weight of the building.
As a result, the state Legislature passed the Threshold Building Law, which requires a qualified engineer to monitor structural construction for buildings higher than 50 feet or three stories.
Further, officials recognized some of the traditional methods used to analyze and report the failure of building materials were questionable. According to DiVincenti, when building materials failed, engineers who had no construction monitoring experience often were brought in to assess the failure.
A one-page report stating the engineer's "opinion" on the failure was produced, in many cases without the benefit of testing the materials. And often the engineer never even visited the site.
A detailed examination of failed materials and a factual analysis of why they failed became mandatory.
"When you go to the doctor, you don't want to know what the doctor thinks it is," DiVincenti said. "You want to know how to stop the pain."
Litigation and fraud
In addition, two legal components also shaped the growth of forensic engineering: the litigious nature of the construction industry and an increased number of insurance fraud cases in construction.
Although it's unclear just how many lawsuits are filed each year, experts believe damages may total hundreds of billions of dollars annually nationwide.
In Florida, hurricanes often are the scapegoat in insurance fraud cases. Sometimes the storms are blamed for damage they did not cause. There also are people who purchase old properties and wait for a strong storm or other natural disaster to occur in order to make a faulty insurance claim.
Forensic engineers can step into these situations and provide definitive answers to why and how a specific building material failed or was distressed.
"It's not uncommon for some person who is completely responsible for the failure to come out with a sizable nuisance award," said Tom Boehly, owner of TBA Forensic Engineering & Technology. "It's like hitting the insurance lottery."
With the events of Sept. 11, it appears forensic engineers will be busier than ever as people try to understand structural failures.
Many industry insiders believe this demand will continue to grow as security issues and preventive maintenance continue to be top priorities.
"There is a need to apply engineering and science principles to better understand how events occurred and reconstruct them in a systematic and logical fashion," said Radwan Essam, chairman of the University of Central Florida's civil and environmental engineering department. "Safety and security precautions may then be planned to prevent catastrophes before they happen."
Below we see the SHIP OF FOOLS CLINTON/OBAMA global Wall Street neo-liberals Booker, Schumer, and Gillibrand running when an actual disaster happens all on media MAD AS HECK over civil engineering failures. They didn't notice huge public housing and worker dormitories for immigrants all built on water's edge off Manhattan on Jersey Shore.
The amount of civil engineering and development fraud revealed in just this one case HURRICANE SANDY would curl the toes of any REAL US RULE OF LAW AMERICAN DEVELOPED NATION LIBERTY, JUSTICE FOR ALL 99% of citizens.
FEMA not only saw the fraud and civil engineering malfeasance----the NY and NJ civil engineers saw it as well for decades.
Where city and state global Wall Street 5% players jumped to action was ----protecting the insurance corporation losses. Here is where having those FAKE CIVIL ENGINEERS AND FORENSIC ENGINEERS comes in handy......enter the 5% PLAYER CONSULTANTS.
'Yet in “late 2013” -- nearly a year before the case of Kaible and his wife Deborah Ramey exploded into public view -- FEMA saw “signals” of potential fraud used to deny claims, the agency’s Brad Kieserman told “60 Minutes.” He was appointed as FEMA’s deputy associate administrator for insurance at the beginning of February, and is now leading the settlement process. Approximately 2,000 insurance cases are pending in federal courts in New York and New Jersey.
Asked during the program why allegations of fraud weren’t elevated sooner within the agency, Kieserman said, “This would be the type of thing that I would run to the boss with. And I need to find out why that didn’t happen.”'
It is the failure of 99% WE THE PEOPLE to FIX ELECTION RIGGING that allows these 5% players operate with impunity. What does happen is this-----WE KNOW WHERE THE FRAUD IS----IT IS DOCUMENTED-----WE CAN REVERSE FAKE DECISIONS. It does not matter if every judge and court is fraudulent and corrupt---a US city council and mayor can and has a duty to bring justice.
NY City firefighters and police were caught in all these BUILD TO FAIL CIVIL ENGINEERING FRAUDS ======they knew games we being played and they took a few decades of being WINNERS----instead of STANDING UP NOW. Where do much of our forensic engineering take place? Our fire and police agencies having that duty to protect public interest---corporations have those INSURANCE FORENSIC ENGINEERS to protect their profits.
Hurricane Sandy Fraud Allegations: New York and New Jersey US Senators Call For FEMA Oversight Hearings
By Catherine Dunn @catadunn On 03/02/15 AT 1:10 PM
Four U.S. senators say mismangement and possible criminal activity within FEMA's flood insurance program require congressional oversight hearings amid allegations widespread fraud deprived Hurricane Sandy victims of claims payments. Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand and Charles Schumer of New York, and Robert Menendez and Cory Booker of New Jersey requested the hearings Monday after a senior FEMA official admitted the agency saw signs of potential fraud more than a year ago.
In a letter addressed to the chair of the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee, the senators cited a range of concerns regarding accountability in the National Flood Insurance Program, which FEMA largely contracts out to private insurance carriers.
"It is shocking to us,” the senators wrote, “that FEMA officials received specific allegations of fraudulent activity that served as the basis for claimants being denied the coverage they had paid for, including homeowners who lost their homes, and either did not appropriately investigate these claims or simply looked the other way."
Momentum has been building for months in federal courts, among law enforcement officials, and in Washington around allegations of altered engineering reports and lowball payouts in Sandy insurance claims. According to lawyers currently negotiating mass settlements with FEMA in pending court cases, thousands more homeowners who never brought lawsuits also may be victims of fraud.
A “60 Minutes” investigation Sunday detailed the stories of Long Beach, New York, homeowners who allege their insurance carriers underpaid them by tens of thousands of dollars after engineering firms changed damage reports on their properties. In a watershed case against Wright National Flood Insurance, Long Beach resident Robert Kaible managed to snap photos of an initial engineering report on his house. Kaible testified last fall before a New York federal magistrate about the stark differences he saw in two versions of the report authored by the firm U.S. Forensic.
U.S. Magistrate Gary Brown last November called the “secretly” rewritten report, and its concealment, an act of “reprehensible gamesmanship.” Fearing such a practice could be “widespread,” Brown and a panel of fellow magistrates ordered insurance companies to turn over all draft engineering reports in pending cases.
Wright Flood, U.S. Forensic, and HiRise Engineering all declined to be interviewed by “60 Minutes,” and have denied allegations of criminal wrongdoing. Just last month, New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman executed a search warrant at the offices of another engineering firm, HiRise Engineering, as part of an ongoing criminal investigation.
Yet in “late 2013” -- nearly a year before the case of Kaible and his wife Deborah Ramey exploded into public view -- FEMA saw “signals” of potential fraud used to deny claims, the agency’s Brad Kieserman told “60 Minutes.” He was appointed as FEMA’s deputy associate administrator for insurance at the beginning of February, and is now leading the settlement process. Approximately 2,000 insurance cases are pending in federal courts in New York and New Jersey.
Asked during the program why allegations of fraud weren’t elevated sooner within the agency, Kieserman said, “This would be the type of thing that I would run to the boss with. And I need to find out why that didn’t happen.”
Now senators from the region hardest hit by the 2012 storm are seeking a chance to find out what happened -- as potentially more cases remain to be uncovered. Many of the allegations that have surfaced so far arise from New York cases, but the senators said they are “concerned that firms that prepared insurance reports for homeowners in New Jersey may have also purposely falsified documents to lower their payouts.”
Here we have Africa selling SMART CITIES and technology permeating our lives as a FORENSIC ENGINEERING TOOL to protect against frauds, solving crimes, protecting public health when the very politicians in office are global banking neo-liberals and neo-cons pushing these crimes.
This is true in US----we are seeing accolades of innovation for products that will monitor our public water works to protect against toxins in water even as the very materials of construction are TOXIC. We have absolutely no thought that these NEW INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS will hit PUBLIC WORKS INFRASTRUCTURE -----it may be sold to global 1% and their 2% home and building infrastructure.
“As technology permeates every aspect of our lives, it is no wonder that solving crimes has become almost futuristic in its advances,” he said'.
Here in Maryland we are poised to detect PHARMA levels in our public water with a new product GLOBAL VEOLIA ENVIRONMENTAL will install. We are to trust that global Wall Street 5% pols and players and civil engineers will report honestly the exposure of 99% of WE THE PEOPLE to toxins at high-level.
THE IMPORTANT GOAL IN BUILD TO FAIL IS TO SEND BILLIONS TO THE PRODUCT PATENT ---NOT TO HAVE IT ACTUALLY SOLVE CIVIL ENGINEERING PROBLEMS.
Below we see African media selling the idea of forensic engineering against financial frauds and public malfeasance while the goals are patent protection.
KPMG ignored red flags
15 September 2017 - 15:40 By Graeme Hosken
Image: REUTERS/MIKE BLAKE
International auditing firm KPMG has admitted that senior executives ignored "red flags" relating to the accounts of the controversial Gupta family.
Corporate patent protections are ONE WORLD ONE GOVERNANCE TRANS PACIFIC TRADE PACT ---central in Foreign Economic Zone policy and South Africa is that Foreign Economic Zone. The ONLY FORENSIC ENGINEERING happening under global 1% MOVING FORWARD is regressive and repressive forensic monitoring for 99% of global citizens -------it is tied to NSA/World Bank ONE TECHNOLOGY GRID corporate patent protections and frauds against corporations.
NO CIVIL FORENSIC ENGINEERING HAPPENING IN TRANS PACIFIC TRADE PACT THAT WILL PROTECT WE THE PEOPLE.
What we can be sure of is this------FAKE CIVIL ENGINEERS will not detect it or provide data that is accurate......................cities and counties may buy that PRODUCT TO DETECT but it will not report failures
'It’s not an academic exercise: According to an Associated Press investigation, scientists have found that water piped to tens of millions of people nationwide contains minute concentrations of dozens of pharmaceuticals from tranquilizers to painkillers to antibiotics.
While scientists have not definitively established that people are harmed by these drugs, laboratory tests have shown tiny amounts can have ill effects on human cells. And the fact that they are being consumed in combination, over many years — at any level — worries some researchers'.
Forensic technology the solution to tackling fraud – KPMG
6th June 2017
By: Natasha Odendaal
Creamer Media Deputy Editor Online
Forensic technology is increasingly becoming the solution to combatting fraud; however, there is a need to ensure the proper measures are in place and to engage with reputable service providers that can render credible and sustainable technology solutions, audit, tax and advisory services firm KPMG said on Tuesday.
Further, companies equipped with effective monitoring and swift response tools are better placed to mitigate potentially damaging situations or fraudulent incidents and limit the subsequent potential repercussions and adverse financial, reputational or operational impact.
Advances in forensic technology, which is one of the most important aspects of forensic investigations and is recognised as a crucial stakeholder to law enforcement, meant that no one should get away with fraud, KPMG South Africa forensic director Frans Triegaardt said.
“As technology permeates every aspect of our lives, it is no wonder that solving crimes has become almost futuristic in its advances,” he said.
However, as the changing nature of business creates new risks and potential threats, KPMG deemed it important to engage with a team “that is able to respond to crises” caused by white-collar crime quickly, efficiently and with a solutions-orientated mindset.
“Dealing with allegations of fraud, misconduct or other improprieties, such as violations of laws, regulations or organisational policies, has become mission critical for businesses,” he said.
Triegaardt cited the increasing sophistication of fraud, organised crime and terrorism, more complex legislation and regulations, challenges around technology, complex cross-border disputes, pitfalls from expanding into emerging markets, dependencies on unfamiliar business partners and more complex supply and distribution channels and the theft and misuse of intellectual property.
Failing to have correct measures in place to deal with fraud might hinder financial growth and negatively affect stakeholder confidence for organisations, as fraud and misconduct siphoned money stretching into the billions each year from organisations worldwide, as well as damaged reputations and placed public trust in the marketplace at risk.
“Through detailed inquiries and examinations, including the use of leading data analytic techniques, we believe that there must be impartial means to establish truths, evaluate implications, identify appropriate remedial actions, submit restatements, if necessary, and communicate with regulators or external auditors if needed,” he concluded.
We again have great sympathy for our 99% of citizens in this Hurricane disaster in Puerto Rico but as this article shows yet again-----the FAILURE OF CIVIL ENGINEERS AND GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS maximized these disaster conditions. One would ask why a small island of a few million people have all those DAMS. Most were built by US Army Corp of Engineers and then the US allowed them to decay and crumble. Was US Federal government accountable to maintain what they BUILT? OF COURSE THEY WERE.
When were dam failures openly recorded? 2013----during Obama era. We watch as climate change does exactly what we knew it would do to storms in Gulf ---from 1990s we knew Category 5 hurricanes would be modeled to hit Gulf States with these Caribbean Islands always receiving the brunt of storms. So, why were these dams not DECOMMISSIONED THESE FEW DECADES?
WHEN WE HEAR A GOVERNOR OF PUERTO RICO ASKING FOR FEDERAL FUNDING TO REBUILD AT THE VERY TIME OUR CARIBBEAN ISLANDS ARE GOING UNDERWATER ----
There has been recorded fraud, corruption, cronyism in political machines in Puerto Rico---one has to think Baltimore may have taught governance policy to this US TERRITORY----
WE SEE NO PUBLIC INTEREST CIVIL ENGINEERING IN PUERTO RICO NOR ANY ATTENTION TO FORENSIC CIVIL ENGINEERING ON RECORD.
'But that can’t be done by the dam owners. PREPA has about $9 billion in debt and the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority has about $4.6 billion in debt, far more than they can service without any major new project'.
99% of Puerto Rico citizens of course have no voice in public policy just as here in US with capture---so these are crimes of a 5% to the 1% and those pols and players are staged to hand Puerto Rico to global banking. This looks just like Greece's political sell-out .
Failing Puerto Rico dam that endangers thousands not inspected since 2013
By Steven Mufson September 26
An aerial view shows damage to the Guajataca Dam in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria, in Quebradillas, Puerto Rico. (Alvin Baez/Reuters)Puerto Rico’s faltering Guajataca Dam was completed when Calvin Coolidge was president. It is one of 38 dams in Puerto Rico, and according to an Army Corps of Engineers inventory, every single one of them has been rated as having a “high hazard potential.”
Yet Guajataca hasn’t been inspected since 2013, according to the National Inventory of Dams, significantly longer than is ordinarily required of dams with high hazard potential.
Now the 120-foot wall of the earthen Guajataca Dam — finished by the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) in 1927 — has fissures that triggered evacuation orders for thousands of people who were scrambling to deal with the devastation of Hurricane Maria. Water has been pouring out of one section of the large reservoir into small neighborhoods down in the valley.
A high hazard rating reflects the damage that could happen from a dam’s failure, and it is not a commentary on the condition of a dam. Nonetheless, one safety expert said he was surprised by the long gap between inspections at the dam.
“Since this is clearly a high hazard dam (one for which loss of life is likely if the dam were to fail), it would be typical for an inspection of some type to be done once every one or two years,” John W. France, vice president for the dams and hydropower technical practice of the engineering firm AECOM, said in an email.
Those inspections are carried out by the Puerto Rican government; 80 percent of dams in the United States are inspected by state governments.
Local residents use a boat to pass next to flooded houses near the Guajataca Dam. (Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters)Although France said he was not familiar with Guajataca, he said the four-year gap in inspections violates common practice in most of the United States. He said that “most state dam safety programs in the United States require a physical (visual) inspection of a high hazard dam on an annual basis.”
Yet five of PREPA’s 16 dams have not been inspected since 2013, and one has not been inspected since 2012, according to the National Inventory of Dams.
The Association of State Dam Safety Officials said in a recent report that the percentage of state inspections declined steadily from 1999 to 2015, when just 80 percent of the high hazard dams were inspected. In 2015, two of Puerto Rico’s dams were rated “poor” and four “fair,” according to the report. One was not rated at all and the rest were “satisfactory.”
The 90-year-old Guajataca Dam created a lake 2½ miles long and as much as a mile wide in the scenic northwest part of Puerto Rico. It has long been considered a recreational attraction, where people go camping, hiking and fishing alongside rain forests. Still owned by PREPA, the dam has supplied hydroelectric power, irrigation and water needs.
But little investment has gone into infrastructure in Puerto Rico, which is in bankruptcy to restructure its more than $72 billion in debt. The biggest single chunk of that debt belongs to PREPA, the bankrupt state-owned utility.
That could pose problems for the commonwealth’s dam infrastructure. Most of Puerto Rico’s dams — 26 of the 38 — date to before 1960. Six were built a century ago.
“The infrastructure in Puerto Rico is decades old,” said Miguel Soto-Class, president of the Center for a New Economy, a San Juan think tank. “That goes for water infrastructure, as well.”
Soto-Class said that some of the island’s reservoirs need dredging and therefore don’t have enough water during droughts. That would also reduce the volume of water that could be held back in a heavy rain.
The long-deferred investments make it more difficult to revamp infrastructure a bit at a time, Soto-Class said. When the water and sewer authority recently updated pipes, older pipes blew up because they couldn’t handle the additional pressure.
Another major dam owner is the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority. Its Carraizo, Carite and Rio Blanco dams for hydroelectric power and water supply haven’t been inspected since 2013, according to the National Inventory of Dams.
The Guajataca Dam is just one example of the fragile infrastructure that has collapsed — along with Puerto Rico’s entire electrical transmission grid — raising the question of whether the island can and should be rebuilt to a higher standard than it has had.
But that can’t be done by the dam owners. PREPA has about $9 billion in debt and the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority has about $4.6 billion in debt, far more than they can service without any major new project.
“We’ve been cutting corners for a long time in a lot of places,” Soto-Class said.
A foreign LNG corporation is building illegal dams all over northern BC and it's a big problem
A foreign LNG company built dozens of dams across northern British Columbia to serve its fracking operations -- and it didn’t ask permission from anyone before doing it.
Some of these illegal dams are five storeys high. A subsidiary of Petronas LNG built at least 16 of these dams to trap the millions of litres of water it will need to frack for natural gas. There may be as many as 200 unauthorized dams built by other fossil fuel corporations in the region.
Fracking involves injecting a toxic mix of chemicals, fresh water and gas into solid rock to release natural gas. It has led to earthquakes throughout the province just so corporations can ship it in liquefied form to Asia and other markets.
In short, this is a terrible idea and these illegal dams pose an enormous safety risk to local communities and First Nations.
Tell the BC Government LNG corporations are not above the law. Condemn these illegal dams.
A permit isn’t some hassle getting in between a fossil fuel corporation and its profits: it’s the law. And with the upswing in fracking-caused earthquakes, an unregulated, unauthorized dam on the doorstep of a fractured gas operation is a disaster waiting to happen. But apparently LNG and other carbon-spewing industries think they are above the law.
They are not above the law. This is nothing short of a water grab by fossil fuel companies who feel entitled to our most precious resource and aren’t worried about putting communities and First Nations territory under extreme risk to get it.
We’ve been taking on Big Carbon across Canada for years. Tens of thousands of SumOfUs members have committed to doing whatever it takes to stop Kinder Morgan, another fossil fuel corporation that thinks the rule of law doesn’t apply to it. We’ll stop that pipeline, and we will stop these illegal, reckless and dangerous LNG dams too.